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Notes & Queries 





[Vicar of Milton Cievedon^ Editor of the “ Visitations of the 
Counties of Somerset and Hereford^ “ Somerset Incumbents f' etc.) 



[Vicar of Long Burton with Holnest, Canon Non-Res. of 
Sarum, author of “ Bibliotheca DorsetiensisC etc.) 

“ Attempt the end, and never stand to doubt, 
Nothing’s so hard, hwi search will find it out.” 


VOL. X. 




3 OS' 


1.3.1 tS, 


W ITH the issue of this loth Volume, this magazine will have 
completed 20 years of its existence, for the first Number 
was issued in March, 1888. 

The Editors are glad to say that the original Somerset Editor, 
Mr. Hugh Norris, is still living in his home at South Petherton, 
though burdened by the weight of years. 

They also take this opportunity of thanking all those who 
have contributed to make the Magazine a success, and of ex- 
pressing to them not only their appreciation of that continued 
support, which has made it possible to carry on the work, but also 
their grateful thanks for never failing to furnish a supply of 
interesting and valuable material, which will prove a mine of 
wealth to the future Historians of the two Counties. 



In the past two years several kind friends and valued 
supporters and correspondents have been removed by death, 
and their loss is here noted with much regret. 

December, 1907. 


Mrs. C. G. J. Reeve, 19th May, aged 86, 

W. Colfox, Esq., 1 8th July. 

James Ralls, Esq. 


Rev. J. B. Medley, F.S.A., 19th April, aged 76. 

Rev. P. E. George, 30th July. 

Rt. Hon. A. E. M. Ashley, P.C., 15th November, aged 71. 
William Jerdone Braikenridge, Esq., nth Dec., aged 90. 
Frederick Thomas Elworthy, Esq., 13th Dec., aged 77. 




VOL. X. 

In accordance with the express desire of several valued subscribers^ 
the mode of citation of articles in future will be by Volume 
and Page, instead of by Volume, Part and Number of article. 

I. Tke Speke Brass, Dowlish-Wake Church, Somer- 
set. — The interesting brass of Sir George Speke, Knt, is found 
in the north aisle of the chancel of Dowlish-Wake Church, 
presumably a chantry, originally founded and subsequently 
attached to the successive families of Wake, Keynes, and Speke, 
one of the latter, the subject of the brass, having according to 
the inscription rebuilt it at the beginning of the sixteenth 

He is represented with head uncovered, and straight hair, 
but otherwise in complete armour, left shoulder guard, small 
tuilles, skirt and collar of mail, sword, misericorde and spurs, 
the hands raised in prayer. There is a shield on each side of the 
figure, dexter, Speke, sinister, a chevron between three birds, probably 
aquatic from their large beaks, and may represent coots, for 
Southcote, or Wyke; there is no record who the wife was. 

The figure, comparatively of small size, is set in the centre of 
a large stone, and the inscription, (apparently somewhat imperfect) 
is carried round the edge ; this, from the large proportion of the 
stone, has been brought together in the illustration, under the 
effigy for convenience ; and records : — 

^xt iatmi SpekR JUtlss, tt iixur 

sius : fmi ftUua Julies S--: CbiftrautJ 

I|anc patrfsm scclests 1 x 000 , ^h\\i 0Ctau0 tfu 
ann0 tr’ni MiUtBxmu qnxxx^txxfmxxntj \jmaxmt:x S^Hau0. 
Which may be read, — 

Here lies Sir George Speke, Knt, and Elizabeth his wife ; George was 
second son of John S— Built this part of the Church anew : Died eighth 

day of October the year of our Lord, a thousand five hundred twenty eight. 

VoL. X. Part lxxiii. , March, 1906. a 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

This George Speke was Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset, 
17 Henry viii., 1526, — and “lived and died at Dowlish-Wake.” 
He appears to have been the son of John Speke of White 
Lackington, (who died in his father’s lifetime) by Alice, fourth 
daughter of Sir Thomas Arundell, Knt, of Lanherne, Cornwall, 
(ob. 1495), and Katherine, sister and coheir of John, Lord 
Dinham, K.G. W. H. H. R. 

2. The Founder of Netherbury School. — Hutchins 
(II. 108) states that the foundation of this school was so ancient 
that its founder is unknown. From the notes which follow, 
taken from a Chancery Bill (2nd Series 55/4-), dated 2nd iMay, 
1564, it will be seen that a woman named Deanes or Denys 
Churchill, in the latter half of the fifteenth century, gave the 
lands, which still remain in the possession of the Trustees of 
the school, and may therefore be regarded as the founder. 
]\Iuch of the document is illegible. 

The complainants, John Dollynge and John Hallett, church- 
wardens of the parish church of Netherbury, and the parishioners 
of the same, state that one [ ], Prebendary of ... . 

within the Cathedral church of Sarum, and Lord of the IManor 
of ... . about one hundred years previously, had devised 

a tenement called Brodnam, containing 40 acres, and another 
tenement called Paradise, containing 10 acres, parcel of the 
customary lands of the manor, to one Deanys Churchill and her 
assigns for the term of her life according to the custom of the 
manor. By this demise Deanes Churchill was admitted tenant 
of the two tenements, in which she was thus “sole seized in her 
demesne as of frehold for the term of her life.” And at a court 
of the Manor holden in the year [ ] Deanes Churchill 

surrendered the two tenements into the hands of the Lord of the 
Manor, w'ho, in consideration of the customary fine which was 
paid by the churchwardens of Netherbury, made a fresh grant of 
the tenements to Stephen Hill, Thomas Hallet, and John Crabbe. 
This new grant was made “to thentente and uppon trust & confid- 
ence by the said Deanes reposed in the said Stephen Hill, 
Thomas Hallet, & John Crabbe that they and their assigns & all 
and eu’y other parson or parsons having or to have any estate in 
the said two tenementes .... should permytte and suffre 
the churchwardens of the parishe church of Netherbury . . . 

with the consente of the greater nombre of the parishioners of 
the same parish to appoynte .... & also to permytte & 

suffre the said churchwardens with the consente of the said 
parishioners to levy .... as from tyme to tyme should be 
thought most mete and expediente either to the fyndinge & 
sustentacon of a prieste [,? or chaplain to perform Divine Service 
in the parish church] of Netherbury or to & for the sustentacon 
& mayntenance of a convenyonte scholemaster to instructe & 

Somersei Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


teach . . . Stephen Hill outlived the other trustees, 

& held the tenements by right of survivorship, and at a court of 
the manor holden in the [? seventh] year of the reign of 
Henry VHI. surrendered them to Roger Edgeworth, then Lord 
of the Manor, to the use of John Horsforde, William Richards 
alias Thetcher and John Crabbe, a fine of £io being paid by the 
churchwardens for the surrender. And for 76 years the profits 
of the tenements had been applied to the uses intended by 
Denys Churchill, and till about 22 years Since a sum of £"j 
yearly was employed “ to and for the sustentacon and fyndynge 
of a pryste to serve in the said church and sometymes a clercke 
to kepe the organs in the chore there.” And about 22 years 
past the churchwardens “ with the consente aforesaid instede of 
the said preiste placed a scholemaster which hath ben susteyned 
and founde them by the said tyme of xxii yeres last paste of the 
said parte of the rents and profyts of the two tenementes.” 
The remainder of the profits had for the last 76 years been 
distributed by the churchwardens for the relief of the poor of 
the parish and otherwise for the benefit of the parishioners. 
And in the rst and 2nd years of the reign of Phillip and Mary, 
William Hole and William Myll, being then churchwardens, 
had appointed the said Richards alias Thetcher to hold a close 
called Poy containing 5 acres and two meadows and one moor con- 
taining 5 acres at a rent of £^ a year, but he had lately refused 
to pay the rent. The defendants are the said Richards alias 
Thetcher, Horsford and Crabbe, who are apparently charged with 
having appropriated the lands to their own uses. 

F. J. Pope. 

[This manor was apparently that of Slape in Netherbury, 
for Canon W. H. Jones, in his Fasti Ecclesice Sarisheviensis, p. 419, 
states that Roger Edgeworth was Prebendary of Slape from circa 
1545, to 1560. His predecessor, John Dowman, held it from 
1505. Edgeworth was Fellow of Oriel College, Prebendary of 
Bristol 1542-60, and Chancellor of Wells 1554-60. He died in 
1560, and was buried before the choir door, at Wells. Roger 
Edgeworth, S.T.P., was instituted to St. Cuthbert’s, Wells, 3rd 
Oct., 1543, and on his resignation his successor was instituted 
22nd March, 1558, Weaver’s Somerset Incumbents ^ P* 474- Dorset 

3. Dorset Freeholders, Eggardon of Eggardon. — 
I have to thank Mr. F. J. Pope for very valuable notes relating to 
the Eggardons. The pedigree in Hutchins is inaccurate — that 
in the Visitation of 1623 much better. 

The earlier references to this family are in Dorset Feet of 
Fines, (Printed) 32 Henry III. Henry de Ekerdon and Matilda 
his wife are impedients concerning a rent of 5/- in “ Wurthe.” 


Somerset Dorset Notes <§» Queries. 

Dorset Subsidy Roll. 6 Ed. III., Hundred of Eggerdon, John 
de Ekerdon XV^- one of the Collectors. 

Cat. of Ancient Deeds. 14 Mar., 12 Hen. IV., William 
Ekerdon, clerk, and Robert Veel, grant of burgages and lands in 
Melcombe Regis. 

De Banco Roll. 5 Henry VI., Somerset, “ Johana que fuit uxor 
Henrici Ekerdon,” and dau. and heir of Nicholas Noreys late of 
Chirde, wid., summoned to answer Richard Basset for a debt of 
£20. (m. 103, dorso). 

Feudal Aids. 1428, William Egirdon holds a fourth part of a 
Knight’s Fee in Bromelegh in Hundred of Beaminster. 

I. Thomas Eggardon, is given in the Visitation of 1623 
as father of Thomas, his son and heir, who in 1544 married 
Margaret Watkins, Thomas, ‘ senior ’, being dead. This would 
make Thomas ‘junior’ born circa 1519, and if he was the eldest, 
Thomas, ‘senior,’ would be roughly born about 1490. 

II. Thomas Egardon, junr, was buried 27 Dec., 1561, at 
Askerswell ; the Inq. p. Mortem, copied in Hutchins, says that he 
died 27 Dec., and that Richard, his son, was 15. 

HI. Richard Egardon, Gent., born in 1546, married 
Avice, d. of Hugh Browne of Loders ; she was buried 8 April, 
1630, at Askerswell. Richard’s sister, Joan, was bapt. 3 Nov., 
1559, died 22 June, 1637. Richard himself is noted thus. 

‘ Sepultus Richardus Eggerdon nonagenarius et quatuor vel 
quinque, 8 June, 1639. Askerswell P. R. Richard’s children 
were i. Henry. 2, Thomas, bapt. 23 July, 1587. 3. John, bapt. 5 
Apr., 1591, who married Matilda — , and had a son, Richard, 
bapt. II Jan., 1624. 4. Agnes, bapt. i Jan., 1581, married to 

John Munden of Coltley in Netherbury, at Askerswell, and had 
one daughter, Matilda, bapt. there 10 Apr., 1602. Hugh Browne, 
of Loders, yeoman, in his will 21 May, 1578, mentions Harry 
Egerdone, son of Richard Egerdone (16 Langley, P.C.C.), 
Richard Browne, of Loder, 9 May, 1589, mentions his brother 
Richard Egerdon (85 Leicester, P.C.C.) 

IV. Henry Eggerdon, married Margaret Hardie of 

Askerswell, and had issue, i. Thomas, bapt. 14 Oct., 1593. 
2. Joane, bapt. 8 Nov., 1594, bur. 6 Aug., 1635. 3. John, 

bapt. 10 Mar., 1595. 4. Ursula, bapt. 31 Mar., 1598, marr., to 

Nicholas Banger 7 Jan., 1638. 5. Avice, bapt. 23 Dec., 1598, 

marr. to John Meech 19 June, 1623. 6. Anastasia, bapt. 5 Sept., 
1600. 7. Joane, bapt. 14 Feb., 1605, bur. i Feb., 1643. 

8. Elizabeth, bapt. 29 Sept., 1607, marr. tojohn Oake 2 Aug., 1633. 

John Eggerdon, second son, married Joan Smyth 10 
Aug., 1621, at Askerswell, and had issue, i. John, bapt. 3 Mar., 
1621-2, who married at Loders Elizabeth Gillam 27 Feb., 1640. 
2. Thomas, bapt. 22 July, 1627. 3. Joane, bapt. 27 Mar., 1632. 

4. Joyce, bapt. 24 May, 1635, bur. at Powerstock 10 Feb., 1662. 

V. Thomas Egerdon, Gent., elder son of Henry, married 

Somerset ^ Dorset Notes S> Queries. 


Elizabeth — , and had two sons, i. Simon, bapt. 13 Sept., 1636, 
and 2. Bernard, bapt. i Jan., 1639, bur. 3 Nov., 1663. 

VI. Simon Egerdon, marr. 9 Nov., 1659, Marie Hodder 
at Chilcombe. Chanc. Proc., 16 Chas. II., mention ‘Simon 
Eggerton of Eggerton, gent., aged 29.’ He had issue, i. Henry, 
bapt. 27 June, 1660, bur. 12 Sept., 1660. 2. Simon, bapt. 27 

Feb., 1661, bur. ii July, 1664. 3. Joane, bapt. 26 Feb., 1661, 

marr. to John Taylor of Symondsbury 20 Apr., 1684. 4. Mary, 
bapt. 16 Mar., 1663. 5. Thomas, bapt. 23 May, 1665. 6. 
Symon, bapt. 10, bur. 28 Aug., 1681. 7. Ann, bapt. 7 Oct., 1673. 

8. Sarah, bapt. 8 Sep., 1675. 

In this pedigree two of the name of Thomas are not mar- 
ried or buried at Askerswell, one bapt. 1627, and another bapt. 
1665, besides John who marries into Loders. A John Egerdon 
was buried at Askerswell in 1745. Lastly, Edith Egerdon, 
bur. 20 Apr., 1615, had two illegitimate children — Margaret, 
bapt. 16 August, 1581, and Christopher, bapt. ii Sept., 1591. 
Hutchins makes her a daughter of John, bapt. 1595, which 
is wrong ; and there is no other Edith mentioned in the 
Register. The Powerstock Register gives in 1608 John son of 
John Eggardon vocatus Byrkham {i.e. Burcombe in Poorton) and 
Edith and Anstice, bur. 1598 and 1638. Nightingale’s Church 
Plate of Dorset mentions Thomas Egerdon a parishioner of 
Askerswell in 1552. 1664. Dorset Hearth Tax, Askerswell, 

Mr. Eggerdon 8. 1656, Will of Hugh Browne of Askerswell, 

yeoman, 27 Mar., 1655 ; witness, Thos. Eggerdon, (112 Berkeley, 

The two families that have left longest traces after this are 
the Netherbury-Powerstock and the Allington-Bridport 
branches, the latter remaining in Allington till i749- They are 
both probably still in existence elsewhere. 

The Eggardons of Powerstock seem to have lived in 
Netherbury, as there are very few Eggardon entries in Power- 
stock Registers. 

In 1561 Robert Moore, of Lyme Regis, owner of the Manor 
of Loders Matravers, granted to Robert Egardon of Powerstock, 
and Thomas his son, a tenement called Woolcomb or Fullcomb, 
to pay to the lord of Loders Matravers xvid. yearly, and do suit 
twice in the year at the said Manor of Loders Matravers, and 
pays xiii5. iiii^., for a Relief on every (person) seized of ye lands. 
16 Jac. I. This Farm was sold by Thomas Egardon, Hugh 
Egardon, his son, and Thomas Egardon, his grandson, to 
Nicholas Browne of Mappercombe, and passed to Richard 
Churchill, Esq., in 1783. A Chancery suit, Egerton v. Egerdon, 
between 1558 and 1579, gives Thomas Egerton of Poorstock, 
yeoman, who was granted lands in Netherbury in 2 Eliz. (dead), 
and Constance his wife, and their son Thomas. Constance and 
Thomas are plaintiffs, and Robert Egerdon, to whom were 


Somerset Dorset Notes S= Queries. 

granted copyhold lands in Netherbury “ long before ” 2 Eliz. 
(dead), and his son Robert, with Emlyn late wife of Robert 
senior, and her son Robert Adams, defendants. A second case, 
Poulet V. Egerdon {circa 1562), shews who this Robert was. 
Emlyn (defendant) married Robert Egerdon of Luckis [i.e., Luccas 
or Fullcomb) in Powerstocke, deceased, who held copyhold called 
Shatcombe in the Manor of Melplash, and had two sons named 
in the suit, Thomas Egerdon who granted lease of lands 2 Eliz. 
(deceased) and Robert. Thomas had two children, Thomas and 
Katherine, Thomas is called Thomas of Bradenham in Nether- 
bury, gent., aged 71. [Chanc. Proc. 1619). This Netherbury 
family may descend from William Egirdon, who held the Knight’s 
fee in Bromelegh in 1428. There were also scattered individuals 
in Stoke Abbot and Broadwinsor. 

From these documents the Netherbury pedigree would seem 
to come out thus. 

Robert Egerdon of Luckis, Fullcomb or Woolcomb, in 
Powerstock, dead in 1562, also held copyhold lands in Nether- 
bury “ long before ” that date, and had two sons, Thomas and 

I. Thomas Egerdon married Constance, a widow in 1562, 
held lands in Netherbury, and had two children, Thomas and 
Katharine. Thomas, junior, is called in aChancery suit of 16 Jas. 
I. Thomas of Bradnam in Netherbury, gent., aged 7 1 , and married 
either a Payne or a Samwayes of Broadway, and had two children, 
Robert and Thomas. 

1604. Elizabeth Samways of Broadwaye wid. mentions in 
her will her nephews, Robert and Thomas Egerdon. (63 Harte, 


1625. John Samwaies of Broadway, gent., in 1624 mentions 
his brother-in-law, Thomas Egerdon. (41 Clarke, P.C.C.) 

Robert Egerdon of Luckis, who married Emlyn and was dead 
in 1562, had a younger son. 

II. Robert Egerdon, who inherited Luckis, which he 
handed on to his son, Thomas, who sold it in 1619, in conjunc- 
tion with his son Hugh and his grandson Thomas ; and the family 
moved to Netherbury. 

Hugh Egerdon of Netherbury had a large family, viz., i. 
Thomas, bapt. 14 Dec., 1595, married at Askerswell Alice Hooper 
26 Apr., 1620, called ‘of Netherbury ii. Hugh, bur. 5 Jan., 1599 ; 
iii. Robert, bapt. 17 June, 1598; iv. Hugh, bapt. 6 Sept., 1601 ; 
V. Hugh, bapt. 5 May, 1606; vi. Denise, bapt. 18 Oct., 1610; 
vii. Joan, bapt. 18 Apr., 1613, died 9 Dec., 1636; viii. John, bapt. 
21 Apr., i6i6, bur. ii Dec., 1636; ix. William, bapt. 16 Aug., 
1618, who had a daughter Agnes, bapt. 19 July, 1653. In Chan. 
Proc. 1659, William Egardon of Netherbury, and Mary his wife, 
owed money to Charles Pitfield of Allington. 

Hugh Egerdon, bapt. 1601, had three children, viz. 

Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries. 


Francis, bapt. 1621, Alice, bapt. 1624, and Agnes, bapt. 1627. 

Francis Egerdon married at Loders Margarett Duncket 21 
May, 1657, but seems to have been a widower, as he is mentioned 
as living at Bradpole in 1641, and married Alice Waddon ; unless 
this is an elder Francis. Protestation Returns, March, 1641-2. 
Bradpole, Francis Eggerdon. 

1654. Rich. Waddon of Symesbury, yeoman, mentions sister 
Alice Eggerdon. (464 Alehin, P.C.C.) 

1643. Elizabeth Waddon of Bradpole, wid., 10 May, 1642, 
mentions my daughter Alice Eggerdon, mother of a son, Francis, 
and other children, (ii Crane, P.C.C.) 

There are several other Egardons mentioned in the Nether- 
bury Registers, viz. Leonard, bur. 2 Feb., 1602, Theophila, bur. 
1643, and Agnes marr. to Peter Harte, 1609. 

1648. Robert Hoskins of Furlie in Netherbury, mason, 9 
Feb., 1647-8, witness Robert Eggerton. (168 Essex, P.C.C.) 

1650. Henry Crabb, the elder, of Kersey in Netherbury, 
yeoman, 7 Mar., 1648-9, makes Roberte Eggerdon of Hill, yeo- 
man, overseer. (109 Pembroke, P.C.C.) 

1658, Nicholas Russell of Netherbury, tailor. Witness 
Robert Eggerton. (45 Wotton, P.C.C.) 

1668. John Eggerdon of Whatley, Somerset, gent. ; lands 
in CO. Dorset mentioned. (78 Hene, P.C.C.) In 1649 he sued 
some residents of Poorstock and Rampisham about some bonds. 
This may be the John of Eggardon, bapt. 1621, who marr. Eliz. 
Gillam at Loders, 1640, or the John, bapt. at Stoke Abbot, 1595, 
son of John Eggardon and Joan Hine. 

Dorset Hearth Tax, 1664, Ash in Netherbury. Widow 
Eggerdon 3. Robert Eggerton i. 

The Arlington Family are probably a branch of the 
Netherbury stock, descended from William Eggerdon of Brome- 
legh, of 1428. 

30 Hen. VIII. Willyam Ekerdon, ‘an able archer,’ Borough 
of Bridport. 

Church Plate of Dorset, 1552. Allington, Harry Egerdon, a 

Chanc. Proc., 1558-1579. Henry Eggerdon seized in fee of 
a moiety of lands in Allington and Marshwood, and at Atram in 
Netherbury, by reason of his marriage with Elizabeth, daughter 
of Robert Marselshey, and is now defendant. 

The early Egerdons in the Allington register are probably 
sons of these two persons. 

William Eggardon had these children, viz. Phillip, bapt. 
1570; Leonard, bapt. 1573; Elynor, bapt. 1578; Stephen, bapt. 

1 578 ; and John, bapt. 1588. 

John, son of John Eggardon, bapt. 1571. 

Mary, dau. of John Eggerdon, bapt. 1619; George, bapt. 1624. 

Steven Eggardon had Frances, a dau., bapt. 1624; Edward, 
bapt 1627, and Mary, bapt. 1628. 


Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries. 

A William Eggerdon had William, bapt. 1644; Robert, bapt. 

Robert Egerton had a son, John, bapt. 1670 ; William, 
bapt. 1677 ; Jeremiah, bapt. 1682 ; and John, bapt. 1686. 

Ralph Egerton had John, bapt. 1670; Ralph, bapt. 1676: and 
Charles, bapt. 1704. 

Robert Eggerton had Richard, bapt. 1744., and John, bapt. 

Protestation Returns for Dorset, 1641. Allington. Stephen 
Eggerdon, senr. and junior. John Eggerdon and John Eggerdon. 
Netherbury. William Eggerton and Robert Eggreton. 

Dorset Hearth Tax, 1664. Allington, John Eggerton i. 
Bridport Towne, John Eggerdon 4. 

Chanc. Proc., 1693, 15 j\Iay. Ralph Eggerdon of Allington, 
yeoman, had married a sister of Robert Porter of Allington, yeo* 

The rest of the Allington entries will probably be found at 

The following are a number of disconnected notices of the 
family which it is impossible to fix. 

Dorset Muster Rolls, 34 Hen. 8. Winterborne Stapleton, 
Thomas Egardon (archer). 

1649. 17 Jan. Latham Hardinge and Mary Edgerdon, 

mar., Lydlinch P. R. 

1657. ^9 Dec. Geo. Lock of Buckland and Anne Egerton 

of Warham, mar. 

1668. Katherine Loope, of Slepe in Arne, mentions Kins- 
folk named Egardon, but full notes not taken. (49 Hene, P.C.C.) 

1657. Anne Loup of Warham, wid. 3 June, 1656, mentions 
“ my aunt Alice Eggerton,” mother of Anne. (90 Ruthen, P.C.C.) 

1641, William Loop of Warham, gent., 21 Apr., 1640, 
mentions “ aunt Alice Egerton.” (52 Evelyn, P.C.C.). 

1638. 9 Oct. Margarett Egarton, wid., bur. Wimborne P.R. 

1718. 14 Dec. Richard Eggardon and Jane Read, mar. 

Loders P. R. 

1639. 8 Nov. Thomas, son of John Eggarton. Broad- 
winsor P. R. 

1642. Henry, son of John Eggarton. Broadwinsor P. R. 

1687. 16 Feb. Ralph Egardon and Elizabeth Travice, mar. 

Stoke Abbot P. R. 

1622. 14 Apr. William Edgardon, sep. Stoke Abbot P. R. 

1678. 10 Feb. Edward Eggerne and Matilda Curlone, mar. 

Swyre P. R. 

1687. I Apr. Richard Agerton and Mary Sticklan both of 
Shipton ? mar. Stratton P, R. 

1622. Thomas Heggadon of Germansweek. Exeter Wills. 
1615. 22 Nov. John Eggerton and Maud Hardy, mar. 

Burton Bradstock P. R. Edmund Nevill. 


NOTE. The shields in the upper part of the slab are higher than is here indicated and 
the shield indents in the base are Lower. 

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4HffeQmfl gunMffimoWgrtmo #ctmio 


Somevset Dorset Notes Queries. 


4. Cardinal Wolsey and Sir Amyas Pawlet. — The 
following notes are the result of an enquiry to ascertain the 
exact evidence for a tradition connected with a mighty name in 
English history. There is so much simple copying of the books 
of yesterday by the writers of to-day, that any effort “ to verify 
the references ” is sure to lead to fresh and interesting results. 

Wolsey’s first preferment outside Oxford was the rectory of 
Limington, near Ilchester, to which he was presented by Thomas 
Grey, first Marquess of Dorset, “having had three sons of his 
patron under his care at Magdalen College School ” {Diet. Nat. 
Biog. Ixii., 325). He was then probably just twenty-five. The date 
of his institution is loth October, 1500, Oliver King being then 
Bishop of the Diocese (1495-1503). The legend of his misadven- 
ture here may best be described in the words of Collinson (III, 
219), as they are so widely known. 

“ There goes a story of him, that soon after his preferment to 
this living he was put into the stocks by Sir Amias Pawlet, a 
neighbouring justice of the peace, for getting drunk and making 
a riot at a fair ; a kind of discipline which Wolsey did not forget 
when he arrived at the high station of Lord Chancellor of 
England (1515) ; but summoned his corrector up to London, and 
after a severe reprimand, enjoined him six years close confinement 
in the Temple.” Again in his account of Hinton St. George 
(II, 167) he states that “ Sir Amias Pawlet built much at Hinton, 
but resided for the most part in London, where he was treasurer 
to the Society of the Inner Temple. He died in 1538.” 

A later generation has fixed upon Lopen Fair as the scene 
of the escapade, being led thereto probably by its proximity to 

Modern opinion is now more sceptical or more good- 
natured; and when the Somersetshire Arch. Society visited Liming- 
ton in 1886, Mr. E. Chisholm Batten considered the whole story 
in the highest degree improbable, in that an old courtier, like 
Sir A. Paulet, would have inflicted such an indignity upon a protdge 
of such powerful men at Court as the Marquess of Dorset and 
the Archbishop of Canterbury {Froc. XXXII. , i, 75). 

That there was some unpleasantness we learn from a practi- 
cally contemporary authority who had the best means for 
ascertaining the facts of the case. George Cavendish (1500- 
1561 ?) entered in 1526 or 1527 the service of Cardinal Wolsey 
as gentleman-usher, “ abandoning,” as Wolsey said, “ his own 
country, wife, and children, his own house and family, his rest 
and quietness, to serve me.” From this time to Wolsey’s death 
he was in close attendance upon him. In the reign of Queen 
Mary, Cavendish compiled a life of his old master, but the 
change of sovereign and of religious opinions made it dangerous 
to publish the work, and it remained in manuscript for many 
years. Even then extracts, more or less incomplete and garbled. 

10 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

were all that appeared, until in 1815 S. W. Singer printed the 
whole text. This was re-issued by Professor Morley in 1885 
{D.N.B., ix. 346). Cavendish’s exact words are: “Being there 
(i.e., Limington) one Sir Amyas Pawlet, knight, dwelling in the 
country thereabout, took an occasion of displeasure against him, 
upon what ground 1 know not : but sir, by your leave, he was so 
bold to set the schoolmaster by the feet during his pleasure ; the 
which was afterward neither forgotten nor forgiven. For when 
the schoolmaster mounted the dignity to be Chancellor of 
England, he was not oblivious of the old displeasure ministered 
unto him by Master Pawlet, but sent for him, and after many 
sharp and heinous words, enjoined him to attend upon the 
Council until he was by them dismissed, and not to depart 
without license, upon an urgent pain and forfeiture : so that he 
continued within the Middle Temple, the space of five or six 
years, or more; whose lodging then was in the gate-house next 
the street, which he re-edified very sumptuously, garnishing the 
same, on the outside thereof, with Cardinal’s hats and arms, 
badges and cognisaunces of the Cardinal, with divers other 
devices, in so glorious a sort, that he thought thereby to have 
appeased his old unkind displeasure.” 

Cavendish’s real or feigned ignorance of the misdeed is 
shared by F. Godwin in his Annales Rerum Anglicanarum (fob 
edition of 1616). He also refers to the Cardinal’s insignia on 
the Middle Temple Gateway. Fuller’s Worthies of England 
follows the same tale. 

John Aubrey has preserved the traditional story in his 
Minutes of Lives, compiled in the period 1669-1696, but first 
published in a collection entitled Letters written hy Eminent 
Persons in the Seventeenth and Eighteetith Centuries, London 1813. 
They have since been edited from the original manuscript by 
A. Clark in two volumes, Oxford, 1898. In Vol. II., page 308: 
“Thomas Wolsey, Cardinal. He was a fellowe of Magdalen 
Colledge in Oxford, when he was tutor to a young gentleman of 
Limmington, near Ilchester in com. Somerset, in whose guift 
the presentation of that church is, worth the better part of 200 
li per annum, which he gave his tutor Wolsey. He had committed 
hereabout some debauchery (I thinke, drunke : no doubt he was 
of a high rough spirit), and spake deragatory of Sir Amias Paulet 
(a Justice of Peace in the neighbourhood) who putt him into the 
stockes'^, which when he came to be Cardinall, he did not for- 
get ; he layd a fine upon Sir Amias to build the gate of the 
Middle Temple ; the Armes of Pawlet, with the quartrings, are 
in glasse there to this day (1680). The Cardinall’s armes were, 
as the storie says, on the outside in stone, but time has long 
since defaced that, only you may still disarne the place ; it was 
carved in a very mouldring stone. *From my cosen Lyte, of 
Lytes Carey, about a mile from Limington, 30 years since. The 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. ii 

tradition was very fresh : I have forgott his pupill’s name.” 

History and local tradition combine together to establish 
the truth of the great Cardinal’s early failing, “ his and 
his wrongs ” ; the only point apparently left in doubt being the 
choice of Lopen for the scene. Lopen Fair was in Whit-week. 
But let none go to the Middle Temple to look for the gateway ; 
for in 1684 it was taken down and rebuilt by Sir C. Wren 
[Beauties of England and Wales, vol. x , pt. iii., p. 695). 

E. H. Bates. 

5. Pknselwood: Discovery of the Head of the 

Churchyard Cross. — For some years the gable of the porch 
of this church has contained a stone, carved with the figures of 
the Virgin and child between two kneeling worshippers, under a 
cinquefoiled canopy. A chance question to an inhabitant once 
elicited the remark that a late Vicar had brought it from Italy, 
a variant on the popular tradition that Glastonbury Abbey was 
responsible for this sculpture, as for every other relic of antiquity 
in Somerset. The restoration of the church in the autumn of 
1905 gave the opportunity of removing the stone for a more 
careful examination, when it was at once seen to be the head of 
the churchyard cross. 

Mr. Pooley, in his book on the Old Crosses of Somerset, gives 
under Penselwood : “The ancient cross which is known to have 

once stood in the churchyard, was probably destroyed, and its 
ruins carted away, when the nave of the church was rebuilt in 

The other face and the two ends of the stone are so much 
decayed as to give the impression that after the destruction of 
the cross, the head, as is too often the case with these bigger 
remains, was left in the churchyard for some period, until it was 
given a secure resting place. The face now exposed is in very 
fair preservation, the Virgin and child particularly so ; the two 
kneeling figures are clad in long garments down to their feet. 
The stone is not pierced. Of the crucifixion portrayed on the 
other side, only the top of the cross and the outline of the 
Saviour’s head are visible. The lower part has been broken off 
as far back as to expose the groove for the iron pin which 
secured it to the shaft. At either end are single figures standing 
under a trefoiled canopy, but only the outlines are preserved. 
The Rev. N. Parsons, Rector of the parish, who gave me every 
facility for making these notes, has had the stone replaced in 
such a position that the other face may be examined from within 
the porch. E. H. Bates. 

6. Yetminster. — The question of the meaning of Yet- 
minster arose the other day. According to Hutchins it is 
interpreted as Gateminster, and the suggestion is made, that the 

12 Somerset Dorset Notes S- Queries. 

site of the village answers to this interpretation. That surely is 
not the case. In the facsimile of Dorset Domesday the name 
is spelt Etiminstre, and both in Eyton’s Key io Domesday and in 
Hutchins we find that the Inquisitio Gheldi has the spelling 
Etheminstre. These two forms seem to be dead against Gate- 
minster ; Gateminster would have been Geatminstre originally, 

i.e., a primary compound, and in Domesday we should expect to 
find this written as Eatminstre or Etminstre. On the other hand 
Etiminstre and Etheminstre suggest an earlier form, Eatanminstre 
or Geatanminstre, i.e., the minster of a man called Eata or Geata. 
In Mr. W. H. Stevenson’s edition of Asser’s life of King Alfred 
there is an excellent note on .^scesdun, pp, 234-238, which 
mutatis mutandis may be fairly said to support this view. 


7. Penne of East Coker, Somerset, and Toller 
Whelme, Dorset. 

1. The pedigree of this family begins officially with Thomas 
Penne of E. Coker who was born between 1470 and 1480. 
{Harl. MS. 1067, fol. 16, Brit. Mus.). He married one of the 
daughters and co-heirs of John Crewkerne, of Childhay, co. Dor- 
set, Esquire, John Crewkerne died in 1518, aged 64. {Inq.p.m.) 

2. This family of Penne (whose name is spelled in the early 
and later documents and records in various ways, Pen, Penn, 
Pene, Penne, Peny, Penny, Penye, and Pennye, etc.) was settled 
at a very early period in E. Coker as freehold and copyhold 
tenants of the manor. The Court rolls preserved at Coker Court 
have many references to these early freeholders. 

3. John Penny did homage for his copyhold land in E. 
Coker in 1343. His son, who was known as John Penny of the 
Marsh, did homage for his holding in the Marsh and also for 
land in Myrefield in 1377. This John was the one who married 
the widow of Thomas Bingham of Sutton Bingham, Esquire, in 
1 403 (see Batten’s South Somerset.) There were no children of 
this marriage. But John Penny had children by a former wife, of 
whom two sons are known by name. 

4. John Penny, the elder of them, was the executor of the 
will of Sir Giles Daubeney, Knight, of Barrington, co. Somerset, 
in 1445. {Surtees Soc. 1855). In 1462 lands in W. Coker, E. 
Coker, Hardington and Pen Domer were settled on him by fine. 
These passed on his death to his son Robert, of whom nothing is 
known except that he had an only child Elizabeth who inherited 
the lands, married William. Dale in 1473, and carried them thus 
into the Dale family. 

5 Richard Penny, the younger son, married Alice, daugh- 
ter and co-heir of John Warmwell of Newton Somerville, Esquire. 
He died s. p. in 1437. 

6. In the next generation came Thomas Penny, above men- 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 13 

tioned, of E. Coker, who was not the son of either John or 
Richard. He was of the same social standing as both of them, 
and held the copyhold property at E. Coker, which seems to 
identify him with former copyhold owners of the same name. As 
no pedigree is preserved showing his descent, it is not possible to 
say more. In the Harleian MS. noted above he is recorded to 
have had one son Giles. 

7. Giles Penne married (i) Isabel Gerard of Trent ; she 
died without issue in 1519, and was buried in Yeovil Church. 
The brass contains the coat of arms assumed by Giles Penne in 
right of his mother and an impaled coat of the Gerard family to 
show apparently who his wife’s parents were. He married (2) 
Anne Newton, daughter of Thomas Newton of E. Harptree, co. 
Somerset, Esquire. She outlived her husband, and died at Yeovil 
in 1566. Her will, which was proved in the P.C.C. {27 Crymes) 
has these variations of spelling, Pene, Debney (Daubeney), and 
Huntle (Huntley). Giles Penne was attorney to various religious 
houses at the time of the dissolution, including Athelney, Muchel- 
ney, Sherborne and Bruton. He died in 1560 possessed of con- 
siderable landed property (Batten’s South Somerset, p. 180), and 
was buried at E. Coker. In his will, which was proved in the 
P.C.C. (48 Mellershe), he signed his name Peny ; on his first wife’s 
brass he caused Penne to be written ; in the Letters and Papers 
of Henry VIII. the name is written Penny. 

The children of Giles Penne and Anne (Newton) were 

8. (i) Giles, born 1537 , being 23 at his father’s death {Inq. 
p. m., 2 Eliz.) of E. Coker, and of Cheddington, Dorset. He 
leased the Toller Whelme manor, which adjoined the Chedding- 
ton property. He died and was buried at E. Coker in 1595 . 
{Inq. p. m. 38 Eliz.) Will P.C.C. (73 Scott). He was patron of 
Thorn Coffin, and presented in 1579 . Beside the manors and 
farms he inherited and bought, he owned also the manor of Sea- 
borough (Crewkerne) which was devised to him for life by John 
Golde, Gent., in 1553 (Browne’s Somerset Wills). He was Pene 
in his mother’s will ; Pennye in his own ; and Penney in the 
Diocesan Registry (Weaver’s Somerset Incumbents). He married, 
in the lifetime of his father, Dorothy, daughter of Robert Strode 
of Parnham, co. Dorset, Esquire. She died in 1612 and was 
buried at E. Coker. 

(2) . Edith, who married John Huntley of Milborne St. 
Andrew, Co. Dorset, Esquire {Visit, of Dorset, 1565). 

(3) . Alice, who married John Daubeney of Gorwell, co, 
Dorset, Gent., half-brother of Hugh Daubeney of Wayford. He 
died 1570. Will proved P.C.C. (35 Lyon). 

(4) . Joan, who married Hugh Daubeney of Wayford, co. 
Somerset, Esquire. He died 1564-5. Will P.C.C. (21 Morrison). 
Inq. p.m. 7 Eliz. 

14 Somerset S' Dorset Notes S^ Queries. 

9. The children of Giles Penne and Dorothy (Strode) were 

(1) . John, born at E. Coker, 1563. Matriculated at Hart 
Hall, Oxford, 1581 ; B.A. 1584; married in 1600 Dorothy, 
daughter of Sir John Pointz of Iron Acton, co. Gloucester; 
(Pointz genealogy, Vol. xii. Bristol Orphan Book), Beside the 
Dorset properties he inherited, he owned the manor of Weston in 
the parish of Corscombe, which he purchased of the Hanhams. 
Died 1613; buried at Beaminster. His widow married John 
Giffard of Whiteladies, co. Stafford, Esquire. {Inq, p.m., 
1 1 James I.) 

(2) . William, born 1568; matriculated at Hart Hall, 
Oxford, 1585 ; his father devised to him the property at E. Coker, 
but he lived at Dorchester; married in 1598 Elizabeth, daughter 
of Sir Edmund Ludlow of Hill Deverill, co. Wilts, and had 
issue six children. He had to take out a license for non-residence 
on his copyhold property at E. Coker in 1624 (Batten’s South 
Somerset, p. 181.) He died at E. Coker 1644, she in 1650. 
Both were buried at E. Coker. 

(3) . George, born 1570; Executor of his brother John, 
1613; and guardian of his nephew George; became a Roman 
Catholic, and was mixed up with some R, C. designs and projects; 
died 1639 s.p ; will P.C.C. (26 Coventry). 

(4) . Giles, born 1574; matriculated at Bras. Coll., Oxford, 
1591 ; B.A. 1594. He is not mentioned in the will of his father, 
1595 ; nor in the deed of entail, 1613, in which the heirs of John, 
William and George are mentioned. It is possible that if Clark 
and Boase (Reg. of the Univ. of Oxford) have made no mistake as 
to the name, Giles became a R. C. priest, and was purposely 
ignored in his father’s will and in his brother’s deed of entail. 

(5) . Anne, born at E. Coker, 1561 ; married Richard Hody, 

(6) . Elizabeth, born at E. Coker, 1564; married Giles 
Fathers at E. Coker, 1585. 

10. The children of John Penne and Dorothy (Pointz) were 

(f). George, born 1606 (Inq. p.m. patris)-, married circa 

1628, (Chancery Proc. Charles I. Bundle P. P. 5, No. 7) Jane 
daughter of Edmund Perkins of Upton, co. Berks, Esquire. 
Under the influence of his guardian, —his uncle George, — he 
was brought up a Roman Catholic. She died at Cheddington, 
1686 ; he died there, 1695 ; both buried in Corscombe Church, 
where there are memorial inscriptions. He suffered for his 
politics and religion during the Commonwealth period, and after. 

(2). Elizabeth and (3) Mary, both under ten years in 
1613 when their father died ; they also were probably brought up 
Roman Catholics by their uncle and guardian. There is no 
further record of them. 

11. The children of the second son, William, and his wife 
Elizabeth (Ludlow) § 9 (2) will be given later on, § 20. 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 35 

12. Children of George Penne and Jane (Perkins) ; 

(1) . George, of Toller Whelme, born circa 1629, died in 
the lifetime of his father; admon. P.C.C. to his son George Dec. 
1691. He married, first, Anne, daughter of Thomas Tregonwell 
of Anderson, co. Dorset, Esquire ; the marriage settlement is 
dated 27 Sept., 1656 {Chancery Proc. 1669. No. 89, Whittington, 
Pen V. Pen). He married, secondly, a widow, Elizabeth, who 
survived him. By the first wife there were five sons ; by the 
second wife there was no issue ; the second wife died in 1697 and 
was buried at Corscombe. Admon of her estate was granted 
P.C.C. to her daughter by her first husband. 

(2) Anthony, born about 1630 ; he became a merchant in 
Fleet Street, London ; latterly he lived at St. James’, West- 
minster ; his father settled on him and his heirs in tail male the 
Oak Farm; he married about 1652 Dorothy Lone (one of the 
Sevenoaks and E. Pickham family) and by her had four children ; 
three, Anthony, George and Winifred, died young ; one, Mary, 
grew to womanhood ; she was brought up by her grandfather 
George Penny ; she married Henry Daubeney of Misterton, co. 
Somerset, Gent., and had issue. 

Anthony married secondly, in 1664, Dorothy, widow of 
Joseph Hitchins, a citizen of London, by whom he had two sons, 
one of whom Thomas, died young, before 1692, and the other 
inherited the Oak Farm and became a merchant in London, like 
his father. There were Chancery proceedings as to whether he 
should succeed to the farm or not. His name was George ; he 
was baptized at St. Dunstan-in-the-West, 1664; he married, but 
died s.p. in 1706, and the farm after litigation reverted to the 
head of the family. 

(3) . Edmund, who had some business and lived at St. 
Giles’ -in-the-fields, Middlesex; he died unmarried Nov., 1656; 
admon to his father, George Penney, Esquire, P.C.C. 

(4) . PoYNTZ, Probably this is the same as the Robert 
Poyntz Penne mentioned in the will of his niece Elizabeth, wife 
of Charles Penne, his nephew, in 1721, P.C.C. ( 1 1 5 Buckingham). 

(5) . Giles, of St. James’, Westminster, Gent., who died 
in 1724; will P.C.C-, (281 Bolton) in which he mentions a son, 
James, and a daughter, Mary. Mary was baptised at St. James’, 
Westminster, (Piccadilly) in June, 1706. . No further reference has 
been found to this son James. 

(6) . Anne, married Blaise Shelden of Temple Grafton, co. 
Warwick, Esquire. 

(7) . Elizabeth, married Francis Lenthall, merchant of 

These seven children were born between 1628 and 1650. 
The girls were the eldest of the family. None were baptised at 
Corscombe Church ; they were probably privately baptised by a 
Roman Catholic priest; there is no record of their birth. 

1 6 Somerset ^ Dorset Notes Queries. 

In the Harleian MS., No. 1067, the order is thus : — Anne, 
Anthony, Edmund, George ; but this cannot be correct, for the 
entailed estates descended to George. 

In the Chancery Proceedings, Penne v. Daubney (102 Bridges, 
1690,) Giles is called 4th son in the settlement dated i\Iarch, 
1668-9, cited therein. In the Chancery Proceedings, Pent;. Pen 
(89 Whittington, 1669,) Giles is called 5th son in the settlement 
dated May, 1669, cited therein. 

Edmund and George both died in their father’s lifetime ; 
there is no record of the marriage or death of Poyntz. 

13. Ail the children of George and Jane (Perkins) had to 
suffer from the impoverishment of their father through the poli- 
tical and religious troubles of their generation. 

Barcomb farm and grange was sequestered in 1645 ; its value 
was ;j£'i6o a year; Weston manor and farm, value ;^i8o yearly, 
was sequestered the same year, but was subsequently restored ; 
Toller Whelme manor (purchased in 1630) was sequestered the 
same year, its value being ^300 a year. On the intervention of 
Sir Robert Poyntz, the sequestrations on Barcomb and Toller 
Whelme were discharged on certain conditions in 1647 (IMayo’s 
Dorset Standing Committee, 1646-1650, and The Calendar of the 
Committee for Compoundings Vols. i., iii. and iv. Rec. Off. Puh.) 

In 1644 Prince Maurice and his troopers visited the town of 
Beaminster. The inhabitants were not in favour of his cause ; in 
consequence the soldiers did some damage to the houses, here 
and there setting them on fire. On petition from the town the 
Parliament granted ^2000 compensation out of the estate of 
George Penny, he being a recusant; (Cal. of Com. for Compound- 
ing, Vol. i., 271) and George Penny sold some property at Ched- 
dington for ;^8oo and paid it over to the town. In 1651 the 
town petitioned for the remainder. Sir Robert Pointz, first 
cousin to George Penne, had leased George Penne’s estate for 31 
years in 1644, just before it was sequestered, with a view to pay 
the debts on it and provide for the children. The Parliament 
allowed the validity of the lease when the town petitioned, but 
ordered the heir, Nicholas Pointz, to pay ;^ioo a year to the town 
till the whole debt was paid. 

On the Restoration George Penne brought an action against 
the Minister and authorities at Beamdnster to recover his losses 
(Chancery Proceedings, Penny v. Gundry, iii Hamilton 476 of 1662) 
but was unsuccessful. He also petitioned the King for compen- 
sation, and was granted a license to hold a fair twice a year at 
Toller Whelme (State Papers Dom., 1673, etc.) In 1687 he was 
granted 100 prisoners after the defeat of the Duke of Monmouth ; 
these were redeemable for money by their friends, and if not re- 
deemed they were to be sold into penal servitude to the planters 
of America and the W. Indies. But these compensations were 
very small compared with his advances in the cause of the King, 

■ Somerset S* Dorset Notes <S» Queries, 


and his losses through sequestrations by the Parliament ; and so 
there were heavy mortgages on the Property. Chancery Proceed- 
in^s, Penne v. Price (iii Collins 548 of 1697) show that George 
Penne in 1685 mortgaged the Toller Whelme property for;^3i5o 
to Mrs. Mary Price; — that his son, George, died in his father’s 
lifetime; — that the grandson, George, was in financial difficulty 
after the death of his grandfather in 1695 ; — and that the mort- 
gagee wished to foreclose. The family was practically ruined. 

In defending William Penn, the Quaker, against Macaulay’s 
charges George Penne, the grandfather, was virulently attacked 
by Paget (see his Enquiry, etc.) ; and he was in the same strain 
referred to by Sir Walter Besant in his novel ^'For Faith and 
Freedom'' But George Penne was not at all the kind of person 
they have imagined. 

There can be no doubt that George Penne No. i, § 10 (i) 
was in arms for the King. In the Calendar of the Committee 
for Compounding (Vol. i., 388) there is a petition to the Com- 
missioners dated 1644, in which the petitioners say that they are 
able to prove this. He was examined by the officers of Crom- 
well’s army concerning the part he looV {State Papers Dom. 1655 ; 
and he signed the “ Declaration of the Knights and Gentry in 
the county of Dorset who were in his late Majesty’s army ” in 
1660, (British Museum.) 

George Penne No. 2,, § 12 (i) came of age about 1650. 
There is no evidence that he was in arms for the King, even at 

In the Corscombe registers there is some evidence that in 
his early married life, between 1656 and 1685, he and his wife 
Anne (Tregonwell) were living in the parish of Corscombe in one 
of the family manor houses, either Cheddington or Weston, whilst 
his father was living at the Toller Whelme manor house. 
“Thomas Penne, born 1665, Dec. 22,” can only refer to his son. 
And “Thomas Penne, buried 1665-6, March 4,” seems to refer to 
the same child ; for there was no other Thomas at Corscombe at 
the time. After this, another child was born and named Thomas ; 
he grew up almost to manhood, and was buried at Corscombe in 
1684 as the “ son of Mr. George Penne, Junior.” His wife, Anne, 
died about the same time, but was not buried at Corscombe. 
After this twofold loss he appears to have left Corscombe and 
gone to Low Layton in Essex, to live with his married son George 
No. 3, § 14 (i). He died in 1691 ; and the administration of his 
estate was granted to the son George in December of that year. 

Frank Penny, LL.M. 

(To he continued.) 

8. “Your Honour.” — It may be well to place on record 
the extinction of a courtly form of address in the village of Long 
Burton, though doubtless it still survives for a little while else- 


1 8 Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

where. With William Sam ways, who died loth February, 1906, 
aged 82, this usage has vanished from amongst us. In the 
adjoining parish of Holnest it had already departed, — two old 
persons, Ellen Willis, who died in April, 1887, aged 76, and 
Sarah Anthony, who died in December, 1896, aged 88, being its 
final depositories. They had long been neighbours. 

Dorset Editor. 

9. George III. at Weymouth. (IX. 155). — The in- 
habitants did all in their power to contribute to the amusement 
of His Majesty during his sojourn in Weymouth. On the 
occasion of one of his visits, the King honoured the regiment 
then stationed here, by attending an evening entertainment 
given him by the officers at the Victoria Hotel in Augusta Place. 
The proprietor of this hotel was i\Ir. Samuel Scriven, a gentleman 
of considerable humour. He provided a large cake, with a high 
hollow top in \vhich he had placed some canaries. According 
to a preconcerted arrangement, the colonel of the regiment 
asked his majesty's leave to cut off the top of the cake; leave 
having been readily granted, the top was carefully removed, 
when much to the surprise and delight of the King, who vigorously 
clapped his hands, the birds fiew^ out and settled amongst the 
plants and flowers with which the hall was profusely decorated. 
This incident, long since forgotten, w'as, some 12 years ago, 
communicated to me by a descendant of Mr. Scriven, an old 
inhabitant then upwards of 80 years of age. 

Weymouth. W. Bowles Barrett. 

10. The Burning Cliff at Holworth, near Wey- 
mouth.— A remarkable case of spontaneous combustion occurred 
at this cliff in March, 1827, and continued for many months. The 
Dorset County Chronicle and Somersetshire Gazette of September 20, 
1827, has the following paragraph, under the Weymouth news: 
“ The phenomenon of the Burning Hill is now' in very active opera- 
tion. One of the preventive seamen, on Monday night, pushed his 
sword into the hill, and, after a very short period, it was draw’n 
out so hot that himself and partner burnt their fingers in trying 
what effect had been produced. They saw' fire during most part 
of the night. On Tuesday, Mr. Peter Green (well known as a 
proprietor of boats, &:c.), removed a small quantity of the earth, 
and he, by the heat then existing, broiled a mackerel, fried a slice 
of bacon and boiled an egg in the ordinary time required over a 
kitchen fire.” 

W. Bowles Barrett. 

11. Westover Arms. (IX. 355.) — What militates against 
Mr. Skinner’s conclusion that he has found the Westover coat of 
Arms in the impaling with Drake, is that, if they had a coat at 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


all (which I very much doubt), it would have been a quarterly 
impaling. As Kirkham, see p. 326, had to be joined with 
Westover, and as the Kirkhams bore five quarterings with their 
own, the coat would have at least seven quarterings. Again, by 
good rights, though not strictly adhered to, it should be an 
escutcheon of pretence on Drake. This marriage is much more 
likely to be represented on p. 327, Drake impaling Kirkham, the 
heiress of Westover bearing the heiress of Kirkham’s coat ; as I 
cannot find a Drake-Kirkham marriage. I think the Arms are 
those of Tristram, but I cannot find a Drake-Tristram marriage. 
However it would be interesting to know whether another minute 
survey would reveal a label just above, and I have seen it 
actually on the torteaux in chief, to prove the coat. F.W. 

12. Kewstoke Reliquary. — In the Somersetshire Archaeolo- 

gical Proceedings, vol. LI, part i, page 30, for Herbert of Bosham 
read Benedict of Peterborough (Materials for the History of 
Thomas Becket, vol. ii, p. 15, Rolls Series), and for vasulis and 
vasulcB read vasculis and vascula. C.H.B.H. 

13. Derby or Darby Family. (VIII. 220, IX. 357). — 

There were several men of this name at Sherborne School in the 
seventeenth century, among them a Roger Derby of Beaminster, a 
clergyman’s son, who matriculated at Lincoln Coll., Oxon., in 1626 
{Fosieds Alum : Oxon:) He became vicar of Somerton in 1656. He 
might have been "the father of the Roger Derbv referred to ; at 
anv rate Mr. Richard H. Derby of the New York may get at 
something more definite by investigating the family connections 
of this Roger Derby. W. B. Wildman. 

14. Balch Family. (IX. 358). — In Foster's A him : Oxon : 

2 will find men of this name connected with Dulverton, North 
Currey and Bladon (sic). Is Bladon for Bleadon or Blagdon ? 
Robert Balch, of Merton Coll., Oxon., was master of Sherborne 
School, 1641-1653. W. B. Wildman. 

15. Your correspondent might be interested to know that 

one Richard Balch was vicar of Dulverton in 1648. He had a 
son, Robert Balch, who in 1697 one of the Commissioners 
in Somerset appointed “for putting in execution the Act of 
Parliament lately made for granting to His Majesty an aid as well 
as land tax as other subsidies and duties payable for one year.” 
In the middle of the 17th century several Somerset families 
appear to have settled in North Warwickshire, among them being 
the families of Balch and Godderidge, who resided at Amington 
in Tamworth. Sidney E. Dodderidge.' 

16. PiNNEY or Pinne (IX. 350). — Humphry Pinney, son 
of John and Johanna Pinney, of Broadway, Somerset, came to 


Somerset cS» Dorset Notes Queries. 

New England in ship Mary and John, 1629-30, and settled at 
Dorchester, Mass, This family was of note in Broadway. He 
was executor of his uncle Edmund’s will, who was a wealthy 
freeholder in Broadway. In 1631, he was in England engaged 
on the will of his uncle Edmund. He came over originally with 
George Hull, of Krewkerne, Somerset, whose daughter Mary 
he subsequently married at Dorchester, Mass. He was Freeman 
of Mass., 14 May, 1634. He removed first to Windsor, Conn., 
with his father-in-law, George Hull, and his brother-in-law, 
Josias Hull, and then to Simsbury, Conn., 1667, and afterwards 
to Ellington, Conn., where he died. His wife died Aug. 18, 

Herbert G. Hull. 

17. Richard Standfrwick.— T he following may prove of 
interest to some of your readers : 

Richard Standerwick of Broadwaye, in the County of Som’sett, in” 
old England, Clothyer, for and in consideration of the sume of 
;^i2 of lawfull money of England, payd unto me by Nicholas 
Nurton of Wainmouth, in New England, have granted, bargained 
and sould, and by these presents do freely and absolutely grant, 
bargaine and sell unto the said Nicholas Nurton, all the cattell, 
whether cowes, steeres or calves whatsoever I have with Mr. Hull 
in New England. 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I, the said Richard Stander- 
wick have hereunto set my hand and seals the 20th day of Feb- 
ruary in the yeare 1639. 





these witnesses, have taken their oaths before me, Thomas Dud- 
ley Govnr. of Massachusetts, that they saw Richard Standerwick, 
above named, scale and deliver this bill to the use of the above 
named Nicholas Nurton and subscribed their names or markes as 
witnesses thereof. 

Theire oaths were taken the XXVth day'Of August 1640 

Before me, Thom. Dudley, Gov. 
From Plymouth Colony Records i, 159. Court Order of Record 
of deede, 3 Sepr., 1640. 

Mr. Hull, above mentioned, was Rev. Joseph Hull, a gra- 
duate of Oxford, 1612, Rector of Northleigh, Devon, 1621, was 
a brother of Rev. William Hull, Rector of Collyton, Devon, i6i i. 

Somerset cS- Dorset Notes Queries, 


Mr. Hull with a company of 1 6 families sailed from Weymouth 
for New England, 20th March, 1635, and settled at Weymouth, 
Mass. In June, 1639, he removed to Barnstable, Mass., and 
died at the Isle of Shoals, Me., Nov. 19, 1665. 

Herbert G. Hull. 

No. 3 Broad Street, New York City, U.S.A. 

18. Muchelney. Addition to List of Abbots. — In 
the introduction to the Chartulary of Muchelney Abbey, I 
printed a list of the abbots (S. R. S. xiv, pp. 18, 19), for which 
the recently \ssuQdi Patent Rolls Calendar for 1348-50 has pro- 
vided another name, that of John de Codeworth. He was 
elected and accepted in September, 134';’, after the death of 
John de Somerton ; but only held the office for a short time, as 
in May, 1349, the royal licence was again issued to the Prior and 
Convent to elect a successor. Their choice fell upon Thomas 
de Overton, who filled the office for many years. This same 
Calendar records the double vacancy at Athelney in the same 
year. Richard de Gotehurst having died about September, 1349, 
the Prior and Convent elected the Prior John de Stoure, who 
however died while on his way to the King to obtain the royal 
assent. The royal licence then issued to the Subprior and Con- 
vent, who elected Robert de Hacche, an abbot for fifty-one 
years. These three men were doubtless carried off by the Great 
Pestilence ; and the fact that the new abbots had long terms of 
office suggests that only the younger monks were left. Twenty- 
four benefices in the Deanery of Crewkerne were vacated, some- 
times thrice over, in the period Sept., 1348-1349. 

E. H. Bates. 

19. Rycheman or Rickman Family. — A correspondent 
asks if any reader can give information as to a family of 
Rycheman, Richeman or Rickman, who were at Porton, Lyme, 
Poxwell, Purbeck and Poole in the 14th, 15th, and i6th centuries, 
and as to armorial bearings, crests or mottoes used by them. 

Dorset Editor. 

20. Blewett Family. — Can any one tell me the exact 
connection of the Blewetts of Thorne St. Margaret with the 
Blewetts (or Bluetts) of Holcombe Court? 

F. E. W. Langdon. 

21. Acland Family. (VIII. 358, IX. 208). —I am 
anxious to discover further particulars of one Richard Acland, 
said to be of Devonshire, who married somewhere about the' 
middle of the last century Elizabeth (Betsy) Bowden, widow of 
John Bowden of Doddington, Somerset, and daughter of Richard 
Westcombe of the same place. Richard Acland sustained a fatal 


Somerset ,&» Dorset Notes &* Queries. 

accident to the spine through a fall in a field, and was buried at 
West Monkton. His widow afterwards married one Matthew 
Lumbert of Creech. Sidney E. Dodderidge. 

22 . Hawkins Family of Doddington, Somerset. — 
Could any reader say whether the tradition is correct which 
affirms that a branch of the Hawkins family resided for some 
years at Doddington Court, about the middle of the i8th century } 

Sidney E. Dodderidge. 

23. WiTHAM Friary Boundaries and Place Names 
(IX. 108, i8q, 346).— A few hours recently spent at Witham 
enabled me to make enquiries on the spot as to some of the 
field names, and I find that there is a pasture field of seven acres, 
bearing the name “ Hedstocks,” included in Witham Hall Farm, 
and that the lane from the Gare Hill — Frome Road {? Fromweia) 
to Quarry Hill, is known as “Hedstocks Lane.” This name, 
Hedstocks, I take to be the surviving form of Hachstok, Hactock, 
and Hachstock, mentioned in the charter of Henry II., and 
of Hedstoke described as pasture in the grant of 1544 to 
Ralph Hopton. (See IX. p. 108,) If one approaches Witham by 
Bunns Lane and the Gare Hill — Frome Road, the first step 
taken in the parish of Witham brings one into Hedstocks Lane, 
and the field bearing the same name is a few paces further 
within the parish, just over the bridge spanning the Frome. 
The farm (Witham Hall Farm) is at the North-East extremity of 
the parish. (By the way, why “Bunns Lane”.? Is it a mis- 
spelling for Burns Lane ? The lane crosses a small stream or 

The name Hachstock or Hedstoke probably has no con- 
nection with the somewhat similar name Hedgestokes, to be 
found marked on the map at the cross roads between Batcombe 
and Bruton, but the first syllable, it would seem, should rather be 
referred to the A.S. haca, the bolt of a door, a bar, said to be a 
rare ward {Skeafs Etym. Diet. s.v. Hatch (i)) another form of 
which (probably the English form) the same authority gives as 
hatch [Ibid). 

In the English Dialect Diet, we have “ Hatch 3., a small 
gate or wicket generally into a garden or put across a narrow 
road. . . . Hence Hatch-gate, sh., a gate at the junction of 

Parishes and Manors.” This would quite seem to be the mean- 
ing here, as the Eastern end of Hedstocks Lane (i.e., at the 
Eastern boundary of Witham Hall Farm and therefore of the 
parish of Witham) adjoins the parish of Marston, and is close to 
the boundary of the parish of Nunney. 

Stratmann’s Eng. Dict.,ed. by Henry Bradley, 1891, 

gives the word in another form hacche, s&., O.E. hcecc /.” and 
the meaning “ hatch, wicket-gate . . . (printed hatche.y’ 

Somerset Dorset Notes S* Queries, 


Isaac Taylor Words and Places, p. 246, says “ Names ending 
in hatch often indicate the ancient boundaries of forests from the 
hitch-gates which kept cattle from straying out of the forests. 
Thus Colney Hatch [Middx] marks the Southern boundary of 
Enfield Chase.” Pilgrim Hatch, in Essex, would similarly appear 
to mark the Eastern boundary of the old forest of Hainault. Used 
as a prefix the word is familiar to those interested in Somerset- 
shire in the name Hatch Beauchamp. (Cf. G.P.R. Pulman’s 
Local Nomenclature, 1857, p. 163 n. 4). 

I do not know what were the boundaries of the Forest of 
Selwood, but as the adjoining farms in the parish of Marston are 
West Forest Farm and Marston Forest Farm, it would seem not 
unlikely that the boundary of the forest and the boundary of the 
parish coincided at this point. Probably an inspection of the 
MS. Perambulation of the Forest of Selwood, preserved at Wells 
[Hist. MSS. Com., Rep. I, 93) would furnish some information as 
to this. 

I would therefore suggest that the name Hachstock means 
an enclosure (literally a stockaded place), or farm, at or near a 
hatch-gate. The later spellings, Hedstock and Hedstocks, may 
possibly be accounted for by a confusion of words, somewhat 
similar in form though different in meaning. As mentioned 
above, one form of the word haca is hacche (hatch). This may 
easily (in writing at any rate) have been corrupted into heccke or 
hecke, the latter a German word which has for one of its mean- 
ings hedge, the first three letters of which, it will be seen, are the 
first three letters in Hedstock. Whether this is a satisfactory 
explanation for the change in spelling must be left for others ter 
decide. Cf. Prof. Skeat’s Etym. Diet., s. vv. Hatch (i) & (2). 

We may, I think, probably attribute Hacheweie or Hache- 
weye to the same source. It is probably the way across which 
there was a hatch gate, in this case at the parish boundary, for I 
am not aware that the Forest of Selwood extended to the West 
of Witham, where this boundary must have been. I may as well 
here say that I do not believe this word has anything to do with 
The Hardway as I suggested (IX., p. 108) it might have. I think, 
however it may be identical with Hackney Lane which, situate in 
theparishof Upton Noble, comesup to the parish ofWitham onthe 
West. The boundary of these two parishes crosses it, and it is 
possible that it was at that point where the hatch gate was. The 
second syllable — ney, may have been added in later times by a 
confusion of ideas through the road being not much more than 
a bridle path, or it may be a survival of wey. (A. S. weg.) 

A field immediately on the N. of the farmstead now called 
Witham Hall Farm (but the original name of which I think was 
very likely Hachstock, the field called Hedstockes being on this 
farm and close to the farmstead) has the name Ham. For a full 
discussion of the two words ham, the one with the vowel short 

24 Somerset Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

and the other with the vowel long — Ham and Ham — reference 
must be made to Kemble’s Cod. Dipl. III., pp. xxvii and xxviii. 
See also Prof. Skeat’s Place Names of Cambridgeshire, 1901, Camh. 
Ant. Soc. Pub., XXXVI, p. 1 9, and New Eng. Diet. In the present 
case there seems little doubt that the word is Ham. and that it 
signifies an enclosed piece of ground with v/ater round it (in part) 
rather than a Home or collection of houses forming a village, for 
there seems nothing to suggest that the farmstead, which adjoins, 
was ever the centre of a collection of habitations. The field is 
bounded on two of its three sides by running water — the Frome 
and the Fishburn, for thus I shall call the stream which rises 
near Gare Hill and discharges itself into the Frome at this field, 
and which there is, I think, good reason for supposing to be the 
stream that formerly bore this name — but more of this presently. 
{cf. IX., p. 108.) Kemble, Cod. Dipl. p. xxxvii., says that it is 
probable that the word Ham denotes a piece of land surrounded 
by paling, wickerwork, etc., and so depended against the stream 
which would otherwise wash it away ; and from the position this 
field occupies it certainlv looks as if it may be liable to inunda- 
tion. T\\Q.New Eng. Diet, gives the meaning of Ham, sb'^. (used 
in Dorset and Somerset) ‘ a flat low lying pasture land near a 
stream or river’ and adds the following explanation of the word 
as used in W. Somerset. ‘‘ The word rather implies land subject 
to be flooded, but yet rich, and by no means swampy or wet 
land.” This description well suits the field under consideration. 

Another field a short distance to the west, also on the bank 
of the Frome is called Long Ham. It is a long narrow field 
lying low, but the river only runs along one side of it. “ Long- 
ham ” is mentioned as one of the meadows granted to Ralph 
Hopton (1544) See Som. Carth., p. 194. 

An adjoining field, also by the river side, is Ponds, still show- 
ing depressions where the Fish Ponds, probably of the Monks, 
formerly were. There is another field not far off called Pond 
Mead, and it is this name which gives strength, I think, to the 
suggestion that the stream flowing into the Frome at Ham is the 
Fishburn. The stream flows through Pond Mead and although 
no pond now exists in it, the formation of the ground appears to 
be such that probably a large pond was formerly there. If such 
was the case, as seems probable, it was very likely a pond 
for breeding fish, hence the name of the stream, which is 
quite a small one, and which without some such explanation 
would scarcely seem to deserve such a name. Apparently it is 
not an uncommon name for a stream. Cf. Geo. P. R. Pulman’s 
Local Nomenclature, 1857, p. 168; and Kemble gives a similar 
name Fisca-broc [Cod. Dipl., Ill, p. xiii.) 

Lane Batch is the name of a small field at Witham Hole Cot- 
tages (on the same farm). It has Hedstocks Lane on one side of 
it, and the Fishburn runs in the hollow along another side. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


Batch is a common word in place names, and is used in this part 
of Somerset for a small valley. (I have heard it so used at Upton 
Noble). See Skeat’s Etym. Diet., p. 784, s.v. Batch. But the 
word appears also to have the meaning of “ a valley through 
which a stream flows,” [English Dial. Diet.) which would equally 
well apply here. Compare, however, Pulman’s Loeal Nomenela- 
ture, p. 168, Note 2, where he defines Batch as used in the neigh- 
bourhood of Axminsteras a rough copse on a hill side. See also 
Prof. Skeat’s Plaee Names of Cambridgeshire, p, 45. 

The word Patch in Green Patch, a small field in the N. W. 
of the parish, may possibly be Batch in another form; but if so, 
the field is not so named on account of a stream flowing by it, as 
there is none near, and it may simply be a green patch, so called 
on account of its verdure and small size. 

Other names are Pen, probably a modern name, a pen or 
enclosure for sheep or cattle ; Upper and Lower Bowling Green ; 
Roundabouts § ; Drawing Ground ; Buildings, in which field there 
are said to be the remains of an underground passage of consider- 
able dimensions. "* *^Big and Little Torrys (.^), Burticks, and 
Lower and Middle Burticks. (Compare Este- and Weste-bytero.x 
in the Grant of 1544, and Estbitroy and Westbytroy, Som.Carth.^ 
194.) Little Wood still a meadow as in 1544 (Som. Carth., 194 ) 
Old Man Ten Acres, probably so called on account of its size, ten 
acres apparently being large for a field in this district, and I 
presume it was considered diabolically large. It is very irregu- 
lar in shape. Barrow Glaziers — the second word probably in- 
dicating a smooth surface. The first describes its position — near 
Barrow Wood. Monk Ground and Hilly Field (now in one) are 
probably the site (near Quarry Hill) of the Domus Superior of the 

H. W. Undekdown. 

24. Somerset Books and Magazine Articles, 1905. — 

Ainslie (Kathleen) Lady Tabitha and Us. 

Catharine Susan’s Little Holiday. 

Catharine Susan’s Calendar. 

Anthony (P. A.) The new route to the West of England, illus. 

Gna/ Western Railway Mag., Sept. 

Askwith (Venerable Archdeacon) The Gift of the Holy Spirit. 

Home Words, June. 

$ Roundabout and Roundabouts appear to be common field names in 
Essex. See W. C. Waller, F.S.A., Essex Field Names (Essex Arch. Trans.; 
1899, vol. VII, et seqq.). 

* These names are spelt as nearly as possible according to the local pro- 
nunciation, but I cannot vouch for the correctness of the spelling.-— H. W. U. 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

Bacon (F.) The Great Western Railway New Route to the West. 
Railway Mag., Aug. 

Balch (H. G.) Les Cavernes et les Cours d’eau Souterrains des 
Mendip Hills (Somerset, Angleterre) Explorations of 1901-4, 
reprinted from Bulletin et Memoirs de la Societe de Speleologie, 
Dec., 1904. 

Barrington Court, illus. Ulus. London News, 12 Aug. 

Bates (Percy) Thomas Barker of Bath, illus. Connoisseur, Feb. 

Bath. Neglected Spas. Daily Telegraph, 27 March. 

Bath Art Gallery. The Adoration of the Magi by Joseph Destr^e, 
illus. Connoisseur, June. 

Bath in the Eighteenth Century. Edinburgh Review, July. 

Bath and Wells Diocesan Kalendar, 1905, with frontispiece from 
an original drawing of Bruton Church by E. Sprankling and 
map of the Diocese. Edited by the Rev. E. H. Bates, M.A. ; 
cr. 8vo., xxxii + 296 pp. Taunton. 

Bernard, Canon, with portrait. Christian, 27 April. 

Brereton (R. P.) On the Characteristics and Classification of the 
Church Towers of Somerset, illus. ArchcBological Journal, 

Cooper (A. B.) The Bethlehem of Britain (Glastonbury) illus. 
Sunday Strand, Dec., 1904. 

Cordley (Clifford) The Chase of the Red Deer. A Day’s Work 
in Exmoor Forest. Daily Mail, 21 Feb. 

Cotterell (T. S.) Bath Stone, illus. Antiquary, March. 

Cox (]. L.) The Doones of Exmoor. Aihenceum, hxxg. 

Croscombe Church, illus. Treasury, April. 

Dunster Castle and its Associations, illus. Beacon, May. 

Dutton (Hon. J.) Cothelestone, illus. Architect, 6 Jan. 

Dykes (Henry Van) A Day among the Quantocks, illus. Scribner^ s 
Mag., June. 

Escott (T. H. S.) Concerning Country Houses. Leisure Hour, 
Jan., Feb. 

Exmoor, illus. Gentlewoman, 18 March. 

Fane (S. Ponsonby) Shoe Buckles, Ulus. Connoisseur, June, 

Fry (Sir Edward) Science and Education. Contemporary Review, 

Gataker (L.) Water under the Earth, illus. ; crown 4to. 46 pp. 


Glastonbury. Work at the British Lake Village. World's Work. 

Glastonbury; Its Abbey and its Apple Harvest. Daily Mail, 
12 Sept. 

Gray (H. St. George) Index to Excavations in Cranborne Chase 
and King John’s House; Tollard Royal; also a Memoir of 
General Pitt- Rivers, D.C.L., F.R.S., and a bibliographical 
list of his works, 1858-1900; royal 4to, Part I., 44 pp., part 
II., 52 pp. Taunton. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


Greswell (Rev. H. W. P.) Chapters on the Forests and Deer 
Parks of Somerset, with 2 maps, demy 8vo, xvi. + 312 pp. 


Hancock (Rev. Preb. F.) Dunster Church and Priory; their 
History and Architectural Features, with 15 illus. and map ; 
demy 8vo.. xii + 236 pp. Taunton. 

Haverfield (F.) On a Small Bronze Vase of Early Italian work 
found in Bath. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of 
London. Vol. XX. 2nd Series. 

Hemmons (W. C.) In Quantock Land. British Weekly^ 10 Aug. 

Hiley (F. E.) Caving at Cheddar, illus. Idler, March. 

Hocking (Joseph) The Chariots of the Lord, with 15 illus. ; 
crown 8vo, viii + 426 pp. 

Hood, The Right Honbl. Sir A. Acland. with portrait of, and 
Lady Hood. The King. 14 Oct. 

Howells (W. D.) A Fortnight in Bath, illus. Harper's Mag., Nov. 

Hunting on Exmoor, illus. Bystander, 8 Nov. 

Kruisinga (E.) A Grammar of the Dialect of West Somerset, 
descriptive and historical; demy 8vo., vi + 182 pp. 

Langford Manor, illus. Builder, 26 Aug. 

Lees (H.) The astonishing History of Henry Norris, illus. Wide 
World Mag., May. 

Lethbridge, Lady, and Sandhill Park, illus. Ladfs Pictorial, 
28 Jan. 

Littlewood (S. R.) Exmoor Border. Daily Chronicle, 15 Sept. 

By Severn Sea, Delight of Weston-super-Mare and Simple 

Somerset. Daily Chronicle, 18 Sept. 

Lockyer (Sir N.) Star Observance made in connection with the 
Stone Circles at Stanton Drew. Nature. 6 April. 

Loftus (Rev. W. J.) Brydon at Bath. Architectural Review, Aug. 

Marson (C. L.) Ballads. Commonwealth, Feb. 

Martin (A. Trice) Excavations at Salford and on Lansdown. 
Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London, Vol. XX. 
2nd Series. 

Moorhouse (Esther Hallam) Wordsworth in Somerset. Temple 
Bar, Feb. 

Morris, Cuthbert R., with portrait. Estates Gazette, 25 March. 

Piozzi (Mrs.) and Bath, with Portrait. Gentlewoman, 18 March. 

Rake (H.) Why the Somerset and Dorset became a Joint Rail- 
way, illus. Railway Mag., Jan. 

Rawling (Capt. C. G. ) The Great Plateau ; being an account of 
Exploration in Central Tibet, 1Q03, and of the Gartok Expe- 
dition, 1Q04-5, with illus. and 2 maps, 336 pp. 

Raymond (Walter) At the Rose in June. Nineteenth Century, Jan. 

In Quest of Spring. Daily Chronicle, 9 March. 

The Grouse at Home. Daily Mail, 3 Aug. 

The Lobster at Home. Daily Mail, 7 Aug. 

My First Grouse. Daily Mail, 12 Aug. 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 

Raymond (Walter) Harvest Pigeon Shooting. Daily Mail, 3 Aug. 

The Departure of the Birds. Daily Mail, 4 Oct. 

An Exmoor Festival. Daily Mail, 16 Oct. 

Jacob and John ; crown 8vo., viii + 430 pp. 

Richmond (W. B.) The Story of Somersetshire, with a new map 
of the County and upwards of 90 illus. of Abbeys and 
Churches, Castles and Manor Houses, and Famous Natives 
of Somerset; crown 8vo., 308 pp. 

Russell (G. W. E.) Sydney Smith; extra crown 8vo., viii + 242 pp. 

Shore (T. W.) An early Anglo-Saxon migration from East Sussex 
to the Vale of Taunton. Antiquary, July. 

Skey (Rev. F. C.) Politics in Petticoats and other Duologues; 
crown 8vo., vi -f 166 pp. Bristol. 

Snell (W. H.) A Notorious Poacher, with illus. of Dulverton and 
VVinsford. Methodist Recorder, Winter No. 

Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society’s Proceed- 
ings. Vol. L, 1904, with 19 iilus. ; demy 8vo., Part r, 
viii -f 86 pp. ; Part 2, 140 pp. Taunton. 

Somerset. Folk Songs from Somerset, gathered and edited with 
Pianoforte Accompaniment by Cecil J. Sharp and the Rev. 
C- L. Marson. Second Series ; demy 4to., xvi -f 76 pp. 


Somerset Place Names. Bristol Times and Mirror. No. i,Aug. 
26th, No. 2, Sept. 2nd, No. 3, Sept. 23rd, No. 4, Dec. 30th. 

Somerset Mediaeval Wills. Third Series, 1531-1558. Edited 
by the Rev. F. W. Weaver; foolscap 4to., xxiv-f 280. Som- 
erset Record Society. 

Somersetshire. The Garden of the West, illus. Country Gentle- 
man, 10 June. 

Spencer (J. H.) The Trinacria. The Covenant People, Feb. 

Stonehenge : its relative position with regard to other 

Ancient Works. Antiquary, ApL 

— = — - Jerusalem and Corfe. 

Vaughan (Rev. Canon) 'Sydney Smith. Longman s Magazine, ^\2Ly. 

Vinosius to Nigra. A Fourth Century Christian Letter written 
in Great Britain and discovered at Bath, now deciphered, 
translated and annotated by E. W. B. Nicholson, with collo- 
type facsimile of the original ; demy 8vo., 16 pp. 

Walker (Louisa) Dunster as a Sketching Ground, illus. English 
Illus. Magazine, March. 

Welby, Col. A. C. E , Conservative Member for Taunton, with 
portrait. The King, 20 May. 

With Fox and Stag in the West. Glohe, 18 Apl. 

Whistler (C. W.) A King’s Comrade, a Story of Old Hereford, 
illus. ; 392 pp. 

Wynter (M. V.) Summer Sport in Exmoor, illus. Lady's Realm, 


Edwin Pearce. 

Somerset S> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


25. Netherbury Court Rolls.— The following extracts 
are taken from some loose leaves in Netherbury Church safe which 
I have lately been sorting and codifying. They seem of some 
interest from the lists of names and places given. 

Edmund Nevill. 

Copy of the Court Roll of Netherbury in Terra or Yondover 

Manor 1647. 

20 Mar. 1647. We present all tenants who do not appear, 

That Jone Clare wid. held one Cottage called Peshay. . 4 acres 

Andrew Whethani next tenant to the house and backside 

Slape Wyre 4 

John Whetham to i a. arable lying next the [How ?] . . i 
Mary wife of T. Barret next tenant to the rest of the 
ground at Peshay call’d Barberidges 
Widow Dry next tenant to 2 acres joyning to Slape Wyre 2 
Coles, tenant to i a. lying next the farme , . , i 

Henry Hearne his Dwelling and premises at Snailscroft 
J. Paulet Gent, to Ann Brown all his Lands and Grounds 
called Yandover 

Ed. Clare to John Clare i close ar. i dit. meadow one 
tenement called Stroud 
Knight nominates Denselow 

3 closes call’d Westlake .. 3-^ 

John Stone, tenement — Knowle, 

Dry, one close arable .. .. 

Rose . . . . . . 1^ 

Mar. 30, 1649. I close called Goare .. 

Joan Dry with consent of her Husband surrenders one 

close arable . . , , 1^ 

John Stone to the use of Erasmus Hallet , . 8 

Dit. to the use of R. Knight . . 20 goads} 

To Henry Hearne, Dwelling House orchards and gar- 
dens at Hillgate 
James Mathews Little Broome 
,, ,, New Close 

Wm. Halcom i close at Greene Hill 

The Manor of Yondover. 

The Presentment of the Jury at a Court of Survey holden 
the 21 day of August 1649 by the Authority of Parliament. Im- 
primis we present that Rebecca Geare wid. is the fee farmer of 
the Manor aforesaid. Item., thatEdward Clare holds 2 Tenements 

viz., a dwelling house and meadow . . 8 ac. 

. n pasture 12 

,, arable .. 20 

James Mathews , . . , 6 

Philip Harwood ,, ,, 8 

Hawker , , . . 2 



Somerset S* Dorset Notes & Queries. 




Anne Clare 

pasture. . 



arable. . 




John Richards 

meadow. . 



arable. . 



pasture. . 

2 1 

April If, 1659. Mrs. Anne Browne wid. and Mrs. Joan 
Strode wid. surrendered Yondover containing 140 acres to R. 
Merefield of Crewkerne paying ;^i5 15. o., purchased for Mrs. 
Ann Cogan of Sadbury Devon grandaughter of Mrs Ellen Bragg 

Slape Manor 1663. 

Wm. Clare, Bradnam, viz. The old Tithing, Over- 
lease, Millcroft, Fishing Meade, Close call’d Four Acres, 
Broomclose, Crabbs Loft, higher part of Broadmead 

containing . . 47 ac. 

Yondover Manor. 

1696. John Clare of Strode surrenders the messuage or 
tenement known by the name of Strode Wood ; con- 
taining Strode Wood, Fursey Close, Higher Cross Close, 

Higher Beate, Lower Beate, Wiudfurlands . . 28 ac. 

1698. J. Arundel, Brinsum, viz. Smithcroftar, Longlands, 
Shortlands, Plyclose, Coade, Plunkets, Cow Close, The 
Moore . . • • 24 acres 

Oct. 21, 1700. Benjn. Crabb, Woodcombs and Closes 12 ac. 
Richd. Broadrep, 3 closes, one called Hill, i meadow, 

I arable. . 9-^ 

1720. Slape and Yondoverals Netherbury in Terra. David 
Symes of Newhouse surrenders Iwell als Filwell, viz. 

Twelvepenny Barn Close, Long Close, Little Close, Cow 
Lease, Moore, Great Bayley’s Mead, Little Bayley’s 
Mead, Oaty Close, Way’s Moore, Rye Errish, Slab, 
Snailscroft, Whittle’s Close, West Way, Apple Tree 
Close, Broomey Close, to the use of John Symes . . 48 ac. 

26. Tokens of Somerset and Dorset. — It may be use- 
ful to record a note of two tokens which are unpublished in Dr. 
Williamson’s edition of Boyne’s Trade Tokens issued in the Seven- 
teenth Century. 

I. ohv : Thomas Burridge. A rose. 

rev : In Taunton. 1663. T.E. with B. above. 

This surname is new among Taunton issuers, but it appears 
in the form of “ Burridg ” on a Chard Token of two years later. 
The family of this name appear to have taken a hand in Mon- 
mouth’s ill starred cause, as some half a dozen, including one 

-Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 31 

Thomas Burridge, appear in the gaol books of Jeffrey’s Assize 
{cf, : Inderwick’s Sidelights on the Stuarts), 

II. ohv : P.W. 69. 2^- Dorset. 
rev : blank. 

This piece is struck or cast in pewter, and is about the size 
of a farthing token of the period, but being somewhat corroded 
by contact with the soil a few of the letters are partly illegible. 

Apart from its rarity the token is chiefly remarkable for its 
high face value, if 2^- is rightly interpreted as two pence, seeing 
that no other 17th cent, token of our two counties exceeds a 
half-penny, the great majority representing a farthing only. 

The British Museum Authorities have examined the piece, 
but did not find any similar item in the National collection. The 
style of lettering shews a certain resemblance to that upon a 
leaden token found at Lyme (No. 95 in Mr. Udal’s list of Dorset 
issues), and it is therefore possible that the two pieces were the 
work of the same pair of hands. Some of those interested in the 
subject may be able to identify the P.W. of (16) 69, which might 
enable us to locate the Dorset parish in which the curious token 
was first circulated. Henry Symonds. 

It may also be useful to provide here a cross reference to 
another previously unchronicled Dorset issue (Castell of Cran- 
borne) which was noted by the late Dr. Wake Smart at III., p. 154. 

27. Dyer Family. — I should be obliged if any one can 
tell me the dates of marriage of (1) Sir William Dyer, ist 
Baronet, and Thomazina Swinnerton, and (2) Sir John Swinnerton 
Dyer, 2nd Baronet, and Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Rowland 
Johnson, of Gray’s Inn. 

The Cottage, Westhope, Craven Arms. E. H. Martin. 

28. The Mother of Elizabeth Shelford, Abbess of 
Shaftesbury. — In the Brocas Chapel, in the Church of Bramley, 
Hants, is the Brass of a lady beneath whose effigy is the following 
inscription : — 

cfjaxjttt fov snule nf nmpc sums 

tSHB p® tngf J 0 f|u Sf|0lf0cb 0 f ji® cits 0f l|arf 0 rtr csquict^ 
antr nt0biir 10 bams ^ttjabctli Sficlfurbc tjf tf|c 

manastecp 0J SfiaftgaUrirs tf|e i0f|icf| bgcb tf|c 0iii 

Pag 0f Huguaf g® gci^c af aug tai^P ccccctiii an tafiaac aautc 
itju ftaus nt’cg. 

There are also two shields of arms remaining, each bearing 
On a pale three roses, impaling a chevron engrailed between three 
boars’ heads erased at the neck. The matrices of two other, 
shields are unoccupied. 

This Brass has an interesting connection with Dorset, as the 
lady represented was mother of Dame Elizabeth Shelford, Abbess 
of Shaftesbury, and the inscription gives the latter’s parentage. 

32 Somerset cS* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

Gwen More lived just long enough to see her daughter’s pre- 

Of this Abbess Hutchins’ Dorset, 3rd edit., vol. III., p. 28, 
merely records that “ Elizabeth Shelford” was “elected 21 June, 
1 50+,rReg. Audley] ; occurs, as Mr. Willis, 1524.” Elizabeth Zouch, 
her successor, was elected about 1528. Elizabeth Shelford was 
one of the nuns of Shaftesbury at the time of her own election in 
1504. and at that of Margery Twyneo (Twyniho) in 1496; and 
Agnes Shelford was a nun at the election of Margaret St. John 
in 1460 (p.30). 

The name of Shelford is not of frequent occurrence. Henry 
Schelleford, or Shalford, Rector of ‘Mvnhed’ f not in Weaver) 
excnanged i6ih Aug., 1353 (Reg. Waltham) with Roger Tibring- 
ton, Rect :>r of Upwey, and left the latter preferment for the 
Rectory of Bulbrig, 1402. (Hutchins, II., 847). In 1404. as 
Henry Shelford, he became Rector of St. Mary at Hill, London, 
which he still held in 1422, but had removed before 1428. On 
Qth July, 1432, he was instituted to the Rectory of St. Clement 
Danes, on presentation of the Bishop of Exeter, and resigned in 
1434. He held the Prebend of Colwall, in Hereford Cathedral, 
1427-45, and was Dean of Hereford, 1434-45. (Hennessy’s Nov, 
Rep. Loud., pp. Ixxv, 128,305). The Antiquities of the Cathedral 
Church of Hereford, p. 225, states that he v'as elected Dean 20th 
Sept., and installed 26th Sept., 1434. That his relatives continued 
to be connected with Hereford appears likely from Hist. MSS. 
Com. Report, Hereford Corporation, where an account is given of 
the provision of accommodation for the Lord President of the 
Marches of Wales, 1557. “Item John Shelford to ffynde a 
bedde furnysshed into the palace in the chamber over the 

Other instances of the name are John Shelford, instituted to 
West Camel, Somerset, loth June, 1413, who resigned in 1417, 
when William Spaldyngton was appointed in his room, and he, 
or another John Shelford, was instituted 26th July, 1420, on 
Spaldvngton’s resignation, and held the living till his death, about 
147 1 . John Shalford, as prebendary, presented to Barton St. David, 
in 1427, 1431, and 1435 (Weaver’s Somerset Incumbents, pp. 43, 
18). The will of Tnomas Shelford, clerk of the Chancery, 
London, Canon of Wells, was proved in 1426(6 Luffenam, P.C.C.) 

The resemblance which the arms on the dexter half of the 
two shields, already mentioned, bear to those of Shaftesbury 
Abbey, should be noticed. Hutchins, III., p. 26, states that 
“ The arms of the Monastery were Azure, a cross flory between 
four martlets or. Dr. Tanner, in his Notitia Monastica, says they 
were Azure, on a pale sable cotised argent, three roses or. The 

■•For the last two references we are indebted to Mr. J. Challenor Smith. 

Somevset Dorset Notes Queries. 


former were in Wolveton house, and are those commonly given 
to King Alfred.” The pale on Gwen More’s Brass is, however, 
without cotises. 

Ordinary of British Armorials ^ p. 1009, gives the 
arms of the Convent as Argent, on a pale cotised sable, three 
roses of the first, and it is noticeable that he assigns Argent, on 
a pale double cotised sable, three roses of the first, to Schoffield 
and Schefeld^ giving Glover’s Ordinary as his authority. These 
arms, without the cotises, are assigned to Talcott, and a variation, 
— Sable on a pale argent three roses gules, seeded and slipped 
proper, — to Rose of Abington, Berks. {Ibid. p. 1006). 

The sinister impalement is not easy to identify. It may be 
intended for Edwards of co. Flint, and Shrewsbury, Salop, — the 
field gules, the heads argent. As Gwen presumably married a 
More as her second husband, the lost shields may have given his 
arms. The Mores lived at Sherfield upon Loddon, near Bramley. 

May we ask upon what authority the pale charged with roses 
is assigned to Shaftesbury Abbey } 

For the rubbing from which the illustration has been made 
and for very kindly interesting himself in providing the engraving, 
our best thanks are due to Mr. J. Challenor Smith. 

Dorset Editor. 

29. Notes from Wiltshire Registers. 


1706. May 4. John Besant and Mary Noris of Stowerpaine in 
Dorset with Lie. 

1709. Oct. 5. William Thorn of Pantridge and Mary Grant of 
this parish, with Banns. 

1712. John Spinney of Blandford and Sarah Cooper of Sarum, 
with Lie. 

1764. June 26. Harry Hill of Tarrant Muncton, Dorset, and 
Rebeccah Gumbleton of this parish, by Lie. 

1779. Oct. 6. Francis Gravel of ye parish of Horton, Dorset, 
Bachelor, and Jenny King of this parish. Spinster. 

1782. Sep. 9. Thomas Hardiman of Cranbourn, Dorset, 
widower and Harriot Herring of this parish. Spinster. 

1786. Dec. 9. Thomas Amey of Winbourn St. Giles, Dorset, 
Bachelor, and Flora Haskell, of this parish, by Lie. 

1802. Jany. 21. Edward Stanford of Gussage St. Andrew, 
Dorset, Bachelor, and Anne Newman of this parish. Spin- 
ster, by Lie. 

1802. Sept. I. Thomas Lacey of the Town and County of ' 
Poole, Bachelor, and Elizabeth Dixon of this parish, Spin- 
ster, by Lie. 

1811. Aug. 15. George Akery of Frome Sellwood, Somerset, 
Bachelor, and Jane Luke of Britford. 


34 Someyset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

1827. Oct. 18. Henry Crane Brice of Wavford, Somerset, and 
Martha Maria Augusta Roberts of Britford, by Lie. 

1832. Oct. 19. James Mouland of Cranborne, Dorset, and 
Eliza Cookman of Britford. 

1756. Banns of Alben Follet of Milbourn Port, Somerset, and 
Mary Searle of this parish, November. 

1782. Banns of James Porton of this Parish and Mary Trickle 
of Pentridge, Dorset, August. 


1813. May 3. Thomas Cowderoy of South Stoke, Somerset, 
widower, and Mary Ann Watts, spinster, of Ham, by Lie. 


1605. Feb. 6. Wm. Sarft of Truddox hill, Somerset, and 
Bridget, daughter of Thos. Heilman, parish clerk. 

Fisherton de la Mere. 

1597. May 30. John Wandsborrough, junior, son of John 
Wandsborrough de Bapton, ‘ Lanij,’ and Juliana Aylewood of 
Clowford, Somerset. 

1599. Dec. I. John Tanner of Telsford, Somerset, and Agnes 
Snelgar of Bapton. 

1601. June 9. William Norman of Melles, Somerset, and Eliza- 
beth fforster, daughter of Thos. fforster of Bapton, farmer. 

T. H. B. 

30 Church of St. Andrew, Colyton, co. Devon. — 
In the South Aisle of the Chancel, commonly known as the 
“ Pole Aisle,” under the east window, in the place of the ancient 
altar, (for there is a piscina in the south wall,) is a large tomb of 
Beer stone, 8^ feet long, 3 ft. 7 in. wide, and 4 ft. high. Around 
the sides are shields carved in the stone : — Pole of Cheshire imp. 
Pole of Devon, Pole imp. Manwaring, Pole imp. Capenhurst, 
Pole imp. Popham, Pole imp. Code, Pole imp. Tyther- 
leigh, Pole imp, Drake of Ashe. On the top of the tomb 
is a copper or brass plate containing a shield of twelve quarter- 
ings, amongst them the Bonville Mullets and the Ford of 
Musbury Poppy-plant rooted and fruited, and three crests. At 
the head of the tomb is a tall erection blocking up half the east 
window which has been walled up to receive it ; at the top of this 
is a cornice containing the shields round the sides of the tomb 
repeated, enamelled on copper; under this is a large shield carved 
in stone with fourteen quarterings and three crests; under this is 
a tablet with “ Pollet Virtus 1587 ” and under again a copper or 
brass plate with the following inscription : — 

“ Here lieth the body of William Pole late of Shute, esq. 
deceased who married Kateryn daughter of Alexander Pophm of 
Huntworth esq. y® said W^- was sonne of W“- and of Agnes, 

Somerset 6^ Dorset Notes S* Queries. 


daught. of John Drake of Aske Wm. sonne of John and of 
Edith daught. of Rychard Tytherleigh of Tytherleigh, John 
was sonne of John and of Jone his wife da: of Robert Code of 
Cornwall which John was sonne of Arture and of Johan da: and 
heire of John Pole whiche Arture was second sonne of 
Wm. Pole of Pole in Wirral in the County of Chester Knight and 
of his wife da: of William Manwaring of Pyver; he hath left 
behind only on sonne named William and on daught. named 
Dorothe married to Thomas Erie of Charbrough esquier, he 
dyed the xvth of August A° 1587 being the age of lxxii years 
and VI dayes.” 

On the north side of the tomb just described is a monument 
of stone against the wall measuring from the floor to the top 16^ 
feet high and 7 feet wide. On the top are three shields, the 
centre one bearing: — Az. a lion rampant arg. semde de fleurs de 
lys or Pole, impaling Arg. on a chief two bucks’ heads caboshed 
or, Popham. On either side is a lozenge bearing Popham only. 
Under in a cornice are four shields of Popham impaling their 
alliances, under which, in a recess with double pillars on either 
side, is a female figure kneeling in prayer with five sons in front 
and one daughter and the remaining portion of another behind ; 
then comes the following inscription : — 

“ Here lies the body of Katherin davghter of Alexander 
Popham of Hvntworthi in the Counti of Somerset esqvi*^ the 
sister of Sir John Popham Knight Lo: Chief ivstice of England 
lately the wief of William Pole esqvier the elder unto whom she 
brovght foorth William Pole Knight and Dorothe the wief first 
of Thomas Erie esqvier, secondly of Walter Vavghan Knight 
which were liveing and Alexander Hvgh Richard Arthur and 
Amy which died yovnge: shee died the 28 of October 1588 
unto the memori of whome S^ W“ Pole Knig’ her son hath set 
this monvment.” 

In the remaining space beneath is a large shield carved in 
stone of the arms of Pole only. 

Entries extracted from the parish registers of Colyton 
relating to the above inscriptions. 

1559. Alexander Powle sonne of Willm Poyle was christened 
the xxixth daye of October, 

1561. Willm Pole sonne of Willm Pole was’christened the xviith 
daye of Auguste. 

1559. Alexander Powell was buried the ixth of December. 
1556. Rycharde Poole sonne of Mr. William Poole of Shute, 
esquyer, was buried the seconde daye of Auguste. 

1568. Mr. Hewgh Poole the sonne of Mr. Wm. Poole of Shute 
esquyer, was buried the seventh daye of Januarye. 

1570. Arthur Poole the sonne of Willm Poole of Shute esquier, 
was buried the xiith daye of Aprill. 

36 Somerset Dorset Notes Qmries. 

1570. Ame Poole the daught of Willm Poole of Shute esquier, 
was buried the vith daye of June. 

From Shute Registers. 

1568. Arthur Pole sonne of the Rt. Worpll Wm. Pole esqr., was 
christened the xxth daye of June. 

1587. William Pole esqr. was buried the xxivth daye of Auguste. 

1588. Mrs. Katherine Pole was buried the ixth daye of 

1581. Thomas Earle of Byndon Axmouth was married to 
Dorothy daughter of y® Right Wor^^ William Pole of Shute 
the xxivth daye of December. 

Thomas Erie’s father was Walter Erie of Charbrough co. 
Dorset, and his marriage and the baptism of three children 
are recorded in the Colyton Registers thus : — 

1549. Walter Erie of Colcombe, gentleman, was wedded unto 
Mary Weeke one of the daughters and heyres of Weeke of 
Byndon the xxiith daye of October. 

1555. Honor Earle daughter of Walter Earle of Colcombe, 
gentleman, was christened the iiith daye of Auguste. 

1556. John Earle sonne of Walter Earle of Colcombe, 
gentleman, was christened the xxiiith daye of Januarye. 

1558. Brigget Earle daughter of Walter Earle of Colcombe, 
gentleman was christened the xvith daye of June. 

The William Pole, the surviving son, and who erected the 
two monuments to the memory of his parents, was the Antiquary 
and Historian of Devon. The following is the entry of his 
burial in the Colyton registers “ 1635 Sir William Pole Knight 
was buried the nynth daie of Marche.” He also erected a 
monument on the south side of his father’s in memory of his 
wife Mary “ beinge the eldest daughter and one of the foure 
heires of W. Periham of Fulford Knig. Lo : Chief Barron of 
y® Kings Majesties Exchquer.” She died in 1605. There is no 
memorial to him. 

A. J. P. Skinner. 

31. Dorset Recoveries. (VI. pp. 14, 116, 164, 213, 
254, 314, 343, VII. 17, 59, 107, 144, 196, 250, 298, 338, VIII. 
8,55, 127, 164,252,323, IX. 44, 84, 122, 165, 209, 263, 312, 






) — Richard Cannon Richard Hoddglowe v. 
J Thomas Taunton John Holman . — A mes- 
suage in Weymouth and Melcombe Regis. 
(Vouchee, John Hodder, gen.) 

— William Young, Esq. v. Robert Young, Esq . — 
Manor of Lyme Abbis alias Sherborne 

Somerset cS* Dorset Notes Queries. 




20 1 





Hil. 2ist & 22nd 
years. 44 





— Thomas Allen., gen. v. William Talhott, gen . — 
Manor of Stock Gaylard alias Stock Colliard 
& 20 messuages, 320 acres there & in 
Candle & Pyle & the advowson of Stock 
Gaylard. (Vouchee, William Lewys, gen.) 

} ^John Hardy, Esq., George Style, Esq. v. 
George Parry, gen.. & Thomas Ahington, gen. 
— Manors of Calew Weston, Newname, Har- 
grove, & Knighton & 15 messuages, i 
watermill, i pigeoncot, 709 acres, & rents, 
in these places & in Stalbridge Weston, Stal- 
bridge, Thornehull, Haselbeere Bryan, Lin- 
nington, & Beerehackett. (Vouchee, Wil- 
liam Weston, Esq.) 

— Henry Grimsteed, &> Timothy Howlett, gen. 
V. George Parry, cS* Thomas Ahington, gen . — 
4 messuages & 2 gardens in Bridport & in 
the parishes of St. Trinity and All Saints 
Dorchester. (Vouchees, Richard Gibbs, gen., 
& Ferdinan Gibbs, gen.) 

) — Andrew Loder, gen. v. Charles T witty, gen., 
j George Raintor, gen. — Manors of Athelharnp- 
ston &c. (Same estate as in Trinity 21st 
year, membrane 128). (Vouchees, Ralph 
Bankes, Knt., & Mary his wife.) 

— Humfry Bishopp &> John Churchill, Esq., v. 
John Strode, Knt. — Manors of Parneham, 
Wansley,Chantmarell, Stoke alias East Stoke, 
Rushton, Godmanston alias Godmiston, & 
Strode, & 100 messuages, 4 watermills, 4 
pigeoncots, & 8100 acres & rents in Cat- 
stock, East Stoke, Godmanston, Lidlinch, 
the precincts of Blackmore, Broadwinsor, 
Netherbury, Halletts, Doune, Heustocke, 
Horne, Hickney, Tomvills, Wormestall, 
Beaminster, Doune Frome, Shafton, Bland- 
ford, & Great Tollyer, & the advowsons of 
East Stoke & Godmanston. (Vouchee, 

William Strode, Esq.) 

— John Fry, gen., v. Thomas Fry, gen. — A mes- 
suage & 50 acres in Bedishurst alias Bed- 
sister & Fountmell. 

— Antony Rogers, gen., v. John Nicholls, gen . — 
3 messuages & 157 acres in Caundlemarsh, 
Beere Regis, & Holwell. (Vouchee, 

Thomas Gollop, junior, gen.) 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries, 

Ditto I John Fisher, gen., v. Antony Etteviche, Esq., &» 
20 ' t George Johnson, Esq. — Manors of Leweston, 

Long Burton, Little Burton, & Holnest, & 
30 messuages and 4320 acres in Leweston, 
Long Burton, Burton Parva, Holnest, Can- 
dle Bishopps, Candle Marsh, Folke, Bishopps 
Doune, Fauntleroyes Marsh, Ashcombe, 
Linnington, Overlinnington, Stockbridge, 
Knighton, Beerehackett, Sherborne, Dor- 
chester, Heringston Parva alias Hathering- 
ton, & Charmister, the rectories of Long 
Burton, Holnest, North Wootton, Whittfield, 
& Bayley, & the advowsons of the church of 
Leweston & of the vicarage of the church of 
Long Burton with the chapel of Holnest. 
(Vouchee, John Fitzjames, Knt.) 

[To be continued^ F. J. Pope. 


32. Minehead, a History of the Parish, the Manor 
AND THE Port, by the Revnd. Preb. F. Hancock, M.A., F.S.A. 
pp.x, 468. Taunton, 1903. 

Dunster Church and Priory by the Revnd. Preb. 
F. Hancock, M.A., F.S.A. pp. x., 236. Taunton, 1905. 

All lovers of the beautiful scenery of West Somerset will be 
extremely thankful to Mr. Hancock for the pains and care he has 
taken over the histories of the important centres of Minehead and 
Dunster. Small guide books are useful, but when one really 
loves a district, one looks for something more substantial than a 
mere guide book. This has now been provided for us. The 
headings of the chapters will show the lines on which the author 
has worked. 

Minehead Parish and Town, the Advowson and Vicars, 
Manor, Port, Political History, Charities, Worthies, Folk-Lore 
and Flora. 

Dunster Church, Priory, Church Plate, Advowson, Church 
Accounts, Churchwardens (1599-1904), Overseers (1650-1716). 

The chapter on the Port of Minehead is particularly inter- 
esting and valuable, it shows what an important place Minehead 
has been from the year 1380, which is the earliest mention of the 
port there, but probably it existed much earlier than this. 

A terrier of Dunster Vicarage (p. 123), dated Aug. 19, 1634, 
informs us that the Vicar received lod. for a wedding and 4d. for 
a churching. 

Our limited space prevents us from dealing as fully as we 
would wish with these books; in conclusion, we will add that 
they are both profusely and excellently illustrated. 

2 . 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


33. A Manual of Costume, as Illustrated by Monu- 
mental Brasses, by Herbert Druitt. With iio illustrations. 
Alex. Moring, Ld., De la More Press, 32 George St., Hanover 
Sq., London, 1906. Pp. xxii+384. Price los. 6d. net. 

The purchaser of this volume will find that he has obtained 
for a very moderate sum a valuable treatise on English sepulchral 
Brasses, written with particular reference to the costumes which 
they illustrate. The author prepares the way for this special 
treatment of these memorials by an introduction dealing with 
Brasses in general, in which he sums up what may be said relat- 
ing to the origin of Brasses, their material, cost, mode of engrav- 
ing and artists employed, the styles which have prevailed in 
various centuries, and the vicissitudes to which they have been 
exposed in later times. Flemish Brasses in England are also 
described, and other matters of interest discussed. 

The main body of the work is divided into six chapters, on 
Ecclesiastical, Academical, Military, Civilian, Legal and Female 
Costumes as represented on these memorials. These several 
divisions are treated in much detail, and with great perspicuity, 
with copious references to existing specimens and their dates, 
known or approximate. In fact, the whole work is so replete 
with information from beginning to end, carefully marshalled, 
and accompanied by numerous footnotes for matter which would 
overload the text, that it is a pleasure to peruse the pages. 

There are three Appendices, and the volume closes with 
comprehensive Indices of Persons, Places and Costume, in double 
columns, occupying pp. 63. The plates also are numerous and 
carefully chosen to illustrate the subject. 

We do not hesitate to say that this is an admirable work, 
and we are only uncertain whether to praise more highly the ful- 
ness of detail, or the lucidus ordo with which the materials have 
been classified and arranged. It is a book which will be prized 
by everyone interested in this branch of archaeological research. 

The author, as stated in the Preface, is engaged upon a 
Bibliography of Brasses, which, as it would have unduly increased 
the size of the book, will be printed separately at a later date. 

34. Somerset Medieval Wills. (Third Series) 1531- 
1558. Edited by the Rev. F. W. Weaver, M.A., F.S.A., 
Honorary General Secretary of the Somersetshire Arch, and Nat. 
His. Soc. 1905. pp. xxiii + 279. qto. 

We have before us the third series of Somerset Medieval 
Wills, 1 53 1- 1 558, and gladly welcome this addition to the publi- ’ 
cations of the Somerset Record Society, of which it is the 
twenty-first volume. This work, as might be anticipated from 
our knowledge of the previous volumes of wills, has been most 
carefully edited by Mr. Weaver, who has made the subject of 


Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries. 

Somerset Wills his own, and it completes the abstracts of such 
documents in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, from the 14th 
century to the beginning of the reign of Elizabeth. 

These wills relate to persons in various ranks of society, and 
this volume contains those of three Bishops (John Clerke and 
William Knight, Bishops of Bath and Wells, and Thomas Chard, 
Bishop of Selymbria), two Deans of Wells (William Cousyn and 
Richard Wollman), and three Lay Lords (John, Lord Fitzwarren, 
William, Lord Stourton, and Richard, Lord Zouche), besides 
Knights, Ladies, and others. 

Several of the wills touch upon families dwelling in neighbour- 
ing counties, such as that of Joan Lady Wadham (p. 197), which 
gives many particulars relating to tire Cheverells of Chartmarle 
in Cattistock parish, Dorset, which the existing pedigrees of the 
family do not disclose — and those of Ralph Hannam (p. 17 1) and 
Joan Hannam (p. 205), which concern the Mayhews of 

Dinton, Wilts. These last two wills illustrate the great diversity 
in the spelling of this name, which here appears as Maye, Mayo, 
Maiowe and Mayowe. 

The “ Master John Baker,” who is mentioned in the will of 
John Hakehad (p. 7) is doubtless John Elton alias Baker, Canon 
Res. of Sarum, who died in 1547, whose will is in 48 Alen. 
The scholars “ de valle Sarum,” belonged to the College De 
Vaux,®formerly situated near the south gate of the Close of 
Sarum, where the name still survives in “ De Vaux Place.” 

It is amusing to notice how “Dilapidations” were a thorn 
in the side of medieval ecclesiastics as of their modern succes- 
sors, and Dean Cousyn’s lamentation might be appropriate to- 
day; “ As touching dilapidation I ought to pay noon, on my 
conscience, for I had noon, and yet I have meynteigned all 
charges till this day.” 

Many other interesting allusions might be culled from this 
book, but for these we refer our readers to the volume itself, 
which is well supplied with a Preface and Notes, and Indices 
Testatorum, Rerum, Locorum et Nominum. 


35. Scottish Historical Review. Vol. III. No. 10. 
January, 1906. Quarterly, 2s. 6d. Glasgow, James Mac- 
Lehose and Sons, Printers to the University, 1906. 

If our readers are in quest of a quarterly magazine, dealing 
with Scottish History and Archaeology, we gladly recommend to 
their notice the above named publication. The articles it 
contains are both solid and full of interest. In the current 
number is a paper by Andrew Lang, dealing with Portraits and 
Jewels of Mary Stuart, with ten full-paged portraits, as well as 
several communications on other subjects, from other well-known 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 41 

36. Inquisttiones Post Mortem for Dorset. (VIII. 
pp. 185,233, 281, 329, IX. pp. 49, 96, 145, 193, 241, 289, 337.)— 

No. 100. ^tUiam Belet. 

Inquisition taken at Porstok on Tuesday in the week of 
Pentecost, i Edw. i [1273] before Walter de Wyke sub-escheator 
in CO. Dorset by the oath of Henry de Cattesclive, Henry de Eker- 
don, Henry de Kenndecumh, Robert de Bynghayn, Thoynas de Chilte- 
cumh, Guy de Breheleford, Robert de Hoke^ Williayn de Porton, John 
de Hecche^ Robert de Upscurtel, William de Molendino and Heyiry 
de la Throp, who say that 

William Belet formerly enfeoffed Heyiry de Novo Burgo oi the 
manor of Swere: to hold to him and his heirs, but neither the 
said Henry de Novo Burgo nor William de Monte Acuto, Geoffrey 
de Nevill and Helewys his wife or John de la Lynde^ holding the 
said manor of Swere, had seisin of the homage and service of 
John de Turry by the successive assignment of William Belet^ so 
that John de la Lynde was never seised of the homage and service 
of the said John de Turry, but the said Wiiliayn Belet died seised 
of the homage and service of the said John. At no time after 
the death of the said Williayn Belet did the said John de Turry 
do homage or service to the heir of the said Williayn or to any 
other up to the present time. 

Be it known that Williayn Belet lately deceased held all his 
lands of the King in chief by barony and sold the said lands in 
small parcels so that nothing remained to him on the day that 
he died except only the homage and service of John de Turry 
who lately died and whose heir is within age and his lands in the 
wardship of the King so that no one after the death of the said 
William Belet up to the present time did homage or relief to the 
King for the said barony by the which he might obtain the in- 
heritance of the said William. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. i Edw. i. File 4. n. 2. 

No. 1 01. Robert Belet* 

Inquisition taken before Ralph de Middelnye, escheator, at 
Dorchester 18 February, 12 Edw. 3 [133b], by the oath of Henry 
Shyrard, Walter Heryng, John de Wermewell, Alexander de Water- 
coyyibe, John de Pokeswell, Thomas le Moigne, William Ranks, 
Williayn de Chaldecote, Ralph Talehot, John atte Mulle, Henry 
Synedemor and John le Syyiith, who say that 

Robert Belet did not hold any lands or tenements of the King 
in chief on the day that he died in my bailiwick, but he held in ■ 
his demesne as of fee certain lands and tenements in Gaulton 
in CO. Dorset of the heir of Lord Roger de Mortuo Mari Earl de 
la Marche, by knights service, viz., i messuage with a garden 
which is worth per ann. i2d., 17 a. of arable land which are worth 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

per ann. los. gd., price of the acre 3d., 7 a. of meadow worth per 
ann. ys. 6d., price of the acre ifd. 

The said Robert Belet likewise held on the day that he died i 
messuage and 24 a. of arable land at Tynkelden in the said county 
of the Abbot and Convent of Abbodesbury by the service of 3s. per 
ann. for all services : the said messuage is worth per ann. i8d., 
the said 24 a. of land are worth per ann. 8s., price of the acre 4d. 

William Belet son of the said Robert is his next heir and is 
aged 30 years and more. Chan. Inq. p.m. 12 Edw. 3. n. 20. 

No. 102. Qlilliam Belet. 

Inq° taken at Re. . . . on Wednesday in the feast of St, Kath- 
erine the Virgin, 12 Richard 2 [1388], before Roger Manyngford^ 
escheator, by the oath of Andrew Souger (?), Henry Lech^ Roger 

Souger, William Schephurd, William Keymber^ William Je ^John 

Morton, William Durneford, William TrmheldourQ) Edward Thurs- 
teyn, Roger Bniet and John Scudemour (?) who say that 

William Belet deceased, did not hold any lands or tenements 
in the said county of the King in chief on the day that he died, 
but he held i messuage and i virgate of land in Gaulton jointly 
with Joan his wife, who still survives, of the gift of William vicar 
of the Church of Styntisford made to the said William Belet and 
Joan and the heirs of their bodies, so that if they should happen 
to die without heirs of their bodies then the said tenements 
should wholly remain to the right heirs of the said William Belet 
for ever, as of the fee of Edmund de Mortuo Mari late Earl of 
March, being within age and in the 'wardship of the King, by 
knights service. 

He also held jointly with the said Joan his wife i messuage 
and 30 a. of land in the said town of the Abbey of Byndon by 
the service of i lb. of wax, to be paid to the said abbot and his 
successorsatthefeast of the Assumption ofthe Blessed IMary yearly. 

The said messuage and virgate of land are worth per ann. 
clear 40s., and the said messuage and 30 a. of land, 20s. 

The said William Belet died 14 August last past, Joan, aged 
I year and a half, and Cnstina, aged 10 weeks, are his daughters, 
and next heirs. Chan. Inq. p.m. 12 Ric. 2. n. 5. 

No. 103. Benecotnbe ffianor. 

Inquisition taken before Edmund Fitzherberd, Roger Manyng- 
ford, William Payn and Stephen Derby, justice of the lord the 
King, at Dorchester on Monday next after the feast of the Epiph- 
any of the Lord, 49 Edw. 3 [1376], to enquire what customs and 
other services as well the free tenants as the natives and tenants 
at will of the manor of Benecombe, which is parcel of the tem- 
poralities of the priory of Frompton, as well in the time of 
William Neeget the last prior of the said priory as in the time of 
Laurence de Brioto his next predecessor and of any other prior 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries.. 


there, heretofore did and of ri^ht ous:ht to do, by the oath of 
John W ermwyll, John Meyre, Ralph Sparynton^ Walter Mortemer^ 
Thomas Gosselyne, Richard Gylle, John Deygher, John Drayton, 
Walter Heryng, Roger Watercoumhe, Robert Briit and Henry 
Whytclyf, who say that there is no free tenant in the said manor, 
and that Michael Reynald, Thomas Paul, junior, Thomas Paul, 
senior, Richard Cartere, John Portland, John Reynald, Richard 
Reynald, Edward Borde, Nicholas Bosh, Richard Bosh, Thomas 
Paid, “ schephurde,” William Bysschup and Walter Bysschup, 
natives, tenants, and John Mychell, Stephen . . . , Reginald Black, 
Thomas Clerk, Edward Hobbe, William Stoke, Thomas Mychel, 
John Punet (?) and John Bayly, tenants at will, ought to do and 
of old time were wont to do all the rents, customs and services 
underwritten, as appears in a certain schedule hereto annexed, 
and that John Payl, Thomas Stoke and Edward Borde, cottars, 
ought to do the service as more fully appears in a certain schedule 
hereto annexed. 

Benecombe. Customars there. There are there 25 half vir- 
gates, each of which contains 1 1 a. in the whole ; also 3 houses of 
workers, whereof i house holds 4 a. of land altogether, except 
Overlond, the other 2 hold nothing except pieces of Overlond. 
There are there 4 houses for cottars, and they pay per 
ann. as of ancient custom . . . besides Overlond of stych- 
gavel. For the overlond they ought to give in common at the 
feast of Trinity 2s. 7^d., and at the feast of St. Michael 2s. yjd., 
and for stychgavel they ought to give in the east field 5s. pd., 
and in the west field 6s. The stychgavel is always paid at the 
feast of St. Michael. 

All the men after they shall have bound up their sheaves 
shall join their oxen to make “ Mereden ” and plough the land 

drav^ing to the plough in all places with the oxen of the 

lord to wit, in the west field on the south part from Puscumbes- 
weye up to Clandenesoorde and so towards the north on the 
west part of the waterfury, and ascending in Holecombe so to- 
wards the east . . . coumbe Hothfelde. In the east field they 
shall have pasture from the north corner of the garden of the 
lord by the Sutteweye towards the east and this on the south part, 
but this aforesaid of the 2 fields lasts up to the feast of St. Mar- 
tin. The fields omitted on each part they shall commence in 
the vigil of St. Michael with their oxen unless there shall be a 
great abundance of . . . that the lord shall abstain with his oxen 
for the week or the quindene after the feast of St. Michael. 
They say that of custom they shall find for the lord 2 workdays, 
at the winter sowing for the sowing of wheat, and of custom each 
plough shall have i white loaf and 2 loaves “ sarr ” ale and i 
dish of meat of ox or sheep, i quarter of a goose and cheese. 
And each man having a plough horse shall .provide it twice to 
harrow the land of the said, workdays and shall harrow as much 

44 Somerset &> Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

as the said ploughs shall plough in the said dayswork and each 
man harrowing shall have i . . loaf “saf” and “companage” 
If they shall harrow with their horses for the lord, for the work 
they shall have 2 works by the day up to the feast of All Saints, 
because from the feast of All Saints up to the Purification of the 
Blessed Mary they shall only have i work And for marrying 
their sons they shall do the will of the lord, nor shall they sell 
any pullet after the separation without licence And for every 
pig superannuated they shall give at the feast of St. Martin id., 
and if it be of less age ^d. A smith if he be a stranger, cannot 
demand any custom except what by agreement is granted. If 
any one shall have obtained an ox or a calf without licence, he 
cannot sell it. Who will not do the works in autumn shall do 
the will of the lord, nor is anything certain appointed. On the 
days of the hundred the ploughmen shall have no dinner of cus- 
tom except by grace, in the same way with the shepherds. The 
lord may demise lands and tenements at Frompton or elsewhere 
to whom he will although he be born at Benecomb. In the vigil 
of St. Michael they may commence with their heifers and steers 
as they first commenced with their oxen as is aforesaid and this 

after they pay their herbage before the gth hour 

shall have their cows, heifers and steers for . . . fields so that 
there be no defence against them up to the Morrow of the 
Epiphany of the Lord. Also each one holding half a virgate of 
land ought to have i ox or a cow, heifer or steer on the day of 
St. Martin who if he has any on the same day shall pay for the 
rem.ainder, to wit, for i ox 3d., for i cow 3d., for a heifer or 
steer of 2 years ijd., and for a heifer of i year and a half id. 
And if any shall wish to sell an ox, cow, heifer or steer on the 
day of St, Martin he shall give the moiety of the herbage, but if 
he shall sell an ox, cow, heifer or steer, and shall keep it up to 
the feast of St. Andrew the Apostle that day being counted, he 
shall give the residue of the herbage on the Morrow of St. 
Andrew. Also if any one shall wish to kill an ox, cow, heifer 
or steer for his larder he shall only give the moiety of the her- 
bage. On the day of St. Martin they shall give for a pig sold 
upon the lord’s land, before the feast of Trinity id., but if he 
shall sell it between the feast of Trinity and the Exaltation of 
Holy Cross they shall give ^d., and if he shall sell it after the 
Exaltation of Holy Cross and before the feast of St. Martin they 
shall give nothing. Also of custom on the day of St. Martin 
they ought to pay of chersete, to wit, i cock and 3 hens. And 
they mav on the dav of St. Martin of custom commence with 
their sheep and hoggasters in the west field on the s.outh part 
of Puscumbesweye up to Clandenesforde and so towards [the 
meadow] on the west part of la Waterfury, and so ascending to 
Holecomb, and so towards the east by the Combe Hothfeld up 
to the Purification of the Blessed Mary, and then by the whole 

Somerset Dorset Notes <S- Queries* 


of that field. On the day of St. Martin in the east field they 
may commence with their sheep only on the south part of the 
C. . . .weye to harrow (?) in the south (?) field, viz., the Swyfor- 
longe and Groches forlong up to Groches ... so they shall 
harrow all the land of the villeins, and so equally towards Mainis 
on the south part up to Waleburs, . . . and from Waleburs on 
the north part up to the Portweye towards the west until the 
Purification of the Blessed Mary, and afterwards throughout all 
that field on the side of Churchull and Middelhull. And they 
ought to take barton always between the feast of St. Martin and 
the Nativity of the Lord, and by the Ryng always at Benecumb, 
and I quarter thereof ought to be kept on behalf ef the lord, and 
it ought to be given to 3 or 4 keepers .... next . . . and 
there to be sold between the Nativity of the Lord and the feast 
of the Apostles Peter and Paul, and they ought to commence for 
I penny .... is sold, and the barton ought of right to be so 
well cleansed as possibly may be . . . and without “ vannar.” 
Further they say that a reeve of 4 ploughs, 3 houseworks, 4 cot- 
tars of “ fonte ” and 10 workers of the dairy and i smith ought 
to have on the vigil of the Nativity of the Lord each of them i 

loaf of “ sarr,” i dish of meat for his food shall have 

at ... . for their food And of custom all men holding land 
ought . . . Nativity of the Lord to dine with the lord at Bene- 
comb. Moreover they ought commonly of custom to harrow the 
lord’s land . . . with wheat in the time of winter if the lord will 
have it sown with oats, and each plough horse shall have i mess 
of oats for his food for as many days as he shall be at the harrow- 
ing of the said land, and the said mess shall contain the 8th part 
of I bushell. If a male steer shall be a calf and be placed under 
the yoke it ought not to be sold without the lord’s licence, and 
if it is sold and the lord shall wish to have it, he shall have it . . 
cheaper than any other, and if at no time it shall be under the 
yoke, it can be well sold without the lord’s licence. If any male 
foal of I year be foaled upon the lord’s land it ought not to be 
sold without licence, but if it be within i year, it may well be 
sold without licence. And a male pig of i year ought not to be 
sold without licence, but if any of the aforesaid be bought, they 
may well be sold without licence. And of custom the lord ought 
to find I horse to breed with the mares, i bull and i plough 
horse. At the hockday each man shall have i sheep quit at his 
fold, and for the rest they shall pay to the lord for every 5 one - 
penny, and so ... , and if i, 2 or 3 in the fine ^d, and if 4 one 
penny. At hockday they shall put their oxen, cows, heifers and 
steers, foals and pigs, if they have any upon Pothull and' 
Myddehull to pasture, and between hockday and the Nativity of 
St. John the Baptist when the east field shall [be sown] with 
wheat they shall have the hill upon la Coumbe between la Portwey 
next Snak forlonge . . . with their beasts, sheep excepted, and 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries, 

from the Nativity of St. John the Baptist to the Advincula of St. 
Peter they shall have them upon the . . . Coumbe on the north 
part of the east corner of the lord’s garden towards the west up 
to the Portweye. Moreover the oxen of the villeins shall feed 
with the lord’s oxen in the east field there except the meadow in 
the west field if the lord shall put his oxen on Clandon or . . . 

his oxen on the hill next Clanden upon Hothfeldun on the north 
part of Clanden. On the day of the Nativity of St. John the 
Baptist each man holding half a virgate of land shall have i ox 
or a cow in common, and if he shall not have an ox or a cow he 

shall have a heifer put in common of the lord the 

day after dinner they shall pay for the ox i^d., for the cow i^d., 
for the heifer fd., and for the steer -Jd. And when the east field 
shall be sown with wheat, then they shall commence in the marsh 
with the cows, heifers and steers on the day of the Nativity of 
St. John the Baptist after dinner, and if any shall wish to sell on 
the same day an ox, cow, heifer or steer he shall give only of 
herbage unless he shall keep them up to the Advincula of St. 
Peter, that day being reckoned, he shall give all the herbage on 
the morrow of St. Peter Advincula. If a cow shall calf, so long 
as it shall give milk to the said calf, herbage shall be given for 
the said calf although it shall be . . . or . . . They owe also 
the underwritten money for the barton on the morrow of the 
Apostles Peter and Paul. And they shall begin . . . hull from 
the day of St. Peter Advincula with cows, heifers and steers and 
plough horses ; and if they shall trespass in the lord’s corn before 
the hockday [they shall be taken] into the lord’s hand by the 
bailiff and reeve according to the quantity of the damage by their 
estimation, but if they shall break in between the hockday and 
the Advincula of St. Peter to the lord’s corn, the corn ought to 
be appraised with the sheaves, so that they ought to pay to the 
lord 2 sheaves for i breaking through, and they ought to have 
oxen, sheep and all their animals each year in Hothfelde (.^) 
throughout the whole year, except sheep, when the field is sown 
with wheat. They ought also to have the oxen and old cows to 
be killed for the larder, wheresoever with the calves, and there is 
no defence against the calves [so that] the corn and meadow of 
the lord may not be reaped. They can also have their oxen, 
cows, heifers and steers from hockday up to the Nativity of St. 
John the Baptist and feed them by the boundaries in the winter 
field if it be necessary. And when the sheep shall lamb, they 
may assist them in the winter field by the old boundaries [and] 
in their own proper corn without damage of the lord and their 
neighbours up to Easter. They ought also to weed in the lord’s 
corn without works (?) from 9 up to vespers all holding land of 
custom, the sheepfold excepted. Afterwards if they shall weed 
for the day, they shall have 2 works, if for half a day, i work. 
They ought also to reap and carry the lord’s meadow and on 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &• Queries. 


account thereof each man shall have i work, and 2 men 3 loaves, 
and they shall have according to the better sheep or cow or 
“ coylard ” in all their fold, and according to the best cheese in 
the whole dairy of Benecomb, or i cheese of h rompton. More- 
over they ought to carry home the lord’s hay or make a rick of 
the hay and they shall have . . . and ale for dinner on the day 
of the Advincula of St. Peter by the day, but if they are 2 days 
over the rick they shall have 2 works, but if they shall do them 
within the Advincula of St. Peter they shall have only i work by 
the day ... as much as he has with the plough horses and carts, 

then they shall have their in the Heymede of the lord’s 

foals in the winterfields, foals superannuated excepted. Also all 
the cottars ought to carry the meadow which is called the 
Brodemeadowe, making ricks of hay for half a day. And all the 
customars [and] tenants with 3 houses ought to work .... to 
do one work, except the reeve, the shepherd and 3 ploughmen 
from the Advincula of St. Peter up to the feast of St. Michael, 
Sundays, feast days commonly celebrated and Saturday excepted. 
And if any man or widows shall be detained by severe illness, so 
that they are lying in bed and cannot move from their bed for so 
many days . . . for so many days he ought to be allowed from 
the works, and if for the whole Autumn he shall not move from 
his bed, all his works ought to be allowed him [by the lord.] 
If they reap, they ought to have for half an acre 4 sheaves in la 
Rewe, neither better nor worse. And [if they cannot] reap the 
aforesaid half acre for the storminess of the wind, then of like 
soil for I day they ought to reap la. where there shall be most 
need. They shall carry from the Brodemede (?) up to the house 
and first they shall carry for half a day with their carts of custom 
and shall have i work and 4 sheaves; then they shall have young 
horses in their demesne harrowings bound after themselves, then 
let them have their sheaves collected and they shall have every- 
where .... And if they shall have oxen or cows drawing before 
their carts, they shall have them everywhere in the harrowings 
with the lord’s oxen for the same time. Also if they shall carry 
the lord’s corn home for half a day, they shall have i work and a 
half and 6 sheaves ; if for a whole day, they shall have 3 works 
and 12 sheaves. If a man shall be in the lord’s grange making 
haycocks or threshing, or elsewhere within the metes in the lord’s 
service while the sheaves are being collected in autumn, he shall 
have 2 works and 8 sheaves: if a man go outside the metes for 
the lord’s service he ought to have his corrody and 2 works, and 
this for the whole year unless it shall be between the feast of All 
Saints and the Purification of the Blessed Mary because in that 
term he shall only have i work and his corrody. If they shall 
collect stubble for i work, they ought to collect 8 “ upas” so that 
each “upas” contains 10 sheaves for i work, or if a man for 
half a day getting stubble for i work, and the measure of the 


Somerset & Dorset Notes & Queries. 

sheaf is as much as a man can encircle with i arm holding his 
girdle with his hand, and afterwards they shall collect i “schryvel- 
ing” such as a man may lift from the earth with i hand up to the 
middle of the thigh, but 3 house workers ought to work more 
than others, viz., each week between the feast of St. Michael and 
the feast of St. Peter ad Vincula i w^ork, 3 weeks excepted, viz., 
the weeks of Christmas, Easter and Pentecost. They say 
commonly that if a man holding land cannot on account of his 
poverty work for the lord in the autumn, or if any other should 
buy his works, he shall give nothing else except double his rent 
at the feast of St. Michael. They say commonly that if they are 
threshing, they shall thresh for i work 4 bushels of wheat or 6 
bushels of barley or beans or peas or vetch, and 8 bushels of oats 
and all by rasure of custom, because the Prior Richard de 
Mildervyll put down “ cumulus” with his own hand, and this they 
saw ; and for the said threshing they shall have i “ schryveling” 
such as a man may lift from the ground with i hand up to the 
middle of the thigh. Of custom the reeve owes his oxen with the 
lord’s oxen in autumn and 2 cows for the whole year and i plough 
horse in the lord’s stable with the lord’s plough horses and in 
the field for the whole [year] with the lord’s plough horses for 
doing the lord’s work when it shall be necessary, and the 3rd best 
lamb and a woman gleaning in the autumn in the lord’s lands of 
custom they owe 4 ploughings when they shall begin first to 
plough about the feast of St. Michael and shall have bread, ale 
and companage. And at the 3 hundreds of assize each of them 
shall have i loaf “ sarr” and companage. Of custom they ought 
to have 3 ploughmen of the town, viz., each of them shall plough 
I a. of land before the feast of All Saints, and the ploughing of 
I a. before the feast of the Nativity of the Lord, and the plough- 
ing of 1 a. before the feast of the Purification of the Blessed 
Mary, and the ploughing of i a. between oats and barley, and 
before the feast of Pentecost i a., and before the feast of the 
Nativity of St. John i a., and before the feast of St. Peter Advin- 
cula I a. And as soon as the lord’s oxen shall be bound in the 
house, I of the 3 ploughmen shall stay there each night with the 
lord’s driver, and each of the 3 ploughmen of the town ought to 
have stalls for 5 oxen each day towards vespers for feeding and 
stalling the lord’s oxen ; and if they shall go outside the metes 
for the lord, each of the 3 ploughmen shall have i loaf each day. 
Moreover each of them shall have 4 sheaves in autumn for such 
days as the others reap for the lord. And if the ploughmen can- 
not go to their ploughs on account of bad weather or flood {?) 
they ought to do their dayswork in the house, at the command 
of the reeve or bailifl" who shall be for that place. And if the 
aforesaid 3 ploughmen shall thresh for their dayswork they shall 
thresh forage to sustain i plough and half an ox in the night. 
Custom owes and shall have after the Purification of the Blessed 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 


37. Witched Fishing Boats in Dorset. — In consider- 
ing cases of Witchcraft it is necessary to bear in mind certain 
fundamental distinctions that, in these days, are apt to be con- 
fused. Disease, such as epilepsy or fever, results from the sick 
person being possessed by an evil spirit. Evil spirits also produce 
storms, mishaps, and bad-luck. Witches or wizards are able, to 
some extent, to direct the action of evil spirits, so as to injure this 
or that person. Wise-men and wise- women know methods of 
counteracting this maleficence. The witch can be discovered and 
destroyed. The unclean spirit can be exorcised, or his course 
hindered or arrested. Hudibras speaks of those who 

Chase evi) spirits away by dint 

Of cickle, horse-shoe, hollow flint —II. iii. 291-2. 

The sickle is a sharp, cutting implement, which like the open 
knife fastened in a bible, was avoided by evil spirits. The earliest 
horseshoe was a closed circle, and, like other ringed enclosures, 
offered a resistance to the passage of evil spirits. 

The practice that I am about to relate was followed by the 
Abbotsbury fishermen, of whom my gardener’s father, still living, 
was one. I mentioned it to the late H. J. Moule, curator of the 
Dorset County Museum, and he told me what at my request he 
reduced to writing, thus : — 

“ Well within my remembrance, I think in the forties, certainly 
“in the late thirties, it was not uncommon for row-boats at 
“ Weymouth to have ‘ holy stones ’ tied to nails or staples in the 
“ bows, close beneath the gunwale. I once saw a man in the act 
“ of doing this at the quay side. Holy stones were beach-pebbles 
“ with a natural hole through them, such as are not uncommon 
“ among the shingle. Whether holy from having a hole through 
“ them, or from being sacred, or both, I know not.” 

At Abbotsbury the fishing-boats do not carry a sail. The 
bows differ from the stern only in being a little sharper. The 
boat is drawn up on the beach stern first by a rope called the 
start-rope, which is fastened into the lower part of the stern-post. 
When the rope is dry it is coiled round the top of the stern-post, 
and then the end of this rope used to be threaded through a 
beach-holed-stone to keep away the witches [that is, to keep any 
evil spirit, whether under the direction of a witch or not, from 
getting aboard the boat.] 

The net, when dry, is folded up and placed in the stern- 
hatch, a compartment open above, but closed from the rest of 
the boat at the stern thwart. 

Sometimes a boat, manned by its owners, is unable to catch ' 
fish. There may be fish about in plenty, and neighbouring boats 
may get hundreds, but this particular boat gets none. 

Then it was known that this boat was “ witched ” [that is, 
that an evil spirit had got on board, because the holed beach- 

VoL. X. Part lxxiv. June, 1906. 


50 Somerset & Dorset Notes (S> Queries, 

pebble had not been placed, or not properly placed, or not placed 
soon enough, on the start rope.] 

Then, to dispel the bewitchment, a mackerel stuck with pins 
was placed in the stern-hatch. [The sharp points, like the 
“ cickle,” or the open knife, oppose a resistance to the evil one.] 
It is customary, in the same neighbourhood, to attach to the 
key of a house a holed beach-stone, for luck. I have heard no 
story connecting this practice with witches, but the association is 
obvious. And it is impossible not to see a like motive for the 
ancient practice of dragging a sick or epileptic child through a 
hole in a large “druidical” stone, or through a prickly bramble, 
gorse, or gooseberry bush. The child would be pulled through, 
but the evil spirit could not follow ; it would be filtered out, and 
left behind. 

Mr. Borlase suggests that “Quoit,” the Cornish term for a 
dolmen, is derived from the same word which the Dutch express 
by Kutte, namely a cut, crevice, or fissure. In connection with 
St. Piran’s Well, the taking of its waters by diseased children 
was accompanied by passing them through the cleft of a rock on 
the sea shore. In like manner children were passed through the 
Holed Stone, the i\Ien-an-tol, in Madron. “ Creeps,” or very 
narrow passages, the sides of which have been worn smooth by 
transit, into the innermost recess of megalithic structures, or of 
subterranean chambers, can still be seen. It was the spiritual 
“ Keep,” secure from the entrance of evil. In St. Winifred’s 
Well, at Holywell, is a subaqueous “creep,” and the rheumatic 
persons who can crawl through it may well leave their crutches on 
the roof of the House. 

At Chapel Uny, in Cornwall, afflicted children were first 
dipped in the well, and then dragged three times round its 
margin on the grass against the sun, by which the influence, 
adverse to evil, was augmented. 

There is an intreccio or interlaced figure composed of an 
unbroken band so arranged as to embody five points. This is the 
pentagram, pentacle, or pentalpha. Its five points may, as fancy 
inclines, represent toes, or fingers ; and may be called either 
Drudenfuss, or the Hand of God. It is also known as the Seal of 
Solomon, wherewith he ruled the Demons. But to arrest the 
passage of an evil spirit, the band of the figure must be completely 
closed, if it is imperfect, the virtue of the charm is destroyed. 
This is made evident by Goethe’s study-scene, in Faust : 

Mephistopheles. Might I be permitted to depart 
Faust. I see not why you ask. Here is the window, here the 
door ; there is also a chimney for you. 

M. To confess the truth, a small obstacle prevents me from 
walking out — the Druid’s or Magician’s foot upon your 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 51 

F. The Pentagram embarasses you ? Then how, thou child of 

hell, earnest thou in ? 

M. Regard it well — it is not correctly drawn — one angle, the 

outward one, is a little open. 

It is understood that the devil’s proper place is outside the 
north wall of a church ; this is why we dislike being buried there. 
And when he desires, with some wicked purpose, to enter the 
sacred edifice, he cannot come round by the chancel, that is 
impossible ; and if there is no door in the north wall, he slinks 
through the west portal. And the way to keep him out is by 
means of the pentagram, which must be carved over the northern 
entrance, or on the northward jamb of the western door. Circular 
horse-shoes are vanished from the earth, and the modern open 
horse-shoe has little efficacy. 

The pentagram is carved on a boss in the chancel roof at 
Morwenstow, and on the northward jamb of the church of S. 
Andrea Apostolo, Maderno sul Garda, Italy, as in the sketch 

H. Colley March. 

38. Colonel Nathaniel Whetham of the Parliament- 
ary Army. ( 1 604 to 1 668). — In Volume IV. of vS. D. N. Q. 
page 259 (1895) there was printed a pedigree, copied from 
Harleian MS. 1172, of the family to which this forgotten soldier 
of the Civil Wars belonged. Further search in the records of 
that period has brought to light many details of his career. 

Nathaniel Whetham, son of Thomas Whetham, of Drimpton, 
Co. Dorset, and Dorothy Hooper his wife, was born at Drimpton 
in November, 1604. From the will of his grandfather, John 
Whetham, incorrectly copied as William in the printed pedigree, 
we learn many details about the family just before the birth of the 
subject of this memoir. Nathaniel was the youngest of a large 
family, and he seems to have made his way to London early in 

At the outbreak of the Civil War he was given a command 
under Richard Browne, and in January, 1642-3, Major Whetham 
was stationed in the neighbourhood of Aylesbury, struggling 
hard to prevent his “dragooners” from deserting. In the 
autumn of 1643 he was made Colonel and Governor of 
Northampton, a place of great importance as an advanced base 
within the Parliamentary lines for the series of operations round 
Banbury and Oxford. Accordingly we find Whetham taking part 
in or directing numerous local expeditions, such as those which 
resulted in the capture of Grafton House in December, 1643, 
and Canons Ashby in April, 1644. Whetham was in command 
of the forces which carried on the first siege of Banbury, but was 
compelled to withdraw on the change of situation which ensued 
on the King’s return to Oxford after his successful campaign in 


Soynerset Dorset Notes cS* Qyieries. 

Cornwall. During part of the second siege of Banbury, Whetham 
served under the command of Whalley, and in 1646 he was one 
of the three Parliamentary Commissioners who signed the terms 
of surrender. 

Three years later, in 1649, Whetham was appointed 
Governor of Portsmouth, where he did good work in putting the 
fortifications into a serviceable condition, and in cleansing and 
draining the streets and houses of the town. He represented 
Portsmouth in the Parliament of 1654. 

During the following year, Cromwell sent him to Edinburgh 
as one of the six Commissioners to whom the Government of 
Scotland was entrusted. Again in 1656 and 1658 he sat in 
Parliament, each time as the representative of St. Andrews and 
its associated boroughs. He took little part in the debates; his 
few recorded speeches are short, sensible and to the point. 

He is once more to be found as Governor of Portsmouth 
in May, 1659, replacing an officer whose fidelity to the Govern- 
ment of that day— or week — had been suspected. His name was 
added to the Committee of Safety, a body entrusted with the 
nomination of officers, in June of the same year. 

Colonel Whetham had become the intimate friend both of 
General Monk and of Sir Antony Ashley Cooper, and, when the 
vital question arose of restoring the secluded members of the 
Long Parliament, he shared their point of view and declared for 
a “free Parliament.” Having secured some officers under his 
command, who were of a contrary opinion, he carried the 
garrison of Portsmouth with him, and it seems to have been the 
news of this accession of strength which determined Monk, 
waiting and watching at Coldstream, to advance south on that 
march which ended in the Restoration. 

Whether that inevitable result was foreseen by Monk or not, 
it does not seem probable that Whetham had realized the 
ultimate consequences of his action. 

On the 29th of December, 1659, Parliament ordered “that 
the thanks of this House be given to Colonel Whetham and his 
officers,” and on February loth it was resolved “ that two 
hundred pounds a year, land of inheritance, be settled on Colonel 
Nathaniell Whetham and his heirs, for his eminent services for 
the Parliament and Commonwealth.” 

It is probable that the Restoration prevented this Resolution 
from taking effect, and, as we find a remark of later date that 
Colonel Whetham deserved better for his services, we may fairly 
conclude that Charles II. did not reward with any signal mark of 
his favour one of the humble instruments to whom he owed his 
throne. Colonel Whetham retired to Chard, and seems to have 
taken no further part in public affairs. He died there in 1668. 

By his first wife, Joan, daughter of Henry Shorter of Horton, 
Bucks, he had two surviving sons, Nathaniel and Joseph, both 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries, 


barristers-at-law. The elder son became the ancestor of a line 
of soldiers in the Whethams of Kirklington Hall, co. Notting- 
ham, while other branches of the family remained in Dorset and 

Colonel Nathaniel Whetham seems to have passed out of 
history. He is not mentioned in the Dictionary of National 
Biography. Yet his life was an eventful one. He played his 
part well and manfully, and did more quiet and useful work than 
many others who have left a greater name. Even a few months 
investigation has disclosed much of the story of his life, sufficient 
to suggest the possibility of writing an interesting and profitable 
book on his career. 

It is probable that other records of himself or his immediate 
family are extant. Information about such records will be 
received gratefully by the present writer. 

Trinity College, Cambridge. W. C. D. Whetham. 

39. Penne of East Coker, Somerset, and Toller 
Whelme, Dorset, Concluded. (X., 12.) — 

14. Children of George Penne, the second, and Anne 
(Tregonwell) (see 12 (i) at page 15) ; were 

(1) . George, born about 1659, married Feb. 1683/4 (Marr. 
Lie., Vic. Gen.) he being then 25 and his wife 22 ; this record 
fixes the date of his birth. His wife was Susannah, daughter 
of William Thomas and Jane his wife, of Low Layton, co. Essex, 
Merchant and Citizen of London. With her he received 
(Chancery Proceedings, Penn v. Dalby Thomas, ii Collins 459 
of 1699). After his marriage he lived at or near Low Layton. 
On the death of his grandfather in 1695 he removed to Cors- 
combe. Here he remained till the year 1720, when he moved to 
Hewish in the parish of Crewkerne. His wife died in 1718, and 
he in 1723/4; both were buried at Corscombe. His will was 
proved in the P.C.C. (196 Bolton), and is quoted in Browne’s 
Somerset Wills. 

(2) . Charles, born about 1663; ^698 he was living at 

Leigh, near Tonbridge, Kent, and was arrested for debt (Chancery 
Proceedings, Penny v. Children, Sheriff of Kent, iii Collins 548) 
at the instance of his cousin, Ann Daubeney, to whom he was 
bound for his father. After this he went to his aunt, Mrs. Anne 
Shelden, at Temple Grafton, and married Elizabeth Partridge of 
Grafton Court. There were no children of this marriage. lie 
died in 1718, and she in 1721, at Temple Grafton. The monu- 
ment in the Church has been replaced by a brass. 

(3) . Thomas, born at Corscombe, 1665, buried there 1666. - 

(4) . Thomas, buried at Corscombe, 1684. 

(5) . John, grew to manhood and was buried at Corscombe 
in Feb. 1702/3, unmarried. 

There is no mention at Corscombe of the baptism of these 

54 Somerset &> Dorset Notes &= Queries. 

children. It is probable that they were all baptised privately by 
R.C. priests. 

15. All these children had to suffer from the impoverish- 
ment of the family owing to their religion and their politics. 

When James II. was raising a brigadeof Guards, and was giving 
commissions in the brigade to the sons of his Roman Catholic 
supporters, he gave one commission to George Penne No. 3 ; 
this was in 1687, when the young man was about 28 years of age, 
and had been married about 3 years. The commission ran thus, 
“ George Penny to be Brigadier and eldest lieutenant,” etc. 
(Harl. MS. 4847, Brit. Mus., and English Army Lists and Com- 
mission Registers, Vol. ii, p. 89.) Brigadier meant an officer in 
the brigade, not a Brigadier General ; Hutchins was mislead by 
the word ; he states that this George commanded a brigade of 
Horse Guards at the battle of the Boyne ; he was not at the 
Boyne in any capacity. (See King’s Lists). On the 30th May, 
1690, a proclamation was issued for a number of gentlemen and 
esquires, “who have listed themselves in several regiments under 
pretence of commissions from the late King James,” to surrender 
themselves. (State Papers Dom.) Among those mentioned is 
Captain Penny. 

The Lieutenant Penny, of the Brigade of Guards who was 
killed at the battle of Steinkirk on the 24th July, 1692.,''' was 
neither George Penny No. 2, who died in 1691, nor George 
Penny No. 3, who lived till 1723/4. 

George Penny No. 3 and his brother-in-law, Dalby Thomas, 
are mysteriously referred to in the Calendar of State Papers 
Domestic on Aug. 5, 1691; “Warrant to Sir William Dolben, 
Knight, one of the Justices of the King’s Bench, etc., and to the 
Sheriff of Essex, to forbear putting into execution sentence upon 
Dalby Thomas and George Penn, if they be found guilty of man- 
slaughter, until the King’s further pleasure is known.” 

On the death of his grandfather in 1695 this George left Low 
Leyton in Essex, where his wife’s family lived, and where he 
himself had lived since his marriage, and went to live at Toller 
Whelme. The estates were heavily mortgaged, so that he soon 
found himself in financial difficulty. 

This George No. 3 was in debt to his brother-in-law, Dalby 
Thomas; in 1699 there was a law suit about it (Chancery Proc., 
ii Collins 459 of 1699) from which it appears that Thomas was 
pressing for payment ; he suggested an Act of Parliament to cut 
off the entail of the estates, and George Penne said he would not 
oppose it. Between 1707 and 1710 there were four suits in 
Chancery about the Oak Farm. It was settled on Anthony in 
tail male, and descended to George Penne the son of Anthony. 

* Origin and Services of the Coldstream Guards, by Col. MacKinnon, Vol. 
i., p. 220. 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes Queries. 


On the death of this George in 1699 the farm was found to be 
mortgaged to two persons, — Dorothy Hitchins (a half sister on 
the mother’s side), who was married to William Pinney of 
W. Milton ; and Mary Daubeney (the half sister on the father’s 
side), widow, who combined with another widow, Jane Bruin, to 
get possession of the farm. (Chancery Proceedings, Pinney v. 
Penn, i Hamilton 270 of 1709 : and Penne v. Bruin & Daubeney, 

I & 2 Reynardson 462 of 1707). Of course this family litigation 
over the remnant of the estate assisted to impoverish all parties. 

In 1708 a private Act of Parliament was obtained to sell the 
entailed property by cutting olf the entail. Accordingly the 
Toller Whelme Manor, including the Pipsford and Wyke farms, 
were sold with all their incumbrances. The price paid was 
£yooo. Only the Weston, Oak, and Cheddington properties, 
including Cheddington Court, remained. 

George Penne continued to live at Cheddington after this ; 
but his expenditure was larger than his income, so that in 1720 he 
was again in difficulties. He then sold the Oak Farm to Thomas 
Penny of Keyford, Yeovil, who had been Receiver General for 
the County of Somerset. This Thomas Penny belonged to a 
family which had been settled in Yeovil for about 200 years, and 
perhaps longer. During this time there was no known relation- 
ship between the two families. There may have been relationship 
at some early period before the end of the 15th century; but it is 
quite certain that there was none nearer than the time of the first 
Thomas Penny of E. Coker. (Para, i, page 12.) 

In 1712 George Penne was engaged in a law suit with 
John Mackrell of Milton, co. Somerset, Gent., whose son John 
married Dorothy Penne, George Penne’s daughter, in 171 1. The 
suit was about the marriage settlement. George Penne settled 
Cheddington on Dorothy, on the understanding that John 
Mackrell would settle the Milton property on his son. (Chancery 
Proc., vi Reynardson 369 of 1712, Penn v. Mackrell). 

16. Children of George Penne and Susannah (Thomas). 

(1) . Dorothy, probably the eldest and probably born at 
Layton; she married in 1711 John Mackrell, son and heir of 
John Mackrell, of Ashley, in the parish of Milton, co. South- 
ampton, Gent. ; and had issue one child, Dorothy. 

(2) . Elizabeth, probably the second child and probably 
born at Layton. She married Arthur Bishop, of Allington, co. 
Dorset, woolstapler (Hutchins’ Dorset). 

(3) . George, baptised at Low Leyton 9 Aug., 1691, buried 
there 20 Aug., 1691. 

(4) . Giles, also probably one of the elder children, born at 
Layton. There is no other record of him than that he died^./., — 
no will, nor administration of goods. The inference is that he 
did not grow to manhood. There is no record of his death at 

56 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

(5) . George, the first child born at Corscombe after the 
removal there in 1695. (Corscombe register). Buried there, 

(6) . Ann, born at Corscombe, 1697 5 named executrix 
of her father’s will in 1723/4; buried at Corscombe 1735; she 
was unmarried. 

(7) . Edmund, born at Corscombe, 1698; he married Lydia 
Partridge, the owner of Grafton Court (Wore. IMarr. Lie., Herald 
and Ge?iealogist) in 1721. The property was left to her by her 
aunt, who was also his aunt by marriage. He died at Temple 
Grafton in 1727; Will P.C.C. (148 Farrant). She died in 1741 ; 
Will P.C.C. (317 Spurway). They left three children. On the 
tomb at Grafton is the Penny coat of arms impaled with Partridge, 
(vaire, in chief three roses). 

(8) . Mary, born and buried at Corscombe, 7702. 

17. After the sale of the Oak Farm in 1720 George Penne 
was unable to live anv longer at Cheddington Court. He retired 
to Hewish in the parish of Crewkerne, and died there 1723/4. 
Cheddington was settled on Dorothy ; the rest of the property 
seems to have been divided between Ann and Elizabeth, the other 
living daughters. Edmund, the only living son, was provided 
for by marrying the heiress of Grafton Court. 

Dorothy Mackrell had a daughter Dorothy ; and her sister, 
Elizabeth Bishop, had two sons, Thomas and Joseph. By a 
marriage of the cousins, Dorothy Mackrell and Thomas Bishop, 
the property went to the Bishop family, with whom it remained 
until recent times. Penny Hill, near Cheddington Court, keeps 
alive the memory of the former owners. 

18. Children of Edmund and Lydia (Partridge). 

(1) . George, born -1722 ; was aged 19 at the date of his 
mother’s death ; he died unmarried at Dorking in 1744, leaving a 
will P.C.C. (154 Anstis) ; he mentioned no relatives, but divided 
the few hundred pounds he possessed among some Dorking 

(2) . Edmund, mentioned in his father’s will, 1727, but not 
in his mother’s in 1741 ; presumably he died between these 

(3) . Mary, mentioned in her father’s but notin her mother’s 


19. On the death of this George Penny in 1744 the direct 
male line came to an end, and the honours of the family were in- 
herited by his father’s sisters, Dorothy Mackrell and Elizabeth 
Bishop. By the marriage of the children of these two sisters the 
honours were carried into the Bishop family, subject to the 
heraldic conditions of legitimacy and of having arms with which 
to quarter them. If (as Hutchins hints) the marriage of Dorothy 
IMackrell and her cousin Joseph Bishop was irregular, the honours 
are in abeyance. 

1 . Iron keel. 2. ■5iera»po5t. 3. Slern-baich. 
4. Slem-lhouevri. 5. Slari-rope. 


A. (XJesl doorca^. Church of S^ndrea. 
c-dposlolo, Mademo-suL- Cje^rda. 

B. Boss in the chejicel 9/ Morccjenstocu 
Church, ComcueJl. 


; ^ Vpr'tS 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 57 

20. It is necessary now to go back to paragraph 9. 

William Penny, the son of Giles Penny and Dorothy 

Strode, was born in 1568 ; he married in 1599 Elizabeth, daughter 
of Sir Samuel Ludlow, of Hill Deverell, co. Wilts, by Bridget, 
daughter and sole heir of Henry Coker, of Maypowder, co. Dorset, 
Esquire. His father devised to him the freehold and copyhold 
property in E. Coker. A.t the time of his marriage he was living 
in Dorchester, though he was described as of E. Coker. (Chan- 
cery Proc., Penny v. Chubb, Bundle No. 6., 42. Q. Elizabeth 
of 1599). He lived sometimes at E. Coker, sometimes at Cors- 
combe, and sometimes at Dorchester, till 1624, when after Chan- 
cery Proceedings against the lord of the manor of East Coker, 
who insisted upon residence as a customary tenant, he tendered 
his submission at a manor Court, and was granted a licence for 
non residence on payment of a fine. (Batten’s South Somerset, 
p. 181.) 

When John Penne died in 1613 he left his second brother, 
George, guardian of his young children (with Henry Hody and 
John Strode) instead of his next brother William, 

The widow of John married John Giffard of Whiteladies, co. 
Stafford, and objected, through her husband, to the claims of 
William to be guardian and to act as if he was. Plence Chan- 
cery Proceedings, Penny v. Giffard, Nov., 1616. 

The dispute went on ; William claiming the trusteeship and 
power over the property. In 1630 George Penny the heir, de- 
scribed then of Weston, brought an action against his uncle 
William, to recover possession of the Toller Whelme property 
and mansion house, and was successful. (Penny v. Penny, Nov., 
1630, and May, 1631). 

William was also engaged in other litigation. His wife’s 
father. Sir Edmund Ludlow, married a second time on the death 
of his first wife, the Viscountess Bindon. Lady Bindon detained 
goods belonging to the first wife (who was an heiress with 
;^io,ooo) which should have gone to the first wife’s children. 
Hence Chancery Proceedings, Penny v. Viscountess Bindon, 
May, 1626, 

William died in 1644 and was buried at E. Coker. His wife 
died in 1650 and was also buried there. His son Thomas was 
baptised at Corscombe, and his daughter Mary at E. Coker, 
which leads one to suppose that he was not a Roman Catholic. 

21. Children of William Penny and Elizabeth (Ludlow). 

(i). William; the record of his birth and baptism have 

not been found. He lived at E. Coker with his wife Martha be- 
tween 1634 and 1646. It is not known when nor whom he mar- - 
ried. The E. Coker register shows that he had a daughter 
Dorothy, baptised in 1634 and buried the same month ; and an- 
other daughter Dorothy, buried in 1640 ; there is no record of a 
son being born ; neither he nor his wife was buried at E. Coker. 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 

In 1645-6 he was living at E. Coker, and witnessed the will of 
his brother-in-law Edmund Ludlow. The probability is that he 
had no son, for the name of Penny disappears from the E. Coker 
register after 1650, and the property \vas sold. 

(2) . Giles, born 1601; the record of his birth has not been 
found, but he matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford, in 1619, 
aged 18. He married at E. Quantoxhead, in 1634, Sylvestra,who 
was daughter of James Capps, Esquire, and was widow' of (i) 
George Ludlow', of Dunster Castle, Esqre., and (2) of Sir Edmund 
Scorye, Knt. This marriage caused litigation wdth the Luttrell 
family, — Chancery Proceedings, Penny v. Capps, Oct., 1634; 
Penny v. Wogan, May, 1637; Penny v. Luttrell, Nov., 1635; 
Luttrell 2^. Penny, 1649; Penny v. Hodges, June, 1655; these 
w'ere all regarding the Dunster and Kilton (Somerset) properties, 
w'hich were settled upon Sylvestra by George Luttrell for her life, 
w'hen he married her in 1603. She w'as alive in 1655. (Penny 
V. Hodges). Giles died in 1657-8 at Upton Lovell. Will P.C.C. 
(20 Wotton). There w'as no issue by this marriage. 

(3) . Elizabeth. There is no record of her birth or bap- 
tism. She married before 1625 her cousin, Edmund Ludlow, 
who died 1645-6; Will P.C.C. By this marriage she had one 
child, Elizabeth, who married her third cousin, Sir Henry Coker, 
of Maypow'der. The widow then married John Rideout, of 
Deverill Longbridge, co., Wilts. 

It is probable that the first four children w'ere born at Dor- 
chester, where the father lived for a little time after his marriage. 

(4) . Robert. There is no record of birth or baptism ; he 
is referred to in the will of his brother Giles, as having a son 
Robert and a daughter Elizabeth. He lived at E. Coker. About 
1625 he and his brother-in-law', Edmund Ludlow, entered with 
violence the house of his mother’s half-brother. Sir Henry Lud- 
low% of Mayden Bradley (Chancery Proc., Penny v. Viscountess 
Bindon, 1626). This w'as in connection w'ith the dispute about 
his mother’s property. His daughter Elizabeth was baptised at 
E. Coker, 1641. His wife’s name w'as Elizabeth ; her surname is 
not knowm. 

(a) Robert, his son, ^Yas a ‘Salesman ’ in the parish of St. 

Mary le Strand, London : he had property in the parish of 
Pillesdon, co. Dorset, and at Bristol. He married De- 
borah . He died in 1687 and w^as buried in the 

Church of St. Mary le Savoy. Will P.C.C. (141 Foot). 
After his death his w'idow lived in the parish of St. Gregory, 
Old Fish Street, London, where she died in 1702. Will 
P.C.C.( 1 2 Degg). Probably her father w'as a London citizen. 

(b) Elizabeth, his daughter, was baptised at E. Coker in 
1641. She was mentioned in the wdlls of her grand- 
mother and her uncle Giles. Nothing more is knowm of her. 

^ Robert and Deborah Penny had three children. 

Somerset & Dorset Notes & Queries. 


(a) Charles, of London, who died in 1701 and was buried 
with his father in the Church of St. Mary le Savoy. Will 
P.C.C. (173 Dyer). He left a legacy to the poor of Belfast, 
and all his property to his sister Elizabeth. It is not 
known what connection he had with Belfast, unless he 
went there with some of the Ludlows who had a grant of 
land. (Prendergast’s Cromwellian Settlement.) He was 

(b) James, mentioned in his father’s will, 1687, but not in 
his brother’s, 1701, nor in his mother’s, 1702 ; he probably 
died young. 

(c) Elizabeth, who married Robert Bogg, of Doctor’s Com- 
mons, Esquire. Shedied,i7i2; he died 1747; his willP.C.C. 

(5) . Thomas, baptised at Corscombe, 1612-3; he was not 
mentioned in the will of his mother or of his brother Giles. 
Probably he did not grow to manhood. 

(6) . Mary, baptised at E. Coker, 1613 ; buried there, 1614. 

22. Maiden Bradley, the home of the Ludlows, is in the 
S.W. corner of Wilts. Deverill Longbridge, the home of the 
Rideouts, is near to it. Giles, the second son of William, pro- 
bably desired to live near to his mother’s relations, the Ludlows, 
and to his sister, Elizabeth Rideout, when he retired to Upton 
Lovell, — which is near to both, — a little before his death. 

23. This branch died out in the male line when Charles 
Penny, the son of Robert, died in 1701. 

24. In paragraph 12 the children of George Penny and his 
wife Jane (Perkins) are given. The fifth son, Giles, lived in 
Westminster and had a son James. 

He is the only male of the family who cannot be accounted 
for, either by reference to registers or wills. 

25. This historical note could never have been written with- 
out the skilled assistance of Mr. H. W. F. Harwood, the well 
known Editor of the Genealogist, and the cooperation of the late 
Mr. John Batten, of Yeovil, who generously placed at my disposal 
a great deal of information they had themselves gleaned. 

Frank Penny, LL.M. 

40. WiTHAM Friary Boundaries and Place Names. 
(IX. 108, 189, 346, X. 22.) — The further one looks into the matter, 
the more probable it seems that the boundary of the estate of the 
Carthusians is identical with the Parish boundary. If Hedstocks, 
Hacheweie and the Fishburn have been correctly located, it 
should be possible with no great difficulty to fill in the gaps. 

Now that I have been on the ground and seen from Witham, 
the ridge of wooded land — The Holt (now Witham Park) — lying 
to the South East, I have very little doubt, having regard to its 
position, that we have here Ruggesclivaheaved — Ridge-cliff-head. 
Kemble describes a ridge as “ the high line of continuous 


Somerset &' Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

hills or rising ground” (C. D. III. xxxii) and the “head” of a 
hill “the commencing point.” It generally, he says, denotes 
“rising ground.” The highest point of the ridge is just over 800 
feet above sea level. This is probably the “ head” that had the 
name. The parish boundary runs along the top of the ridge. It 
is curious that this name of so conspicuous a feature in the land- 
scape has not survived in some form, but I do not find that it 
has ; and Gare Hill, along the ridge to the N. E., cannot be a 
substitute for it, because the name Gare Hill must be at least as 
old, but probably considerably older. 

Further investigation into the field names will very likely 
reveal the position of Rugalega, Pennemere, Fraggemera 
(.^ Frogmere) and Fleistoke. Rugalega (Rugleya in the Roll) (i) is 
possibly Ridge-field—a low lying field in which there is a ridge, 
or through which an ancient road passed — or it may be a field 
containing “ riggs or ridges of barley ” (Cf. Kemble, C. D. III. 
xxxii). (2) 

It has already been suggested that Humburna may be a 
stream. The word itself seems to suggest this even if it were not 
preceded — both in the Charter and in the Roll — by “ultra,” and 
on looking at the map it will be seen that a small stream rises a 
little to the East of Hackney Lane, and that the parish boundary 
runs along it for some distance, and then goes off to the South 
on its further side. This stream I believe to be the Humburna. 
It takes a course to the S.E., and presently is joined by another 
small stream the Avon from which we get the name 
Havenesefd) and eventually flows into the Brue. 

If the spelling Hundburna in the Roll is correct, the meaning 
might be the stream of the hound (A.S. hund). Cf.W. H. Duignan, 
Worcestershire Place Names, 1905, s.v. Houndsfield, and Pulman, 
Local Nomenclature, p. 168, Houndsborough. This I would 
suggest might be in allusion to the otter. But if Humburna is 
the correct spelling, the word may be allied to Humber (the river) 
which Isaac Taylor says has been thought to be a corruption of 
the root that appears in the Cymric Aler, meaning the confluence 
of waters {N.^P., 163) (3). Kemble (C.i?., 683) gives Humburne, 

(1) . Cf. Rugeley, near Lichfield, In 1230 it was spelt Rugelegh [Cal. 
Carth. Rolls. Hen. III., vol. i. 118). 

(2) . This seems to want further explanation, but I take it to refer to the 
ridges purposely left for drainage when the land is ploughed. Barley may 
require a particularly dr}' soil. Land so ploughed is, I believe, described as 
being “ in rig and furrow.” There is a field at Witham named “ Rigge Park.” 
It adjoins the supposed site of the Roman Road. The first word is pronounced 
as two syllables — as if it were Ridgy. Sir Walter Scott [The Monastery ,Ch. i.) 
mentions that crops of oats and bear (“ or bigg, a coarse kind of barley ”) raised 
by the tenants of Church lands in Scotland on the arable “ in- fields ” cultivated 
by them in common, were “ usually sowed on alternate ridges.” 

(3) Rivers frequently maintain the names they had prior to the Anglo-Saxon 
period, “and then their construction is almost hopeless.” — Duig. Wore. PI. N. 
p. vi. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 


which he modernises as Humbourne, in Worcestershire, but the 
word is not dealt with in Mr. W. H. Duignan’s book, and I do 
not find any such place in Lewis’s Topographical Dictionary. 
Humber, Humbre or Hombre occurs as a place name in Hereford- 
shire {Feudal Aids, vol. II. pp. 382, 383, 399, 402, 407, 422). 
According to Lewis {Top. Did.) it is a few miles from Leominster ; 
he also gives Humbershoe, a hamlet in Bedfordshire, Humberston 
on the river Humber, Humberstone (Humerstane, Hubstayn) 
in Leicestershire, and Hamberston on the river Ure. Kemble’s 
Index, in addition to the river Humber (Humbra, Humbre), gives 
Humbracumb (Humbercomb) Hants, and Humborford (No. 272). 

w- . . ^ . 

Not far from Colyton in Devonshire the river Coly receives 
the waters of the Shute Brook which Pulman says is also called 
the Umborne (“ anciently Wombern ”) which word he suggests is 
“possibly” derived from Wodenesburn after the Saxon god 
Woden. {Book of the Axe, p. 744; Local Nomenclature, p. 87). 
There is however a place (apparently a farm or a hamlet), at no 
great distance from the Brook, marked on the map Humberhayne 
(in a recent local paper spelt Hamberhayne) which does not seem 
to lend weight to the claim put forward on behalf of the god. (5) 

With regard to Waletonia, Prof. Skeat gives as the meaning 
of Walton “ the town of the strangers or Welshmen” — a trace of 
the Celtic inhabitants. (“ The Place Names of Huntingdonshire.” 
Camb. Ant. Soc. Comm. X. 357). A similar trace of the Celts he 
finds in Wal-den, Wals-worth and Walling-ton in Herts, as well 
as in Wal-worth in S. London. {The Place Names of Hertfordshire, 
pp. 57 and 71) Cf. Duignan, op. cit. s. v.N2\q,oX. Isaac Taylor 
however attributes the origin of most of the “ forty or so ” places, 
called Walton, to the fact that they were walled towns in the 
neighbourhood of some isolated Norwegian or Danish Colony. 

(4) . It seems possible that Humburna may be derived from the Celtic 
Ombra, amber (Armstrong, Gaelic Diet.) and the stream may be the yellow 
stream — turbid, muddy. The “ amber water ” would certainly be an appro- 
priate name for the Humber, which carries great quantities of yellow detritus in 
suspension. “ Humber mud ” is proverbial. At certain times of the year the 
water is turned on to the land (a process known locally as “ warping ”) and the 
thick yellow deposit left when the tide recedes provides a new virgin soil for 
cultivation. Compare Humberly, Oxf., (Kemble’s Index), possibly the yellow 
field ; but see Duignan (p. 121) s. v. Ombersley, which both he and Prof. Skeat 
derive from a proper name, as they also do Amberley, Sussex, and Ambresburh 
(Amesbury, Wilts.) Cf. Thorpe, p. 488, See also the name Ambrevile 
(Otborvile, Odburvile) in Greswell, pp. 42, 46, etc. 

(5) . It has been suggested that — herniae{ — hernie or 6«mV) in Bannaven- 
taberniae, the birth place of St. Patrick, possibly in S. Wales, was the name of a 
river, added to distinguish Bannaventa from other places of the same name of 
which there appear to have been several. (See Prof. J. B. Bury, The Life of St. 
Patrick, 1905, p. 323). Might it not however be Bannaventa-on-the-Bum, — 
Bannaventa-at- Water ? 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

(JV. P., p. no., n.i.), evidence of which he also sees in Wal- 
soken and Wal-pole (p. 240.) 

In the particular instance before us it may be of some assist- 
ance to notice the form of the name next to it — Hanhesda in the 
Charter, Havenesefd in the Roll. In Pulman’s Local Nome^iclature. 
at p. 59, there is a footnote (No. 3) referring to the opinion of 
the Rev. W. A. Jones, of Taunton, a former Secretary of the 
Somerset Archaeological Society, to the effect that hav (used in 
another connection) is a contraction of hevren^ the Welsh form 
for Severn, from Av, the root of Avon, a river. If then we find a 
Celtic form in Havenesefd, it seems likely we shall be 
correct in giving a Celtic origin to the adjoining Walton. It is 
possible Walters Farm may be the surviving form of the name ; 
its position warrants the suggestion. It almost certainly is not 
Walk Farm, which more likely derived its name from some 
Walklin. Hoare’s Hisi. of Wills (vol. i., 103) mentions a 
Walkelin or Walkelinus de Jernefield, who was a local man, 
probably in 13th Cent.; but what is more likely still is that the 
farm near Redlinch, as well as the one of the same name near 
Witham Railway Station, were both so called because they were 
Forest-keepers houses. According to CoweVs Interpreter 
“ Walkers are foresters assigned by the King” and are “ walkers 
within a certain space of ground [entrusted] to their care.” 
Epping Walk, Chingford Walk and West Henalt Walk, besides a 
number of other forest walks are mentioned by Dr. Cox, [The 
Royal Forests of England, 1905, pp. 78, 79.) Certain “ Parks and 
Walks” are referred to in an official document dated 1639. 
[Ibid.) Both Farms are near a parish boundary, and probably also 
near the old forest boundary, and as neither is on a stream or on 
high ground, it does not seem probable that the name had 
anything to do with a walk (or fulling) mill (Cf. Duignan, p. 171, 
and iV. Q. 10. S.v. 169, 212). There is a mention (/<;/;z/>. Ed. I.) 
of a Waledich, near Frome. (See Colinson II. 195, III. 56). 
This is again suggestive of the Celts. The name appears to sur- 
vive inWalldyke Farm, Marston. Walcomb is to be found close 
to Wells. From the position of the parish boundary marked on 
the map we should expect to find Waletonia exactly on the site of 
the Great Western Railway, a little to the N.E. of the bridge 
that takes the road from North Brewham to Seat Hill over the 

From Waletonia we go to Havenesefct(6), and to the head of 

(6) Duignan, op. cit., p. 9., quotes Mr. Henry Bradley [English Miscella?iy, 
p. 15) as follows : " It is certain tliat all rivers now called Avon must have had 
proper names. There is evidence enough to show that the ancient Britons were 
in the habit of giving individual names to quite insignificant streams.” Upon 
which the follovdng comment is made. “ If all the ten Avons in Britain once had 
a suffix, it is remarkable that not one of them should have sursdved to our 
time. . .” 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes <S= Queries, 


the stream the parish boundary also goes, and thence to 
Luthbroka. The Luthbroka of the charter is the Ludebroke of 
the Roll. This is not what would be expected. The form Luth 
appears to be the older, and the Roll usually has the older form. 
Then again it seems curious that the older form of prefix 
should have a Latinised termination for its suffix. Duignan, 
op. at., page 108, on the authority of Prof. Skeat tells us that 
Norman scribes wrote d for a medial th, which they could not 
pronounce. If this is what has happened here Luth is the older 
form. Prof. Skeat however says that the Mid. Eng. u occasionally 
represents an A.S._y ; we might therefore get Lyth. [PI. N, of 
Camb., 16). This is very suggestive of A.S. hlith a slope, hill 
side, and Lythbroke might be a brook on the slope of a hill, a 
hill side brook. (Cf. Duig. loS, s.v. Lyth (The)). 

If however we may read i for u we could get Lith. Toller’s 
ed. of Bosworth’s A.S. Diet, gives tide adj. Lithe, soft, 

gentle. The brook might then be the gentle brook. This may 
be the etymology of Lydford in Somerset. In Domesday Book 
it is spelt Lideford, and in 26 Ed. I. Litteford (Coll. II. 56) — 
perhaps the easy ford, or the ford at which the water runs gently 
or smoothly. Collinson (II. 196) says the place “lies on the 
Roman fosse road here traversed by the River Brue.” Is the 
Brue usually turbulent, —but here gentle } (7) 

There appears however to be a base Lud — in regard to 
which Prof. Skeat refers to Luddeshroc, etc., in Kemble’s Index 
(P/. N. of Camb., 16) ; and in Domesday Book the word Ludehroc 
is recorded (Duig. 107). The prefix still survives in Lude and 
Luyde in Worcestershire (Ibid). Duignan says the meaning is 
unknown, but it must be Anglo-Saxon, as Ludepol juxta Severne 
is found in Kemble, C.D. 654. On p. 107 Duignan gives many 
names with this prefix. 

It seems however very likely that the stream has a name of 
Celtic origin. Armstrong’s Gaelic Dictionary gives Lud, a pond ; 
Luth, vigour ; and Lith, a pool, stagnant water. Litheadh is 
“ that part of a river where the water stagnates.” with pi. 

(7) Kemble, (C. D., III. xxxiii.) says that in the Fen Counties Lad, which 
he translates lode, denotes a water channel. “ The root,” he says, “ is obvious- 
ly lidan, to glide gently or go.” Thorpe gives Lad, Ladu, “ a path or way by 
land or water ; a running water.” (p. 658). 

In the gth Century there was a Dane of royal descent, named Lodbroc, who 
came to this country and was murdered here. His death was avenged by his 
sons, Ubba(Hubba) and Hinguar (Inguar), who were in Somersetshire in 822, 
and captured Somerton, the county town. See Greswell, op. cit., p. 17. 
Skene [Celtic Scotland, I. 332) gives the name as Lodbrog. There are several 
Danish words similar in form to the prefix, but none of them enable the nam.e 
to be construed so as to make sense. That there can, however, be any connec- 
tion between Lodbroc and Ludebroke, or between Hubba (Hubber-burn) and 
Humburna, seems out of the question. I am unaware of any instance of a 
stream being named after an individual. . 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

Lodan is a puddle, marsh, quagmire {cf. River Lodden), In 
each case the Irish dialect of the Celtic has the same word. 

The stream which I think is the Luthbrook will be seen on 
the map. It flows by Down’s Farm and West Barn Farms and 
into the Frome. The parish boundary follows its course {per 
cursum aquae in Charter and Roll) for a short distance. Having 
regard to the several meres mentioned in the Charter and Roll as 
being in its immediate vicinity, it may in former times have 
flowed through a series of ponds and meres. I do not think it 
can ever have been vigorous. Perhaps it ran into pools and 
stagnated. What are its moods to-day 

H. W. Underdown. 

41. Surveys of Manors in Somerset and Dorset. — 
Among the Miscellaneous Books in the Land Revenue Depart- 
ment at the Public Record Oflice are surveys of the following- 
manors in the above counties. The reason for taking the surveys 
is not stated in the documents themselves, but they were probably 
taken on a change of owners, or for some other special reason. In 
the case of the Ashmore survey, which is extracted in full to serve 
as a specimen, it was taken just previous to the manor being sold 
by the then owner, Lord St. John of Bletsoe, and was probably 
done to give him an idea of the value, or it may have been taken 
in conjunction with the purchasers, Sir Benj. Tichborne and 
Francis Shrimpton, acting on behalf of William, Marquis of 
Winchester, in order to arrive at an impartial valuation. 

In Vol. 19 1 of the Miscellaneous Books the following surveys 
appear : 

p.7. Lands in Pilton, Weston, Compton and Wotton Som. 

16. Predy, parcel of the possessions of the late Monastery 

of Brewton, .. ..1591. Som. 

Wellow .. .. . .. 1599. Som. 

Turwock [Turnock], in parish of Badgeworth — Som. 

Mr. Dauntesey’s lands in Wells, 41 Eliz. 


Henton Mary, late Lord Sturton’s lands 







1590 Dorset. 
1599. Som. 
— Som. 
I :;6o Dorset. 

* On the Map of Cambridge, drawn by Ric. Lyne in 1574, Free School 
Lane is marked as “Luttburne Lane,” and a water course is she^^^l in close proxi- 
mity. The name however appears as “ Lurteburgh Lane” in 1352 (Rev. H. 
P. Stokes, LL. D., “ The Chaplains and the Chapel of the Ilniv. of Camb.,” 
C.A.S. Pub. igo6, p. 4.) and this form may explain both names. Lutra in Latin 
and Loutre (dim. LuUrell) in Cornish (Bannister, Glossary of Cornish Names, 
1871) is an otter : A. S. otor (a gloss for lutria (sic). See Skeat, Et. Diet.). 
Lurteburgh (Lutreburgh wuth the r and t transposed) may therefore be the 
home of the otter, (the \vater course appears to come from underground at this 
point), and Luttburne may be the Otterburn — a familiar and historical place- 
name. Luthbroka may likewise be the otter-brook. L}me’s map is reproduced 
in Dean Stubbs’ Cambridge (Med. Town Ser.) 1905. 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries, 65 

In Vol. 214. 

pp. I — 82. Gillingham (see Hutchins’ III. 

651, Col. i, Appendix) 6, Jas. I, .. 1608 Dorset. 

83—92. Henton, Margaret Marsh and Nyland 

III, 548, col. i.) .. — Dorset. 

93 — 151. Portland II. 816, col. i.) .. 1608 Dorset. 

These three surveys are very long and minute. 

E. A. Fry. 

42. Survey of the Manor of Ashmore, co. Dorset. — 
Land Revenue, Miscellaneous Vol. 191. p. 32. Endorsement; 
Com Dors.’ Superuisio breuis Manerii Aishmore, in com. p’dco 
1590. (33 Eliz). 

A briefe note of the manor of Aishemore in the countie of 
Dorset. Imp’mis the scite of the manner house with the barnes 
stables, yardes, gardens and orchard to the same belonging, 

cont. by est. 




Meadow closes cont. 



Close of pasture called Cowe close . . 



,, ,, ,, Gore close . . 



,, ,, ,, Aldred 



,, ., ,, Busshe close 



arrable ,, Honyfelde close 


9 y 


,, ,, ,, Robshall 



,, ,, ,, Honkle close 



,, ,, ,, Stenefeld . . 


9 9 

243 acres 

The farmer maie kepe in several groundes 16 sheepe. All 
these together are in the hands of John Combes payenge 
yerelie . . . . . . . . 

Furthermore there is belonging to the same 
manner diu’se Tenements holding for three lyves 
accordinge to the custom of the manner paying 
fyne at the will of the Lorde and heryott viz at 
everie death or alienation the best beast. Also 
the same copieholders dothe kepe in sev’ral 
sheepe courses and upon their other grounde 
xij sheepe, the yerelie rent is .. .. xiiji* xv^- iiij^^- 

The p’ticler of wch copieholds followeth viz. 

Thoms Burden holdeth one Tenemt with a 
garden orchard and cxliiij acres, whereof meadowe 
viij acres, pasture xx acres, of arrable cxvj acres. 

There is iij lyves in this, the rent yerelie is . . Ixvi viii 



Somerset Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

Thoms Mollens holdeth one Tenemt wth a 
garden orchard and Ixxij acres, of meadowe viij 
acres, of pasture vii acres, of arrable Ivij acres. 
In this there is iij lyves, the rent yerelie is 

George West holdeth one Tenemt with a 
garden orchard and xlviii acres, of meadow vij 
acres, of pasture iij acres, of arrable xxxviij acres. 
In this there is iij lyves, the rent yerelie is 

Thoms Welles holdeth one Tenemt, garden, 
orchard and xlviii acres, of meadowe iij ac, of 
pasture vi ac, of arrable xxx acres. In this is iij 
lyves, the rent yerelie is. . 

John Morgan holdeth one Tenemt, with a 
garden, orchard and xxiiij acres, of meadow iij ac, 
of pasture v ac, of arrable xvj ac. In this there 
is ij lyves ye rent is 

Richard Muckell holdeth one Tenemt with 
garden orchard and xxiii] acres, of meadow i^ac, 
of pasture iij ac.. of arrable xix| ac. In this there 
is one life, ye rent 

Martyn Kyrlley, holdeth one Tenemt, with 
a garden, orchard and xlviij acres, of meadow ij 
acres, of pasture vj acres, of arrable xl ac. In this 
there is ij lyves 

Willm Sambrod holdeth one Tenemt, with a 
garden, orchard and xxiiij acres, of meadowe one 
ac, of pasture iiij ac, of arrable xix ac. In this 
there is one lyfe, ye rent 

Thoms Dybben holdeth one Tenemt with a 
garden, orchard and xij acres, of medowe one acre, 
of pasture one acre, of arrable x acres. In this 
is ij lyves, the yerelie rent 

John Freeman holdeth one Tenemt with a 
garden orchard and xij acres, of medowe one acre, 
of pasture one acre, of arrable x acres, in this is 
ij lyves, the rent is 

George West holdeth one Tenemt with a 
garden, orchard and xxiiij acres, of medowe one 
acre, of pasture iij acres, of arrable xx acres, in 
this is ij lyves, the rent is 

John Freeman holdeth one Tenemt with 
service and paie the yerelie 


XX vi viij 

xxvi viii 

xxxiij iiij 

xiij iiij 


xiij iiij 

vi viij 

vi viij 



Sm of the yerelie Rentes of the farmer and 
copie houlders p. ann . . 

Iiij XV iiij 

(In left margin appears ;^2i45 13 4). 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes &> Queries. 67 

that the farmor and copie holders have couien w^^in 
Cranborne Chace for all sortes of greate cattell. 

The Wooddes that belongeth to the said Manner lyeing in 
diu’se coppices conteyneth verie nere vj acres. 

The p’ticler and names of all the Coppices and Woodes that 
are w‘Mn the manner of Ashemore. 

xixyeresgrowethe i 

First gores coppices 

xxiii acres 




Ashe coppice 



9 9 9 ' 


Great Aldred coppice 




9 9 9 ) 


Nether Binche coppice 




9 9 9 1 


Westonden coppice 




9 9 9 • 


Mores coppice . . 



99 9 , 


Estonden coppice 




9 9 9 9 


Bald coppice 


> » 


99 99 


Penck pytt coppice 


» > 


99 9 , 


Nether binche coppice adioyn- 

ing to Crabtree 



99 9 9 

1 1 

Crabtre otherwise called Patt- 

able coppice . . 




9 9 99 


Longe Brodriche coppice 




• 9 9 9 


Brode oke coppice 




9 9 9 9 


Shide oke coppice 




99 99 


West elden copps 




this yere 



Est elden copps . . 



viij yeres groweth 1 7 

The copps upon Manwood ad- 

ioyning to burses stolle . . 




» j >> 


Burses stolle coppice 




>> >j 


Tollard grene coppice 




>> >» 


Bennets coppice . . 




»» >> 


Estickway coppice 




j» )> 


Greene coppice . , 




>j »» 


Erpitts coppice . . 




>) >> 


The coppice upon Hawle grene 

otherwise called Stony coppice 



Sm of the 

acres of woods . . cccc iiij^^ xiiij ac. 

(In left margin Woods at 34® 8^ acr ;^856 5 



names of the copie holders woodes 


comen wood upon y® east side of Stonden 

vi acres 


comen wood next to Broderiche 


9 9 


comen wood next to Broadoke 


9 9 


corhen wood next to Shidesoke 


9 9 


comen wood next West elden 


9 9 


comen wood upon West wood 


9 9 

Sin acres li acres. 
Woodes in the farmers handes 

One coppice upon Aldred . . . . . . viii ,, 

One comen wood upon the said Aldred and in diuers 


Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

other places upon the said farm « . . . xij acres 

Sm’ XX ac. 

The some of all the said Woodes dothe amount to clxv acres. 
[Then follows a kind of history of the lords of the manor.] 

In libris de Domesdei remanet in Scacc’ sub custod’ Camera- 
sior’ cont*^ ut sequit’ viz : Com’ Dors’ Terra Regis 
f xiiijli Litelfrome 
Valent xxxli Creneborne 

l^xv li Aisemere Hec tria maneria tenuit Brictric 
temp. Regis Edwardi vidlt confessor’ qui fuit ante conquestum, 
Terre vientium Regis 

Willi’mus de Dalmari tenet [terras] iij Tainorum &c. 

Idem Willi’mus tenet Waldic 

Rex tenet Aisemare. Tempore Reg. Edwardi geldabat pro 
viij hidis. Terra est vii, &c, [as in Domesday]. 

Extract, ex quibusdam Recordis intra Turrem London’ reman. 

Esch. anno decimo quarto H. Quarti ( 1412) Joh’nes Beau- 
champ chivaler obiit xiij die Aprilis anno xiij° Henr Quarti et 
Joh’nes Beauchamp filius et heres eius fuit etat. duor. annor. xiiij 
die Januarii anno xiiij eiusdem Regis. 

Esch. anno octavo Henrici Quinti (1420) Joh’nes Beauchamp 
filius et heres Joh’nis Beauchampe chivaler infra etatem et in 
custod’ Regis existens obiit xx“° die Julii anno viij Regis Henr’ 
Quinti sine prole et Margareta soror et heres eius fuit tunc etatis 
undecem annor’ et amplius Editha nup. uxor d’ci Joh’nis 
Beauchamp predic’ nunc uxor Rob’ti Shottesbroke mil’ tenet ad 
terminum vite sue manerium de Ashemore in com’ Dors’ de Comite 
Marche ut de manerio suo de Craneborne p’ quod servic’ jurat’ 
penitus ignorant. 

Esch. anno vicesimo secundo Edwardi Quarti, (1482) 
Margareta, Duciss’ Somerset tenuit manerium de Ashmore in com’ 
Dors, in d’nico suo ut de feod. die quo obiit de Cicillia Ducess’ 
Ebor’ ut de manerio suo de Craneborne p’ fidelit’ tantum pro om’ibus 
serviciis. Et eadem Margareta obiit viii die Augusti Anno xxij 
Regis Edwardi Quarti (1482) et Joh’es St John armiger est eius 
filius et heres p’pinquior et etatis quadragint’ annor’ et amplius. 

Lo. as by Records app’eth is likewise seized of the Barony 
or Lordshippe of Bletsoe amongst diu’se other landes in that 
countie w'^^ descended or came to y^ Lo. by the presaid 
Margaret daughter of Sir John Beauchamp Knt. and sister and 
heire of John Beauchamp Esquire sonne and heire of Sir John 
Beauchamp Knight w^^ Margaret intermarried with John 
[should be Oliver] St. John Esquire yr Lo. undoubted anncester 
and afterwardes married with one of the dukes of Somerset as 
before app’eth. 


Maner’ de Aisemore cii. al. in com’ p’d. 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


43. A Funeral at Beaminster in 1685. — Mrs. Frances 
Tucker, to give her the title by which, though she died a spinster, 
she was known in her own time, is still remembered at Beamin- 
ster owing to her bequest of land to Beaminster School. Her 
father, William Tucker,was a prosperous mercer of the same town, 
her mother Honor, daughter of John Hood of Mosterton, yeo- 
man, being William’s second wife. At her father’s death in 1654, 
Frances, his only child, then aged five or six years, became heiress 
of all his property, which probably represented an income of 
some ^300 a year. Between the time of her mother’s death in 
1664 and the year 1684, she lived for some years either at Bland- 
ford or at the house of her kinsman Samuel Hood, rector of 
Hardington,, Somerset. In the latter year she returned to her 
own house at Beaminster, but a very few months before it was 
destroyed in the fire of 28th June, 1684. She died at Dorchester 
in the following January. The accounts of her executors, filed 
with some proceedings in Chancery, from which most of the 
foregoing particulars are taken, also contain a statement of 
funeral expenses, which seems sufficiently curious to be repro- 
duced. Mrs. Tucker’s will indicates a desire that her funeral 
should be no ordinary function. Suits of mourning were offered 
to relatives to ensure their attendanee, a gift of a ring of the value 
of ten shillings to each minister present was also calculated to 
enhance the importance of the occasion, and two hundred “good 
books ” were to be distributed among the general public. In ac- 
cordance with her wish she was buried in Beaminster Church 
with all due ceremony, as the following accounts show, though 
perhaps the “ good books ” were forgotten. 

Funeral rings 
Funeral gloves 
Wine Sider & Beere . . 

For ringing the great bell at Dorchester 

when she died , . . . . . 6s. 8d. 

Item for a coach to carry her from Dor- 
chester to Beaminster 
Item for the coach horses and servants. . 

Expended on the road uppon the com- 
pany wch attended her 
Item for breaking of the ground in the 

church at Beaminster . . . . 6s. 8d. 

For a lined coffin and gilt hinges 

Item for a suit of buriall linning 
For the use of a velvett Pall to cover the 

Item for two yards of black cloth to cover 
the pulpitt 

Item to Mr. Squibb the minister of 
Beaminster . . - . . 



5 S. 

£ 4 

I OS. 











2 IS. 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

Item paid for her escucheons . . . . £ 4 r 

Item for forty dozin of Cakes . . . 40s. 

Item for provisions att the funerall . . 40s. 

Item for hatt bands & scarfes . . . . 38s. 

Item to servants wch attended at the 

funerall . . . . . . 20s. 

Item for makeing the grave & ringingthe 

Bell att Beaminster .. .. .. los. 

Item for a mourning Suite for Samuell 
Hood & another Suite for Elizabeth his 
wife . . . . , . . . 

One other mourning suite for Mr. Tremor 
Hood . . . . . ' ' £1 

One other Ditto to Mrs. Whittle her sister 
Paid by virtue of a warrant under the hand 
& seale of William Strode Esquire one 
of the Justices of the Peace for the 
County of Dorst for her being buried in 
Dinning .. .. .. • . ;^5 

F. J. Pope. 

44. The Hardys of Toller Whelme. — What was the 
origin of this family ? Hutchins’ account of them begins with 
Thomas Hardy of Toller Whelme, who it is conjectured may 
have been a grandson of Clement le Hardy of Jersey, and who 
was father of Edmund Hardy of Toller Whelme. The earliest 
mention of the name at Toller Whelme on the Subsidy Rolls 
occurs in 1559 when Edmund Hardy was assessed at the con- 
siderable sum of £^0 in goods. The same Edmund in 1559 or 
1560 bought copyhold land in Corscombe for the lives of his sons 
Edmund, Francis and John, but sold it a few years later. At the 
Heralds’ Visitation of Dorset in 1565 he registered a pedigree 
giving the names of himself and his three sons (two generations 
only) but no armorial bearings were then assigned to him. His 
son Edmund (says Hutchins’ History) obtained a grant of a coat 
of arms in 1586. There was an old yeoman family of Hardys at 
Sydling who were there at least as early as 1524 and an Edmund 
Hardy, who was living there in 1540, was in ail likelihood the 
elder of the two Edmunds before-mentioned. Can anyone give 
a trustworthy account of the family for the first half of the i6th 
century.^ It seems very improbable that they came from Jersey. 
It would also be interesting to know if Thomas Hardy, the bene- 
factor of Dorchester School, belonged to the same stock. 

The Hardy pedigree recently printed in ‘ The Three Dorset 
Captains at Trafalgar ’ affords no help. It certainly professes to 
show the descent of Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy from Clement 
le Hardy of Jersey, but mere statements, unsupported by evidence, 
possess no value. There is at least one serious error in this 

Somerset Dorset Notes S* Queries. 71 

pedigree. Anthony Hardy of Portisham, “ born in the reign of 
Elizabeth,” is there said to have been the son of John Hardy, 
(from Toller Whelme), by his marriage in 1596 with Ann Sam- 
ways. In the depositions of the Chancery suit ‘ Hardy v. Hardy’ 
(Bundle 369) it was deposed that Anthony Hardy (Anthony Hardy 
of Portisham, yeoman, as he is styled in other papers of the suit) 
was a party to a deed dated in 1614, Being therefore fully 
twentyone years of age at this date, it follows that he was horn at 
least three years before the marriage of his alleged parents. It is ob- 
viously far more likely that Anthony was descended from the 
Hardys who lived at Portisham and the adjoining villages before 
him, and of whom many are to be found on subsidy and muster 
rolls between the years 1524 and 1596. In conclusion it may be 
mentioned that Hardy was an old Dorset name. William Hardy 
occurs at Charminster on a subsidy roll of 1327 and Henry Herde 
at Abbotsbury on a similar roll in 1332. 

F. J. Pope. 

45. A Poacher’s Bond, 1625. — We are indebted to Mr. 
E. A. Fry for an old Bond or Obligation, by which John Harris, 
of Ashmore, Dorset, is bound in the very considerable sum of 
;^4o to abstain from poaching deer within Cranborne Chace. It 
would seem that John Harris, an husbandman there, had been 
prosecuted, probably at the Verderers’ Court, for some offence of 
this description, and had been relieved from further molestation 
upon his entering on the Bond in question. This involved him 
in some little expense, for the Bond itself cost him a shilling, 
and 2S. 4d. would be required for discharging the presentment, 
when the keeper made it. In addition 3s. 4d. more would have 
to be paid to the Earl of Salisbury as an amercement, — for so the 
word seems to run, but the writing is not clear. 

A Buckstall is defined in Nares’ Glossary as A net to catch 
deer,” but a “ Gapnett” is not mentioned. 

Dorset Editor. 

Nou’int univ’si p phtes me Joh’em Harris de Ashmore in 
com’ Dorset Husbandman ten’i & firmiter oblig’i p’nobili Will’o 
Com’ Salisbury in Quadragint’ libris bone & legal’ monete 
Anglie solvend’ eide Comiti aut suo certo attorn’ executoribus 
administr’s vel assignat’ suis Ad quam quidem solucoem bene & 
fideliter faciend’ oblige me hered’ executores & administratores 
meos firmiter p phtes sigillo meo sigillat’ Dat’ vicesimo secundo 
die Octobris Anno regni dhi n’ri Caroli dei gra’ Anglie Scotie , 
ffrancie & Hib’nie Regis fidei defens’ &c. primo. 

The Condition of the obligacon above written is such That 
if thabove bounden John Harris shall at all tymes during his life 
be true & faythfull to all the Game of Deere w’thin & of the 
Chace of Cramborne {sic) in the Counties of Dorset & Wilts & 


Somerset & Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

shall not at any tyme during his life kill hunte or chace nor cause 
consent or p’cure any other p’son or p’sons whatsoeu’ to kill 
hunte or chace any Bucke Doe or other kinde of Deere whatsoeu’ 
w’thin the Chace of Cramboune {sic) eyther w^^ Hounds Grey- 
hounds or other doggs or Bowes Guns Buckstalls Gapnetts 
Halters or other engines or instrumt’s whatsoeu’ w^^out the leave 
or lycence of thabove named Earle or his Ranger or fforresters of 
the same Chace nor doe or coinitt or cause consent or p’cure any 
other whatsoeu’ to doe or comitt any destruction spoyle wronge 
hurte or damage unto the Deere or Venison of the same Chace or 
to any or eyther of them That then the obligacon above written 
shalbe voyde & of none effect or els it shall stand &be in force & 

Sealed & deliued 

in the p’sence of The m’ke of 

Jo: Fussell John Harris X 

Sam: Stillingfleet 

the mark X of Symon Samwaies. 

rec’ 3®- 2^* vid’ for the bond & disch. the p’ntm* 

when the keep, shall p’nt it he is to pay 3s- 4^. more to the Lord 
for his [am’cemt ?] 

46. Kingman Family (IX. 354). — The following reference 
to the name of Kingman occurs in a Roll of the Court of the 
Manor of Stoforde, Wilts, held 25th September, 26 Elizabeth 
(1584) of which Henry, Earl of Pembroke, was Lord. This roll 
is in the British IMuseum, and is calendared as Add. Roll 24718. 

“ Homagium ibidem, viz. Thomas Boldy, Thomas Kynge- 
man [‘ mortuus ’ written above], Johannes Blake, Willielmus 
Blake senior et Willielmus Blake junior Juratores, venit et pre- 
sentat quod Thomas Kyngeman qui tenuit pro termino vite sue 
unum messuagium et j virgatam terre cum pertinentiis in Stoford 
citra ultimam Curiam obijt unde accessit domino pro herietto j 
equus appreciatus adxxvj s. viij d. super quod venit Agnes nuper 
Relicta dicti Thome Kyngeman defuncti, que premissa predicta 
habere debet durante viduetate sua secundum consuetudinem 
manerij, et petit inde admitti. Et ei concessum, et fecit domino 

Dorset Editor. 

47. A Somerset Yeoman Family. — It is to he observed 
that the population of Somersetshire does not, like that of the manufac- 
turing districts, consist of emigrants from distant places. It is by no 
means unusual to find farmers who cultivate the same land which their 
ancestors cultivated when the Plant agenets reigned in England. The 

Somerset & Dorset Notes & Queries. 73 

Somersetshire traditions are therefore of no small value to a historian^ 

Standing against the south wall of the church at South Brent 
is a weather-worn tombstone, bearing the following inscription : 

Here lieth the body of Thomas Gilijng the elder 




' — I 















Trend wonder not to see our 
Mortal grave) for we ware 
Borne therefore a death must have 
Which being gone Christ calls 
Our Soules into his home) But 
Here our corps must ly untell 


Shall they be together and rest 
With God for ever 



















May the 10 16^8 

The inscription is cut in rude capitals on a large, nearly 
square slab. In several instances two or more letters are com- 
bined into one character, as in monograms, old Latin inscriptions, 
and the compound letters of the Sanscrit alphabet, e.^., the NE 
in BORNE, the THE in THEN, and the NTE in VNTELL. 
The spelling is very inconsistent, and the first bracket of the 
parenthesis is turned the wrong way. The verses are arbitrarily 
divided as here written, and two or three words of the last line 
are illegible. 

The name Gilling is said by Barber to be of ancient Scandi- 
navian or Frisian origin, with an old English suffix. Bardsley, 
the latest authority on names, traces it to Yorkshire, where there 
are two townships of the name, but cautiously mentions that it is 
found further south at an early date. 

In the year 1222 Ralph de Gyllynge was Prior of Merton 
(Manning and Bray’s Hist, of Surrey), and in the same century 
there were persons of the name in Cambridge, Huntingdon, and 
Kent (Bardsley). In Hasted’s Hist, of Kent the following appears 


Somerset & Dorset Notes & Queries. 

in connection with St. Mary’s Church, Sandwich : “ In an antient 

bead-roll of this church there is mention made of John 

Gyllyng and his wife, who made the North window, and gave to 
the reparations of the church 20 £ and los. yearly for ever.” 

In 1285 Robert de Gillyng was a freeman of York. 

In 1433 Master John de Gyllyng was a priest at West Hur- 
ling, Norfolk. 

In 1473 Thomas Gyllyng was buried in the church of St. 
Augustine, Norwich, and gave a new tabernacle for the image of 
the Transfiguration of our Saviour. 

In 1504 John Gyllyng was buried in the porch of the church 
of St. Peter, per Mountagate, Norwich, which he ordered to be 
“honestly paved at his coste.” (Bloomfield’s Hist, of Norfolk). 

Coming now to Somerset we find that in 1262 William Gill’ 
[ing] witnessed two grants of land to the Canons of Bruton 
Abbey — a virgate lying at Cranedon and the rest at Binnepurt ; 
also a grant of half a virgate at Cranedon to Mathew and heirs 
{S.R.S. Vol. 8). 

In the library of Wells Cathedral, preserved in Liber Alhus I, 
is a record of a grant of land made in 1327 to John Gylling of 
Mark-bridge and Juliana his wife, of which document an extended 
copy, kindly furnished, with the permission of Canon Church, by 
Rev. Prebendary Coleman, is attached. (See also Kirby's Quest, 
p. 148, A.D. 1327.) The parish of Mark is immediately adjacent 
to that of South Brent, on the South East. In the same library 
there is also a charter (No. 668) of the year 1462, relating to an 
arbitration in the case of a dispute about land between a man of 
Mark and another, in which the name of Gyllynge occurs {The 
Descent of the Manor of Allertonf by James Coleman. 

Vol. XLV). 

In 1548 John Gillinge held lands at Axbridge and Hunspill 
(sic) and Richard Gillinge at the latter place (S.K.S. Vol. 2). 

In 1556 John Gyllynge of Mark held land at the neighbour- 
ing village of Allerton (S.A.S. Vol. XLVI). In 1586 a man of 
the same name appears in a roll as pykeman, another John Gil- 
linge as a corporal of shotte (marksman), and a Richard Gilling as 
“ shotte ” — all three men of Brent. (Green’s Armada). 

Again, in a lengthy family deed of 29 Eliz. (1586) the names 
and lands of John Gillinge, the elder, John Gillinge, the younger, 
and George Gillinge, all of South Brent, are mentioned. The 
two Johns of this deed are almost certainly identical with John 
the pykeman and John the corporal. There is also mentioned in 
the deed a “ Gillinge Myll,” near Brent, which was perhaps on 
the road to Burnham. 

From this time forward the name is of very frequent occur- 
ence in parish registers, on tombstones, mural tablets, etc., at 
Mark and the neighbourhood. And in the Public Record Office, 
London, there are preserved Inquisitiones Post-Mortem — three of 

Somerset Dorset Notes 0- Queries. 


the reigns of Eliz. and Jas. I. relating to John Gillings, of 
S. Brent, and one of Chas. I. relating to Robert Gilling 
{S.A.S. Vol. XLVII) whose name also appears in the registers of 
this period at Mark. 

In 1686 a Thomas Gilling was bound in ;^ioo surety to 
appear at Wells, and answer for his conduct during the Mon- 
mouth rebellion, and he is shown as having been detained a 
prisoner at Taunton. What became of him is not clear. His name 
does not appear among those of persons executed. Query : was 
he sent to the plantations ? A blank space on the tombstone of 
Thomas Gilling, the elder, who lies buried at South Brent — 
perhaps intended for the names of his children — is suggestive, 
but an entry in the diary of old Dr. Westover of Wedmore makes it 
clear that a few years later there was a Thomas Gilling of Brent, 
who may have been either son or grandson of him of the tomb- 
stone. The entry runs as follows : 

“ F. 205. April 29, 1698. Then paid Thomas Gilling of 
Brent 5 shillings, or lent it which he will outset againe in worke 
or in looking to ye ground etc.*’ {Wedmore Chronicle.') 

In 1701 Edward Gilling, of Hart Hall, Oxford, graduated a 
B.A., and in 1718-1726 was successively curate or incumbent of 
Odcomb, Closworthy, and Montacute, all Somerset parishes 
(Weaver). Meanwhile, in 1702, Wm. Gilling was a churchwarden 
at S. Brent. More recently, i.e. about 1830, “Richard 
Gilling, Esq.,” was one of the principal landholders at Meare, the 
parish next adjoining Mark on the S.E. (Phelps). A successor was 
Revd. George Robert Gilling-Lax for 38 years vicar of Fitzhead, 
Somerset, and latterly of Bournemouth, where he died in 1904 in 
his 72nd year. 

Thus we have traced the family at or near South Brent 
from the 14th to the 20th Century — nigh 600 years— fully 
justifying Macaulay’s observations ; and as the family has still 
plenty of representatives in this locality, there seems no likelihood 
of its early extinction. 


Liber Alh. I. fol. 175 dors. 

Mem. quod vicesimo quarto die mensis Augusti anno Dom. 
1327 constituti personaliter in domo capitulari Wellen. reverendi 
viri domini Johannes de Godelee decanus eccles. Wellen. 
Thomas de Bedford cancellarius Richardus de Thistleden the- 
saurarius Henricus de Stanton Michael de Eston Johannes 
Pymme Johannes Cartell Willelmus de Pencrich et Willelmus de ^ 
Cherleton canonici eccles. Wellen, capitulum facientes unanimi- 
ter concesserunt Johanni Gyllynge de Merkbrigge et Juliane 
uxori sue unum messuagium xii acras et unam perticatam 
terre arrabilis et unam acram prati in Merke et Merkham 
quas Christina atte Brugge, prius de dicto domino Decano 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

tenuit in villenagium et ad septem acras terre arrabilis de 
Hacholaestondes vi acras terre in Foxham quamdiu diet’ 
Johannes et Juliana uxor ejus vixerint vel alter eorurn vixerit 
pro septem decern solidis et novem denariis annui redditus 
domino decano qui protempore fuerit ad quatuor anni terminos 
principals solvendis pro omnibus serviciis, exactionibus et 
demandis sub hac forma videlicet quod dicti Johannes vel Juliana 
uxor sua predicta seu eorurn exitus nullam liberationem tunc in 
sanguine ratione dicte concessionis optineant seu optineat aliquis 
eorurn et quod et quod post mortem eorumdem Johannis et 
Juliane predicta terra sit ejusdem condicionis cujus ante 
concessionem pr^dictam extiterit. 

48. Dorset Freeholders. Cox of Beaminster. — The 
earliest members of the family mentioned in the Beaminster 
Transcripts at Salisbury are (^r) Robert, who had two sons, Robert, 
bap. 1585, and Robert, bap. 1586; (^) William, who had one 
daughter Margaret, bap. 1601 ; (^^) Andrew, who had several 
children, viz. Katharine, bap. 1601, Luce, bap. 1603, Agnes, bap. 
1605, John, bap. 1607 .?, Andrew, bap. 1608, John, bap. 16 ro, 
Henrie, bap. 1613 ; Richard. 

I. Richard Cox, born circa 1575, had one son, 

II. Ralph Cox, bap. loth February, 1604, living at Bea- 
minster in 1630, and paid Hearth Tax there in 1664. He had 
one son, 

III. Lancelot Cox, who paid Hearth Tax at Beaminster 
in 1664, and coined tokens there in 1667. He had three 
children, i. Samuel, a Dissenting Minister in London, wLo also 
had three children, viz. Samuel, who went abroad and never re- 
turned, Mary, who married Rev. William Burkitt, M.A., author 
of Annotations on the N. T., Vicar and Lecturer of Dedham, 
Essex, 1692, died 1703, and a second daughter, marr. to Rev. . . 
Atkinson; 2. Daniel; 3. Martha. 

IV. Daniel Cox, above mentioned, died 1719. He married 
a Gifford, of Burdlestone, and had a son, Samuel, and two 

V. Samuel Cox, who died Feb. 9, 1741, aet, 58, married 
first, Elizabeth Lack, of Beaminster (before the beginning of the 
existing Beaminster Registers, which commence in 1686), and 
by her had a child who died an infant. He married secondly, at 
Netherbury, 8 July, 1717, Mary, daughter of William Painter, of 
Beaminster, who died Nov., 1773, and by her he had three sons, 
Samuel, Daniel and John. Samuel died unmarried April 28, 
1801 ; John, a surgeon, died unmarried Nov. 28, 1783, The 
second son, 

VI. Daniel Cox, merchant, died 23 Oct., 1778, aged 57; 
(Arms on his monument, Sable, a chevron between three stags' heads 

Somevset <S» Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


cahossed, couped below the eyes argent. Crest : A stag couchant.) 
Married Mary, daughter of Abraham Parker, of Thornecombe, 
who died 20 May, 1796, aet. 71, and had issue, i. Mary, died 
unmarried; 2. Betty, died s.p. 22 Aug., 1823, aet. 69, mar. to James 
Daniel, of Beaminster ; 3. Samuel, died young ; 4. Daniel, died 
17 Aug., 1810, aet. 54, who married Ann, daughter of Thomas 
Willmot, of Beaminster, and had one child, Ann; 5. Samuel, 
died young; 6. Samuel (No. VII) ; 7. Mary, marr. to John Banger 
Russell, Esq., died 14 Nov., 1825, and had four children, viz : i. 
John Cox, died unm. 1819 ; ii. Virtue, marr. Samuel Cox (VIII) ; 
iii. Ann, marr. (i) Harvey E. Way, Esq., (2) Capt. Henry-Perin 
Steele; iv. Mary-Parker-Slee, marr. (i) Rev. Edward-Cook 
Forward, (2) George Louis, Esq. ; 8. Anne, died unm. in 1829. 

VII. Samuel Cox, bap. 21st April, 1758, at Beaminster, 

died 10 April, 1822, aet. 63, marr. there in 1790, Ann, (only 
daughter and heiress of Richard Symes, Esq., Barrister at Law, 
of Beaminster,) who died 4 Sep., 1822, aet. 52, and had issue 
I . Samuel ; 2. Ann-Symes, died Sep. 12, 1813, aet. 2 1 ; 3. Eliza- 
beth, died unm., 30 July, 1842 ; 4. Richard-Symes, who died 
I July, 1845, having marr. Maria-Perkins, daughter of John 
Pinney, Esq. of Blackdown, and had several children ; 5. Mary, 
died 1852 ; 6. Daniel, died unm. 10 March, 1825; 7. Fanny, 
died young; 8. John, died 1828, unm.; 9. Peter, marr. Ann, 
daughter of William Leigh, Esq., (see end); 10. George, marr. 
Susan Hurle, daughter of Jos. Cooke, Esq., died 22 April, 1877 
(see end) ; 1 1 . William, marr. Ellen, daughter of Nath. Clarkson, 
Esq., died 24 Dec., 1877, named 

Charles who both died young ; 14. Charlotte, marr. to Robert, 
eldest son of William Leigh, Esq., of Bardon, Somt., and died 10 
June, 1875, leaving children; 15. Fanny, marr. to Rev. Jas. 
Woodward Scott, Rector of Bettiscombe, Dorset, and died 17 
Jan., 1883, leaving children. 

VIII. Samuel Cox, born 9 Sep., 1790, marr. Virtue, 
(born 9 Sep., 1816, and died 23 June, 1863), daughter and co- 
heiress of J. Banger Russell, Esq. ; he was a Justice of the Peace 
for 33 years and Deputy Lieutenant for Dorset and 25 years 
Chairman of the Board of Guardians, from whom he received a 
testimonial on his retirement. He died 22 Oct., i860, and had 
issue I. Samuel-Syaies ; 2, John-Russell, born at Chedding- 
ton 19 Dec., 1818, died unm. 28 Oct., 1895 ; 3. Charles, born 
at Cheddington 31 May, 1820, died unm. 15 Oct., 1852; 4. 
Ellen, born at Beaminster 29 Dec., 1821, died unm. 1868; 5. 
Henry, born at Beaminster 28 May, 1823, died 3 Jan., 1900, 
marr. Mary-Shand-Reid Ralph and left two children Harry and' 
Dorothy-Lilias ; 6. Ann-Margaret, born at Beaminster 10 
Nov., 1824, died 5 Jan., 1854; 7. Mary-Russell, born 23 Aug., 
1826, died 9 June, 1868, marr. to Rev. Robert Fitzgerald 
Meredith, Rector of Lewcombe, and had 9 children, viz. Robert- 


Somerset Dorset Notes &' Queries. 

Fitzgerald, William-Henry, and others ; 8. Georgina, born 12 
Mar., 1828, died 29 May, 1880. 

IX. Samuel-Symes Cox, born at Cheddington 4 Sep., 1817, 
married (i) at Bury, Lancs., 2 Sep., 1846, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Jas. Taylor, Esq., of Glasgow, who died 22 Nov., 1856. (2) Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Feetham, Esq., of Weybridge, Surrey, 19 
April, i860. He was a Lieut, in H.M.’s iithRegt. in 1840, 
Capt. 1844, Major in 56th Regt. in 1854, Lieut. -Col. 1855 ; with 
his regiment at the capture of Sebastopol 9 Sep., 1855, medals 
and clasp and Turkish medal. Elected Chief Constable for 
Dorset 14 Oct., 1S56, and resigned i Nov., 1867 ; on which oc- 
casion he received the thanks of the Court of Quarter Sessions 
for his services. Elected Chairman of Board of Guardians 1871, 
having taken up his residence at the Manor House, Beaminster, 
in 1867. J. P. for Dorset. He died 22 Oct., 1884, and had 
issue by his ist wife i. Samuel-James-Russell, born at Gibraltar 
14 July, 1 847, died s.p. 8 June, 1872, aet. 24, married Eliza Delany 
at Fitzroy, Melbourne, i Jan., 1870; 2. Jane-Marianne, born at 
Gibraltar, marr. (i)to John Vicary, Esq., of Newton Abbot, Devon, 
9 April, 1874, by whom she has issue i. Margaret-Mary, ii. Edith- 
Marion, iii. John, died at school, 1891, iv. Ernest-Samuel ; (2) to 
Col. Edward Scopoli Walcott, of Rock House, Chudleigh, Devon, 
in 1900; 3. John-Russell; 4. Peter-Henry, born at Brompton 
II Nov., 1852, marr. Ann-Selina, daughter of Capt. Harris, 24th 
Regt., then residing at Benares, Canada West ; 5. William, marr. 
Lilla-Isabel Anderson of Moriston, Ontario, Canada, and has a 
son, Samuel-Russell, born at Burford, Ontario, 3 April, 1880. 

X, John Russell-Cox, born at Mosley St., Manchester, 6 
Sep., 1851, J. P. for Dorset, marr. Marianne-Frances, daughter 
of Rev. Chas. Marriott Leir, of Charlton Musgrove, Somt. 
22 July, 1880, and has three daughters, viz. i. Mary-Frances- 
Gladys, marr. 26 April, 1906, to Rev. Charles-Stafford Jones, 
2. Violet- Rosamund, 3. Marion-Irene- Russell. 

Collateral Branches. 

Peter Cox, son of Samuel (VII), died Jan. 20, 1892, 
aet. 91, marr. Ann, daughter of William Leigh, Esq., had issue 
I. Peter, died ii Sept., 1850, at Bekfeya on Mount Lebanon, 
unm.; 2. Ann-Symes, marr. to Rev. Edward-Fiennes Trotman, 
B.C.L., Vicar of Marshfield and Hon. Canon of Bristol, and has 
issue, with others, Fiennes, of Beaminster, marr. Hilda, daughter 
of Thomas Russell, Esq. ; 3. William, died young ; 4. Frances- 

George Cox, son of Samuel (VII), marr. Susan Hurle 
Cooke and died 22 April, 1877, and had issue i. George, died 
young; 2. Susan, died 1902; 3. Joseph-Cooke, marr. Mary 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Hill, Esq., of Paulton, and has one 

Somerset Dorset Notes <S» Queries. 


daughter living ; 4. Charlotte-Hill, marr. to John Lane Kit- 
son, Esq., of Beaminster, whose children are i, William-Buller, 
died young; ii. Henry-Lane, marr. Dorothy Kitson : iii. Con- 
stance-Mary, died 1901 ; iv. Arthur-John ; 5. Ellen-Elizabeth- 
Daniel, marr. to Arthur C. Loggin, Esq. 

For the following notes I am once more indebted to Mr. 
F. J. Pope. 

Suits in Chancery, etc. 

Robert Cox, of Beaminster, yeoman, had 
been granted by deed of 7 Jan., 36 Eliza- 
beth, a lease of premises in Rampisham. 

Raphe Cox, a tenant of the Manor of 
Beaminster Prima or Beaminster Secunda. 

17 Charles i Andrew Cox, of Beaminster, husbandman, 
aged 30. 

Wills in P.C.C. 

1696 (62 Bond) — Will of Josua Cox of Beaminster, clothier, 
{i.e., clothmaker). Dated 1695. 

1725 (56 Romney) — Will of Henry Willmont of Beaminster, 
sergemaker, mentions his daughter, Mary Cox, widow. 

Wills in Prehendal Court of Netherbury. 

Will of Elizabeth Cox, the elder, of Beaminster, widow. 
Dated 20 Dec., 1701, and proved 13 Dec., 1703. — My sons, John 
C., Benjamin C., deceased, (father of Mary C., and Ralph C.), 
Joseph C. (father of William C., and Joshua C., deceased, hus- 
band of Martha C.). — My daughter-in-law, Mary C., widow. — 
My daughters, Mary Boyland, Thomazine Clift, Hanna Little, and 
Sarah Hoskins. — My son-in-law, Charles Hoskins. [Inventory 
was taken 20 Sept., 1703.] 

Will of Martha Cox of Beaminster, widow. Dated 25 April, 
1720, and proved 4 June, 1729. — My son, James C. (father of 
James C., Samuel C., and Mary C.) — My grand-daughter, Eliza- 
beth C. — My daughter, Mary, wife of Robert Harris. 

Dorset Hearth Tax, Dated 1664. 

Beaminster, — Launcellott Cox, 2. Ralph Cox, 7. 

Edmund Nevill. 

49. Rycheman OR Richman Family. (X. 21.) — I do not 
know whether the fact will have any interest for your corres- 
pondent, but I can certify him that a Matthew Rychman was priest 
in charge of the Parish of Northwood in the Isle of Wight, from 
1582 to 1587, and married there. He was a particularly bad 
writer, his characters, at first sight, looking equally decipherable 
whether held npside down or right way up. I felt, however, 

36 Elizabeth 

4 Charles 1 

7 Charles i 


Somerset &• Dorset Notes Queries. 

drawn to my predecessor in the cure by his engaging habit of 
writing personal items of information, as well as his sermon-notes, 
in vacant leaves of the Church Register. I was finally able to 
make out this entry about his coming to the Parish and his 
departure from it. 

‘ I came to Northwood the XXIIII yeare of the queen’s 
‘ Rayne Ano Dni 1582 and about a fortnight after mydsomer 
‘which was about July ye mid. 

Matthew Rychman.’ 

‘I resigned the VIII day January Aho Dni 1587 and the 
‘ XXIX yeare of the Queen’s Rayne, and the Friday after Twelfth 
‘ Day.’ 

In the year 1583 I found an entry — ‘ I was maryed ’ — altered 
to a more correct form ‘ Matthew Rychman was married to 
‘Joan Ides.’ 

Elsewhere a lengthy account of a visit to Lyndhurst ‘ to 
fetch a mare ’ is given, with items of expenditure, ‘ wyffe and I.’ 

He was evidently a sturdy protestant, one of his sermon- 
notes which I copied out ran as follows : 

‘ Men have ytchinge eares and therefore procure unto popes 
‘for teachers to feed their fond humour; When too hygh- 
‘ mynded, self-wylled lovers of themselves, being wedded to their 
‘ owne willes and marryed to their owne devyces they leave the 
‘lawe of God and follow the tradytion of men. What I say (?) is 
‘ the cause that there be so many Papystes in England is (not 
‘ because the true preachers are not beleeved) the trueth offendeth, 

‘ the Scriptures myslike them. They are delighted with falsehood 
‘ and content to stay themselves upon m.en’s inventions. 
‘ Precepts are gyven, and yet the precepts of God are not 
‘ regarded, the ensamples of the constant and faithful marters of 
‘ God are deryded and scoffed at, the wholesome counsels of the 
‘ godly eyther are lightly contemned or els heard with so small 
‘ profyt that they enter in at ye one eare and go out at the other.’ 

Stalbridge Rectory, Dorset. Charles Edwd. Seaman. 

50. A Token of Mells. — The following is a description 
of an unpublished seventeenth century token of Somerset. 

obv : Richard More, 1670. 
rev : Mells. Sommerse^ 

K 1 

The rector of Mells, in reply to an enquiry from me, has kindly 
searched the Parish books for any trace of the issuer, and finds 
that Richard More was present at the Easter Vestry of 1675, 
when he signed the accounts in the handwriting of a well 
educated man. H.S. 

51. Medieval Stone Pulpits. — In the Church of Stratton- 
on-the-Fosse there is, just outside the chancel arch, on the South 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 8i 

side, a small stone erection, usually described as a pulpit, and 
at the present day used as such. Kelly’s Somerset Directory calls 
it a “ Stone pulpit of the Early Perpendicular period.” In Priddy 
church, on the Mendips, there is to be seen a similar feature in 
the same position. In this latter case it conceals what is left of 
a staircase, and there are evidences of more steps leading further 
up in spiral fashion, which have however been demolished. In 
the Stratton example, the continuation of the steps has been 
more effectually destroyed at a little height from the ground level, 
evidently so as to render possible the use of this feature as a 
pulpit. Is it not incorrect to regard these as “ early stone 
pulpits ” } Are they not, rather, merely screens masking the 
staircase leading to the Rood-loft Can any reader tell me of 
other examples, either in Somerset or elsewhere } 

Downside Abbey, Bath. G. C. Alston, O.S.B. 

[There are fine examples of medieval stone pulpits at 
Kewstoke, Hutton, Lockinge and other neighbouring churches. 

Editor for Somerset.] 

52. Blake of Bridgwater. — Foster’s Baronetage of 
England, 1872, states that Joseph Blake, one of the Lords pro- 
prietors of Carolina, etc., was a son of Francis Blake, third son 
of Sir Valentine, third Baronet of Menlo, Co. Galway. 

This is erroneous, as there is conclusive evidence that Joseph 
was the son of Captain Benjamin, the latter a brother of Admiral 
Robert. See Oldnixon’s History of British Empire in America, 
and South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. i. 

Benjamin Blake was baptised at Bridgwater in 1614. Name 
of wife, date of marriage, and date of baptism of son Joseph 
wanted. The latter was Governor of Carolina. 

Francis E. Blake, Boston, Mass. 

53. The Cerne Society of 1805.— Was this a Provident 
or Friendly society, or was it a Commercial organization } One 
is reminded of its existence by the survival of a few copper and 
brass medals (diameter i-^in.) inscribed Cerne Society 1805 on 
both obverse and reverse. The field is countermarked on one 
side with the head and neck of a horse, on the other with R.B. 
and a progressive number, No. 83 being the highest I have met 
with. In one instance the piece occurs without countermarkings 
on either side. 

The horse’s head is somewhat suggestive of an agricultural 
society, or even of a sign board. 

The earliest printed directory of Cerne Abbas (1791) contains 
no name which could be represented by the initials R.B., and 
the next issue in 1823 also affords no help in solving the identity 
of the presumed founder or organizer. Can any resident in the 
neighbourhood throw light on the origin of this medal ? 

H. Symonds. 


82 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

54. Heraldry of Shelford and Shaftesbury Abbey 
(X. 3 I .) — There is a great deal of investigation needed in clearing 
up this matter, so that I can only send a few notes to help further 

Why was the brass in Bramley It is not given in my 
Boutell, edit. 1847, Justice Simpson’s list, 1857, gives it, 
though with the date 1508. (So the plain iiij was misread). 
Was it because Gwen More was a connection of William Moore — 
Berry’s Hants Genealogies — who married the heiress of Brocas, 
perhaps his second wife, though not stated, neither of course are 
there any dates to guide one, but it is given that he was of Bur- 
field, Berks, when he would most likely bear a moorcock as his 
coat ? 

Next, I do not think an Abbess had any right to impale her 
arms, if she had any, with the Abbey, like Bishops and their 
Sees ; on the seals they placed them in the exergue, when very 
ambitious, but they generally used the common seal, and as far as 
I can make out the Shaftesbury one had no arms on it. Now 
the arms which Hutchins gives are more likely to be those of 
King Edward, their buried martyr, than King Alfred, and later, 
though I cannot answer the Canon’s query when, ‘Argent on a 
pale, between two cotises sable three roses of the field seeded or.’ 
Dr. Tanner’s blazon of this, only given in the plate in my 
abridged edition, 1695, Blight read correctly as above, but the 
one of his, I suppose in the text, given on p. 32, is false ; which 
can only be made a true blazon by being, ‘ Azure on a pale sable 
fimbriated argent three roses of the last, seeded or.’ In my two 
vol. Hutchins the somewhat similar shield of the brass is stated 
in the Appendix IT, p. 498, to be in the crown Mr. Twinehow’s 
House ; so unless it was removed from the Abbey, it would be a 
family coat. Now curiously, unless the birds are blazoned wrong, 
there is no Twinehow coat among them, but there are a great 
many heathcocks, which would be Moore or More, so it looks as 
if the house belonged previously to that family ; and as Gwen 
married into it, her coat would naturally be there; yet the Baron 
is there cotised, therefore different from the brass and becoming 
the Abbey coat. Here is the crux, and I am inclined to think 
that the true Shelford is on the brass, and that the Abbey coat 
was wrongly blazoned in the house, instead of the true one. 

The part of the inscription is worth noticing where it says 
‘ of the cite of Harford ’; now by the spelling one would think 
this to be Hertford, but that was always a town, so this must 
mean Hereford, which would be nearer Gwen’s probable nation- 
ality (but I cannot find any reference to her in Welsh or Here- 
ford books) since the Femme points strongly to her being an 
Edwards. F. W. 

55. Abbot Whiting’s Chair, Kingweston Church, 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


Somerset. — By the kindness of our subscriber, the Rev. G. de 
Y. Aldridge, Rector of Kingweston, we are able to give an 
illustration of Abbot Whiting’s Chair. Collinson (II. 81) gives 
the following account of it : 

“ In the chancel is deposited a chair formerly belonging to 
Glastonbury Abbey. It is of oak, the back divided into two 
compartments, embellished with Gothic carvings in relief ; on 
one side a shield bearing a crosier with the initials R.W. (for 
Richard Whiting, the last abbot of Glastonbury) and on the 
other side a shield charged with a cross botone, between two 
leopards’ heads in chief and in base two cinquefoils. 

This chair was purchased by the late Mr. Dickinson of Mr. 
More of Greinton, and deposited here as a relick of monastical 

The illustration is from, a photograph by Mr. J. R. H. Weaver. 

The Editors. 

56- MS. BELONGING TO WiTHAM Priory. — In the 
Bodleian Library at Oxford there is a MS. called Bodley 801 
(otherwise numbered 2659. 182.) It is in Latin on parchment, 
contains 268 leaves, and is made up out of four MSS. It was 
written in the first half of the 15th century. 

The MS. is of great local interest as there is an inscription 
on the first folio that it was presented to the House of the B.M. 
of Witham of the Carthusian Order by Master JohnBlacman; 
also on the last folio in writing of the i6th century are the words 
“ Stephanus Battmanus huius libri possessor.” It was presented 
to the Bodleian Library by Sir Walter Cope in 1602. 

It consists of the following treatises. 

A I. Summa clericorum. 

2. Meditations from Holy Scripture (Augustine, Bernard 
and Anselm). 

B 3. A metrical summary of each chapter of the Bible. 

C 4. A manual of theology. 

5. Bp. Grosseteste on Pastoral Care. 

6. Questions on the Seven Mortal Sins. 

D 7. Peter Alfonsus contra Judeos. 

For the above particulars we are indebted to Mr. Falconer 
Madan, F.S.A. F.W.W. 

57. Pyne Family, Co. Somerset. — The following notes 
on this family may be interesting and useful. 

John Pyne, of North Pedyeton, in A.D. 1497 paid 20/- for 
assisting Perkyn Warbeck’s rebellion. 

In 1603 John Pyne, Esquire, witnesses the will of Sir John 
Stawell, of Cothelstone. 

The military exploits of the famous Valentine Pyne, 1603- 
1677, son of George Pyne, of Curry Malet, need no descripton. 

John Pyne, of Curry Malet, becomes a Presbyterian elder in 


Someyset^&> Dorset Notes Queries. 

1645. In 1738 John Pyne, of Curry Malet, executes a deed with 
Henry Vye, of Swanwich, co. Dorset, 

The following are from the Parish Register ofBishop’s Hull, 

1632. Catheren the daughter of Andrew Pine Gent" and 
Catheren his wife was baptised the 25^11 day of May. 

1636. John the sonne of Andrew Pyne Gent : man and 
Catheren his wife was baptised the of May. 

1637. John the sonne of Andrew Pyne Esq. was buried the 
20^^ of March. 

1639. Henry the sonne of Andrew Pyne Gent, and Kathe- 
rine his wife was baptised 26 Janay. 

1642. Andrew Pyne Gent was buryed the 29 day of March. 

In 1641 Andrew Pyne had goods worth £$. 

On April 17^^-' 1658, the Churchwardens’ Accounts of Norton 
Fitzwarren were “Sworne and allowed” by John Pyne and Ri: 

Extracts from St. James’ Registers, Taunton. 

1680. July ye ii day was baptised Edward ye sone of John 

1682. Ye 2 Day was Buried July 1682 in Woollin hugh 


On June ye 2"^^ 1701 Augustine Pine and Mary Leddiard 
were married at St. Michael’s Church, West Newton. 

On July ye 3^^ 1715 John Diitheridge and Joan Pine both of 
ye Parish, were married. 

Was this Joan Pine descended from either the Bishop’s Hull 
or Curry Malet stock Sidney E. Dodderidge. 

58. Atkins Family of Skilgate, Co. Somerset. — At 
the end of the i8th century there lived at Skilgate a John Atkins 
who, by Elizabeth his wife, had issue — Sarah, bap. 20 Mar,, 
1785; Ann, bap. 18 Mar., 1787; Thomas, bap. 26 July, 1789; 
Mary, bap. 2 Sept., 1792; Fanny, bap. 21 June, 1795. 

Was this John Atkins descended from the Atkins family of 
Minehead, co. Somerset.? Sidney E, Dodderidge. 

59. Jennings Family of Hillfarrance, Co, Somer- 
set.— The following notices of this family appear in the Hill- 
farrance Parish Registers. 

Robert Jennings, buried at Hillfarrance 28 Sep., 1760, had 
issue by his wife, Mary, buried at Hillfarrance 31 Oct., 1756, 

I. Thomas Jennings, who died at Hillfarrance in 1764, and 
who by his wife Betty, had issue : — Betty, bap. 9 Feb., 
1752 ; Elizabeth, bap. 13 Feb., 1754; John, bap. 17 Oct., 
1756: Thomas, bap. 19 June, 1759; Bettey, bap. 10 
May, 1761; William, bap. 8 Jan., 1764. 

Somerset 6* Dorset Notes ^ Queries. 


2. Robert Jennings, who married Alice Shoplin, of Hill- 

farrance, 7 Oct., 1759, and was buried 21 April, 1793. 
By his wife, who was buried 5 April, 1815, aged 86, 
he had issue: — Fanny, bap. 21 Mar., 1760, and who 
married at Hillfarrance 12 April, 1784, George Dud- 
deridge, of Norton Fitzwarren and Allarford, and had 
issue: — Betty, bap. 23 Feb., 1762; Martha, bap. 7 Dec., 
1764; Mary, bap. 12 July, 1767; Hannah, bap. 14 May, 
1770; Robert, bap. 8 Nov., 1772, and buried 17 Dec., 
1775; Alice, bap. 25 Dec., 1774, and buried 25 Dec., 


3. William Jennings, who by his wife, Joan, had issue : — 

Robert, bap. 30 Oct., 1760; Robben, bdp. 12 Feb., 
1762; Mary, bap. 21 Nov., 1764. 

4. Elias Jennings, who by his wife, Ann, had issue: — 

William, bap. 5 Jan., 1763; Henry, bap. 18 Nov., 1764. 

5. Edward Jennings, who by his wife, Sarah, had issue : — 

Joane, bap. 6 Mar., 1764; John, bap. 25 Dec., 1765. 

Was this family descended from Jennings, of Churchill, co. 
Somerset, or from Jennings, of Curry Rivel, whose pedigree is 
extant from 1490 ? Sidney E. Dodderidge. 

60. Hawkes of Stogumber. — Was this ever reckoned a 
Somerset county family Sidney E. Dodderidge. 

61. Dampier Family. — Several families of the name of 
Dampier have lived in Somerset and Dorset during the last few 
centuries. The present family at Yeovil came from the village of 
Kingsdon, and are decsended from Reginald Dampyre or 
Dampere, who married Agnes in 1559 and died in 1568. Other 
Dampiers lived at Blackford and Colinshayes, near Bruton. Of 
this f^amily Thomas Dampier was Bishop of Ely from 1808 to 
1812, and his half-brother. Sir Henry Dampier, was a Judge of 
the High Court, The name also occurs in the Registers of East 
Coker (where William Dampier, the Navigator, was born in 1652) 
Yeovil, Queen’s Camel, etc. In the eighteenth century another 
family appears at Corfe Castle and Langton Matravers ; a 
present representative is Captain C, F. Dampier, R.N. Captain 
Dampier and the present writer have worked out the pedigrees 
of all the families named above. No definite connexion has 
been established between them, and the origin of them all is 
obscure. Isolated instances of the name occur in Patent and 
Close Rolls (especially temp. Henry III.), and a branch of the 
family seems to have lived in Lincolnshire, for a Richard 
Dampyr, born at Serby, near Caistor, co. Lincoln, was Vicar of 
Combe St. Nicholas, and died in 1504. Family tradition speaks 
of a French origin, and it is possible that the name was intro- 


Somerset S= Dorset Notes Queries. 

duced into England by a member of the ancient French house of 
de Dampierre. An account of Le Maison de Dampierre was 
published by M. I’Abbe Maistre in 1884, but the author is 
naturally more concerned with the distinguished branches of the 
family who gave Counts to Flanders and founded the line' of the 
Bourbons than with possible emigrants to Fmgland. Can any of 
your readers throw light on the subject ? 

Trinity College, Cambridge. W. C. D. Whetham. 

62. Boundaries of Dorset. — There were, during the last 
century, several alterations in the boundaries of Dorset, Somerset 
and Devon, by v/hich parishes were transferred from one county 
to another, and it is occasionally difficult to determine offhand to 
which county some of these parishes now belong. The follow- 
ing transfers have been noted by me from time to time, and if 
others can be added we shall have in these pages an exhaustive 
and authoritive list of these transfers, so far as Dorset is affected. 

I. Transfers from Dorset. Popu- 

a. to Devon. 




I and 2 Dalwood, 20 Oct., 1844 




I and 2 Stockland, ,, 




5 Chardstock, 30 Sept., 1896 



1 000 

5 Hawkchurch, ,, 



Total to Devon 

i 7 »i 23 



h. to Somerset. 

4 Wambroook, 31 Mch., 1896 

1 867 



Total transfers from Dorset r8, 990 663 2,782 

2. Transfers to Dorset, 
c.fvom Devon. 





I, 2 and 3 ' 

Beerhall and Easthay, 20 Oct., 1844 

formerly portions of Axminster, now 

- 5416 



included with 

I and 2 Thorncombe, 20 Oct.. 1844 
d. from Somerset. 

I and 2 Holwell (including Buckshaw 

Tithing), 20 Oct., 1844 




4 Goathill, 31 Mch., 1896 



5 ' 

4 Poyntington ,, 




4 Sandford Orcas ,, 

1 104 



4 Seaborough ,, 




4 Trent ,, 




Total from Somerset 



IH 79 

Total transfers to Dorset 

1 2,464 



Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


It will be seen that taking the Census of 1901 (from which 
all the figures are quoted) the various transfers have resulted in a 
loss to Dorset of 6,526 acres, 195 houses and 799 population. 

The following are the Acts of Parliament under which these 
transfers were made. 

(1) . 2 and 3 William IV. c. 64 (ii July, 1832) An Act to 

settle, &c., the divisions of Counties, &c., in England 
and Wales, in so far as respects the election of Mem- 
bers to serve in Parliament. 

(2) . 7 and 8 Vic. c. 61 (6 Aug., 1844) An Act to annex 

detached parts of counties to the counties in which they 
are situated. 

(3) . 45 and 46 Vic. c. 58 (18 Aug., 1882) Sec. 2, enacts that 

detached parts of parishes are to form parts of parishes 
surrounding them. 

(4) . 58 and 59 Vic. c. xci. (6 July, 1895) Local Govern- 

ment Board’s Provisional Orders Confirmation (No. 12) 
Act 1895. 

(5) . 59 and 60 Vic. c. Ixxv. (2 July, 1896) Local Govern- 

ment Board’s Provisional Orders Confirmation (No. 3) 
Act 1896. 

(These Local Government Board’s Orders are made under 
Sec. 54 of the Local Government Act, 1888). Geo. S. Fry. 

63. Dorchester Beer. — In William Gawler’s Poem on 
Dorchester, published in 1743, the following lines occur, setting 
forth the fame of the town as the producer of an excellent Beer. 

“ See ! near at hand a Semi-circle rise. 

Objects of modern Wonder and Surprize ; 

A Roman Amphitheatre appears. 

The unmaim’d Relique of two thousand years. 

Fast by its Side the Road to Weyfnouth leads. 

Where the full Car with solemn Pace proceeds. 

That bears the Barley’s animating Juice ; 

What Town such British Nectar can produce ! 

Burton and Nottingham in vain compare. 

Whilst foreign Kings delight in Dorset Beer ! 

A foot-note adds that “ An eminent Dealer in Dorchester 
Beer, now living in London, reckons amongst his Customers the 
late Czar, the Kings of Prussia and Denmark, as well as his late 
and present Majesty of Great Britain.” 

Can anyone state at what period this industry became famous 
in Dorchester, and who were the principal brewers there in or 
before Gawler’s time, and also identify the London Dealer 
mentioned in the note ? 



Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


64. Origin of the Anglo-Saxon Race. — A Study of 

the Settlement of England and the Tribal Origin of the Old 
English People, by the late Thomas William Shore; edited by 
his sons, T. W. Shore and L. E. Shore, London : Elliot Stock, 62, 
Paternoster Row, E.C. 1906. 8vo., pp. vi. + [0 Price 9s. 

A volume of considerable interest has recently been published 
by Mr. Elliot Stock under the above title, which merits attention. 
It is the work of the late Mr. T. W. Shore, and having been left 
practically complete at his death, has now been edited and issued 
by his sons. 

The author has dealt with the problem he has undertaken 
from the point of view of the philologist and anthropologist, as 
well as with reference to archaeology and law. One of the con- 
clusions at which he has arrived is that “ the Old English or 
Anglo-Saxon race was formed on English soil out of many tribal 
elements, and that the settlers who came here were known among 
themselves by tribal names, many of which still survive in those 
of some of the oldest settlements where they lived under 
customary and kindred law.” 

In addition to the Introduction and Conclusion, the work 
consists of 22 chapters, in which the author has treated, in much 
detail, of the various tribes which he believes to have migrated 
to this country, and of the settlements they made in various parts 
of Britain. Particularly interesting is Chap, ix., which is con- 
cerned with Customs of Inheritance which the new comers brought 
with them. The whole book, however, though in parts a little 
diffuse, is worthy of careful study, which we hope it will receive. 


65. A School History of Somerset. By Walter 
Raymond, with seventy illustrations. Methuen & Co., 36, Essex 
St., W.C. London, [1906]. Sm. 8vo., pp. xii-f 217. 

Children of the present day become objects of envy in the 
eyes of those whose childhood is a thing of the distant past, 
when the efforts now made to lighten the necessary drudgery 
of school are taken into consideration. We lapse into this 
moralizing strain on turning the leaves of the School History 
of Somerset, of Mr. Walter Raymond, which has just issued from 
the press. Within the space of a little over 200 pages is com- 
prised, as the name of the author would give us reason to expect, 
a very readable narrative, dealing with the principal features of 
the County, and the remarkable events of which it has been the 
scene. It also contains numerous pictorial illustrations, chiefly 
of landscapes and buildings, which should appeal to the interest 
of the youthful readers. We notice a few slips or misprints, which 
will doubtless be removed in the next edition. 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


66. Inquisttiones Post Mortem for Dorset. (VIII. 
PP- 185,233, 281, 329, IX. pp. 49, 96, 145, 193, 241, 289, 337, X. 
p. 41).— 

Mary for 5 weeks 5 small “ Schryvelings for drying the skins of 
the lord’s lambs. And the shepherd ought to have i dinner for 
2 daysworks, and at the 3 hundreds of assize. He ought also to 
have 50 ewes or hogs with the lord’s sheep in the south field. In 
the north field he ought to have 60 sheep everywhere with the 
lord’s. And he ought to have the entrails {}) of i sheep, if 2 are 
killed, for the dayswork. Also the most honest woman of the 
whole town ought to be dairy maid as the town shall choose, to 
make the lord’s cheese, and she ought to have i cow with the 
lord’s oxen in summer everywhere except the meadow, and i 
woman gleaning in the autumn in the lord’s land. The 3 house 
workmen and the 4 house cottars from the fountain to milk the 
sheep of the lord of custom, and for the poverty of the said 
houses other women shall milk and unjustly because for that 
cause no man of value (worth) will give there his daughter. If any 
man holding half a virgate of land shall die, the lord shall have 
for his mortuary for a heriot the best beast, and if he shall not 
have any beast, the lord shall have the best half acre of the land of 
the deceased seized for a heriot. If any man shall cover with stub- 
ble or forage the lord’s houses he shall have for his work a small 
“ schryvelyng ” of the “ Strych ” house, if any shall help him with 
the work he shall have in the same way a small “ schryvelyng.” 
And if any man shall make or shall help to make a hayrick for 
forage for the work they shall have a small “ schryvelyng.” The 
smith making the iron for the plough of custom ought to have his 
dinner at 2 workdays. They say commonly that they ought to 
have common always at Ellewyll next Blyndewyll up to the 
meadow which lies for heybote and so in a line to the “ tuncium.” 
Also all the town ought to wash and shear the lord’s sheep of 
custom, and for that (on that account) they shall have i2d. They 
ought of custom to carry to Frompton the lord’s wool at their 
own costs, and shall have there their dinner. And they ought to 
carry to Frompton or to Weymouth the lord’s cheese, whither the 
lord shall choose, at their own costs, and they shall have their 
dinner of custom. They ought also to cover (roof) the ox-house 
of the lord of custom, so nevertheless that the lord shall find the 
covering (roofing) and binding. Moreover they ought once in 
the year to carry the lord’s fold from i field to another. If any 
shall be woodward, or if any shall be a widow and shall have an 
only son, so long as he will serve his father or mother, the lord 
may not take him into his service, but if he shall wish to serve ' 
elsewhere, he shall sooner serve the lord than any other. And 
each man holding land may have i son without imposition of 
rent And they may give their daughters in marriage anywhere 
on the lord’s land without a gift, so that the lord or his steward 


Somerset &= Dorset Notes Queries. 

be told of it. And if upon the land of any other they give their 
daughters, they shall give to the lord 2s. of custom. For a boy 
put to learning they are at the grace of the lord before he shall 
undertake the blessed tonsure (coronam). And if any one be 
without a wife, he may take a wife wheresoever he will to emend 
the lord’s land with his chattels (cattle) (catall). If the lord shall 
put his oxen at Ernlee or shall feed in his own meadow all the 
town shall have a way towards Fulewyll and the marsh beyond 
Churchull with oxen, cows heifers and steers to feed and water 
those beasts. And they say commonly that no one of that tith- 
ing ought to afforce elsewhere upon the lord’s land to take the 
land. And the shepherd of custom ought to have i bushel of 
corn when the sheep first lamb for their fodder. When the west 
field shall be sown with wheat then the “ tutium ” (or lucium) of 
Ellewyll shall have for their sheep from the feast of St. Martin 
up to the Purification of the Blessed Mary on each part of 
Frampewey in Hethfeld, and after the Purification shall have for 
the whole year on Hethfeld and on the north part of Hethfeld in 
summer pasture. Also the reeve ought to have 4 bushels of 
wheat for his dinner in autumn as he had at Winterborne and 
elsewhere because any young man took at the time of Gymundus 
the Prior, and now all the town seeks the lord’s grace because 
the labour is great there always for the reeve because the sea is 
near there. And they seek the lord’s grace for the south pasture 
at the Epiphany of the Lord up to the Purification of the Blessed 
Mary the Virgin because in times past all the town obtained that 
pasture, &c. Chan. Inq. p.m. 49 Edw. 3. n. 50b. 

No. 104. Jngelratn Berenger* 

John de Foyle, William de Hardene, and Hugh de Hamslape, 
lately assigned to arrent the King’s wastes in certain of his forests 
on this side the Trent delivered an extract into the Exchequer in 
which is contained that they on the 27th day of March, 6 Edw. 2 
[1313] arrented in the forest of Blakemore in co. Dorset to 
Ingelram Berenger the waste underwritten, to wit, 76^ a. in a 
certain place called Rocumbe, in the said forest, of the soil of 
the lord the King by the perch of 20 feet, paying therefore yearly 
into the King’s Exchequer by the hands of the sheriff of Dorset 
for the time being on the feast of St. Michael 25s. 6d,, to wit, 
for each acre 4d. ; to hold to the said Ingelram and his heirs of 
the King and his heirs for the said rent for ever, so that it shall 
be lawful for the said Ingelram and his heirs to enclose the said 
waste with a small ditch and a low hedge according to the assize 
of the forest and to reduce it into culture. And ih.Q sadd Ingelram 
gave for entry into the said waste £-] 13s. od., viz., for each 
acre 2s. Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. 2. n. 65. 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

No. 105. Jtigelram Bercngcr* 

Inquisition taken at Dorchester before the King’s escheator 
1 8 January, 2 Edw. 3 [1329], by the oath of John Craihhe, John 
Wavtghel, Robert Brice, Henry de Jevelton, John de Bromhull, 
William Thomelyn, William Jordan, John le White, John Touth, 
Thomas Hering, John Hamond and John le Couh, who say that 

It is not to the damage or prejudice of the King or others 
although the King should grant to the prior and chaplains of the 
Hermitage of Blakemore Regis, in co. Dorset, that they may 
retain and have to them and their successors for ever 14 
messuages, 100 a. of land, 2-J a. of meadow, 67s. 4d. of rent and 
the rent of i lb. of cummin in Knighteton, Forshull, Wynfred 
and Baldington, which they acquired to them and their successors 
after the publication of the statute for not putting to mortmain, 
of Ingelram Berenger, the licence of the lord Edward late King of 
England father of the now King thereupon not having been first 
obtained, paying therefore to the said Ingelram for the term of 
his life per ann. the true value of the said tenements, also finding 
a certain chaplain to celebrate divine service every day in the 
Church of the said Hermitage for the souls of the Kings of 
England, Ingelram Berenger and of all the faithful deceased after 
the death of the said Ingelram, according to the form of the said 
acquisition for ever. 

The said messuage, land, meadow and rent are held of the 
King in chief by the service of 8s. 4b. to be paid at the Exchequer 
per ann., and also paying to the manor of the Earl of Cornwall of 
Fordington 6s. 8d., and to Robert de Novo Burgo i4d. for all 
service, and the said premises are worth per ann. in all issues 
according to the true value thereof 42s. fid. No lands or tene- 
ments remain to the said Ingelram in co. Dorset besides the said 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 2 Edw. 3. File 201. n. 23. 

No. lofi. John de Cord of Bergaveny* 

Inquisition of the lands and tenements which were of John 
de Hastinges, lord of Bergaveny, in co. Dorset, taken before the 
King’s escheator at Compton Valence 15 May, 18 Edw. 2 [1325], 
by the oath of Richard de Croxton, William de Bears, Ralph de 
Byneham, William de Bonevill, William de la Forde, Robert atte 
Bere, Ralph de Okeheare, John Beneyt, William atte Throp, Stephen 
de Upeheye, John Slicht and Walter le White, who say that 

The said John de Hastinges held in his demesne as of fee in 
the said county on the day that he died the manor of Compton 
Valence of the King in chief by the service of the 4th part of a 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

knight’s fee. In which said manor there is a certain capital 
messuage with a close and garden adjoining containing 2 a., 
whereof the easements of the houses with the profit of the garden 
and close are worth per ann. half a mark. There are there in 
the demesne 4 carucates of arable land containing 310 a. and 
they are w'orth per ann. 103s. 4d., price of the acre 4d. ; also 
19 a. of hilly meadow, worth per ann. 19s., price of the acre izd. 
There is there a certain several pasture for oxen and cows, worth 
per ann. \ mark ; and a certain hilly pasture for the maintenance 
of 1000 sheep, and it is worth per ann. 20s. There are there 16 
villeins, each of whom holds i virgate of land, and they pay 
therefore per ann. altogether 64s. at the 4 principal terms by 
equal portions, and they give altogether at the feast of St. Martin 
to the larder 24s. And each of them shall plough at 3 seasons of 
the year, at each season half an acre, and those w^orks are worth 
altogether 12s., price of each work qd. ; and each of them shall 
harrow at 2 seasons and those works are worth altogether 2s. 8d. ; 
and each of them shall weed the corn of the lord between the 
feast of St. Barnabas the Apostle and the Gule of August for 7 
weeks, each week for 3^ days, and those wmrks are worth alto- 
gether 7s., price of each work by the week |d. ; and each of 
them shall mow i a. of meadow, and those works are w'orth 
altogether 5s. 4d., price of each work 4d. ,* and shall wash and 
shear the sheep of the lord or shall give to the lord altogether 
i6d. ; and they shall make a hayrick and those works are worth 
altogether i6d. ; and they shall reap all the corn of the lord in the 
autumn and they shall have for each acre 8 sheaves price 4d., 
and those works are worth beyond reprise 24s., and they shall 
carry in the w^agon (averabunt) when it shall be necessary, and 
those works are worth per ann. altogether 8s. There is there l 
villein who holds half a virgate of land, who always pays and does 
in all things the moiety of the rents and services of i of the said 
virgators. There are there 4 tenants each of whom holds a 
certain parcel of land which is called Overlond, and they pay 
therefore per ann. altogether for all services 15s. at the feast of 
St. Matthew. There are there 6 cottars each of whom holds i 
messuage with a curtilage, and they pay therefore per ann. 
altogether i6s. 8d. at the 4 principal terms by equal portions. 
And they give to the larder at the feast of St. Martin i6d. The 
pleas and perquisites of the court there are worth per ann. 20s. 

Laurence de Hastinges son of the said John is his next heir, 
and is aged 5 years and more. 

Sum £1^ 17s. 8d. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 18 Edw. 2. n. 83. 

Knight’s fees and advowsons of Churches of said 
John de Hastinges. 

The moiety and 8th part of i knight’s fee in Langecurchill 

Somerset S» Dorset Notes &> Queries. 93 

in CO. Dorset which John de Gouiz holds and which are extended 
at 10 marks. 

The advowson of the Church of Compton Valence in co. 
Dorset which is extented at 30 marks. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 18 Edw. 2 n. 83. 

No. 107. CCUUtam Berkeley and Hvicia Blaheford 
bis wife. 

Writ dated at Westminster 3 Aug. 56 Hen. 3 [1272]. The 
King to Richard de Clifford escheator on this side the Trent. 

Whereas the inquisition which we lately caused to be made 
of the lands and tenements which Avicia de Blaheford who was 
the wife of William de Berheleye^ deceased, held of us in chief is 
insufficient in divers articles, on account of which we wish to be 
fully certified of the lands and tenements which were of the said 
Emma [sic] and which the said William held of the inheritance 
of the said Emma [sic] by reason of the issue which the said 
William had by her — we command you by the oath as well of 
knights as others diligently to enquire what lands and tenements 
the said William held of his own inheritance, or by purchase, and 
what of the inheritance of the said Avicia formerly his wife, and 
whether he alienated any of them, and what lands were taken 
into our hands by the death of the said Avicia, and what by the 
death of the said William, &c., &c. 

Inquisition [undated] made of the lands and tenements 
which William de Berkeley, deceased, held of his own inheritance 
or by purchase, and of the lands and tenements which Avicia de 
Blaheford held of the King in chief, and of the lands and tene- 
ments which the said William de Berkeleye held of the inheritance 
of the said Avicia, &c., &c., by the oath of Warin de Suta villa, 
Henry de Chaumherniin, Alexander de Ohestonne, Nicholas de Filehere, 
Robert le Deneys, John de Hydiine, knights, William Bazel, Robert 
de Nymetune, Roger de Loges, David de Servingtune, Thomas de 
Wanford, Richard de Binebeze, who say that 

William de Berkeleye did not hold any lands or tenements of 
his own inheritance or by purchase except the manor of Lyditune 
in CO. Dorset which he only held by way of exchange and by 
alienation made to Sir Ralph de Gorges of the said inheritance of 
the said Avicia and against her will. 

He held of the inheritance of the said Avicia de Blaheford in 
the manor of Brauntune (? co. Devon) 15 librates of land of the 
King in chief, doing therefore the service of i knight in hostage. . 
He also held of the inheritance of the said Avicia the manor of 
Dunesford of Sir Geoffrey de Maundevile, doing therefore the 
service of half a knights fee, and it is worth per ann. in all issues 
£'io. He also held the land of Rewes of the inheritance of the 


Somevsci Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

said Avicia of Sir Henry de Tracy by knights service, and it is 
■worth per ann., clear, loos. : all which said lands the said William 
and Avicia held for many years until the said William alienated 
them against the will of the said Avicia to Henry de Stanwee 20s. 
of land in the manor of Brauntune who still holds them, and the 
residue of the said manor the said William alienated to Sir Ralph 
de Gorges who held it for his whole life, and after his death the 
King’s sub-escheator in co. Devon seised the said land by the 
death of the said Ralph into the King’s hand, who still holds in 
the same way. The said William alienated to the said Ralph all 
the land of Rewes, who held it for his whole life, and after his 
death the said sub-escheator seised it into the King’s hand, who 
still holds it. He also alienated of the inheritance of the said 
Avicia i furlong of land to the prior of St. Nicholas of Exeter in 
the manor of Dunesford, and the residue of the said manor the 
said William alienated to Sir Ralph de Gorges who held it for his 
whole life, and after his death it was seised into the King's 
hands : all these said alienations were made contrary to the will 
of the said Avicia in the time of the now King and quite 1 1 years 
ago. The jurors do not know whether the said William and 
Avicia had any issue. 

John de Blaheford is the son and next heir of the said Avicia^ 
and is now aged 24 years. The said William made those aliena- 
tions to prolong the inheritance of the right heirs of the said 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 56 Hen. 3. File 41 (12). 

No. 108. 'jfobn de Berhele, cbivaler. 

Inquisition taken at Shaftesbury in co. Dorset on Thursday 
in the week of Pentecost, 6 Hen. 6 [1428] before John Gregory, 
escheator, by the oath of Thomas Hody, William Daccomhe, Thomas 
Hatte, Robert Wylkyns, John Kynmere, Thomas Haselnure, John 
Whytyng, Richard Arnold, William Cole, John Fore, Thomas Wyke 
& William Catte, who say that John de Berhele, chivaler, held on 
the day that he died in the said county by the law of England 
after the death of Elizabeth, late his wife, of the inheritance of 
Maurice de Berhele, chivaler, son and heir of the said John & 
Elizabeth the moiety of the rent of 33s. lod. yearly issuing out of 
certain burgages in the borough of Shaftesbury, the moiety of 
the rent of 33s. 4d. issuing year from Stalls in the said borough ; 
the moiety of the rent of 24s. yearly issuing out of an ancient 
custom in the said borough called Stodegawylland Worthyngawyll; 
the moiety of a certain rent of 2s. in the said borough called 
Brewyngawyll, the moiety of a certain yearly rent of 2s., in the 
said borough called Tolseld, the moiety of all the amercements, 
issues, profits and emoluments whatsoever happening within the 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries, 


said borough as of goods and chattels called “ Wayfesand Straye” 
and other forfeitures happening there ; also the moiety of all the 
amercements, issues and profits, forthcoming from whatsoever 
matters of presentment within the said borough at each law court 
and each view of frank pledge or at each court called “Pepoud- 
rows,” and at whatsoever other court held within the said borough, 
the moiety of the perquisites of the said courts, the moiety of the 
tolls of all the markets in the said borough and of i fair there 
called Martynffare to be held yearly in the vigil and in the day 
of St. Martin in Winter, 3 cottages, 3 curtilages, 30 a. of land and 
3 a. of meadow in Petryshamme and the rent of assize of 3s. 
issuing yearly out of i water-mill there to be paid yearly at the 
feasts of St. Martin, the Nativity of the Lord, Easter and the 
Nativity of St. John the Baptist equally. The moiety of all the 
said amercements, issues, profits, perquisites of the court and 
tolls of the markets and fairs are worth per ann. los. All the 
said moieties are held of the King in free burgage as all the town 
of Shaftesbury is held. The said 3 cottages are worth nothing 
per ann. beyond reprises. Each of the said curtilages is worth 
per ann. beyond reprises 6d. Each acre of the said 30 a. is 
worth per ann., clear, 4d., and each acre of the said meadow is 
worth per ann., clear, i6d. The said cottages, curtilages, land, 
meadow and rent in Petrisham are held of Richard Duke of York 
being within age and in the custody of the King as of his manor 
of Craneborne by what service the jurors know not. 

The said John de Berkele died 5 March last past, the said 
Maurice is the son and next heir of the said /o/mand Elizabeth dmd 
is now aged 30 years and more. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Hen. 6. n. 50. 

No. 109. ffiaurice Berkeley?, knight. 

Inquisition taken at Stalbryge in co. Dorset 30 May 
38 Hen. 6 [1460], before Peter Baunfeld, esq., escheator, by the 
oath of Richard Jayverd, John Hextrygg, William Gildon, John 
Lange, Thomas Russell, John Rohdon, senior, John Joope, Nicholas 
Kyng, John Gynger, John Frampton, John Bayly, Richard Pentrigge, 
who say that 

Maurice Berkeley late of Beverstone in co. Gloucester, 
knight, held in his demesne as of fee on the day that he died in 
the said county of Dorset the moiety of the rent of 33s. lod. 
yearly issuing out of 10 burgages in the borough of Shaftesbury 
in the said county, the moiety of the rent of 33s. 4d. yearly 
forthcoming from 4 Stalls in the said borough, the moiety of 
the rent of 24s. yearly issuing from a certain custom there called 
Scedegabyll [and] Worchingabyll, the moiety of i yearly 
rent of 13d. in the said - borough called Browyngabyll, 


Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

the moiety of a certain yearly rent of 2S. there called Tolseld, the 
moiety of all the amercements, issues, profits and emoluments 
whatsoever, happening within the said borough as of goods and 
chattels called “ wayfes and strayfes ” and other forfeitures 
whatsoever happening within the said borough, also the moiety 
of all the amercements, issues and profits forthcoming from 
whatsoever matters of presentment within the said borough at 
each law court and view of frank pledge and at each court called 
“ Pepowdres ” and at every other court held there, the moiety of 
the perquisites of the said courts, the moiety of the toll of all 
markets in the said borough and of i fair there called Martynes 
feyre, yearly to be held in the vigil and the day of St. Martin in 
Winter. The moiety of all the said amercements, etc., is worth 
per ann. 2S. All the premises in the said town of Shaftesbury are 
held of the King in free burgage, as all the borough and town of 
Shaftesbury is held. 

The said Maurice held in his demesne as of fee on the day that 
he died 2 messuages, 2 carucates of land, 8 a. of meadow, 20 a. of 
pasture and 3 a. of wood in Melbury in the said county, which 
are worth per ann., clear, 6s. 8d. and are held of John Bokhy by 
fealty only for all services. 

The said Maurice Berkeley died 5 May last past, Maurice 
Berkeley of Bettesthorn in co. Southampton, esq., is his son and 
next heir, and is aged 26 years and more. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 38 and 39 Hen. 6. n. 57. 

No. no. ^]^2aurice Berheley, hnigbt. 

Inquisition taken at Shirbourne in co. Dorset 28 October, 
14 Edw. 4 [1474] before Richard Vouwell, escheator, by the oath 
of Richard Hatfeld. esq., John Weston, Peter Pynford, William 
Gyldon, William Whitley, John Tracy, Henry Hatfeld, John 
Frampton, John Wytcomhe, Henry Mynteryn, John Kynge and 
Richard Wynterhourne who say that 

Maurice Berkeley held on the day that he died in his demesne 
as of fee 3 curtilages, 30 a. of land and 3 a. of meadow in Petre- 
sham in the said county of Dorset which are worth per ann., 
clear, los., and are held of the Duchess of York as of her manor 
of Cramborn by fealty only ; also 2 messuages, 2 carucates of 
land, 8 a. of meadow, 20 a. of pasture and 3 a. of wood in Mel- 
bury in the said county which are worth per ann., clear, 20s., and 
are held of John Bukby by fealty only ; also the manor of Magna 
Kyngton in the said county, which is worth per ann., clear, £4., 
and is held of George Duke of Clarence by fealty only. 

The said Maurice Berkeley died 26 March last past ; William 
Berkeley, esq., is his son and next heir and is aged 23 years and 
more. Chan. Inq. p.m. 14 Edw. 4. n. 41. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 


67. Frithstool at Chewton Mendip Church, Som- 
erset. — Only three frithstools are known in England, the other 
two being at Hexham and Beverley. The one at Chewton Men- 
dip is at the base of a window on the north side of the chancel. 
It was a chair of sanctuary to which the guilty fugitive in medie- 
val times fled for protection and security. 

According to Sir Henry Spelman the Beverley chair had the 
following inscription “ Hsec sedes lapidea freedstoll dicatur, t.e., 
pacis cathedra, ad quam reus fugiendo perveniens omnimodam 
habet securitatem.” The illustration is from a photograph bv 
Mr. J. R. H. Weaver. F. W. W. 

68. Dyer Family. By E.H. Martin (Swinnerton Dyer). — 


Ralph Dyer, of Wincanton, is mentioned in a memoir of 
Adrian Schaell, Rector of High Ham, Somerset, as having a son, 

John Dyer, who was Rector of High Ham. He was B.A., 
Oxford, 29 November, 1456; Instituted 12 June, 1459. His 
will, dated 16 September, 1499 (he died 20 September), proved 
16 November, 1499 (7 Moone.) To be buried in the Chancel of 
the Church of High Ham. Every son, of my sons, John and 
Richard. John Dyer, Vicar of Long Sutton. Richard Dyer, 
son of John Dyer, my brother, all my lands and tenements in 
the town of Wincanton. Residue to John Dyer, my brother, and 
Richard Dyer, his son, — they to be executors. Supervisor, 
Thomas Walton. Witnesses, John Dyer, Vicar of Long Sutton, 
William Badcock, Chaplain, my Curate, Thomas Walton,, and 

In the floor of the Chancel of High Ham is a brass to the 
memory of the Reverend John Dyer, Rector, who died 20 Sep- 
tember, 1499. He rebuilt at his own expense the Chancel of the 
Church of High Ham in 1479. 

Ralph Dyer = 
of Wincanton | 

1 I 

Rev^ John Dyer, = John Dyer = 

Rector of High Ham. I | 

John Dyer= Richard Dyer= Richard Dyer, 

1 I heir to his uncle. 

Sons Sons 

It is possible that John Dyer, brother of John Dyer of High 
Ham, married Agnes, surname not known. The Visitations of 
Somerset and Huntington start the Dyer Pedigree with 

John Dyer, who married Agnes They have two sons, 

John Dyer, elder son, who marries and has a son Alexander Dyer, 
VoL. X. Part lxxv. September, 1906, 



Somerset Dorset Notes (s^ Queries. 

who marries and is the father of Sir Thomas Dyer, Knight. 
This we will call the second line. The 2nd son of John Dyer 
and Agnes.... is Richard Dyer, who marries, and has sons 
Richard Dyer and Stephen Dyer. 

John Dyer = Agnes 

John Dyer = Richard Dyer = 

Alexander Dyer = Richard Dyer = Stephen Dyer = 

( of Wincanton. 

Sir Thomas Dyer, Kt. = 

Of John and Richard Dyer, sons of John Dyer and Agnes, 
nothing yet is known — so we will take the first line of the Dyer 
Family, beginning with 

Richard Dyer, of Wincanton ; will dated 15 September, 
proved 12 October, 1523 (13 Bodfelde). Beyond that he owned 
properties in Wincanton nothing is known of him. He married, 
first, Johane , by whom he left issue one son, 

1. John Dyer, the Elder, who was executor to his father’s 
will, which he proved in 1523. 

Richard Dyer married, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of . . . . 
Walton, who survived him, leaving issue 

2. John Dyer, the Younger. 3. James Dyer, the Judge. 

4. Agnes Dyer, married before 1523 to William Rousewell, 
of Loxton, Somerset, and Ford Abbey, Devon, and Lymington 
Manor, Somerset, whose will is dated 5 July, 1570, and proved 
12 August, 1570 (25 Lyon.) She is mentioned in the will of her 
father, Richard Dyer, 1523, who gives her a legacy of 40/-, and 
her husband “ a blue gown furred with white lamb.” In the will 
of Sir James Dyer, 1581, he mentions “my sister Agnes Rouse- 
well late deceased,” and leaves all her children married or un- 
married ;^40, except Alexander, 

5. Dorothy Dyer. About the year 1530 she married Simon 
Farwell of Hill Bishop, Somerset. It is stated “that she and her 
husband came to live at Holbrook, near Wincanton, for the 
young wife to be near her own people.” (Sweetman’s Hist, of 
Wincanton, p. 195). She is mentioned in the will of her 
father Richard Dyer, 1523, to receive a legacy of £io at mar- 
riage. Sir James Dyer in his will, 1581, bequeaths legacies to 
“the children of my sister Dorothy, except John Farwell, her 
eldest son, and George Farwell.” 

Mr. John Farwell married Ursula Phelips, of Montacute. 
Both George and Richard Farwell chose the law for their pro- 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


fession. Sir James Dyer leaves his nephew Richard Farwell, and 
his nephew James Dyer, his law books. Dorothy Farwell was 
buried at Hill Bishop 20 August, 1580, and her husband, Simon 
Farwell, was buried there 8 September, 1568. 

6. Alice Dyer is mentioned in the will of her father, 1523, 
who leaves her a legacy oi£io at marriage. Sir James Dyer 
in his will, 1581, mentions “the children of my sister Alice 
Raddicke deceased.” She married William Reddiche, of Maiden 
Bradley, Wilts, and was dead before 1581- Some years later 
Clement Coke, the father of Sir Edward Coke who married 
Catherine, daughter of Sir William Dyer, Kt., married Sarah, 
daughter and heir of Alexander Reddishe, Esqre., of Reddish in 

7. Elizabeth Dyer is mentioned in the will of her father, 
1523, as legatee for £20 at marriage. Sir James Dyer in his will, 
1581, leaves “To the children of my sister Elizabeth Hannam 
except her eldest son James ” a legacy. He also speaks of “ My 
nephew William Hannam sometime Fellow of King’s College, 
Cambridge.” John Dyer of Wincanton, 1558, bequeaths to 
“ My brother William Hannam,” as his “ other overseer,” “ a 
piece of gold.” Sir William Carent, of Henstridge, Somerset, 
Kt., in his will dated 22 November, 1568, and proved 16 Decem- 
ber, 1674, (46 Martyn) appoints as overseer William Hannam, 

Elizabeth Dyer married William Hannam, of Horsington, 
Somerset. He died 21 May, 1576, and was buried at Purse 
Candle, Dorset. 

8. Cecile Dyer is mentioned in the will of her father, 1523, 
who leaves her at marriage £20. Sir James Dyer in his will, 
1581, bequeaths “to the children of my sister Cecile Tynnewell, 
who deceased long ago, £20^ Nothing more is known of her, 
but in the will of James Rowsewell, of Bradford, Somerset, dated 
7 March, 1574, and proved 14 May, 1575, (21 Pickering) is men- 
tioned Joan Tynnewell; and Thomas Rowsewell in his will, 1546, 
mentions Edward and Thomas Tynnewell. These may be the 
children of Cecile Tynnewell. 

9. Ancrete Dyer, occurs in the will, of her father in 1523, 
who leaves her at marriage £^ 8s. She is not mentioned in 
the will of Sir James Dyer. She married Edmund Barby, of Ashe 
Brittle, Somerset. 

It will be convenient now to treat of 

James Dyer, second son of Richard Dyer of Wincanton, and 
Elizabeth Walton, born at Roundhill Grange, Wincanton, in 
1512, and 12 years old when his father died. He entered as 
a commoner of Broadgate Hall, now Pembroke College. Leaving 
Oxford he went as student to Strand Inn, Middle Temple, London, 
and was called to the Bar in 1^37. He appears as Advocate on 

100 Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

the King’s Bench before Judge Spylman and Judge Portman, in 
a case of outlawry. In reports, Michaelmas Term 29 Henry VIII, 
he appears as Advocate in a case of the array, and is questioned 
on the ground of the near relationship of the High Sheriff, Sir 
George Darcy, to the defendant. His notes shew the clever, 
capable business head of a great man. In his notes 19 May, 
1552, he relates he “received the Royal Brief of post and degree 
of Sergeant at Law.” On this appointment he entered the 
following Michaelmas, 6 Edward VI. He was Autumnal Reader 
to the Society of the Middle Temple, 7 Edward VI. Public 
Records shew James Dyer, Sergeant at Law, was elected, 26 
January, Knight of the Shire for the Country of Cambridge. 
The Journal of the House of Commons states “ On Thursday, 
“ 2nd March was chosen to be Speaker first nominate by Mr. 
“Treasurer of the King’s House, the Right Worshipful Mr. 
“ James Dyer, one of the King’s Bench Majesties Servients at the 
“ Law, and set in a chair.” Parliament was dissolved 31 March. 
The Records relate “The Speaker closed as he had begun with 
“ an ornate oration before the King.” This was the only 
Parliament James Dyer sat in. He became a lawyer, and to the 
duties of his profession he gave his life. He was thoughtful, 
studious, and a conscientious man, and formed a clear and decided 
opinion of the leading questions agitating the nations of Europe at 
that time. We all know the character of Henry VIII ; Sir James 
Dyer, (who was created Knight 1552) was not one to approve of 
him. He became a firm adherent to the principles of the reformed 
religion. He was a man who did not shrink from giving his 
opinions freely, be it to whom it might, as is shewn in the way 
he so strongly opposed Edward VI, when he wished to set aside 
the succession of his sister. Princess Mary. He was one of the 
witnesses to the King’s will. Although greatly opposed to Queen 
Mary’s religion, he, as her subject, served her well and faithfully. 
In the first year of her reign the Queen appointed him Sergeant 

19 October, 1553. He became Recorder of Cambridge, 1556, 
and Puisne Justice of Common Pleas, and Puisne Justice of the 
Queen’s Bench, 1557. He retained to the last the entire confi- 
dence of his Sovereign, and the day following the accession of 
Queen Elizabeth, 1558, his Commission as Puisne Judge of the 
Common Pleas was renewed. 

In 1559 he became Lord Chief Justice, and for more than 

20 years filled the important post of his high office with dignity 
and integrity, that won him praise and esteem from all who knew 
him. He married 9 February, 1546, (Licence, Faculty Office), 
Margaret, daughter of Thomas Abarrowe, and grand-daughter of 
Sir Maurice Abarrowe, of North Barrow, Somerset, and widow 
of Sir Thomas Elyot, whose will is dated 29 August, 18 Henry 
VIII., 1526, and proved 2 July, 1546 (14 Alen). Sir Thomas 
Elyot died in 1546, and was buried at Carlton, co. Cambridge 

Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries. loi 

(Brown’s Wills). He leaves his property to his wife for life. 
He was author of “ The Boke of the Governour.” Lady Margaret 
Dyer died 26 August, 1560, and was buried in the Chancel 
of Great Staughton Church, Hunts, where a monument is erected 
to herself and her husband. 

Sir James Dyer was a very rich man, having lands in Surrey, 
Suffolk, Somerset, Huntingdonshire and Dorset, as well as property 
in London. His town house was in Charterhouse Churchyard, 
his country manor, Beachamsted, Great Staughton, where he died 
24 March, 1582, in his 72nd year. He was buried in the Chancel 
of Great Staughton by his wife. 

The best portrait of Sir James Dyer is in the possession of 
the Rev. Canon Mayo, of Long Burton Vicarage, Sherborne, in 
which he is shown in his robes as Lord Chief Justice. Another 
portrait, in which he appeared as a younger man, was hung in the 
Town Hall of Wincanton, but destroyed by fire when the Hall 
was burnt, 9th August, 1877. Other portraits and prints are pos- 
sessed by Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, Baronet, Mr. Swinnerton 
Dyer, of Westhope, and the writer. We are told that the Duke 
of Marlborough has an oil painting of Sir James Dyer but we 
have not seen it. There is only one portrait, as far as we know, 
of Lady Margaret Dyer, —taken when she was Lady Elyot, and 
one of Sir Thomas Elyot by Holbein at Windsor Castle. 

Sir James Dyer’s will is dated 13 March, 1581, and proved 
8 June, 1582 (28 Tirwhite). His Inquisition Post Mortem is 
dated 26 June, 24 Elizabeth, 1582. This makes his heir his 
great-nephew Sir Richard Dyer, Kt., eldest son of his nephew, 
Laurence Dyer, who was son of his brother, John Dyer. This 
seems to prove that John Dyer the elder died without male issue. 

On the 20 April, 1575, a second crest, a Falcon, was granted 
to Sir James, but he does not appear to have used it, as the crest 
on his tomb is a goat’s head, with the arms. Or, a chief indented 
gules, with a crescent for difference. These are the arms and 
crest of the Swinnerton Dyer Baronets. 

In his will he left his Reports on Law Cases to his nephews 
James Dyer, Richard Farwell and William Hannam, and they 
were published in 1592, 1601, 1621, 1672, and 1688. To write 
the whole life of Sir James Dyer, Kt., would take a volume to 
itself. Much has already been written on this subject. Mr. 
Sweetman, of Wincanton, published a pamphlet some years since 
entitled Wincanton' s Greatest Son. The Dictionary of National 
Biography also has a long article. 

Wheatstone in a poem says 

“Alive, refuge, for those whom wrong did payne, 

“ A Dyer, such as dyed without a stain.” 

Reverting to the two sons of Richard Dyer, of Wincanton, 
named John, wo are inclined to think that John Dyer, the Elder, 


Somerset S> Dorset Notes Queries. 

did not marry, and that John Dj^er, the Younger, was his father’s 
heir. One of these two John Dyers carries on the line, as 

John Dyer, of Wincanton, who by will, dated 7 August, 
1558, and proved 17 April, 1559, by Laurence Dyer, his eldest 
son, (6 Chaynay) leaves a bequest to be buried in the Church of 
Wincanton, “ before the quyer dore,” near his Father and Mother. 
His Inquisition Post Mortem, taken at Wells 13 Januar}*, 1559- 
60, states he died 16 October, 1559, but the date should be 1558. 

He married, first, Alice Ivye, and had issue i. Laurence 
Dyer, of whom presently. 2. John Dyer, of Roundhill, Win- 
canton, to be mentioned hereafter. 3. Richard Dyer, of Lon- 
don. 4. Thomas Dyer. 5. Mary Dyer. 

He married, secondly, Jane, daughter of John Erneley of 
Cannings, Wilts, widow of Thomas Byfleet, of Bratton Seymour, 
Somerset. She had property in Bratton Seymour, Her will 
is dated i December, 1594, and proved 26 October, 1596. 
(69 Drake) by George Dyer, her son. She was buried at 
Wincanton, near her last husband, and had issue 6. George 
Dyer. 7. James Dyer. 8. William Dyer. 9. Ankerette 

John Dyer, of Wincanton, was a wealthy man, owning lands 
in Somersetshire, his second wife, Jane Erneley, bringing him 
monies and lands. Of his first wdfe, Alice Ivye, record reveals 
nothing, but a paper belonging to the Feoffees of Wincanton 
states that James Dyer held a messuage 9d., on north side of 
the High Street, and a piece of ground, called “ Frankes Mead,’’ 
worth i8d., lying in Wincanton Moor, about an acre in extent. 
These premises were occupied by John Ivey in 1558. Hist, of 
Wincanton, p. 35. John Dyer purchased of Richard Zouche, a 
descendant of Lord Zouche, a moiety of the Manor of Bratton 

The wall of Jane Dyer, his second wife, is dated i December, 
1594, and proved 26 October, 1596. (69 Drake). She bequeathes 
her body to be buried at Wincanton near my last husband, Mr. 
John Dyer.” 

Richard Dyer, 3rd son of John Dyer, of Wincanton, is 
mentioned in the will of his father 1558 as legatee of £'40 
on the day of his marriage in ready money. Sir James Dyer in 
his will says “ I release and forgive Richard Dyer of London the 
£50 he oweth me.” 

He was a citizen and merchant taylor of London, living in 
the parish of St. Dunstan’s in the West, where he was buried 
27 July, 1585. His will is dated 28 January, 1586, and proved 
31 October, 1586 (52 Windsor). He mentions “the children of 
“my loving and eldest brother John Dyer, gent. 10/- each. 
“ My brother Thomas Dyer my broche I did usually wear. My 
“brother George Dyer, gent, a silver spoon worth 10/-. My 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 103 

“ brother William Dyer my gold ring. My sister Margaret. To 
“ the Right Worshipful Sir Richard Dyer, Kt., my nephew, a ring 
“ of 10/- with the inscription engraven “looke about you.” The 
“children of my brother James Dyer, Esq., 10/- My son in law 
“ Richard Lockey £10. Residue to my brothers John and James 
“ Dyer, executors. To the singing men of St. Dunstan’s i8d.” 

Thomas Dyer, 4th son of John Dyer, of Wincanton. Be- 
yond that he died without issue nothing is known of him. He was 
overseer to the will of his brother, John Dyer, of Roundhill, who 
calls him “ my own brother.” 

Mary Dyer, daughter of John Dyer, of Wincanton, and 
sister of Laurence Dyer, is mentioned in the will of her father, 


“To my daughter Marye for seven years my annuity of £t> 
“yearly out of the Manor of Holway, which I had of Sir Richard 
“Southwell, lying in Dorset by Frome Quintin, so as she be 
“ordered in her marriage by my brother, Sir James Dyer, and her 
“ brother, Laurence Dyer.” 

She is not mentioned in the will of her step-mother Jane 
Dyer. She married George Rodney, — one of the Rodneys, of 
Rodney Stoke. 

James Dyer, 6th son of John Dyer, of Wincanton, and 2nd 
son by his second wife, is mentioned in his father’s will, 1558, 
who leaves him ;^40 and his burgage in Wincanton. In the will 
of his mother, Jane Dyer, 1594, he is mentioned as “deceased,” 
and she leaves legacies to his children. Richard Dyer of Lon- 
don, his brother, in his will, 1586, mentions only “the children 
of my brother, James Dyer.” 

He married Jane, daughter of Thomas Cheeke, and had issue 
I Edward Dyer. 2 James Dyer. 3 John Dyer. 4 George 
Dyer. 5 Catherine Dyer. 6 Anne Dyer. 7 Ursula Dyer. 
8 Elizabeth Dyer. 

Richard Cheeke, of London, in his will dated 27 August, 
1596, bequeaths a small legacy to Elizabeth Gamage, request- 
ing her to look after his sister Dyer’s children, especially Agnes 
Dyer. He mentions his cousin, James Dyer. “ To my sister 
“Dyer’s son £200, when 21, and certain goods. To Edward 
“Dyer, son of my sister Dyer, ;^ioo. To Anne, Ursula, and 
“ Elizabeth Dyer, daughters of my sister Dyer, ;^40 each, when 
“21, or at marriage.” He mentions “ My sister Dyer, a very poor 
woman,” and leaves all her other children £10 each. 

In the will of Thomas Cheeke (brother of Richard Cheeke) 
dated 8 January, 1619, his nephew, James Dyer, of Rochester, 
his deceased brother, Richard Cheeke, and his sister, Joane Dyer, 
late wife of Storge, are spoken of. 

So it appears Jane Dyer married zndly .... Storge. 

In the will of Jane Dyer, his mother, 1594, £20 are given 
to Ancrete, daughter of her, son, James Dyer, deceased, and 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

10 each to seven other of his children (that is, those already 
mentioned except James) they all being- under 21. 

Of these children little is known. John Dyer died about 
1599. James Dyer, born in 1625-6, was private chaplain to King 
James and Vicar of St. Nicholas’, Rochester. Catherine Dyer 
married John Wilson, for in 1634 she addresses a petition to her 
cousin, Francis, Lord Cottington, Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
praying for relief and saying “ I am the daughter of James Dyer, 
late of Grove Park, Warwick, who was brother to your Lord- 
“ ship’s mother. After my father’s death I was for a while brought 
‘‘ up by my uncle, George Dyer, and by him put to service to a 
“ mistress, who by a blow struck in my nose dejected my fortunes 
“in marriage; ever since I have been enforced to take hard 
“ pains for my living, as my poor husband doth for his.” 

George Dyer, 5th son of John Dyer, of Wincanton, and 
the eldest son by Jane Erneley, bis second wife, is mentioned in 
the will of his father in 1558, and in the will of his mother in 
1594, as executor, to whom she leaves her residue. He married 
Dorothy, daughter of John Shirley, of Stanton Harald, Leicester- 
shire, by his wife, Jane Lovett, of Astwell, Northamptonshire. 
In the History of the Shirley Family are mentioned some of his 
children, George, John, Henry and Elizabeth. The registers of 
Milborne Port, Somerset, give 1598-9, January 21, Henry, son of 
George Dyer, gent., baptised ; 1599-1600, February 7, Elizabeth, 
daughter of George Dyer, Gent., baptised; 1602, October 15, 
Richard, son of George Dyer, Gent., baptised ; 1604, October 21, 
Dorothie, daughter of George Dyer, Gent., baptised. A pedigree 
signed by George Dj^er, of Bratton Seymour, Somerset, is in the 
Harleian MSS. British Museum, No. 1141, folio 105^- and gives. 
I William Dyer, son and heir, aged 36 in 1 623. 2 GeorgeDyer. 
2nd son, aged 34 in 1623. 3 James Dyer, 3rd son, aged 23 in 1623. 
4 Henry Dyer, 4th son, aged 21 in 1623. 5 Elizabeth Dyer, 

aged 20 in 1623. By these dates the registers are not those of 
George Dyer’s children, if the pedigree is correct. Unfortunately 
many of the registers of different Churches for that period are 
lost, or in so bad a condition as to be unreadable. The con- 
temporary Bratton Seymour registers are missing. We do not say 
lost, for they may be discovered. We will hope they will be. 

Jane Lovett was an only daughter and heiress ; she was mar- 
ried to John Shirley, of Staunton Harold, who was born in 1535. 
Her marriage settlement was dated 4th February, 1558. He was 
eldest son of Francis Shirley and died 12 September, 1570, and is 
buried at Bredon. Jane Shirley, his widow, married, secondly, 
William Grey, Esquire, of East Donilands, Essex. That he made a 
will is evident from an extract from “ Schedule of Evidences,” 
1652 ; “Mrs. Dyer’s “letters of Attorney to her son to receive the 
legacy given him “ by her father, Mr. John Shirley, 1626.” Unfor- 
tunately it does not record which son. Jane Shirley ?tce Lovett’s 



Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 105 

marriage settlement is dated 4th February — Philip & Mary, 1558. 
She died a year after her second marriage. Dorothy Shirley was 
not married until October, 1586. It is surmised she lived with 
some relative after her mother’s death, until her marriage with 
George Dyer. His arms show her quarterings. George Dyer is 
mentioned in the will of his father, John Dyer, 1558, and in the 
will of his mother, 1594. She mentions “ My son George Dyer 
and his wife,” to whom she leaves £ 10, and his three children, 
William Dyer, George Dyer, and John Dyer, to whom she gives 
£10 each. It is curious that in the pedigree, signed by George 
Dyer, of Bratton, he enumerates his sons as William Dyer, 
George Dyer and James Dyer, not John Dyer, who was probably 
dead. He is also mentioned in the will of his brother, Laurence 
Dyer. 1578. 

In a pedigree signed and sealed by the College of Arms, 
dated 1854, in possession of the Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, 
Bart., George Dyer, second son of George Dyer, of Bratton 
Seymour, is the ancestor of the Swinnerton Dyer Baronets. 
Further information respecting George Dyer will be found in 
Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage for 1906. 

William Dyer, son of John Dyer, of Wincanton, is not 
mentioned in his father’s will, 1558, but is in that of his mother, 
Jane Dyer, 1594; to him with his wife she leaves 100 and the re- 
mainder of the burgage in Wincanton, also plate, including “ a 
trencher salts double gilt which my Lord Dyer gave me.” He is 
also mentioned in the will of his brother Laurence Dyer, 1578. 

Laurence Dyer, eldest son of John Dyer, of Wincanton, 
and Alice Ivye, his first wife, married Jane, daughter of Thomas 
Southe, of Swallowxliffe, Wilts. The Feoffees’ paper, already 
mentioned, states “ he (Laurence Dyer) holdeth freely two 
“ burgages 2/- annexed together in the south side of the Church 
“ Street Wincanton, wherein he now inhabiteth, one little 
“ house called ‘ Rouseweil House ’ in the north side of the 
“Church Street in his own occupation, one burgage, 6^-* to the 
“said little house adjoining, being also as a yard, one burgage 
“and half, i8^-> in the north side of Mill Street now occupied by 
“Thomas Bourton, (4/4,) one burgage, iz^-^ in the north side of 
“the Church Street called ‘ Culverhaies,’ one other burgage, 12*^” 

“ in the same side of Church Street (2/-.)” BPst. of Wincanton. 
p. 36. 

“Devonshire House”, occupied by Samuel Farewell, 1786- 
1797, was in 1558 the property of Laurence Dyer and was called 
“Rouseweil House.” {Ibid., p. 187) 

His will is dated 18 December, 1578, and proved 14 February, ' 
^5?S-9, by Richard Dyer, his son. (4 Bakon). “To my 
“daughters Margerie and Frances 200 marks each, over and 
“above ‘the gift that my Lord Dyer hath given unto them.’ 

“ My brother-in-law Thomas Southe, Esq., shall keep the lease 

io6 Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

“ of Roundell, which I have in mine own custody.” He mentions 
his brothers George, William and John, and the children of his 
brother, John Dyer. Supervisors, his brother-in-law Thomas 
Southe, Esq., and his brother, John Dyer, of Roundhill, gent. 
He bequeathes his body to be buried in the Church of Wincanton. 
His wife must have pre-deceased him, as there is no mention of 
her in his will. In 1559 he was aged 32. His Inquisition Post 
Mortem taken at Chard 20 March, 21 Elizabeth, 1579, states he 
died nth December, 1578. He left issue Sir Richard Dyer, Kt., 
Margaret Dyer and Frances Dyer. 

Margaret or Margerie Dyer, daughter of Laurence 
Dyer, and Jane Southe, his wife. She is mentioned in her 
father’s will, 1578, and in the will of her brother. Sir Richard 
Dyer, Kt,, in 1605, who leaves to “my Sister Margaret Smith 
20 marks.” She married Nicholas Smith or Smythe. 

Frances Dyer, daughter of Laurence Dyer, is mentioned 
in the will of her father in 1578, and in the will of Sir James 
Dyer, 1581, who leaves her ;^5oo to her marriage. Her 
brother, Sir Richard Dyer, also leaves “To my sister Frances 
“ Honnings, an annuity of £ 4 ^ to be paid by my son. Sir William 
Dyer.” She was married at Great Staughton, co. Hunts, 9th 
December, 1583, to Henry, son of William Honnings, of Carlton, 
Sulfolk, who was born ii February, 1553, and buried at Eye 
22 January, 1635. 

Sir Richard Dyer, Kt., only son of Laurence Dyer, and 
heir to his great uncle. Sir James Dyer. He was aged 22 years 
and more on the 20 March, 21 Elizabeth, 1579, B.A. 28th 
February, 1575-6; created knight 4 April, 1585. He inherited 
all the estates of his great uncle, and the residue of his father’s 
estates. He lived at Great Staughton, where he married 20 
October, 1578, Mary, daughter of Sir William Fitzwilliam, Kt., 
of Milton, CO. Northants, Lord Deputy of Ireland, (see Pedigree 
of Earls of Fitzwilliam). He was one of the Gentlemen of the 
Privy Chamber to King James I. His will is dated 8 December, 
1605, with codicil 9 December, 1605, and proved 12 February, 
1605-6, by Sir William Dyer, Kt., his son (6 Stafford). He leaves 
a bequest that a tomb should be set up in Great Staughton Church 
to his great uncle. Sir James Dyer, and his wife Margaret, and to 
himself and his late wife, Mary. He was buried in the Chancel 
18 December, 1605, and his wife buried there 22 October, 1601. 
He had issue, i. James Dyer. 2. William Dyer. 3. Francis 
Dyer. 4. Richard Dyer. 5. Edward Dyer. 6. Anne Dyer. 

James Dyer, eldest son of Sir Richard Dyer, Kt., was bap- 
tized at Great Staughton, 31 March, 1580. He died in 1599. 

Francis Dyer, 3rd son of Sir Richard Dyer, Kt., was bap- 
tized at Great Staughton 10 September, 1584. He is mentioned 
in his father’s will, 1605, as being under 21 years. He died un- 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 107 

Richard Dyer, 4th son of Sir Richard Dyer, Kt., was 
baptized at Great Staughton 15 December, 1588. He is men- 
tioned in the will of his father, 1605, as being under age. 

Edward Dyer, 5th son of Sir Richard Dyer, Kt., was 
baptized at Great Staughton 28 July, 1594, and married at Colm- 
worth, CO. Beds., 26th November, 1614, Margaret Knight. 

Anne Dyer, the only daughter of Sir Richard Dyer, Kt., is 
mentioned in the will of her father, 1605, who gives “To my 
daughter Anne Dyer £^^00 “at the age of 21, besides the Manor 
“ of Upton, already assured to her.” She was married, to Sir 
Edward Carre of Sleaford, co. Lincoln, created Baronet 29th 
June, 1611, as his second wife. He died 1619. 

She was married, secondly, to Henry, son of Sir Oliver 
Cromwell, Kt., cousin of the Lord Protector. He was baptized 
27th August, 1586, at St. John’s, Huntingdon, and died 18 
September, and buried 19 September, 1657, in the Chancel of 
Ramsey Church, co. Hunts. 

She was buried in Ramsey Church by her second husband. 
In the Ramsey register she is styled “ The Lady Ann Car, wife 
to Henry Cromwell buried 12 January, 1639-40.” She had 
issue by her first marriage, Sir Robert Carr, but in 1683 the 
Baronetcy became extinct. By her second marriage she had 
nine children. 

{To he continued.) 

69. The Adventure to New England from Dorches- 
ter IN 1623. — 

Among the uncalendared proceedings of the Court of Re- 
quests of Charles Ts reign is a document which has some bearing 
on the early history of the New England Colonies, containing as 
it does an account by Mr. John White, the well-known minister 
of Dorchester, of the adventure to New England undertaken by 
himself and others. The account is in the form of an ‘answer,’ 
dated 12 Oct., 1634, to a bill (which has so far not been found) 
having for its object the recovery of the value of some salt, 
boats, and nets, which had been left by a ship called ‘ The Zouch 
Phenix ’ at Cape Anne in New England, and which were said to 
have been seized by factors in the employment of the adventurers. 
William Whiteway of Dorchester, whose diary has often been 
quoted, makes several references to “ The New England busy- 
ness ” and gives the names of the committee chosen by the adven- 
turers for the management of their affairs, but possibly no other 
contemporary document deals with the Dorchester adventure so 
fully as this ‘ answer.’ 

Mr. White states that “eleven years sittence and upwards 
divers knights, gentlemen and others did agree to ioine togither 
in purse as ioynt adventurers for the setlingof a Plantacon in New 
England in America for the better and more convenient taking 

io8 Somevset Dorset Notes S> Queries. 

and saving of the fish in the seas of those parts and also for bar- 
tering and exchange of comodities transported from the King- 
dom of England with the natives of New England aforesaid as of 
such others as afterwards became adventurers with them this 
defendant to his best knowledge and remembrance hath heere- 
under particularly menconed and expressed viz : ... [Here 
follow the names of the adventurers, 122 in number, the majority 
of whom were Dorset people, but there were several from Devon 
and Somerset and a few were resident in London or New Eng- 
land.] in wch said designe the said Joynt adventurers having 
spent and lost about ^3000 and thereupon being weary of adven- 
turinge in that kind by reason of their losses and finding much 
difficulty in accomplishing their purpose they the said adven- 
turers in the third yeare of your Majestie’s reign did forbeare 
any further to adventure in New England for their ioynt accompt 
and thereupon the said Plantacon was dissolved and deserted by 
the said ioynt adventurers. And this defendant hath heard that 
during the tyme of the continuance of the said Plantacon viz : 
about the year of our Lord God 1625 one John Tilly now resident 
(as this defendant believeth in New England) or some other or 
others who were ymployed for the said ioynt adventurers did 
without any order of this defendant or of any other of the said 
ioynt adventurers to this defendant’s knowledge take some salt 
wch was left at Cape Anne in New England by the master and 
company of the ‘ Zouch Phenix’ and that some persons also who 
were of New Plimouth Plantacon in New England tooke alsoe 
some of the same salt ” 

The latter part of the answer is concerned with a rather later 
adventure, in the year 1627, by Mr. White and nine others, nearly 
all of Dorchester, when John Watts one of their factors used 26 
hogsheads of the salt for curing fish. The salt however, having 
been stacked in the open air, proved to be useless so that the fish 
were spoiled. F. J. Pope. 

70. Contract for a Roodloft for the Church of 
Croscomre, Somerset. —(Early Chancery Proceedings 215/20, 
dated between 1493 and 1500). 

To the moste reuend fader in god my lord Cardinall Archi- 
bysshop of Cantbury and Chancier of Englond. 

Mekely besechieth your gode and gracious lordship your 
humble oratour Richard Maudeleyn of Coscombe in the countie 
of Soms clothier that wher as he ij yeres passed bargayned and 
couennted with one Robt Kerver to make and kerve for your said 
Oratour A Rodelofte yn Tymber to be set in the paryshe churche 
of Coscombe afforesaide withyn halfe yere next aft’ the saide 
couehnt made and for stuffe and Warkmanship thereof yo*^ saide 
Oratour shold geve unto the saide Robt x^* wher of your saide 
Oratour shold paie xF in honde unto the same Robt and the re- 

Sovievset & Dorset Notes &> Queries, log 

sidewe of the saide be paied unto the saide Robt at such a 
tyme as he has accompliced the saide Werk and for more suretie 
that the saide Robt shold truly [? perform] the said kar[ving] 
and coennt one Thomas at Courte and Walter at Wode at the 
desire of the saide Robt be came suretie for hym by their p’mes 
and your saide Oratour trustyng the p’mes of the saide Thomas 
and Wait‘d payed and delyv’ed to the saide Robt in hande the day 
of the makyng of this couvennt the saide xl^ And now sithans 
the makyng of the saide couennte the saide Robt hath noo thing 
doon in the makyng of the said Rodelofte and howe be it that 
your saide OraT hathe dyuse tymes required the saide Robt 
Thomas and Walt to pfourme the saide couennt or els to repay to 
hym the said xl^ yet they that to do at all tymes have refused and 
yet refuseth of which your saide Orat‘d for lak of an especialte is 
withoute remedie by the comyn lawe Please it therfor your gode 
and graciouse lordship to graunt seu’all writts of sub pena to be 
direct to the saide Robt Thomas and Walt comaundyng theymby 
the same tapper affore the Kyng in his chauncery at a certeyn 
day and under a certeyn payn by yo^ gode and gracious lordship 
to be lymated to the p’misses accordyng to ryght and gode con- 
science and this for the loue of god and yn the way of charyte. 

F. J. Pope. 

71. Canons of Wimborne. — The following extracts from 
the Papal Registers and from Petitions to the Popes now in course of 
publication under the direction of the Master of the Rolls, relate 
to Canons of Wimborne. With the exception of de Ayreminne 
none of these Canons is mentioned in Hutchins. 

J. A. J. Housden. 

Regesta. 6 Boniface viii. Dispensation at the request of 
Leonard, Bishop of Albano, to his chaplain, Master Robert de 
Vanna, canon of the chapel royal of Wimburn Minster, who 
successively obtained the churches of Kirkebithor in the diocese 
of Carlisle, and Swaneton in that of Lincoln, and held them for 
five years without papal dispensation, to retain the same. Anagni, 
4 Id. May, 1 300. 

Regesta. 12 John xxii. To Richard de Ayremynne, one of 
the King’s clerks. The like provision of a canonry and prebend 
of Salisbury ; notwithstanding that he has the prebends of 
Canleton with Turleby in Lincoln, and Cockington in Darlington, 
is rector of Elveleand has a prebendal portion in the free chapel 
of Wimborne Minster, and has provision made to him of a 
canonry and prebend of Chichester; the rectory is to be resigned. 
Avignon, 10 Kal. April, 1328, 

Regesta. 16 John xxii. To Richard de Ayreminne. The 
like provision at the King’s request, whose clerk he is, of a 
canonry and prebend of Lincoln ; notwithstanding that he is 

no Somerset 6- Dorset Notes Queries, 

chancellor of Salisbury and prebendary of Briklesworth with its 
dependent chapels, and has canonries and prebends of Chichester 
and Darlington, and a prebendal portion of the royal chapel of 

Concurrent mandate to the bishops of Winchester and Nor- 
wich and another named. Avignon, 5 Kal. Dec., 1331. 

Petitions to the Pope, i Innocent vi ; Simon, Archbishop of 
Canterbury ; on behalf of his clerk, Richard de Plassis, bachelor 
of civil and canon law, for a canonry of London, with expectation 
of a prebend, notwithstanding that he has the archdeaconry of 
Colchester and a canonry and prebend of Wimborne. Granted. 
Villeneuve by Avignon, 4 Id. Aug., 1352. 

Petitions to the Pope, i Innocent vi. Queen Philippa. On 
behalf of her spiritual son, Philip de Bello Campo of the diocese 
of Lincoln, son of Roger de Bello Campo, knight, for a canonry 
of Lincoln, with expectation of a prebend, notwithstanding that 
he is in his fourteenth year, and has the free chapel of Tikhill, 
and canonries and prebends of Crediton and St. Tethe, about 
which he has a suit in the Roman court, and canonries and pre- 
bends of Wimborne, Exeter and Salisbury, and canonries with 
expectation of prebends of Beverley and Southwell. Granted. 
Avignon, 7 Id. Mar., 1353. 

On the same day a Mandate was issued to the Bishop of 
Salisbury to give to Philip de Bello Campo, if he be found fit, a 
canonry of Lincoln. He is to be examined before the benefice 
is conferred. Regesia. 

Petitions to the Pope. 3 Innocent vi. Guy de Briene, baron, 
on behalf of his clerk, William de Osbreston, for a canonry of 
Salisbury, with expectation of a prebend, notwithstanding that 
he has the church of Stanford, and canonries and prebends of 
Wimborne, Wherwell and Hastings. Granted. Avignon, 9 Kal. 
Feb., 1355. 

On the same day a Mandate was issued to the Archbishop 
of York, touching the canonry at Salisbury ; Osbreston was to 
resign Hastings. Regesta. 

Petitions to the Pope, i Urban v. The chancellor, &c. of 
the University of Oxford pray for graces to John de Broghton of 
the diocese of Lincoln, D.C.L., a canonry and prebend of Salis- 
bury, notwithstanding that he has the church of Saltwod, value 
50 marks, a prebend in the royal chapel of Wimborne Minster, 
value 10 and the prebend of Kinweston in the royal chapel of 
Wolverhampton, value 16 marks. Granted ; and resign the said 
chaplaincies. Avignon, 8 Kal. Dec., 1362. 

Petitions to the Pope, i Urban v. Thomas Yonge, clerk, of 
the diocese of Wells, for confirmation of the chacellorship of 
London, notwithstanding certain reservations to the Apostolic 
see, and that he has a canonry of Wells, and of the royal chapel 
of Wimborne Minster, and a prebend in both churches, value 

Somerset Dorset Notes S> Queries. iii 

together 25 1 . Granted; and let him resign one of the prebends. 
Avignon, 8 Kal. Sep., 1363. 

Lateran Regesia. 2 John xiiii. To Thomas Shelford, rector 
of Bokeland in the diocese of Salisbury. Dispensation to him — 
who also holds the canonry and sacerdotal prebend of Doultecote, 
alias Doultyngcote, in Wells, the canonry and prebend of Syres- 
cote in Tamworth, in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield, and 
a canonry and prebend in the free chapel royal of Wymburn- 
mynstre in the diocese of Salisbury, and is an acolyte only ; not 
to be bound for three years to have himself promoted to higher 
orders on account of the said church and sacerdotal prebend, 
provided that within a year from the date of these presents he 
have himself ordained subdeacon. St. Peter’s Rome, 18 Kal. 
July, 141 1. 

Indult. to Thomas Schelford, Canon of Wells, to choose his 
confessor. St. Peter’s, Rome. Non. Nov., 1412. 

72. Early Posts in Dorset and Somerset. — The oflSce 
of Master of the Posts was probably created early in the sixteenth 
century, and from the date of its creation until the end of the 
century there seem to have been regular posts between London, 
or the Court, and Dover and Berwick respectively. These posts 
were established for the conveyance of correspondence on state 
business, and for providing horses for persons travelling with a 
commission from the Council, or from certain of the sovereign’s 
ministers. In process of time private persons were allowed to 
send their letters by the posts and to hire horses from postmasters 
without obtaining a commission. As occasion required other 
posts than those to Dover and Berwick were set up, but these 
posts were discharged as soon as they ceased to be necessary for 
purposes of state. When the sovereign went on progress posts 
were laid from London for the use of the Court, and accordingly 
there was a post to Bristol in 1574, when Queen Elizabeth visited 
the city, and in August, 1613, there was a post to Bath, when 
Queen Anne, the wife of James I., went to take the waters. 

In 1599 there was a regular post between London and Ply- 
mouth, with stages at Shaftesbury, Sherborne and Crewkerne, 
and this post seems to have been maintained until 1611, when it 
was discharged. It was re-established by royal proclamation in 
October, 1620, and a post between London and Plymouth has 
been maintained ever since. The wages of the posts at Shaftes- 
bury, Sherborne and Crewkerne were fixed in 1620 at is. 8d. a day. 

In 1677 an account of the posts was prepared for the Duke 
of York, upon whom the revenues of the Post Office had been 
settled by Parliament in 1663. This account is contained in a 
book which formerly belonged to the first Lord Dartmouth, and 
is now in the Record room of the General Post Office. In 1677 
England was for postal purposes divided into six runnings, or 

1 12 Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

roads, and two of these, the West and the Bristol Road, conveyed 
correspondence into Dorset and Somerset. On the West Road, 
Shaftesbury, Sherborne, Crewkerne and Chard were stages. 
There were by-posts from Shaftesbury to Poole, from Sherborne 
to Weymouth and from Axminster to Lyme. On the Bristol 
Road there w^as no stage in Somerset, but there was a by-post 
from Marlborough to Devizes, Trowbridge, Frome and War- 
minster. A single letter, i.e., a letter consisting of one sheet of 
paper only, was carried for any distance up to eighty miles for 
twopence, and beyond eighty miles for threepence. A letter 
weighing an ounce was carried eighty miles for eightpence, and 
any distance beyond for one shilling. 

The mails left London about midnight on Tuesdays, Thurs- 
days and Saturdays, and were due in London on Monday, 
Wednesday and Friday mornings. They were carried on horse- 
back at the rate of five miles an hour, and half-an-hour’s 
detention was allowed at each stage. 

In 1696 the first cross-post in England was set up between 
Bristol and Exeter. This cross-post brought Bridgwater, Taunton 
and other towns in Somerset into postal communication with the 
rest of the country. In 1720 Ralph Allen, of Bath, obtained a 
contract for the cross-posts and by-posts of England, and began 
to reform and improve them. At that date, according to a notice 
printed in Strype’s Edition of Stow’s Survey of London, published 
in that year, the post-towns, or stages, in Dorset were Shaftesbury, 
Sherborne, Blandford and Weymouth, and there were “branching 
out” posts at Dorchester, Poole, Frampton, Wimborne Minster, 
Wareham, Cranborne, Sturminster, Evershot, Beaminster, Lyme 
and Bridport. In Somerset there were post-towns, or stages, at 
Bristol, Bath, Taunton, Crewkerne and Chard, and “ branching 
out ” posts at Yeovil, Shepton Mallet, Frome Selwood, Glaston- 
bury, Ilchester, Queen’s Camel, Wells, Bruton, Wincanton, 
Winscombe, Somerton, Petherton, Ilminster, Bridgwater, Mine- 
head, Dunster, Pensford, Philip’s Norton and Axbridge. 

J. A. J. Housden. 

73. Hornblotton Parsonage, Somerset. — 

The following copy of a document relating to Hornblotton 
has been communicated by Mr. J. J. Hammond, of Salisbury. 
It is taken from the Book of Statute Merchant Bonds, among 
the Salisbury City Muniments. The “ writing obligatorie”, 
alluded to in the indenture, is not set out in extenso, in the 
record, so that any further particulars it may have contained can- 
not now be known. It may be conjectured that Gwyn had been 
disappointed in obtaining the parsonage of Hornblotton, which 
Alice Moone had promised him, or in some other way had been 
injuriously treated by her, and waxed wroth in consequence. To 
content him, Thomas Chaffyn covenants to pay him a pension 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 113 

until the benefice be vacant, if Alice Moone lives so long. 
Should she die before the avoidance, it would be no longer in 
Gwyn’s power to molest her, and the raison d'etre of the pension 
would disappear. 

This Indenture witnesseth that whereas Hugh Gwyn Chaplen 
by his writing obligatorie of the Statute Merchaunt at Acton 
Burnell and Westminster for Merchaunts made and founded in 
the tyme of King Edward the thirde bearing the date of theis 
presents ys hold and fast bounde to Thomas Chaffyn of the Citie 
of Newe Sarum in the Countie of Wiltes Mercer in the some of 
oon hundred poundes sterlinges to be payde as in the same 
writyng obligatorie more playnely it is conteigned Nevertheles 
the same Thomas Chaffyn for hym his executors & assigns will 
& grauntythe by thes presents that if Alice Moone widow from 
the day of makyng of theis presents duryng her naturall lief by 
the said Hugh Gwyn his assigns or any other maner of person or 
persons by his denomignacion in his name or by his assignment 
be not violently assauted nor any other maner of wise hurted in 
her body ne in her goodes And also that if the said Hugh from 
henceforth in any maner of place willyngly do not use ne haunt 
the company of the said Alice nor any other manner of wise 
intend conspire nor purpose to hurt damage nor any other maner 
of wise harme the said Alice Moone duryng her naturall lief that 
then the said writyng obligatorie to be voyde and of noon effect 
Orels to stande in his full strength power and vertue And fur- 
thermore the said Thomas Chaffyn and his assigns will and 
graunten by theis presents that if the said Hugh Gwyn from 
henceforthe during the naturall lief of the said Alice Moone 
without any maner collusion craft or substitute do well truly and 
accordinglie perform observe and kepe all & every article above 
especified and comprised To content & pay or do to be contented 
and paid unto the said Hugh & his assigns yerely unto the tyme 
that the parsonage of Horneblouton in the countie of Somersett 
& in the Diocese of Bathe and Wells whereof the said Alice ys 
patrones shall happen to be next voide or inofficiate xxvi®- viii'^- 
of good and lawful money of England And if it happen that the 
said parsonage be not voyde nor inofficiate before the dethe & 
decesse of the said Alice Moone that then the said Thomas 
Chaffyn promysith and grauntith by theis presents that he his 
executors or assigns shall content & pay or do to be contented 
and paid to the said Hugh Gwyn and his assigns yerely duryng 
the natural lief of the said Alice Moone xxvis. &viiid. of good & 
lawful money of England In Witness of ail the premises the 
parties afforesaid interchangably have set their Seals Given the 
sevynth day of the monethe of Decembre in the xviii yere of the 
reigne of King Henry the eight. 

[In 1505 John Mene gen. was Patron, perhaps this should 
be Mone.] Editor for Somerset. 


1 14 Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries, 

74. St. Nectan in Somerset (IV. p. 86.) — The existence 
of an altar dedicated to this Cornish saint in the parish of Ched- 
dar, in century XV, was noted as above. It seemed difficult to 
account for such a dedication in Somerset, and it was Mr. Baring 
Gould's opinion that it dated back to very early times. It now ap- 
pears, by the publication of Part II. of the Episcopal Register of 
Thomas de Blantyngham, Bishop of Exeter (AD. 1370 — 1394) 
that the altar may have been erected and dedicated in the time of 
Sir William Fitz-Walter, at the end of century XIV. The family 
of Fitz Walter gave its name to one of the four manors in Ched- 
dar, and the Chantry Chapel, on the south side of the church, 
belonged to this manor, and is known as the Fitz Walter Chapel. 
There is abundant evidence that a William and a John Fitz 
Walter, his son, resided in Cheddar through the middle of cen- 
tury XIV up to 1360, during which period the reconstruction of 
the parish church was proceeding (see Somerset A. and N. H. 
S. Proc., vol. xlix. ii. 72-75.) In 1384, the Chantry Chapel of St. 
Mary had been quite recently founded by the de Cheddre family. 
And now in this very year there occurs a most curious episode, 
which closely links the name of a Sir William Fitzwalter 
with the parochial chapelry of St. Nectan in the neighbour- 
ing diocese of Exeter, and which may have led to the 
foundation of the Altar of St. Nectan in Cheddar Church. Pre- 
bendary Kingeston- Randolph, the able editor of the Exeter 
Episcopal Registers, has related the episode in his interesting 
preface to Bishop Blantyngham’s Register, at some length. It 
may be briefly stated thus. In this year, 1384, Sir William Fitz 
Walter was residing in the Manor House of Langenythe in the 
parish of St. Veep. In the adjoining parish of St. Winnow, there 
stood a Chapel of St. Nectan — a capella dependens on the Parish 
Church. In this same year Archbishop Courtenay was holding a 
Metropolitical Visitation of the diocese of Exeter, and for the 
time Bishop Blantyngham’s jurisdiction was, consequently, in 
abeyance. Sir William desired to see a man of his own choice 
as chaplain of the chapel of St. Nectan, and to effect this object, 
he concocted a story which was wholly untrue, and with it he 
approached the Archbishop. He represented to Courtenay that 
the chapelry was a rectory, of which he himself was the patron ; 
that the last rector was deceased ; that he now wished to present 
a friend to it ; and therefore he sought the Archbishop’s mandate 
for the institution and induction of his presentee. The proceeding 
was fraudulent in the extreme, but the Archbishop was taken in, 
and, believing the statements (without consulting the Diocesan) 
issued his mandate. As Prebendary Kingestcn-Randolph says, 
“ The chapel was never a distinct ‘Ecclesia ’ (or Rectory), and all 
the above recited details were pure inventions.” “ It may have 
occurred to Sir William that, the jurisdiction of the Bishop being 
for a time superseded by the authority of the Primate, it might be 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 115 

possible to induce the latter to believe that the limits of the 
Chapelry were the boundaries of a distinct parish, of which he 
was patron, and to admit and institute his presentee.” However 
“ the scheme failed, and we hear no more of Sir William’s pre- 
tended patronage.” The Altar of St. Nectan in Cheddar Church 
may very possibly owe its foundation to the connection of the 
Fitz Walters in their Cornish home with the saint.” 

James Coleman. 

75. Butleigh Revel. — “Favoured with delightful weather 
Butleigh ‘ Revel,’ which came to a close yesterday, was an 
unequivocal success. Inspired by the pageant held at Sherborne 
last year the residents of Butleigh, a secluded Somerset village, 
heartily supported the project to hold a similar festival. The 
theme of the pageant was the history of Glastonbury from the 
time of the Phoenicians to 1752. Practically all the villagers 
assisted in one way or another, and residents in the neighbour- 
hood lent practical help to the festival. The costumes were all 
made locally, the ladies of Butleigh holding sewing classes in the 
winter months, and this of itself pleasantly stimulated interest in 
the production. Mr. R. Neville Grenville put the grounds of 
Butleigh-court at the disposal of the promoters. The book was 
written by Miss M. Berkeley, daughter of the vicar. There were 
eight acts, as they were termed, but they were preceded by a 
tableau, ‘The Phoenician Traders’ (after Lord Leighton’s painting 
in the Royal Exchange), and followed by a procession in which 
all those who had assisted in the ‘Revel’ took part. The acts 
dealt with the coming of St. Joseph of Arimathea and the 
blossoming of the holy thorn; ‘the passing of Arthur,’ showing 
the burial of the hero king at Glastonbury Abbey ; King Alfred 
and the burning of the cakes ; the peace of Wedmore ; Dunstan 
and King Edmund Ironsides ; Henry I. granting the charter for 
Tor Fair, which has been held annually for nearly eight cen- 
turies ; the dissolution of Glastonbury Abbey and the trial and 
execution of Abbot Whyting, the last Abbot of Glastonbury; 
Monmouth’s rebellion, and his reception of seven recruits from 
Butleigh; also the presenting of a Bible and a sword to him by 
the maids of Taunton ; and the final act shown by the ‘ magic 
tapestry’ was entitled ‘The change of style in 1752 at Glaston- 
bury.’ The director and stage manager, to whom much of the 
success of the pageant must be attributed, was Mr. D. Mildred, 
of Cirencester. The incidental, vocal, and instrumental music, 
and the Morris dances, had, like the tableaux, been carefully 
rehearsed. Any profit from the ‘ Revel ’ will be devoted to some 
public object at Butleigh.’' 

(From The Times,, Thursday, 21st June, 1906.) 

76. Mapperton. — In The Place Names of Bedfordshire, 
Professor Skeat, in dealing (at p. 23) with the origin of the place 

Somerset Dorset Notes cS- Queries. 

1 16 

name Meppershall, incidentally mentions that the sense of the 
place name Mapperton in Dorsetshire is “ mapletree town,” the 
A. S. form being Mapuldiirlun, and that it has no connection 
with the personal name Mapert which appears to have been the 
name of the first inhabitant of Meppershall (= Meipert’s, or 
Mapert’s Nook). 

There appears also to be aMaperton(A. D. 1349) in Somerset- 
shire {^Cal. Clos. Rolls, vol. ix., p. 18) and Mapperton Hill is 
shewn on the Ordnance Map near Maiden Bradley, and as if in 

Compare Mapledurham (1349, Mapelderham) Oxfordshire; 
Mappleton (1349, Mapelton) Yorks; Maplestead (1349, Mapel- 
tristead) Essex. {Cal. Clos. Rolls, ix., pp. 76, 187, 528). 

H. W. Underdown. 

77. Dorset Recoveries. (VI. pp. 14, 116, 164, 213, 
254, 314, 343, VII. 17, 59, 107, 144, 196, 250, 298, 338, VIII. 
8,55, 127, 164,252,323, IX. 44, 84, 122, 165, 209, 263, 312, 
364, X. 36). 

Charles II. ’s Reign (continued.) 

East. 22nd year i — Thomas Hill, gen., &> Cavendish Middleton, 
150 j gen.v. John Horsnell, gen., &= John Carpen- 

ter, gen. — 2 messuages i pigeoncot & 500 
acres in Tarrant Hinton. (Vouchee, Miles 
Steward, bart., who calls Miles Steward.) 

Ditto ) — John Sydenham, tart., &> Robert Merefeild, 

I j gen. V. Laurence Brome, gen., &= Giles Hinton, 

gen. — Manor of Marshwood & 9 messuages, 
2 mills, 2 pigeoncots, & 5800 acres. View of 
Frankpledge, & goods of Felons, Fugitives, 
Suicides, & persons put in exigent, in Marsh- 
wood, Whitechurch, Chuddock, Symonds- 
bury, Katherston Lewson, Stock, Atram, 
Wootton Fitzpaine, Wootton Abbott, Wyle, 
Gabrielis, Burstock, Pillisdon, Coleway, 
Charmouth, & Lyme Regis. (Vouchee, 
John, Lord Poulett.) 

Ditto J — John Whetcomhe, junior v. Henry Batson. — 13 

I j acres in Thornford. 

Ditto j — Lancelot Cox v. Samuel Looke &> Joseph Loohe. 

42 j — A messuage, watermill & 50 acres in Stoke 

Abbott & Marshood. (Vouchee, Thomas 

Ditto ) — Henry Lewen, gen. v. J0J171 Greene, jmiior, ge 7 i., 

12 ) &> John Fitch. — A messuage & 202 acres 

in Kingston Lacy & Wimborne Minster. 
(Vouchee, Peter Gard, gen.) 





Mich. 22nd 







’^ojnerset 6^ Dorset Notes &> Queries. 117 

) — Bartholomew Palmer, junior, John Edwards 
j V. William Raddon & John Starr. — A mes- 
suage & 52 acres in Dalwood. (Vouchees, 
Nicholas Broughton, & Jane his wife.) 

I — William Knott &= John Vicary v. Johan Hear^ie 
) alias Davy, widow. — A messuage & 70 acres 
in Dalwood & a moiety of tithes of the same. 
(Vouchee, John “ Hearne, junior, alias Davy” 
who calls Elias Hearne alias Davy.) 

year ) — George Pley, junior, Benjamin Gaich v. 
j William Haberfeild, gen., John Savage, 
gen. — 2 messuages & 1 16 acres in Waymouth 
& Melcombe Regis, Rodipoll, Cawseway, 
Broadway, Ansty, & Helton. (Vouchee, 
Joseph Pitt, gen.) 

\ — Francis Gundry Ellis Dawe v. William 
j Dawe. — A messuage and 15 acres in Ramp- 

sham alias Ransham. 

— George Filliter, gen. v. William Chesman . — 
A messuage & 45 acres in Litchet Minster, 
& Sturmister Marshall. (Vouchees, Chris- 
topher Harding, gen., & Jonathan Hardy, 

'I — Durant Alsopp, Esq., Thomas Stringer, gen. 

J V. John Manners, Lord Roos, John Cecill, 
Lord Btirleigh. — Manors of Wymborne St. 
Giles, Wymborne French alias Wymborne All 
Saints, Guissage All Saints, Hinton Marten 
alias Hinton Martell, Chalbury, Didlington, 
Kingston alias Kenston, & Phillipston alias 
Phelpston & the hundred of Wymborne St. 
Giles & 1 50 messuages, 4 mills, 4 pigeoncots, 
&: 15250 acres & rents in these places & in 
Guissage St. Michael, Edmundsham, Cram- 
borne alias Craneborne, Lidlinch, Knowlston, 
Charlton, Bidcombe, Brockington, Horton, 
Romford, Hawkeshill, Stapleham, & Damer- 
ham South, & the Rectory of Loaders & 
tithes there, & the advowsons of Wymborne 
St. Giles, Wymborne All Saints, Hinton 
Martell, & Loaders. (Vouchee, Antony, 
Lord Ashley, who calls Antony Ashley, Esq., 
his son and heir apparent.) 

ii8 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

Ditto 1 

164 J 

1 — Richard Hillary, gen., Thomas Ahington, 

1 gen. V. George Parry, gen., 6^ Robert Rajidall, 
gen. — A messuage & 137 acres in Well, 
Wellwood, Langdon, & Beaminster. (Vou- 
chee, John Minterne.) 



1 — Thomas Delacomd, gen. v. Alexander Vincent, 
) gen., Phillippa his wife. — A messuage 2 

gardens & i acre in Stokehide, the Warner- 
shipp of Pimperne, & Blandford Forum. 

Hil. 22nd& 23rd 1 
years, 64 J 

1 — Roger Nettleship, gen. v. William Yeatman. 
1 — 60 acres in Stalbridge. (Vouchee, Robert 
Burton, gen.) 

East. 23rd year | 

183 i 

^ — Johi Palmer, seyiior, c~ Edward Mynterne, 
gen. V. John Barnes, gen. — Manor of Dun- 
tish, & 6 messuages & 340 acres in the 
Forest of Blackmore, Duntish, Buckland 
Newton, Tiley, and Mynterne Magna. 

^ 0 


0, - 

1 — Henry Aldridge, gen. v. Robert Cox. — A 
1 messuage &: 18 acres in Kington Magna. 
(Vouchee, John Curtis, who calls John 
Marsh, junior.) 

Ditto ] 

121 J 

1 — Thomas Marwood, gen. v. James Marwood, 
1 gen. & Grace his wife. — 2 messuages & 68 
acres in Dollwood, Dallwood Downe, Den- 
nings Hill, Thcrney, Cleves, Peires Downe, 
Twynhayes, Dickens l^Jarsh, Dalwood Marsh, 
& Dalwood Greene. 

Ditto 1 


1 — Hugh Talbott, gen. v. John Gaysford, gen., 

[ Stephen Palmer, gen. — Manor of Evans Court 
& 54 messuages & 388 acres in Wimborne 
IMinster, Sturmister Newton Castle, War- 
ham, Stoborough, Shaston, Blandford 
Forum, Horton, Stalbridge, Shapwick, & 
Caulton. (Vouchee, Roger Newborough, 



I — Thomas Rous, gen., & Thomas Washer, gen. v. 
) Robert Rouse, gen. — 90 messuages &: 870 acres 

in Bridport alias Burpett, Loders IMatravers, 
Uploders, Litton, Askerswell, Bauton alias 
Bothenhampton, Bradpall, & Walditch. 
(Vouchee, Jonathan Waad, gen.) 

Mich. 23rd. year 

i — Andrew Loader, gen. v. Thomas Browne. — 6 
) messuages & 6 gardens in Dorchester. 

Somerset Dorset Notes &= Queries. iig 

Ditto ) — John Bowles, gen. v. William Yeatman, gen. — 

184 j A messuage & 81 acres in Canford Magna 

& tithes there. (Vouchee, Robert Toope, 

Ditto / — Robert Blaney, Esq., Maurice Hunt, Esq. 

200 ( V. Antony Lord Ashley. — Manor of Barwicke 

St. John & free chase and free warren in 
Cramborne alias Cranborne. (Vouchee, 
James, Earl Sarisbury.) 

Ditto I — Thomas Knott, John Davie v. Laurence 

18 J Bfome, gen., &= Giles Hinton, gen. — A barn & 

40 acres in Stokland & Crandons. (Vouchee, 
Mathew Bryan, clerk.) 

Ditto i — George Northover, gen. v. William Yeatman, 

20 ) gen. — 10 messuages, i pigeoncot, & 790 

acres in Ashmore & the advowson of the 
church there. (Vouchee, Robert Barber, 
Esq., who calls George Barber, gen.) 

Ditto i — Robert Coher, Esq., John Hurding, Esq., 

14 1 i George Stile, gen. v. Mary Rawles, widow. 

2 messuages and 100 acres in Fifehead. 
(Vouchee, Melchesedek Rawles, gen.) 

Ditto '( — Robert Harding John Gawler v. William 

157 J Burleton, gen. — 14 messuages, 42 acres, & 

liberty of foldage in Shaston & Shaston 
St. James alias Alcester. 

Ditto ) — Thomas White, gen. v. Thomas Richards, gen., 

39 ) John Seward, gen. — 2 messuages & 63 

acres in Chilbridge, Lighe, & Wimborne 
Minster. (Vouchees, Richard Goodridge, 
gen., & John Gautlett, gen.) 

F. J. Pope. 

78. Dorchester Beer (X. 21). — Here is a small contri- 
bution to a list of Dorchester brewers. 

William Miller of Dorchester, “ gent, and beer bruer,” vvas 
living in 1661. In 1654 he rented a malthouse in All Saints 
parish from his father, Leonard Miller of Fordington. 

Jonas Palfrey of Dorchester, brewer, died about 1661. 

Richard Bailv of Dorchester, brewer, died about 1741. 


79. Humming-Bird Bee Moth. — On Thursday, 12th July, 
1906, we saw in the garden ofEvercreech Post Office one of these 
rare moths. It was bright and sunny, and the time was 4. 15 p.m. 
The Hioth was hovering about with outstretched wings and was 


So 7 )ierset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

extremely like a tiny humming-bird. It was thrusting its 
proboscis into the flowers of the candytuft and extracting honey 
therefrom. Perhaps some of the readers of S. D. N. Q., 
may be able to give an account of its habits and mention its 
favourite haunts. 

2 . 

8 0. Musgrave Family. — Martin Musgrave was living at 
Horbury, near Wakefield, about 1761 to 1772. He was born 
between 1725 and 1742. It is supposed that he was a native of 
Somerset. Can any of our readers give the place of his birth ? 

2 . 

81. Shillingston Castle Cat. — I was told once of some 
myth or legend connected with “ Shillingston Castle Cat.” Can 
anyone give me information about this ? Where was “ Shillingston 
Castle ? ” 

George S. Fry. 

82. Holbrooke. — In 1635, Thomas Holbrooke aged 34, 
and described in the Ship’s List as of Broadway, Somerset, 
embarked from Weymouth, Dorset, for New England. Colonial 
Papers, vol. ix, 1635-8, P. R. Office, London. 

He was accompanied by his wife Jane, aged 34 and four 
children, John, Thomas, Anne and Elizabeth, born between 
1622 and 1634. Is there any trace of this family in the Somerset 
Records ? 

Holbrooke, of Suffolk, bore arms : — Argent, a chevron between 
three cross crosslets gules ; also, Or a chevron gules, surmounted with 
a cross formee fitchee, at the foot of the second. Crest — a lion's head 
erased sable charged with a chevron or, as in the arms. 

Is there any reason for believing that they were related to 
the Somerset family ? 

Holbrooke, of Newington, Kent, bore: — Azure, a cross or, 
fretty of the first, between four mullets of the second. 

Are there any printed pedigrees of Holbrooke and if so, 
where may they be consulted } 

550, Park Avenue, New York City, (Miss) Lucy D. Akerly. 


83. Havelland, Bramble, Daccombe. — In Hutchins’ 
Dorset, Vol. i, p. 640, is a Pedigree of Havelland, of Wilkswood, 
commencing in the 15th Cent. 

Under the heading of Thomas Havelland, who died 12 Aug., 
1624, and his wife Elizabeth, whose will was proved 20 Nov., 
1647, Hutchins says “she describes Henry Daccombe as her 
‘ Brother ’ but she also uses the same term in describing Richard 
Bramble. She is not named in the will of William Daccombe, 

Somerset S> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


and it is therefore not absolutely clear who was her Father.” 
But Hutchins prints in the pedigree “Elizabeth (.^ daughter of 
Wm. Daccombe).” 

But by the will of “John Bramble thelder,” Mayor of Poole 
1584, &c., proved 14 Feb., 1609 (my direct ancestor), I find he 
left 4 Sons and 2 Daughters, William, Christopher, John, Richard, 
Dorothie and Elizabeth. Richard, of Hart Hall 1607, “ the 
venerable and amusing Richard Bramble the then Town Clerk ” 
of the perambulation of 29 June, 1649 (Sydenham’s Hist. of Poole, 
373) was, no doubt, the Brother, in the modern restricted sense, 
of Elizabeth Havelland, and she the youngest of the children of 
“John Bramble thelder.” 

It will be seen by the same Pedigree in Hutchins’ that a 
sister, Margery, of Thomas Havelland, married Henry Daccombe, 
and he, and not Richard Bramble, would have been the Brother- 
in-law of the widow Elizabeth Havelland, born Bramble. 

(Lt.-Col.) James R. Bramble, F.S.A., J.P., C.C. Som. 
Weston-super-Mare, 22 August, 1906. 

84. Somerset and Dorset Marriages. — 

Si. Martin's Register, Salisbury. 

1692, March 29. John Harris of Odrey, Somerset, to Martha 

Rose, of this Parish. 

1693, 3 * Michaell Hill of Redding, Berks, to Mary Luiss 
Huff of Bruton. 

,, Sep. 2. Jonathan Perkins, of Abby Milton, Dorset, to 
Mary Carnier of Steeple Langford, Wilts. Lie. 

1695, Sep. 19. John fford of Shaston, co. Dorset, to Tabitha 
Barber of Bishopston, in this Co. Lie. 

1700, June 4. Robert Young of Cann, Dorset, Yeoman, to 

Elizabeth Shepperd of Downton. 

,, Jany- I. Charles Coock, a Taylor, of Cramborn, Dorsett, 
to Elizabeth Woads, of Rogborne, Wilts. 

1701, Edward Gould of Cramborn, Dorsett, to Priscilla Meatyard 
of this City. 

1705, George Pyle {? Tyle) of Stalbridge, Dorsett, to Mellier 
Alford of Tisbury, Wilts. 

1712, July I. Richard ffry of Hungerford ffarley, Somersett, 
to Eliz: Sellward, of East Knoyle, Wilts. Lie. 

1714, Sep. 8. William Sanger of East Knoyle, Wilts, to Eliza- 
beth Hicks of Shaston, Dorset, 

,, Feby- 2. Thomas Henwood of Wimborn St. Giles, to 
Martha Randoll of Damerham. 

,, March 21. William Harrison of Amsbury, Wilts, to Mary 
Lee of Cramborn, Dorset. Lie. 

1718, Feby- 9. Joseph Oborne of ffrome Selwood, Somerset, 
to Magdalen Rattue of St. Edmund’s. 


Somerset Dorset Notes <S-> Queries. 

1718, July I. Joseph Richmond of Pooll, to Eliz: Brickell of 
the same. Lie. 

,, Aug. 26. John Hart, of ffuntmell magna, Dorset, to 
Anne Stone ofBarwick St. John, Wilts. Lie. 

,, Dec. 28. Daniell Hinton, of Heitsbury, Wilts, to Jane 
Holock of Cramborn, Dorset. Lie. 

1722, Dec. 5. William Passingham of Blandford, to Anne 
Randall of this Parish. Lie. 

,, Feby- 21. John Masters, of ffrome Selwood, Somerset, 
to Jane Long, Widow, of Bradford, Wilts. Lie. 

1725, William Monk, of Margaret Marsh, Dorset, to Elizabeth 
Fidler, of Fifield, Wilts. Lie. 

1726, Feb. 6. John George, of ffrome Selwood, Somerset, to 

Jane Wait, of this City. Lie. 

1728, Oct. 15. John Angell, of Blandford, to Elizabeth Gould, 

of Downton. Lie. 

1729, Aug. 19. Edward Uphill of Mottcombe, to Elizabeth 

Street. Lie. 

,, Sep. 29. William Parsons of ffrome ,Sellwood, to Anne 
. Gilbert of Winterborne Stoke. Lie. 

1730, Ap. 14. Edward Perkins of Cramborn, to Margery Bull of 

Damerham. Lie. 

,, June 8. John Gateway of Nettlecombe, to Mary Biggs, 
of Clarendon Parke. Lie. 

,, Dec. 4. John Sandys to Mary Olive, of Frome Sellwood, 
Somerset. Lie. 

1732, Sep. 5. John Wheeler of Bristol, and Elizabeth Stoddart 
of St, Martin’s. Lie. 

T. H. Baker. 

85 . — Canterbury Marriage Licences. — The following 
references to Dorset folk are to be found among the Marriage 
Licences granted at Canterbury, and included in the Series 
privately published by Mr. J. Meadows Cowper, embracing the 
period from 1568 to 1725. 

ist Series, 1568-1618. Nil. 

2nd Series, 1619-1660. 

P. 671. Mihell, John, of Lydd, husb., ba. about 20, son of Joan 
Mihell of Burton in co. Dorset, w. who consents, as is testi- 
fied by Thos. Harvey of Lydd, blacksmith, & Mary Kennett 
of Lydd, b. about 20, d. of Mary Kennett, s.p., w. who 
also consents. At Lydd. Dec. ii, 1639. 

P. 512. Hookey, Henry, of “ Corke Mullen,''' in Dorsetshire^ sea- 
man, ba., 25, & Joan Dray of Deal, w. of George Dray 
late of Graveney near Faversham. At Deal. Dec. 27, 

P.534. Hussey, Edward, of Wye, linen draper, ba., about 24, 

Somerset Dorset Notes S= Queries. 123 

who, his father being dead, is now under the government 
of Jane Hussey, s.p., w., who consents, as is testified by 
Andrew Quashe of London, mercer, & Frances Nicholls, 
s.p., b., about 23, d. of Hugh Nicholls of the County of 
Dorset, who also consents. At St. Mary in Dover. Nov. 
25, 1625. 

P. 769. Pester, John, of the precincts of Christ Church Canter- 
bury, yeoman, ba., about 26, & Frances May of Hacking- 
ton, maiden, about 25, d. of Valentine May, late s.p., clerk, 
deceased about 18 years since, and now at her own 
government. At Hackington. Wm. Pester of Halstock in 
Dorset, yeoman, bonds. June 7, 1623. 

P. 243. Court, Alexander, of Deal, mariner, ba., about 20, whose 
parents are dead, Elizabeth Godfrey, s.p., v. about 24, 
whose parents also are dead. At St. Andrews, Canterbury. 
John Gillingham, of Weymouth in Dorset, mariner, bonds. 
Apl. 6, 1646. 

3rd Series, 1661-1676. Nil. 

4th Series, 1677-1700. 

P. 611. Wells, William, of Lyme in Dorset, mariner, ba., 30, 
and Ellyanor Waterstone, of Deal, w. At Deal or Great 
Mongeham. Thos. Reeder of Canterbury, innholder, 
bonds. Feb. 12, 1682. 

P. 137. Corben, Richard, of Poole in Dorsetshire, mariner, ba., 
25, & Sarah Dolby of Deal, w. At St. Mary Medman, 
Canterbury. Dec. 21, 1693. 

P. 531. Smith, John, of Poole in Dorsetshire, ba., 21, & Sarah 
Jennings of Sandwich, spr., 22. At St. Alphage or St. 
Mary Northgate, Canterbury. May 5, 1685. 

5th Series, 1701-1725. 

P. 472. Thorne, Andrew, of Glanvills Wootton, Dorsetshire, ba., 
& Jane Careen of Boughton Aluph, spr. At Boughton 
Aluph or EastwelL Sept. 21, 1716. 

P. 1 01. Coles, John, of Sandwich in the County of Dorset, widr., 
& Sarah Billingham of Maidstone, spr. At Maidstone 
Rolvenden or Newenden. July 13, 1724. 

P. 28. Bartholomew, Robert, of Sherborne in Dorset, ba., & Sus. 
Lucas of St. Dunstan, Canterbury, spr. At St. Dunstan, 
Blean or Hackington. June 6, 1707. 

P. 392. Rayman, John, of Weymouth, seaman, ba., & Elizabeth 
Jackson of St. Mary in Dover. At Deal or Shoulden. 
March 13, 1705. 

P. 489. Vinson, John, of Weymouth, ba., and Ann Farr of Deal. 

At Deal, Mongham, or Walmer. July 28, 1715. 

P. 514. Williams, Richard, of Wimhorne in Dorset, soldier, ba., 
& Elizabeth Limb, of Sturry, spr. At Sturry, Hackington 
or Rainhaw. Jan. 30, 1709. 

Geo. S. Fry. 

I2| Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

86. Dorset Deeds. — (VI. pp. 77, 348, VII. pp. 33, 76, 
164, 310, VIII. pp. 39, 62, 1 15, 206, 273, IX. pp. 75, 169, 233, 

No. 76. 

Richard Seamer to Matthew Burge. Confirmation of Exchange of 
lands in Marnhull. 

So all Xpian people to whom this present writing shall come 
I, Richard Seamer of Marnhull, Dorset, yeoman sendeth greet- 
ing, know ye that I, Richard Seamer, for the better confirming 
and exchange of the particulars hereunder mentioned from me 
unto Matthew Burge the elder of Marnhull yeoman and his heirs 
for and in lieu of certain pasture ground called Clelands lying 
within the manor of Moore al's Mooreside aVs Moore Court in 
parishes of Stower Provost and Marnhull, or in one of them, doth 
grant and confirm to said hlatthew Burge one and a half acre of 
meadow lying in Hammeade, Marnhull, bounded by lands of said 
Rd. Seamer on N., and lands of one Edward Stone on S. Also 
One other acre and a half of meadow called Stream [.?] lying in 
aforesaid meadow called Hammeade, bounded of E. by lands of 
Wm. Crosse, and on W. by lands of George Husse[?]esq; Also 
3 yeards of meadowe, called Sheepscutt, in Hammeade, bounded 
by lands of sd. Matthew Burge on S. and lands of Rd. Laninge 
on N. ; also one half yeard of meadow in Hammeade, shooting 
down to Ham Gate, bounded by lands of Rd. Seamer on N. and 
lands of one Mrs. Sagittary on S. Also one yeard of meadow 
in Hammeade, shooting down also to Ham Gate, bounded on N. 
by lands of Mr. Husse and on S. by lands of one Ambrose 
How {?), together with a close of meadowe or pasture lying in 
hlarnhull called Ashes, containing by estimation 3 acres, to- 
gether with the original Indenture of and belonging to the pre- 
mises aforesaid, to have and to hold the said premises to Matthew 
Burge, to the use and behoof of said Matthew Burge his heirs and 
assigns for ever. 27 April, Chap. II., 1672. 

John South, Morgan Flamberte, Richard Seaymer. 

'Hercules Nicholes, witnesses. 

No. 77. 

Samuel Ryall to John Evered. Sale of lands in Kington Magna. 

This Indenture dated ist of November, ii William III., 
1699, between Samuel Ryall of Henstridge, Somerset, clothier of 
the one part and John Evered of Nyland Parish of Kington 
Magna, Dorset, gent., of the other part witnesseth that the said 
Samuel Ryall in consideration of 5s. paid him by said John 
Evered doth sell to the said John Evered all that close of meadow 
formerly enclosed out of a common moore called North Moore 
containing two acres and a half bounded on the North with the 
lands of James Wickham gent., on the South with lands of John 

Somevset Dorset Notes Queries. 125 

Blackmoore gent., on the East with the lands of John Elderton 
gent., and on the West with the lands of John Oliver, and all 
that close of pasture formerly separated into two closes called 
Moore Furlong and Eastly Aloore containing 3 acres and 
bounded on the East with the lands of Thomas Dibbin on the 
North with Western Moore and on the South and West with the 
lands of John Blackmoore all which said premises are situate in 
Nyland in the parish of Kington Magna and in the possession of 
the said Samuel Ryall. To have and to hold the same to the said 
John Evered for one year at the rent of one pepper corn to the 
intent that by virtue of these presents the said John Evered may 
be able to accept a grant of the reversion and inheritance 
thereof. Samuel Ryal. 

Witnesses, Wm. Daye, Will. Moore, James Oliver, John Oliver, 
John Wadman. 

No Seal. 

No. 78. 

Sir John Hanham, Bart., to William Havvy. Lease of messuage and 
land in Wimhorne Minster, for 99 years. 

This Indenture made 29th of September, 10 William III, 
1698, between Sir John Hanham of Wimborne Minster, Dorset, 
Barronett of the one part and William Harvy of Wimborne 
Minster, tanner of the other part, Witnesseth that the said Sir 
John Hanham in consideration of the surrender of the former 
lease dated 20 May, i668, made between Sir William Hanham 
Bart., father of the said Sir John Hanham of the one part and 
the said William Harvey of the other part & also of £"10 hath 
granted the said William Harvy all that messuage with garden 
and one plot of meadow ground containing one yard adjoining 
situate in the tything of Leigh in the Parish of Wimborne 
Minster between the two bridges called Eastbrook Bridges, 
having the King’s Highway on the South thereof, which premises 
are now in the tenure of the said William Harvy and were late 
in the tenure of the said William Harvy & Elizabeth Holmer 
widow. To have & to hold the same unto the said William 
Harvy for 99 years if the said William Harvy, Gresham Harvy his 
daughter, and Benjamin Harvy his son shall live so long, at the 
yearly rent of 13/4 payable at the Annunciation & Michaelmas. 
Clauses for re-entry, maintenance of property and for suited 

Seal heraldic. Signed John Hanham. 

Witnesses, Charles Savage, Hannah Green. 

No. 79. 

Agreement between George, Frances and Bartholomew Barnes and 
Thomas Tregonwell to levy a fine of the Manor Farm of Barnesley, in 
Wimborne Minster, 

This indenture made 20th March, 10 Charles I [1634] 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

between George Barnes late of Barnesley, Dorset, gent., & 
Frances his wife, and Bartholomew Barnes, son and heir apparent 
of the said George Barnes of the one part & Thomas Tregonwell 
of Abscourt, Dorset, Esq., of the other part Witnesseth that 
whereas the said George, Frances & Bartholomew Barnes in con- 
sideration of £900, mentioned in a certain deed of sale dated the 
4th of March present to be paid them by the said Thomas 
Tregonwell did sell unto him divers parcels of houses, lands, etc., 
part of the manor of Barnsley aTs Barnardisley in the parish of 
Wimborne Minster, Dorset, and for that there is some doubt 
whether some of the lands were thereby recited to be situate in 
right fields or in contrary fields and that some lands were over or 
under estimated and other lands omitted to be inserted were 
truly intended to have been conveyed therefore for the better 
strengthening of the deed and certainty of the particular 
lands said to be conveyed they the said George Frances and 
Bartholomew Barnes have granted and agreed with the said Thomas 
Tregonwell that they will before the end of Trinity term next 
ensuing at the cost of said Thomas Tregonwell levy a fine in the 
Court of Common Pleas unto the said Thomas Tregonwell of all 
their capital messuage farm and lands of the manor of Barnesley 
as are hereafter mentioned viz : of the parlour of the said messuage 
and the chamber over the same the brew-house the cellar and 
the chamber over the cellar and the loft over the stable and sundry 
other rooms also the garden containing 2 acres lying on the West 
part of the said messuage and the cow pasture containing 30 
acres lying Westward of the messuage and adjoining the garden 
aforesaid and of the meadow called the Frith meadow con- 
taining 3 acres lying near to Frampton’s house in Barnesley 
and of 2 other closes of meadow in Barnsley the one con- 
taining 8 acres lying near the house late of Philip Barnes 
deceased and the other called Long Meade containing 10 acres 
and one close of land called Southerwood containing 30 acres 
lying south-west from Barnesley wood and of 2 acres of coppice- 
wood of Barnesley lying at the upper end of the wood and 
adjoining to the close of land called Southerwood and also of all 
those 7 acres of Barnesley Coppice lying at the upper end of the 
same wood by Henry Golsneyes late tenementthere and adjoining 
the said 2 acres of coppice and also 12 acres of arrable land lying 
in the common fields of Kingston Lacy and Barnesley called 
White-furlong and lying near to Southerwood aforesaid and also 
of one other parcel of arrable land called Adleston furlong lying 
in the north field of Kingston Lacy containing 12 acres and also 
of the after-share depasturing and feeding of seven acres of a 
meadow called Tenanten meadow lying in Barnsley at the lower 
end of the said long meade all which premises are reputed to be 
parcel of the said Manor farm of Barnesley als Barnardisley afore- 
said and which were not heretofore conveyed by the said George 

Somerset Dorset Notes S> Queries. 


Barnes to John Tregonwell, Esq., father of the said Thomas 
Tregonwell. Signature Geo. Barnes, Frances Barnes X, Ba. 

No Seals. Witnesses: Barth. Hall, John Barnes, Ro. Lewen, 
Nathaniel Dashwood. 

87. Somerset and Dorset Inscriptions in Salisbury 

On North Wall of North Aisle of the Nave. 


Johannis Stephens, M.D. 

Mariae Uxoris ejus dilectae. 

Hie A.D. 1746 Edvardo Thompson Ecclesiae hujus Cathe- 
dralis Organico et Chorodidascalo successit (a Praesule vere bono 
et Sapiente Martino Benson, Episcopo tunc Gloucestriensi, nec 
non Testimoniis liberalium hand paucorum commendatus :) quae 
Munera sedulo et honorifice explevit, dum Mors inopina Artus 
Artemq’ dissolverit Die Decembris decimo quinto, A.D. 1780. 
iEtatis 60. 

Beneficia in ilium a Decano et Capitulo Collata, eorum 
Existimationem Satis indicavere, Plurimos hujusce Civitatis 
Generosorum, et Regionis adjacentis Nobilium Artem musicam 
edocuit ; qua Scientia, et Felicitate, Discipuli clarissima et gra- 
tissima praebuerunt Argumenta ; Qua Comitate, Urbanitate, 
Lenitate (Patris potius quam magistri) intima Consuetude Disci- 
pulos inter Magistrumq’ non nisi cum Vita dirupta testetur ; 
Multorum honorum Familiaritate vivus plene usus est ; qui 
defuncti Memoriam Reverentia ut probi, et sine fuco integri 

Uxorem duxit Mariam Filiam natu tertiam Henrici Bull 
Armigeri de Frome in Comitatu Somersetensi, Foeminam cui 
Mens pia, sincera, benevola, casta, Dolore invicta. Morum Sua- 
vitate, Jucunditate pro Re Beneficentia ornata fuit. In Christo 
obdormivit Die Septembris tricessimo A.D. 1779. 

Parentibus optimis 
Filii moerentes 
hoc dicant Marmor. 

A White Marble Tablet in ornamental border, 
Surmounted by a shield of Arms and Crest. 


William Coles, Esquire 
OF THIS Close 

He died 4TH OF December 1789 
Aged 88 Years. 

Also of Jane his wife 
eldest sister of 


Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


Stalbridge, Dorset 
She died qf April i8oi, 

Aged 92 Years. 


Jane Medlycott 


Thomas Hutchings Medlycott, Esq^® 

OF Yen House, in the county 
OF Somerset 

She died of June 1824 
Aged 82 Years 

Also of Jane Paget Ainslie, Relict 
OF Philip Ainslie, Esq^ & Daughter of 
T. H. & Jane Medlycott, who died 
March 30^^ i839> Aged 70 Years. 

On South wall of Nave. 

A monument let into the wall representing a woman kneel- 
ing at a prayer desk beneath an arch. On either side are two 
Corinthian pillars. Over the Eastern is painted ^^e 
Western and between is the following incription : 

no better thought, then thincke on God and dayly him 

[to serve 



On the prayer desk in front of the woman is the following : 

elleonora iacet conivx mea chara svb isto 



Sancta fvit, sancte vixit, sancteq’ RECESSIT 


Beneath is the following : 


Elihonor Sadler late of | this Close of Sarvm, lineally 


OF THE Saint barbes of Ashington in Somersetshire and 
Cosen German ) to that thrice worthie Lady walsingham, 
WHO was Mother to the noble | Countesse of Essex, 
this Elihonor was the wife of Hugh Powell Esquire | 
high Sheriff of the Countie of Brecknock in South 
Wales and principal | register of this Diocese, and then 

Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries. 



THE Elder, Esquire of the body to the King’s most excel- 
Justice of the Peace and Quorum | within this Countie 


worthie Bishops of the same Diocese, her fervent zeale 
TO THE Gospel, | her daylie pleasure and delight in the 
AND Continual Care of the Poore both this Close | 



THIS HER Pew (wherein with great devotion) she 



Ann Powell together with 
AND her. 

Arms. Per saltire ermine and or, four escutcheons in cross gules 
(Sadler) impaling 

(1) Chequy argent and sable (St. Barhe of Aslington) ; 

(2) Az. a stag passant arg. attired or betw. the attires a regal 

crown ppr. (Powell of Brecknock) impaling St. Barhe, as 

On the floor of the Nave. 

In Memory of 
the Revd- Rich^Trickey 
many years one of the 
Priest Vicars of this Cathedral 
Rector of Writhlington 
in the County of Somerset 
and Vicar of Wilsford 
in the County of Wilts 
who died 25^^ March 1802 
Aged 76. 

Near this place lie 
also interred the remains of 
Edw° Dorchester Trickey 
his Son, who died 5^^ Aug*- 1785 
Aged 15 

And of two daughters of 
the above Richard Trickey 
who died in their infancy. 


lieth the Body of 



Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

Edward Rudge 
of the City of Bath, Esq*^- 
and who was many years 
an Inhabitant of this City. 

He married Elizabeth 
the Daughter of 
Walter Long, Esq^- 
by whom he had Issue 

Elizabeth and Benjamin 
He departed this Life 
28th May 1790 
Aged 73 years. 

T. H. Baker. 

88. Round Chimneys, Glanvilles Wootton, Dorset. — 
The accompan}dng illustration presents us with a front view of 
what now remains of the old Manor House, of Newlands, in Glan- 
villes Wootton, called Round Chimneys from a feature in the 
building which will strike the attention of the observer. The 
house is interesting as having been the residence of the Church- 
ills, ancestors of John, ist Duke of Marlborough, who, however, 
was not born there, but at Ash in Devon. How much the house 
has been shorn of its pristine beauty may be gathered by compa- 
ring this illustration with the sketch exhibited in Hutchins’ Dorset, 
3rd edit., vol. iii., p. 744. The whole attic storey, which, with 
its picturesque gables, gave so much character to the house, has 
disappeared, and the back of the mansion has been altogether 
changed. In the front also, the entrance doorway has been 
shifted to the left. Hutchins’ third edition ascribes the date to 
1590-1600, which seems a little early, but the ground floor of the 
kitchen premises may be of that time. This estate was sold by 
the Duke of Marlborough to Mr. Wellman of Poundisford, near 
Taunton, and by his descendants to the late Mr. J.C. Dale in 
1839, on the death of whose son, Mr. C. W. Dale, this year, it 
was purchased by Mr. Thomas Holford, of Castle Hill. 


89. Beaminster. — Can any of your readers give some in- 
formation concerning the derivation of the name of this town, 
formerly written Beminster or Beaminster .? According to Hutchins 
the place was sometimes called in ancient deeds Beleminster 
and Begeminster, and in Domesday Book “ Beminstre.” 

Richard Hine. 

90. Baptist Chapel at Corfe Mullen.— My attention 
was called a year or two ago to a Baptist Chapel, which is in a 
lane just off the high road, in Corfe Mullen, about miles from 
Broadstone Station. There is no reference to this chapel in 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries, 


Hutchins. In the Report of the Commissioners of 1838 as to the 
state and custody of Registers of Births, Deaths and Marriages 
in England and Wales other than Parochial Registers, there is in 
Appendix B a list of Registers, then existing, belonging to 29 
Chapels of the Three Denominations (Presbyterians, Indepen- 
dents and Baptists) in Dorset but this chapel at Corfe Mullen is 
not mentioned. In the 32nd Report of the Deputy Keeper of 
the Records, at Appendix II, is a Calendar of Trust Deeds, 
relating to Charities, which includes several dissenting bodies in 
Dorset, but there is no reference to this Chapel at Corfe Mullen, 
presumably because there is no endowment. In Volumes I and 
II of S. ^ D. N. Q. is a list of Dissenting Ministers within 
the County of Dorset, but as this Chapel is not referred to it is 
presumed there has been no resident minister. The only mention 
of the place which I have come across is in Kelly’s Directory of 
the County, where it is stated under Corfe Mullen — “ Here are 
Baptist, Wesleyan and Primitive Methodist Chapels.” 

The chapel is small and unpretentious, and according to an 
inscription over the door, was built in 1813 and rebuilt in 1879. 
Inside is a tablet on the wall with the following: — 

“ This tablet is erected in loving remembrance of | the 
children of Levi and Ellen Fry. [ Sarah Maria Jane died May 10, 
1859 aged 8 months. | Hugh Adolphus Fry | died Nov. 6, j86z 
aged 2 years and 2 months. | Edith Bertha | died Febry 18, 1867 
Hugh Adolphus Levi | died August 14, 1867 aged 2 years and 3 
months | Jane Ellen Maud [ died June 26, 1870.” 

In the little graveyard at the side and rear of the Chapel is a 
cluster of stones, 12 in number, recording the burials of the 
following — 

1. Henry Hoare d. 28 July, 1892, aged 65. Mary Ann Hoare 

(wife) d. 24 October, 1899, aged 69. 

2. Sarah Davis d. 15 — , aged 70. 

3. Eliza Poole d. 31 March, 1863, aged 65 ; Sarah Poole d. 18 

June, 1893, aged 76. 

4. John Poole d. 5 September, 1873, aged 71. 

5. Ellen, only daughter of Henry and Kezia Himbury, d. 13 

January, 1857, aged 12. 

6. George Brown d. 15 November, i860, aged 79 ; Mary (wife) 

d. 25 October, 1862, aged 62. 

7. Harriet Fry d. i March, 1882, aged 67 ; James Fry (husband) 

d. 29 November, 1897, aged 78. 

8. Arphad Fry b. 3 May, 1828, d. 27 July, 1887. 

9. George Cherrett, eldest son of Benjamin and Ann Cherrett, 

of Corfe Mullen, d. 24 March, 1846, aged 39. 

10. Mary Gunning d. i October, 1841, aged 71 ; John Gunning 

d. 2 February, 1845, aged 73. 

11. James Bush d. 27 November, 1897, aged 74. 

12. Louisa Cherritt d. 6 May, ,1873, aged 63; Moses Cherritt d. i 


Somerset cS* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

October, 1890, aged 78 ; Mary Ann Cherritt (second wife) 
d. 26 April, 1896, aged 75. 

The following 9 graves had memorial cards (under glass 
cases) placed on them. 

1. Olive Hoare d. 26 December, 1899, aged 34. 

2. Frederick Dew, son of Frederick and Bessie Dew, d. 28 

January, 1897, aged 7 months. 

3. Bessie Blanche Singleton d. 3 December, 1897, 

4. James Dennis d. 10 August, 189 — , aged 61. 

5. Francis Barter d. 13 March, 1901, aged 12. 

6. William James Freeman d. 21 December, 1892, aged 3^; 

Arthur Charles Freeman d. 24 December, 1892, aged i 
year and 4 months. 

7. Frank Dean d. 9 November, 1901, aged 21. 

8. Fred. Dean, accidentally killed at Basingstoke, 24 August, 

1892, aged 34. 

9. Rose Ellen Barter. 

There is a Register of burials, but I understand it is not 
complete, and does not include the early interments. 

There may be other Dissenting Chapels in the county of 
which very little is known, and it would be very interesting to 
have notes in these pages of any tablets or graveyard inscriptions 
which may be in existence. Geo. S. Fry. 

91. The Will of Thomas Blake of Tamworth, proved 
20th Nov., 1657 (477 Ruthen, P.C.C.) was sent us by our cor- 
respondent, the late Mr. Kent. Was the testator in any way 
related to the Blakes of Somerset ? 

January the iith, 1655, I Thomas Blake of Tamworth in the 
county of Warwick, Minister of the Gospel, enjoying a good 
measure of health and in good and perfect memory by the bless- 
ing of God do make and ordain this my last will and testament 
in manner and form following : First I give and bequeath to my 
dear wife Jane Blake the moiety or one half of my meadow called 
by the name of Smith’s Meadow situate and being in Cannock 
and Great Wryly or either of them in the county of Stafford and 
to her heirs for ever, empowering her by this my last will and 
testament to dispose of it in fee simple at pleasure ; only desir- 
ing that in case she or such person to whom she shall dispose of 
it shall think fit to put it to sale that my heirs shall have the 
refusal of it at the price which I paid for it, viz., ;^i8o: the other 
moiety or half of my said meadow together with all that is mine 
in Little Onn in the said county of Stafford I give and bequeath 
to my brother John Blake on whom it ought to descend requiring 
him to let it descend or the greatest part of it to his eldest son 
Thomas Blake, unless he shall deserve otherwise than he has 
hitherto done. 

Item I give to my nephew Mr. William Rocke now Minister 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


of Mathfeild my Junius and Tremelius Bible together with any 
other one book or one man’s works that he shall choose out of 
my study. 

Item I give to my said dear wife all my English divinity 
books which my Overseers after named shall judge meet for her 
use and my friends and hers desiring her when she shall judge 
meet to dispose of them amongst them. 

Item I give all the rest of my books together with all my 
Manuscripts to my nephew Mr. Samuel Beresford now Minister 
of Bremingham Aston. 

Item I give to my nephew Thomas Blake before named one 
silver can on which the letters of my name and his are engraved. 

All the rest of my goods, chattels, moveable or unmoveable 
with debts due to me I give and bequeath to my said dear wife 
expecting and requiring that she shall dispose one full half of 
them or the value of the said full one halfe of them at least 
amongst my friends, that is, my brothers and sisters and their 
children according to her best discretion and their necessities 
and deservings advising her to hasten as soon as she is in power 
the making of her will or else distribution of such one full half or 
value of it that my intentions be not by delays disappointed. 

And my will further is, that she shall have the use of the can 
before bequeathed during her life. 

Item I make and appoint m.y said dear wife Jane Blake sole 
executrix of this my last will and testament. 

Item I appoint John Swinfen of Swinfen, esq., and Thomas 
Fox of Tamworth, gentleman, overseers of this my last wall and 
testament, requesting them with their best advice to be assisting 
to my said dear wife in the disposing of herself and discharge of 
her trust. In witness whereof to this my last will and testament 
written with my own hand I have put to my hand and seale. 

My will further is that the overseers of this my last will shall 
have 20s. apiece to buy them rings. Thomas Blake. 

The 5th day of June in the year of the Lord 1657, Thomas 
Blake Minister of the Gospel did declare his mind and will 
further to be that his brother John Blake should dispose of all 
the land of Little Onn in fee simple upon these terms : that the 
sum of ;^ioo should be paid to his nephew Samuel Beresford 
minister of the Gospel by the said John Blake out of the monies 
owing by him to his said brother Thomas Blake : and this £^00 
was to be for the use of Sarah Blake, to be paid her as a legacy 
from her uncle the said Thomas Blake for payment whereof unto 
the said Sarah Blake his mind was that the said Samuel Beresford 
should give security to his executors. 

And he did declare his mind further to be that Hanna Blake 
have £s a year paid her by the said John Blake during the term 
of her natural life. 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

And further he did declare that his said brother John Blake 
should pay to his nephew Thomas Chamberlaine the sum of £20. 

And his mind further was that Thomas Blake nephew to the 
said Thomas Blake, minister, as aforesaid should have that 
moiety of the meadow which sometime was given to Jane Blake 
the relict of the said Thomas Blake. 

And that Gerald Wagstalfe should have his lease which was 
in Shrewsbury in lieu of it. 

Lastly his mind and will was : that in case his brother John 
Blake should not make good the terms proposed as aforesaid 
Thomas Blake eldest son to the said John Blake should be pos- 
sessed of all the lands which did belong to the said Thomas 
Blake in Little Onn ; and that John Blake minor son to the said 
John should have no benefit by his uncle’s will nor share in his 
uncle’s estate. 

In the presence of Samuel Beresford, Penelope Beresford. 

92. Great Barford Church, co. Bedford.— On the 
North wall of the chancel, within the Sanctuary, is a monument 
to Thomas Ancell, with the following inscription : — 

“ Here lyeth the body of Thomas Ancell, son and heir to 
Edward Ancell of West Mounton'" in the county of Somerset 
gent. ; who had to wife Elizabeth Whetley daughter and co-heir 
of Robert Whetley of Gt. Joneby in the county of Cumberland 
gent., by whom he had issue sonnes : Whetley, Oliver, Thomas, 
and Nicholas, and left Thomas livinge and daughters Agnes, Rose, 
Mary, Temperance, Elizabeth, Elizabeth and Anne, whereof he 
bestowed six in marriage and left five of them living and being 
of the age of yi years deceased in the faythe of Christ the 27th 
day of April Anno Dni. 1591.” D.K.T. 

93. Rycheman or Rickman Family. (X. 21). — In the 
Tynte MS. book compiled by the late Rev. Fredk. Brown (for- 
merly Vicar of Nailsea). and, together with his MS. books 
relating to other Somerset families, now in the Taunton Museum 
library, it is recorded that Richard Sheppard, alias Richman, or 
Richmond, married Aug. 3rd, 1571, Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Panter, of Keynsham Abbey, and relict of Edmund Tynte, of 
Wraxall (who died 1570), and by him had issue, 

I. Thomas Sheppard, born 1575 ; married Mary Madd. 

II. John Sheppard, buried 1579. 

I. Dorothy Sheppard, born 1573; married to William Harbord, 
of Welton, Somerset, and had issue. Their eldest son. Sir 
Charles Harbord, Kt. (baptized at Wraxall, Somerset, July 2nd, 
1596), was Surveyor General to Charles I. and Charles IL, and 
died in 1679, aged 83. He was ancestor ofLord Suffield. D.K.T. 

*West Monkton. 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


94. Hussey of Shapwick, Dorset. — In the Diary of 
Richard Symonds during the Great Civil War (Vol. 74 of the 
Camden Society’s Publications, 1859,) is the following ; — 

“ In the church of Burcester (Bicester) Com. Oxon against 
“ the South Wall is an old altar tombe of stone, and in the wall 
“ is (a) brass inlayed with three shields, mantle, helmes and 
“ creasts. 

“Quarterly, 1 and 4, a fess indented between three mulletts 
“ pierced (Moore) ; 2 and 3, a fess between three annulets, 
“ impaling Barry of six ermine and gules, a crescent for difference 
“ or (Husye or Husey), Blank, impaling the two coats quarterly 
“as before. Blank, 20 of Sept., 1551. Here was buried Roger 
“ Moore, Esq., a second son of Pdoore, de la Moore, Com. Oxon 
“and Agnes his wife daughter and heire of John Husye of 
“Shapwick, Com. Dorset.” &c., &c.” 

In the History and Antiquities of Bicester, by John Dunkin, 
1816, this inscription is mentioned in somewhat greater detail as 
being entered in 1660 in a Volume marked No. 4170 in the 
Harleian Library. Geo. S. Fry. 


95. The Three Dorset Captains at Trafalgar, 
Thomas Masterman Hardy, Charles Bullen, Henry Digby. 
By A. M. Broadley, author of ‘ Tunis Past and Present,’ ‘ How 
we Defended Arabi,’ etc., and R. G. Bartelot. M. A., author of ‘A 
History of Crewkerne School.’ London: Murray, Albemarle St., 
1906. 8vo. Pp. xxiv, 318. Price 15s. net. 

This is a book which will appeal, not only to lovers of Dor- 
set, but also to all who are stirred by the name of the hero of 
Trafalgar, and cherish the memory of those who were associated 
with him in his crowning victory. The Nelson Centenary partly 
accounts for its production, but the appearance of the work is 
mainly due to the Nelson and Trafalgar Exhibition, held at Dor- 
chester in July, 1905, and to the timely discovery of a quantity of 
letters written by Hardy, Captain of the Victory, the devoted 
friend of Nelson, and immortalized by the ‘ Kiss me. Hardy’, of 
the dying admiral. These letters have been skilfully utilized by 
Mr. Broadley and Mr. Bartelot, the authors of this book, and 
bring before the reader the life of Hardy, between 1798 and 1839, 
with a fullness which would have been impossible of attainment 
without their aid. The result is an eminently readable book ; 
and though many of the letters, taken one by one, are not those 
of a practised correspondent, yet, when read consecutively they 
present us with a clear view of the simple, sterling character of 
the writer. Hardy, who was born 5th April, 1769, at Kingston 
Russell House, ended his career as Governor of Greenwich Hos- 
pital at his death on 20th September, 1839. 

Hardy’s biography occupies 224 pages of this work. It is 
followed by those of Charles- Bullen, Captain of the Britannia, 


Somerset S* Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

and Henry Digby, Captain of the Africa, at Trafalgar. These are 
briefly told, the wealth of letters, so invaluable for the life of 
Hardy, being in their case absent. This is a reminder, to all con- 
cerned, of the necessity of preserving the letters of their relatives 
and friends, which, though considered trivial at the time, are es- 
sential to the filling out of personal history. 

Dorset may well be proud of its share in Trafalgar, and 
many thanks are due to the authors of this book for their able 
presentation of the subject they had undertaken. The work is 
amply illustrated, some 28 views, portraits, &c., being incorpo- 
rated in it, besides a reproduction of Hardy’s letter of Oct. 27th, 
1805, written after the “glorious victory,” Several valuable ap- 
pendices are added, and an index. A 

96. The Boyhood of a Great King, 1841-1858, an 
account of the early years of the Life of His MajestyEdwardVH, 
illustrated by reproductions of a unique series of contemporary 
royal autographs, potraits and drawings. By A. M. Broadley, 
&c., &c. Harper and Brothers, London and New York, mcmvi. 
8vo. Pp. X, 400. Price los. 6d. net. 

On taking up The Boyhood of a Great King, the reader finds 
himself under this embarassment, whether to admire most ihe 
com.plete knowledge of detail with which the author has handled 
his subject, or the spell of interest which he has succeeded in 
throwing over it. This is a book, written in so fascinating a style, 
that when once taken up, it compels perusal to the concluding 
page. The author is conversant with the doings of the literary 
and artistic notabilities of King Edward’s boyhood, as the many 
allusions make evident, and for his descriptions and anecdotes 
has drawn largely on contemporary writings, including the many 
references in Punch and the Illustrated London News, besides the 
standard works which have already issued from che press on the 
lives of the late Queen, the Prince Consort, and the present 
King himself. 

Many illustrations have been introduced, including a coloured 
frontispiece, all of which one is glad to have brought together in 
a readily accessible form. The portrait of Mrs. Lilly, the nurse 
who attended the Queen as each interesting event occurred, is 
admirable. Some of these early Victorian prints raise a smile 
from the extraordinary affectation which they exhibit, notably in 
the Morning Service at Oshorne, about 1854. 

The King, in his youth, seems only once to have visited 
Dorset. This was in the autumn of 1856, when he passed through 
the county incognito, on a walking tour with l\Ir. F. Gibbs and 
Col. Cavendish, seeing Wimborne, Swanage (where Mr. Roe, 
landlord of the Royal Victoria, was “ too busy to attend to boys,”) 
Wareham, Dorchester and Bridport. 

For further particulars we must commend our readers to the 
Book itself, which is furnished with an ample index. A 

Somevset S> Dorset Notes Queries. 


97. Inquisttiones Post Mortem for Dorset. (VIII. 
pp. 185, 233, 281, 329, IX. pp. 49, 96, 145, 193, 241, 289, 337, X. 
pp. 41, 66).— 

No. III. ffiargaret Bettestorn, 

Inquisition taken at Schaftebury before Thomas Cary^ the 
King’s escheator in co. Dorset on Thursday next after the feast 
of the Apostles Simon and Jude, 23 Edw. 3 [1349], by the oath 
of Richard Kynemere, John Payn, Thomas Helyere^ Stephen Golle, 

John H he, Henry Hardyng, John Aylron, John Charnechou, John 

Hardyng, Robert Mazon, John Trend and Robert Lyndenysshe, who 
say that Margaret Bettestorn held in her demesne as of fee on the 
day that she died 16 solidates of yearly rent in the town of 
Shafton, together with the profits forthcoming from the moiety 
of the toll of the market of the said town of the heirs of John de 
Burgo being within age and in the wardship of the King, paying 
to the said heirs id. per ann. at the feast of Easter for all secular 
service and demands. The said moiety of the profits of the toll 
is worth per ann. clear, 20s. of silver. 

The said Margaret died in the vigil of St. Margaret last 
past ; John son of the said Margaret is her next heir and is aged 
20 years and more. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 23 Edw. 3. p. 2. n. 7. 

No. 112.— 7obn de Bettestborne* 

Inquisition taken at Stoure Prowos in co. Dorset 9 January, 
22 Ric. 2 [1399] before Thomas Bathe, escheator by the oath of 
William de la Bere, John Tilfot, Roger King, Thomas Brok, Richard 
Knowston, John Bisshop, John Terry, John Nicolas, Robert Angetill, 
William Portman, William Whyssh atid Nicholas Saundan, who 
say that 

It is not to the damage or prejudice of the King or others if 
the King shall grant to John de Bettesthorne that he may give and 
assign i messuage, 80a. of land, and 5a. of meadow in Gillyngham 
and Milton next Selton to the chaplain of the chantry of St. 
Katherine in the Parish Church of Gillingham ; to hold to him 
and his successors, chaplains of the said chantry, in aid of their 
support, and to sustain certain other charges in the same Church 
of Gillingham according to the ordination of the said for 

The said lands and tenements in the said towns of Gilling- 
ham and Milton next Selton are held of Katherine Belevall, by 
what service the jurors know not, and there are no more means 
between the said Katherine and the King : the said lands and 
tenements are worth per anni, clear 20s. 

138 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

Neither is it to the damage or prejudice of the Kirigor others 
if the King shall grant to John de Bettesthorne that he may give 
and assign loa. of land and 2a. of meadow in Gillyngham in said 
CO. Dorset as well for the increase of the maintenance of a certain 
chantry in the chapel of the Blessed Mary in the Parish Church 
of Mere in co. Wilts founded in honor of the Annunciation of the 
Blessed Mary the Virgin, of old time for i perpetual chaplain, 
whereof the said John is patron, as for the support of 2 other 
chaplains newly ordained by the said John in augmentation of 
the said ancient chantry by royal licence and their successors to 
celebrate divine service in the said chapel for the healthful estate 
of the said John while he lives and for his soul when he shall 
have passed away, and for all his parent, ancestors and benefactors 
and for the souls of all the faithful deceased for ever. To hold 
to the said 3 chaplains and their successors celebrating divine 
service every day in the said chapel. 

The said land and meadow are held of Katherine Belevall by 
what service is not known, and are worth per ann., clear, 6s. 8d. 

The lands and tenements remaining to the said John suffice 
to do the customs and services as well for the said lands and 
tenements in the said towns of Gillyngham and Milton so given 
as for the other lands and tenements retained for himself and for 
all other charges which he sustained and was wont to sustain as 
in suits, views of frank pledge, aids, tallages, vigils, fines, redemp- 
tions, amercements and contributions. And the said John may 
be put on assizes, juries and other recognisances as he used to 
be put before the said gift. And the country by the said gift for 
default of the said John ought not to be charged or aggrieved. 

Inq. ad. quod. dam. 22 Rich. II. 99. 

No. 1 13. John Bettestborn, 

Inquisition taken at Shaftesbury i March, 22 Ric. II. [1399] 
before Thomas Bathe, escheator in co. Dorset, by the oath of John 
Wyke, Ralph Thornhull, Robert Archer, Richard Payn, John Tylfot, 
Thomas Brokke, Roger Kyng, Thomas Seward, John Bisshop, John 
Terry, Walter Botilere, and John Nicholas, who say that John 
Bettesthorn died seised in his demesne as of fee of 16 solidates of 
yearly rent in Shaftesbury and of the moiety of the yearly profit 
forthcoming from the pleas and perquisites of the court of the 
same town, and of the moiety of the profit forthcoming from the 
toll of the market and of the market in the same town, together 
with all issues, escheats and other profits whatsoever : which said 
rent and profits are worth per ann., clear, £y, and are held of the 
king in chief, by what service the jurors know not. 

The said John also held 2 parts of 6 messuages, 60 a. of land, 
6 a. of meadow and 2 a. of wood in Petrisham, which are worth 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 139 

per ann., clear, 21s., and are held of the Earl of March being 
within age and in the wardship of the King, by what service the 
jurors know not. He also held 12 a. of land in Boukernes Wes- 
ton which are held of Katherine Belval by what service is not 
known, and are worth per ann., clear, 6s. 8d. 

The said John was likewise seised in his demesne as of fee 
on the day that he died of a certain dry yearly rent issuing out of 
the manor of Magna Kyngton in the said county : to take to him 
and his heirs for ever at the 4 principal terms of the year by equal 
portions and it is not held of any one. 

He also held in like manner i messuage and 3J virgates of 
land in Gillingham of Katherine Belval by socage and they are 
worth per ann., clear 6 marks. 

Also the advowson of the chantrey of the chapel of St. 
Katherine in the parish church of Gillingham, which said advow- 
son is of no value, but the chantrey is worth yearly 4 marks. 

Also of 10 a. of land and 3 a. of meadow in Milton next 
Gillingham of William Brykore, by v;hat service the jurors know 
not: they are worth per ann., clear, 13s. 4d. 

The said John Bettesthorn also held the manor of Hemeles- 
worth as of the right and inheritance of Gouda his wife, who still 
survives : which said manor is worth per ann., clear, loos., and is 
held of the Earl of Mar ch^ by what service is not known. 

The said John died 6th day of February last past ; Elizabeth 
wife of John de Berkele, chivaler, is the daughter and sole heir of 
the said John Bettesthorn^ and is aged 30 years and more. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 22 Ric. 2, n. 6. 

No. 1 14. Byndon Hbbey. 

Inquisition made at Dorchester on Monday next before the 
feast of the Exaltation of Holy Cross 16 Edw. I. in full county by 
the oath of Robert de Marescal, Nicholas le Blahemor^ Robert le 
Marescal^ junior ^ Geoffrey Werethoc, Edward Nagard, William de 
Ryper, Adam le Reve, Thomas Cribbe, William de Wytefeud^ Robert 
Cribbe, Reginald Gynpe and Robert de Launcher, who say that 

It would be to the damage and hurt of the lord the king if 
William Aliz of Dorchester should give and assign 2 messuages 
in the town of Dorchester in the street which is called Durneyete, 
in pure and perpetual alms to the Abbot and Convent of Bynedon 
and their successors for ever, because the said messuages contain 
9 burgages, each of which pays per annum to the King 3d. and 
does suit at the Kings’ hundred in the said town and does tallage 
when the assize shall be commonly held in the same town and the 
tenants ought to be on assizes and juries like the other burgesses 
of the same town ; they are held in chief of the King and are 
worth per ann., clear, 20s. 

140 Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries. 

One burgage pays i lb. of wax yearly for the Mass of the 
Blessed Mary in the Hospital of St. John in Dorchester and 
I burgage 2 lbs. of wax for the same, and 2 burgages 6s. yearly 
for the same. Chan. Inq. 9. d. File ii n. 17. 

No. 1 15. Hbbot of Byndon. 

Inquisition made before the sheriff of Dorset on Saturday 
next after the feast of St. Leonard the Pope, 19 Edw. I [1291] by 
John de Millehorne^ JoJi 7 i de Siohe, Geoffrey de Wermwell, Walter de 
Beynill, William Dyl, William Elys^ Robert Gyllame, Johi de 
Durneforde, John Champyo 7 i, John de Schouyll, Willmn le Nywe^nan 
and Walter Kene^ who say that 

If the lord the King should grant to William de Gouiz that 
he may give and assign id. of land in Chaluedon Boys together 
with the advowson of the Church of the same town, and the 
homage of Henry de Chaluedon Boys and his heirs and the homage 
and service of all the free tenants of the said William in Chalue- 
don Boys to the Abbot and Convent of Byndon to hold to them 
and their successors for ever, it would be to the damage and 
prejudice of the King and of the said William and his heirs and 
no others, because if the said Willmn should die and his heirs 
should be in the wardship of the King, the King would lose the 
presentation of the said Church if it should be vacant. The 
advowson of the Church with the said acre is worth per ann. los.. 
and the said Church is worth 10 marks per ann. The said 
Henry de Chaluedon lately deceased held all his land in Chaluedon 
Boys of the said Willmn de Gouiz by the service of half a knights 
fee, and the said land is worth, viz., i carucate of land with the 
homages and services loos., clear, per ann. The said William 
has no other tenants in the said town except the heirs of the said 
He 7 iry. The said Heiiry and his heirs have not and had not any 
free tenants in the said town or elsewhere whereof the King in 
any case may lose the custody or marriage. 

The said William holds the said acre of land and the advow- 
son of the said Church of the King in chief, whereof the King 
will lose the wardship of the heirs of the said He^iry as in wards, 
marriages and reliefs when they shall happen. 

The lands and tenements of the said William remaining 
beyond the said gift and assignment suffice for the customs and 
services duly to be done as well for the said land and advowson, 
homage and services given as retained, and for all other charges 
which he sustained or was wont to sustain as in suits, views of 
frank-pledge, aids, tallages, vigils, fines, redemptions, &c., &c., 
and he may be put on assizes, juries and other recognisances 
whatsoever, as was wont to be done before the said gift, because 
the heirs of the said Heiiry remain seised of the land of the said 
Henry and are charged with all the said charges. So that the 

Somerset Dorset Notes Qtieries. 141 

country by the said gift shall not be charged with a larger 
payment. Chan. Inq. a.q.d. File 15. n. 23. 

No. 1 16. Hbbot of Byndon. 

Inquisition taken at Dorchester on Tuesday in the vigil of 
the Blessed Nicholas, 19 Edw. i [1291] by John de Muleborne, 
Geoffrey de Wermewelle, Henry le Frere, Robert Grubbe, William 
Elys, Walter Par amor, Walter Tynham, John Warfoghel, Thomas 
Peytevyn, Elias de D ever el, Henry de Aune and Michael Mone. 

[This inquisition is a duplicate of the previous one, but some 
of the jurors are different.] Chanc. Inq. a.q.d. File 15. No. 23(2). 

No. 117. Hbbot of Byndon. 

Inquisition taken before the King’s escheator at Dorchester 
8 January, 6 Edw. 3 [ 1333 ], by the oath of Richard Payn, Hugh 
Dawe, Alexander de Watercombe, John de Warmewell, Robert Brice, 
William Thomelyn, William Jurdan, John Warenoul, Robert Basset, 
Robert Belet, Nicholas Band and John le Smyth, who say that 
Walter Elys son and heir of William Elys of Estborton and 
Isabella his wife for a certain corrody granted to them by the 
Abbot and convent of Bynedone by their deed, demised to the 
said Abbot and convent all their messuages, lands, tenements 
and rents and whatsoever they had in Estborton and Westbur- 
ton to hold for the term of 20 years then next following and 
fully to be completed. 

And afterwards the said Walter and Isabella by another deed 
granted and confirmed for their whole lives to the said Abbot 
and convent all the said messuages, &c. also all their lordship of 
East and Westborton and whatsoever they had or ought to have 
in the said vills with escheats, heriots, reliefs, wards, marriages, 
fines, amercements, reversions of lands and all other rights, 
liberties and customs whatsoever to the said premises belonging: 
To hold to the said Abbot and convent and their successors for 
the whole lives of the said Walter and Isabella or of the survivor of 
them, paying therefore yearly to the said Walter and Isabella 10 
conventual loaves by the week, 14 deliveries of loaves for the 
carpenters, 6 loaves for the household servants, 10 gallons of 
conventual ale, 3 gallons of servants’ ale, i bushel of flour per 
ann., i bushel of salt, i bg. of beans, i bg. of peas, 100 herrings 
in Lent, i cartload of straw and i mark of silver. 

The said Abbot and convent had no other estate in the said 
premises except according to the tenor of the said gift and con- 
firmation. Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. 3, 2nd. nrs. 104. 

No. 1 18. Byndon Hbbey. 

Inquisition taken at Dorchester in co. Dorset before John de 
Palton the King’s escheator, la March, 29 Edw. 3 [ 1355 ], by the 


Somerset S‘ Dorset Notes Queries. 

oath of John Muster, Walter Shole, Robert Belet, Robert Byngham 
of Melcombe, Walter Bakebere, John Waudyngton, William Payn, 
John Santee, William Whete, William Mileward, William Holewale 
and William Jaime (?) who say that 

It is not to the damage or prejudice of the King or others if 
the King should grant to the Abbot of Byndon that he may give 
and grant the manors of Brounegate and Lulleworth to Adam atte 
Moure and William atte Moure : to hold to them for their whole 
lives of the chief lords of that fee by the services thereof due and 

The said manor of Brounegate is held of the King in chief 
in pure and perpetual alms, and is worth per ann., clear, 40s. 
The manor of Lulleworth is held of William de Monte Acuto, Earl 
of Sarum, by fee farm by the service of paying to him £10 per 
ann., and the said Earl holds it of the King in chief as parcel of 
his barony of Montacute : there are no more means between 
the King and the said Abbot of the said manor of Lulleworth : 
the said manor is worth per ann., clear, according to the true 
value thereof, the said farm being deducted, los. 

There remains to the said Abbot beyond the said manors 
the manors of Bynedone, Wolle, Chaluedon, Bexyngton, Hethfel- 
ton, Wynfred, Burton and Palyngton in the said county, which 
are worth per ann., clear 1 00 marks. Chan. Inq. p.m. File 3 1 8. n. 1 1 . 

No. 1 19. Bytidon Hbbcy. 

Writ dated at Westminster 8 May, 15 Richard II. [1392] 
Richardby the grace of God, &c., to the escheator in co. Dorset, &c. 

We command you diligently to enquire if it be to the damage 
of us or others if we should grant to John Dygon and Gilbert 
Martyn that they may give and assign 10 messuages, 5 virgates of 
land, 20 a. of meadow, 200 a. of pasture, i7d. rent and the rent of 
^ lb. of commin in Estborton to the Abbot and convent of 
Bynedon : to hold to them and their successors in aid of their 
maintenance for ever, or not, &c., &c. 

Inquisition taken at Woullein co. Dorset 10 June, 15 Richard 
2 [1392] before John Moigne the King’s escheator, by the oath of 
Henry Sherard, John Russel of Tynham, Alexander Muller, John 
Hamond, John Estohe, Thomas Jerard, Laurence Quynten, William 
Hamund of Watercumbe, William Shaldecote, William Wyot, 
William Pacche and Matthew Raulyn, wLo say that 

It is not to the damage or prejudice of the King or others if 
the King shall grant to John Dygon and Gilbert Martyn named in 
the said writ as the same v/rit requires ; neither is it to the damage 
of the King or others if the said John and Gilbert shall make and 
complete the gift and assignment whereof the said writ makes 
mention, neither is it to the damage of any if the Abbot and con- 
vent of Bynedon in the said county shall take to them and their 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes & Queries. 143 

successors in aid of their maintenance for ever the gift and 
assignment of 10 messuages, 5 virgates of land, 20 a. of meadow, 
200 a. of pasture, lyd. rent and the rent of \ lb. of cummin in 
Estborton specified in the writ, according to the form of the said 

The said premises are held of John Nehiirgh, as of his manor 
of Wynfred Neburgh by the service of 1 pair of gilt spurs or 6d, 
yearly, and are worth per ann. clear, 40s. 

The said John Neburgh is the mean between the King and 
the said John and Gilbert of the said premises and there are no 
other means. 

The said John Dygon hold besides the said messuage, lands, 
meadows and pasture i messuage in Westborton for the term of 
his life which is held of John Neburgh as of his manor of Wynfred 
Neburgh by the service of i glove yearly, and it is worth per ann., 
clear, 13s. 4d. The said John Dygon also holds i tenement in 
Warham in fee of Earl March by the service of 3d. per ann., and 
it is worth per ann., clear, 40s., which said messuage and tene- 
ment suffice for all the charges thereof to be sustained and also 
of the said premises specified in the said writ, and by virtue 
thereof the said John Dygon may be put on assizes, juries and 
other recognisances whatsoever as he was wont to be put before 
the said gift so that the country by the said gift and assignment 
by the default of the said John shall not be charged with a larger 

The said Gilbert Martin has no lands or tenements in the 
said county besides the said premises in Estborton. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. File 412 n. 20. 

No. 120. Robert de Byngbam* 

Writ dated at Chylton 22 July, 27 Edw. I. [1299] Edward by 
the grace of God, &c. 

Whereas Robert de Byngham formerly held of Roger Basset i 
messuage and 2 carucates of land in Nethre Melecumbe by 
knights service whereby the custody of the said messuage and 
land by reason of the minority of Richard son and heir of the said 
Robert belonged to the said Roger who was thereof seised, and the 
said custody as a chattel of the said Roger forfeited to us together 
with other his goods and chattels by reason of the flight which he 
made for the death of Roger Dod, for the which he was indicted 
before John de Metingham and his fellows our justices late in eyre 
in. CO. Dorset was taken into our hand : which said custody, the 
said Richard now being of full age, is still in our hands, to the no 
small cost and damage of the said Richard, as by his plaint we 
understand : we wishing to be certified upon the record and pro- 
cess of the inquisition made before the said justices in eyre con- 
cerning the said death, command you that having examined the 
rolls of the said John of the said eyre which are in our Treasury 

144 Somerset Dorset Notes S» Queries. 

under your keeping you send us the said record and process 
without delay. 

Pleas of juries and assizes and of the Crown before J. de 
Metingham and his fellow justices in eyre in co. Dorset in the 
Octaves of Holy Trinity, i6 Edw. I. [1288]. 

The hundred of Wytewye. 

miliavi le Messer of Upmelecombe and Walter le Berrehred 
groom (garcio) of Roger Basset of the same, waylaid Roger Bodde 
in the town of Upmelecombe and wounded him so that he died 
of such wounds 15 days after; and the said William and Walter 
immediately after the death went to the house of Roger Basset in 
Upmelecombe and remained there. And John de Parys the King’s 
bailiff immediately after the inquisition thereof made before the 
coroner, called to him the tithing men of the town of Upmele- 
combe and many others of that tithing and went to the manor of 
the said Roger Basset and there found the said Roger and Hugh 
But, reeve of the said Roger, Philip Boh and Roger Cos, together 
with the said William le Messer and Walter le Berrehred ; and the 
said bailiff together with the said tithingmen wished to take the 
said William and Walter] and the said Roger Basset and others 
closed the gates and would not permit them to enter, but stood 
on the defence with force and arms and made a castle of 
the said manor, and held themselves therein as enemies of 
the King, not permitting &c., and continuously for a year after 
that felony the said William and Walter stood with the said 
Roger Basset. Therefore the sheriff is commanded to take them 
&c. if &c. And the sheriff witnesses that the said William, 
Walter and Roger Basset and Philip are not found, but now they 
have withdrawn themselves and are suspected. Therefore let 
them be put in exigence and outlawed. The chattels of the said 
Roger in this county £iz 4s. 8d., except the wardship which he 
had in Nethermelecombe of the inheritance of Richard son and 
heir of Robert son of Robert de Byngham, aged 10 years, which is 
worth per ann, ;^io, and which is committed to the sheriff to 
keep until &c. The chattels of the said Roger in co. Somerset 
£-^2 I2S. 2d. for the which the sheriff answers &c. And 
because Robert Martin came afterwards and made a fine to have 
the chattels of the said Roger, except the said wardship for ;^5o, 
by the pledge of Robertson of Pagan, Ralph de Gorges, Hugh Poinz, 
and Geoff ery de Wermevill, &c., let the sheriff be exonerated and 
the said Robert answer, &c. The said Roger had no land in fee, 
therefore there is nothing of year and waste, &c. Chattels of the 
said Walter Berebred none. Chattels of William Messer i mark, 
for the which the sheriff answers. And Philip had no chattels, 
neither was he in the tithing because he is a vagabond, &c. 
Afterwards came Hugh But and Roger Cos on the departure of the 
justices and gave themselves up to prison, therefore &c., until &c. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 27 Edw. i n. 157. 

Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries, 


98. Low Side-Windows. — Owing to the courtesy of the 
Committeeof the SomersetshireArchaeological and Natural History 
Society we are able to give to our readers an illustration of the 
Low Side-windows at Othery, Somerset. Of these Lychnoscopes, 
as they are called, there is a good description in Mr. Thiselton 
Dyer’s Church-Lore Gleanings, pp. 209-218, where the various 
theories as to their use are well discussed. 

The old fashioned theory of the Leper- window must be given 
up. Lepers had their separate hospitals, with their own chapels, 
and would not have been allowed to come to the church-yard for 
the purpose of receiving the sacrament through a window. 

The theory which is now accepted by most antiquaries is, 
that the object of the Low Side-window was for the sacristan 
standing inside, to ring the bell at mass at the open window, so 
that it might be heard by the people outside : this would be pre- 
vious to the introduction of Sanctus bell cots. 


99. Dyer Family. By E. H. Martin (Swinnerton Dyer) 
concluded. (X. 97). — 

Sir William Dyer, Kt., eldest surviving son of Sir Richard 
Dyer, Kt., inherited the estates of his father. He was baptized 
at Great Staughton, 23 June, 1583. He married 25 February, 
1602, Katherine, daughter and co-heiress of John Doyley, of 
Pderton, co. Oxon., by Anne Bernard, his wife. He died at the 
early age of 36, at Great Staughton, 29 April, 1621, and is buried 
there. His wife erected a magnificent monument to him and 
herself in the Chancel of the Church of Colmworth, co. Beds. 
From their effigies they appear to have been a very handsome 
couple. Sir William Dyer was created a knight ii May, 1603. 

Inquisition Post Mortem (Record Office). Taken at Colm- 
worth. Sir William Dyer, Knight, 1621. (One of the Jurors was 
William Geary). He was seized in demesne as of fee of the 
Manor of Colmworth and the Rectory of Dunstable, the Manors 
of Great Paxton, Hailweston, Southoe Lovetot, Southoe Ferrars, 
and of Little Paxton (Eynesbury), and a house at Great Staugh- 
ton, closes and meadows in Hailweston, Great Staughton, Kym- 
bolton, Little Paxton, co. Hunts. By indenture dated 23 
February, 6 James L, between Sir William Dyer, Kt., and Lady 
Katherine, his wife, of the one part, and SirWilliam Fitzwilliam, 
Kt., of Milton, co. Northampton, Sir Edward Carre, of Aswarty, 
Lincoln, Kt., and William Fitzwilliam, son and heir apparent of 
Sir William Fitzwilliam, of the other part. Sir William Dyer and 
his wife submitted to a fine making over property to the use of 
his wife for life and then to his male heirs ; failing Lodovic 
Dyer, his heir, to Richard Dyer, his 2nd son. [This deed is 
much injured here]. Before this inquisition SirWilliam Dyer 
made his will. By desire of his- wife he settled part of his estates 

VoL. X. Part lxxvi. December, 1906. 


146 Somerset Dorset Notes <s^ Queries. 

on Lodovic, his son and heir. At one period in the Indenture 
he had but one younger son, Richard, on whom provision w^as 
made from [injured] . . My personal estate will not amount to 
more than will pay my debts. Being bound by love to my two 
younger sons, Doyley and James, I give them two farms at Colm- 
worth, now in occupation of Thomas Prescott, Gent., and 
Edward Egarly, Gent. To each younger son £^o per annum till 
21 ; then £50 per annum till the lease expires. I have now three 
daughters. I had only one when the provision of £2000 was 
made. Now there shall be 000 for each daughter. Legacies 
to servants. He was seized of the manors mentioned when he 
died 29 April last past. Lady Katherine Dyer survives him, and 
is at Colm worth. The Manor of Colmworth is worth £20 per 
annum. The Rectory of Dunstable, held of the King as of his 
Manor of East Greenwich, is worth 2osh. per annum. The 
Manor of Great Paxton and Little Paxton, held of the King, is 
worth ;^io per annum. The Manor of Eynesbury £20 per 
annum. The manor of Beechampstead, held of the King as of 
[injured here] .. of Huntingdon by Knight service is worth £10 
per annum. The manors of Southoe Lovetot, Southoe Ferrars 
and Hailweston £g per annum. The capital messuage at Great 
Staughton with pastures, etc., £10 per annum. 

It is evident from the foregoing Inquisition that Sir William 
Dyer made a will, but it has not yet been found. 

His wife was buried at Colmworth, co. Beds., 13 July, 1654. 
There is a small brass in the vestry to her memory. Her will is 
dated 8 October, 1653, and was proved 20 November, 1655 (460 
Aylott). They had issue 

I. Sir Lodovick Dyer, Baronet; 2. Richard Dyer; 
3. Doyley Dyer ; 4. James Dyer ; 5. Anne Dyer ; 6. Cathe- 
rine Dyer ; 7. Mary Dy^er. The figures of these children 
are on the tomb at Colmworth. 

Sir Lodovick Dy^er, Baronet, of Great Staughton and 
Colmworth, eldest son of Sir William Dyer, Kt., was baptized at 
Great Staughton 27 March, 1606 (born 10 IMarch). He was 
created a Baronet 8 June, 1627. He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Sir Henry Yelverton, Bart., Justice of Common Pleas, who in 
his will, dated 1623, proved 1636, leaves his daughter ;^iooo. 
She is not mentioned in- her husband’s will. Sir Lodovick was 
Captain in Prince Rupert’s Cavalry. He sold the estate of Great 
Staughton in 1653, estate of Colmworth to IMr Richard 

Hillersden in 1667-8. His nuncupative will, evidently made in 
his bedroom, is dated 26 October, 1669, and proved 4 February, 
1669-70 ( 1 8 Penn). He leaves “ to his nephew, Richard Dyer, 
;^iooo;” “To his niece, Anne Dyer, ;^iooo.” “To his 
nephew, Doyley Dyer, ;^5oo.” “ To his nephew, William Dyer, 

eldest brother of Richard and Doyley Dyer, all his lands and 

Somerset 6* Dorset Notes Queries. 147 

personal estate,” and makes him executor. He also mentions 
his “ brother, Doyley Dyer ; ” his “ sister, Anne Gery ; ” “ his 
sister Coke ; ” Sir John Bernard ; ” and his “Cousin Wheatley 
to whom he leaves a ring each. He had one child, Henry, bap- 
tized at Great Staughton 15 June, 1636, who died and was buried 
at Colmworth 22 September, 1637, aged ^ V^ar, ii months and 
3 days, whose monumental figure is on the tomb of his grand- 
parents at Colmworth. Sir Lodovick is mentioned in the will of 
Edward Dent, of Great Staughton, in his will 26 March, 1615, 
and proved 6 April, 1615, who leaves him (Hunts Arch. 
Court), and in the Indenture of his father. 

Richard Dyer, second son of Sir William Dyer, Kt., was 
baptized at Great Staughton 2nd August, 1608. He is men- 
tioned in his father’s Indenture and he and his wife are men- 
tioned in his mother’s will, as living in 1653 at Colmworth. 
Edward Dent, of Great Staughton, in his will, 1615, leaves him 
;^io. He married Elizabeth (name not known) who was buried 
at Colmworth 18 September, 1685. He was buried at Colm- 
worth 22 February, 1667-8, having had issue i. William 
Dyer; 2. Richard Dyer; 3. Doyley Dyer; 4. Anne Dyer. 

WiLLiAm Dyer, eldest son of Richard and Elizabeth Dyer, 
and heir to his uncle Sir Lodovick Dyer, Baronet, was baptized 
at Colmworth 4 February, 1640. He was Patron of the livings of 
Southoe and Hailweston, co. Hunts, in 1684. He married 
Ursula (name not known) who was buried at Hailweston, co. 
Hunts, 2 July, 1696. Administration granted to her son, Richard 
Dyer. William Dyer was buried at Colmworth 4 February, 1690, 
and had issue, 

Richard Dyer, baptized at Colmworth 14 July, 1674 (born 
14 June). He married Catherine Trift at Stow Longa, Hunts, 14 
November, 1699, and was buried at Eaton Socon, co. Beds, 28 
December, 1708, and is then described “as of St. Neots, co. 
Hunts.” We have not been able to discover if he left any issue. 

Katherine Dyer, baptized at Colmworth 25 July, 1675. 

Ursula Dyer, buried at Hailweston ii December, 1692. 

Richard Dyer, 2nd son of Richard and Elizabeth Dyer, is 
described as of Oakley, co. Beds, and rnarried at Clapham, co. 
Beds, 2 December, 1675, Anne Aspessen, who is mentioned in 
the will of Robert Faldo, of Oakley, dated 1675 and proved 1703. 
He had issue William Dyer, baptized at Clapham 16 Decem- 
ber, 1677. 

Doyley Dyer, third son of Richard and Elizabeth Dyer. 
Nothing whatever is known of him, and only from the registers of 
Christ Church, Newgate, and St. James’s, Clerkenwell, do we 
know the names of any of his children. He married at All 
Hallows, London W^all, ii August, 1674, Catherine Onely, who 
was buried at St.“ James’s, Clerkenwell, 14 January, 1715-16. 
He had issue 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries, 

1. Doyley Dyer, baptized at Christ Church, Newgate, 24 
August, 1675, buried at Clerkenwell 16 May, 1677. 

2. Richard Dyer, baptized at Christ Church, Newgate, 

30 May, 1680. 

3. Doyley Dyer, baptized at Christ Church, Newgate, 9 
July, 1682 ; buried there 22 April, 1683. 

4. Elizabeth Dyer, baptized at Christ Church, Newgate, 
9 April, 1678 ; buried there 13 April, 1743. 

5. Catherine Dyer, baptized at Christ Church, Newgate, 

31 October, 1684; buried there 13 November, 1685. 

6. Catherine Dyer, baptized at Christ Church, Newgate, 
31 July, 1687. 

Anne Dyer, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth Dyer, and 
niece of Sir Lodovick, who left her ;^iooo, may be the Anne 
Dyer who was buried at Christ Church, Newgate, 6 February, 

Doyley Dyer, 3rd son of Sir William Dyer, Kt., was baptized 
at Great Staughton 25 August, 1613. He was living at Hail- 
worth in 1652. He is mentioned in the Indenture of his father, 
who leaves him a farm at Colmworth, and in the will of his 
mother, who states he is settled at Hailworth, and gives him a 
legacy of £^o. He is also named in the will of his brother. Sir 
Lodovick. Edward Dent in his will leaves him £5. Adminis- 
tration dated 5 December, 1684, of Doyley Dyer, of Longford, co. 
Derby, was granted to Edward Coke, nephew from his sister. 
He was buried at Longford 30 October, 1684. He probably 
never married. 

James Dyer, 4th son of Sir William Dyer, Kt., was baptized 
at Great Staughton 28 April, 1617. He was living in 1621, and 
is mentioned in the Indenture of his father who leaves him a farm 
at Colmworth, but he is not mentioned in the wills of his mother 
or his brother. Sir Lodovick, and probably died without issue. 

Anna Dyer, daughter of Sir William Dyer, Kt., was 
baptized at Great Staughton 26 June, 1611. She is mentioned 
in the Indenture of her father, who leaves her ;^i,ooo; in the 
will of her mother, who leaves her ;^i5oo ; in the will of Edward 
Dent, who leaves her £s ; and in the v/ill of her brother. Sir 
Lodovick. She was married at Waltham Abbey, Essex (Harl. 
Soc. XXVI, 269), her marriage licence (Bishop of London) being 
dated 19 February, 1632-3, to William Gery of Bushmeade Priory 
CO. Beds., and Lincolns Inn, who was born 1602-3, and died 1684. 
She was buried at Colmworth 17 October, 1684. 

Katherine Dyer, second daughter of Sir William Dyer, 
Kt., was baptized at Great Staughton 20 July, 1619. She is 
mentioned in the Indenture of her father, who leaves her ;^iooo, 
and in the will of her mother, who leaves her ;^i5oo. She was 
married at Colmworth 2 January, 1641, to Sir Edward Coke, of 
Longford, co. Derby, created a Baronet 30 December, 1641, who 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


was the son of Clement Coke, Esq., by Sarah, his wife, daughter and 
heir of Alexander Reddish, of Reddish, co. Lancaster, and died 
1619. Sir Edward Coke had issue i. Sir Robert Coke, Bart., men- 
tioned as nephew in the burial register of Doyley Dyer, of Long- 
ford. 2. Sir Edward Coke, who was executor to Doyley Dyer’s will. 
He died unmarried 25 August, 1727 ; when the Baronetcy became 
extinct. (John Coke, of Holkham, co. Norfolk, 4th son of Sir 
Edward Coke, Lord Chief Justice, by Bridget, daughter of John 
Paston, Esq., married Merriel, daughter and heir of Anthony 
Wheatley. Sir Lodovick in his will mentions his “ Cousin 

Mary Dyer, 3rd daughter of Sir William Dyer, Kt. She is 
mentioned in the Indenture of her father, 1621, who leaves her 
;^iooo;in the will of her mother, 1653, who leaves her 500 ; 
and in the will of Edward Dent, 1615, who leaves her She 

married Wardour. 


John Dyer, of Roundhill, 2nd son of John Dyer, of 
Wincanton, and Alice Ivye, and brother of Laurence Dyer, is 
mentioned in the will of his father, 1558. “ If John, my son, do 

“ after my decease honestly behave himself towards God and the 
“ world, living in truth and honesty, then I will that [the release] 
“ which he made me of all his right in the farm of Roundhill, 
“ which release under his hand and seal doth remain in the hands 
“and custody of Laurence Dyer, his brother, to my use, be utterly 
“void.” His stepmother in her will, 1594, bequeathes “to my 
“ son, John Dyer of Roundhill and his wife black for a cloak ; ” 
and devises to him the remainder (after the death of “James Dyer. 
“ her nephew, and his heirs) of a burgage in Wincanton which 
she bought of his father, John Dyer.” 

John Dyer married his cousin Margaret, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Dyer, Kt., of Weston and Sharpham Park, Somerset. 
His will is dated 20 March, 1597, and proved 9 November, 1597. 
(102 Cobham). “ I bequeathe my poore silly soule to the Lorde 
“ Jhesus Christe, my Redeemer. My body to be buried in the 
“ Churchyard of Wincanton in the same place where my own 
“ mother was buried.” Here he was interred 9 November, 1597. 
He also mentions “ my wife, Margaret Dyer ; my son (in-law) 
“ Baynton and his wife; his only son Francis; his daughters 
“Elizabeth, Joan, and Ann Baynton ; Sir Edward Dyer, Kt., my 
“ dear brother-in-law ; my good friend. Sir Richard Dyer, Kt. ; 
“my nephew. Sir John Stawell ; my brother-in-law, George 
“ Rodney, [who married his sister Mary,] my nephew, Alexander 
Dyer, Esq. ; my brother-in-law, Baron Ewens [husband of his 
“ sister, Ankerette Dyer] ; my Kinsman, the Lord Viscount 
“ Howard ; my own brother, Thomas Dyer. To my good Lady 
“ Stawell, my sister, an angel of gold as a token of love, desiring 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


“ her to have a care of her God-daughter, my daughter Elizabeth, 
“To my Lady Viscountess Howard, my ever loving friend, an 
“angel of gold. To the poor of Wincanton 22 sh., which my 
“ brother, George Dyer, oweth me. Residue to my wife ; she to 
“ be executrix. My brother-in-law, Alexander Dyer, and my own 
“brother, Thomas Dyer, gent., overseers. Henry Baynton, 
“ witness.” 

John Dyer had issue, i. Francis Dyer, 2. Anne Dyer, 
3. Elizabeth Dyer, 4. Johane Dyer. 

Ann Dyer, daughter of John Dyer, of Roundhill, was married 
before 1597 to Henry Baynton, of Bromham, Wilts, who was 
born in 1575, and buried at Wincanton 15 February, 1643. She 
is mentioned in the will of her father, 1597, and in the will of her 
brother, Francis Dyer, in 1615, and was living in 1643. 

Elizabeth Dyer, daughter of John Dyer, of Roundhill, was 
married after 1597, to John Ashe, son of John Ashe, of Ticken- 
ham, Somerset, who died in 1580, ist husband of Elizabeth 
Gwynne, who married (as her 3rd husband) Francis Dyer, brother 
of Elizabeth. She is mentioned in her father’s will. 1597, and in 
her brother’s, 1615. She had issue a son, Richard Ashe, born at 
Roundhill, and baptized 20 August, 1600; buried at Tickenham 
7 January, 1617. 

Johane Dyer, daughter of John Dyer, of Roundhill, was 
married before 1597 to her cousin, Stephen’ Dyer, of Bampton, 
Devon, who was son of John Dyer, grandson of Thomas Dyer 
and great grandson of Stephen Dyer, brother to Richard Dyer, of 
Wincanton. She is mentioned in the will of her father in 1597. 
The will of Stephen Dyer was dated i February, 1596, and 
proved 8 July, 1597 (61 Cobham). My wife, Johane. My son 
Edward under 14. My daughters, Ellinor and Margaret, My 
brother-in-law, Walter Andrews. Two daughters of my brother, 
John Dyer, of Yeovil, 2osh. each. John Dyer, my brother’s son, 
losh. Mrs. Ancilla Blewett, ;^’io. John Dyer, gent., my father-in- 

Johane Dyer was married, secondly, to W’alter Sydenham. 
She is mentioned in the will of Francis Dyer, her brother, in 
1615, as having three daughters, Elizabeth Sydenham, Eleanor, 
and Sarah Sydenham. Chancery Proceedings, D 56/30, Car. I. 
10 May, 1650, state that Elizabeth Sydenham was married first, 
to . . . .Mansell, gent., and secondly, to Henry Dyer, of Silverton, 
Bampton, Devon. Walter and Johane Sydenham were witnesses 
to the will of Martyn Sampford of Ninehead Flory, Somerset, 
IS August, 1634. 

At this point it would be well to take the descendants of 
Stephen Dyer, brother of Richard Dyer of Wincanton. He 
married and had issue Thomas Dyer, who married and had issue 
John Dyer. John Dyer had issue two sons 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &• Queries. 151 

Stephen Dyer, who married his cousin Johane Dyer, before 
mentioned, and 

John Dyer, of Yeovil, mentioned in the will of his brother 
Stephen, who also mentions his brother-in-law, Walter Andrews, 
and it is possible that the first wife of John Dyer, of Yeovil, was 
a sister of Walter Andrews. However he left one son. 

I. Stephen Dyer, of Yeovil, who married at Yeovil 9 Decem- 
ber, 1634, Elizabeth Hacker, and left issue i, John Dyer. 

2. Julian Dyer, baptized at Yeovil, 13 July, 1635. 3. Eliza- 
beth Dyer, baptized at Yeovil, 19 November, 1639. 4. Mary 

Dyer, baptized at Yeovil, ii April, 1642. 5. Joan Dyer, bap- 

tized at Yeovil, 5 December, 1643. Stephen Dyer’s will is dated 
26 July, 1656, and proved 16 October, 1657. (394 Ruthin). He 
mentions his wife, Elizabeth, who proved the will, his son, John 
Dyer, and his daughters Julian, Elizabeth, Mary, and Joan. 

John Dyer, of Yeovil, married, secondly, Susan, daughter of 
.... Brandres, of London, who was executrix to her husband’s 
will, and by her he left issue 

II. John Dyer, of Yeovil, mentioned in the following 
Chancery Proceedings. 

HI. Jane Dyer, who was married to Morgan Hayne. 

IV. Anne Dyer. 

Chancery Proceedings, D 24/32, Car I. ii February, 1647. 
Orator, Susan Dyer, of Yeovil, executrix of the will of John Dyer 
deceased late of Yeovil, and Morgan Hayne, of Yeovil, gent., and 
(blank) his now wife, daughter of the said John and Susan Dyer. 

Whereas John Dyer deceased intended to make provision for 
his children and thereby discharging your Orator Susan, his wife 
and executrix, of the burden and care of them, determined to 
raise ;^5o for each of his two daughters (blank) and Anne. John 
Dyer failed to provide this sum, and Stephen his son and heir will 
not pay it. Stephen Dyer had gone to law with his father some- 
time before, and Edward Dyer, of Sharpham Park, Esquire, and 
John Boys, of Oldstocke, Somerset, Esquire, as arbitrators, 
decided that the property of John Dyer the Elder, gent., deceased, 
should be delivered into the hands of Edward Dyer, in trust for 
John Dyer his son, and Stephen Dyer, his right heir. If Stephen 
Dyer survived his father, the property of John Dyer the Grand- 
father was to go to Stephen for life, and he to pay his sister Jane 

Stephen Dyer answers. — That John Dyer, his grandfather, 
left his property to John Dyer, his son, for life, then to Stephen . 
Dyer for life, then to Stephen Dyer’s brother, John Dyer for life. 
And then to the male heirs of Stephen Dyer. — who says that he 
thinks his father John Dyer was instigated to take certain 
proceedings by Susan Dyer, his (Stephen’s) mother-in-law 
(i.e. step-mother). 


Somerset (§- Dorset Notes Queries. 

Francis Dyer, only son of John Dyer, of Roundhill, is 
mentioned in the will of his father, 1597, who leaves him his 

He twice married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Owen Gwynne 
of Bristol. This lady was married, first, to John Ashe, of 
Tickenham, (died 1580), by whom she left issue, two sons, i. 
John Ashe, who married Elizabeth, sister of Francis Dyer, and 
their son, Richard Ashe, was born at Roundhill, and baptized at 
Wincanton 30 August, 1600, and buried at Tickenham 7 January, 
1617; 2. Owen Ashe. She was married, secondly, to Anthony 
Halse, who was buried at Tickenham 25 January, 1596-7 ; leaving 
issue, John, Marie, Elizabeth, Florence, Johane. She was 
married, thirdly, to Francis Dyer, of Sharpham Park. The 
registers at Tickenham state “ 1603 Tuesday 26 November 
“ Mystress Elizabeth Dyer, wife of Francis Dyer Esq., dyed, and 
“ was buried 17 December.” 

Francis Dyer, married, secondly, Gertrude daughter of James 
Percevall of Weston-in-Gordano, by his fifth wife, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Maurice Berkeley, of Bruton. Francis Dyer left 
no issue. On his death his widow married Barnabas Leigh, of 
North Court, Shorwell, Isle of Wight, whose will is dated 28 
March, 1640, and proved 23 May, 164.2. (69 Campbell). The 

latter had previously married Elizabeth Bampfield, and left issue, 
fifteen children; one of these, Johane, was married to William 
Walton, of Shapwick. Gertrude Leigh (Percevall) died 22 
December, 1619. There is a brass in Shorwell Church recording 
the deaths of both wives of Barnabas Leigh. 

The will of Francis Dyer is dated 10 August. 1615, and 
proved 7 October, 1616, by his wife Gertrude (94 Rudd). He 
mentions Sir Maurice and Sir Henry Berkeley, James Percivall 
and Thomas Brooke, Gents. His INIanor of Sharpham Park and 
Roundhill, Barrow and lands in Charlton IMusgrove and Bruton 
to his nephew Edward Dyer of Rill. (Chancery Proceedings. D 
56/30, Car. I. 10 May, 1650). If Edward Dyer, then of Rill, now 
of Perry in the Parish of Dulverton, Esqre., his nephew, shall 
within 3 months after his death give security for ;^5o to each of 
his half-sisters Elizabeth, Elianor and Sarah Sydenham, he to 
have Sharpham Park. The sums were paid to Elianor and Sarah 
Sydenham, but Elizabeth Sydenham did not draw hers, and later 
could not obtain it. He also mentions his brother-in-law, Henry 
Baynton, of Roundhill, and Ann his wife, his sister ; Richard 
Ashe, Gent., son and heir of John Ashe, of Tickenham ; Francis 
Baynton, son of Henry and Ann Baynton ; Grace and Elizabeth, 
sisters of Henry Baynton ; Margaret Dyer his mother, who is 
alive ; Sir Edward Gorges, Kt. ; Edward Tynte, Esq., his cousin ; 
Elizabeth Ashe (sister), mother of Richard Ashe; the IManor of 
Barrow Lane, devised to Henry Baynton ; Sir Maurice Berkeley 
and his wife. Lady Elizabeth; his brother-in-law, James Perce- 
vall, and his wife, Gertrude. 



Somerset Dorset Notes &• Queries. 


Stephen Dyer and Johanne {n 6 e Dyer) his wife had issue 

I. Edward Dyer, of Rill, Devon. Chancery Proceedings 
10 May, 1650, state he was late of Rill, now of Perry, in the 
parish of Dulverton. He married Margaret, daughter of John 
Tristram, of Bampton, Devon, by Elizabeth his wife, daughter 
and coheir of . . . Parries. He had issue 

1. Edward Dyer, who married Ann. . . ., administration of 
whose estate was granted to her husband 17 May, 1655. In the 
Dulverton registers is the burial of Edward Dyer, 12 May, 1654, 
but whether this is the father or son we are not able to say. 

2. Penelope Dyer, baptized 29th September, 1616, at 
Bampton (transcripts), married John Harris. 

II. Elinor Dyer, of Bampton, Devon, administration of 
whose estate was granted at Exeter, 15 (?) January, 1625-6, to 
Edward Dyer, of Sharpham Parke, Somerset, Esq., her brother. 
Bond by said Adm’or, Francis Norman, of Glocenbury, Hus- 
bandman, and Robert Melton, of Bampton, Yeoman, in ;^40, 
dated 3 January, 1525-6. Signed Edward Dyer. Seal opposite 
administrator’s signature. Or chief indented gules. Commission 
to take oath dated 2 January, 1625-6, to John Holcombe, Vicar of 
Bampton, and Richard Saynthille, Curate of Bampton, and oath 
taken 3 January before Mr. Saynthille. 

HI. Margaret Dyer, mentioned in her father’s will, 1596. 


John Vyntng, alias Dyer, who is here taken to be second 
son of Ralph Dyer, of Wincanton, and brother of John Dyer, of 
High Ham, Somerset, made his will 26 January, 1500, which was 
proved 14 February, 1500, by which he bequeathes his body to 
be buried in the Church of the Blessed Peter and Paul at Win- 
canton. To Alexander, my son, my lands in Wincanton and 
ground called “ Vedlers Hey” and Le Yerne House, to him 
and his heirs. Legacies to each son of my brother. My son 
Richard, and John, son of Richard. John Dyer, Vicar of Long 
Sutton, and Alexander Dyer, my son, executors. 

In 1500 John Dyer, alias Vyning, was executor to the will of 
Richard Beky and patron of the living of Wincanton, he men- 
tions his curate Sir John Aynell. Whether John was born a 
Vyning or a Dyer we are unable to say, but we think he took the 
name of Dyer on marriage. 

He left issue i. Alexander Dyer. 2. Richard Dyer, who 
may be the Richard Dyer, of Wincanton, who died in 1523. 

Alexander Dyer was probably the Alexander mentioned in 
the will of John Vyning, alias Dyer, for in 1558 he was living at 
Wincanton, and in possession of “ Vedlers Hey ” and “ Le Yerne 

The Haileian MSS. 1559 states he married a daughter of 


Somerset (S» Dorset Notes Queries. 

Walton. He had issue : i. Thomas Dyer, afterwards created a 
Knight. 2. Andrew Dyer. 3. Thomas Dyer. 4. Anker- 
ETTE Dyer. 

Andrew Dyer, 2nd son of x\lexander Dyer, of Wincanton, 
is mentioned in the will of his brother, Sir Thomas Dyer, Kt., 
1565. His Inquisition Post Mortem is dated 7 June, 33 Elizabeth, 
1591. He died at Tuttle Street, Westminster, 7 November, 1590, 
leaving a son, 

Edward Dyer, aged 5 years on the 17 August, 32 Elizabeth, 

Thomas Dyer, 3rd son of Alexander Dyer. Nothing is 
known of him. 

Ankerette Dyer, daughter of Alexander Dyer, was living 
in 1585, and executrix to the will of her husband, JohnEwens, of 
Wincanton, dated 5 February, 1581, proved 17 February, 1585 
(10 Windsor). She left issue Matthew Ewens, Baron of the 
Exchequer, who married Ancret, daughter of John Dyer, of 
Roundhill. His will dated 20 May, 1596, was proved 27 May, 
1596 (32 Lewyn). He is mentioned in the will of John Dyer, of 
Roundhill, 1597. 

Sir Thomas Dyer, Kt., of Weston, Somerset, eldest son of 
Alexander Dyer, married, first, Frances Darcy, widow of William 
Thornborough, whose marriage licence (Faculty Office) is dated 
7 February, 1532-3. William and Frances Thornborough left 
issue Catherine Thornborough, who was married to Alexander 
Dyer. Sir Thomas Dyer had issue by his first marriage, 

1. JoHANE Dyer, who was married to Maurice Rodney, 
son of John Rodney, of Blackwell and Rodney Stoke, Somerset, 
whose will is dated 6 August, and proved 13 September, 1588. 
He was born in 1538. 

2. Margaret Dyer, married to her cousin, John Dyer, of 

3. Frances Dyer, married, as his second wife, to Sir John 
Stawell, of Cothelstone, Somerset, whose will is dated 10 January, 
1602, and proved 20 June, 1603 (43 Boleyn). She died before 
her husband. 

Sir Thomas Dyer married, secondly, a daughter of Lord 
Poynings, and had issue : 4. Sir Edward Dyer, Kt. 5. Alex- 
ander Dyer, of Weston. 6. Andrew Dyer. 7. Thomas 
Dyer, of Street, Somerset. 

He married, thirdly, Joan, daughter of Sir Henry Berkeley, 
Kt., and widow of Sir Nicholas Poyntz, Kt., of Iron Acton, co. 
Gloucester, who pre-deceased him. She is mentioned in a letter 
23 March, 1563-4, from her son. Sir Nicholas Poyntz, to Sir 
William Cecil, as having died lately. 

Sir Thomas Dyer was created Knight 22 February, 1546. 
He owned Sharpham Park, Weston, and Street, Somerset. He 
died 14 June, 1565, at Weston-super-Mare. His Inquisition post 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Qtieries. 


mortem was taken at Langport, Somerset, 26 September, 7th 
Elizabeth, 1565. His will is dated 2 April, 1563, and proved 4 
July, 1565, by Edward Dyer. Further Administration issued 22 
October, 1607, to Margaret Dyer, daughter of Sir Thomas — 
Edward Dyer being dead (22 Morrison). “ My Farm in Streete 
to Thomas Dyer, my youngest son. My son Edward Dyer, exe- 
cutor. To Alexander, my 2nd son, my Parsonage of Charlton 
Horethorne. My 3rd son, Andrew, lands in Stanton Gabriel, 
Dorset. To my youngest daughter, Frances, the custody of 
Thomas Prideaux and Thomas, base born son of my brother 
Andrew. Margaret, my daughter. My Kinsmen, Thomas and 
Richard Walton. My daughter, Joane Rodney. My son, John 
Thornborough, the custody of Thomas Darcie. My Kinsman 
Sir James Dyer, Kt., Lord Chief Justice of Common Pleas. 
William Hawley, Esq., and my nephew, William Lottesham, 

Sir Edward Dyer, Kt., of Sharpham Park, Somerset, eldest 
son of Sir Thomas Dyer, Kt., was born at Sharpham Park in 
July, 1543 ; Chancellor of the Garter ; created Knight 1596 ; Poet 
and Courtier of Queen Elizabeth’s reign. He wrote amongst 
other things “ My mind to me a Kingdom is ” and “ In Praise of 
Nothing.” He died un-married at Winchester House, South- 
wark, and is buried on the north side of the chancel of St. 
Saviour’s, Southwark, ii May, 1607. Administration was granted 
to his sister, Margaret Dyer. His Inquisition post mortem dated 
17 August, 6 James I., 1609, names Edward Dyer, Esq., son and 
heir of Andrew Dyer, his brother, his heir. Edward Dyer was 
aged 22 years and 6 months at Sir Edward’s death. He owned 
the Manor of Middlezowey and Other and Sharpham Park and 382 
Acres in Glastonbury and Street. Sir Edward Dyer is mentioned 
in the will of his father. Sir Thomas Dyer, 1563, and in the will 
of Thomas Lancaster, of Gray’s Inn, Middlesex, dated 18 
September, 1609 (2 Wingfield). He “ bequeathes ^14 to Sir 
Edward Dyer, Knight ; He lieth in the Bishop’s House in St. 
Mary Overy, a known Courtier of the age, above three-score, 
born in Somerset.” The date of the will must be wrong, as Sir 
Edward Dyer died in 1607. 

Alexander Dyer, of Weston, Somerset, 2nd son of Sir 
Thomas Dyer, Kt., is mentioned in his father’s will, 1565. He 
married Catherine, daughter and sole heir of Sir James Granada, 
Kt., and widow of Edward Chester, of Royston Court, Herts. 
Alexander Dyer died in 1615, and administration was granted to 
Edward Thornborough 16 September, 1615. Catherine Dyer’s ' 
will, dated 29 September, 1607, was proved 10 February, 1615 
(20 Cope), “ To be buried in St. Dunstan’s in the East, in St. 
Mary’s Chapel, near Sir James Granada, Kt., and his wife Dame 
Magdalen Chester (she married 2ndly Edward Chester’s father) 
my father and mother. My son Sir Robert Chester his wife. 

156 Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

and two eldest sons and three eldest daughters. Granada 
Chester. My daughter, Mary Thornborough (nee Chester), my 
son, Thornborough; their son, Harry Thornborough, under 21. 
Mary Chester, my son’s daughter. I stand seized of an annuity 
of ;^ioo for my jointure from the West Country from the heirs of 
Sir Edward Dyer, Kt., deceased. My nephew, Edward Forre, 
gent., Counsellor at Law.” They had no issue. 

Andrew Dyer, 3rd son of Sir Thomas Dyer, Kt., is men- 
tioned in the will of his father, 1565. He was of Wotton, Somer- 
set. He married, first, at Horsington, 18 April, 1586, Maud, 
daughter of ... . Ludlowe, and had issue, 

I. Colonel Edward Dyer, who is mentioned in the will of 
Sir John Stawell, of Cothelstone, Kt., 1604, and in the Inquisition 
post mortem of Sir Edward Dyer, Kt, as his heir. He was aged 22 
years and 6 months on 17 August, 1609. He was given a Com- 
mission by Prince Charles 27 January, 1644, to raise a Regiment 
of Foot in the county of Somerset, and to be Colonel thereof. 
This is now in the possession of Canon Mayo. He was buried 
at Glastonbury, 1661, and left issue, Edward Dyer. 

Andrew Dyer married, secondly, Matilda, daughter of ... . 
Wood, and had issue 2. Andrew Dyer. 3. William Dyer. 
4. Thomas Dyer. 5. Frances Dyer, who married . . Bertlett. 
6. Catherine Dyer. The administration of Andrew Dyer’s 
estate was granted to his wife Matilda Dyer, 18 November, 1590. 

Thomas Dyer, of Street, Somerset, 4th son of Sir Thomas 
Dyer, is mentioned in his father’s will, 1565. He was Churchwarden 
of Street in 1603, and married Margaret, daughter of Robert 
Parries, of Chard, who died 25 April, 1583, aged 34, and is 
buried in the Church of Street. There is a brass to her memory 
in the chancel. The Inquisition post mortem of Thomas Dyer, 
taken at Wells 3 October, 1609, states that he died 7 September, 
1609. He left issue i. Alexander Dyer, who married Katherine 
Thornborough. 2. Edward Dyer. 3. Henry Dyer. 4. Mar- 
garet Dyer, married at Street 18 July, 1602, to John Watts. 
4. Elizabeth Dyer, married at Street i6 October, 1598, to 
William Coleson. 

Alexander Dyer, eldest son of Thomas Dyer, of Street, is 
mentioned in his father’s Inquisition post mortem. He married 
at Street, 24 May, 1603, Katherine, daughter of John Thorn- 
borough, of Shaddesden, Hants, and she died 26 September, 1650. 
He died 7 March, and was buried 13 March, 1653, St. John’s 
Church, Glastonbury, where there is a brass to himself and his wife 
with the Dyer Arms, Or a chief indented gules ; crest a Goat’s 
head. He was aged 34 and upwards in 1609. His will nuncu- 
pative is in 492 Atchin. Commission issued to Alexander, his 
son, to administer 28 June, 1654. 

He had issue i. Thomas Dyer, baptized 27 May, 1610, at 

Somerset Dorset Notes cS* Queries. 


Street, of whom nothing is known. 2. Alexander Dyer. 3. 
Captain John Dyer. 4. Margaret Dyer. 5. Katherine 
Dyer. 6. Elizabeth Dyer. 7. Mary Dyer. 

Alexander Dyer, 2nd son of Alexander Dyer, of Street, 
born 1611; of St. Mary le Savoy, Middlesex, Proctor of the 
Arches Court of Canterbury. He is mentioned in the will of his 
father, 1654, and in the will of George Stawell, of Cothelstone, 
1666, who quotes Indenture of 8 July between himself and 
Alexander Dyer of London, gent. The will of Alexander Dyer, 
4 May, 1677, was proved 4 November, 1682 (132 Cottle). Kathe- 
rine Wallis, late sister. Nephew, Augustine Spalding, deed. ; 
his children and her grandchildren. Nephew, Sam. Spalding ; 
sisters Aleworth, Pynner, Witchalse ; niece Katherine Lovel, and 
Constance and Margery, her sisters. John, my nephew, and 
their brother, William Davis. Captain William Davis. Cosens, 
Shrimpton widow, Broadhead and Sarah Lovell. Sister Dyer 
and godson Dyer. Nephew John Lovell ; he and Captain Davis 
to be executors. 

Captain John Dyer, 3rd son of Alexander Dyer, born in 
1617, died 24 April, buried 12 May, 1670. Monument at St. 
John’s, Glastonbury. He fought for Charles I. His nuncupa- 
tive will is dated 2 April, 1669, He leaves all to his wife (name 
not mentioned). 

Margaret Dyer, daughter of Alexander Dyer, born 21 
January, baptized at Street, 23 January, 1603-4, married there 17 
July, 1623, to Eustice Davis, of Bristol. Alexander Dyer in his 
will mentions his nephew, William Davis, and CaptainWilliamDavis. 

Katherine Dyer, daughter of Alexander Dyer, baptized at 
Street 15 July, 1607, married to .... Wallis. She is 
mentioned in her brother’s will, 1682, as deceased. 

Elizabeth Dyer, daughter of Alexander Dyer, was married 
at Street 29 September, 1656, to Robert Witchase, of Glastonbury. 
She is mentioned in her brother’s will, 1682. 

Mary Dyer, daughter of Alexander Dyer, aged 19 in 1623, 
eldest daughter, mentioned in her father’s will. 

Constance Dyer, daughter of Alexander Dyer, aged i6 in 

Gertrude Dyer, aged 14 in 1623. 

(All the wills quoted are in P.C.C., except where otherwise 

P.S. — George Dyer, of Bratton, 5th son of John Dyer, of 
Wincanton (S. D. N. S* Q., Vol. X, September, 1906, part 
Lxxv, p. 1C4). His wife or widow, Mrs. Dorothy Dyer, was 
buried at Charlton Musgrove 31 May, 1644; and in the same 
register John Dyer, son of Mr. George, buried 17 February, 
i594> — and this would be the reason why John is not entered on 
the pedigree signed by George Dyer. (We are indebted to Mr. 
G. Sweetman for the above registers). 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

100. Dorset Recoveries. (VI. pp. 14, 116, 164, 213, 254, 
314, 343, VII. 17, 59, 107, 144, 196, 250, 298, 338, VIII. 8, 55, 
127, 164, 252, 323, IX. 44, 84, 122, 165, 209, 263, 312, 364, X. 
36, 1 16) — 

Charles II’s Reign (continued). 

Hil. 23rd and 
24th years. 


Easter 24th 
year, i o 





Thomas Stringer, &= Matirice Hunt, gen. 
j V. Antony Lord Ashley . — Manor of Longe 
Crechell alias Crechell Goves, Moore 
Crechell,.and Wymborne, and 36 messuages 
2 pigeoncots and 3150 acres in these places 
and the advowson of Longe Crechell. 
(Vouchee, Henry Lord Arundell of Warder 
who calls Thomas Arundell his son and heir 

— Benjamin Walter v. Edward Penney, junior, 
gen . — ManorofMelburyBubb & 10 messuages 
a watermill, & 215 acres there & in Hymer- 
ford & Chetnol). (Vouchee, Thomas Foy, 

} —John Hoskins, Esq., Henry Samway es, gen. 

j V. John Rayner . — Manor of Little Winsor & 
32 messuages, a watermill, & 1043 acres there 
& in Broad Winsor. (Vouchee, John Pyne, 
senior. Esq.) 

] — Robert Roberts, Nicholas Gill v. Edward 
j Dunnig . — 2 messuages & 106 acres in East- 
lulworth & Westholme. 



Trin. 24th 
year. 130 

) — John Murrey v. John Hayward, gen., Miles 
j Corbett, gen . — 2 messuages & 20 acres in 
Upway, Stottingway, Wabyhouse, Elwell, & 
Broadeway. (Vouchee, John Adams). 

) — Andrew L Oder, gen., v. Nathaniel Bond, Esq. 
J — Manors of Frampton, Crockway, Notton, 
Thorpe, & Bettescombe, & i66 messuages, 
2 waterm.llls, 2 fulling mills, i pigeoncot, & 
4799 acres, common of pasture, free warren, 
fairs & markets, view of frankpledge, assize 
of bread & ale, goods & chatties of felons & 
fugitives & of outlaws & persons put in 
exigent, &: waifs and strays, in these places 
& in Mayden Newton, Charmister, Barrow- 
land, Weare, Toller Porcorum & Moxidge 
Downe, the rectory of Frampton & the ad- 
vowsons of Bettescombe & Frampton. 
(Vouchee, Thomas Browne, Esq.) 

Somerset Dorset Notes &= Queries. 


Mich. 24th j 

year. 142 1 

1 — William Brice v. Francis Coles, ^^Bartholomew 
1 Tothill, gen . — 3 messuages & 52 acres in 
Maypowder, Buckland Newton, Chaveston, 
& Brockington. (Vouchee, John Child.) 


H 5 

) — Samuel Searle, gen., William Collins, gen. 

) V. John Salter, gen . — A messuage & 58 acres 
in Brockhampton & Buckland. 

Ditto i 

152 J 

i — William Browne, gen. v. Edward Barwell, gen,, 
1 & John Savage, gen. — 20 messuages, 3 mills, 

& 740 acres in Newland, Batcombe, Withy- 
hooke, Spering, Scoble Parke, Rowheires, 
Yetmister, Sidling, Broadsidling, Holnest, 
Hilfeild, & Leigh. (Vouchee, John Minterne, 

Ditto ] 

173 ' 

1 — Hugh Hodges, senior, gen., William Sansome, 

[ gen. V. Laurence Brom.e, gen., Giles Clarke, 

gen. — 2 messuages & 2 acres in Shirborne. 
(Vouchee, John Gawler.) 

Ditto j 

23 1 

\ — Thomas Ahington, senior, gen., &• Walter 
i Fookes, gen,, v. George Parry, gen., Robert 

Randall, gen . — 3 messuages & 215 acres in 
Putton, Easton, Sutton Pointes, & Chickrell. 
(Vouchee, Charles Davey.) 

Hil. 24th & 
25 th year. 


I — Samuel Ayres, Esq., w. James Walton, gen., &> 
1 James Pattison, gen . — Manors of Winterborne 
Tompson, Shapwicke, Shapwicke Winterford, 
Shapwicke Champayne, Edmundsham alias 
Ensome alias Paynes Moore, North Bowood, 
& Duller, & 20 messuages, 2 mills, i pigeon- 
cot, & 1880 acres in these places & in 
Craford Parva, Craford Magna, Spettisbury, 
Sturmister Marshall, Litchet Matravers, 
Netherbiiry, Loscombe, & Winterborne 
Kingston & the advowson of Winterborne 
Tompson & Edmundsham (Vouchee, Joseph 
Hussey, junior, gen.) 

East. 25th ( 

year. 17. j 

^ — John Sweete, gen., Miles Corbett, gen. v. 

Henry Samways, junior, gen . — 2 messuages 
in Bridport. (Vouchee, John Balston.) 

Ditto 1 

122 i 

— Henry Titchbourne, bart ., Charles Welles, Esq., 
John Arundell, gen. v. Robert Constable, 
gen . — Manor of Chidiock & 900 acres in 
Hakeridge, Shawe, Worth, Beerland, Wit- 
ehurche,' Hincombe, Hedgwell, Netherbury, 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

Trin. 25th 
year. 55 



Mich. 25th 
year. 94 







Hil. 25th & 

years. 53. 

Chidiocke, Bridport, Bradpole, & Waldiche 
(Vouchee, John Arundell, Knt., who calls 
Francis Arundell, Esq.) 

) — Peter Pike v. William Yeatman, gen. — A 
i messuage & 40 acres in Kington Magna. 
(Vouchee, Mary Langley, widow.) 

) — Thomas Richards, gen. v Thomas White, gen. 
) (§-• Mathew Cutler, gen. — A messuage & 794 

acres in Hynbury, Sturmister I\Iarshall, 
Corffe Hubert & Corfie Mullings. (Vouchee, 
Charles Morton, gen.) 

— Robert Coker, Esq., George Browne, Esq. v. 

George Fulford, Esq. — 25 messuages & 960 
acres inTollerPorcorum, Nether Kingcombe, 
Overkingcombe, Windford Eagle, Toller 
Fratrum, Chilfroome, Dorchester, & Stur- 
minster Marshall, the rectories of Toller 
Porcorum & Toller Fratrum with the chapel 
of Windford Eagle annexed & tithes in 
Toller Porcorum, Toller Fratrum, Nether 
Kingcombe, Overkingcombe, & Windford 

1 — Richard Lush v. John Nicholls, gen. — 3 
) messuages, 5 gardens & 10 acres in the 
parishes of St. Peter, St. Laurence, & St. 
Trinity Shaston. (Vouchee, Robert Burleton, 

) — John Jevrard v. Stephen Bowdidge, gen. — A 
i messuage & 6 acres in Petersham Bothen- 
wood, Wimbourne Minster. (Vouchee, 
Thomas Budden.) 

I — Thomas Doyly, Esq. v. Andrew Loder, gen. — 
) Manors of Adlington, Baglake, Long Bredy, 
& Compton, & 53 messuages, 3 watermills, 
& 2055 acres & rents in these places & in 
Litton Cheney, Kingston Russell, White- 
church, & Askerswell, and the advowson of 
Compton. (Vouchee, John IMichell, Esq.) 

I — John Burhidge, gen. v. William Yeatman, gen. 

1 — Manors of Wooland & Thornhill, & 15 

messuages, i watermill, 2 pigeoncots, & 1100 
acres in these places & in Stalbridge, Staple- 
bride, & Hasselbere Brian. (Vouchee, 
Edward Thornhill, Esq., who calls Robert 
Thornhill, gen.) 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 




East. 26th 
year. 14 









1 06 




— George Knipe, gen. v. Thomas Knipe, gen.^ 
Richard Lannyng, gen. — Manor of Maperton 
alias Maplerton, & 10 messuages, & 460 
acres in Maplerton, Aimer, & Morden, & the 
rectory of Morden. (Vouchee, Anne Tren- 
chard, widow.) 

) — John Champnes, Esq. v. Henry Gould, Esq., — 
J 3 messuages, & 230 acres in Stower Provost 
& Buckland. 

) — Richard Renell &> Thomas Savage, junior v. 
j Thomas Ford. — A messuage & garden in 
Shaston. (Vouchee, Oliver Muston.) 

) — George Lee, Esq., &> Charles Castell, gen. v. 
i John Biscoe, Esq., & John Lloyd, gen. — Manor 
of Newton Montague alias Newland, and 10 
messuages and 1000 acres in Wootton Glan- 
vell &■ West Pulham, and one third of the 
manor of Middle Ringsted, & 8 messuages 
& 600 acres in Osmington. (Vouchee, 
Winston Churchill, Knt., & Elizabeth his 

) — John Hemyngton v. Henry Hastings, gen. — A 
i messuage & 109 acres in Stower Provost & 
Shaston St. Jeames. 

— Henry Keates, gen. v. Edward Strode, Esq . — 
14 messuages, i windmill, & 650 acres in 
Hanly, Deane, Gussage, Chettell, & Cran- 
borne Chase. (Vouchee, John Lord Paulett.) 

) — Richard Orchard, gen., &> William Phillipps, 
J gen. V. George Parry, gen., &= Thomas Abing- 
ton, gen. — 8 messuages & 6 acres in Lyme 
Regis & Colwey. (Vouchee, Thomas Rose, 

) — William Parsons, gen. v. William Yeatman, 
) gen. — 5 messuages, i pigeoncot, & 358 acres 

in Marnehull, Kentlesworth, & Stalbridge. 
(Vouchee, Robert Pope, gen.) 

) — Edward Phillipps, Knt., John Hoskins Esq., 

( John Stocker, gen. v. George Parry, gen., 
Andrew Loader, gen. — A messuage & 82 acres 
& a fourth of a messuage & 123 acres in 
Shillingston, Okeford, Beere Regis, Mil- 
bourne St. Andrew, Milborne Stylam, 
Divelish, PuddleTowne, Affpudle, &Turners- 
pudle. (Vouchees, John Pyne, senior, & 
Anne his wife.) 


1 62 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 





Trin. 26th 
year. 1 3 





Mich. 26th 
year. 17 







j — Thomas Wyndam,Esq., &=Thomas Hussey , Esq. 
j V. George Strode^Esq.^ ^ Thomas Strode, Esq.~ 
4 messuages & 1260 acres in Sherborne, 
CastleTowne, Haiden, & Pinford. (Vouchee, 
John Lord Digby.) 

) — John Bryant, John Bunchhayn v. William 

) Pynsent, gen. — 48 acres in Hursey, Burstock 
& Broad Winsor, (Vouchee, Hugh Greene,) 

— John Hayward, gen. v. Antony Guydett, gen. 
— Manors of Chettle & Lydlinch & 4 
messuages 2 pigeoncots, & 4400 acres in 
these places & in Folke, North Egarton, 
Litton & Askerswell, the advowson of 
Chettle, a moiety of the manor of Folke & a 
moiety of the advowson of Folke, & a third 
of the advowson of Lydlinch. (Vouchee, 
Thomas Chafin, Esq.) 

— John Laurence, Esq., Thomas Turhervile,Esq. 

V. Samuel Gregory, gen. — Manor of West- 
worth & 17 messuages, i watermill, 930 acres, 
common of pasture, & free fishing, in West- 
worth & Edmundsham. (Vouchee, Hopton 
Baskett, gen.) 

1 — Henry Samway es, junior, gen., John 
3 Samwayes, gen. v. Daniel Herne, gen., 
Stephen Hallett. — A messuage & 10 acres in 
Bridport & Brappole. (Vouchees, Lionel 
Browne, Joseph Hallett, clerk, & Jonathan 
Hallett & Susanna his wife.) 

) — Richard Hamond, Giles Stagg v. Thomas 
3 Mussell. — A messuage & garden in Shaston. 

< — John Churchill, Esq., &> Robert Williams, Esq. 
i V. Henry Bachway, gen. — 2 messuages, i 
pigeoncot, & 1050 acres in Kingston Marie- 
ward, Brockhampton, Stinsford, & Forthing- 
ton. (Vouchee, Audelay Grey, Esq.) 

J — William Allwood, &> Joseph Haddocks v. John 
f Peachie, gen., &• Thomas Sclater, gen. — 2 
messuages & 416 acres in Church Knoyle & 
Steeple. (Vouchees, Henry Wilson, gen., & 
Margaret his wife.) 

i — Thomas Porter, Esq., &> George Legg,Esq. v. 
3 Thomas Bankes, gen., Edward Winstanley, 
gen. — Manor of Warmewell & 16 messuages, 
I pigeoncot, & 1370 acres there & in Water- 

Somerset &= Dorset Notes Queries. 






cumbe, Poxwell & Maine. (Vouchees, Jane 
Sadler, & John Sadler, who call Thomas 

— George Parry, gen. v. Winston Churchill, Knt. 
— A messuage & 280 acres in Duntish, 
Buckland Newton, Minterne Magna & 
Middle Marsh. (Vouchee, John Barnes, gen.) 

— William Parsons, gen. v. William Yeatman, 
gen. — A messuage & 40 acres in Marnhull & 
& Ketlesworth. (Vouchee, James Mewe, 

F. J. Pope. 

loi. Heale Family, of Thurloxton, Durston, Creech and 
Adsborough, co. Somerset. 

The Thurloxton Parish Registers contain the following 
entries relating to the above Family. 

1564. 24 March, was baptised Marye Helyde filia Johanis 
Helye anno pdicto. 1717. Susanna daughter of William Hele of 
Ballcombe was bapt. Dec. 13th. 1747- George Hele and Sarah 

Neathy of North Petherton married i January. 1806. 28 Aug., 
Thomas Heal sojourner, bachelor, and Mary Winslade sojourner, 
spinster, were married by William Boone in the presence of 
Sarah Trevet & John Winslade, 

From the Durston Registers : 

1747. Betty, dau : of Alex‘S- Hoyel and Elizabeth his wife, 
baptised 29 Mar. 

i7f§. Joan, dau: of Ditto, bapt. 14 Jany. 

1754. William, son of Ditto, bapt. 16 July. 

1756. Ann, dau: of Ditto ; bapt. 10 April. 

1 755 - Joan ye Dafter of Gorge Heale an his wife Sarah was 
Baptized, September ye 8^^^- 
From the Creech Registers: 

1744. William Heale was married to Grace Nott, both of the 
Parish, April i8tii- 

1768. William Hele married to Sarah Waites, Oct. 9*^- 
From the Kingston Registers : 

1732. John Hele and Elizabeth Knight married April 25^^- 
1732. Mary, dau : of John Hele and Elizabeth his wife, baptised 
Oct. i7‘^- 

1735. Elizabeth Hele buried Nov. 28*^^- 

1737. John Hele and Mariane Du’puy (or Du’peey) married 
Sep. 10^^- 

The Adsborough pedigree is headed by Alexander Heale, 
of Adsborough, who married Elizabeth Pyne, of Ling. He died 
4 April, 1848, and was buried at Creech, his bearers being his 
four grandsons, viz : — Eli Palmer, William Heale, Richard 

164 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 

Westcombe and William Westcombe. By his wife, who died 
and was buried at Creech in 1835, he had issue: — 

1. Isaac, who by his wife Betsey Callow, of Haddon Farm, 
Thurloxton, had issue William, of Taunton, Emma, who was 
married at 18, to Captain Thomas Allen of Bridgewater, and 
lastly, John (Captain) of Liverpool. Isaac Heale was buried at 

2. Mary, who was married to George Palmer, of Kingsclift, 
North Petherton, and had issue James, of London, Eli, Mary 
Elizabeth, who was married to Simon Priest, of Bridgewater and 
had issue Polly and James, Georgianna who was married to John 
King, of King Street, Pimlico, and Julia Jane, of London. 

3. Eli, who married Mary Stuckey, widow, of Creech. 

4. James, of Cheddon, married Ann Callow but had no 
issue. He was buried at Cheddon and she at Creech. 

5. Anna, who was married at Creech 25 Dec., 1827, to John 
Westcombe, of West Newton, and had issue two sons and five 

6. Levi, of Thurloxton, who married, ist.. Miss Callow, sister 
of Betsey Callow above named ; zndly, Amy Godfrey, by whom 
he had issue: (i) Frank, of Thurloxton, who married Harriett 
Bartlett, of Maiden Newton, Dorset, and had issue: Frank, of the 
Dorset Regiment, who died at Dorchester, Dorset, and was bur., 
at Fordington St. George 12 April, 1882, and several daughters. 
He died January, i8g8. (ii) Ellen, who was married to Fred 
Callow, of The Croft, Bristol, and had issue five sons. 

Could any reader say whether Alexander Heale, of Ads- 
borough, was descended from Sir F. Heale, of Somerset, knighted 
by James L, or from Sir Thos : Hele., Bart., of Fleet Damerel, 
Devon } Alpha. 

102. Benefactions to Dorset Parishes, Churches, 
&c. — The following are from wills, proved in P.C.C. unless 
otherwise stated, or from proceedings in the Court of Chancery. 

Ralph Pope and Christian his wife, probably early in the 
1 6th century gave 15^ acres of land to the use of the poor of 
Haselbury Bryan. (The names of the donors had been forgotten 
in 1799, when a tablet, bearing an inscription relating to the 
charity and quoted in Hutchins’ History, was erected in the 
churchyard of Haselbury Bryan. They were however known in 
1707, when deponents in the Chancery suit ‘ Attorney General v. 
Young’ stated that the lands had been given by the above- 
mentioned Ralph and Christian “ about 200 years ” previously.) 

Richard Cave, of Colstreete, in Stower Estover, by will 
dated 1569, left 40s/- “to the repacons of the causeway betwene 
Shaston and Gillingham.” 

William Grantham, of Netherbury, by will dated 1578,16ft 
5s/- to the m.aintenance of highways in Netherbury. 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 165 

Hughe Sidway, of Netherburie, by will dated 1581, left 
to the “ makinge of a causewaie in Binghams Lane.” 

Henrie Whittle the elder, of Dorchester, yeoman, by will 
dated 1579, left an annuity of lo^/- to the “ use of the people 
w^ti- shall remain in the Allmes house in Dorchester,” payable 
from freehold at Winterborne St. Martin. 

William Hemerford, parson of Folke, by will dated 1583, 
left towards the building of an aisle to the church of Folke ; 

to repair the church of Symondisborough ; to repair “ the 
cawsey betwixte Chidiock and Burporte ” ; £3 to repair “ the 
cawseye betwixte x^lveston and Folke church ” ; and;^2o “to the 
marriage of tenne poore maidens.” 

John Goulde, of Blanford Forum, Draper, by will dated 
1591, left 40s/- to be employed on the Guild Hall of Blanford, 
and 20s/- towards the paving of the streets of Blanford. 

John Jones, of Lyme Regis, by will proved in 1590, left 
£100 to the Mayor and Burgesses of Lyme Regis to be lent to 
young or decayed merchants, the interest at the rate of twopence 
in the pound “to be bestowed in a breakfast for the said Mayor 
and his Brethren.” 

Richard Collier, of Boridge in Cranborne, by will proved 
in 1595, left £6 towards erecting a church or chapel at Boridge. 

Robert Chettle, of Woolhowse in Stower Westower, by 
will proved in 1601, left 40s/- to the poor of Westower as a stock 
for ever. 

Walter Willis, of Pulham, husbandman, by will proved in 
1601, left £5 to che poor of Pulham “to be imployed yearlie 
for ever.” 

Thomas Michell, rector of Mapowder, by will proved in 
1603, left £5 “ as a continewing stock for the poor.” 

Richard Justy, [ ? vicar of Loders], by will proved (perhaps 
at Blandford) before 1601, left 40s/- yearly to the poor of Loders. 

JohnKeynell, of Keynston, by will proved in 1605, left 
as a stock to the almshouses of Blandford. 

John Boden, of Shaston, gen., by will dated i8 July, 1609, 
left ^20 to be “ bestowed in a convenient house for Tenn of the 
most honest poore old impotent people unmarried of Shaston to 
be buylded uppon the plot of ground next the lane cominge from 
French Myll,” and ten shillings weekly for their maintenance. 
(This testator is presumably the same as a John Budden mentioned 
in the county history as a great benefactor of the town of 

Thomas Pettie, rector of Melbury Abbas, by will proved in 
1616, left ;^io to the poor of Melbury Abbas as a stock for ever. 

*Hutchins gives Richard “Justice" as vicar of Loders in 1579, Richard Justye, clerk, 
witnessed wills at Symondsbury and Loders in 1588 and 1591 and was no doubt identical 
with the “ Sir Richard Justie my late curate ” mentioned in the will of William Hemerford 
just noted. 


Somerset Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

Christopher Symes, of West Milton, gen., by will proved 
in 1621, left £s to the poor of Poorstock as a stock for ever. 

Joseph Collett, of Wimborne Minster, by will proved in 
1622, left tithes to the Governors of Wimborne School, and 
the profits of which were to be distributed yearly to poor trades- 
men of Wimborne Minster. 

Nicholas Romayne, ofLidlinch, yeoman, by will proved in 
1622, left 40^/- as a stock to the Church and £b as a stock for 
the poor of Lidlinch, of which the profits were to be distributed 
on Palm Sunday. 

Robert Horder alias Taylor, of Tarrant Hinton, by will 
proved in 1622, left 40s/- as a stock for the poor of Tarrant 

Lady Magdalen Napper, of Middlenshall, widow, by will 
proved in 1624, left 40^/- yearly for ever to the poor of Dorchester 
“ in the hospital or in the newly erected working house.” 

Edward Speer, of Corfe Castle, mercer, by will dated 1626, 
left “to the ornament of the Communion Table of Corfife Castell 
one Table Cloth of french greene satineses.” 

Sir John Browne, of Frampton, Knight, by will dated 1609 
and proved 1627, directed “that a fair He bee made within con- 
venient time after my death out of the highest part of the 
Chauncel of Frampton over and beyondethe graves of my Grand- 
father father and other my Auncestors and the great high 
Chauncell Windowe bee removed and sett at the farther end of 
the same building and the walls to be raised equallie according 
with the now wall w^^ two half faire doores to enter into the He 
where the old windowe stood.” The testator however contem- 
plated carrying out the work during his lifetime. 

John Foster, of Sherborne, gen., by will dated 1628, left 
£100 to the Master and Brethren of the Almshouses of St. John 
the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist in Sherborne as a stock 
for ever for the poor of Sherborne. 

Clothier Bragg, of South Brooke in Bere Regis, by will 
dated 1628, left £^ to the poor of Bere Regis as a stock for ever, 
the profits to be distributed on Christmas Eve. 

Richard Bushrod, of Dorchester, haberdasher, by will 
dated 1628, left 40s/- yearly from lands in Glanville’s Wootton 
towards “the better maintenance of the Schoolemaster of the 
freeschole in Dorchester,” and £^ towards building a school- 
house in Shaston. 

By the gift of some unknown person or persons, bread, 
cheese and beer were distributed in Marnhull Church by the 
parson or his farmer each year after Evening Prayer on Easter 
Day. The bread was “ good white bread ” and not “ ordinary,” 
and as much as could be made from four bushels of wheat. The 
cheese consisted of no lbs. of “ ordinary” or skim milk cheese, 
or 100 lbs. of better cheese. The quality of beer was as much as 

Somerset Dorset Notes ^ Queries, 167 

could be brewed from a bushel of malt, i.e., 8 or 10 gallons, In 
1627, when the custom had been continued for upwards of 50 
years, William Glisson, then farmer of the parsonage, refused to 
make the distribution in the church, with the result that he was 
sued in the Court of Chancery by some of the inhabitants of the 

Richard Kesar, of Frampton, by will dated 1629, left £^o 
for the benefit of the four poorest people of Frampton, and ;^io 
to the poor of Maiden Newton. 

Richard Hillary, of Buckham in Beaminster, yeoman, by 
will dated 1629, left £10 to the poor of Beaminster “to be kept 
in the poore mans boxe,” and lent out on security. 

William Seaburne, the younger, of Beaminster, woollen- 
draper, by will dated 1632, left4os/- to the poor of Beaminster, 

“ for to buy hempe to sett the poore on worke,” and 40s/- to the 
poor of Bridport for the same purpose. 

Roger Morgan, of East Stower, yeoman, by will dated 1632, 
left £io to the poor of Gunville and £\o to the poor of each of 
the parishes of Sutton, Wimborne Minster, East Stower, and 

William Golsey, of Winterborne St. Martin, by will dated 
1632, left to the church a cushion for the pulpit. 

William Whiteway, the younger, of Dorchester, merchant, 
by will dated 1635, left £io to the disposal of the Mayor and 
Aldermen of Dorchester for the free school of Dorchester. 

Sir Francis Ashley, of Dorchester, Knight, by will dated 
1635 left ^4 a year for apparel for poor people of Damerham 
[Wilts] and Martyn in alternate years for ever and to each of these 
parishes 20s/- a year to be paid at Christmas either in money or 
meat to the poorest people ; and £^ yearly out of the farms of 
Carrants and Rew in Martinstown to be distributed among the 
poorest persons in Martinstown in apparel and diet against 
Christmas ; and to the poor of the almshouses near my gate at 
the Friary, consisting of nine women, 40^/- against Christmas; 1 
and 100 marks to the Mayor and Burgesses of Dorchester for the 
purchase of the fee simple of the parsonage or portion of tithes 
of Walterston now received by the parson of All Hallows in 

Laurence Phelps the elder, of Thorncombe, by will dated 
1636, left to the church of Thorncombe “ the booke of Martyrs 
yf it maye be had for three pounds or else three pounds in 

William Jones, of Winterborne St. Martin, clerk, by will 
dated 1637, 20^/- to buy “ a cushion clothe for the adorning 

of the Pulpit of the said church.” 

Sir Ferdinando Tutchett, Knight, by will dated before 
1638, left £\oo to the poor of Stalbridge. (This is probably the 
bequest referred to in Hutchins’ History as having been left by 
.... Ferdinando.) 

1 68 Somerset &> Dorset Notes & Queries. 

Thomas Hooper, of Boveridge, Esq., by will dated 1638, 
left £^^0 to the churchwardens of Cranborne to be lent gratis to 
ten poor artificers and tradesmen. He had procured an order of 
Sessions for setting up a workhouse in Cranborne for setting idle 
persons to work, and had erected an almshouse in his manor of 

Margarett Russell, of Dorchester, Spinster, by will dated 
1648, left £'^ “ to the distressed Saints,” to be distributed by Mr. 
Benne, preacher, of Dorchester. 

Captain Peter de Saleneuue, of Weymouth, by will dated 
1653, £^ as a stock for the poor of Weymouth and Melcombe 


Edmund Jolleiffe, of Woodland in Horton, husbandman, 
by will dated 1655, left lOs/- to “the Society of Saints joyned 
together in the fellowshipp of the Gospell at Hinton Martell,” to 
be distributed by the Pastor and Deacons. 

Humphry Flavell, of Weymouth and Melcombe Regis, 
gen., by indenture dated 1657, conveyed lands in the manor of 
Wyke Regis called Lidwell and Brands to trustees for a term of 
99 years for the use of Baptist churches at Osmington, Dorchester, 
and Weymouth. 

Agnes Lockett, of Spettisbury, widow, by will dated 1657, 
left to be added to the 40s/- left by her husband and to be 
kept in stock for the repairing of the church of Spettisbury. 

William Strechley, of Blandford Forum, vintner, by will 
dated 1658, left 12^/- or 13®/- to provide a dictionary or other 
book for Blandford school. 

Thomas Burge, of Marnhull, farmer, by will proved in 1672, 
left /'s to the poor of Marnhull as a stock for ever. 

William La^wrence, of Rampisham, gen., by will dated 
1685 and proved at Blandford, left an estate at Broade Witcham 
to his brother, who for a period of ten years was to pay 40®/- 
annually to the minister and overseers of Rampisham for the use 
of the poor, the money to be distributed on All Saints’ Day. 
After the expiration of the ten years the profits of the lands were 
to be used entirely for the poor. (This bequest has been 
erroneously attributed to William LawTence of Wraxhall who 
died in or before 1683.) 

Nicholas Mitchell, of Blandford Forum, mercer, by will 
dated 1703, left a year during the minority of his son to Mr. 
John Poell and his successors “in the Dissenting Ministery of 
the Gospell in Blandford Forum coifionly called by the name of 
Presbiterians.” Testators’ son is enjoined to continue the pay- 
ment when he attains his majority. 

Jane Beck, ofWootton Glanville, widow, by will dated 1733, 
left five guineas to the surveyor of highways for the tithing of 
Wootton for making a strong footbridge out of the new enclosed 
common towards the church. F. J. Pope. 

Somerset df Dorset Notes &> Queries, 169 

103. Humming-bird Moth, Macroglossa Stellatarum : (X. 
119). — This sphinx is generally distributed through Dorset, 
Somerset, Devon and Wilts ; and may be seen in our flower gar- 
dens, almost, if not every year. They have been common here 
this summer, repeatedly visiting the Rectory greenhouse, and in 
the public gardens of Exmouth abundant. It is in its flight 
marvellously rapid, appearing and disappearing as quick as light- 
ning. When hovering hawk-like over a flower, I have, however, 
easily captured them with my net, striking upwards. The 
movements and habits of these insects are in many respects very 
similar to those of the Humming-bird (Darwin’s “the 
vibration of whose wings is so rapid that the bird poised in the 
air, appears not only immoveable, but entirely without action. 
It is seen to stop thus for some instants before a flower and dart 
otf like a gleam to another : it visits them all, plunging its little 
tongue into their bosom, caressing them, with its wings without 
ever settling, but at the same time never quitting them.” (Buffon). 

The ova of this moth are found in May on Galium Mollugo 
and other stellates, on which the larvse feed during August. 
“ They sometimes enter the earth, when about to be transformed ; 
and at other times construct a cocoon on the surface, composed 
of particles of earth, pieces of leaves, &c.” (Duncan’s Moths, 
p. 165). The perfect insects are to be seen at the end of August, 
in September, and in fine seasons throughout October. I have a 
living specimen taken here Nov. 6, this year. Hybernated 
imagines appear from April to June. I do not remember to have 
seen one in July. One is recorded to have been seen at Marl- 
borough College in 1871 as early as March 7. This moth occurs 
in Europe, North Africa and Northern and Western Asia. Mr. 
Gould (the eminent naturalist, born at Lyme Regis, Sept. 14, 
1804), relates that he once had a stormy altercation with an 
English gentleman, who affirmed that Humming-birds were to be 
found in England, for he had seen one flying in Devonshire, 
meaning thereby the moth, Macroglossa Stellatarum. 

J.H.W., Silverton Rectory, Devon. 

104. Defence of Somerset Against Invasion, 1803.— In 
the Parish chest of Dowlish Wake are preserved some documents 
which are apparently identical, as far as they have survived, with 
the series relating to Dorset which have been already published 
in vol. IX. 137, 178, 227, 273, 359. 

The printed matter at Dowlish begins at the fifth page 
“ second head ” (cf. vol. ix. 183) the earlier part being missing, 
but a written return, which for some unexplained reason was not 
sent to Headquarters, accompanies the printed documents. 
This return is signed by Samuel Gange, Tythingman, on 26 July, 
1803, and sets out that 31 men in the parish (whose names are 
given) were willing to serve ars soldiers but had no arms, and were 

1 70 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

desirous that Charles Parke, late Major of the 27th Regt., should 
be their leader or lieutenant. The memorandum goes on to say 
that there was a miller in the parish, but that the general want of 
water prevented him from engaging to supply a greater quantity 
of meal than his usual customers consumed. If there was no 
scarcity of water, the miller would be able to supply 10 quarters 
of meal weekly, over and above his usual needs. The return 
ends without any offer of horses, vehicles or live stock. 

Henry Symonds. 

105. Dyer Family (X. 97). — In the notes on the Dyer 
Family, I see it stated that Lady Margaret Dyer was daughter of 
Thomas Abarrowe, and grand-daughter of Sir Maurice Abarrowe, 
of North Barrow, Somerset, and widow of Sir Thomas Elyot. 

In the pedigree of the Abarrows, of Hampshire, amongst the 
Harl. MSS., in the British Museum (of which I have a copy made 
from the original) Margaret’s father’s Christian name is John, and 
he is described as of North Chavfovd (which is part of Breamore 
in Hants). 

Can the writer tell me whether her quotation came from the 
Licence, and be correct } If so, it would seem that the member 
of the family in a later generation, who supplied the Herald with 
the pedigree, must have made a mistake. 

As the family take their name from North Barrow, it may be 
that Sir Maurice is so described on that account, but the Somerset 
Visitations give several pedigrees of the branch (presumably the 
elder) belonging to N. Barrow and Ditcheat, &c., and of which 
also I have copies. 

R a.B. 

[Ra.B. is quite correct in his statement that Lady Margaret 
Dyer was the daughter of John Abarrowe, and not of Thomas, 
The writer is much indebted to him for pointing out the mistake. 
The Licence, Faculty Office (London Marriage Licences, by 
Colonel Chester) states 1546-7, February 9, James Dyer, Esq., 
and Dame Margaret Elyot, widow, married. E.H.M.] 

106. Morris and Senior Families. — Anthony Morris, 
who was born at Stepney in 1654, and his wife, Mary Jones, 
went from London to Philadelphia, U.S.A., in 1682. His father, 
another Anthony Morris, married Elizabeth Senior. 

Thomas Budd, of Ilchester, married Susannah Senior, of 
Weymouth, in 1667 ; these latter people were very intimate with 
the Morris family. Can any of our readers throw further light 
on the connection between these families. R.C.M. 

107. Somerset Superstition, — I have recently heard of 
the case of an infant, aged six months, being fed on a hare’s 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 171 

brain, to cure it of being “twily ” (restless) — is this superstition a 
common one P 

Downside Abbey, Bath. Ethelbert Horne. 

108. Newman. — “ At King’s Weston was buried a person 
of the name of Newman aged 132.” 

There is no record of this at Kingweston near Somerton ; 
although it is mentioned in connection with an account of Abbot 
Whiting’s Chair, which is in this Church. Is it in mistake for 
King’s Weston near Shirehampton ? 

R. Dickinson. 

109. Christian’s Cross. — “ Christian’s Cross” is said to 
be the name of the Cross Road between Kingweston and 
Charlton Mackrell and Butleigh. Why are they so called ? 

R. Dickinson. 

no. Bell at Spargrove, Somerset. — At Spargrove, 
where the church was united to Batcombe in 1564, there is a bell 
standing about i ft. high bearing this inscription : — 

“ Frances Moore. Elizabeth his wife, 1648.” 

George Bisse, the owner of Spargrove, was fined ^491 on 
April 3rd., 1647, (Calendar of the Committee for Compounding 
p. 1688), and probably the Moores bought the property soon after. 


111. Rycheman or Rickman Family. (X. 21, 134). — In 

the Register of St. Thomas,’ Sarum, occurs the following entry : 
Roger Richman and Anne Minterne, married by licence 15th 
Oct., 1626. E.N. 

112. Woodland Chapel, Dorset. — We are indebted to 

Rev. Edmund Nevill for the following order of Court, relating 
to Woodland Chapel. It is taken from a contemporary copy, written 
on a sheet of foolscap. Dorset Editor. 

The order between Mr. Uvedall of Horton and Henry 
Hastings Esq. of Woodland conserning devine service to be sayd 
in the Chapell at Woodland. 

Mr. Baron Bromley, Sabb’i xiio Die Julii Anno Regni 
Jacobi Regis xviio Inter Henricum Hastings Ar’ querentem 
Annam Uvedale viduam Will’mum Uvedalle mil’ Franciscum 
Uvedalle et Rich’um Uvedalle Defendentes. 

Forasmuch as upon the full hearinge and debatinge of the 
matter this p’snte daye in the p’nce of the Councell learned on 
both p’tes for and touchinge the pencon of five pounds a yeare' 
whereof the p’f prayeth to bee relieved It appeared unto this 
Courte That the Pryor and Covent of Horton in the County of 
Dorsett was seised of the manner of Horton and of the Rectory 
and Parsonage impropriate of Horton and of the advouson of the 

172 Somerset S> Dorset Notes Queries. 

Viccarage of Horton which Viccarage was indowed wth sundry 
Tythes in Horton and Woodland and that there was an auncient 
Chappell called Woodland Chappell which Chappell doth yet 
contynue aboute a myle distant from the p’ishe Churche of Horton 
in w‘=h Chappell the said Prior did use to send some of the Covent 
to say prayers and Celebrate divine Service every Sunday and 
Hollyday as well for the Inhabitants of the Cappitall Messuage of 
Woodlands as for the Tenn’tsof the whole Manner of Woodlands 
And that the Sacrament hath byn administered in the said 
Chappell. And it alsoe appeared that the said Manner and 
Rectory of Horton Comyne by dissolution to Kinge Henry the 
Eight and soe to Kinge Edward the Sixte the said Manner 
Parsonage and Viccarage of Horton was graunted unto William 
the Earle of Pembroke and one William Clarke and the heires of 
the said Earle from the perticule’ of w’ch purchase there was five 
pounds per ann’ reprised for the mayntenaunce of a minister to 
say Service in the said Chappell. And in the pattente of the 
said purchase the King Covenanted to discharge the Pattentes 
of all incumbrance except the payment of the said five pounds 
for the fyndinge of a Curate to saye prayers at the said Chappell 
of Woodlands And that the said Manner and Rectory haveinge 
since come to the said Uvedales they the said Uvedales have 
refused either to finde a Curate to say Service in the said Chappell 
or to pay the said five pounds a yeare and yet it appeareth by 
the depp’sicon of John Lauwarren examined in the spirituall 
Courte that one Mr. Thomas Uvedalle beinge owner of the said 
Manner and Rectory of Horton sent a Mynister to say prayers at 
Woodland when one Shorte dwelt there, and that the said Short 
sayde hee would pay the said Mr. Uvedale noe Tythes unles hee 
would provide a mynister to Say prayers at Woodlands whoe there 
upon sent one Rousdall to say prayers there Soe as this Courte 
is of Cleere opinion that the said five pounds a yeare ought to be 
payd to the owners of the said Manner or Capitall House of 
Woodlands towards the fyndinge and mayntenaunce of a Curate 
to say divine service in the Chappell there and therefore it is 
ordered and decreed by this Courte that the said Defendants there 
heires and assignes shall from henceforth severally for ever 
accordinge to there severall estates which they have in the said 
Cell and Rectory of Horton pay unto the said p’f his heires and 
assignes the said five pounds a yeare for the good purpose afore 
saide and this Courte doth think fitt and adviseth the p’f to keepe 
the said Chappell in good repare for the service of God as ytt 
was first intended-. 

113. North Brewham “Church.” — On the Ordnance map 
the site of an ancient church is indicated at Batt’s Farm, North 
Brewham. Collinson, (I. 221,) says, “There was formerly a 
chapel at Batt’s Farm in this parish, but at present there are no 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 


remains of any ecclesiastical edifice.” The building now used as 
a barn, and which appears to be known as the “old church,” 
although of mediaeval character, can scarcely have ever been 
intended for use as a place of worship. Doubtless it has long 
ago been decided by more competent to judge for what use it 
was originally intended, but I venture to suggest it may have 
been a Church House. Compare the illustration of a Church 
House at Lincoln, given at p. 234 of Abbot Gasquet’s Life 

in MedicBval England, (Methuen’s Antiquaries’ Books), igo6. On 
the following page he says the existence of a Church House was 
“ apparently almost universal ” in every parish. “ At Yatton in 
Somerset, in 1445, the people subscribed to the building of their 
house ; at Tintinhull, in the same county, one was completed in 
1497 ; but in 1531, another was erected to take the place of the 
older one, and Thomas, Prior of Montacute, helped the parish 
with a donation of twenty shillings.” H.W.U. 

114. PuRBECK Quarriers. — Hutchins describes the Com- 
pany of Marblers of Purbeck. Are there any other particulars 
published beyond those he mentions ? Are there in existence any 
old records of Membership If so, where are they preserved ? 

Geo. F. Vye. 

115. Cantlo Bestland. — I shall be glad to learn anything 

of Cantlo Bestland who was buried at Sturminster Marshall in 
1783, aged 56. Was he a relation of Hen. Bestland, Esq., who 
died at Dorchester 16 March, 1738, according to the Gentleman's 
Magazine ? James Cross. 

116. Colonel Nathaniel Whetham and the Manor 
OF Chard. — Since the note on Colonel Whetham in the June 
number of 5 . D. N. &> Q. was written, further investigation 
has disclosed an incident in his career which throws light on the 
history of Chard, and supplies an interesting example of the 
changes in ownership that land underwent during the eventful 
period of the Civil War and Commonwealth. 

The Parliament during the war, and the Government of the 
Commonwealth after it, were in dire straights for want of money. 
One of the expedients to which they resorted was the sale of the 
lands and other property belonging to Bishops, Deans and 
Chapters. Such estates, however, were not readily saleable. All 
landed property was depreciated in value, and the tenure of this 
particular class of land was felt to fail somewhat in security. In 
order to help the sale, it was decreed that anyone to whom the ' 
Parliament owed money for services rendered, that is to say, nearly 
every officer in the army, might count his arrears as half the 
purchase money towards the value of these estates, provided that 
the other half was paid in cash. 


Somerset &■ Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

In the Public Record Office (Close Roll 3415, 24 Charles I. 
Part 23) will be found an Indenture made January 3rd, 1648/9, 
between Sir John Wollaston, knight, and the other commissioners 
for the sale of Bishops’ lands of the one part, and Nathaniel 
Whetham of London, Esq^®- of the other part. By this deed the 
commissioners sell to Colonel Whetham the Lordship and Manor 
of Chard and Borough of Chard in the County of Somerset, and 
also the rents of assize, free rents, burgage rents, customary or 
copyhold rents, etc. 

The purchase price was 9s. 6d., one half to be taken 

as paid in accordance with ordinance of Parliament and the other 
half to be paid within six months. A list of the lands and buildings 
follows, the total area being about seven hundred acres. As the 
names used for the various fields at that time may be of interest, 
they are tabulated at the end of this note. 

Colonel Whetham seems to have visited Chard at intervals 
during the next few years, and to have made his home at the old 
Manor house in the main street of Chard. He cannot however 
have lived there long together, as he was Governor of Portsmouth 
from 1649 to 1655, when he went to Scotland as commissioner. 
He also sat as a member in the Parliaments of 1654, 

1658. He returned to Portsmouth as Governor in 1659, but he 
visited Chard in April, 1660, and wrote to Monk from there “that 
he found all his business in a very bad posture.” 

After the Restoration the Manor of Chard reverted to its 
former owner, the Bishop of Bath and Wells. We learn particulars 
of the transfer from a Chancery suit between Colonel Whetham 
and John, Lord Paulet, who took a lease of the Manor from the 
Bishopric. (Chancery depositions 1668, Collins 201/33). The 
bishop granted the lease to Lord Paulet during three lives for the 
consideration of ;^5ooo, ;^4ooo of which was to be paid to the 
Bishop and ;^ioooto Colonel Whetham “for his good service done 
to his now Majesty.” This refers to the part played by Colonel 
Whetham, when he, and his garrison of Portsmouth, supported 
Monk in upholding the Parliament against the chiefs of the army 
in December, 1659. Lord Paulet contended that the payment 
of the £1000 was to be also conditional on Colonel Whetham’s 
signing a release of his interest in the Manor and Borough of 
Chard. Colonel Whetham seems to have been advised that by 
doing so he would become liable for a large sum to those tenants 
to whom he had given leases with a guarantee of a valid title. 
He therefore refused to sign the release, and, on notice being 
given in the parish church of a Manor court to be held by Lord 
Paulet, he rose in his seat and stated to the assembled congre- 
gation that he never had and never would sign such a release. In 
1668 he brought an action against Lord Paulet to recover the 
£1000, with what result the depositions do not show. 

Colonel Whetham was buried at the parish church of Chard 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 175 

on September 16th, 1668. Both his widow and his two sons left 
the neighbourhood. 

Trinity College, Cambridge. W. C. D. Whetham. 

or Fur 

ordes le 

Description of property. 

Cappitall mesuage or mancon house, etc. 

Three closes of pasture ground, called Snowdens 
Close of pasture ground, called Three Corner Close 
Hannton Wood .. 

Middle Chard Wood 
Stentway Pitt 
Lower Somerfield. . 

Higher Sommerfield 
Great Chard wood . . 

Carridge Wood . . 

Quarrie Close 
Lower Green Close 
Higher Green Close 

Five closes called Southen Wood 
Close or parcell of small wood ground 
Three acres called Kings Pittes. . 

Parcell of meade called Cranell meade 
Three parcells of ground called Three 
Winters leases 
Great Parke Meade 
Blackhill meade . . 

Blackhill close 

Four closes called Holbearde 
Six pieces of ground called Montway 
Nether Parke meade 
New meade 
Page Meade 

Two closes called Gould close . . 

meade and venefitt meade 

Crowell meade 
Burges meade 

Papston house, outhouses and meadow ground 
Four closes or parcells of inclosed ground called Berg 
Two parcells of meadow ground called Millhurst 
Parke Meade 

Two parcells of meadow ground called the Bew 
That other parcell of meadow ground called the Bew 
Darke meade 
Champnies meade 
Messuage with plot of ground used as garden called the 
Clarkes house and garden 

Two parcells of ground called Woodwards Breaselands 
Meadow ground called Mastcroft 
Two closes called Breach landes 
One acre of meadow ground 
Four closes called Burges Beach landes 
Wagwayies meadow 
Five closes called Drakes Brish landes 
Six closes of arable land called Brockholdes 
Smith Cantes close 
Saltcroft close 

Estimated area. 

3 acres 

30 .. 

9 .. 

24 „ 

28 „ 

16 .. 


12 ,, 


19 .. 

19 .. 

13 » 

11 ,• 

27 „ 

21 ,, 

14 M 

22 ,, 

6 „ 

40 M 
9 M 

12 „ 

5 .. 


16 ,, 

18 „ 

7 ,, 2 roods 


4 .. 

3 .. 

h .. 

I •> 

4 M 

4 M 
3 •. 

5 .. 

10 ,, 

3 .. 

5 .. 

10 ,, 

2 „ 

8 „ 

12 ,, 

I M 

13 M 

18 „ 

5 .. 

I >> 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries, 

Description of Property. 

Deane croft close 

Close of pasture ground called Beare with plott of meadow 
ground called Stringmeade lying in the common 

Seven closes called Bignes 

Parcell of meadow ground in a meade called Broad meade 
House with three parcells of ground called Waterleake 
Legg Cantes close 
Two meadows called Shere combes 
Carnewell meadow 
Four closes called Northfields . . 

Four meadows of meadow grounds called long 
Sercombes close 
Sherewood meade 
Northen meade 

Five closes called farton Woods 
Two closes called Millers lea 
Cranwell meadow 
Woodlake meadow 
Two closes called luthold 
Four acres of arable ground 
That other meadow called luthold 

Estimated Area, 

















2 roods 

and also all and singular the messuages cottages toftes croftes houses edifices 
buildings barnes stables dovehouses and other outhouses gardens orchards yards 
curtillages landes tenements demesne lands customarie and copyhold lands mea- 
dows pastures feedings commons or grounds used for common moores heathes 
furzes woods underwoods tymber trees and other trees waters fishing warrens rents 
reversion services Courtes leete Courtes Baron viewes of Franckpledge fynes 
yssues amerciaments perquisites and profits of the said courts wards heriotts 
releifes escheates forfeitures Wayfes estraies goods and chattells of Felons and 
fugitives felons of themselves faires markets tolls the toll of beastes sould at St 
James’ Faire to be kept in the parish of Chard aforesaid customes custome- 
workes rights royalties jurisdictions franchises liberties priviledges immunities 
wayes passages easiaments profitts commodities advantages emoluments 
possessions and hereditaments whatsoever belonging to or in any wise apper- 
teyning to or accepted reputed known or taken as part parcell or member of the 
said lordship and mannor of Chard or Borough of Chard aforesaid 

117. WiTHAM Friary Boundaries and Place Names. 
(IX. 108, 346, X. 22, 59.) — With reference to my footnote (4) on 
p. 61, as to the origin of Humbiirna, perhaps the indulgent 
Editors will allow me to give the following extracts from the late 
Thomas William Shore’s “ Origin of the Anglo-Saxon Race ” 1906. 

P. 323. “There are in Yorkshire old place-names which point directly to 
Frisians. . . It is probable there was a very early colony of Frisians in this 

district (i.e. Holderness adjoining the Humber). , . Holdemess had an 

alternative name, that of Emmertland, and among the ancient river names of 
the northern part of Old Saxony or Frisia was the Emmer or Ambra, which we 
now call the Ems. Along the course of this river the tribal Ambrones, or 
people of the Emisga pagus, lived. . . From the consideration of all the 

circumstantial evidence connected with them and with Holderness, the settle- 
ment of Frisians of this old tribe at an early date near the mouth of the Humber 
is practically certain. It was from this tribe that in all probability the Humber 
received its name, after that of the Ambra in their own country." 

(The italics are not in the book.) 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 177 

P. 348. “The old name of the river Ems, as already mentioned, -was 
Emmer or Ambra ; the country near the Humber was Ymbraland, and an old 
Continental tribe called the Ymbre is mentioned in the ‘ Traveller’s Song.’ . . 

In Derbyshire there is, or was, a river named the Amber, from which Amber- 
gate takes its name. The thirteenth-century records show also that there was 
a place named Ambresbur’ in Derbyshire, and another of the same name in 
Nottinghamshire. These old names and the circumstances mentioned appear 
to denote that the settlements of the tribe called Arabrones extended to some 
parts of these counties.” 

P. 386. “ The ancient name Ombersley in Worcestershire, whose early 

settlers are called Ombersetena, is as old as the Saxon period. These people, 
whose name has come down to us in the genitive plural, are probably the same 
as the Ymbras or Ambrones — i.e. the tribe of Old Saxons south of the Humber. 
This colony of them in Worcestershire was probably a migration from their dis- 
trict on the Amber river in Derbyshire, from Nottinghamshire or Lincolnshire, 
along the Roman roads that passed from Chesterfield through Lichfield into 
Worcestershire. They apparently gave their new settlement the same name, 
which some of the tribe had brought from the Ambra River in Old Saxony.” 

P. 288. “Among the Domesday places mentioned in Suffolk are 
Humbresfelda. . , Humbresfelda apparently refers to settlers of the tribal 

Ambrones or Old Saxons from the country along the ancient Ambra or Ems ” 


118. St. Mary’s Church, Wootton Glanville, Dorset. 
We are able to provide a view of the church of Wootton Glan- 
ville on this occasion, from a recent photograph. It is taken 
from the North East, thus displaying the new chancel, re-built 
1875-6, and the Decorated Chantry Chapel, erected in the 
14th century. The latter is the chief feature of interest in 
the building, and is an excellent specimen of flint-work with 
Ham-stone dressings, and is lighted by three Decorated win- 
dows, the tracery of each being of different designs. It opens 
into the nave by a doorway, and also by a wide-spreading arch. 
A Hagioscope, of unusual size, will arrest the attention of the 
visitor. The Chantry was founded (or according to Hutchins, 
re-founded) by Sbylla Glanville, 18 Edw. HI., 1344, and en- 
dowed by her with the Manor of Forston, in Charminster, and 
with a messuage and lands in Wootton Glanville. 

A fuller account of this church, by the Dorset Editor of 
S. & D. N. Q., may be read in the Proceedings of the Dorset 
Field Club for 1900, vol. xxi., p. 210. 

119. The Chafe-Chafy-Chafie, &c., Genealogy. — Our 
former subscriber, Mr. W. H. Chaffee, informs us that this work, 
begun in 1883, and now nearing publication, will contain not only 
a full account of all those who bear, under the various styles of 
orthography, this surname in the United States, but the lineages 
received from England and Canada, together with their bio- 
graphies, and will shortly be issued with abstract copies of Wills 
from Somerset House, London, besides records of early Mar- 
riages, Births and Deaths, obtained from several Parish Registers 
in Somerset, Dorset and Devon in this country. The price, 8vo. 



Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

cloth, pp. 600-700, illustrated, with indexes of names of persons 
and places, will be £2 net. Address, William H. Chaffee, 43-45, 
North Street, New York City, U.S.A. Mr. Chaffee informs us 
that there is a strong probability that Thomas Chaffe, the emi- 
grant in 1635, was born in one of the three counties mentioned, 
but he would much appreciate proof positive of the fact, if any 
of our readers could supply it. 

The Editors. 

120. Hassard, or Hazzard, of Lyme Regis. — The fol- 
lowing entries are copied from the registers of the parish church 
of Colyton, Devon, relating to the family of Hassard, or Hazzard, 
of Lyme Regis, Dorset, 

1579. ffrancis Hazzard the sonne of Robart Hazzard of Street- 

hen was borne the xvi daye of Auguste and christened 
the xxii daye of Auguste. 

1580. John Hazzarde the sonne of Robart Hazard of Streaton 

was borne the vi dave of December and christened the 
xviii of December. 

1581. Robart Hazzard and Peter Hazzard children of Mr. 

Robert Hazzard of Streethen were borne the xxiii daye 
of ffebruarie and christened the xxvii daye of ffebruarie. 
1583. ffrancis Hazzard the sonne of Robart Hazzard of Lyme 
Regis was buried the xxiiii daye of September. 

Will of John Hassard, Proved P.C.C. John Hassard of 
Kings Lyme co. Dorset : the elder : merchant : to the church 
of St. Michael in Lyme : Sir Rob^- Palfrey Vicar of Lyme : my 

son Robt- Hassard : my daurs Mary : Alice and Temperance : 
my brother John Hassard the younger : my wife Agnes sole 
exix : Overseers Will™- Poole esq. : John Mallocke gent : John 
Strobridge of Strethan gent : John Hawie of Coliton : Henry 
Snowe and Rich^- Buckford of Kingslyme. 

Dated 29 Aug. 1558, pr. 4 Oct. 1558. 50 Noodes. 

This John Hassard is probably the father of the Robert 
Hassard the baptisms of whose sons are given above. He was 
born 1498 being son of Robert Hassard M.P. for Lyme, and was 
Mayor of Lyme 1550-1556- 1 557 * 

A. J. P. Skinner. 

121. Sampson, of Hawkchurch, Dorset. — In Colyton 
Church, Devon, is the following Inscription on a Marble tablet 
on the north side of the tower. Arms on a shield at the top : — 
Azure, a cross moUne argent : impaling. Argent, two bars gules, on a 
chief of the last three mullets of the field. 

In Memory of 

John Sampson esq., who died July 18*^ 1780 
aged 87. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


Samuel Taner of Crealey in the parish of 
Farringdon in this County esqr.) who died 
Feb. 5^11 1764 aged 74. 

Also of Anne their daughter who died 
Oct. 7^^ 1749 aged 21. 

Also of Anne the wife of Samuel Sampson 
of the borough of Chard in the County of 
Somerset gent their youngest son 
who died February 4^^ 1780 aged 49 
Also of the said Samuel Sampson 
who died the Dec. 1788 
Aged 62. 

This monument was erected by the said 
Samuel Sampson the executor of the said 
John Sampson 1781. 

From the parish registers of Colyton Church : — 

1749. Ann daughter of John Sampson esqr. buried October 
1764. Mrs, Mary Sampson buried February ye 

1779. Anne the wife of Mr. Samuel Sampson of Chard died the 

4th of February and was buried of the same month. 

1780. John Sampson esqr. died ye i8‘^ of July and was buried 

the 2 1 St of the same month. 

1788. Mr. Samuel Sampson was buried Deer. 17^^. 

The family of Sampson settled in Colyton in the sixteenth 
century coming from Hawkchurch co. Dorset as shown by the 
following entries taken from the registers of Colyton parish 
church : — 

1554. Thomas Sampson of Ilawkechurche was wedded unto 
Margaret Morrice widdowe sometyme wyef of John 
Morrice of Colyton the xxviii. daye of Januarye. 

1570. Gregorie Sampson of Colyton son of Nycholas Sampson 
of Hawkechurche was weddied unto Alice Loflande 
daughter of Nicholas Loflande of Colyton the thyrd daye 
of Julye. 

The descendants are still landowners in the parish of Coly- 
ton. A. J. P. Skinner. 

122. Somerset and Dorset Inscriptions in Salisbury 
Cathedral, continued. (X. 127). — 

On West Wall of the Nave, north of West Door. 


D’Aubigny Turbervile M.D. et Annae uxoris carissimse 
Haec stemmate Religione spectabili prognata, 

Jacobi Ford Ecclesiae de Hawkchurch Dorcestrias Comitatu 
Pastoris Vigilantissimi, Filia ; 

Optimo Marito Uxor optima, 

Cui Pietas, Prudentia, aliaeq’ omnes Virtutes 
Pari jure summeq’ dilectse. 


Somerset cS* Dorset Notes Queries. 

iLLE EX utraq’ Prosapia illustri pariter et antiqua oriundus 
Weyfordre Agro Somersetensi natus, 

Dei Cultor sincerus et assiduus, Egenis largus, Universis 
amicus facete comis, et Beneficus ; 

Deniq^ grande probitatis exemplar emicuit : 

Caeterum opthalmr^: scientia adeo prscelluit 
Ut IPSE solus ab Omni terrarum parte 
pulchre notus fuerit et Celebratus 
cujus fama, hoc marmore perennior nunquam peribit. 

■ HiEC xvto Decembris 'I 
anno aetatis su^ lxxiii“° j 
ILLE xxi° Aprilis 
anno aetatis Ixxxv^o 

Ob nostram omnium sortem legendam, 
quali fruebamur, dum enituit vivus, 
quanto priuamur, cum infra jacet extinctus 
Solus Oculorum ^Esculapius. 

Naturae concesserunt 



Arms ; Erm. a lion ramp gu. crowned or {Turhervih, of 
Bere, Dorset) impaling, Per fess arg. and sa. in chief a greyhound 
courant sa. in base an owl or. 

On a Brass against the South Wall, in Old English Characters, 

To the Glory of God and in loving Memory of 
Alan Wyldbore Bosworth Smith 
Lieutenant in the Royal Navy 
Second son of Reginald Bosworth and Flora Smith 
of Bingham’s Melcombe, Dorset, 
born at Harrow-on-the-Hill April 13^11 1870 
who on September i8th 1901, while H.iM.S. Cobra of which he 

[was in command 

was breaking up in a storm 
remained standing on the bridge 
with arms folded to the last, and went down with his vessel. 

“ I will Fear no evil.” 

Mine own will I bring again from the depths of the sea. 

On Floor of North West Transept. 

Here Lies the Body of 
Anne Dear, widow, who 
dyed Wednesday the 27^^ 
of April Anno D’ni 1720 
Aged 71 (?75). 

The most Famous Mistress 
in the west of England 
for well Edvcating and 
Instructing young Ladys 
and Gentlewoman. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. i8i 


123. The Victoria History of the Counties of Eng- 
land. — Somerset. Vol. I., pp. xxv. + 537; price £1 us. 6d. 
London, Archibald Constable & Co., Ld. 

A handsome quarto volume bound in red cloth is this first 
instalment of the new History of the County of Somerset. It is 
“ inscribed to the memory of Her Late Majesty Queen Victoria 
who graciously gave the title to and accepted the dedication” of 
the entire work. The following remarks must be accepted rather 
as a notice than a review, as sufficient time has not yet elapsed 
for the careful perusal of such a large book. 

The present volume consist of chapters on the Natural His- 
tory of the county, including Geology by H. B. Woodward, 
F.R.S., Palaeontology by R. Lydekker, F.R.S., Botany by the 
Rev. R. P. Murray. F.L.S., and others. Zoology by B. B. 
Woodward, F.L.S., Lt.-Col. Linley Blathwayt, F.L.S., A. E. 
Hudd, F.S.A., and others. Early Man by W. Boyd Dawkins, 
F.R.S., Romano-British Somerset by F. J. Haverfield, F.S.A., 
Anglo-Saxon Remains by R. A. Smith, F.S.A., Introduction to the 
Somerset Domesday by J. H. Round, LL.D., and the Text 
of the Somerset Domesday with the Geld Inquest by the Rev. E. 
H. Bates, M.A. There are a large number of excellent illustra- 
tions, including thirty-eight full page plates, and there are eight 
two-page maps, entitled Geological Maps of East and West 
Somerset, Orographical Map, Botanical Map, Pre-Historical 
Map, Roman Map, Anglo-Saxon Map and Domesday Map. 

The names of the contributors are a guarantee that the 
various subjects are treated by those who are the most competent 
persons in England to deal with each separate branch of history : 
in fact, the Victoria History is the first book of its kind, at any 
rate the first book on so large a scale, which is written from first 
to last by experts, herein lies its principal value. 

When Collinson wrote his history in 1790 — a truly wonder- 
ful work when we consider at how early an age the author was 
taken away — he had 690 subscribers who between them took 820 
copies, and we hope that it will be found that interest in the his- 
tory of the County has increased rather than diminished in the 
intervening 116 years. It was originally intended to issue five 
volumes for Somerset at a cost of 6 guineas, but the latest pro- 
spectus announces that it has been decided that an extra final 
volume is necessary, owing to the great length of the text : this 
extra volume will be presented free of charge to subscribers. 
There will also be a Genealogical Volume, not included in the 
above set, which will be separately priced, and which can be 
bought by itself. 

Our space prevents us giving a list of contributors to future 
volumes ; suffice it to say that the Ecclesiastical History is in 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes Qiuries. 

the able hands of Canon T. Scott Holmes ; while the Topo- 
graphical Accounts of Parishes and IManors will be undertaken 
by the Rev. E. H. Bates, who has shown by his previous work 
that this portion of the history will be accurately and adequately 


124. Somerset Parish Registers. — IMarriages, Vol. VII., 
edited by W. P. W. Phillimore, M.A., B.C.L., and H. W. Seager, 
M.B., iqo6. 

With the issue of this volume the marriage entries of fifty- 
nine parishes in the County have been laid open to genealogists. 
The value of this work has been much enhanced by the fact that 
not only are the contents of each volume derived from the same 
Rural Deanery, but that neighbouring Deaneries have been taken 
in order. Volumes I. and II. come from Ilchester Deanery, III , 
IV. and V. from Crewkerne and Ilminster, VI. from Bridgwater, 
while VII. and another volume even now in the press are devoted 
to Taunton Deanery. By this arrangement it is possible to trace 
the movements of families in the course of centuries as a sur- 
name ceases from one volume to appear in another. When the 
series eventually spreads over even larger areas, counties and 
divisions as old as the heptarchy [not to be taken literally], we 
may be able to study the gradual evolution of the surname. It 
is easy to account for fashions in personal names : a change of 
dynasty, a new book of poetry, even the events of a national war, 
may provide a fresh series and oust the old names. But how 
does mankind manage to drop the peculiar surnames of the six- 
teenth century, and to have a perfectly different set by the end of 
the eighteenth } The old surnames, as far as can be seen, simply 
fade away. Does this point to some unknown act of race suicide, 
and to the intrusion of a foreign stock, such as may be witnessed 
in many quarters of the East End at the present time 7 

Vol. VII. contains the marriage entries of nine parishes in the 
east and south of Taunton Deane. Though primarily of interest 
to the inhabitants of each village, before the passing of Lord 
Plardwicke’s Act in 1753 any register may supply the entry of a 
marriage, though neither party had any connection with that 
parish. It is of interest to note that the Orchard Portman book 
contains the marriages of divers ‘ Mistress Portman,’ which shows 
that the head of the family for the time being either preferred the 
ceremony to take place in the church instead of his own mansion, 
or took care that the proper entry was made in the register. 
In consequence of the fashion to have the clergyman up to the 
big house, the marriages of the gentry are often omitted alto- 
gether. It is to be hoped that sufficient support will be extended 
to the series to enable the editors to carry out their desire to 
issue the volumes annually. A. 

Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries. 183 

125. — The Old Stone Crosses of Dorset, with an in- 
troduction and descriptive articles by Alfred Pope, original 
member of the Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field 
Club ; Solicitor to the Supreme Court; J.P. for Dorset. Illus- 
trated with numerous plates and a key-map of the county. Lon- 
don : Printed at the Chiswick Press, and sold by Henry Ling, 
Dorchester, 1906. All rights reserved. Qto. Pp. xiv.-f-i45, 
with 34 photogravures, and a map. 

Everyone who loves Dorset (and where can he be found who 
has not felt its subtile charm if his lot in life has brought him 
within its range) must rejoice at the copious literature bearing on 
the County which has recently been given to the world. Not 
least among these welcome volumes is the handsome quarto pro- 
duced by Mr. Alfred Pope on the Old Crosses of Dorset, who has 
treated of over 60 of these interesting memorials of a by-gone 
age, and illustrated his narrative by fine Photogravures of the 
most remarkable examples. The descriptions given are clear 
and exact, and at the same time free from unnecessary verbiage. 
It is a great merit in Mr. Pope’s style, that it avoids that striving 
a'ter picturesque writing which by too many authors is made a 
cloak to cover a want of facts and poverty of ideas. 

Mr. Pope tells us in his introduction that in Dorset he has 
only been able to discover the fragments of one cross “which can 
have any pretentions of being of Saxon times. This, which has 
been much over restored, and is fully described in this work, may 
be seen in the churchyard at Todbere. The others are for the 
most part of a type erected in the 14th and 15th centuries, viz. : 
a calvary of from two to five steps, a socket stem, into which is 
leaded an octagonal or square shaft, surmounted with a plain 
Latin cross, or a niched canopy or tabernacle upon which would 
oe fixed a Latin cross of smaller dimensions.” 

Mr. Pope -calls attention to an interesting observation that 
crosses in Dorset appear to follow certain well defined tracks, 
viz.: those connecting the principal religious houses, such as the 
abbeys of Shaftesbury, Milton and Cerne ; but should not this 
fact be ascribed to the Monks themselves rather than to the 
Preaching Friars 

We gratefully thank Mr. Pope for undertaking this valuable 
local work. It is produced in the excellent style which Messrs. 
C. Whittingham and Co., of the Chiswick Press, have made their 
own, and the Photogravures leave nothing to be desired. 


126. Records of the Dorset Imperial Yeomanry. 
1894-1905. Edited by Captain M. F. Gage, 7th Dragoon 
Guards. Sherborne : F. Bennett, The Parade, 1906. Qto. Pp. 
[4] -f-iv+265, with 28 illustrations and a map. 

The present year has s,een the issue of a second volume of 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes & Queries 

Records of the Dorset Imperial Yeomanry, covering the period of 
eleven years, viz., 1894-1905, — the former, by Col. C. W.Thomp- 
son, occupying the ground from the first muster of the regiment 
to the end of 1893. This volume, edited by Captain M. F. Gage, 
is especially interesting, as it contains, in Part II., the operations 
of the Company which served in the South African War, 1900- 
1901, as part of the 7th Battalion of Imperial Yeomanry under the 
command of Col. Helyar, late of 3rd Hussars. Part I. comprises 
the annals of the regiment since 1894. arrest the 

attention of the general reader, as it treats of the Uniform of the 
force at various periods of its history. In addition to these three 
sections there are copious appendices. 

The volume is printed in a style which does great credit to 
the Sherborne local press. It contains a map of the seat of war 
in South Africa, visited by the Dorset Company, numerous half- 
tone illustrations, chiefly portraits, and thirteen coloured illustra- 
tions, showing the uniforms. 

A book of this kind should foster the martial and patriotic 
feelings of the inhabitants of Dorset, — a matter of vital import- 
ance, as in the event of a foreign invasion every available person 
in a maritime district, like our own, would be called upon to take 
up arms. 


127. For American Travellers. Historic Sites and 
Scenes of England. Demy 8vo. Pp. iv-l-172. 3d. 

South Wales. The Country of Castles. Pp. 160. 3d. 

The Cornish Riviera. Our National Health and 
Pleasure Resort. Pp. 152. 3d. 

North Wales. The British Tyrol. Pp. viii-fi68, 3d. 

Southern Ireland. Its Lakes and Landscapes. Pp. 
136. 3d. 

Rural London. The Western Borderlands of the 
Metropolis. Pp. 72. id. 

We have been favoured by the Great Western Railway Com- 
pany with several nicely printed handbooks, to be obtained from 
Paddington Station, London, of which the titles are given above, 
designed to introduce to travellers the beauties of Wales, South- 
ern Ireland, Cornwall, and other parts of England, which are in 
touch with their Railway System. They contain numerous illustra- 
tions, some taken from old prints, others from the scenery of to- 
day, — a readable letter-press, and a mine of information requisite 
for tourists. When the coming summer stirs the hybernating 
tripper to renewed activity, the latter may derive some useful 
hints from these handy guides. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 185 

128. Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Dorset. (VIII. 
pp. 185,233, 281, 329, IX.pp. 49, 96, 145, 193, 241, 289, 337, X. 
pp. 41, 66, 97)-— 

No. 1 2 1. Robert de Birsgbatn* 

Inquisition made before the King’s escheator at Dorchester 
25 August, 31 Edw. I [1303] of the lands and tenements which 
were of Robert de Bingham^, by the oath of Henry Shyrard, Richard 
Kanketere, John Emmory, Walter Crawezon, John de Weye, John 
Warfoghel, William de Ekinton, William Jitrdan, Michael le Mazon^ 
William le Whyte, John de Halewelle and Ralph de Bingham, who 
say that 

The said Robert held of the King in chief on the day that he 
died a certain tenement in Weststaford in co. Dorset by the service 
of half a knight’s fee as of the manor of Weye Bayose which said 
manor the King acquired of the heirs of Stephen de Bayose, and 
paying therefore yearly per ann. at the said manor at the feast of 
St. Michael 6d. 

There is there a capital messuage with a garden and the ease- 
ments of the houses which is worth per ann. 4s. There are there 
80 a. of arable land which are worth per ann. 20s., price of the 
acre 3d. ; also 6 a. of meadow which are worth per ann. 6s., price 
of the acre i2d. There is there i common pasture which is worth 
per ann. 4s. Sum 34s. 

There are there free tenants of whom Agnes Godejray holds 
I tenement and pays per ann. at the 4 principal terms of the year 
by equal portions 3s. for all service. Cristina Nykeres holds ano- 
ther tenement and pays per ann. at the same terms 4s. and she 
owes suit at court. Sum 7s. 

There are there 4 customars each of whom holds i messuage 
and 8 a. of land and pays per ann. at the said terms 2s. 8d., and 
each of them ought to work in autumn and the work of teach is 
worth 6d. 

There are there 6 cottars one of whom pays per ann. at the 
said terms by equal portions i8d. ; and one nays per ann. at the 
said terms i2d; and one pays per ann. at the said terms 13d.; 
and one pays i2d., and one pays 6d., and one pays lod. The 4 
customars ought to give 4 hens at the Nativity of the Lord and 
they are worth 4d, Sum 18s. iid. 

Sum of the whole extent 6 is. 3d. 

The pleas and perquisites are worth per ann. 2s. Richard de 
Bingham son of Robert de Bingham ]\m\or likewise deceased is the 
grandson or nephew (nepos) and next heir of the said Robert and 
is aged 22 years and more. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 31 Edw. i. n. 181. 

No. 122. Richard de Byngham. 

Inquisition taken befbre the King’s escheator at Dorchester 

1 86 Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries, 

on Saturday next before the feast of St. Edmund the King, II. 
Edw. 2 [1317] of the lands and tenements of 
by the oath of William de Saleshury, John Crybbe, Thomas de 
Bonevyle, Henry de la Haulle, Henry de Okerdene, John Gervas, 
Richard de Weye, John de Helton, Richard de Croxton, Walter 
Padel, Henry de Wynterbourne and Roger Gos, who say that 

Richard de Byngham held of the King in Chief on the day 
that he died a certain tenement in West Staford in co. Dorset 
by the service of half a knight’s fee as of the manor of Waye Bay- 
house which said Manor the lord King E. father of the now King 
acquired of the heirs of Stephen de Bayhose. 

There is there a capital messuage with a garden and easement 
of the houses which is worth per ann. 4s. There are there 80 a. of 
arable land which are worth per ann. 20s., price of the acre 3d. ; 
also 6a. of meadow which are worth per ann. 6s., price of the 
acre i2d. There is there a several pasture which is worth per 
annum 4s. There are there 2 free tenants who pay per ann. 
7s. id. at the 4 principal terms of the year by equal portions. 
Also five customars, each of whom holds half a virgate of land, 
paying per ann. 5s. at the said terms. Also 2 customars each of 
whom holds i farandell of land, paying per ann. 2s. iid. at the 
said terms. Each of the said customars ought to work every day 
from the Gule of August up to the feast of St. Michael, Sundays 
and festival days excepted, and those works with other small 
works are worth 26s. There are there 3 cottars who pay per ann. 
4s., and each of them ought to raise the lord’s hay and make i 
“ hamrik ” and those works are worth gd. Also 2 free tenants 
who hold for the term of their lives certain lands and tenements, 
paying by the year 4s. 8d. at the 4 principal terms of the year. 
Each of the said customars owes yearly of chersete 4 hens, which 
are worth 2s. 4d., price of the hen id. The pleas and perquisites 
of the court there are worth per ann. 2s. 

The said Richard de Byngham held certain lands and tene- 
ments in Nythermellecombe on the day that he died of Ralph 
Basset of Drayton by the service of i knight’s fee. 

There is there a certain capital messuage with a garden and the 
easement of the houses which is worth per annum 5s. There are 
there 100 a. of arable land which are worth per ann. 50s., price of 
the acre 6d. ; also 10 a. of meadow which are worth per ann. los., 
price of the acre i2d. There is there a certain several pasture 
which is worth per ann. 5s. There is there i free tenant who 
pays per ann. i pair of gloves at the feast of St. Michael, price id. 
There are there 3 customars each of whom holds i messuage with 
a curtilage, paying per ann. 13d. Each of them shall do small 
works which are worth per ann. i2d. The pleas and perquisites 
of the court there are worth per ann. 3s. 

The said Richard de Byngham also held certain lands and 
tenements of Hugh ... in Wollocomb P ... by the 
service of the 3rd part of a knight’s fee. 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 


There is there a capital messuage with a garden and ease- 
ment of houses which are worth per ann. 4s. There are there 
120 a. of arable land, which are worth per ann. 40s., price of the 
acre 4d. ; also 12 a. of meadow which are worth per ann. los., 
price of the acre i2d. ; also 8 a. of wood which are worth per ann. 

2s worth per ann. 3s. There are there 4 cottars who 

pay per ann. 4s. at 4 terms of the year. The said cottars among 
themselves shall do small works which are worth per ann. 6s. 
The pleas and perquisites of the court there are worth per ann. 
2s. The said Richard de Byngham demised all the said lands and 
tenements in Wollacomb to John de Brockeshale for the term of 7 
years, except the wood there. 

Robert {?) de Byngham son of the said Richard is his next heir 
and is aged 22 years and more. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. II. Edw. 2. n. 51. 

No. 123. Robert Byngham and ffiargaret his wife* 

Inquisition taken at Stourmynstre Neweton castell in co. 
Dorset on Saturday next before the feast of All Saints, 10 Hen. 

6 [1431] before Walter Pauncefot the King’s escheator in the said 
county, by the oath of Thomas Mansion, John Free, John Kynge, 
John Scotte, William Skynner, John Gohet, William Brimshill, (.^) 
John Smyth, William Bayllebyn, Richard Thorne, John Gaunt and 
John Gerveys, who say that 

Robert Byngham did not hold any lands or tenements in de- 
mesne or of service of the King in chief on the day that he died, 
but he held jointly enfeoffed with Margaret his wife of Robert 
Turges, the manor of Melcomb Byngham by knight’s service, viz. 
by the service of i knights fee as of his manor of Up Melcomb, 
and it is worth per ann., clear, loos. 

He also held jointly with the said Margaret i toft and 40 a. of 
land in Melcomb Byngham of the said Robert Turges, by knight’s 
service and by the yearly rent of id. to be paid at the feast of St. 
Michael and by suit at his court of Upmelcomb : which said toft 
and land are worth per ann., clear, 20s. : which said manor, toft 
and land the said Robert and Margaret lately held of the gift and 
grant of John Mason, rector of the Church of Long Chiselborne 
and John Maylard rector of the Church of Nyther Melcomb by 
the name of all his lands, tenements, meadows, pastures, feedings, 
rents and reversions in Overmelcombe and Nethermelcombe : to 
hold to the said Robert and Margaret and the heirs of the body of 
the said Robert ; and for default, the remainder thereof to the 
right heirs of the said Robert for ever, as by the charter of the ' 
said John Mason and John Maylard dated 22 February, 8 Hen. 6 
[1430] more fully appears. 

The said Robert Byngham also held jointly with Margaret his 
wife I messuage, i carucate of land, 6 a. of meadow, 10 a. of 


Somerset &* Dorset Notes Queries. 

wood and 6o a. of pasture in Wolcombe Byngham, of John Typtoft, 
knight, by knight’s service, viz. by the service of the loth part of 
a knight fee, and they are worth per ann., clear, £ 6 . 

He and the said Margaret also held 5 messuages, 100 a. of 
land, 10 a. of meadow and 100 a. of pasture in West Staford, of 
Robert Tredosa and John Frampton of Dorchester, by knight’s ser- 
vice, viz. by the service of half a knights fee and suit at his court 
of Weybayhouse as of their manor of Weybayhouse, and they are 
worth per ann., clear, loos., all which said premises in Melcomb 
Byngham and Weyebayhouse the said Robert Byngham and Mar- 
garet lately had of the gift and enfeoffment of the said John Mason 
and John Maylard : to hold to them and the heirs of the body of 
the said Robert ; and for default, the remainder thereof to the 
right heirs of the said Robert Byngham for ever, as by their char- 
ter dated 23 March, 9 Hen. 6 [1431] is more fully witnessed. 

Robert Byngham died on Friday in Easter week last past; 
John Byngham is his son and next heir and is aged ii years and 
more. Chan. Inq. p.m. 10 Hen. 6 n. 17. 

No. 124. Richard Byngham* 

Inquisition taken at Shirborne 12 October, 21 Edw. 4 [1481] 
before John Thornbury the King’s escheator in co. Dorset, after 
the death of Richard Byngham, by the oath of Johi Fauntleroy, 
junior, William Wheteley, Richard Bahcary, Richard Sparowe, 
Walter Sogge, John Levereghe, Thomas Fote, Hugh Garthe, Henry 
Alford, Robert Breme, Andrew Wodelane and Richard Colowe, who 
say that 

Richard Byngham did not hold any lands or tenements of the 
King in chief in his demesne as in service in the said county on 
the day that he died, but long before his death the said Richard 
was seised in his demesne as of fee of the manor of Nether- 
melcombe in the said county, and i messuage and 100 a. of 
land in Overmelcombe in the said county, and so seised, by 
charter granted and confirmed the same to William Frampton, 
Hugh Turbervile, Robert Turbervile, and Thomas Porter rector of 
the church of Longcheselborn : to hold to them and their heirs 
for ever. The said manor and other the premises are held of 
Richard Turgys by knights service and are worth per ann., clear, 

The said Richard Byngham was also seised in his demesne as 
of fee of the manors of Wulcombe Byngham and West Staford, 
and 3 messuages, 200 a. of land in Mapowder Haselbere in the 
said county, and so seised, by charter granted and confirmed the 
same to William Frampton, Robert Turbervile and Thomas Porter, 
rector of the Church of Longchesylborne : to hold to them and 
their heirs for ever. 

The said manor of Wulcombe Byngham is held of the lord 
the Prince in Chief by knights service and is worth per ann.. 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 189 

clear, 8 marks. The manor of Westaford is held of William 
Frampton in chief by knights service as of his manor of Upwey, 
and is worth per ann., clear, 4 marks. The messuages and lands 
in Mapowder and Haselbere are held in socage of Robert Coker 
by the yearly rent of id., and are worth per ann., clear, 40s. 

Richard Byngham died 2 January, 20 Edw. 4 [1481] ; Robert 
Byngham is his son and next heir and is aged 15 years and more. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 21 Edw. 4. n. 9. 

No. 125. 6U$abetb, wife of Tohrx Blake, Bsquire* 

Inquisition taken at Shirborne in co. Dorset 6 November, 
38 Hen. 6 [1459] before John Stanley, esq., escheator, by the oath 
of John Fauntleroy, John Ibberd, William Hawkyns, John Frampton, 
John Coker, Thomas Russell, John Bay ly, Thomas Pytte, John Trebell, 
Robert Vernev, William Whytton and John Bridport, who say that 

Elizabeth Blake who was the wife of John Blake, esq., held on 
the day that she died the manor of Chaeleton Speytebury in the 
said county in her demesne as of fee : which said manor is held 
of the King by the service of the 8th part of a knight’s fee, and is 
worth per ann., clear, 5 marks. 

The said Elizabeth died the las1;^day of September last past ; 
Robert Reugeborne is her son and next heir and is aged 21 years 
and more. Chan. Inq. p.m. 38-39 Hen. 6. n.27. 

No. 126. Priory of Blakemore Regis. 

Inquisition taken at Dorchester before the King’s escheator, 
18 January, 2 Edw. 3 [1329] by the oath of John Craibbe, John 
Warfoghel, Robert Brice, Henry de Jeiielton, John de Bromhull, 
William Thomelyn, William Jordan, John le White, John Touth, 
Thomas Hering, John Hamond and John le Conk, who say that it is 
not to the damage or prejudice of the King or others if the King 
should grant to the Prior and chaplains of the hermitage of Blake- 
more Regis in co. Dorset that they may retain and have to them 
and their successors for ever 14 messuages, 100 a. of land, 2-^ a. of 
meadow, 67s. 4d. rent and the rent of i lb. of cummin in Knighte- 
ton, Forshull, Wynfred and Baldington, which they acquired to 
them and their successors after the publication of the statute of 
not putting to mortmain of Ingelram Berenger without having 
obtained the licence of the lord E., late King of England, father 
of the now King, paying to the said Ingelram therefor for the term 
of his life the true value of the said tenements per ann., and find- 
ing a certain chaplain to celebrate divine service every day in the' 
Church of the said hermitage for the souls of the Kings of England, 
Ingelram Berenger and all faithful deceased after the death of the 
said Ingelram. 

The said premises are held of the King in chief by the service 

igo Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

of 8s. 4d. to be paid per ann. at the King’s Exchequer, and also 
paying at the Earl of Cornwall’s manor of Fordington 6s. 8d., and 
to Robert de Novo Burgo I4d. for all service, and are worth per 
ann,, clear, 42s. 6d. 

There are no lands or tenements remaining to the said 
Ingelram in co. Dorset besides the said premises. 

Chan. Inq. a.q.d. File 201. n. 23. 

No. 127. Thomas U Blount* 

Inquisition taken at Dorchester in co. Dorset before John de 
Sancto Laiido the King’s escheator in the said county 5 October, 
30 Edw. 3 [1356], by the oath of Henry Bonevilly Reginald Coteler, 
Roger atte Stone, Edward Boye, Edward Smert, William Stoye, Adam 
South, William in the Coumhe, William atte Welle, William Broun, 
John Sont and John Michel who say that 

It is not to the damage or prejudice of the King or others if 
the King should grant to Thomas West, chivaler, that he may give 
and grant the manor of Compton Valence and the advowson of 
the Church of the said manor to Thomas le Blount, chivaler: to 
hold for the whole life of the said Thomas le Blount of the King 
and his heirs by the services therefor due and accustomed. 
The said manor and Church are held of the King by knight’s ser- 
vice and the said manor is worth, per ann., clear, i. 10. 

No lands or tenements remain to the said Thomas West be- 
sides the said manor and advowson in the bailiwick of the said 
escheator. Chan. Inq. a. q. d. File 320. n. 9. 

No. 128. John Blount* 

Inquisition taken at Mortesthorn before John de Bekynton,ihe 
King’s escheator in co. Dorset on Thursday next after the feast 
of St. Luke the Evangelist 34 Edw. 3 [1360], by the oath of 
Andrew Bagge, John de Mortesthorn, William de Ahynd on, Henry 
Kiniche, {?) Thomas Buchere, Nicholas de Melplassh, William Doo, 
Nicholas de Wyke, Walter Danbere, John Babour, Robert Stondlegh 
and John atte Perrok, who say that 

John Blount held in his demesne as of fee on the day that he 
died of the King in chief as of his manor of Mershwod by knight’s 
service at Mortesthorn in the said county 2 parts of a messuage 
which are worth nothing per ann. beyond reprises, 2 parts of a 
garden the herbage whereof is worth per ann. 2od., and the fruit 
thereof 2od., 2 parts of i carucate of land which are worth per 
ann., clear, 26s. 8d., 7-^ a. of meadow which are worth per ann., 
clear, 7s. 6d. and not more because they are hilly and lie in com- 
mon throughout the whole year, after the hay thereof is carried ; 
14 a. of pasture several throughout the whole year which are 
worth per ann., clear, 14s,, 14 a. of wood lying in the said pas- 
ture, whereof there may be sold each year of the underwood there- 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 19 1 

of to the value of 4od., and 12s. of yearly rent to be paid at the 4 
principal terms of the year by equal portions. 

John Blount died on Monday next after the feast of St. John 
the Baptist last past ; Margaret sister of the said deceased is his 
next heir, and was aged 13 years in the feast of the Epiphany of 
the Lord last past : the said Margaret is (has been) removed and 
abducted by William de Keynes, by reason whereof the said es- 
cheator cannot seize her on behalf of the lord the King, and is 
married by the said William to Walter atte More as they believe. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 34 Edw. 3. n. 28. 

No. 129. Richard de Blyntesfeld* 

Inquisition taken at Shafton before John de Betynton the 
King’s escheator in co. Dorset on Saturday next before the feast 
of St. Thomas the Apostle, 34 Edw. 3 [1360] by the oath of 
Henry Alayn, John Pounsond, Thomas Tyn, John Bishop, Roger 
Gyhelet, Nicholas Saundon, John Haluehiyght, John de Cadeford, 
John atte Htille, John Freo, Richard Tylfont and Thomas Brok, 
who say that 

Richard de Blyntesfeld did not hold any lands or tenements of 
the King in chief in demesne or in service in the said county on 
the day that he died, but on that day he held in his demesne as 
of fee tail of Adam atte Moure 1 messuage and 2 virgates of land 
at Blyntesfeld in the borough of Shafton by the service of i lb. 
of cummin and i pair of spurs at the feast of St. Michael for all 
services : which said messuage and land are worth perann., clear, 
42s. 4d. 

The said Richard de Blyntesfeld died 4 March, 22 Edw. 3 
[1348]; John son of William Do. . . and Isabella, his wife, 

daughter and heir of Thomas son and heir of the said Richard 
deceased is the kinsman and next heir of the said Richard and is 
aged 16 years and more. 

Nicholas, daughter of the said Richard after the death of the 
said Richard entered into the said premises and took the issues 
thereof up to the feast of St. Hilary, 29 Edw. 3 [1355], after which 
term the said John the heir of the said Richard entered into the 
said premises and took the profits thereof up to the feast of 
St. Lambert 34 Edw. 3 [1360], after which said term John Hat 
and Walter Broun entered therein and took the issues and profits 
thereof. Chan. Inq. p.m. 34. Edw. 3. n. 20. 

No. 130. l^^rxry Bodrugan^ Ssquire. 

Writ dated at Westminster 23 February, 4 Edw. 4 [1465].' 

Edward by the grace of God, &c. to the sheriff of Somerset 
and Dorset, greeting. Because Henry Bodrugan, esq., on the 29th 
day of July, 35 Hen. 6 [1457] before Johi Coteler then Mayor of 
the Staple of the City of Exeter deputed to receive recognisances 


Somerset & Dorset Notes S> Queries. 

of debts in the same Staple acknowledged that he owed to Wil- 
liam Beoff, John Copleston, John Denys and John Rayny which 
he ought to have paid to them in the Morrow of the Purification 
of the Blessed Mary the Virgin which was in the year 1461 then 
next coming, and which he has never paid to them as it is said, 
we command you that you cause the body of the said Henry, if he 
be a layman, to be taken and to keep him safely in our prison 
until he shall fully satisfy the said John Denys johnRayny who 
survived the said William and John Copleston of the said debt and 
also diligently to cause all the lands and chattels of the said Henry 
in your bailiwdck to be extended and appraised, and to be seised 
into our hands so that w^e may cause them to be delivered to the 
said John Denys and John Rayner until they shall be satisfied of 
the said debt. 

Inquisition taken at Shaftesbury in co. Dorset 15 June 5 Edw. 
4 [1465] before Christopher Worsley, esq., sheriff of the said 
county by the oath of Oliver Aherton, William Godeivyn, Robert 
Canne, John Whytenowe, John Chasy, John Parker, John Serle, Henry 
Donyng, Robert Symson, William at Water, Johi Palmer and Rich- 
ard Shepehurd, who say that 

Henry Bodrugan is a layman and that he on the day of making 
a recognisance of debt, viz. on the 29th day of July 35 Hen. 6 
[1457] was seised and still is seised in his demesne as of free 
tenement, as in right of Joati his wdfe, viz. for the term of her life, 
of the manor of Knyghton in the said county: which said manor 
Philip Beamniount, esq., demised to the said Joan for her whole 
life, and wdiich is worth per ann., clear, 53s. 4d. and which the 
said sheriff caused to be seised into the hands of the now King. 
The said Joani s now in full life. 

Chan. Inq., p.m. 4 Edw^ 4. n. 64. 

No .131. 'John de Bon (Bobun). 

Extent of the lands and tenements which were of John de Bon 
in CO. Dorset made the 20th day of January, 20 Edw. i [1292 j, 
by William de Brideport. John de Wylts', John de Mustirs, Henry de 
Wakerle, Henry de Gyssich, Thomas Beuboys, Peter Travers, Nicholas 
Leche, Nicholas Eyr, Robert de Bosco, Thomas de la F orde Simon 
de Seddone (?) wEo say that 

John de Bon on the day that he died was seised in his demesne 
as of fee of the manor of Gyssich St. Michael in co. Dorset, 
wEich he held of Humphrey de Bon, Earl of Hereford, by the 
service of i pair of white gloves, to be paid in the feast of 
St. Michael for all service by socage and the said manor is worth 
per ann., clear, i 5 s. 4d. 

He held nothing of the King in chief in the said county. 

Henry de Bon eldest son of the said John is his next heir and 
is aged 15 years. Chan. Inq. p.m. 20 Edw. i. n. 7. 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


129. St. Augustine of Canterbury and the Dorset 
Fishermen. — Count de Montalembert’s Monks of the West in 
6 Vols., (Nimmo, King William Street, Strand), is a big Work 
even to dip into. To those who do not possess it, the following 
extract, (from Vol. 3, 226), referring to St. Augustine of Canter- 
bury, will, no doubt, be of interest: — “On one occasion, while 
traversing that region of the country of the West Saxons which is 
now called Dorsetshire, he and his companions found themselves 
in the midst of a seafaring population, who heaped on them 
affronts and outrages. These heathen savages not only refused 
to hear them, but even drove them away with acts of violence, 
and in hunting them from their territory, with a rude derision 
truly Teutonic, fastened to the black robes of the poor Italian 
monks, as a mark of contempt, the tails of the fish which formed 
their livelihood. Augustine was not a man to be discouraged by 
such trifles. Besides, he found, in other places, crowds more 
attentive and more impressible. The footnote is : — “ Plebs impia 
. . . tota ludibriorum et opprobriorum in sanctos debacchata 
. . . nec manu pepercisse creditur . . . Fama est illos 
effulminandos provenientes marinorum piscium caudas sanctis 
appendisse. Gotselinus, c.41.” 

A different account of this incident appears in Hutchins’ 

3rd ed., vol iv, p. 18. under Cerne Abbas. W. Bowles Barrett. 

130. Thomas Coryate, of Odcombe, Somerset. — We 

have been favoured by Messrs. Pickering and Chatto, Antiqua- 
rian Booksellers, 66, Haymarket, London, S.W., with the loan of 
two engraved blocks, impressions of which appear in our present 
number. They represent the engraved title-pages of the first 
editions of two works by Thomas Coryate, of Odcombe, Somerset. 
He was the son of the Rev. George Coryate, rector of Odcombe, 
and was born there about 1577 1 Surat in 1617. He 

entered Gloucester Hall, Oxford, in 1596, but left without taking a 
degree. There is a long account of him and his travels in the 
Dictionary of National Biography. He began his travels in 1608, 
and between May 14 and October 3, the date of his return, he 
travelled 1,975 miles, mostly on foot. In 1612 Coryate started 
again on his travels. Before doing so he repaired to his native 
place, and formally hung up in the church the shoes in which he 
had walked from Venice. 

These works are 

(i). Coryats Crudities Hastily gohled vp in five Moneths 
traveUs in France, Sauoy, Italy, Rhetia coWionly called the Orisons , 
country, Heluetia alias Switzerland, some parts of high Germany, and 
the Netherlands ; Newly digested in the hungry aire of ODCOMBE 
in the County of Somerset, now dispersed to the nourishment of 
the trauelling Members of this Kingdome. Quadrigis, pedihus bene 
viuere, nauibus atf . Gallia. Germania. Italia. 

Vol. X. Part lxxvii. March, 1907. 



Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries. 

Below this is the portrait of the author, ‘‘ Gulielmus Hole 
sculp.," surrounded by the legend “ Vera effigies Tliomce Coryate 
Odcomhiensis qui XloWwi/ dvOpivTruov tbev darea. Anno cetatis 
sued 35.” 

After the engraved title is placed the following printed title- 
page : 




This Booke following (besides the fore- * 
said Crvdities) no lesse flowing in the 
body of the Booke, then the Crvdities 
themselves, two of Rhetoricke and one 

That is to say, a most elegant Oration, first written 
in the Latine tongue by Hermannvs Kirchnervs, a 
Ciuill Lawyer, Oratour, Coesarean Poet, and professor of Elo- 
quence and Antiquities in the famous Vniuersitie 
of Marpvrg in the Langrauiat of Hassia, in 
praise of Trauell in generall. 

Now distilled into English Spirit through the Odcombian 
Limbecke. This precedeth the CRVDITIES. Another also com- 
posed by the Author of the former, in praise of Trauell of Germaine 
in particular, sublimed brought ouer the Helme in 
the Stillitorie of the said Trauelling Thomas : 

This about the Center or Nauell of the 

Then in the Posterne of them looke, & thou shalt find the 
Posthume Poems of the Authors Father, coming as neere 
Kinsemen to the worke, being next of blood to the 
Booke, & yonger brothers to the 
Author himselfe. 


Printed by W.S. 


Anno Domini 

Somefset &> Dorset Notes &= Queries. 195 

The Crudities contains besides the engraved title, the follow- 
ing plates, viz. A woodcut of the plume of feathers of Henry, 
Prince of Wales, before the Epistle Dedicatory ; a dragon (in 
3 B) ; a whole-length portrait of Coryate, with a Venetian cour- 
tezan, p. 262; a Delineation of the Amphitheater of Verona: 
a true figure of the famous* Clock of Strasbourg, p. 452 ; Scio- 
graphie or Modell of the stupendous vessell, the Heidelberg tun, 
in the Palace of the Count Palatine of Rhene, p. 486, and a Por- 
trait of Frederick IV., p. 496. 

Messrs. Pickering and Chatto offer an excellent copy of this 
work, first edition, 161 1, bound in old calf, for /^52 los. 

(2) The other work is entitled “THOMAS CORIATE Tra- 
veller for the English Wits : Greeting. From the Court of the 
Great Mogvl, Resi-dexii at the Towne of Asmere, in Easterne 
India. [Coryate riding on an elephant]. Printed by W. laggard 
and Henry Fetherston. 1616.” 

A copy of this book, small quarto, is also offered for sale by 
Messrs. Pickering and Chatto, for £1% i8s. Besides the en- 
graved title it contains plates of Coryate on the elephant (twice) 
and three other engravings. It is a remarkably fine copy, in 
brown m.orocco extra, panel sides, gilt edges on the rough, by 
Riviere and Son. 

List of Plates in Traveller for the English Wits. 

1. Coryate on an Elephant. 

2. A man walking through a wood. 

3. Coryate on an Elephant. 

4. A curious animal with two long horns (intended for an 


5. A Unicorn. 

6. Coryate on an Elephant. 

Coryate also wrote “ Coryat’s Crambe, or his Colwort 
twise sodden, and now serued in with other Macaronicke dishes, 
as the secund Course to his Crudities. London printed by 
William Stansby 1611,” quarto ; and 

“ The Odcombian Banquet ; Dished foorth by Thomas the 
Coriat, and serued in by a number of Noble Wits in prayse of his 
Crudities and Crambe too. Asinus Portans Mysteria. Im- 
printed for Thomas Thorp, 1611,’* quarto. This also is on sale 
by Messrs. Pickering and Chatto, price 3 1 3s. The Editors. 

131. Beaminster Prebendal Rent Roll, 12 Edw. IV., 
1472-3. — The document printed below is a Rent Roll of a 
Beaminster Prebend (whether Beaminster Prima or Secunda, does 
not appear, but probably the latter) now in the possession of 
Mr. Richard Pline ; to whom it was intrusted by Mr. J. Lane 
Kitson of that town. It is to a considerable extent in a decayed 
and faded condition, so that portions have either entirely perished 
or become illegible. Unfortunately the heading of the Roll is 

ig6 Somerset Dorset Notes S- Queries. 

imperfect, so that the reign is not precisely indicated, and the 
name of the Prebendary has been lost, as will presently be seen. 

The Roll is dated in the 12th year of Edward , but the 

parchment, where his number has been written is mutilated. We 
are therefore thrown back upon the contents of the document 
itself, to supply the missing figure. The names entered on the 
Roll are of no particular importance, except that of William 
Strode, under Pernam, who held a capital messuage freely, ren- 
dering yearly for all rents and services xxs. He is to be identi- 
fied with the William Strode who married Alice, daughter and 
heir of Roger Ledred, and was son of Richard Strode who mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter and heir of John Jerard, from whom 
the Parnham estate was inherited. See pedigree in Hutchins’ 
Dorset, 3rd edit., vol. ii, p. 1 30, In a note on page 1 3 1 it is stated 
that in “ 3 Edw. IV (1463-4) John, son and heir of John Gerard 
by a second wife, recites that John Gerard his father had en- 
feoffed William Hatch, clerk, of his lands in Parnham and East 
Hewstock, who feoffed John Daniel, &c., in fee, who being the 
surviving trustee gave to Richard Strode and Elizabeth his wife 
the said lands, to them and heirs, and the right heirs of John 
Jerard. The said John Jerard ratifies and confirms the same to 
William, son and heir of Richard and Elizabeth, remainder to the 
right heirs of John Jerard.” 

William Strode appears to have been alive in 14 Edw. IV, 
when he executed a letter of attorney. 

It may be taken as an incidental confirmation of this identi- 
fication that the name of J. Danyell occurs in the margin of the 
roll, which now may confidently be dated 12 Edw. IV., 1472-3. 

As to the Prebendary at this time, the name on the Roll has 
perished with the exception of what appears to be the lower part 
of a capital O and of s and G. If that is correct, it would seem to 
refer to William Osgodby, appointed to the Prebend of Beaminster 
Secunda 12th Sept., 1467, and succeeded therein by Edward 
Cheyne 23rd Jan., 1475, on his own transfer to the Chute Pre- 
bend on I ith Jan. in that year. See Fasti Eccl. Sar. 

In the copy of the Roll which now follows the abbreviations 
have been extended in nearly every case. Dorset Editor. 


S. . . [rest of the line illegible] | [Ann] o regni regis Edwar [dt. . . 



JoHANNis Baptiste et | S’ci Michalis. 

Axnolle. Willielmus...[Daniell, written above] tenet ununa cotagium cum 
pertinenciis et reddit ad terminos dictos v s. (?) 

Idem Willielmus...annuatim pro operibus...sarculand’...[six lines ille- 

B... Willielmus — tenet unum tenementum cum pertinenciis. Et red- 

dit. ..vs. 

Idem Willielmus solvit domino pro operibus... 

Idem WiUielmus solvit pro novo redditu viijd. 

Somerset &= Dorset Notes Queries. 197 

W. Gay Johannes Gay tenet unum cotagium vocatum Podyngmore... 

viij 5 (?) 

Idem Johannes solvit pro operibus id. 

Ricardus Spelt tenet unum tenementum reddendo inde annuatim 
pro omnibus redditibus et operibus vs. 

W. Semer Johannes Down tenet unum tenementum reddendo inde annua- 
tim pro omnibus redditibus et operibus iiij (?) 

J. Swate (?) Willielmus Illary tenet unam parcellam terre in S...dlay red- 
dendo [iiijd. above the line]. 

H. Mynterne Henricus... tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annuatim pro 
redditibus ... et pro operibus. 

Shabcombe Johannes Wether tenet unum tenementum cum pertinenciis red- 
dendo inde annuatim [pro] omnibus operibus viijs. 

[Willielmus ?] Meryman tenet unum tenementum ibidem redden- 
do inde annatim viijs. 

Combe tenet duo tenementa et duo cotagia reddendo inde an- 

natim pro omnibus redditibus et operibus xxvis. . d. 

Pernam Willielmus Strode tenet unum Capitale mesuagium libere redden- 
do inde annatim pro omnibus redditibus sectis et serviciis xx s. 

Bemynstre In vico orientali. 

W. Lokke Johannes Fulbroke tenet unum tenementum reddendo inde anna- 
tim pro omnibus redditibus et operibus xviij d. 

Joh’de Cantia Willielmus Forde tenet unum tenementum reddendo inde an- 
natim pro omnibus redditibus et operibus ij s. vij d. 

Cristina . . . tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annatim pro ... redditibus 
Hoskyns et operibus ij s viij d. 

Vidua Johannes ... tenet unum tenementum reddendo inde annatim 
iiij s. vj d. 

Et solvit pro operibus xij d. 

Idem Johannes pro novo redditu iiij d. 

J. Berde Ricardus ... tenet unam parcellam cotagii reddendo inde annatim 
Joh’ Tison viij d. 

Joh’ Prior Johannes Bruer (?) tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annatim 
pro omnibus redditibus et operibus ij s. viij d. 

Joh’ Davye Thomas Kynge tenet unum tenementum reddendo inde annatim 
al’s Combe iiij s. vj d. 

Idem Thomas solvit pro operibus xij d. 

Et idem Thomas pro novo redditu iiij d. 

J. Moreton Johannes Bayne (?) tenet unum tenementum reddendo inde annatim 
ijs. vjd. 

Idem Johannes solvit pro operibus xij d. 

Et . . . solvit pro novo redditu iiij d. 

T Taylor Johannes . . . [seven lines illegible.] 

J. Feyrvvyll Willielmus . . . reddendo inde annatim ... 

Idem Willielmus solvit pro operibus vj d. 

Johannes . .. tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annatim ij s. 

Idem Johannes solvit pro operibus viij d. 

Johannes . .. tenet unum tenementum reddendo inde annatim pro 
omnibus redditibus et operibus xvj d. 

Idem Johannes tenet unum dimidium cotagii vocati le Reckehay red- 
dendo inde annuatim pro omnibus redditibus et operibus iiij d. 

... Fairewell et Johannes Fairewell tenent unum molendinum ... ' 
reddendo inde annuatim ij s. ij d. 

... tenet unum ... et parcellam cotagii cum una ... reddendo inde 
annuatim ij s. xd. 

Joh’ Tamer (?) [Three lines illegible.] 

Brom’ Walterus Russell tenet parcellam cotagii cum parvo gardino quam d... 


Somevset Dorset Notes Queries. 

Sabina Colyfford tenuit et Reddit per ann. vjd. 

[End of first membrane]. 

iij acr’ terr’ Willielmus Belamy [J. Cheke, written above] tenet unum cotagium 
iij d. reddendo inde annatim xij d. 

Idem Willielmus solvit pro operibus viij d. 

J. Hoskyn Johannes Kynge (.^) tenet unum cotagium et unum peciam terre de 
dominicis apud reddendo inde annatim vs. ix d. 

Idem Johannes solvit pro operibus x\j d. 

Joh’es Ricardus Cheke tenet unum tenementum cum terris et pertinenciis 

Cheke de dominicis reddendo inde annatim vs. iiij d. 

Idem Ricardus ... et erit reve pro tenement’ 

E... tenet unum ... reddendo inde annatim pro omnibus redditibus 
et operibus xij d. 

Job.... Johannes leche {?) tenet unum tenementum parcellam tenementi 
laplode reddendo inde annatim pro omnibus redditibus et operibus d. 

J. Durke (?) Johannes Down tenet duo tenementa reddendo inde annatim 
vij s. \j d. 

Idem Johannes solvit pro operibus ij s. 

Et idem Johannes solvit pro novo redditu xij d. 

J. Coke (?) Johannes Roper tenet unum tenementum reddendo inde annatim ijs. 
Idem Johannes solvit pro operibus ixd. 

Et idem Johannes tenet ... in prestecrofte et j peciam terre xv d. 

Christofer Lyndesey tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annuatim 
pro omnibus redditibus [et] operibus ij s. vj d. 

R. Ropyr Johannes ... tenet unum tenementum reddendo inde annuatim xv d. 
Idem Johannes sohdt pro operibus xij d. 

Et idem Johannes solvit pro novo redditu xij d. 

— yke Alicia Fontell tenet unum ij (sic) cotag’ reddendo inde annuatim 

J. Walker iiij s. \J d. 

Eadem Alicia solvit pro operibus xyj d. 

Job’ Thomas Peitfyn tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annuatim 

Ho sky ns iij s. xd. 

Idem Thomas sohit pro operibus viij d. 

W. Doche Thomas Doche tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annuatim 
iiij s. iij d. 

Idem Thomas solvit pro operibus [gone]. 

Thomas Purchas tenet unum peciam terre reddendo inde annuatim... 

Tr Smyth Walterus M}TiteiyTi tenet unum cotagium cum una pecia terre 
erabilis reddendo inde annuatim iiij s. 

Idem Walterus sohdt pro operibus \dij d. 

Walt’us Johannes Boley (?) tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annuatim 
Russell viij s. 

Idem Johannes sohit pro operibus iiij d. 

Galfr’us Johannes Wade [Margery Hoskjms, written above] tenet duo 
. . . cotagia reddendo inde annuatim \ij s. 

Idem Johannes solvit pro operibus x\J d. 

Joh’ Stephanus Colayn [Stephanus Lane, written above] tenet unum 

Brome cotagium reddendo inde annuatim pro omnibus redditibus et operibus 
vs. xd. 

Gylond Ricardus Spelt junior tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annuatim 
pro omnibus redditibus et operibus ij s. 

W. Clerke Ricardus ... tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annuatim [Joh. 
Furs, written above] xx d. 
pro omnibus redditibus et operibus iiij d. 

Walt' Johannes Glover tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annuatim pro 
Bnier omnibus redditibus et operibus iiij s. Walterus Ynglond, 

Ede Novet Willielmus Herj^et tenet imum gardinum reddendo annatim pro 
omnibus redditibus et operibus iiijd. 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


Ric’ Fyshyr Thomas Leche [modo Johannes Fawter, written above] tenet 
unum cotagium reddendo inde annuatim et duo cortilegia cum una 
pecia terre dominice iijs. iiij d. 

N. Dan...{?) Willielmus Vincent [Walterus Ynglond, written above] tenet 
unum tenet unum \_sic] cotagium reddendo inde annuatim ijs. viijd. 
Idem Willielmus pro operibus viijd. 

... Hoskyns Nicolas Fresill tenet unam ... [terre, written above] reddendo 
inde annuatim ijd. 

.. Billyng Ricardus (?) tenet unam tenementum reddendo annua- 

tim iijs. viijd. 

Idem Ricardus solvit pro operibus xijd. 

Et idem Ricardus solvit pro novo redditu xijd. 

J. Hoper Johannes Downton tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annua- 
tim ijs. vjd. 

Idem Johannes solvit pro operibus viijd. 

George Ricardus Dyuer tenet unum tenementum et unam parcellam 
cotagii reddendo inde annuatim pro omnibus redditibus et operibus xxd. 
Ric’ Henricus Davy tenet unum tenementum reddendo inde annuatim 

Periem pro omnibus redditibus et operibus xxd. 

Idem Henricus ... tenuit unam parcellam cotagii reddendo inde annua- 
tion jd. 

Davy Gybbs tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annuatim ijs. 
Idem Davy solvit pro operibus viijd. 

Gylbertus C...bury tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annua- 
tim ijs. iiijd. 

Idem Gylbertus solvit pro operibus viijd. 

WiUielmus Paviet tenet unum tenementum reddendo inde annua- 
tim pro omnibus redditibus et operibus xxd. 

Ric’ Spelt Johannes Hoskyns tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annua- 
Walt’ tim xiijd. 

Denys Idem Johannes solvit pro operibus iiijd. 

J. Lyte Stephanus Tely ? tenet unnm cotagium reddendo inde annuatim js. iiijd. 
J. Stone Idem Stephanus solvit pro operibus [faded], 

J. Laurans Phillippus D... tenet unum dimidium cotagii reddendo inde annu- 
atim pro omnibus redditibus et operibus iiijd, 

J. Thonge Johannes Kynge... tenet unum parcellam cotagii reddendo inde 
annuatim pro redditibus et operibus iijd. 

H. Wyke Johannes Webbe tenet dimidium cotagii reddendo inde annua- 
[or Dyke] tim iiijs. 

Idem Johannes solvit pro operibus iiijd. 

Willielmus Dounton tenet unum... reddendo inde annuatim [faded]. 

[End of second membrane. The right-hand side of the following 
membrane has been torn off], 
pro omnibus redditibus et operibus [gone]. 

Ric’ Willielmus Lyndon tenet unum cotagium reddendo [gone]. 

Biter (?) Idem Willielmus solvit pro operibus [gone]. 

Idem Willielmus tenet duo Orria cum ceteris per’ [gone] cum uno 
gardino et reddit inde annuatim pro omnibus redditibus [gone], 

Danyel (?) Robertus Fenell tenet dimidium cotagii reddendo inde an- 

Bylbyn nuatim [gone]’ 

Idem Robertus solvit pro operibus [gone], 

Willielmus Bilyng tenet unum tenementum et cotagium reddendo 
inde [gone] pro omnibus redditibus et operibus [gone], , 

George Willielmus Lyndon tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annua- 
tim [gone]. 

Idem Willielmus solvit pro operibus [gone]. 

Willielmus Artoure tenet unum tenementum reddendo unde an- 
nuatim [gone]. 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

Idem Willielmus solvit pro operibus [gone]. 

Et Idem WiUielmus solvit pro novo redditu. 

J. Bylyng Ricardus Dyuer tenet unam parcellam cotagii reddendo inde an- 
nuatim xxjd. 

Idem Ricardus sohdt pro operibus iiijd. 

J. Coke Henricus Davy tenet unum cotagium et iiij pecias terre de domi- 
nicis reddendo inde annuatim pro omnibus operibus iijs. 

J. Danyell Johannes Fryer (?) tenet unum cotagium et unam parcellam p [gone] 
sohdt... inde annuatim pro omnibus redditibus et operibus ... 

J. Wyke Willielmus Sajeryn (?) tenet unum cotagium reddendo inde annua- 
tim pro omnibus redditibus et operibus [gone]. 

Walterus Trote tenet tenet \_sic\ unum tenementum reddendo 
annuatim [gone]. 

Nunc tenet Idem Walterus solvit pro operibus [faded]. 

Ric’ ... [Idem W^alterus] solvit pro novo reuditu [faded]. 

. . . cotagium reddendo inde annuatim pro omnibus . . . 

[Here the Roll ends abruptly, the remainder having perished]. 

132. — Annuity due from the Prior of Bruton for a 
Chaplain at Glastonbury. — 

This Document is No. 139/30 of Early Chancery Proceedings 
and was dated between the years 1504 and 1515. 

To The Right Rev’end fader in god my lord of Caunterbury 
Chaunceler of England. 

Showith unto your grace your Dayly Orato^ John Harde- 
berd of the Towne of Glastonbury within the countie of Som’set 
clerk that where John Henton late prior of bruton p’decessor to 
the prior that now is and the covet of the same within the countie 
aforesaid by ther suf&ciet dede beryng date the vhth day of 
Decembre the xxij yere of the reigne of King Edward the Illjth 
graunted to Richard Chocke Knight late one of the Justics of the 
comyn plase and to John Ellys clerk and to div’se other 
psons in the said graunt specified a annuite or annuel rent of x 
marks wt a clause of distresse to be res’senyd of and in the manno^® 
of Northbruam and South Petherton within the counte aforesaid 
payable at certyn dayes as by the said graunt is more playnely 
specified to have and to hold to them ther executours and assignes 
fro the fest of Cristmasse next after the date of the said graunt 
untill thende and terme of xl yeres then next folloyng to thende 
and entent that the sayd annuel rent to thexibucon and supporta- 
con of a chaplen secular and honeste in the churche of Seynt 
John Baptiste in Glastonbury Aforesaid att thauter of Seynt 
Nicholas ther for the soules of Ric’ Atwill Agnes and Johanne 
his wiffes Edward clerk Ric’ Berne and Agnes his wiff ther faders 
moders childer cosyns and fryndys and all feythfull men dede 
syng and say and other dyuyne s’uyses the said terme as by the 
said S^ Ric’ Chocke and John Elys and thother in the said dede 
specified and ther executours shalbe applied and disposed And 
that the sayd S^ Rechard Chocke and all thother grauntees in the 

S.R.S. x\i., pp. 227, 373. 


Traueller for the English 

VVits : Greeting, 

From the Qou^efthe (^rtat M o g vl, 
dent at the T owne of A s m e r i, in 
Eaikioc India. 

Primed by W. laggadjand Henry Fetherfton. 




Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 201 

said dede specified died except the said John Ellis and the sayd 
John Elys clerk them overluyd x\nd the said John Ellys made 
one Robert Hendy his executor [and] dyed aft whois deth the 
sayd Hendy put the said John Hardeberd to syng and pray in 
the churche aforesaid att thaut’ Aforesayd accordyng to the sayd 
graunt by the spase of a yere and hath no money for his laburre 
ne for his syngynge the whiche he oughte to haue of the said 
Handy execute’^ of the said John Elys if the said Rob^ cowdd 
be payd of the sayd prior that now is the whiche prior refuseth 
to pay so the said John Hardeberd is w^oute remedy by the course 
of the comyn law 

The petition ends in the usual form, the defendant being 
William Gilberd “now prior of bruton.” F. J. Pope. 

[Note. The date of this document must be before June 21, 
1511, when the Priory of Bruton was made an Abbey. S.R.S. 
viii, p. xlv. " Ed. for Somerset.] 

133. — Seizure of Goods on a plea of Villeinage. — 

d'his Document is from Early Chancery Proceedings, and is 

numbered 233/10, and belongs to the period 14.93 to 1500. 

To the most Rev’end Fader in god my lord Cardinall Arch- 
bisshop of Canturbury primatand Chaunceller of England. 

Humbly showeth unto \our g’cious lordship your pou’ oratour 
Richard Wiilys that whereas oon John Sauage of Hamperston in 
the countie of Dors Gentilman oonly of pure malice clamyng your 
said pou’ Oratour to be his bondman and Villan whereas of trouth 
the same youre Crato^ and all his auncestrez haue ben free of 
tyme that noo mynde and without claymyng of the said John 
Sauage or of . . . auncestrez [.^ until] now of late that the 

said John Sauage by his force and gret wrong hath taken from 
yo^ said pou’ Orato^ dy’us euidences chartrez and munimentes 
conc’nyng the [.? grounds] of your said pou’ Oratour and also 
dyu’s goods of the same your pou’ Oratour that is to say beads 
spones Rynges and othre Jewelry and for so moch as your said 
pou’ Oratour Knoweth not the c’taintie of the said euydences nor 
of the said goods he is without remedie at the coin lawe In con- 
sideration whereof that it may please your said g’cious lordship 
to graunt a writt of subpena to be directed unto the said John 
Sauage comaunding .... 

The petition ends in the usual form. F. J. Pope. 

134. The Suttons, a Dorset Race of Scholars.— 

With the object of studying the influences of family tradition 

and occupations on successive generations, I have been examin- 
ing {inter alia,) the story of a Dorset family of scholars. In such 
matters it is especially necessary to know something of the 
mothers as well as of the fathers. As I have been more unfortu- 
nate in my search for mothers in this family than in any others, I 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 

should be much indebted if any of your readers oould help me to 
supply some of the gaps, and enable me to elucidate something 
of the problem involved in an examination of a pedigree from the 
point of view of heredity and family tradition. 

John Sutton, of Baylie House, Sturminster Marshall, a salter, 
of the city of London, left by will dated 15 March, 1594, goods toy 
children of his daughter Martha and her husband William Souch, 
D.D. ; money and land (then under dispute at law with Thomas 
Meryvall) in Ffisherton, Downton and other places in Wilts and 
Berks to his (2nd) wife Katherine for 20 years, with reversion to a 
son John, bapt. Sturminster Marshall March, 15 94, failing his heirs 
to a J ohn Dyer, and failing heirs again to “my beloved son William 
Sutton. To George Avenall my father-in-law, one gould ring in 
which are to be engraven the two letters M. and J.” The will 
was administered 17 May, 1595. P.C.C. 

The “ William Sutton” therein mentioned was one of the 
earliest scholars of the Merchant Taylors’ School, recently estab- 
lished by the great namesake, Robert Sutton. Whether there 
was any relationship I cannot discover. He was a marked 
Scholar, and entered Christ Church, Oxford, 1579, graduating 
B.A. 1581, M.A. 1584, appointed Rector of Hackney, Middlesex, 
and Vicar of Sturminster Marshal, 1588. He left London and 
was appointed Rector of Blandford St. Mary 1592. He evidently 

married soon after Mary and had 1 3 children baptised 

at the parish church there. Several daughters were married at 
Blandford St. Mary, one at least — Barbara — yth child, certainly 
transmitted the leaning to scholarship, for her son, William 
James, of Christ Church, Oxford, was a remarkable scholar and 
second master at Westminster School. William James died early, 
3 July, 1663, but his gifts were highly esteemed. He was buried 
in Westminster Abbey. 

Although William Sutton was a well-known scholar and 
preacher, he was of retiring habits, and expressly desired by will, 
proved P.C.C., that none of his works should be published. One, 
however, was published posthumously, 1635, and is to be found 
both at the Bodleian Library and the British Museum. It is 
called “The Falsehood of the Chief Grounds of the Romish Reli- 
gion described and convinced in a brief answer.” His character 
is briefly narrated on the monument erected to his memory in the 
church at Blandford St. IMary and published in Hutchins’ Dorset. 
It is much more fully delineated by his own hand in a MS. volume 
which he left and which is now in my own keeping. This MS. he 
wrote towards the close of his life, when after a very serious ill- 
ness he had an interval of recovery, and recognizing the likeli- 
hood of an impending fatal termination, wrote his thoughts in a 
volume : 

Mecum vade. Liber, quocunque ubicunque recede. 

Testis praeteritas vitae sponsorque futurae. 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 203 

“ My long and dangerous sickness, this last summer 1631, at 
what time I received in myselfe the sentence of death, drew 
“from methen this rude lumpe and chaos of indigested meditations 
“concerning life and death, which here I presently sett downe, 
“ (for how can it be but rude and indigested whatsoever was be- 
“ gotten in so great anguish as I then felt both of soule and body 
“ and written with such weake and trembling hands, startingly 
“ and by fitts as the fury of the disease did give me any inter- 
“ mission). Now seeing it growen beyond my expectation to the 
“ bignes of a small boosome booke, I will give it a bookes 
“name and call it my Vade mecum and use it as a continual re- 
“ membrancer to putt me in mind of that which in my sicknes I 
“ then promised to god and make my conscience to reprove me, 
“ if in helth I happen to faile of performance.” 

Of the many meditations which compose the book I must 
not write. They reflect a sensitive, refined and kindly nature, 
full of gratitude and hope, and we may well believe the publica- 
tion of controversial matter would have been painful to him, how- 
ever necessary it might be to speak it at a special time. 

Of his wife nothing is known, but the tenth child and 
second son, 

William Sutton, born 1608, seems to have followed in his 
father’s footsteps. He was apparently educated at Winchester, 
and passed to Christ Church, Oxford ; graduated M.A. 1631, 
S.T. B. 1638, and appointed Head Master of the well-known 
Free Grammar School, Blandford Forum, of which Aubrey 
writes in 1638, — “I was transplanted to Blandford School in 
Dorset to Mr. William Sutton. It was about this time the 
most general school for the education of gentlemen in the 
West of England.” {History of Wiltshire.) He became Rector of 
Ibberton, Dorset, in 1635, and also of Winterborne Stickland. 
He seems to have been married about 1640 to Rachel . ., for five 
children by this marriage are known, viz,, (a) William, 1641-45, 
(b) Rachel, 1647, (^) Edward, 1649, admitted to Christ Church, 
Oxford, 1668, Vicar of Winterborne Whitchurch, 1679, probably 
Curate of Litchett Minster, May, 1687, (d) Frances, Sept. 12, 1650, 
and (e) Barbara, Feb. -March, 1652. Rachel, his wife, was buried 
at Winterborne Stickland Sept. 12, 1653, aged 35, He must 
have married again, about 1658, Elizabeth ., for five children of 
a second marriage can be discovered, viz. (f) Thomas, born 1659 1 
(g)JoHN, born 1661, of Merchant Taylors’ School andTrinity Col- 
lege, Oxford, B.A. 1683, Rector of Loders, 4 Feb., 1694, of 
Frome St. Quentin, 1721, and died 1733, s.j!)., having married 
Eleanor Slann ; (h) Clement ; (i) Deborah, married to . . Stret- 
ton : and (k) Christian, married to . . Goodwin. Of all their 
children only 

Thomas Sutton, 1659-1712, is noticeable. He was born at 
Dorchester, and matriculated at Oxford, 14 July, 1676, M.A., 1698, 


Somerset &* Dorset Notes &= Queries. 

(Christ Church), Rector of East Garston, Berks, 1684, Blandford 
Forum, 1702, Frome Vauchurch, 1705, Chaplain to the Duke of 
Bolton, author of a Treatise on the Sacrament.. Whom he mar- 
ried I have not discovered, but it is evident she was a woman of 
character and wisdom, for among- the eight known children of the 
family several achieved University distinction, and it is clear that 
their careers were wisely mapped out. We can trace them ma- 
triculating at Oxford, and then obtaining Scholarships and 
settling down at Cambridge, and finally occupying livings in 
various parts ofDorsetshire, The children of Thomas Sutton were— 

1 . Charles Sutton, born at Ibberton, 1687, admitted to Win- 
chester College, 1698, by Scholarship, matric. at Oxford (IMagd. 
Coll.) 22 March, 1704-5, later took Hale ScholarshipatPeterhouse, 
Cambridge, Sept., 1705, vacating this in favour of a younger 
brother on taking the North Scholarship : B.A. (Cambridge) 
1709, M.A. 1717, Rector of Sherfield on Loden, 24 Aug., 1708, 
and buried there ii May, 1730, leaving, I believe, a son, after- 
wards Captain Dawley Sutton, who married Ann Maria Powell 
at Sherfield, 12 Sept., 1726 (Vic. Gen. Licence), who died 1745, 
at Chelsea. 

2. Catherine Sutton, married to Thomas Read. 

3. William Sutton, born 1691, educated at Winchester Col- 
lege and Peterhouse (Hale Scholar, North Scholar, May, 1711, 
and Woodward Scholar, July, 1711), B.A. 1713, M.A. 1717, 
Rector of St. Michael, Caerhays, Cornwall, 1719, and died there 
19 Sept., 1770. His portrait is still in existence, and exhibits a 
grim intellectual but masterful face of the type of j udge Hales. He 
published a volume of sixteen sermons on the Sacrament, with 
a preface on the Whole Duty of IMan. but I have also a MS. 
volume, containing many others, indicating painstaking analysis, 
but no very original thought. He used to make an itinerary of 
the neighbouring churches, and so arrange his sermons that the 
same one sermon was only preached — the same place once every 
two years. One, on Mark vii. 8, was preached at Caerhays 26 Oct., 
1740, 16 Nov., 1742, II Nov., 1744, 16 Dec., 1746, 20 Nov., 1748, 
and at regular periods of two years till 1765, after which it 
appears that the sermon was preached by his son Charles in the 
same successive order till iSoi, so that at least three genera- 
tions at Caerhays received identical instruction on the one 
theme every two years, for three-quarters of a century. 

4. Richard Sutton, unknown ; perhaps Richard Sutton, 
of Poole, baker, will dated 27 IMav, 1772, proved 18 Julv, 1772, 

5. Thojias Sutton married Anne . . 

6. Henry Sutton, born 1696, educated at Winchester, ad- 
mitted to Cambridge (Peterhouse) 22 June, 1714, B.A., 17 17, M.A. 
1723, Rector of Boconnock, Cornwall, 23 IMarch, 1723, and of 
Lanteglos by Fowey 1727 ; drowned at sea, 1732-4. 

Somerset Dorset Notes & Queries. 


7. Mary Sutton, evidently a lady of means, was house- 
keeper to Lord Malpas, died at Puddletown, Dorset, 23 May, 1752, 
and left by will, P.C.C., books and property to her niece, Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Sutton. What the niece did with the 
library, and whether she followed the family tradition of scholar- 
ship I cannot ascertain. 

8. Stephen Sutton, known only byname. 

Of these children William Sutton, Rector of Caerhays, 
seems to be the most interesting. His wife’s Christian name 
was Elizabeth. Her surname, like that of all the Sutton wives, I 
have no means of ascertaining. Their children were eight in 
number, — 

i. William Sutton, baptised 21 Nov., 1720, at Caerhays; 
died early. 

ii. Charles Sutton, baptised 13 June, 1722; died 1768. 

iii. Thomas Sutton, baptised 24 Feb., 1723, matric. at 
Oxford, from St. Mary Hall, 1743, admitted to Trin. Coll., 
Cambridge, 27 Oct., the same year, B.A. 1746, and Vicar of 
Lanteglos 1 77 1- 1 806, and Rector of Mawgen in Pydar, 7 Feb., 
1806, till his death on 27 Oct., 1806, unmarried; buried at 
Caerhays. His portrait shows a kindly personage, evidently not 
over-worked, and capable of enjoying the good things that this 
life affords to more fortunate ones. 

iv. Elizabeth Sutton, married to Andrew Truscott, brother 
of Admiral William Truscott. 

V. Catherine Sutton, buried 27 Aug., 1772, at Lanteglos. 

vi. Ann Sutton, vii. John Sutton. 

viii. Henry Pitt Sutton, of the Marines, married Miss Hos- 
kins 1 3 Nov., 1 763, and survived her, leaving by will, dated 24 Mar., 
1790, and proved the same year, property to his niece Elizabeth 
Truscott, now wife of Robert Gummoe, ofTretucky, Cornwall. 
He IS described in Gent. Mag. as “an officer on half-pay, who 
died in Bath, where he went to take the waters.” The only 
daughter of this Elizabeth Gummoe again married into a Cornish 
family, the Carveths, with traditions of scholarship, and after two 
generations of farming and trading, the members returned 
to professional careers, in the pursuit of which more than one, 
under other names owing to inter-marriage, have already dis- 
tinguished themselves, both in their University and after careers. 
Indeed, it seems more likely for heredita^-y tendencies to travel 
through the maternal than the paternal side, but I should be 
greatly obliged if any Dorsetshire genealogist would help me 
to gain further insight into the wives of this interesting Dorset 

Gable Nook, Alfred A. Mumford, M.D. 



Somerset Dorset Notes S> Queries. 

135- WiTHAM Friary Boundaries and Place Names. 
(IX. io8, 346, X. 22, 59, 176}. 

At the extreme South-West boundary of the parish there are 
two fields (contiguous) with the names Big and Little Beggar’s 
Stile. A footpath from Strap (i) Lane at a point near Billerica 
Farm passes through the latter, and crossing the parish boundary 
and an adjoining field called Dammett’s Mead (in Bruham par- 
ish) emerges in the old road (now only a bridle way) from^ North 
Bruham to Upton Noble — the road which at the Upton Noble 
end is known as Hackney Lane. 

In vol. II., pp. 221-2 and 275, and voL III., p. ii., of S. 

D. N. S* Q., several suggestions have been made as to the origin 
of the word “Beggars” used in place names. With regard to 
the fields now referred to it may be noted, first, that they lie in 
relatively low ground, but are not at the foot of any hill which 
could reasonably be supposed to be a beacon hill, whose beacon- 
fire would require the attention of “beckers”; further, that two 
adjoining fields are known as Big and Little Huish, and that 
these fields are included in a farm called Dowii’s farm (which, 
however, is probably a modern name). It may also be remarked 
that it seems not improbable there was in early times a camp in 
the neighbourhood ; at any rate, the name of the farm Billerica 
suggests that a battle was fought there in Roman times. (2) 

Secondly, that there runs alongside both fields bearing the 
name Beggar’s Stile a stream of water. It is of small volume, 
but may have, or in former times have had, sufficient water for 
the Badger to frequent it. This stream, which rises near the 
Upton Noble end of Hackney Lane, is the one 1 believe to be 
the Humburna. 

Thirdly, there is no doubt about the fields being at a bound- 
ary. They are, as already stated, at the extreme South-West 
boundary of the parish, so that if the second syllable of 
“ Beggar” represented some such word as werre (see 5 . D. N. 

Q., vol. III., p. 1 1) or ora, A.S. border, edge, margin (Toller’s 
Bosworth) such would be quite a suitable description. Cf. 
Bucgan-ora (now Bognor) mentioned in Shore’s Origin of the 
A. S. Race, 1906, p. 198. 

But this only brings us back to the question asked by Canon 
Coleman (at HI., ii) — What is the meaning of Bage, the first 
part of the word Bagewerre, the Domesday spelling of Badg- 
worth ? (cf. Bagborough and Baggeburgh, in Lydyard Episcopi, 

(1) There is a field called Strap in Buckland Newton (S. S' D. N. <S^ Q., vol. 
I., p. 66 ; and another in Powerstock (Ibid. vol. IX, p, 69). 

(2) The name Billerica appears to be derived from bellicare, a form of belli- 
gerare given by Du Cange. Local pronunciation supports this. Rustics fre- 
quently pronounce the word Billy-Kerry, or Bully-Kerry. cf. Billericay, a 
village in Essex. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


Nath. J. Hone The Manor and Manorial Records 1906, pp. 278, 
294). If the suggestion at III., ii, that Bagewerre” may be 
the original of Beggar in the place name Beggar’s Batch, near 
Cheddar, is correct, may not this spelling give us an entirely 
different origin of the word to any yet suggested ? May not 
“ Beggar’s,” which is so frequently found at a boundary, repre- 
sent the tribal name of the inhabitants, and the Stile, the Batch, 
the Bush, the Huish (3), the Lane, the Thorn and the Well each 
mark the limit of the tribal territory ? (4) Baegere or Baegware 

was the name by which the Anglo-Saxons called the Bavarians 
(Toller’s Bosworth), and there is good ground for thinking that 
Bavarians came over with the Saxon invasion, and that some of 
them settled in this part of the country. Shore (p. 31) mentions 
that they were dark haired and had broader skulls than the 
North German tribes whom they accompanied. He also says 
(p. 357) that both fair and dark haired people may be observed 
among the natives of almost every village of Somersetshire. Can 
it be shown that in the neighbourhood of places bearing the 
name “ Beggar’s ” dark natives predominate ? (cf. The Bexware 
people who are considered to have given their name to Bex- 
warenaland, the country round Bexley, Kent. (Shore, p. 198.) 

I am aware, of course, that there is still the difficulty to 
which attention was drawn by Prof. Earle that, an A. S. Charter 
dated in 975 (Kemble, C. D., 587) contains the name Beggares- 
thorn, and Mr. Duignan considers the word Beggar {i.e., a per- 
son who begs) ’■'■must'' be Anglo-Saxon ; but the reason he gives 
(Notes on Staffordshire P.N., 1902, p. 12) does not seem con- 
clusive, and it may be pointed out that Toller’s Bosworth (A.S. 
Diet.) does not give the verb to leg nor the substantive beggar. 
They appear to be of much later date than Anglo-Saxon times, 
although, as Mr. Duignan mentions, on the authority of the 
N. E. D., their origin is still in doubt. 

May not “ Beggaresthorn ” be the Thorn of the Beggar or 
Baegware tribe, just as Hardingesthorn would appear to be the 
Thorn of the Hardingas (Cal. Pat. Roll, Ed. III., vol. VIII., p. 
5 > 5 )- 

Pemblestorna (or “ Pimble Thorn”) on the boundary of 
Charterhouse-on-Mendip is, likewise, apparently the Thorn of 
Pemble or Pemple, possibly a tribal or territorial name. (Stephen 

(3) The frequent association of Huish with “ Beggar’s ” emphasises the 
suggestion that the latter stands for a tribal name — the house (or Homestead) 
of the tribe, — e.g. the Baegware tribe. 

(4) A tribe might be named after the deity they worshipped. Shore 
(p. 241) says that Boge is the name for a deity in every old Slavonic language or 
dialect ; but the difference in the second letter seems to prelude the possibility 
of this particular deity being referred to. The local tale of the Beggar and the 
Apple-dumpling, told in reference to this stile, does not seem to help us. 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

de Pemple or Penpel was appointed Dean of Wells, 1361. 
Church, E. H. of the Church of Wells^ 1894, p. ig^; S. D. N. 

Q., vol. VIII., pp. 21, 54). 

H. W. Underdown. 

136. Heale Family. (x.163). — I cannot say whether 
Alexander Heale, of Adsborough, is descended from Sir F. 
Heale or Sir Thos. Hele, but with the help of the West Monkton 
Parish Registers I can carry his pedigree a generation farther 
back, which may be useful. His father, also Alexander Heale, 
married at West Alonkton 10 Feby. 1745, Mary Edwards. Their 
issue was as follows: — Thomas, bap. 8 May, 1748, Alexander, 
bap. 13 Aug., and bur. 10 Dec., 1749 ; William, bap. 8 Dec., 
1751, and apparently bur. 24 Dec., 1752; Hannah, bap. 6 Jan., 
1754, and apparently bur. 12 Sep., 1765; George, bap., i Aug., 
1756 ; James, bap. 9 Dec,, 1759 ; Joseph, bap. 25 Oct., 1761, and 
Alexander, bap. 8 Jan., 1764. 

Alexander Heale, sen., was bur. 7 July, 1794, aged 75, while 
his wife, IMary Heale, was bur. 29 Oct., 1799. 

Alexander Heale, Jun., of West Monkton, Whitchurch and 
Adsborough, married Elizabeth Pine, of Ling at West Monkton, 
2 Feby., 1789, the ceremony being witnessed by Augustine Pine 
and William Pine. 

There was another branch of the Heale Family at West 
Monkton during the same period, represented by James Heale, 
who by his wife Joanna had issue: — John, bap. 15 Mar., 1752, 
and James, bap. 25 IMar. 1760. 

Other entries in these Registers to this Family are as follows : 
— Baptism — Alexander, base child of Elizabeth Hele, 31 July 
1720. Marriages — William Barbar, of Isle Abbots, and Anne 
Hele, of Monkton, i Mar., 1714. Mr. Jno. Hele, of Kingston, 
widower, and Mrs. Ann House, widow, 24 Oct., 1764. Burials 
— William Hele, ii Mar., 1715; Mary Heal, 12 Jan., 1752; 
Elizabeth Heal, 31 Oct., 1753; James Heal, 26 Sep., 1759; 
Elizabeth Hele, 23 May, 1762. 

One interesting point about these Registers is the number of 
men described as “ Soldiers ” who lived and died in this parish. 

Sidney E. Dodderidge. 

137. Leach Family of West Monkton and Kingston. 
— The following entries, taken at random from the Registers of 
West Monkton and Kingston, may prove useful. 

West Monkton Baptisms : — 

1714. Thomas, s: of Thomas Leach, 16 April. 

1727. Jeremiah, s: of Richard and Grace Leach, 2 April. 

1727. Mary, d : of John and Jane Leach, 17 Mar. 

1754. Sarah, d: of Jeremiah and Hannah Leach, 26 Dec. 

1759. Mary, d: of ditto, 25 July. 

1763. Hannah, d : of ditto, ii Sep. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


1791. Francis Spurle Leach (base), 19 June. 

1799. Richard, s: of Richard and Mildrake Leach, 25 Dec. 
1802. Anne, d : of ditto, ii April. 

Marriages : — 

1724. John Leach and Jane Molcombe, both of Monkton, 
20 Aug. 

1726. Richard Leach and Grace Stevens, both of Monkton 
1 1 June. 

1793. Francis Spurle and Hannah Leach, 24 June. 

Burials : — 

1729. Jane Leach, 9 Feby. 

1730. John Leach, 3 May. 

1730. Mary Leach, 31 May. 

1740. Grace Leach, 7 Sep. 

1754. Grace Sleach, 25 Nov. 

1761. Hannah Leach, 15 May. 

1766. Sarah Leach, 14 Feby. 

1767. Richard Leach, ii Mar. 

1792. Jeremiah Leach, aged 69, 9 Nov. 

Kingston Registers — Baptisms : — 

1686. Elizabeth, d : of John and Mary Leach, 17 Mar. 

1689. John, s: of ditto, ii Mar. 

1712. Hannah, d: of Thomas Leach, 15 Aug. 

Sidney E. Dodderidge. 

138. Cavill Family, of West Monkton. — The following 
are some entries to this family from the Registers : 

Baptisms : — 

1774. Betty, d : of John and Annie Cavill, 27 Nov. 

1775. Elizabeth, d: of ditto, 2 Mar. 

1780. William, s: of ditto, 9 Jany. 

Burials : — 

1773. Joan at Cavil, 12 Dec. 

1776. Betty Cavill, 10 Apr. 

1783. William Cavell, i Aug. 

1786. James Cavell (a lad), 21 Dec. 

Sidney E. Dodderidge. 

139. Webb of Great Canford, Dorset, and Odstock, 
Wilts. — 

It is stated in Hutchins’ Dorset, 3rd Edition, Vol. Ill, p. 295, 
that “the Manor of Canford and that of Poole, the Hundred of 
“ Cockdene, the capital messuage of Great Canford, the demesne 
“ lands belonging to it and inclosed lands there and in Hampres- 
“ ton and Wimborne Minster called the Great Park and Leigh, 
“ Park were 10 Charles I., granted to John Webb, Esquire. The 
“ seats of the Webb Fam.ily, besides this, were at Odstock, co. 
“ Wilts, and Hatherop, Co. Gloucester. Their burial place Od- 
“ stock.” 



Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

At Odstock, Wilts, stands a residence, now used as a farm- 
house, which represents the remains of what must at one time 
have been a handsome mansion, built of brick with stone dress- 
ings and mullion windows. 

Over the mantelpiece, in what is now the dining room, is an 
interesting coat of arms, those of John Webb impaling, for his 
wife Catharine, daughter of Sir Thomas Tresham, of Rushton, in 
the County of Northampton, the arms of Tresham. 

At some time, of recent years probably, the arms have been 
restored, and one or two mistakes have been made in the tinc- 
tures, and some of the coats of arms have also been otherwise 
slightly altered : they are : 

I and 4. Webb. Gules a cross between four falcons closed, or. 

2. Abarow. Azure two swords in saltire between four fleurs de Us 

or, [this should be sable and not azure.~\ 

3. Argent a chevron in chief two quartrefoils in base a 
martlet azure. 

The impaled coat is 

] . Tresham. Per saltire azure and argent hi chief and in base six 
trefoils slipped argent two one and one two ; [this 
should be sable and or instead of azure and 

2. As No. 3 in the Webb coat but it should be 

Pevensey. Argent a chevron engrailed azure between three 
martlets sable. 

3. Gules a fret or \ this should be 

Tollemache. Argent a fret sable a label of three points gules (by 
reason of the circular shape of the shield at 
Odstock the label would scarcely be shown.) 

4. Azure three lions passant in pale argent ; this 
should be 

English. Sable three lions passant in pale argent. 

5. Urswicke. Argent on a bend sable three lozenges of the field on 

each a saltire gules. 

6. Azure a lion or ; should be Per pale sable and 
Champneys, argent a lion rampant gules. 

7. Pilkington. Argent a cross voided gules. 

8. Parr. Argent two bars azure a bordure engrailed sable. 

9. Argent three water bougets azure : should be Or 

Roos. three water bougets sable. 

10. Crophull. Argent a saltire gules. 

11. Verdon. Or a fret gules. 

12. Beauchamp. Or a fess gules. 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries.^ 


The earliest Webb, of whom there is mention, was a con- 
temporary of John Halle, of Salisbury, and, like him, a merchant 
of the Staple. John Halle died 19 Edward IV. (1480) : this Webb 
is referred to by Aubrey as a Woolstapler; but nothing more is 
known of him. Possibly William Webb alias Kellowe, who was 
Mayor of Salisbury four times, viz. in 1496, 1512, 1514 and 1523, 
may have been a son or grandson of his ; he was thrice married, 
and the late Mr. H. J. F. Swayne, in his valuable articles on 
“ Gleanings from the Archives of Salisbury,” hazarded the opinion 
that one of his wives was a grand-daughter of John Halle. In 
1496, Henry VII. and his Queen came to Salisbury during his 
^Mayoralty. Mr. Swayne also hazarded the conjecture that Audley 
house in Crane Street, Salisbury, was the residence of this Wil- 
liam Webb, and in the room, now used as the Church House 
Library, is to be seen the Webbs’ Merchant’s Mark on a shield 
on one of the corbels. He died in 1523, and in his Will dated 
13 July, 1523, it is stated that he was christened at St. Laurence’s, 

His son, William Webb, was Mayor of Salisbury in 1533 and 
1552, and M.P. 1529, 1536 and 1547 1 he acquired the Manor of 
Odstock in 1540, died in 1553, and was buried in St. Thomas’ 
Church, Salisbury, leaving by his wife Catherine, daughter of 
John Abarow, of Charford in the County of Southampton, two 
sons: William, the younger son, was Mayor of Salisbury in 1562, 
and M.P. in 1559, and married Catherine, daughter of John 
Tourney, of Paine’s Place and Motcombe, Dorset, where he 
settled; and John, the elder son, married Anne, daughter of 
Thomas Wilford, of Hartridge, Kent ; he was M.P. for Sarum in 
1559, Mayor in 1561, and died in London i February, 1570; he 
was buried in St. Thomas Church, Salisbury, where there is a 
brass — unfortunately mutilated — with the effigies of himself, his 
wife and six children [Kite’s Monumental Brasses~\. He may have 
built the mansion at Odstock ; for, outside, on the front wall, 
there is a shield with his coat of arms, viz. Quarterly, Wehh and 
Abarow, surmounted by his crest ; underneath is a stone with this 


IVN ^^^12 

The ends of the W are carried down into a device like a true 
lover’s knot : but this stone was most probably only meant to 
record the date, when he went to live there. Until 1567, John 
Webb is described in all deeds to which he was a party, as “ of, 
the City of New Sarum in the County of Wilts Merchant ” : 
whilst his maternal uncle, Anthony Abarow, is described “ of 
Odstock in the County of Wilts Generosus.” “ Honor Barrowe, 
daughter of Anthony barrow, gent.” was ” chrystened ” there in 

212 Somerset ^ Dorset Notes &> Queries, 

1566 (Odstock Register). After 1567, when JohnWebb is de- 
scribed “ of Odstock in the County of Wilts Armiger,” Anthony 
Abarow is described “of Moyles Court in the County of South- 
ampton Armiger.” 

John Webb’s father, William Webb, acquired Odstock, as 
mortgagee, of Richard Gerbert. The Gerberts or Gerberds are 
described “ of Odstock in the County of Wilts ” down to 22 
Henry VIII. (1531) : they had been seated there for many years, 
and presented to the living from^ 1229 to 1522. 

William Webb during all his life is described, in deeds, “ of 
the City of New Sarum ” sometimes “Armiger” sometimes 
“ Merchant” : and probably never lived at Odstock, although his 
daughter, Catherine, was christened there on the i8th May, 1543 
(Odstock Register). 

Anne, widow of John Webb, married again ; for she was party 
to an Indenture of Lease dated 7 June, 1 1 James 1(1613), made be- 
tween Anne Whyte, of Charford in the County of Southampton, 
Widow, and Sir John Webb, of Odstock in the County of Wilts, 
Knight, son of the said Anne, of the one oart, and Robert Jole, 
of the City of New Sarum, Tanner, of the other part, whereby 
“ All that capital messuage or tenement, &c., situate lying and 
“ being in Castle Street late in the tenure of Sir Edward Penrud- 
“docke Knight deceased or his assigns bounded by lands of 
“Thomas Eyre Gent on the North the great river or stream on 
“ the West the said Street on the East and the House of Correc- 
“ tion on the South ” was demised to the said Robert Jole for the 
term of twenty-one years, at the yearly rent of £ 13 : 11 : 8 
[Original amongst Sarum City Muniments]. 

John Webb, of Odstock, son of John Webb and Anne Wil- 
ford, married, first, Edith, daughter of William Falconer, of 
Laverstock — the Falconers were, like the Webbs, successful 
merchants, and were in business in Salisbury — and secondly, 
Catharine, daughter of Sir Thomas Tresham. This was a very 
important marriage for him. Catharine Tresham’s mother was 
Muriel Throckmorton, her grandmother Eleanor Catesby, and 
her great-grandmother Mary, daughter of Lord Parr. 

Both the Tresham and Catesby families were implicated in 
the Gunpowder Treason and Plot. 

John Webb was knighted, and is the John Webb who, in 
1634, 10 Charles I, acquired Canford. 

The son of Sir John Webb and Catharine Tresham was 
created a Baronet; the Baronetcy descended from father to son 
until, on the death, in 1797, of Sir John Webb, of Canford and 
Odstock, the fifth in descent from Sir John Webb and Catharine 
Tresham, without a son, it passed to his nephew, Sir Thomas 
Webb, and became extinct on the death of the latter’s son, Sir 
Henry Webb, in 1876. 

This last Sir John Webb left an only daughter, Barbara — 

Somerset & Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


his other children having died in infancy — who married the 5th 
Earl of Shaftesbury, and their only child, Barbara, married in 1814, 
the third son of the 3rd Lord Bessborough, who in 1838 was 
created Lord de Mauley in right of his wife, whose grandmother. 
Lady Webb, was Mary, daughter of Thomas Salvaine and IMary 
Talbot, one of the co-heiresses to the Barony of de Mauley. 

The only monument to the Webbs in Odstock Church is a 
handsome one, originally in the chancel now moved into the 
nave, erected by the last Sir John Webb to record the deaths of 
four children who died in infancy. It bears altogether six shields, 
but three of them are blank. 

Upon one shield at the top of the monument are the arms of 
Wehh with* crest : Out of a ducal coronet azure a demi-eagle gules. 

Upon the first and the third shields, at the base of the monu- 
ment, are these arms : 

Webb, impaling Abarow ; [the latter coat wrongly tinctured 
azure for sable.] 

Webb, Argent a cross pattee and in chief three choughs 


These coats were “restored,” presumably at the same time 
as the coat of arms in the Manor House, and since the Abarow 
coat is wrongly tinctured, it is likely that the unidentified coat 
may similarly be wrong. 

The pulpit in Odstock Church is said to have been removed 
from the Chapel in the Manor House, when a great part of the 
house was demolished. It formerly had a sounding-board, and 
is a fine example of an Elizabethan pulpit in carved oak: the 
sounding-board, when the Church was restored some years ago, 
was taken down and placed under the pulpit. On one of the 
panels of the pulpit surmounted by a crown is E R 1580 in gold 
letters, and round the sounding-board the inscription “ God 
bless I and save our loyal Queen ( the lyke on earth | was 
never seen.” 

Various conjectures have been made who the Kellowes were. 
Mr. Swayne mentioned several families of Kellowe or Kelwaye in 
South Wilts, but omits mention of a branch of that family which 
was seated at Rockbourne, Hants, from 1448, when John Kayle- 
waye succeeded to the important estates in Hants, Wilts, Dorset 
and Somerset, of the Bissets and de Romeseys, in right of his 
maternal grandmother, Mary, daughter of Walter de Romesey, 
till certainly 16 ro. [Historical Notes of South Somerset, by John 
Batten, F.S.A., pp. 44-45.] 

The Odstock property was sold by Sir John Webb just 
before his death, {circa 1790), to the Earl of Radnor : Canford 
passed, under his will, to his daughter. Lady Barbara Ponsonby : 
his other considerable estates were severed from the Baronetcy 
and passed, also under his will, to an adopted son, 

A mural tablet with a coat of arms, in Salisbury Cathedral, 


Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries. 

records the latter’s death : and also the death of a gallant son of 
his, who died at Scutari, ten days after the Battle of Balaklava, 
of wounds received in the brilliant light cavalry charge. 

The Arms of Webb are there differenced by a curious bor- 
dure and different tinctures and are : 

Azure a cross cheeky gules and argent between four falcons closed 
of the second all within a hovdure componh silver and or gouttee de 
sang, for Webb, impaling Argent a lion rampant in chief two dexter 
hands gules in base a mullet azure, (apparently Magawley). 

Salisbury, 15 Nov., igo6. John J. Hammond. 

140. Somerset Books and Magazine Articles, 1906. — 
Ainslie (Kathleen) Catherine Susan and Me’s Coming Out, illus. 

Catherine Susan’s Calender, 1907, illus. 

Sammy goes a Hunting, illus. 

Why was he late ? illus. 

Ancient Quadrilateral, An (Mid-Somerset). Spectator, 1 8 Aug., 1906. 
Bailey (Leonora) My Cats, illus. viii -f 108 pp. Taunton. 

Balch (H. E.) The Caverns of Somerset, illus. St. Martin's le 
Grand, Jan., 1906. 

Barrington Court, illus. Daily Chronicle, 3 April, 1906. 
Barrington Hail. Illus. London News, 25 Aug., 1906. 

Bath & Wells Diocesan Gazette, Monthly, Jan. to Dec. 1906. 
Bath & Wells Diocesan Kalendar for the year of our Lord 1906, 
with map of the Diocese, edited by the Rev. E. H. Bates, 
M.A., crown 8vo., xii + 240 pp. Taunton. 

Bishop (Edmund) on the History of the Christian Altar, reprinted 
from the Downside Review, July, 1905, with a Bibliographical 

Brereton (Austin) Henry Irving, with portrait, fcp. 4to, viii + 76 pp. 

(R. P.) On the characteristics and classification of the 

Church Towers of Somerset, illus., royal 8vo., 26 pp. 
Brockington (Rev. A. A.) The Disciple in the Seven Churches, 
fcp. 8vo., vi -j- 92 pp. Taimton. 

The Wayfarer : The Audience Chamber. The Garden of 

God. The Workshop. The Sanctuary. Extra fcap. 8vo., 
36 pp. Taunton. 

Cheddar Cliffs. Illus. London News, 25 Aug., 1906. 

Clatworthy (Eland) with portrait. Fanner and Stockbreeder, 25 
June, 1906. 

Cox (Rev. Dr. J. C.) The Churches of the Hundred of Carhamp- 
ton. AthencBum, 15 and 29 Sept., 1906. 

Dale (T. F.) The Horse for Exmoor. Baily's Mag., Sept., 1906. 
Day (E. H.) St. Dunstan and Glastonbury Abbey. Treasury, 
May, 1906. 

Devon and Somerset Staghounds, First Run for 1906. Illus. 

London News, 18 Aug., 1906. 

Exmoor Stag Hunting, illus. Bystander, 22 Aug., 1906. 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes Queries. 


Exmoor, Riding the Staghounds over. Daily's Mag., Oct. 1906. 

Folliott (Thomas) The Quantock Hills. Stanzas written in the 
neighbourhood of Holford. Fcp. 8vo., 40 pp. 

Frome and District, Guide to, illus. 

Fry (Sir Edward) Thought — Consciousness — Life. Contemporary 
Review, Yob., 1905. 

The Right of Neutrals as illustrated by recent events. 

Royal 8vo., 8 pp. 

Glastonbury Lake Village, Eighth Report, by Messrs. Gray & 
Bulleid. Brit. Assoc. Report, 1906. 

Goodman, Illustrated Guide and Directory of Taunton and 
Neighbourhood, with map and illus., crown 8vo., xxii + 
355 pp. Taunton. 

Gray (H. St. George) The Beaker Class of Fictilia found in 
association with remains of the Roman period. Antiquary, 
Jan., 1906. 

Excavations at the Stripple Stones, East Cornwall. Brit. 

Assoc. Report, 1906. 

Roman metal lamps found in Britain (chiefly Somerset), 

illus. Connoisseur, Jan., 1906. 

A Maori Canoe Baler in Taunton Castle Museum. 

Man. Jan., igo6. 

Japanese Kakemono in Taunton Castle Museum, illus. 

Connoisseur. Feb., 190b. 

Paper on Antiquities from Ham Hill, Somerset, and the 

neighbourhood. Athenaum, 7 Apr., 1906. 

Nailsea Glass Jugs, illus. Connoisseur, May, 1906. 

Stone Monuments, astronomically considered. Antiquary, 

Oct., 1906. 

A Remarkably Thin Arrow-head, from Cannington Park 

Camp, near Bridgwater, illus. Man. Oct., 1906. 

- — On some Antiquities found at Hamdon or Ham Hill, 

Somerset, and in the neighbourhood. Proceedings of the 
Society of Antiquaries of London, (2nd series,) Vol. xxi. 

General Pitt-Rivers, D.C.L., F.R.S., illust. Reprinted 

from the “Old Memorials of Wiltshire.” 

Green (Emanuel) Pedes Finium, commonly called Feet of Fines, 
of the County of Somerset, Fourth Series, Henry iv to 
Henry vi, fcp. 4to., xx -f 250 pp. Somerset Record Society, 
Vol., 22. 

Greswell (Rev. W. H. P.) The Battle of Aethandune [Edington] 
Athence^mi, 18 Aug., 1906. 

Hanks (Rev. W. P.) The Eternal Witness and other Sermons, 
with Preface by Preb. N. Thompson. Crown 8vo.,i72 pp. Bath. 

Heather (F. R.) Yeovil with its surroundings, with a Foreword by 
Walter Raymond, map and illus. Crown 8vo., 136 pp. 

Hemmons (W. Crofton) The Quantocks and some Literary 
Associations. Somerset County Gazette, 24 Mar., 1906. 


Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries, 

Humphreys (A. L.) Somersetshire Parishes. A Handbook of 
Historical Reference to all places in the County. Crown 
4to., xviii + 858 pp. 

March-Phillipps (L.) The West Country. The Speaker, 18 Aug., 1906. 

Marson (Rev. C. L.) And Ard. A Foreword upon the sore need 
of Training for the Clergy. Cr. 8vo., 16 pp. Tauntovu. 

Imitators of God. The Optimist, July, 1906. 

— Socialism and the Church. Commonwealth, Oct., 1906. 

Socialists and Education. Commonwealth, Dec., 1906. 

Meehan (J. F.) More Famous Houses of Bath and District, with 
an introduction by Egerton Castle, illustrated with 50 repro- 
ductions of original drawings in possession of the author. 
Royal 8vo., 248 pp. Bath. 

Hetling House, Bath, being some account of its ancient 

history and modern uses, with notes by the Rector of 
Bath, illus. 8vo. Bath. 

Old Time Celebrities. The Viscountess Beaconsfield 

Mystery. New Album of Modes, Sept. 1906. 

Moore (Rev. D.) A Guide to Holy Confirmation. 21 pp., with 
blank pages for notes. Brislington. 

Moss (Fletcher) Pilgrimages to Old Homes. Third Series, 
Somerset, etc., illus. Royal 8vo., xii -f 394 pp. 

Powell (Rev. A. H.) The Ancient Borough of Bridgwater in the 
County of Somerset, with map and 9 full page illustrations, 
demy 8vo., viii + 312 pp. Bridgwater. 

Raymond (Walter) A School History of Somerset, illus. Crown 
8vo., xii 4- 218 pp. 

— The Old “ Projicker.” Daily Mail, 20 June, 1906. 

The Book of Simple Delights. Cr. 8vo., viii + 296 pp. 

Read (M. M.) Wicker Work. Farm and Garden, 21 July., 1906. 

Salmon (Arthur L.) Literary Rambles in the West of England, 
with frontispiece. Extra crown 8vo., viii + 342 pp. 

Snell (F. J.) The Blackmore Country, with 50 full page illus., 
from photographs by C. W. Barnes, Plans and map. Demy 
8vo., xxiv -f 288 pp. 

Memorials of Old Somerset, edited by F. J. Snell, with 

many illustrations. Demy 8vo., xiv 292 pp. 

Somerset Descriptive, Pictorial. An Historical Guide to the 
business centres. Health and Pleasure Resorts, and Places 
of Interest in the County, profusely illustrated. Royal 
4to., j88 pp. 

Somerset, Folk Songs from, gathered and edited with pianoforte 
accompaniment by Cecil J. Sharp, and Charles L. Marson, 
Third Series, demy 4to., xii + 82 pp. 

Somerset. Inquisitions and Assessments relating to Feudal Aids 
with other analagous documents preserved in the Public 
Record Office, A.D. 1284-1431, prepared under the super- 
vision of the Deputy Keeper of the Records. 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 217 

Somerset Men in London. Fourth Annual Report, 1904-5. Crown 
oblong 4to., 40 pp. 

Somerset Place Names, Bristol Times Mirror. Parts v, i Feb. ; 
vi, 14 Mar.; vii. 19 April; viii. 2 June ; ix. 9 Aug. ; x. 
30 Aug. ; xi. 7 Nov., igo6. 

Somerset, Victoria History of the County of, Edited by William 
Page, F,S.A. Vol. i. Imp. 8vo., xxvi + 538 pp., with maps 
and illus. 

Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society Pro- 
ceedings for the year 1906, with illus., demy 8vo., part i, 
viii -f- 106, part ii, 210 pp. Taunton. 

Somersetshire, West, Old English Country Cottages in, with 1 1 
illustrations. Winter No. Studio. 

Stevenson (W. H.) The Battle of Ethandun. AthencBum, 15 Sept., 

Stewart (A.) The Booming of Canada. Notes of a trip to Canada 
in 1906. Cr. 8vo., 8pp. Frome 

St. Catherine’s Court, Somerset, illus. Country Life, 24 Nov., 1906. 

Strachey, Sir Edward, Bart., M.P. Country Gentleman, 3 Mar., 

Taunton, With descriptive letterpress, map and 32 illustrations, 
60 pp. 

Tuck (W.) Notes on the History of Argyle Chapel, Bath, with 
frontispiece, 8vo., 37 pp. Bath. 

Veal (Oliver Edward) of Radstock, with portrait. Daily Graphic, 
9 July, 1906. 

Walker (E. G. F.) Dairy Industry of Somerset, demy 8vo., 1 3 pp. 
Journal of the British Dairy Farmers' Association, part 20. 

Walter (of Hensleigh) The Ham Hill Bowl, with 3 illus. The 
Antiquary, April, 1906. 

Warren (F. C.) The County Council and Langport Railway. 
G.W.R. Mag., June 1906. 

Watson (W. G. Wills) The House of Martin, being chapters in 
the history of the West of England branch of that family, 
with an Introduction by H. Tapley Soper, F. R. Hist. Soc., 
illus., roy. 8vo., xii -{-146 pp. Kxeter. 

Wessex, painted by Walter Tyndall, described by Clive Holland, 
with 75 full page coloured illus., and map, square demy 8vo., 
xii + 280 pp. 

Whistler (C. W.) Gerald the Sheriff. A. Story of the Sea in the 
days of Rufus, illus., by Lancelot Speed, crown 8vo., 
X + 296 pp. 

Williams (J. E. Hodder) The Life of Sir George Williams, illus. ; 
crown 8vo., xvi 356 pp. 

Woodburn (H. B.) A jaunt in the West Country, illus. Parish 
Helper, July, 1906. 

Wynter (Maud V.) Summer Sport on Exmoor, illus. Badminton 
Mag., Aug, 1906. ' Edwin Pearce. 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

141. Battle of Sedgemoor, the Register of 
Westonzoyland, Somerset. — “ An account of the ffight that was 
on Langmore the sixth of July, 1685, between the King’s Army 
and the Duke of Monmouth. 

The Ingagement began between one and two of the clock in 
the morning. It continued near one Hour and half. There was 
kild upon the spott of the King’s souldiers sixteen five of them 
was buried in the church the rest in the churchyard and they all 
had Christian Burial, one Hundred or more of the King’s souldiers 
wounded and of which wounds many died of which wee have no 
certain account. There was kild of the rebels upon the spott 
about 300 hanged with v’ 22 of which was hanged in Gemmarck 
[gimmaces] about 500 brought into our church of which there 
was 79 wounded and 5 of them died of their wounds in our church. 
The D. of M. was beheaded July 15th A.D. 1685.” 

Expended upon Middlezoy people when they went 

through Weston a prosion . . . . . . ..26 

Expended when Monmouth was taken upon ringers . . 8 8 

Paid for ye King’s proklomason and frame . . . . 10 

Paid for ffranckemsense and peitch and ressom and other 
things to burn in the church after ye prissoners was 
gon out . . . . . . . . . . . . ..58 

Ffor ringing when the King was in the More . . ..50 

The foregoing is copied from a Register and Account Book 
in St. Mary’s Church, Westonzoyland. 

W. J. Rogers. 

142. Ball Family, of Devon. — 

Pole, in his Collections towards a Description of the County of 
Deyon, states that the manor of Ballehayes, near Axminster, was 
given to John, son of Walter de Ball, in the reign of Richard the 
First, by William, baron of Torriton, on his marriage with Alis, 
daughter of Matthew de Torriton, his father’s uncle. It is stated 
that the Ball family continued to hold this Manor until it was sold 
to Sir William Bonville in the reign of Richard II. 

Prince seems to link this Ball family of Axminster with that 
of Mamhead, which traced its pedigree to Nicholas Ball, of 
Chudleigh, in Devon, in the 15th century. 

I. Is it known whether the “ William, baron of Torriton,” 
is identical with the William FitzRobert, baron of “Torrington,” 
in the sarnie reign ? 

II. Are there any records relating to the Ball family of 
Axminster ? and is the present “ Ball Farm ” at Axminster the 
original seat of the family ? (In an old county history, the name 
of which I have forgotten, one of them, termed “ Lord de Bail,” 
was stated to hold another (.^) manor — that of Ballhasset — as 
well as this of Ballehayes, but I cannot trace this (.^) manor.) 

Somerset &= Dorset Notes Queries. 219 

III. Are there any records pointing to the family at Chud- 
leigh, or elsewhere in Devon, in the 15th century, being the 
same as that of the Axminster family in the 14th ? 

IV. Is anything known about the John or Walter de Ball 
first referred to ? 

Abbotsfield, St. Albans. Edwin I. Ball. 

143. — Portland, Dorset. —C.K.W. would be extremely 
obliged if any reader of S. D. N. Q. could point to any 
documentary evidence relating to Old Portland other than can be 
obtained from the British Museum, especially if relating to events 
or local names before the Conquest. 

144. Stooded. — I was making inquiries a few days ago at 
Bourton about some highway matters, and in order to get the 
information I wanted I interviewed three or four of the oldest men 
in the parish. One old man who was confined to his bed, and who 
was born in 1820, told me “he could mind when two coaches 
and a mail cart ran through Bourton daily. The roads were 
then very different to what they are now, and at one spot, just 
outside the village on the Penselwood side, there was a very soft 
place, where in wet weather the coaches used often to be 
“ stooded,^' and when this happened the guard used to blow his 
horn and all the boys, &c. in the village rushed to the place to 

I never remem.ber hearing this word '‘'‘stooded''' before. Is 
it in common use, in Dorset } 

Walter J. Fletcher. 

145. The Chafe-Chafy-Chafie, &c.. Genealogy. (X. 

I ig.) — With regard to the note on the Chaffee family the author 
of the forthcoming work may be interested to know that it is one 
of the earliest names appearing in the Pulham Registers (I am 
sorry to say they begin only in 1734. The older ones are lost). 
From that date to the present it occurs very frequently. The 
family is still represented in the parish : one old man being 86 
years old. I. Ridley. 

[The address of Mr. W. H. Chaffee should be 43-45, Worth 
Street, New York, not North Street, as printed in our last issue. 

Dorset Editor.] 

146. Humming-Bird Moth. (X. 1 1 9, 1 69). — The Humming-, 
Bird Moth has certainly been plentiful this year, and remarkably 
early in its appearing. 

I saw it first on June 30th ; again on July 5th and 1 5th ; after 
that frequently, and lastly on October 4th, at Bournemouth, and 
strange to say, hovering over a window flower-box, nearly in the 


Somevs&t Dorset Notes Queries, 

centre of the town. I have never seen it — at least of late years — 
earlier than July 15th, nor later than September 28th (1901), and 
although I have observed it scores of times, I never saw it settle 
on a flower until this year, when I watched one perfectly still for 
some seconds. I. Ridley. 

147. Christian’s Cross. (X. 171.) — This is probably the 
burying place of a suicide of that name. We have also in Somer- 
set, Badger’s Cross, Naish’s Cross, Gold's Cross, Slone's Cross, and 
many more. (See W df D. IV. Q., 1901, pp. 26, 83). 

Downside Abbey, Bath. Ethelbert Horne. 

148. Heraldry of Sampson. (X. 178). — The blazon 

“ Azure a cross moline argent,” is given also in Devon N. Q. 
over the same signature. The variations of Sampson are so many, 
that it is difficult to trace the families, but the modern Armories 
say, Sampson of Colyton, Devon, (where they have resided over 
two centuries). Or. More families bore “ Or a cross moline 
azure” ; the oldest I can find is “ Or a cross moline sable” ; but 
it is the impaling that I want to say a few words about. The 
monument says that John Sampson married Mary, daughter of 
Samuel Taner, of Crealey in the Parish of Farringdon ; and gives 
her coat as “ Argent two bars gules, on a chief of the last three 
mullets of the field.” Now this Taner (see Colby’s Devon 
Visitation of 1620), was really a Mortymer alias Tanner, therefore 
this should be the coat of Sir Constantine Mortimer, which is 
almost the last reversed, viz., Gules two bars and in chief three 
pierced mullets argent.” That this is the Taner intended is 
proved by the residence, Crealey, which in the Visitation is given 
as Crailey and Crayley ; of which Pole, p. 159, says “ Crowlegh, 
&c., and their {sic) dwelled Mr. George Tanner ” : whilst Lysons’s 
Devon calls it Crowley and Creely. F.W. 

149. S. & D. Inscriptions in Salisbury Cathedral. 

(X. 179.) — D’Aubigny Turbervile, M.D., died in 1696, so the 
Daubeny Turberville, M.D., mentioned by Collinson Vol. IL, 
p. 175, was not the same, as the deed of the latter, granting a 
charity of to the Wayford poor, is dated 1723. Was he the 
first’s son The impaling on the shield on p. 180 is Ford, and 

should be blazoned : “ Per fess argent and sable, in chief a grey- 
hound courant and in base an owl counterchanged, within 
bordure engrailed of the first.” F.W. 

150. Somerset Superstition. (X. 170). — The Super- 
stition referred to by Mr. Horne is very prevalent in this part of 
Somerset. I have known it for forty years. The hare frequently 
crops up in folk lore. It is uncanny for a hare to cross your 
path, and a witch frequently assumes the shape of a hare. 

W. Macmillan. 

Somerset & Dorset Notes & Queries. 


151. Newman, Aged 132. (X. 171). — “Another person 

of the name of Newman, who was coroner for this county, is said 
to have been buried at King’s Weston at the age of 132.” 
Collinson’s Somerset Vol. II. , page 414 (note). 


152. Canterbury Marriage Licences. (X. 85). — In 
the 6th series of these Licences, published by Mr. J. Meadows 
Cowper, which embraces the period 1726-1750, and brings his 
labours to a conclusion, there is but one entry relating to Dorset, 
p. 268. McNabb, Francis, of Weymouth, ba., and Anne King of 
S.M. in Dover, spr., at S. Marg., Cant., Jan. 8, 1749. 

Geo. S. Fry. 

153. Benefit Club Pole Heads. (IX. 305). — Our sub- 

scriber, The Right Honble. Sir Spencer Ponsonby Fane, K.C.B,, 
has written an article on the above subject, which appears in the 
April number of The Connoisseur. The Editors. 

154. Defence of Dorset Against Invasion (IX, 137, 

178, 227, 273, 359). — We have received from Mr. Richard Hine, 
of Beaminster, a photograph of the document, printed below, 
which throws further light on this interesting subject. We are 
glad to find a place for it in our pages. Dorset Editor. 


Precept to Stationary Agents. 

To Mr. Willm. Collins, Stationary Agent of the Tything of 
Nettlecombe, in the Division 0/ Beaminster. 

Geo. Hart, 


By VIRTUE of, and in Pursuance of the Plans and Arrange- 
ments adopted and acted upon by His Majesty’s Government, in 
Conformity to the Acts of Parliament for the Defence of the 
Country: — These are to will and require you, immediately on 
Receipt hereof, to take Account of the Dead Stock, viz. Flour, 
Wheat, Oats, Hay, Straw, and Fuel, and every other Description 
of Property within your Jurisdiction, which have been allotted to 
your Care by the Superintendant of your Town or Hundred ; and 
which can be supplied to the King’s Forces in Case of Need, to 
be accounted for, and to entitle the Owners to Repayment. — 
These Articles, in Case of actual Invasion, are to be collected 
and placed in some convenient Place as a Deposit or Depot, upon 
an Order being given for that Purpose ; and after the same have 
been so deposited, you are to take Receipts for such Articles as 
shall be delivered out by you, — You are also to affix the Waggon 

2 22 Somerset & Dorset Notes & Queries, 

Conductors, and to see that not more than the under-mentioned 
Quantities be carried in each Waggon, &c. viz. 

One Waggon, with 4 Horses or more, 50 Cwt. of heavy, and 20 Cwt. of bulky Articles. 

One Ditto, 3 Horses 40 Cwt. 20 Cwt. 

One Cart, with 3 Horses or more, 30 Cwt. of heavy, and 15 Cwt, of bulky Articles. 

One Ditto, 2 Horses 20 Cwt. 15 Cwt. 

You are to provide each Waggon Conductor with a Certificate, 
stating the Quantity and Description of the Articles under his 
Care, and to what Place or Places they are to convey the same. — 
You are to remain in your Parish or Place, so long as the same 
shall not be in the actual Possession of the Enemy, and until the 
Stock is completely removed; and upon your leaving such Parish 
or Place, you are to assist in destroying the Mills and Ovens, and 
other Articles which may be useful to the Enemy. — You are also 
to take Care that the Overseers for the Removal of Infirm Persons, 
and Overseers for driving Stock, are furnished with sufficient 
Provisions for their March from the Depot ; and, finally, to make 
any previous Arrangements in the Distribution and Account of 
the Articles to be committed to your Care and Management as 
shall appear to you to be necessary. And you are hereby in- 
formed, that for your Care, Trouble, and Expences, you will 
receive such Sums of Money as are settled monthly by the 
Lieutenancy or Magistracy to be just and reasonable. 

In the Performance of these Duties, towards depositing and 
providing the Supplies, and delivering out the same to be com- 
mitted to your Care, no Time should be lost by you in obtaining 
a perfect Knowledge of the several Particulars before mentioned 
and according to the Form below, and if any Difficulty should 
arise, you will not fail to call for the Advice and Assistance of the 
Superintendant, to whom you are required from Time to Time to 
report your Proceedings ; and if in the Prosecution of these 
Enquiries any Obstruction or Hindrance should be given, you 
will immediately inform such Superintendant thereof, who will 
communicate the same to the Lieutenant of the Division, in 
order that such Person or Persons may be proceeded against under 
the several Acts of Parliament: And you yourself are not to 

omit under the Penalty of One Hundred Pounds. 

Given under my Hand and Seal of Office this 20 th Day of 
March^ 1804. 

By Order of the Lord Lieutenant, 

Edward Boswell^ 
Clerk of the General Meetings. 

Form of the Entry to he made hy Stationary Agents ; and a Copy 
sent to the Superintendant, S^c : — No. Names of Owners. 
Quarters of unthreshed Wheat. Barley. Oats. Beans and 
Pease. Quarters of Flour. Malt. Tons of Hay. Straw. Wood. 
Sacks of Potatoes. Barrels of Beer. Packs of Wool. Where 

Somerset Dorset Notes S> Queries. 223 

155* William Cross, B.D., Vicar of Taunton, 1679 to 
1683. — The following entries taken from the parish registers of 
Colyton, Devon, evidently relate to him ; — 

1679. Mr. William Cross minister of Taunton was married to 
Mrs. Sarah Simpson the iii. day of January. 

1683. Rowland Crosse Gen^- sonn of Mr. William Crosse 

Minister of Taunton deceased was buried the viii. day 
of March. 

1684. Mrs. Sarah Crosse daughter of Mrs. Sarah Crosse wid°- 

buried last fFebruary. 

1733. Sarah Cross buried February 10. 

Robert Simpson was Vicar of Colyton from 1676 to 1684. 
Mrs. Sarah Simpson was probably a member of his family. 

A. J. P. Skinner. 

156. “Clipping” Yew-trees. — Does any record exist of 
an annual custom (probably in spring) of children surrounding a 
yew-tree in the churchyard, by joining hands in a ring round the 
tree, just as, in some places, the Church is (or was) “ clipped ” ? 
Also, did the children of Sandford Orcas “clip” the yew-tree at 
the Coronation of George III. } Any evidence or tradition would 
be welcome. 

Wellfield, Minchinhampton, Glos. J. B. Partridge. 

157. Dorset Recoveries. (VI. pp. 14, 116, 164, 213, 254, 
314. 343 » VII. 17, 59, 107, 144, 196, 250, 298, 338, VIII. 8, 55, 
127, 164, 252, 323, IX. 44, 84, 122, 165, 209, 263, 312, 364, X. 
36, 116, 158.)— 

Charles II’s Reign (continued). 

Hil. 26th I — John Criche, senior, gen., Edward Bartlett, 
27th year > senior y. John Criche, junior . — 2 messuages & 

8 ) iio acres in Wymborne Minster, Wilkes- 

worth, Honeybrooke, & Holt. (Vouchee, 
Thomas Gillingham, gen.) 

Ditto ) — James Gould, junior, merchant v. Nicholas 

123 J Gould, John Hayward, gen . — 142 acres & 

a moiety of 179 acres in Weeke Regis, 
Northover, Southover, & Elwell. (Vouchee, 
Thomas Waltham). 

Ditto ) — George Strode, gen,, Richard Strode, gen., 

26 ) V. John Streete, gen., Henry Samway es, 

junior, gen . — Manor of Upsidling & a , 
messuage, 7 acres of garden, & 1270 acres 
there and in Broadsidling, Mynterne Magna, 
& Upcerne. (Vouchee, Thomas Hardy, 

Somerset & Dorset Notes & Qiienes 


East. 27th 





Trin. 27th 




27th year 

Hil. 27th & 
28th years. 

\ — John Lawrence^ Esq. v. Arthur Radford, Esq. 

) Manor of Dewlish, & 20 messuages, a 

watermill, 2 pigeoncots, & 2300 acres there 
& in Milborne, Styleham, IMilborne St. 
Andrewes, Admiston, Piddletowne, Raw- 
Rawstone alias Antiocheston, & Tarrant 

) — Thomas AUngton, gen. v. Andrew Loader, gen. 
j George Keate, gen. — Manor of Child 

Okeford & 8 messuages & 712 acres there 
& in Okeford Shilling, Sturmister Newton 
Castle, & Gebson. (Vouchees, Thomas 
Ryves, S.T.P., & Honora his wife.) 

— John Nicholls, gen. v. Nicholas Ingram. — A 
j messuage & 18 acres in Child Okeford. 
(Vouchee, Robert Seamor.) 

' — Ralph Grainge, gen. v. William Parslow, gen. 

> The borough of Stoborough & manors of 
) Stower Payne, Stoborough, Kingston & 
Arne & Sleape, & 30 messuages & 2460 
acres in these places; Hanford, Aish, West- 
port Juxta Wareham, Worgret, Wareham, 
Radcliffe, Norden, Kingston, & Shapwick. 
Fishing in the waters of Wareham, the 
rectory of Shapwick, & the advowsons of 
the churches of Pimperne & St. Martin’s, 
Trinity, St. Michael, & St. Peter in Ware- 
ham, and of Shapwick. (Vouchee, George 
Pitt, Esq.) 

) — John Soutliby Esq., Humphry Norhorne, 
j gen. V. James Smyth. — 14 messuages & 340 
acres in Shaston, Shaston St. James, 
Alcester alias Almcester, Marnhill, & 
Winterborne Kingston and the rectory of 
Winterborne Kingston. (Vouchee, Robert 
Foyle, Esq., who calls Edward Foyle, gen.) 

— Matthew Compton, William Muston v. 
Robert Steevens, & SwithinCleeves. — 27 acres 
in Kentsworth & Marnhull. Vouchees, 
John Hilson alias Burge &: Julian his wife 
who call Thomas Hilson alias Burge.) 

\ — John Williams, junior, gen. w John Cole, gen., 
( G- Edward Periam, gen. — 2 messuages & 
) 2 acres in Sherborne. (Vouchee, Richard 





East. 28th 

2 1 

East. 28th 
year — i 69 





Trin. 28th 
year — 14 



Somerset S> Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

) — William Portman, hart., Arthur Onslow, Esq., 
) &• Richard Crohe, Esq, sergeant -at -law v. 

Lawrence Broyne, gen., Richard Kittlehy, 
gen. — Manor of Pilesden, and 34 messuages, 
I watermill, i pigeoncot, & 760 acres & 
fishing there & in Marshwood, Atram, 
Netherbury, Whitchurch, Chyddeocke, 
Burstocke, Stowdley & Simondsbury & 
the advowson of Pilesdon. (Vouchee, 
Thomas Wyndham, Esq.) 

\ — Edward Periam, gen., &> Robert Staynoe, 
} gen. V. Robert Dowdinge. —A messuage in 
) Sherborne. (Vouchee, William Hearne). 

i — Matthew Coynpton William Muston, v. 
i Robert Steevens &> Swithin Cleeves. — 27 acres 
in Kentsworth & Marnhull. (Vouchee, 
John Hilsdon alias Burge & Julian his wife 
who call Thomas Hilsdon alias Burge 
who calls Richard Hilsdon alias Burge.) 

) — George Ryves, Esq., v. Nicholas Ingram, gen. 
) A messuage & 23 acres in Child Okeford. 
(Vouchee, Henry Spencer.) 

— George Ryves, Esq., v. Nicholas Ingram gen. 
A messuage & 10 acres in Child Okeford. 
(Vouchee, William Muston, Junior.) 

— Henry Samwayes, junior, gen, v. George 
Palmer, gen,, John Sweete, gen. — Manor 
of Henbury & 5 messuages & 686 acres 
there & in Sturmister Marshall, CorfFe 
Hubert & CorfFe Mullinge. (Vouchee, 
Charles Morton, gen.) 

) — John Williams, junior, gen. v. Edward 
j Periam, gen., &> Henry Thornhull, gen . — 
Manor of Milton subter Stower & 5 

messuages & 304 acres in Gillingham & 
Milton subter Stower & the free chapel 
of Milton subter Stower. (Vouchees, 
Dorothy Burde, widow, Edward Burde, gen., 
& Henry Burde, gen.) 

\ — Richard Hull, gen. v. John Caines . — A 
J messuage & 32 acres in Duntish, Buckland 
Newton, Brockhampton, & Pulham. 
(Vouchee, John Herbert Coward.) 







Mich. 28th 
year — 7 







Hil. 28th 
& 29th years 

East. 29th 
year — 127 



Somerset Dorset Notes (S* Queries. 

— Thomas Bartlett, gen., &> Richard Chanyng, 
gen. V. John Wills, gen., John Herne, gen . — 
60 acres in Darkenhall, Fifehead Quinton, 
Belchalwell, & Okeford Fitzpaine. 
(Vouchee, Thomas Cooper, gen.) 

} — Robert Bragg, gen., Robert Bull v. 
Richard Bettiscombe, gen. — 3 messuages & 
147 acres in Symondsbury, South Symonds- 
bury, North Symondsbury, Atrum, Stoake 
Atrum, Marshwood, & Whitechurch. 

— Joseph Channon, gen. v. Thomas Plucknett, 
A messuage, & garden & one acre in 
Allington. (Vouchee, Robert Pitfold.) 

'1 — Theophilus Bird, gen., &> Edward Wood, gen. 
j V. Lawrence Brome, gen., Henry Plucknett, 
gen. — A messuage & 82 acres in Stockland. 
(Vouchee, William Baker.) 

> — Lionel Wall, v. Anne Muston, spinster . — 
f 9 acres in Sherborne Moore & Sherborne. 

) — Thomas Wyndham, Esq., Thomas Hussey, 

) Esq., John Smith, gen. v. William Webb, 
gen., &• Thomas Poole, gen. — Manor of 
Candle Wake & a messuage & 308 acres 
there & in Candle Episcopi, the rectory of 
Sherborne, the prebend of Sherborne & 
tithes in Sherborne. (Vouchee, John Digby, 
Esq., son & heir of George, Earl of Bristol.) 

— Samuel Webb, gen., &> Edward Brand, gen. 
V. Thomas Edwards, gen., Robert Egleton, 
gen. — A messuage & 45 acres in Marshwood 
& Abbotestoake, (Vouchee, Edward Roe.) 

— Valentine Jeffery v. Edward Periam, gen., 
Miles Corbet, gen. — ii acres in Well, Well- 
wood, Langdon, & Southperrott. (Vouchee, 
Charles Minterne.) 

J — Thomas Babington, gen. v. Joshta Wiseman, 
j gen. — A messuage, garden, & common of 

pasture in Wareham & Stoburrough. 
(Vouchees, Gabriel Redwood & Elizabeth 
his wife.) 

Somerset Dorset Notes S* Queries. 


Trin. 29th 
year — 49 

\ — fohn Nicholls, gen. v. Robert Fry, senior, Esq. 
j 3 messuages & 202 acres in Iwerne Minster, 
East Orchard, Hargrove, & Alcester alias 
Almcester. (Vouchee, Robert Fry, junior, 



) — Andrew Loader, gen., William Smyth, gen. 

) V. William Farr, gen. — A messuage & 210 
acres in Shilvington & Portesham. 

Mich. 29th 
year — 224 

j — William Bedford, gen. v. fohn Wilde, gen. — 
) 2 messuages & 130 acres in Child Okeford 

& Fitzpaine Okeford. (Vouchees, Ignatius 
White, Esq., & Thomas White, gen.) 



) — William Pawlett, Esq. v. Henry Backway, 
i gen. — Manor of Lytton alias Luton Cheyney 
& 2 messuages, a fulling mill, a water mill, 
a pigeoncot, & 650 acres there & the 
advowson of Lytton. (Vouchee, John 

Hurding, Esq.) 

F. J. P. 

158. Inscriptions in Christ Church Cathedral, 
Oxford. — The following, with a few others, occur in Anthony 
a Wood’s History of Oxford, with Continuation down to 1786, by 
John Gutch M.A., Vol. IV. They are here given somewhat more 
exactly as to lettering, spacing, etc. Change of position is noted. 

West Wall of North Transept. 

{In 1786, on a pillar in North Transept), 


Suauissimi Adolescentis Richardi Swayne ; nati ELIZ .^0 
SWAYNE AR° DORCESTRIENSI : primogenitura et meritis 
charissimi : corpore, moribus, Literatura, Elegantissimi ; biennali 
studio in spem Erectissimam prsematurati ; Graece, historice, 
poetice, Rhetorice, Logice, philosophice, pugna praesertim 
syllogistica Egregie pollentis : super om.nia Diuino Cultui 
obseruantissime Deuoti : Summo cum omnium, quibus vel fama 

Desiderio Defuncti ; 

Huius ecclesiae breue nimis Alumni : 

Resurrectionis Auroram Expectans 
Aprilis 4’ 

Anno Renouati Hominis 1634* 
iEtatis Suae ig'. 


Somerset Dorset Notes & Queries. 

West side of a pillar in East aisle of North Transept. 

H: S: J: 


Apud Wincaunton in Agro Somersetensi natus, 
in schola Wesmonasteriensi institutus, 
alumnus postea hujus aedis, et censor, 

Tandem canonicus, et thesaurarius, 
vir (si quis alius) humanitate, modestia 
et erga pauperes beneficentia, insignis 
qui obiit Oxonii, Junii xiiii 
Ao : : m m: TTxx v i‘iT. ^Et : suae lxiv. 

S: C: M: P: 

Arms : Argent, on a chevron gules, between three crows proper, 
a crescent for difference ; Croyden : impaling Quarterly, 
argent and azure, a cross engrailed, counter-changed. 

Crest : A crow\ Motto \ Sapientia donum Dei. 

North Wall of Nave in North-West Corner. 

{In 1786, on South East pillar of Steeple.) 

M. S. 

Gulielmus Levett S. T. P. 

Auls B. Mariae Magdal: Praeses, 

Ecclesiae Bristoliensis Decanus : 

Hanc ^dem, 

Quam Alumnus olim ornaverat, 

Singular! studio vivens favit, 

Moriens insolita munificentia ditavit, 

Prssertim veto 

Reliquiis suis hie ex testamento depositis 
Quas recondi voluit 
Doctoris Creed Patroni sui cineribus 

Obiit io°° Feb: An: Dom : 

Ah .^tat. 50 

Ar??is : Argent, semee of 9 crosses-crosslet fitchee, a lion rampant 


Crest: A demi-lion rampantargent,holding a cross-crosslet fitchee. 

W. C. G. Goddard. 

159. Dorset Portraits. — Can anyone identify the John 
Bryer, whose portrait was painted by Beach, and engraved by 
Val. Green, 1770, as belonging to the Dorset Bryers There 
were many Bryers living in Dorchester about that time, and to 
some of them Beach was related. 

There is also a portrait engraved from a painting by Sir. J. 
Reynolds, of John Gawder; was he related to the Dorset Gawiers? 

Somevsit Dorset Notes Queries. 229 

160. Clifton, of Barrington, Somerset. — The following 
are copied from the Colyton Church Registers : — 

^ 579 - John Cleftown of Barrenton of the countye of Somersette 
Knyghte was wedded unto the Right honorable the Ladye 
Margarette Taylboyes of Collcome wydo the xxth daye of 

1581. Wyllm Symondes the servaunt of the Ryght Worshipfull 
Syr John Clyfton of Curririvel was wedded unto Judyth 
Stapell the daughter of Walter Stapell of Coilyton the xxii‘^ 
daye of ffebruarye. 

1582. Robart ffarbye the servaunt of the Ryght honorable Ladye 
my Ladye Taylboyes of Monesowtry was wedded unto Edde 
Marwood the daughter of John Marwood of Roodegreen the 
xvi*^^ daye of Auguste. 

Sir John Clifton is referred to by Mr. Bond in his paper on 
Barrington Court in the Proc. Som. Soc. for 1891, Vol. 23, page 
29. Roadgreen is in Colyton Parish. A. J. P. Skinner. 

161. Callard, of Stockland, Dorset.— These entries 
occur in the Parish Registers of Colyton, Devon : — 

1749: Mr. John Callard of Stockland and Mrs. Mary Sampson 

of Culiton were married February 24^*^- 
1803. Mary widow of the late John Callard of Ford Lodge in 
the parish of Stockland Esq. was buried 18 March. 

In the north transept of Colyton Church, against the tower, 
is a marble tablet, with the following ; — 

A shield : Gyronny of six, or and sable, on the or a black -a- 
moore’s head sable ; impaling, Argent a cross moline gules. 

In Memory of 
Mary Callard, widow of 
John Callard, Esq. of Ford 
in the Parish of Stockland in 
the County of Dorset; and daughter 
of John Sampson Esqre, 
who died the i day of March 1803 

Aged 82. A. J. P. Skinner. 

162. Somerset and Dorset Inscriptions in Salisbury 
CA.Tii'EioKXL, continued. (X. 127, 179, 220). — 

In the North West Transept. 

In this Cathedral are interred the remains 
of James Harris Esq^- of this Close, Son oIThomas Harris Esq’^ 
of Archeston St. George, in this County, he died in 1679. Aged 74.' 
He married Gertrude daughter of Robert Tounson, 
Bishop of this Diocese. 

Of T HOMAs Harris, Esq*^ of this Close, Son of the above James 


230 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

and Gertrude his Wife, he died in 1678, Aged 36. 

Of Joan daughter of Sir Wadham Wyndham (Son of 
Sir John Wyndham, of Wyndham Orchard, in the County of 


and wife to the above Thomas Harris, who died in 1734, Aged 84. 
Of James Harris Esq^- of this Close, Son of the above Thomas 


and Joan his Wife, who died in 1731. Aged 57. 

Of the Lady Elizabeth, third daughter of Anthony Ashley^ 


second Earl of Shaftsbury and Wife to the above James Harris 
She died in 1743. Aged 62. 

Of James Harris Esq"^’ of this Close, eldest Son to the above 


James Harris and the Lady Elizabeth his Wife, he died the 

[22nd December 

1780 Aged 72, a Monument is erected to him near this spot. 

Of Elizabeth daughter of John Clarke, Esq*^- of Sandford 
in the County of Somerset and Wife of James Harris last 


She died the i October 1781. Aged 59. 

Of Elizabeth daughter of the last mentioned James and 

Elizabeth Harris 

she died the 13^^ of April 1749. Aged one Year and nine Months. 
Of John Thomas Harris, their Son who died the 9^^^ of 

[December 1752 

Aged One Year and a few Months. 

Of Thomas Harris, Master in Chancery, Brother of the last 


James Harris, he died the 21^^ February 1785. Aged 73. 

Of Catherine daughter of Sir William Knatchbull 
Wife to the above Thomas Harris, she died the of June 

[1796. Aged 86. 

Of the Hon*^ie. George Harris, Son of James Lord 


and Harriet, Lady Malmesbury : he died i8t^ June 1789. 
aged four Months. 

Of Harriet Vicountess Fitzharris, wife of 
James Edward Viscount Fitzharris, 
she died 4^1^ September 1815. Aged 32. 

Louisa Margaret Harris 
Born iitti Jany- i 753, died 26^11 May i 826 : 

Daughter of the late James Harris, Esqr. 

Also in the Vault of Grosvenor Chapel, St. George’s, Lon- 
don, lie the Remains of Harriet Mary, Countess of Malmesbury, 
widow of James, first Earl : born May 1762, died Aug. 20^^ 

T. H. Baker. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 231 

Somerset and Dorset Marriages. (VII. 315, X. 
Register of Britjord, Wilts. 

1706, May 7, John Besant to Mary Noris, of Stowerpain in Dor- 
set. Lie. 

1709, Oct. 25, William Thorn, or Pantrige, to Mary Grant, of this 
parish, banns, October ye 25. 

1712, Nov. 10, John Spinney, of Blandford, to Sarah Cooper of 
Sarum. Lie. 

1722, May 18, Wm. Oates, of Alderholt, Dorset, to Margaret 
Hobbs, Burtford. Lie. 

1742. Sept. 2, George Joyse, of Stourpain, Dorset, to Hannah 
Cox, Ibid. Lie. 

1745, June 20, John Feltham, of Bayford in the Parish of Stoke 
Trister, Somerset, to Anne Harvey, of East Ham, (Hurn- 
ham). Lie. 

T. H. Baker. 


164. Taunton Castle: Notes on its Construction and 
History. — By the Key. D. P. Alford, M.A., Taunton : Barnicott 
and Pearce, Athenaeum Press, 1906. Demy 8vo., pp. 23, with 
three illustrations. 

Mr. Alford has produced a useful sketch of the history of 
Taunton Castle, now the Head Quarters of the Somerset Arch, 
and Nat. Hist. Society, with a general description of the site and 
of the portions of the building which yet remain. He begins 
with Ine, its founder, and briefly reviews the part it has played in 
stirring times, till it sank into a state of dilapidation and decay. 
In 1785 it went through a process of restoration — if this is an 
appropriate word — and remained until 1858 as the Assize Court 
and Judges’ Lodgings. In 1874 it was purchased by the Society. 

This pamphlet will be interesting to all who are concerned 
with Somerset. It is illustrated with three plates, but a ground 
plan of the Castle and its Precincts would be a valuable addition 
to its contents. 


165. Notes on St. Martin’s Church and Parish 
Compiled by T. H. Baker. Salisbury: Brown & Co., Canal, 


Somerset c~ Dorset Notes (D Queries. 

and Bennett Brothers, Printers. Journal Office, 1906. Demy 8vo., 
pp. viii + 167 [i], with three illustrations. 

We welcome every contribution towards the history of our 
town and country parishes, and this production of Mr. Baker’s is 
an acceptable addition to our previous knowledge. 

It is not a Parish History, — a supposition that the compiler 
modestly disclaims in his preface. — but a collection of facts and 
documents, lists of officials and charities, extracts from Church- 
wardens’ Accounts and Vestry Books, a chronology of parochial 
events, &c., obtained by patient examdnation of the contents of 
St. INIartin’s Parish Chest, Salisbury, supplemented by notes 
derived from other quarters. It is thus a mine of infonnation bear- 
ing on the life of the parish in old days. 

l\Ir. Baker has added two plates of St. Martin’s Church, as it 
appeared circa 1820, and in ioo6, and a ground-plan, circa 1836, 
from Hatcher. 


166. A Treatise on the Law Concerning Names 
AND Changes of Name: — By Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, of 
Lincoln’s Inn, Barrister-at-Law, and P. W. P. Carlyon-Britton, 
F.S.A. London: Elliot Stock, 62 Paternoster Row, E.C. 1906. 
Cr. 8vo., pp. [vi] -f 1 18. 

There is much that is interesting in this little book, w’hich is 
based on articles which appeared some years ago in the 
Genealogical Magazine. The authors deal with Names, both 
Christian (or Front) Names and Surnames, and with the assump- 
tion or change of names, and much recondite lore is brought 
together, which may be studied with advantage. Some of their 
statements, however, seem to us to be too positively asserted. 
We notice, in particular, that the whole question of the change of 
Christian Names at Confirmation is ignored. “There is no way 
known to the law’ by which a man or woman can change a name 
which has been given in baptism.” P. 4. Surely, reference 
should have been given to Coke’s ruling or opinion, w’ho cites 
the case of Sir Francis Gawdie, C. J., whose name by baptism 
was Thomas, and his name of Confirmiation Francis, ” and that 
name of Francis, by the advice of all the Judges he did bear, and 
afterw’ards used in all his purchases and grants.” See Phillimore’s 
Eccl. Law, 1873, p. 673, W’ho also refers to a case occuring 21st 
Dec., 1707. Whv is no allusion made to these examples The 
giving of an additional Christian name at Confirmation by Bishop 
Ryle, of Liverpool, at St. John Bapt., Tue Brook, West Derby, 
nth June, 1S86 {N. & Q. VII. ii. p. 77) should also have been 

No reference is made to the form of signature used by a 
Clerk of the Peace. 


Somerset S* Dorset Notes Queries. 


167. Inquisitiones Post Mortem for Dorset. (VIII. 
pp. 185, 233, 281, 329, IX. pp. 49, 96, 145, 193, 241, 289, 337, X. 
pp. 41, 89, 137, 185).— 

No, 132.— ^dilUarn de Bobuti 6arl of Hortbampton. 

Inquisition taken at Gussych St. Michael before John de 
Bekynton, escheator of the lord the King in co. Dorset on 
Thursday in the Morrow of the Apostles Simon and Jude 34 
Edw. 3 [1360] by the oath of Bartholomew Payn, John Antioch^ 
Ralph Queynton, Stephen Free, William W. . . John de Stepulton, 
Richard Durneford, Peter Plesy, William Boys, Nicholas Wyltesshire, 
Philip Wyltesshire and Richard le Clerk, who say that 

William de Bohun, late Earl of Northampton held in his 
demesne as of fee on the day that he died of Edmund heir of the 
Earl of March being within age and in the wardship of the King 
by fealty and paying to the same 22s. z^d. per ann. viz. at the 
feast of St. Michael 13s. 4d., the Purification of the Blessed Mary 
4s. 5d., and at the hockday 4s. sjd., and by suit at the court of 
Gussych for all services, i messuage at Gussych which is worth 
nothing per ann. beyond reprises, and a garden the fruit whereof 
is worth per ann. 6d., and the herbage thereof 2s. lod., and a 
dovecote which is worth per ann., clear, 3s. 4d., 120 a. of arable 
land, 2 parts whereof may be sown every year, and so sown are 
worth per ann., 26s. 8d., price of the acre 4d., and the 3rd part 
lies fallow and in common and therefore is of no value ; and 8a. 
of meadow which are worth per ann., clear, i os., price of the 
acre i5d., and not more because they are hilly and dry; and 40a. of 
pasture several throughout the year which are worth per ann., 
3s. 4d., price of the acre id. ; and of the rent of a cottage there 
3S. 4d., to be paid at Christmas, Easter, Midsummer and 
Michaelmas by equal portions. 

The said deceased also held on the day that he died the 
manor of Gussych St. Michael for the term of his life of the 
inheritance of the said Edmund son and heir of the said late Earl 
of March, of the gift and grant of Richard Garlond and Richard 
Dekne, made to the said Earl and Elizabeth his wife and to the 
heirs of the said Elizabeth, the reversion of wEich said manor by 
the said grant belongs to the said Earl as kinsman and heir of 
the said Elizabeth of the Earl of Hereford by the service of paying 
yearly to the said Earl id., per ann., viz. at the feast of Easter for 
all service in which said manor there are divers buildings which 
are worth nothing per ann., beyond reprises, and a garden the 
fruit whereof is worth per ann., izd., and the herbage 6d. ; and 
I dovecote which is worth per ann., 3s. 4d. There are there 
240a. of arable land, 2 parts whereof may be sown each year: 
which 2 parts are worth per ann., 40s., price of the acre 3d., and 
the 3rd part lies fallow and ia therefore of no value ; there is there 


Somerset Dorset Notes S* Queries, 

also I a., of meadow several throughout the year, which is worth 
per ann., i8d. There are there 29a., of meadow several from the 
feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary until the hay shall 
be carried therefrom which are worth for the same time 29s., price 
of the acre i2d., and not more, because it is hilly, and after the 
hay has been carried they are in common ; also 40a., of pasture 
several throughout the year and they are worth per ann., 20s., 
price of the acre 6d. ; also 30a., of pasture several from the feast 
of Pentecost up to the feast of St. Michael which are worth for 
the same time los., price of the acre 4d., and after the said feast 
of St. Michael they are worth nothing because they lie in common ; 
and 20 a. of wood in which there is no underwood because it was 
blown down the year before the death of the said deceased. Of 
a certain custom called “ Churcheshutte ” to be paid at the feast 
of St. Martin 8 cocks and 16 hens which are worth 2s., price per 
head id. And of rent of tenants as well free as customary at the 
terms of the Nativity of the Lord, Easter, the Nativity of St. John 
the Baptist and St. Michael ;^i2 in equal portions. The works 
of the customars there in autumn 24. The pleas and perquisites 
of court are worth per ann., los. 

The said Earl of Northampton died 16 September last past ; 
Humphrey, son of the said Earl is his next heir and is aged 18 
years and more. Chan. Inq. p.m. 34 Edw. 3, n. 85. 

I John de Behynton escheator in co. Dorset certify upon the 
tenor of the King’s writ to me directed that William de Bohun late 
Earl of Northampton, deceased, was seised in his demesne as of 
fee of I messuage, i garden, i dovecote, 120 a. of arable land, 
8 a. of meadow, 40 a. of pasture and 5s. rent in Gussich in co. 
Dorset, which are worth per ann., clear, 46s. gd., and the said 
rent is to be paid at Christmas, Easter, Midsummer and Michael- 
mas ; the said premises are held of the heir of the Earl of March 
by fealty and other services, as plainly appears in a certain 
Inquisition of the said lands and tenements and others which 
were of the said late Earl and hereto sewn and returned here 
before you. And that Adam Papilon is the bailiff and keeper of 
the said tenements which after I had taken into the lord’s hands 
with all the issues thereof received from the time of the death of 
the said Earl in the custody of the said Adam I demised according 
to the tenor of the said writ. Chan. Inq. p.m. 34 Edw. 3, n. 85. 

No. 133. IJumpbrey de Bobun, 8arl of IJereford 
and Bssex. 

Writ dated 17 Jan. 46 Edw. 3 [1373]. 

Inquisition taken Adam atte Move the King’s escheator 

in CO. Dorset, at Dorchester 16 March, 47 Edw. 3 [1373], by the 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 


oath of John Antioch^ Henry Baret^ John Plomhere, William le 
Bruyn, William Quarell, Richard Durneford, Robert Brutt^ John 
Scryvayn, Alexander de Watercomhe, William de White, John Sante 
and Matthew Edward, who say that 

Humphrey de Bohun, late Earl of Hereford and Essex did not 
hold any lands or tenements or advowsons of Churches of the 
King in chief or of any other in the said county on the day that 
he died, nevertheless he had the fees underwritten, viz., Agnes 
who was the wife of John Mautravers held of the said Earl as of 
his honor of Ryngton the manor of Frome Whitefeld in the said 
county, and it is worth per ann., clear, 20 marks, by the service 
of paying to the said Earl yearly in the feast of St. Thomas the 
Apostle 3s. 4d., and doing as much service as belongs to i 
Knight’s fee. The said Agnes also held of the said Earl in the 
said county at Upwymborne i carucate of land which is worth 
per ann., clear, 20s., by the service of the i6th part of a knights 
fee. Thomas de la Bere held of the said Earl the manor of 
Thornton, which is worth per ann., clear, 40s., for half a Knights 
fee, of the honor of Eerie Monacorum. Edmund Earl of March 
held of the said Earl, of the said honor, the manor of Gussich St. 
Michael, which is worth per ann., clear, by the service of i 
knights fee only. William Gorges and Margaret his wife held the 
manors of Bradeford and Mokelford of the same Earl of his 
honor of Ryngton and they are worth per ann., clear, £10, for i 
knights fee, and paying therefore yearly in the feast of St. 
Thomas the Apostle 3s. 4d., for the services to the said manors 
belonging. Stephen Wake held the 4th part of i knights fee in 
Brocham next Gussich All Saints in the said county of the said 
Earl, which is worth per ann., 20s. of the honor of Eerie 
Monacorum. John de [Chedwick 7 ~\ held of the said Earl of 
Hereford i messuage and 2 carucates of land in Parva Curchel 
in the said County .... for half a knights fee of the honor of 
Farlee. Robert son & heir of Richard Turbervile, knight, held the 
manor of Bere of the said Earl as of the honor of Earle, which is 
worth per ann., £20, for half a knights fee, the said Robert is in 
the wardship of the King by reason of his minority. 

On what day the said Earl died or who are his next heirs the 
jurors do not know, because he died in co. Essex as it is said. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 46 Edw. 3. n. 10. 

No. 134. IJumpbrey de Bohtiiit 6arl of ijereford 
and 6ssex. 

Extent of knights fees and advowsons of Churches which were 
of Humphrey de Bohun late Earl of Hereford and Essex who held 
of the king in chief, made before Adam atte More, the King’s 
escheator in co. Dorset, at Dorchester, the ist day of February, 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

47 Edw. 3 [1373], by the oath of John Antioch, Henry Baret, 
Johi de Plumbere, William de Bniyn, William Quarell, Richard 
Durneford, Robert Brutt, John Stveuayn, Alexajider de Water combe, 
William White, John Sante and Matthew Edward, who say that 

Humphrey de Bohun late Earl of Hereford and Essex held on 
the day that he died in the said county the fees underwritten, viz., 

I knights fee in the manor of Frome in Whitefeld which Agnes 
Mautravers holds, and it is worth per ann., when it shall happen 
1 00s. ; also the i6th part of i knights fee in Upwymborne which 
the said Agnes holds and it is worth per ann. when it shall happen 
6s. 3d. ; also half a knights fee in Thornton which Thomas de la 
Bere holds, and it is worth per ann., when it shall happen 50s. ; 
also I knights fee in Gussich which Edmund Earl of March holds 
and it is worth per ann., when it shall happen loos. ; also i 
knights fee in the manor of Bradeford and Mokelford which 
William Gorges holds, and it is worth per ann., when it shall 
happen loos. ; also the 4th part of a knights fee in Brokhampton 
next Gussich All Saints which Stephen Wyhe holds and it is worth 
per ann., when it shall happen 25s. ; also half a knights fee in 
Parva Curchell which John de Chediok holds, and it is worth per 
ann., when it shall happen 50s. ; also half a knights fee in the 
manor of Bere which Robert son and heir of Richard Turbervile 
holds, and it is worth per ann., when it shall happen 50s. 

Chan, Inq. p.m. 46 Edw. 3. n. 10. 

No. 135. ^obn BoncvylL 

Inquisition taken at Dorchester 2 April, 20 Ric. 2 [1397], 
before Thomas Cammell, the King’s escheator in co. Dorset, by 
the oath of Simon Parson, Ralph Ball, Walter Whetecorne, William 
Purdy, John Ashelyn, John Hynton, Guy Taillor, John Mason, 
Walter Bugge, John Fermage, Richard Albold and William Boneclyf, 
who say that 

John Bonevyll did not hold any lands or tenements in his 
demesne as of fee of the King in chief or of any other on the day 
that he died in the said county, but he held at that time as of the 
right and inheritance of Elizabeth his wife the 4th part of the 
manor of Sturmynstre Marchall and the moiety of the 4th part 
of the hundred of Cokden of the King in chief in free socage ; 
the said moieties are worth per ann., clear, 4 marks. 

The said John Bonevyll, died on Sunday next after the feast 
of St. Martin last past ; William son of the said John and Elizabeth 
is the next heir of the said Elizabeth and is aged 4 years arid 

The said Elizabeth still survives and is aged 26 years and 


Chan. Inq. p.m. 20 Ric, 2. n. ii. 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 237 

No. 136. William Bonvtle* 

Inquisition taken at Erode Wyndesore in co. Dorset on 
Sunday next after the feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, 

9 Hen. 4 [1408] before John Savage the King’s escheator in the 
said County, by the oath of John Clerk of Uphay, Henry Shepherd, 
Mark Horne, John Spirwy, Hildebrand Knyche, John Goudfelaw, 
junior ; Nicholas Thecche, John Hancok, Roger Queyit, Henry Colmor, 
Johnattc Orchard and Edward Whitecombe, who say that 

From the day of Easter in 3 weeks, 8 Ric. 2 [1385] before 
Robert Bealknapp and his fellows, justices, at Westminster, a fine 
was levied between William Bonevyll, chivaler, named in the writ, 
and Margaret his wife, pits., cLud John Stokland Mary his wife, 
deforciants, of i messuage, i mill, 4 carucates of land, 7 a. of 
meadow, 6 a. of wood, and 20s., rent in Pymperne, Alfrington, 
Moreton, Herston, Swanwich, Alfletmulle and Corff, which 
William Clavyll held for the term of his life ; by which said fine 
the said John and Mary granted for themselves and the heirs of 
the said John that the said tenements which the said William 
Clavyll held for the term of his life of the inheritance of the said 
John in the said towns on the day the said fine was levied, and 
which after the decease of the said William Clavyll ought to 
revert to the said John and Mary and their heirs, shall after the 
death of the said William Clavyll wholly remain to the said 
William Bonevyll and Margaret, to hold of the chief lords of that 
fee by the services which to the said tenements belong, for the 
term of the lives of the said William and Margaret, and after their 
decease the said tenements shall wholly remain to Thomas son of 
the said William and Margaret and the heirs male of his body 
begotten, to hold of the said Chief lords by the said services for 
ever : and if it shall happen that the said Thomas shall die without 
such heirs male, then after the decease of the said Thomas the 
said tenements shall wholly remain to the right heirs of the said 
William Bonevyle for ever. Afterwards the said Margaret died, 
and the said Thomas son of the said William Bonevyll and 
Margaret, married Cecilia now the wife of William Cheyny, knight, 
who had issue William. And afterwards the said Thomas died, 
and the said William Clavyll also died, after whose death the 
said William Bonevyll entered into the said tenements as into his 
said reversion, and died thereof seised. 

One carucate of the said premises is in Pymperne and is held 
of the heir of the Earl of March, being within age and in the 
wardship of the King, by what services the jurors know not, and 
is worth per ann., clear, 40s. The said messuage, i carucate of 
land, 7 a. of meadow and 6 a. of wood of the said premises are in 
Alfryngton and are held of the said heir of the Earl of March, by 
what services the jurors know not, and are worth per ann., clear, 
1 00s. Half a carucate of land and 5s. of rent of the said tene- 


Somerset Dorset Notes S> Queries, 

ments are in Morton and are held of the said heir, by what 
service is not known, and are worth per ann., clear, 20s. Half a 
carucate of land and 5s. of rent are in Herston and are held of 
the lord of Godelyngeston and are worth per ann., clear, 20s. 
Half a carucate of land and 5s., rent are in Swanwick and are 
held of the said heir, and are worth per ann., clear, 20s. The 
said mill is in Alfletmulle and is held of the said heir, and is worth 
per ann., clear, 6s. 8d. Half a carucate of land and 5s. rent are 
in Corff and are worth per ann., clear, 13s. 4d. 

John Strecche^ John Passeware, Clerk, John Chirchehull, John 
Bonyn^ Thomas Brohampton, Walter Walissh and Andrew Rydon 
were late seised in their demesne as of fee of 6 messuages, 2 
carucates of land, 10 a. of meadow, 200 a. of — pasture on the 
hill, 8 a. of wood and 15s. rent in Wyle, and i messuage, i toft, 
2 carucates of land 15 a. of meadow and 10 a. of wood in 
Dalewode in the said County, and so seised, by their charter 
dated at Shete 6 June, 3 Hen. 4 [1402] granted to the said 
William Bonevyle, by the name of William Bonevyle, knight, and 
Alice his wife who still survives, the reversion of his said lands 
and tenements in Wyle and Burgh, in Dalewood to hold to them 
and their heirs of the chief lords of those fees by the rents and 
services thereof due for ever; and if they shall happen to die 
without heirs of their bodies begotten, then the said premises 
shall wholly remain to William Bonevyle son of John Bonevyle, 
deceased, and to the heirs male of his body for ever; and if the 
said William, son of John shall die without heir male of his body, 
then the said premises shall wholly remain to Thomas, brother of 
the said William son of John and the heirs male of his body for 
ever ; for default, then to William Bonevyle, son of the saidfkV//faw 
Bonevyle, knight, and the heirs male of his body for ever ; and for 
default, to the heirs male of the body of the said William Bonevyle, 
knight ; and if the heirs male of the body of the said William 
shall wholly fail then one moiety of the lands and tenements in 
Wyle and Dalewode shall remain to Katherine wife of John Wyke, 
and the heirs male of her body, and the other moiety shall remain 
to Elizabeth wife of Thomas Cavreu and the heirs male of her body ; 
if the said Katherine and Elizabeth both die without heirs male of 
their bodies then all the said premises shall remain to the right 
heirs of the said William Bonevyle, knight, for ever. And so the 
said William Bonevyle (named in the writ) on the day that he died 
held the said tenements in Wyle and Dalewode in his demesne as 
of fee tail, as it is said, jointly with the said Alice his wife. 

The said tenements in Wyle are held of John Arundell as of 
his manor of Wotton Fitzpayn by knights service, and are w’orth 
per ann., clear, 5 marks. The tenements at Burgh in Dalewode 
are held of Joan who was the wife of Richard Warre by knights 
service, and are worth per ann., clear, 5 marks. 

The said William Bonevyle held on the day that he died the 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 239 

manor of Colewey as of the right of the said Alice his wife, for 
the term of the life of the said Alice, the reversion thereof after 
her death belonging to John Carmynowe and his heirs : which said 
manor is held of Thomas Ponyng, knight, by knights service, and 
is worth per ann., clear, 20 marks. 

The said William also held 1 messuage in the borough of 
Lyme, to him and his heirs ; which said messuage is held of the 
king as of his said borough, by the service of zs. 8d., per ann., 
and is worth per ann., clear, i2d. 

The said William Benevyle died in the feast of St. Valentine 
last past, without heir of his body by the said Alice ; the said 
William son of John is his kinsman and next heir, viz., son of John 
son of the said William Bonevyle, chivaler, and on the Morrow of 
St. Michael last past was aged 16 years and more. 

Thomas son of the said William Bonevyle, chivaler, and 
Margaret died in the lifetime of the said William his father; 
William son of the said Thomas is his next heir and is aged 12 
years and more. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 9 Hen. 4 n. 42 b. 

No. 137. ^tlUam son of Thomas de Bonvyle* 

Inquisition taken at Dorchester in co. Dorset, 21 November, 
14 Hen. 4 [1412,] before Robert Vele the King’s escheator in the 
said county, by the oath of Henry Sherard, William Warmewell, 
John Caketer, John Robyn, Roger Budell, William Bole, John 
Keymere, Thomas Baylli, Roger Batevhogge, Nicholas Peres, Bar- 
tholomew Bengervyll and Henry Bertlot, who say that 

One messuage, i mill, 4 carucates of land, 7 a. of meadow, 
6 a. of wood, and 20s. rent in Pymperne, Alfrynton, Morton 
Herston Swanwych Alfletmulie and Corff by the death of Thomas 
Bonevyle and by reason of the minority of William, son and heir 
of the said Thomas, came into the hands of the now King and 
are still in his hands for the same reason. 

One carucate of land of the said tenements is in Pymperne 
and is held of the heir of ih.e Earl of March, being age 

and in the wardship of the King, by what service the jurors know 
not, and it is worth per ann., clear, 40s. The said messuage, i 
carucate of land, 7 a. of meadow and 6 a. of wood of the said 
tenements are in Alfryngton and are held of the said heir of the 
Earl of March, by what service is not known, and they are worth 
per ann., clear, loos. Half a carucate of land and 5s., rent of 
the said tenements are in Morton and are held of the said heir, 
and are worth per ann., clear, 20s. Half a carucate of land and 
5s. rent are in Herston and are held of the said heir, and are 
worth per ann., clear, 20s. Half a carucate of land and 5s. rent 
are in Swanw'ych and are held of the said heir, and are worth per 

240 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

ann., clear, 20s, The said mill is in Alfletmull and is held of the 
said heir of Earl of March, by what service the jurors know 
not, and is worth per ann., clear, 6s. 8d. Half a carucate of 
land and 5s. rent are in Corff and are held of the said heir, and 
are worth per ann., clear, 13s. 4d. 

The said William, son and heir of the said Thomas Bonevyle 
died 28 August last past; John, brother of the said William is his 
next heir and on the 21st day of May last past was aged 12 years. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 14 Hen. 4 n. 12. 

No. 138. 6U|abetb Bonevill alias Stucle* 

Inquisition taken at Shyrborne in co. Dorset on Sunday next 
after the feast of St. Barnabas the Apostle, 2 Hen. 5 [1414], 
before John Warre the King’s escheator in the said county, by the 
oath of Richard F atmtleroy , John Lyueden, John Nohlet, Walter 
Goldsmith, William Knaplok, Richard Gylle, Richard Goldwey,John 
Eslyne, John Sampson, Nicholas Rake, Robert Quarell and Rolland 
Henton, who say that 

Elizabeth who was the wife of Richard Stucle held on the day 
that she died jointly with Richard Stucle alias Styuecle, late her 
husband, who still survives, 6 messuages, 2 carucates of land and 
10 a. of meadow in Maperton and Stourmynstre Marchal, the 
moiety of the manor of Maperton, the 7th part of the hundred of 
Hundredesburgh and the 8th part of the hundred of Lusburgh in 
the said county, to them and the heirs of their bodies of the gift 
of John Styuecle, Clerk, as by a certain fine levied at Westminster 
in the quindene of Holy Trinity, 11 Henry 4 [1410] of the said 
premises and of other manors, lands and tenements more fully 

The said messuages, land and meadow together with the 
said 7th part of the hundred of Hundredesburgh are held of the 
King in chief in free socage, and are worth per ann., clear, 70 s. 
The said moiety of the manor of Maperton is held of the Abbess of 
Shafton at fee farm, the quantity of which farm the jurors know 
not, and it is worth per ann., clear, 50. The said 8th part 
of the hundred of Lusburgh is held of the King in chief by 
knight’s service, and is worth per ann., clear, 6s. 8d. 

The said Elizabeth died 10 April last past ; Roger Styuecle 
son of the said Richard and Elizabeth is the next heir of the said 
Elizabeth and is aged 16 years and more. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 2 Hen. 5 n. 18. 

In the Inq. for co. Somerset the heir is given as follows ; 

William Bonevill, son of John, son of William Bonevill, 
Chivaler, deceased, and the said Elizabeth is the next heir of the 
said Elizabeth and is aged 2 1 years and more. 

Somerset & Dorset Notes & Queries. 241 

168. The Pabenham Brass, Offord D’arcy Church, 
Huntingdon. — 

This memorial is of considerable interest to the counties of 
Somerset and Devon, in relation to those commemorated on it, 
the families of Engayne, Pabenham, Courtenay and Daubeney. 

The family of Engaine appears to have been of great antiquity, the first of 
whom recorded being Richard Ingaine, who according to Burke, “ was chief 
engineer to King William the Conqueror, from which office he received his 
surname.” Seventh in descent from him was, — 

1. John de Engaine, — who distinguished himself in the wars with Scot- 
land, temp. Edward I, and was by that Monarch summoned to Parliament as 
a Baron, from 6 February, 1299, to 15 May, 1321. He died the year follow- 
ing, s.p., when the title became extinct, and was succeeded in his estates by 
his nephew and heir-at-law, John. 

2. John de Engaine, — he was the son of Nicholas de Engaine, and Amicia 
daughter of Walter F auconberg, who on making proof of age had livery of his 
estates. He was summoned to Parliament as a Baron, from 25 February 
1342, to 20 November, 1360 ; appears to have resided in Huntingdonshire, 
and to have held high military rank ; was created a Knight Banneret, 19 
Edward III, 1346, and had military summons to attend that King into France, 
He married Joan, daughter of Sir Robert Peverell, by whom he had a son 
Thomas, and three daughters, — Joyce, married to Sir John de Goldington, of 
Lidlington, co. Bedford, — Elizabeth, to Sir Lawrence de Pabenham, — Mary, to 
Sir William Bernak. He died at his seat at Dillington, seized of that manor 
and Gideling, co. Huntingdon, Haighton, co, Leicester, — Notely, co. Essex, — 
Hunsdon, co. Hertford, — Sandy, co. Bedford, — and Laxton, co. Northamp- 

3. Thomas de Engaine, — second Baron, but never summoned to Parliament. 
He married Katherine, third daughter of Hugh de Courtenay, second Earl of 
Devon, ob ; 1377, by his wife Margaret Bohun, daughter of Humphrey de 
Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex ; she was then the widow of WiUiam, 
Lord Harrington; but he died without issue, “when his large landed 
possessions devolved upon his sisters as coheirs.” 

Of these three sisters one of them Elizabeth married Sir 
Laurence Pabenham, of an antient family originally seated in 
Bedfordshire, and he was of Thenford in Northamptonshire, 
given him by his father, and with other possessions in the adjoin- 
ing counties. She was his first wife, and by her he had one 
daughter Katherine married to Sir Thomas Aylesbury. She 
died 28 December, 1377. 

Secondly he married Joan, daughter of Sir Giles Daubeney, 
who survived him and by whom he had a son John, and a 
daughter Eleanor. The date of her death is not given on the 
brass, but it must have been after 1400, the date of husband’s 

She appears to have been the daughter of Sir Giles Daubeney , 
born about 1371, and who died in 1405, seized of manors in 
Bedford, Somerset, Cornwall, Lincoln and Notts, and sister of 
his son Sir Giles Daubeney, Sheriff of Bedfordshire, Bucks, 
and Somerset, who married Joan, daughter of Lord D’arcy, who 
died 10 Henry VI., 1444, and whose brass effigies are on a tomb 
in South Petherton Church. 

The monumental brass, of Sir Laurence Pabenham and his 
VoL. X. Part lxxviii. June, 1907. q 


Somerset Dorset Notes S> Queries. 

two wives is attached to the south wall of Offord D’arcy church, 
near Huntingdon. It consists of three figures, the lower portions 
being lost, with inscription below them. There is little doubt 
they originally formed parts of a memorial laid in the pavement. 

The Knight is arrayed in plate armour of the ordinary type 
prevalent at that era, with bascinet, sword and misericorde. 

Elizabeth Engaine, his first wife, is vested in gown girdled in 
at the waist, with tight-fitting sleeves, and over it a mantle with 
collar. She wears a semi-mitre head-dress, with dependant 
cover-chief, ornamented across the front, and falling to the 
shoulders behind. 

Johanna Daubeney, the second wife, is clad and with head- 
dress, almost exactly similar to the other, but the gown and 
sleeves are close-fitting, and the mantle over, fastened by a cordon 
across the breast. All three have their hands raised in prayer. 

The inscription on a panel under the figures relates : — 

iarent Cautt^nct pabenli’m miles qni altiii x trie 
men’s Innii S’n tr’ni W°€€€€. tr’na 0;lisabeiii’ irxtrr 
triefi Caiuteneii trna trin at il’iliat^n’ ^ I|ettetru’ tr’ni 

:5rri|’is C^ngejine tr’ni tre €neiej|ne qnt nbijt xxiii° trie mensis 
J^eptemtr’r Bnmr tr’ni 2H°€€€° Ixxnij®, %c tr’na Jntianna 
s’e’tra trx’ triefi Eanreneii ?tlia C^gitiii Jrainfreneg mifitis, qn’xi 
a’iafrj p’pieief’ tr’s ^men* 

Which may be read, — 

Here lies Sir Laurence Pabenham Knight, who died the tenth day of the 
month of June, in the year of our Lord 1400. — And Lady Elizabeth wife of 
the said Laurence, one of the three sisters, daughters and heirs of Lord John 
Engeyne, lord of Engeyne, who died the twenty third day of the month of 
September, in the year of our Lord 1377; — And Lady Johanna, second wife 
of the said Laurence, daughter of Sir Giles Daubeney, Knight ; — on whose 
souls God have mercy ; Amen. 

No arms remain, but those of Engayne are given as, — Gules, 
a fess indented between seven cross-crosslets, four in chief and three in 
base or ; of Pabenham — Barry of six, argent and azure, on a bend 
gules three mullets or. W.H.H.R. 

169. Hundred of Whitechurch Canonicorum and 
THE Manor of Marshwood in the XVII. Century. 

I was recently afforded an opportunity of inspecting a volume 
of MS. containing a record of the proceedings of these two 
Courts between 1626 and 1641 inclusive. Each Court was held 
twice a year, on varying days of spring and autumn. 

The book, with a vellum cover fastened by a strap and 
buckle, is in good preservation, and is written in Latin through- 
out, saving a few technical words that the steward thought well 
to translate into his mother tongue. 

The two earliest entries are entitled 

“ Marshwood. The view of Frank pledge with Court Baron 
“ of John Powlet armiger of his manor aforesaid held in the same 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


“place 27 April, 1626,” while the Hundred of Whitechurch is 
headed “ The law Court with view of Frank pledge of the 
“Hundred aforesaid held there 15 Nov’^-, 1626.” 

In November, 1627, the Lord of the Manor and Hundred is 
styled John Lord Powlet baron of Hinton S. George, Somerset, 
in consequence of his elevation to the peerage in June of that year. 

The heriots payable on the death of a customary tenant in- 
clude a steer, a mare, a cow and a spade tree ; one of the last 
named being due, apparently, for each cottage claimed by the 
heir. Occasionally a money payment is fixed, and in one in- 
stance the heriot is stated to be optima bona. 

The tenants of the manor were presented for various breaches 
of custom :, digging marl pits near the highways, failure to 
repair buildings, bridges and the banks of streams, neglect of 
hedges and ditches, etc., for which fines were imposed at the ex- 
piration of a period of grace. In 1629 there is an example of 
the Court taking cognisance of offences against the public peace, 
an inhabitant of Ryall being presented as ohjurgatrix et disturba- 
trix. Among the free tenants of Marshwood I observed the 
following names : 

Mathew Chubb (the heirs of) 
Thos. Mullens, Knt. ,, 
George Summers, Knt. ,, 
George Smyth, Knt. ,, 
Mathew Summers, gent. 

Hugh Windham 
John Hody 
Ann Hody, vid. 

William Hody, arm. 

John Coplestone 
Alexander Everie 
William Everie 
Anthony Floyer 
John Floyer 
John Merefield 
Robert Colmer 
John Stoodley 
John Raymond. 

Of the customary tenants of that manor I noted : 

Robert and Katherine Roper 
Jerome Salter 

Coronus (sometimes Coron) 

Robert Pitfold 

Anthony Ilsdon 

Edward Limbery 

John and Southcot Lutterell 



Nathan Shave 
Thomas Morcombe 

There are many lists of jurors, and as an example I will 
append the names of those who were sworn at the Whitechurch 
Hundred Court in November, 1626, omitting those who have been 
already noted as tenants : 

Robert Moleyns 
George Bird 
John Mynson 
Osmond Wakeley 
Thomas Lawrence 
Robert Hunt 
John Gibbes 
John Fowler 

Wm. Bovett, jun. 

John Case 

Wm. Guppie 

Henry Coward 

Walter Stoudleigh 

Richard Teape 

Robert Hodder 

John and Robert Woodcocke 

Wm. Sweete. 

244 Somerset Dorset Notes &= Queries. 

Those who are familiar with the locality will recognise some 
of the foregoing surnames as surviving in place-names of to-day. 

Henry Symonds. 

170. The Name “Somerset”. — The various names given to 
the counties of England are nearly all of simple origin, many 
have Saxon derivations, and others have evolved from Celtic be- 
ginnings. The population of the four south-western counties of 
England was probably for many generations, after the Saxon in- 
vasion, largely composed of British people, the other counties 
contained a bigger proportion of the Saxon race. 

Cornwall, Devon, Dorset and possibly Somerset have in con- 
sequence many place names more easily traceable to Celtic root 

In the Celtic language Cornwall is Cernyu, probably so 
called from the projecting promontory ; Devon is from Dyfnaint 
or Dwfn, the district abounding in glens and deeps. The old 
name for Maiden Castle was Caer Dor, and the district round it 
became Dorset from the river Dor and sedd, set, settlement on 
its banks. The Romans called the city they occupied Dorcaester, 
the present Dorchester. British place names are usually simple, 
significant and descriptive, the chief feature in a district gener- 
ally supplies the name. 

The encroachments of the Bristol Channel over the lowlands 
of Somerset made a marked feature in the county many cen- 
turies ago. 

There is comparatively little rocky protection on the coast 
between Clevedon and the Quantock Hills, and over several parts 
of the flat shore the sea flowed freely in early times; it swept over 
the Burnham level, through the Brue Moorlands beyond Glaston- 
bury, and also flooded the Barrett low lands. 

These inundations of the channel created a large inland 
shore, and this extensive borderland must have formed an im- 
portant feature of the county. Several historians are inclined to 
believe that the syllable mer in Somerset signifies sea ; if this is 
accepted, with its derivation from the Celtic mor, sea, a British 
origin is recognized. In the Welsh language Sawd is limit, 
verge, and Sawd y mor is the seashore ; this with the wear of time 
and racial change may have toned down into Saw mor. 

The sedd or set added to Saw mor signifies occupied land. 
Sedd, seat, set, a fixed abode, spelt in various ways, is used in 
several European languages to express occupation or settled resi- 

Somerset may thus most reasonably be derived from Saw 
mor sedd. The close connection with the Bristol Channel 
appears to have influenced the name, history and geography of 

It was on a portion of the shore land that the twelve hides 
of Glastonbury were situated. 

Somerset Dorset Notes &= Queries. 


Mr. Phelps in his history of Somerset refers to one district 
of the twelve hides as the Sowy, and in giving particulars of the 
ecclesiastical jurisdiction over some places belonging to the 
twelve hides, namely, Street, Pilton, Butleigh, Ditcheat, Sharpham, 
Moorlinch, Weston Zoyland, Middlezoy and Othery, he says 
these places were known under the appellation Sowe. Weston 
Zoyland is mentioned in Doomsday as Sowe. 

The earliest known name of the Bristol Channel, or Severn 
sea, was Hafren, and some part at least of the district now called 
Somerset was the Celtic Gw lad yr Haf, evidently getting the 
name from close connection with the Hafren. Haf means 
spreading over ; the overflow of the channel therefore apparently 
supplied the name Gwlad yr Haf, as well as Somerset which 
superseded it. 

Several places in Somerset have the name Somer ; Somerton 
particularly possesses signs of antiquity and may be considered a 
representative Somerset town. C.B. 

171. WiTHAM Friary Boundaries and Place Names. 
(IX. 108, 346, X. 22, 59, 176, 206.) — It was not without some feel- 
ing of disappointment that, on my recent visit to Witham, I 
found that the fields at the S.W. boundary of the Parish were 
known by the names of “ Beggar’s Stile” ; for it was on this 
spot, just to the N.E. of “Float Bridge” spanning the G.W. 
Railway, that I hoped to find Rugalega of the Charter (Rugleya 
in the Roll). A walk, however, across the larger of the two fields 
soon made me conscious that I was on ground with ridges 
running N.W. and S.E. These are almost imperceptible to the 
eye, but are easily detected when tramping over the field. It was 
probably formerly arable, ploughed in ridges. The same thing 
has been observed elsewhere (N. J. Hone, The Manor and 
Manorial Records, 1906, p. 41.) * Arable land, thus ploughed in 

ridges, was probably part of the Common Field of the district. 

Whether it is safe to assume that the land was, on account of 
the ridges, known as “ridge (or ruge) leyes ” seems doubtful; 
although Mr. Duignan refers the origin of Rugeley, near Lich- 
field (in 1230 spelt Rugelegh ; see p. 60, supra) to the ridge of 
Channock Chase, on which the greater part of the manor is, and 
at the foot of which the town lies. [Notes on Staffordshire P.N., 

A very different origin is, however, given by Shore [op. cit., 
p. 88) who traces the word to the Rugians, a Wendish tribe, 
some of whom came over with the Saxons. f If the Somerset- 

* See also Gilbert Slater, The English Peasantry and the Enclosure of Common 
Fields, 1907, p. 94, where in Note i. it is stated that Arthur Young noticed a 
similar feature in 1771 in Northamptonshire. 

t cf. Wikingelega Forest. [Red Booh of the Exchequer, 1155-6, pt. ii. p. 
663, ap. Shore, p. 220), presumably Viking leyes. 

246 Somerset Dorset Notes S> Queries. 

shire Rugalega may be traced to the same tribe a new signifi- 
cance would be given to the name, and having regard to the ridge 
formation of the ground, it does not seem improbable that Ruga- 
lega was part of the Common Field of the district, and the local 
tribe § may have been Rugians, as there is evidence of the pre- 
sence of these Wendish people elsewhere in the neighbourhood, 
and they were a people who did cultivate their land in common. 
[Ibid, p. 174.) The difficulty would be to reconcile the presence 
of the Rugians and the Beggars (or Bavarians) in practically the 
same spot — unless perhaps it can be shown that these two people, 
who were both of Wendish origin, were, in fact, one and the 
same, and one name were that by which they called themselves, 
and the other that by which they were known to their neighbours. 

Further to the East and close to Fry’s Wood are to be found 
Great or Lower Frogmead and Upper Frogmead — possibly 
(though — on account of their position — not very probably) the 
Fraggemera of the Charter (Frogmera in the Roll). There are 
also Strap Meadow (alongside Strap Lane), (See p. 206, supra). 
White Mead, Rushy Leaze, Furzy Ground, Willis’s Paddock and 
Water Mead. 

H. W. Underdown. 

172. Foreigners in Bristol, 36 Hen. VI. — At the Public 
Record Ofiice, London, in the same bag with a Clerical Subsidy 
list, (Exon. 28 Hen. VI), is a record (apparently mis- 

placed) of an Inquisition made at Bristol, 20 Aug., 36, Hen. VI., 
giving a list, for purposes of taxation, of persons residing in that 
place, not natives of England or of her possessions. I note that 
a large proportion of these foreigners come from Iceland. 

No’ia Hospic’ tenent’ 

Egidius van Ende 


Deryk Taillo’ 


Hermanns ? Beremaker ,, 

Hugo Pynner ,, 
Jacob’ Hardeman 

Augustin Stephinsen’ Pycard 


Wymrys Taillo’ 


No’ia Hospicia non tenent’. 



S . . . . 



Adr. . . 



y > 

Arnaldus Richardson Flemynge 

joheis (S }) ewkyn 



J 5 











> > 


5 > 



Johes Feron’ 

5 J 



§ Mr. Hone {op. cit., p. 13) gives an instance of a committee of manorial 
tenants, who held in their corporate capacity for the benefit of the community, 
“ several leyes in the Common field.” 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes S> Queries. 


Sm personar’ hospic’ tenent’ ql’t ad xvi^- per ann, 
vij denar’ ix^ 

Sm personar’ hospic’ non tenent’ ql’t ad vj per annu’. 

XX denar. x^’ 

Sm^ in toto xix^- iiij<i- 

Ethel Lega-Weekes. 

173. Somerset References in the “Downside Review.” 
(VII. pp. 284, 346, VIII. p. 214, IX. p. 215.) — 

In Vols. xxiv, xxv, 1905-1906, printed by J. H. Day and 
Sons, Shepton Mallet, occur the following references to Somer- 

Abbot Feckenham and Bath, Abbot Gasquet . , xxv (vi), 242 

Bath in the Eighteenth Century, Dom T. L. Almond xxv (vi), 30 
Downside, Abbey Church, The Story of the, 

Dom F. C. Alston . . . . . . xxiv (v), 268 

,, Library, Report on, Dom G. R. Hudleston xxiv (v) 105 
,, Seal of f'irst Abbot of . . . . xxv (vi), loi 

,, Choir, Account of opening of . . . . xxiv (v) 254 

,, Architecture of, Thomas Garner . . xxiv (v) 266 

Hippisley, Ann, (Shepton Mallet 1797) on 

Mr. Metcaff's Ghost Story , . . . xxiv (v), 327 

Ivory Crucifix (by Andreas Farstenberger, 

1646-1735), at .. .. .. xxiv (v), 191 

Dunstan’s Well, Saint, (Stoke Lane) illustration . . xxiv (v), 58 
Map of Somerset (1575), account of, Dom H. N. Birt xxv (vi) 14 
Mendip Caves, Some, Dom G. B. Hicks . . ' . . xxv (vi) 163 

Midsomer Norton and Merton Priory, Dom G. C. Alston xxiv (v) 39 
Somerset, List of Justices of the Peace (1585) in . . xxv (vi), 18 

Stoke Lane, The Waters of, Dom P. E. Horne . . xxiv (v), 52 


174. Heraldy of the Seal of David Juyner. — S, A. 
Society’s Proc., vol. lii, p. 39, and Pedigree of de Romara p. 3. 
Left hand shield ; ‘ Three lions passant guardant in pale, a 
label of three points ’ ; England or Juyner. The label is the 
crux ; this cannot be the Royal Arms of King Henry VI., in 
whose time Juyner lived, as he bore a quarterly coat of modern 
France and England ; but taken in conjunction with the opposite 
shield, it suggests the King at the date of the founding of the 
Abbey, who is given as Richard I. Now he had been King 8 or 
9 years then, and should have borne the three lions without the 
label ; therefore I think this shield must have been copied from 
one in Revesby Abbey when he was Prince, and brought down to 
Cleve along with the Monks. Why then is it continued in Hen. 
VI. ’s time 1 Does it not suppose that all previous Abbots’ seals 
bore the same } Right hand shield ; ‘ Seven lozenges, 3.3.1. 
Cleeve Abbey.’ Now if anj^body will turn to the engraving of this 

2^8 Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

seal in S.A.S. Proc., vol. vi., p. 58, they will see that there is a 
faint inner line forming inside the lozenge another lozenge (this 
is sometimes called a ‘ voided lozenge,’ but correctly a mascle), 
also that the field is hatched with vertical lines, so the blazon 
would be ‘Gules seven mascles 3.3.1. argent, may be or,’ which 
w'ould be the coat of Romara, the founder. Gerard in Som. Rec. 
Soc., vol. 15, p. 22, says ‘ Clive Abbey losenge arg. and gules,’ 
which blazon, if intended for the seven mascles, is decidedly 
wrong ; but if correct, why should not Cleve Abbey have borne 
this, founded on the one on the seal, and have had it so blazoned 
on its portals, though this is not corroborated by Woodward in 
his Ecclesiastical Heraldry, p. 363 ? The Pedigree of Romara is 
generally accepted as direct in descent, as given on p. 3, but if 
the reader wall turn to the same reference in Gerard, and study 
the paragraph beginning ‘ Gerold de Romar ’ (though a para- 
graph above seems to render it doubtful) and ending ‘ Robert 
Fitzurse,’ he will find it work out thus : 

Gerold de Romar = 

Roger=zLucy Countess of Lincoln William = 

I she remarried Ranulfe Founded Revesby Abbey | 

1 Earl of Chester |_ 

William, Earl of Lincoln | \ 

William, Founded Cleve Abbey Joan=Robert 
ob. s.p. Fitzurse. 

I w'ould only say the Arms on the seal favour this pedigree 
rather than the accepted one ; since William Romara Earl of 
Lincoln bore a variation from the coat on the seal, viz. ‘ Gules 
seven mascles conjoined between ten crosses crosslet or.’ 

F. Were. 

[The pedigree given in WA.A. Proc. lii, p. 3, is taken from 
the Topographer and Genealogist., i. 19 : it is evidently the work of 
an expert, and cannot be lightly set aside. 

Editor for Somerset.] 

175. — Lovell Heraldry (IX. pp. 217, 270.) — 

The following from MSS. of the late Daniel Parsons (son of 
the late Rev. John Parsons, fellow of Oriel and Vicar of Marden, 
Wilts) may be of interest. I have the copper of the book-plate 
used by Dr. Robert Lovell, which is of the “ spade’' type and 
shows the arms : Argent, a chevron sahle betwee?i three wolves' heads 
erased gules. The crest is : A talhot coura7it argent. 

“ Dr. Robert Lovell who owned the Cliff estate in the Island 
of Barbadoes entered at Merton College, Oxford, March 28, 1772, 
as a commoner. He took his Doctor of Medicine’s degree at 
Edinburgh, was a short time at Ipswich, but finally settled at 
Bristol as a physician. He lived in 16, and also in 18, Berkeley 
Square. He bought and put together the property of Begbrook, 
which lies between the third and fourth milestones on the old 


Somevset Dorset Notes Queries. 249 

Gloucester road from Bristol. He lived there from 1811 until 
his death at Begbrook, April ii, 1823, aged 69, and was buried 
in what is called Barbadoes Row, in the transept of Bristol 
Cathedral. . . . he married Elizabeth Osborne, of Barbadoes, 

daughter and heir of Samuel Osborne, She died on May 12, 
1830, without issue, and was buried with her husband. 
Downside, April 4, 1907. H.W.M. 

176. Bruton Girdle. — In Wright’s note to 1 . 155 of 

The Creed of Piers Ploughman mention is made of “ oure Lades 
gyrdell of Bruton,” quoting from MS. Cleop. E. IV. fob 249 (.?now 
renumbered). (See p. 566, vol. II., 2nd ed. 1887). See also 
note at p. 36. E. E. T. Soc. ed. 1867. The custom of using 
certain girdles at the time of child-birth is attributed to the 
Ancient Britons, and to the Druids. H.W.U. 

[See Wrights’ Suppression of the Monasteries, Camden Soc. 
1843. P- 58. 

Editor for Somerset.] 

177. PuRBECK Quarries. (X. 173). — It is somewhat 
difficult from Mr. Vye’s very general reference to Hutchins to 
find out that that county historian did say about the Purbeck 
Quarriers. I presume your correspondent refers to the account 
given of the Company of Marblers of Purbeck under the head- 
ing of Swanwich (Swanage) {History of Dorset, vol. I, pp. 
682-684) wherein the “Articles” of the Company are set 
out. This account is in a great measure taken from a paper 
read by the late Mr. O. W. Farrer before the Purbeck Society at 
the Museum, Corfe Castle, in 1859, and published in the only 
volume of their proceedings ever issued by that society generally 
known as the Purbeck Papers (pp. 1 91-204) which covered the 
period from 1852 to 1863, with exception of a single other 
number issued in 1869. It is much to be regretted that this 
publication was so shortlived, and it has now become very scarce 
and extremely difficult to procure in a complete state. But I 
suppose it was already beginning to be fore-shadowed by the 
advent, shortly afterwards, of that vigorous off-shoot (fori believe 
several of its original members — of whom there are scarce a 
dozen and a half now left — were members of the old Purbeck 
Society) which has so worthily carried on its mission, I mean the 
Dorset Field Club, which now numbers over 400 members. 

I doubt whether there would be in existence now any other 
of the old records of the Company of Marblers, as we learn from 
Hutchins (p. 684) that the ancient records were destroyed in a 
fire at Corfe Castle where they were kept. 

Mr. Vye may deem the following account which I find 
amongst my MS. Dorset Collections, and which I copied from 
the Standard of just 21 years ago (10 March 1886) of some 
interest to him, and of which I enclose a cutting : — 


Somerset Dorset Notes &• Queries. 


A curious old custom among the quarrymen of the Isle of 
Purbeck was observed on Tuesday at Corfe Castle. There is 
among the quarrymen a charter bearing the date of 1551, which 
is rigorously obeyed, in order to keep the working of the stone 
quarries in the Isle of Purbeck in the hands of the freemen. To 
be able to take up one’s freedom one must be the legitimate son 
of a freeman. He must be twenty-one years of age, up to which 
time his wages belong to his parents. Once during the year the 
quarrymen meet at Corfe Castle Town Hall and there read the 
charter, and on that occasion — viz., Shrove Tuesday — “free boys” 
claim and take up their freedom. Yesterday morning a large 
number of quarrymen assembled in the Town Hall, Corfe Castle, 
and proceeded to the election of officers, after which about twelve 
freemen were sworn in. Each man had to sign the roll of free- 
men, pay a fee of 6s. 8d., buy a penny loaf made on purpose by 
the baker of the place, and buy a pot of beer. The man thus 
sworn in becomes his own master. Should any of the freeman 
desire to marry during the next year, he has to pay to the stewards 
“a marriage shilling;” and should he neglect to do this his 
wife loses all interest in the quarry, and cannot take an appren- 
tice to work for her. After the above business was transacted, 
the ceremony of “kicking the ball” commenced. The ball is 
provided by the man who was last married among the freemen, 
and is presented in lieu of the “marriage shilling.” If it should 
happen that no freeman has married since the previous Shrove 
Tuesday the old football is used. The ball was taken from the 
Town Hall to a field at Corfe Castle, and there kicked about by 
anyone who wished it. These very novel proceedings terminated 
by the ball and a pound of pepper being taken to the lord of the 
manor, as an acknowledgment to him in respect of the way to the 
River Ower.” 

I have seen it stated somewhere that in these degenerate 
days the football is carried, not kicked, to its destination. 

My notes on this or other kindred subjects refer me to Bigg’s 
Isle of Purbeck, pp. 27-28, and to the late Mr, T. Bond’s History 
of Corfe Castle (1883) p. 125, authorities which I have no means 
of verifying now. 

Antigua, W.I. J. S. Udal, F.S.A. 

178. Barnes’s Dorset Dialect. — In glancing through 
Mr. G. F. Northall’s list of authorities for his work on English 
Folk-Rhymes, published by Kegan Paul & Co. (1892) I notice that 
he refers to “ Barnes (W.) Dorset Dialect, 8 vo. 1864.” 

I know of no such work, but as my knowledge is very finite 
I appeal to S. D. N. &= Q., and more especially to the Dorset 
Editor, the author of the Bibliotheca Dorsetiensis — who ought to 
know — to tell me whether there is such a work, because, if so- 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


I should be glad to add another to my collection of Dorset books. 
But I am almost afraid that Mr. Northall must mean the late 
William Barnes’s Grammar and Glossary of the Dorset Dialect, 
published for the Philological Society by Asher and Co. at 
Berlin in 1863. If I remember rightly, however, there was 
another edition published by the Dorset poet about 1884, but I 
cannot verify this here. 

Antigua, W.I. J. S. Udal, F.S.A. 

[Barnes’ Grammar and Glossary of the Dorset Dialect was pub- 
lished in 1863 by Asher and Co., as stated by our correspondent. 
His Glossary of the Dorset Dialect with a Grammar of its Word 
Sharpening and Wording, by Triibner and Co. in 1886. The first 
edition of Poems of Rural Life in the Dorset Dialect, 1844, ^.nd 
the second edition in 1848, also contained a Glossary, which is 
absent from the third edition, 1862. It re-appears in the edition 
of 1879, which contains three collections of poems. 

Dorset Editor.] 

179. Snow in May. — The cold interval which usually 
occurs in May, — frequently in the middle of the month, — is well 
known, and has been strikingly illustrated during this month. 

I happen to have two records of a remarkable fall of snow, 
in different parts of England, extending to Dorset, in May, 
1698. At the foot of a page in a Geneva Bible, (date 1560), is 
the following memorandum: “May the 3, 1698, a grate and 
wonderfull snoo fell that lay one day and lay all nite.” The 
locality is not recorded. Mr. William Richards, of Warmwell 
House, near Dorchester, records, in his diary, the same pheno- 
menon : — “Tuesday, the 3rd May, 1698, this afternoon twixt 6 
and 7, it snowed very hard for above an hour and, next morning, 
was a hard frost.” By putting the two accounts together, we 
may reasonably infer that some parts of the country were covered 
with snow for 24 hours at least. As the difference between the 
Old and New Styles, after 1700, was eleven days, the 3rd May, 
1698, O.S., practically corresponded with the 14th May, N.S. 
This severe weather, so late in the season, was doubtless very 
injurious to the fruit crops. 

Weymouth, 18 May, 1907. W. Bowles Barrett. 

180. Stooded (X. 2 1 9). — “ Stooded ” is a good Dorset word 
and means “stuck fast” (a-stood, standing up). I am somewhat 
surprised to find that the word does not occur in Barnes’ Glossary 
of the Dorset Dialect (1863) but it may do so in the later edition , 
published somewhere in the middle eighties, which I have not by 
me. Mr. Thomas Hardy, however, uses it in the above sense, 
namely, “ a stooded waggon,” in Tess of the D’’ Urhervilles, vol. 3, 
p. 132. 

Antigua, W.I. 

J. S. Udal, F.S.A. 

252 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

181. Jennings of Hillfarrance (X. 84). — Mr. Dodderidge 
may like to know that this family was possibly connected with 
the adjoining parish of Milverton. 

In 1685 John Jennings was constable of that “ borough,” 
and Robert Jennings alias Appledore was another inhabitant, the 
latter being concerned in the Rebellion of that year. 

H. Symonds. 

182. Weymouth. The Order of Peg Nicholson. — 
How many Indian Civil Service candidates could tell who were 
the Knights of Peg Nicholson’s Order ? Yet the name recalls an 
attempted assassination which caused a thrill of horror throughout 
the country, greater than any since the Plot to assassinate 
William III in 1696 (excepting, perhaps, that occasioned by the 
shooting of Mr. Spencer Perceval in the lobby of the House of 
Commons). Margaret Nicholson made an attempt on the life of 
George III. on 3 August, 1786, while he was staying at Wey- 
mouth, and so nearly succeeded that a great outburst of loyalty 
followed, — an outburst proportionate to the danger which had 
threatened. So many addresses poured in from all parts of the 
country, and so many Mayors were knighted in recognition of 
their loyal expressions, that ridicule arose, and when Gilray had 
dubbed the new-made knights as “The Order of Peg Nicholson,” 
the flow of titles was stopped. 

Weymouth. W. Bowles Barrett. 

183. Westcombe, alias Wescombe, Cos : Somerset and 
Devon. — This ancient Norman family, so widely identified with 
West Somerset and latterly with Devonshire, took its origin 
(according to a MS pedigree compiled about the early part of the 
lyih century), from the manor of Westcombe, co. Somerset. 
This pedigree, which records upwards of sixteen generations, is 
unfortunately undated, but notes a younger Westcombe as having 
been Lord Abbot of Bath, and also that a cadet branch of 
the family migrated to Barnstaple and founded the Devonshire 
lines. At Barnstaple the Westcombes were influential merchants, 
Justinian Westcombe becoming Mayor of Barnstaple in 1623 and 
William Westcombe (who married at Bath 27 June, 1653, Mistress 
Mary Fferris, of Barnstaple,) in 1659 and 1672. One Elizabeth 
Wescombe was married at Barnstaple, 12 Feb., iS9f, to Pentecost 
Dodderidge, brother of Justice Sir John Dodderidge, having 
issue eight children. The Westcombes also represented Barn- 
staple in Parliament. Another Devonshire branch settled at 
Kentisbeare, being represented in the 17th century by Robert 
Wesscombe the elder, whose will was proved 18 June, 1630, by 
his widow Anastasia. 

The first dated notice of the family in Somerset appears in 
the persons of Richard Wescombe and John Westcombe, of the 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 


parish of Oake, who in 1497 were fined for supporting Perkyn 
Warbeck, the former 26s. 8d., and the latter 40s. These 
Westcombes were the ancestors of a numerous progeny. One 
of them, Joan Westcombe “of Woke,” with others, furnished 
“ij sheafs of arrows and one skull” in 1569, while at Heathfield 
adjoining, Richd Westcombe is simultaneously returned as an 
“ ableman ” and Robert Westcome as a “ billman.” Another, 
Richard of Oak, yeoman, who died in 1580, gave to 
the poor of Milverton £i 8s. 8d., payable out of the manor of 
Lambrook’s Hatch in the borough of Milverton for ever. This 
part of the manor was given to Eleanor West. He likewise gave 
out of part of the same manor ;^i 2s. 2d. to be distributed for 
ever. This part of the manor was given to Jacob Westcombe 
and William Ley, alias Farthing. All the foregoing is set out at 
large upon one of two gilded tablets fixed to the West wall in 
Milverton Church. Among the Somerset Gentry living in 1673 
were Richard Westcombe, of Milverton, and Joseph Westcombe, 
of Creech. 

A branch of the Oake Stock appears to have settled very 
early at West Buckland, one of the three tithings there being 
called Westcombe land to this day. In Collinson’s time this 
tithing contained 28 houses, 18 of which were farms. The 
earliest entry in the Registers here is that of Thomas Westcombe 
who married Agnes, his wife, 3 May, 1541. These Westcombes 
were intimately connected with the well known West Buckland 
family of Bond, — one Otes or 0 -des Westcombe or Weskumbe, 
who married here Mary, his wife, 31 Oct., 1545, and was also 
buried here 5 Nov., 1578, being one of the witnesses to the will 
of Edward Bond dated 5 Aug., 1539, and proved 17 Aug., 1557. 
This Edward Bond’s sister, Anstice, married a Westcombe ; 
consequently, in the will of her brother Sir George Bond, Knt., 
and Lord Mayor of London in 1588, is the following item : — 

“To Ann and Dionis Westcombe, daughter of my sister 
Anstice Westcumbe, 40s. each.” Sir George Bond died in 1592, 
while his will, dated 2 Mar., 1591-2, was proved that same year. 
The Westcombes were still represented at West Buckland as late 
as 1739, when on 10 June that year Mary Wescombe married 
here Henry Jennings of Hillfarrance. 

The Christian name “ Otes,” or “ Odicius,” appears to have 
been a fairly popular one in the family, since one Odicius 
Wescombe was in 1560 enrolled a tenant of the Holway Hundred 
of the Manor of Taunton Deane. In the Registers of St. James’, 
Taunton, the first entry to the family is that of Robert, son of 
Otes Westcombe, bap: 24 Feb., 1616. This notice is followed 
by — John, son of John Westcombe, bap: 4 Nov., 1694; Rich., 
son of John Wescombe, bap: 26 Dec., 1697; George Easton 
married Mary Wescombe i Feb., 1836; James Davey married 
Mary Ann Wescombe 10 TMay, 1836; Mary Ann, daughter of 


Somerset &= Dorset Notes & Queries. 

John and Sally Wescombe, bap: ii Mar., 1839. The Register 
of St. Mary Magdalene, Taunton, also has the following entry : — 
1690: Thomas Westcombe and Mary Munday, both of Taunton, 
married in Bristol 29th August. At an enquiry made at Taunton 
in 173s Robert Westcombe swore that Robert Gray gave in his 
will ^1,500 for the benefit of the women living in his Taunton 

Another branch of the Oak Stock was an influential one at 
Hillfarrance. Here, in 1632, resided Robert and Henry Wes- 
komb, nephews of Robert Langham, Gent., of Skilgate, who in 
that year were directly concerned in the completion of the 
Huishe hospital or almshouse at Taunton. Here also in 1672 
John Westcombe, of Hillfarrance, recorded his pedigree at the 
Heralds’ Visitation, the pedigree being headed with his grand- 
father. In connection with this branch the following from the 
Pitminster Registers is significant, “ 1715 ; Mr. Hugh Westcomb 
of y® parish of Hillfarrance and Elizabeth Sherwood of this Parish 
were married March 24.” A branch of the Westcombes was also 
settled at Pitminster, where, on Mar., 25, 1689, Michael West- 
combe, a Quaker, of Angersleigh, married Elinor, daughter of 
George Priest, of Pitminster, having issue nine children ; and 
later, at Norton Fitzwarren, as the following from the Norton 
Registers show, “ Michael Westcombe Yeoman, of the Parish of 
Pitminster, and Ann Joans of Norton, Spinster, married 17th 
January, 1757,” their son, William, being bap : at Norton 25 
Dec., 1758. Apparently a descendant of this Michael was 
Michael Wescombe, who married at Norton 2 June, 1840, Sarah 
Larcombe, and was buried there 30 Jan., 1894, aged 80. 
Other entries from these Registers are as follow: — Edith Jane, 
daughter of James and Sarah Wescombe, bap: 28 Jan., 1872 ; 
Walter Wescombe bur: 28 Nov., 1873, aged 23 ; Sarah Wescombe 
bur: 28 April, 1892, aged 77. 

In later days, however, the family had a general tendency to 
settle in a N.W. direction of the County. Hence, in 1606, John 
Westcombe is living at Combe Florey, and is cousin to John 
Riches, Gent. At Crowcombe is a farm still called “ West- 
combe’s,” while the Registers have a number of entries, e.g., on 
20 April, 1719, George Wescombe marries Jane Burston, “ both 
of this Parish,” their son Henry being privately baptised 16 
March, i7|-§, and their daughter Elizabeth, 22 Dec., 1721. 
Another branch was settled at Stogumber, where, on 12 Jan., 
1681, Mary Westcome is married to Hugh Duddridge, of that 
parish, while at Fiddington is a country residence still called 
“ Wescombes.” 

With this introduction we turn to the more illustrious Dod- 
dington line, Somerset, whose pedigree extends continuously 
from the beginning of the i8th century to the present day. 

Somerset 6* Dorset Notes Queries. 255 

At the head of this pedigree stands 

I. John Wescombe, of Doddington, who by Hannah, his 
wife, had issue : — 

1. Thomas, bap. 19 Nov., 1722. 

2. John, bap. 23 May, 1725. 

3. Jacob, of whom presently. 

4. JoANE, bap. 5 Sep., 1734, and who was married 12 
July, 1762, at Stringston, Somerset, to James Beer, a 
sojourner there. 

5. Hannah, bap. 4 Mar., 1738. 

John Wescombe was bur. at Doddington 28 Aug., 1763, and 
Hannah, his wife, 7 April, 1771. 

II. Jacob Wescombe, of Doddington, bap. there 15 Sep., 
1728, and who, by Jane his wife, buried there 22 Nov., 1801, had 
issue : — 

HI. Richard Wescombe, of Doddington and Bristol, bap. 
at Doddington 28 April, 1771. He married 6 Oct., 1795, at 
Kilve, Somerset, Mary (Pollie), daughter of Benjamin Hawkins, 
of Doddington Court, and had issue 

1. Elizabeth (Betsey), who was married ist at Dodding- 
ton 26 Dec., 1826, to John Bowden of Doddington, 
2ndly to Richard Acland of Devonshire, widower, 
who died at Monkton, Somerset, from a broken spine 
sustained through a fall ; 3rdly Matthew Lumbert of 
Creech, Somerset, widower. She died without issue at 
Creech, and was buried there in the autumn of 1874. 

2. Richard, bap. at Doddington 16 June, 1799, and re- 
ceived into the church there 20 October following. 
Died young. 

3. John, of whom presently. 

4. Mary. 5. Sarah. Both bap. at Doddington 21 
Aug., 1803. Both died young. 

6. Mary, bap. at Doddington 23 Dec., 1804; married to 
John Waddon, of Bridgewater, and died at Bathpool, 
Somerset, in 1849, leaving issue. 

7. Samuel, born in Bristol, married Elizabeth Milford, 
of Bathpool, having issue, one child, Samuel. He 
predeceased his wife at Swansea, while she died at 
Rowbarton, Taunton. 

Richard Wescombe made his mark in Somerset as an en- 
gineer. Besides successfully piercing the black rocks for the 
making of Wine Street, Bristol, he was appointed engineer for 
the still faintly remembered Somerset company, formed for the 
purpose of mining gold and silver in the Quantocks, the remains 
of some works and the deep shaft which he sunk being still to be 
seen on the hill between Kingston and Cothelstone. Although 
gold, silver and lead were found, the quantity was not sufficient to 
prevent the winding up of the^ company. Numerous other works. 

256 Someyset S’ Dorset Notes S’ Queries. 

also undertaken in Somerset, continue to testify to his engineer- 
ing skill. He died at the residence of his son-in-law, John 
Bowden, of Doddington, and was buried in the vault of the 
Hawkins family there 17 Oct., 1842, aged 72. Unfortunately, the 
tablet upon the wall of the church was destroyed at the recent 
restoration, when the Hawkins vault was sealed. His wife, Mary, 
predeceased him by eight years, and was buried at Doddington 
2 Nov., 1834, aged 59. 

IV. John Wescombe alias Westcombe, of Doddington, 
West Newton and Greenway House, Adsborough, was born 
either the end of Nov. or beginning of Dec., 1800, and was bap. 
at Doddington 18 Jan., 1801. He married at Creech St. Michael 
25 Dec., 1827, Anna, 2nd daughter of Alexander Heale, of Ads- 
borough, by Elizabeth Pine, his wife, of West Monkton and 
Ling, CO. Somerset, and had issue : — 

1. Richard-Levi, of whom presently. 

2. William- Heale, born at West Newton at i a.m., 
Friday, 4 Mar., 1831, and married at Cheddar, Caro- 
line Webber of Flaxpool, Crowcombe, Somerset, who 
died at Bridgend in 1902, and had issue: i. John, 
2. William, 3. Ellen, 4. Hetty, 5. Addie, 6. 
Louie. He died at Greenfield House, Gwenny Road, 
Old Castle, Bridgend, 29 Nov., and was buried in 
Coity Churchyard i Dec., 1900. 

3. Elizabeth-Mary, born at West Newton at 10.30 p.m., 
Tuesday, 2 July, 1833, and married at Creech, 14 
April, 1856, to Henry, son of Edward and Mary 
Tossell, of Goathurst, and had issue. Henry Tossell 
died 29 June, 1869, and was buried at Goathurst. 
Elizabeth-Mary, his wife, died at Weston-super-Mare 
6 April, and was buried at the Cemetery there 12 
April, 1878. 

4. Emma, born at Greenway House, Adsborough, at 7.30. 
p.m., 15 Aug., 1835, married at Creech, Easter, 1855, 
to James, only son of John and Mary Williams, of Mon- 
days House, Durston, and had issue. She died at 
Cardiff, Tuesday, 8 Dec., 1903, and was buried there. 

5. Anna-Sophia, born at Greenway House, Adsborough, 

II p.m., Tuesday, 15 Aug., and was bap. atThurlox- 
ton, 24 Sep., 1837. Married at St. John Baptist’s, 
Yeovil, 12 July, 1864, to George Dodderidge, alias 
Dudderidge, of Burland, Somerset, and Dorchester, 
Dorset, 3rd son of Robert Dudderidge, of Burland, by 
Fanny Atkins, his wife, of Skilgate , Somerset, andhad 
issue four sons, three of whom survive. 

6. Ellen-Jane, born at Greenway House, Adsborough, 
6.30 a.m., Thursday, 31 Jan., and bap. at Thurloxton 
10 Mar., 1839. Married at St. Mary Redcliffe, Bristol, 

Somerset 6 ® Dorset Notes Queries. 257 

24 Aug, 1 863, to William, 2nd son of Jeremiah Leach, 
of West Monkton, by Mary Mills, his first wife, of 
Tiverton, Devon, and had issue. She died Wednes- 
day, 10 May, at West Monkton, and was bur. there 
16 May, 1893. He died, Wednesday, 21 Nov., and 
was buried there 24 Nov., 1900. 

7. Sarah-Ann, born at Greenway House, Adsborough, 
2 a.m., Tuesday, 21 Feb., 1843, bap. at Thurloxton, 
and married at St. James’ Church, Taunton, 21 June, 
1863, to Walter Henry Dyment, son of Isaac Dyment, 
of Dubra, Asholt, Somerset, by Elizabeth Cavell, 
his wife, of Canftington, Somerset, and had issue. 
He died at Blaenavon, South Wales, 29 April, aged 65, 
and was buried in St. John’s Churchyard, Bridgend, 
2 May, 1903. 

At the time of his marriage John Westcombe was settled at 
West Newton, where his three eldest children were born. In 
Oct., 1833, he removed to Greenway House, Adsborough, his 
own estate, where he and his wife resided till their decease. 
Here his four remaining children were born. For a number of 
years he held the then honourable office of Constable, and was a 
musician of repute. But his name is better known to-day through- 
out West Somerset from the fact that he was the inventor of the 
famous Westcombe cider press, which found its way into every 
cider-making county. His wife died 3 April, 1877, ^9 

March, 1879. Both were buried at Creech. Their memorial in- 
scription being as follows : — 


DIED MAR. 28 1879 
AGED 79. 

V. Richard-Levi Wescombe, born at West Newton, 8 
a.m. Saturday, ii Oct., 1828, married at the Wesleyan Chapel, 
Taunton, Dec., 1855, Mary daughter of Matthew Searle, of Bath- 
pool, by Francis Spurle, his wife. He died at Rowbarton, 
Thursday, 12 Jan., aged 59, and was bur. in St. James’ Cemetery, 
Taunton, 16 Jan., 1888. She died at Rowbarton Wednesday, 10 
April, aged 71, and was buried in James’ Cemetery, Taunton, 15 
April, 1895, leaving surviving issue : — 

1. Henry, of whom presently. 

2. Frank, born at Rowbarton 20 Jan., 1862, and bap. at 
St. George’s R.C. -Church, Taunton. 



Somevset Dorset Notes Queries. 

3. Bessie, born at Rowbarton 30 Nov., 1865, and bap. at 
St. George’s R.C. Church, Taunton. 

VI. Henry Wescombe, of i, Raleigh Terrace, Cheddon 
Road, Taunton, born at Adsborough 23 June, 1856, married at 
Dunster, Whitmonday, 1880, Elizabeth, daughter of James Stam- 
bury, of Stowey and Dunster, by Sarah Ball, his wife, of Dunster, 
and has issue : 

1. Sarah-Gertrude-IMary, born 3 Mar., and bap. the 
following April, 1881, at St. Andrew’s, Rowbarton. 

2. Percival, of Frogmore, Blackwater, Hants, born 30 
April, and bap. June, 1883, at St. Andrew’s, Row- 
barton; married at Brockham, 21 May, 1904, Lucy 
daughter of George Arnold, of The Borough, Brock- 
ham, Surrey, by Ellen Haybittle, his wife. 

3. Rodney-James, of the 2nd Dorset Reg., born 13 June 
and bap. July, 1885, at St. Andrew’s, Rowbarton. 

4. Janet-Rose, born 23 April, and bap. May, 1887, at 
St. Andrew’s, Rowbarton. 

5. Sidney-Francis-Gilmore, of the 2nd Dorset Reg., 
born 13 July, and bap. Aug., 1889, at St. Andrew’s, 

6. Lily, born 31 Aug,, and bap. Sep., 1890, at St. 
Andrew’s, Rowbarton. 

The Parish Registers of Doddington give another branch of 
the Family as follows : — 

I. John Westkeai, of Doddington, who married Mar}^ 
Jenkins, of the same place, 18 Aug., 1798. John Weskem was 
bur. there 15 Oct., 1841, aged 77, and his wife, Mary, 28 Dec., 
1851, aged 89. Their issue was: — 

1. Jane, buried 22 Nov., 1801. 

2. Mary, baptised 28 Jan., 1801. 

3. Jacob, of whom presently. 

II. Jacob Wescombe, of Doddington (spelt in Register 
Wescot), bap. 8 May, 1803, bur. 7 May, 1855, aged 51. By his 
wife, Harriett, bur. at Doddington 23 Sep., 1871, aged 57, he had 

issue : — 


John, bap. 9 May, 1841. 


Mary, bap. 30 Oct., 1842, and bur. 

I June, 


aged 8. 


Harriett, bap. 19 May, 1844. 


Charles, bap. 10 Jan., 1846, bur. 

18 July, 

1 869, 

aged 23. 

5 - 

Elizabeth, bap. 2 April, 1848. 


Thomas, bap. 23 Nov., 1851, and bur. 

12 Dec., 


aged 18. 

7 - 

Jane, bap. ii Mar., 1855. 

The most distinguished line of the Wescombe family, how- 
ever, is that branch which is headed by Sir Martin Wescombe, 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


created a Baronet 29 Mar., 1699. He was Agent and Consul at 
Cadiz in the reign of William III., and resided many years in 
Spain. (His daughter, Mary, was married to Col. Bernard, of 
Buckland, brother to George, Lord Lansdown. She died in 1747, 
and was bur. in Gloucester Cathedral.) His son, Sir Anthony 
Wescombe, Bart., was deputy-commissary-general and deputy- 
judge-advocate, commissary of the musters in Minorca, and 
finally deputy muster master general of the forces, which he en- 
joyed till his death. He married in April, 1736, the daughter 
and heiress of — Calwady, Esq., by his second wife, Jane, 
daughter of Sir John Rolt, of Milton, Bedfordshire, Knt., but 
died without issue 6 Dec., 1752, when the Baronetcy expired. 

Sir Martin Wescombe never, unfortunately, recorded his 
pedigree at the Heralds’ College, and neither established his 
right to arms. Betham and Burke, however, both give as his 
Arms : — Sable, two bars or and a canton ermine, while Betham and 
Washbourne name his Crest as Old of a mural coronet a griffin's 
head, both or, and the motto Festina lente. 

The fact, however, that these Arms with the Crest are em- 
blazoned upon the notice of the bequest of the sum of ;^200 to 
the poor of Halse, Somerset, over the S. door of that Church by 
Edward Westcombe, merchant, of London, in 1742, and that 
Washbourne gives the Crest common to the Somerset West- 
combes, there seems to be no doubt that Sir Martin Wescombe 
was of Somerset lineage, bearing the armorial insignia common 
to the Somerset family at large, although it is only fair to add 
that John Westcombe, of Hillfarrance, in recording his pedigree 
in 1673 recorded no arms. 

There was, however, another family of Westcombe in the 
CO. of Lincoln, whose Crest was — On the top of a rock ppr. a bird 
close argent. 

Sidney E. Dodderidge. 

I am indebted to the Rev. W. H. P. Greswell, Rector of 
Doddington, for permission to consult his Registers. 

The following marriages also bear upon the history of this 
Family : — 

From Langford Budville Registers : 

23 Dec., 1685. Robert Wescombe and Joan Mead. 

24 July, 1689. Mr. Henry Westcombe and Mrs. Phillip 


21 Sep., 1742. Thomas Enott, of Langford Budville, and 
Mary Wescom, of Wellington. 

From Stockland: 

4 Mar., 1735- Henry Edwards and Betty Wescombe, by lie. 
From Cannington : 

19 May, 1617. Bartholomew Westcombe and Dorothie 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries, 

184. Dorset Recoveries. (VI. pp. 14, 116, 164, 213, 254, 
314, 343, VII. 17, 59, 107, 144, 196, 250, 298, 338, VIII. 8, 55, 
127, 164, 252, 323, IX. 44, 84, 122, 165, 209, 263, 312, 364, X. 
36, 116, 158, 223.)— 

Charles II’s Reign (continued). 

Mich. 29th year ) — Henry Bestland^ gen. v. William Churchill^ 

154 ) junior, gen . — 16 messuages & 32 acres in 

Colliton Rew in Trinity parish [Dorchester.] 

Ditto I — John Golsey, gen, v. Henry Thor nhull, senior, 

155 I gen . — A messuage & 203 acres in Horton, 

Chalbury, & Woodlands. (Vouchee, Henry 
Thornhull, junior, gen.) 

Ditto I — John Ironside, Esq. & John Gollopp, Esq. v. 

37 j John Sweete, gen., Henry Samway es, junior, 

gen . — A moiety of 2 messuages & 360 acres 
in Mapercombe & Poorestocke. (Vouchee, 
Nicholas Browne, Esq.) 

Ditto ) — John Edwards & John Davey, gen. v. John 

38 I Sweete, gen. George Palmer, gen . — 8 mes- 

suages, a watermill, &22 acres in Stockland. 
(Vouchee, John Bennett, junior, gen.) 

Ditto ) — Robert Fry, junior, gen. v, Richard Lannynge, 

202 j gen .' — A messuage & 22 acres in Iwerne 

Minster. (Vouchee, Thomas Newman, 

Hil. 29th & 30th I — George Townsend, gen. v. Thomas Bromfeild, 
years 32 j gen . — Manor of Shelvington alias Shelfe- 
hampton, & 2 messuages & 800 acres in 
Shilvington & Eastringsted. (Vouchee, 
D’Oyly Michell, Esq.) 

Ditto ) — Thomas Cooper, gen., Thomas Sheppard, 

138 j gen.w. John Farewell, gen. 4 messuages & 

95 acres in Broadway, Upway, & Stotenway. 
(Vouchee, Thomas Bayly.) 

East. 30th year ) —Richard Hull, gen., & Humphry Bestland,gen. 

133 i V. George Ftdford, Esq . — Manor of Winter- 

borne Whitchurch & 2 messuages & 1560 
acres there. 

Ditto I — William Lawrence, Esq., Henry Bower, 

38 j Esq. V. Francis Coles, gen . — 80 acres in 

Woodcotts & Hanley. (Vouchee, John 
Younge, gen.) 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


Ditto ] 

36 J 

1 — Richard Gane, clerk, v. Richard Lannynge, 
1 gen. — A messuage & 80 acres in Todber & 

Marnhull. (Vouchee, Roger Clarke.) 

Mich. 30th year ' 

1 — John Miller, gen. v. John Weere, gen., &> Wil- 
1 Ham Smith, gen. — A messuage & one acre in 
Dorchester. (Vouchee, Antony Blundell & 
Rose his wife.) 

Ditto 1 

28 j 

1 — John Bernard, gen. v. Thomas Hooper, gen. — 
1 Manor of Hullamlands alias Hill Hamlands, 
& 2 messuages & 246 acres, View of Frank- 
pledge, goods & chatties of felons, waifs & 
strays, & deodands there & in Hampreston 
moores & West parley & tithes in Huilam- 
lands. (Vouchee, William White, gen.) 

Ditto ) 

31 j 

Hil. 30th & 31st j 
years 1 2 j 

Ditto ] 

H j 

1 — William Newbold v. John Lea. — 8 acres in 
1 Brappoole alias Bradpole. 

1 — George Keate,gen. v. Thomas Waltham, gen. — 
\ A messuage and 340 acres in Weeke Regis. 

1 — Laurence Purchase, gen., &> William Spearinge, 
( gen. V. Richard Kettlehy, gen., John Wills, 
gen. — A messuage & 80 acres in Winter- 
bourne Abbas alias Winterbourne Waterlesse. 
(Vouchee, Thomas Butler.) 

Ditto " 

123 J 

1 — Robert Blatchford, gen., Robert Phelps v. 

1 William Tipping, Esq., William Baber, Esq., 
Thomas Tipping, Esq., John Cole, Esq. — 

Manor of West Kington & 6 messuages & 
220 acres there. (Vouchee, Charles 

Crooke, Esq.) 




30 J 

) — Giles Clarke, gen. v. Christopher Plucknett, 
) gen. — Manor of Wareham. 

1 — Charles Modyford, Esq. v. Edward Story, gen., 
1 S* Thomas Blundell, gen. — 5 messuages & 132 
acres in Bagber, Stourminster Newton Cas- 
tle, Stourton Caundell alias Caundell Had- 
don, & Lidlinch, & the rectory of Stourton 
Caundell. (Vouchees, John Eyre, clerk, & 
Mary his wife.) 

East. 31st year j 

13 ! 

1 — Henry Thornhull, junior, gen. v. Henry Lew en, 
1 gen. — A messuage & 25 acres in Kington 

Magna. (Vouchees, Henry Jones, & Susanna 
his wife.y 


Somerset Dorset Notes 6^ Queries. 



) — Gilbert Ironside, gen. v. Edward Mariyn, gen. 
j — 2 messuages, & 150 acres in Hincknoll & 

Netherbury. (Vouchee, John Ironside, gen.) 

Mich. 31st year ) — Jeremiah Derby, clerk v. Miles Corbet, gen. — A 
61 j pigeoncot, & 118 acres and the moiety of a 

messuage in Bingham Wooth, Netherbury, 
Melplash, & Ash. (Vouchee, JohnHearne, 



i — William Mocher v. Miles Corbett, gen., Ed- 
j ward Periam, gen. — A messuage & garden in 
Weymouth & Melcombe Regis, & Weeke 
Regis. (Vouchee, James Giear.) 



) — Henry Harbyn v. John Sweete, gen., George 
i Palmer, gen.— K messuage & 58 acres in 
Beere Regis. (Vouchee, Edward Standish, 
& Mary his wife.) 



) — Thomas Pile, Esq. v. Thomas Freke, Esq . — 10 
i messuages, 2 windmills, 2 pigeoncots & 1 100 
acres & free fishing in Compton Abbas, 
Motcombe, St. James, & Shaston. (Vouchee, 
Lawrence Lowe, Esq.) 

Hil. 3ist& 32nd ) — George Smith, gen. v. John More, Thomas Mel- 
years 43 J hnish, Esq., Alexander Roll, gen., &= John 
Reynolds, gen. — Manor of Champernehaies 
alias Wooimesshaies, & 10 messuages, a 
watermill, & 700 acres there & in Westiet, 
& Wootton Fitzpaine. (Vouchee, John 
Trevelyan, Esq.) 

East. 32nd year ) — John White v. Miles Corbet &> John Rosner, 
224 j gen. — 2 messuages in Weymouth & Mel- 

combe Regis. (Vouchee, Nathaniel Abbot.) 

Ditto ) — William Fvampton, Esq. v. George Penne,gen., 

125 I son of George Renne, junior, gen.— A messuage 

& 470 acres in Toller Wilme & parish of 
Corscombe alias Coscombe. 

Ditto ) — Edward Peak, clerk v. Henry Barwell, gen . — 

166 i Manor of Compton Valence alias East 

Compton & 37 messuages, i pigeoncot & 
1090 acres there, & the advowson of the 
church there. (Vouchee, Robert Pelham, 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


Trin. 32nd year ] 

*31 J 

1 — Robert Symes, Esq., George Ryves, Esq., John 
P Nicholls, gen., Robert Pitt, gen., Edward 

Pitt, gen. V. Henry Bestland, gen., Nicholas 
Ingram, gen. — Manor of Mapowder & 15 
messuages & 640 acres there & in Plush, 
Buckland Newton, & Sturminster Newton 
Castle, & the advowson of Mapowder. 
(Vouchee, Robert Coker, senior. Esq., who 
calls Robert Coker, junior. Esq.) 

Ditto ] 

34 J 

1 — Andrew Ettericke, gen. v. Edward Ettericke, 
’i gen. — 4 messuages & 69 acres in Sturminster 
Marshall & Newton Peverell. (Vouchees, 
William Maur, gen., & Katherine his wife.) 

Ditto 1 

73 ! 

) — Peregrine Palmer, Esq., Thomas Palmer, gen., 
1 John Hurdinge, Esq., Samuel Pitt, gen. v. 

John Jones, Esq., ^ Thomas Sydersin, Esq . — 
Manor of Middleton alias Milton Abbas & 
54 messuages, 3 mills, 3 pigeoncots, 4000 
acres. Free Warren, & View of Frankpledge, 
in Milton Abbas, Whitchurch, Lushcombe, 
Huish, & Churcombe alias Churchcombe, 
the rectories & tithes in Milton & Witherston 
&: tithes in Widcombe, Holworth, Milborne 
St. Andrewe, & Lushcombe & the advowson 
of the church of Milton. (Vouchee, John 
Tregonwell, Esq.) 

Mich. 32nd year ] 

105 J 

1 — John Goodsall, gen., Samuel Marsh, gen. v. 

1 Richard Ayloffe, Esq. — 3 messuages & 421 
acres in Wootton Glanvill, Newland alias 
Newton Mountacute, Minterne Magna, 
Hartleigh, Hermitage, Pulham, Holnest, 
Middlemarsh, Hilfeild, Ligh, Yetmister, & 
Blackmore. (Vouchees, Robert Henley, 

Knt., & Barbara his wife & J ohn Leigh, Esq., 
& Anne his wife.) 



) — John Adams, clerk v. Miles Corbett, gen., &> 
) John Sweete, gen. — A messuage & 120 acres 
in Broadwinsor. (Vouchee, John Bradrepp, 
junior, gen.) 

Ditto 1 

2* J 

1 — Nicholas Browne, gen., William Thorne, gen. 

1 V. William Swayne, Esq., Samuel Hayes, 

gen. — Manors of Critchell Parva& Ridlinton 
alias Rowlington, & 30 messuages, 2 mills & 
1260 acr,es in Critchell Parva alias Moore 






Somerset Dorset Notes Queries 

Critchell, Chetered, Ridlington, Weetch, 
Corfcastle, & Tarrant Muncton alias Tarrant 
Monacorum, & tithes in Critchell Parva. 
(Vouchee, William Okeden, Esq.) 

) — Thomas Strode, Esq., & Henry Bower, Esq. 
) V. John Keene, gen., John Farewell, gen . — 

6 messuages & 170 acres in Walditch, Char- 
mouth, Sherborn, Catstocke, & Ewerne 
Minster. (Vouchee, Richard Churchey, 

— Benjamin Warren, &> George Hardy, junior v. 
John Pinney, clerk, John Warren, William 
Bremble, &> John Balston. — A messuage & 1 2 
acres in Bridport, Brappoll alias Bradpoll & 
Symondsbury alias Symondsburrough. 

F. J. P. 

185. Richard Strobe’s Rental, circa 1438. — A roll of 
accounts, now in the possession of Mr. Richard Hine, of 
Beaminster, has recently been placed in my hands. It consists 
of 18 slips of parchment, of various lengths, and from 4 to 5 
inches in breadth, sewn together at their ends. It is written on 
one side only, except in the case of the first two and the last four 
slips, and with the further exception that the 9th, loth and nth 
slips have written on the back the rough drafts of three 
documents, of which an account will be given in a separate 
article. The date of the roll is of the reign of Henry VI, and 
runs from about 1438 to 1446. The earliest year precisely given 
is the term of St. John Bapt., 18 Hen. VI, i.e., 1440, but the roll 
begins about two years previously. The last exact date is 
Michaelmas term, 22 Hen. VI, or 1443, ^wo or 

three }^ears are not carefully indicated. 

The contents comprise the quarterly payments made, 
presumably, to Richard Strode, of Parnham in Beaminster. 
Parnham (Parham) is frequently named, as will be seen in the 
extracts which will presently follow, and the name of Richard 
Strode occurs in the agreement entered on the 15th slip, and in 
the rough drafts, already mentioned. Various places occur in the 
roll, such as Holewey, Chalmington, Beydon or Boydon, 
Heuedstok, Wantysle or Wemtyslee, Parham, Caushey, Wilselond, 
Stoke Abbas, Beaminstre and Wyndlesore. Several of these are 
in Cattistock parish, where, at Chalmington, the Strodes were 
long free tenants under Milton Abbey. See Hutchins’ Dorset, 
3rd edit., vol. iv, pp. 3-7. 

The first slip of the roll is imperfect, and an extended copy 
is now given of one year’s rental, beginning with the second slip. 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries, 265 

De termino PascD 

De Johanne Coulard xijs. ixd., sic debet xijd. 

De Nicholao Yong xiijs. ixd. ob’ 

De uxore Hugonis yn the hurne 

De Henrico Cauxhey xjs. [usually written Causehey], 

(Item recepi de fine domus eius in parte xs. 
debet xld. In margin.) 

De Thoma Smyth xijd. 

De Nicholao Mylleward xxd. 

De Nicholao Persons xijd. 

De Johanne Bayly xvjs. viijd. 

De Petro Purchas xld. 

De Hyllebrando xiijs. iiijd. sic debet vjs. viijd. 

De Roberto Morgan pro Parham viijs. iiijd. 

De Thoma Stoke iiijs. 

De Ricardo Godefelaw xxs. sed sic debet xxs. 

De Johanne Godefelaw xjs. viijd. 

De Ricardo at mylle xld. sic debet iiijs. 

De Thoma Babbe ijs. sic debet de antique xijd. 

De uxore Hugonis in the hurne ijs. vjd. 

De Roberto Danyell iijs. vijd. 

De Radulpho Mesturd xxd. 

De termino Nativitatis Sancii Johannis Baptiste. 

De Johanne Coulard [xij s. crossed out] xiij s. ix ob. 

De Nicholao Yong [ix s. crossed out] xiij s. ixd. ob. 

In isto termino Willielmus Hore de Beydon solvit xl s. per 
Nicholaum Wotton sic debet de redditu xx s. 

De Thoma Stoke iiij s. 

De Hyldebrando xiijs s. iiij d. sic debet vj s. viij d. 

De Johanne Nycols xl d. 

De uxore Hugonis ij s. vj d. 

De Petro Purchas xl d. 

De Johannne Bayly xvj s. viij d. 

De Nicholao Milward xxd. 

De Nicholao Persons xij d. [end of membrane.] 

Item rec[epi] ij s. viijd. de Johanne Haukyn pro prato ei vendito 
recepi redditum pro toto Anno. 

De Henrico Cauxhey xj s. 

De Thoma Smyth xijd. 

De Roberto Webbe xijd. 

De Cryse viijd. 

De Roberto Morgan viijs. iiijd. 

De Johanne Godefelawe xjs. viijd. 

De Ricardo Godefelawe xiijd. iiijd. 

De Ricardo at mylle [no sum.] 

De Roberto Danyell [crossed-out] 


Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

De Johanne Byschoppe iijs. pro ij terminis sic debet 
De Roberto Danyell iijs. vijd. 

De termino Michaelis Anno regni Henrici Sexti post conquesium 
Anglic xvj°- 

De Henrico Causey xjs. 

De Johanne Coulard xiijs. ixd. ob. 

De Nicholao Yong xiijs. ixd. ob. 

De Johanne Bayly xvjs. viijd. 

De Hylbrando xiijs. iiijd. 

et memorandum quod in isto termino solutum est ijs. heredi 
Johannis Sp. . .per Hilbrandum c’ [written in margin]. 

Robertas Danyell solvit per Godle iijs. vijd. [margin.] 

Thomas Smyth solvit per Godle xijd. [margin.] 

De Thoma Stoke iiijs. 

De Nicholao Mylleward xxd. 

De Petro Purchas xld. 

De Johanne Nicols xld. 

De uxore Hugonis ijs. vjd. 

De Ricardo at mylle xld. Item solvit pro silua. 

De Cecilia Rede pro tribus terminis iijs. ixd. 

De Roberto Morgan pro Parham viijs. iiijd. 

De termino Natalis Domini. 

De Johanne Cowlard xiijs. ixd. 

De Nicholao Yong xiijs. ixd. Item solvit jd. 

De Johanne Bayly xvjs, viijd. 

De Petro Purchas xld. 

De Thoma Stoke iiijs. 

De Thoma Babbe pro ij terminis iiijs. & de Antique xijd. 

De Johanne Godle ijs. vijd. Item solvit pro Danyell iijs. v. 

Item per Th. . . . xij. 

De Nicholao Millward xxd. 

De Johanne Nichols xld. 

De Henrico Causey xjs. 

De Nicholao Persons pro ij terminis ijs. 

De Radulpho mest’ pro vij terminis et quietus pro trie’ & vent 
& ab.’ 

De Johanne Godefelawe xs. iiijd. 

De Ricardo Godefelawe pro ij terminis xixs. 

De Roberto Prowte xxd. sic debet ijd. (sic solutum est ei pro 
bobus suis.) 

De Hyllebrando xiijs. iiijd. 

De uxore Hugonis ijs. vjd. 

De Thoma Smyth xijd. 

De Roberto Danyell iijd. vijd. 

De Ricardo at mylle xld. 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


It is not necessary to transcribe the remainder of the roll in 
full, but the following particulars, culled here and there, may be 
worth noting. 

Slip. 5, Mich. Term. 

De Ballivo de Holewey pro redditu de Holewey ijs. 

Memorandum quod Ricardus firmarius de Chaim [ington] in 
isto termino solvit mihi totum redditum suum pro Chaim, [ington] 
predicta pro vno Anno integro Et adhuc debet xxijs. pro. aueu’ 
[.^ averiis] de me emptis. Item debet vjs. viijd. pro feno. Item 
debet s’ [.^ summam] redditus recepti de Henrico Bayly sol.’ 

Easter Term. Item vendidi [? reversionem] uxor’ Hugonis 
in the hurne de tenemento vocato le hurste pro xs. et habet diem 
solucionis ad festum Natalis domini proximum filio predicti 
Hugonis et vxoris eius. [This entry is crossed off]. 

Slip 6, Midsummer Term, 18 Hen. VI. 

De Henrico Causey xjs. sic debet pro termino Pasche, Et 
concessum est ei redditus termini Natalis Domini ante, et eciam 
debitum unius finis et diversorum reddituum aretro terminorum 
predictorum ad valorem xjs. pro factura domus eius. 

Slip 7, Mich. Term, 18 Hen. VI. 

Memorandum quod in isto termino Will. Hore de Beydon 
destinauit mihi xxvjs. viijd. per serviente,. . . receptoris episcopi 
Sarumet soluit mihi apud Hoke sic debet de termino Nativitatis 
proximo pre terito xiijs. iiijd. [Crossed out]. 

Slip 8, Midsummer Term, 19 Hen. VI. 

Will’m Hore de Boydon solvit mihi V nobilia vz. xxs. pro uno 
termino et xiijs. iiijd. pro quadam fine unius tenementi apud 
Boydon vocati Joh[annis] Plouere Et idem Will’us sursum 
reddidit in manus meas tenementum predictum de Boydon quod 
tenementum concessi Johanni Neele de Boydon et Matilde uxori 
sue ad terminum vite eorum pro fine xs. 

Slip 8, Christmas Term, 20 Hen. VI. 

Johannes Godlee solvet At®“ xjs. pro diversis clausuris scilicitin 
Heuedstok et Wantysle. Memorandum quod in isto termino 
Johannes Godlee fecit finem mecum do toto redditu suo et quietus 
est. De Radulpho mesturd xxd. sic debet pro cera. 

Slip 9, Easter Term, 20 Hen. VI. 

Item concessa est vna pecia bosci Nicholao Persons prout 
bundatur pro vijs. et habet diem [falcandi crossed off] 
succidendi et cariandi a festo Pasche nunc vsque festum Pasche 


Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

proximum et solvet predictos vijs. ad festum Natalis Domini 
proximum : inde solvit xld. 

Item concessum est Thome Berde et vxori sue vuum cotagium 
de Parham pro redditu et seruicio ex Antique concessis pro fine 
ijs. [non sol. crossed out]. 

Slip 10, Midsummer Term, 21 Hen. VI. 

Item in isto termino venit Johannes Neell et solvit redditum xxs. 
de Beydon pro termino Sancti Johannis. Item soluit xld. de 
fine ; sic debet vjs. viijd. de fine. 

Slip II, Easter Term, 21 Hen. VI. 

De Johanne Baily xs. sic allocatur vjs. viijd. pro iiij°*^ cariagiis. 
De Henrico Caushey pro Caushey et le hurste xiijs. vjd. sic debet. 
De Johanne Andrwe xs. pro Parham. 

Michaelmas Term, 21 Hen. VI. 

Hilbrandus soluit xjs. viijd. ballivo de Bemynstre et ijs. soluit 
heredibus de Wemtyslee. 

Slip 12, Midsummer Term. 

De Henrico Stodle pro ij Annis xvjd. pro Wilselond. 

De Johanne Andrwe xs. et custodit eundem redditum. 

Michaelmas Term, 22 Hen. VI. 

Memorandum quod allocavi Ballivo de Bemynstre redditum 
Johannis Baylly et redditum Hyllebrandi pro capitali redditu pro 
Parham preter xld. quos allocavi Johanni Andrwe. 

Slip II, Midsummer Term. 

Firmarius de Chalmyngton debet redditum de j° termino vz. xls. 
et plus. 

Slip 14, Michaelmas Term. 

De firmario de Parham [in margin. Firmarius de Parham reddet 
Annuatim de claro v nobilia et xld.] 

On a slip of parchment attached to this membrane are 
written four entries : — 

Rogger Mondayn recepit de [me] diversa clausa quondam 
Nicholai Mylward ad terminum vite et vxoris sue per redditum 
viijs. annuatim et purgabit predicta clausa infra spacium ij 
Annorum sub pena xxd. bene et sufficienter. 

Steffanus Stork cepit de me diversa clausa cum uno cotagio 
in Wantysle que quondam fuere Johannis Goddele reddendo inde 
annuatim xiijs. viijd. finis inde ij capones et una auca ad terminum 
vite et vxoris sue. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 269 

Johannes Downton cepit de me diversa clausa quondam 
Johannis Bailly in Esteheuedstoke per redditum quinque mar- 
carum per annum ad terminum vite sue etpurgabit predicta clause 
infra spacium ij annorum sub pena vjs viijd. 

Omnes iste convenciones facte fuere apud Stoke Abbatis 
post festum Michaelis Anno xxiiij Henrici Vjti. 

Slip 15, Christmas Term. 

De Firmario de Parham viijs. iiijd. sic allocavi de xd. pro 
emendacione domus de Parham. 

Slip 15, Easter Term. 

Memorandum quod convenit inter Ricardum Strode et Petrum 
Purchas tali modo et forma quod dictus Ricardus habebit 
siluam dicti Petri vocatam Hechene ad vendendum et claudendum 
circumquaque dictam siluam prout dicto Ricardo melius videtur 
sumptibus suis [next membrane, No. 16] durantibus v annis et 
predictus Petrus dabit annuatim dicto Ricardo pro redditu suo 
pro ij clausis et silua reseruata vs. Et si dicta silua non bene 
videtur cressere infra spacium v annorum tunc predictus Ricardus 
rudabit dictam siluam de spinis et tribulis sumptibus suis propriis 
et predictus Petrus renttabit (.?) dictam siluam reddendo 
annuatim dicto Ricardo xiijs iiijd. sicut prius consueuit et dictus 
Petrus purgabit dictam siluam sicut prius consueuit saluando 
quercus et fraxinos postea. 

Dorset Editor. 

186. Richard Strode’s Settlement, 1440. — On the back 
of the 9th, loth and iith slips which form part of the rent-roll 
of Richard Strode, described in the preceding article, are written 
the rough drafts of three documents relating to property of his in 
Somerset, which, at least in this form, remained unexecuted, the 
reverse and blank sides of the parchment being used for keeping 
his accounts. 

They are : — 

1. A Grant from Richard Strode and John Kayleway to 
John Frampton, of Dorchester, and John Frampton, junior, of 
their lands at Middellsowey [Middlezoy] and Weston [Zoyland], 
Somerset, which they had by grant of John Tretheke and John 
Brent, to be witnessed by Humphrey Stafford, Knt., William 
Stafford, and Nicholas Latymer at Melcombe Bingham, Dorset, 
in June, 18 Hen. VI, (1440). 

2. A Conveyance of the premises by the two Framptons to 
Richard Strode and Margaret, his wife, and the heirs of their 
bodies lawfully begotten, and in default of these to the right 
heirs of Richaid Strode for ever. Same witnesses, ist August, 
18 Hen. VI. 

270 Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries. 

3. A Letter of Attorney from the two Framptons to Richard 
Smyth, to put Strode and his wife in possession of the premises. 
Dated at Middelsowey, 8th July, 18 Hen. VI. 

This is a simple form of conveyance by feoffment followed 
by livery of seisin, to settle the premises on Strode and his wife 
and children. She was Margaret, relict of Walter Chartmarle, 
and was the second wife of Richard Strode, of Parnham. She 
died s.p. See Hutchins, 3rd edit., vol. I, p. 130. 

In regard to John Tretheke and John Brent, mentioned in 
the first document, Mr. Weaver has kindly sent me a note from 
Collinson, HI, 435, that Joan, daughter of John Brent, of Coss- 
ington, Somerset, married, first, John Horsey, esq., and secondly, 
Thomas Tretheke, of Tretheke, Cornwall. 

Dorset Editor. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod nos Ricardus Strode et 
Johannes Kayleway dedimus concessimus et hoc present! Carta 
nostra confirmauimus Johanni Frampton de Dorchestre et Johanni 
Frampton Junior! omnia ilia terras et tenementa nostra prata 
pascua pasturas redditus et seruicia cum suis pertinenciis in 
Middellsowey et Weston m Comitatu Somerset’ que nuper habui- 
mus ex dono et feoffamento Johannis Tretheke et Johannis Brent 
Habendum et tenendum omnia predicta terras et tenementa prata 
pascua pasturas redditus reuersiones et seruicia cum suis per- 
tinenciis prefatis Johanni [Frampton de Dorchestre et Johanni 
junior!, above the line, in lieu of et Johanni crossed out] here- 
dibus et assignatis suis imperpetuum De capitalibus dominis feodi 
illius per redditus et seruicia inde debita et de iure consueta. 
Et ego vero predictus Ricardus et heredes mei omnia predicta 
terras et tenementa prata pascua pasturas redditus reuersiones et 
seruicia cum suis pertinenciis prefatis Johanni et Johanni [Framp- 
ton de Dorchestre et Johanni Frampton junior!, written above the 
line] heredibus et assignatis suis contra omnes gentes warantiza- 
bimus et imperpetuum per presentes defendemus. In cuius rei 
testimonium huic present! Carte nostre \_sigilla nostra destroyed ; 
some words are also written above, which are illegible] appo- 
suimus. Hijs testibus Humfrido Stafford Milite Willielmo Stafford 
Nicholao Latymer et alijs. Datum apud Melcombe Bingham in 
Comitatu Dorset’ [words destroyed] mensis Junii Anno regni 
Regis Henrici sexti post conquestum Anglie decimo octauo. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod nos Johannes Frampton de 
Dorchestre et Johannes Frampton Junior tradidimus et dimisimus 
[dedimus et concessimus crossed off] et hac present! carta nostra 
confirmauimus Ricardo Strode et Margarete vxori eius omnia ilia 
terras et tenementa nostra prata pascua pasturas redditus reuersi- 
ones et seruicia cum suis pertinenciis in Middelsowey et Weston 
in Comitatu Somerset’ que nuper habuimus ex tradicione dimissi- 
one et confirmacione [dono et feoffamento crossed out] Ricardi 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 


Strode et Johannis Kayleway Habendum et tenendum omnia 
predicta terras et tenementa pratapascua pasturas redditusreuersi- 
ones et seruicia cum suis pertinenciis prefatis Ricardo et Marga- 
rete heredibus de corpore predictorum Ricardi et Margarete 
uxoris eius \et assignatis eiusdem Ricardi cxo'&SQdi out] imperpetuum. 
Et [si contingat] predictos Ricardum et Margaretam obire sine 
heredibus de corporibus eorundem legitime procreatis tunc nos 
prefati Johannes Frampton de Dorchestre et Johannes Frampton 
junior concedimus quod omnia predicta terras 

tenementa prata pascua pasturas redditus reuersiones et seruicia 
cum suis pertinenciis integre remanere rectis heredibus predicti 
Ricardi imperpetuum de capitalibus dominis feodi illius per 
redditus et seruicia inde debita et de iure consueta. In cuius rei 
testimonium huic presenti carte nostre sigilla nostra apposuimus 
Hiis testibusHumfrido Stafford milite Willielmo Stafford Nicholao 
Latymer et alijs Datum apud \_Middelsowey pvedicUim octauo die 
mensis Jidij crossed out] primo die mensis Augusti anno regni 
Regis Henrici sexti post conquestum Anglie decimo octauo. 

Nouerint Vuiuersi per presentes nos Johannem Frampton de 
Dorchestre et Johannem Frampton juniorem attornasse con- 
stituisse loco et nomine nostro posuisse dilectum nobis in Christo 
Ricardum Smyth nostrum verum et legitimum Attornatum ad 
liberandum pro nobis loco et nomine nostro Ricardo Strode et 
Margarete uxori eius plenam et pacificam seisinam in et de 
omnibus terris et tenementis nostris pratis pascuis pasturis red- 
ditibus reuersionibus et seruiciis cum omnibus pertinenciis in 
Middelsowey et Weston in Comitatu Somerset’ Habendum et 
tenendum prefatis Ricardo Strode et Margarete et heredibus de 
corporibus eorundem legitime procreatis secundum uim formam 
et effectum cuiusdam Carte nostre eis inde confecte Ratum et 
gratum habentes et habituri quicquid predictus Ricardus attornatus 
noster loco et nomine nostro fecerit in premissis. In cuius rei 
testimonium presentibus sigilla nostra apposuimus. Datum apud 
Middelsowey predictam octauo die mensis Julij Anno regni Regis 
Henrici sexti post conquestum Anglie decimo octauo. 

These rough copies of deeds drawn up beforehand, with 
dates and names of witnesses inserted, suggest the question 
whether the witnesses to such documents were always really 
present at the time specified, or whether their promise to be 
present was, in practice, held to be sufficient. 

Dorset Editor. 

187. John Wesley Senior, and Winterborne Whit- 
church, Dorset. — We are indebted to Rev. J. Conder Nattrass, 
of the Editorial Council of the Wesley Historical Society, for the 
loan of a block reproducing a page from the register of Winter- 
borne Whitchurch, which has recently been used to illustrate a 
paper by Mr. A. M. Broadley, on The Dorset Wesleys, which 

272 Somerset & Dorset Notes <S> Queries. 

appeared in Vol. VI., part i, page i, of the Proceedings of that 

This page of the Register contains, inter alia, the baptism of 
three children of John Wesley (spelled Wesly) viz. Timothy, 
Elizabeth and Samuel, entered continuously one after the other, 
and dated respectively April lyth, 1659, January 29th, 1660, and 
December 17th, 1662. Preceding these entries is one recording 
a collection for the Protestants of Lithuania in 1662, and signed 
“John Wesly Vicar.” These entries are in a small clear hand, 
doubtless that of John Wesley himself. The order in which they 
come, and the fact that the three baptisms follow the entry of a 
collection made by Wesley in 1662, seem to show that they were 
all written at aboiit one and the same time, viz. in 1662, so that those 
dated 1659 and 1660 are not strictly contemporary entries, but 
were made three or two years after the events occurred. 

The same page shows another instance of a similar mode of 
entry (not uncommon in old registers) in the case of the three 
Squibb baptisms, 1657, ^^59 1661, which follow directly 

after the last Wesley entry in 1662, — the birth of Caleb Cuff at 
Milton Abb’is being an interpolation by an uneducated hand. 
The Squibb entries are in a good hand, but not in that of the 
Wesley entries, and are immediately followed by the marriage of 
Tobia: Walton, July 22nd, 1658, in a distinct handwriting of its 

It is some fifteen years since I inspected the Whitchurch 
register, so that I cannot speak particularly of the hand-writings 
on other pages at this period, but the page in the illustration 
suggests that this register-book did not come into the hands of 
Wesley until after the Restoration. That would naturally be the 
case, for owing to the careless manner in which registers were 
kept during the earlier portion of the Interregnum, a Parish 
Register, i.e., a Registrar, elected by the inhabitants and house- 
holders, and sworn and approved by a Justice of the Peace in 
the Parish, Division or County, was established in “ every Parish 
chargeable to the relief of the poor,” to record in a book of 
“good Vellum or Parchment” all “Publications, Marriages, 
Births of Children, and Burials of all sorts of persons.” See an 
Act of 1653, Cap. 6., passed 24th August in that year. The 
‘Register’ thus appointed was to be “ some able and honest 
person,” not necessarily the officiating Minister for the time 
being. The Act further states that “All Register-Books for 
Marriages, Births and Burials already past, shall be delivered into 
the hands of the respective Registers appointed by this Act to be 
kept as Records.” When Wesley came to Whitchurch he would, 
therefore, in all probability fin'd the register-book or books in 

^Hutchins’ Dorset states that this Tobias Walton was married in 1661, but 
that year belong to the preceding entry of the baptism, of Mary Squibb. 

Somerset & Dorset Notes & Queries. 273 

the custody of a person appointed under this Act, who would be 
authorized to make the necessary entries therein. 

Several interesting observations may be made upon these 
Wesley entries. 

1. They are entries not of Births, as authorized by the Act 
of 1653, but of Baptisms. Wesley thus appears to have shaken 
himself free from the secular spirit which pervaded this 
Parliamentary Ordinance. 

2. These entries alone would not prove that Wesley was 
at Whitchurch in 1659 ; though as a matter of fact he seems to 
have arrived the previous year. Entries of events, occurring 
elsewhere, were frequently entered in a register, especially in a 
case where the Incumbent desired to preserve a memorandum 
relating to his own children. 

3. Wesley, in the entry of his third child’s baptism, 17th 
December, 1662, does not term himself (or is not termed) Vicar, 
though he is so called in the case of the two elder children. 
This is what we should expect, as the baptism occurred after 
August 24th, St. Bartholomew’s day; and it is stated that the 
benefice was declared vacant by the apparitor on October 26th., 
i.e., that two months’ grace was allowed by the authorities before 
proceeding to extremities. At the same time it may be observed 
that nearly four months after the fateful day Wesley was still at 
Whitchurch, with apparent access to the register, and with the 
power of making entries therein, (and he did not remove to 
Melcombe until 22nd February following). From this it is 
evident that Wesley was being very gently treated by the Bishop, 
Gilbert Ironside, himself a Dorset man. This comes out clearly 
in the conversation between Wesley and the Bishop, recorded 
by Calamy, {Continuation, 1727, Vol. I. p. 445) which concludes 
as follows. 

Wesley. I intend it through the Grace of God; and to be 
faithful to the King’s Majesty, however you deal with me. 

Bishop. I will not meddle with you. 

Wesley. Farewel to you. Sir. 

Bishop. Farewel, good Mr. Westley. 

It would be interesting to know the exact process by which 
Wesley became Vicar of Whitchurch, as some doubt evidently 
existed at the time regarding the validity of his appointment. In 
the account given by Calamy, cited above, it is said that “ some 
persons of distinction ” had informed the Bishop “ that Mr. 
Westley would not gratify those who desir’d him to read and 
use the Liturgy. This was what they thought they had a peculiar 
Advantage to urge and bring Mr. Westley to, apprehending his 
title to Whitchurch not valid,” &c. (Calamy, ibid. p. 438). In 
answer to the Bishop’s remark — “I asked Sir Francis Fulford 


274 Somevset &> Dorset Notes Queries, 

whether the presentation to Whitchurch was his. Whose is it } 
He told me it was not his,” — Wesley stated, “ There was none 
presented to it these sixty years. Mr. Walton lived there. At 
his departure the people desired me to preach to them ; and when 
there was a way of settlement appointed, I was by the Trustees 
appointed, and by the Triers approved.” {Ihid., p. 441). 

Again, when he appeared at the Assizes in 1661 , Wesley was 
asked by the Jiidge, “Have you a Presentation to your Place } ” 
Wesley. I have. Judge. From whom.? Wesley. May it please 
your Lordship, it is a legal Presentation. Judge. By whom was 
it } Wesley. By the Trustees. Judge. Have you brought it .? 
Wesley. I have not. Judge. Why not .? Wesley. Because I did 
not think I should be asked any such Questions here.” (Calamy, 
ihid. p. 447). It may be noticed that Wesley fences the Judge’s 
first enquiry, “From whom.?” showing that he knew that the 
legality of his Presentation, even as the times went, had been 
called in question. 

The old incumbent, Tobias Walton, B.A., Magdalen Hall, 
Oxford, who had held the Vicarage for 56 years, was buried 14th 
December, 1658, aged 89. The patrons had been the Bishops of 
Salisbury, — not the Fulfords, or the Bishops of Bristol. This 
right of patronage was now in abeyance, and the Trustees 
mentioned by Wesley, were apparently the Trustees for Main- 
tenance of Ministers, in whom were vested by an Act of 2nd 
September, 1654, l^he powers of the old Committee of Plundered 
Ministers (Shaw, The Church tinder the Commonwealth. Vol. II., p. 
230), and who seem to have exercised at that time the right of 
patronage to livings formerly in the Bishops’ gift ; — but the 
subject is obscure, and there was probably some doubt as to their 
authority in such a case. 

Wesley, it is said, “ was sent to preach at Whitchurch” in 
May, 1658, i.e., seven months before the death of old Tobias 
Walton. On 22nd July, 1658, “Tobia: Walton married to Jane 
Twynihoe,” occurs in the Whitchurch register. This person 
may have been a son of the old Vicar, and was buried July ist, 
1679, when it is entered that “Edw. Sutton Vicar came to 
Whitchurch in September ’79.” The old Vicar died, as already 
stated, 14th December, 1658; Wesley’s presentation must have 
been later than this date. Laurence Steele, Treasurer to the 
Trustees, paid an augmentation of £'] los. od., to “John 
Westly of Winterbourne Whitchurch ” for three months to March 
25, 1659. (Shaw, Vol. II, p. 586). These three months would 
be those immediately succeeding the death of Walton. 

Though Wesley got the post, a poor one, he incurred the 
hostility of “ some Persons of Figure in his Neighbourhood, who 
were too much his Enemies to permit him to continue quietly at 
Whitchurch till the Act of Uniformity ejected him,” e.g.. Sir 
Gerrard Napper, Mr. Freak, and Mr. Tregonnel (Calamy, ihid, 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


pp. 439, 445). After his removal a year and four months elapsed 
before a successor was appointed, as Robert Fairchild, B.A. (not 
mentioned by Hutchins) did not make the usual subscriptions 
on his appointment to the Vicarage until 3rd March, 1663-4 
(A. D. N. Q., Vol. VL, pp. 142, 236). How long he 
remained there is not apparent, or whether he continued until 
Sutton came. 

Dorset Editor. 

188. Broadhembury Church, Co. Devon. — On the south 
wall of this church tablets with the following inscriptions are 

In I Memory of | Ellery wife of j St. Barb Sydenham esq. | 
of Combe | in the county of Somerset | Eldest daughter of j 
Sydenham Williams esq^- [ of Herringstone | In the county of 
Dorset | who died | March 26th 1794 | aged 67. 

Arms. Argent, 3 Cornish choughs sable, within a bordure 
gules charged with crosses-patdes or and bezants alternately, 
impaling Argent, 3 rams passant sable. 

Here lieth the body of Richard Hill of Priory, esq. second 
son of Edward Hill of Priory; ninth son of Thomas Hill of Hill’s 
Court in Shropshire, esq. whose many eminent virtues justly 
entitle him to the most lasting remembrance. This age afforded 
few such examples for piety, temperance, patience, humility, 
justice, humanity, generosity, and charity. He was a tender and 
indulgent husband and parent, a sincere friend and kind master. 
He married Mary, the only daughter of John Seaward, of Clist 
St. George in this county, elder brother of Sir Edward Seaward, 
of Exon, Knt., and member of parliament for that city, by whom 
he had one son, Edward, who died 17th July, 1730, unmarried, 
and four daughters — Mary, who erected this monument to his 
memory, Grace, the wife of Humphry Sydenham, of Combe, in 
the parish of Dulverton, esq., Hannah, the wife of Richard 
Nutcombe, of Nutcombe, in the parish of Clehanger, esq., and 
Catherine, who died an infant. He died the 19th of November, 
1737, aged 82 years. 

A. J. P. S. 

189. Webb and Tresham Heraldry, (X. 210) — The 
third quartering of Webb is unnamed, and is blazoned, “Argent 
a chevron (between) in chief two quartrefoils (and) in base a 
martlet azure.” Now by its marshalling it might well be thought 
to have been brought in by Abarow ; yet I think it is intended 
for the alias of Webb, Kellowe. It is true it does not appear 
in the Armories ; but the Cornish Killiows bore “ Or a chevron 

276 Somerset &= Dorset Notes Qtceries. 

between two roses in chief and a mullet in base sable ; ” the 
mullet very likely a difference, as the martlet seems to have be- 
come in this case ; and there was a Richard Kellawe, Bishop of 
Durham in the 14th century, w^ho bore “ Or a chevron between 
in chief two cinquefoils and in base an estoile sable.” It would 
be interesting to know \vhether this suggestion can be verified. 

The second quartering of Tresham, is certainly Pevensev 
by the blazon, yet the pedigrees do not give such an alliance, 
and it is only given in the Norlhamp tons hire Vis., pp. 50 and 201. 
In Burke’s Extinct Barts., p. 532, the pedigree ofTresham begins 
with the marriage of Thomas Tresham, of Sywell, co. Northamp- 
ton, with the daughter and heir of Rempston, which in North' ton. 
Vis. is given as Beamston. Now this certainly ought to come in ; 
Beamston I cannot find, but the Rempstons bore two coats quite 
different, one, “Quarterly argent and gules, in the 2 and 3 
quarters three castles in bend or” ; the other, “ Arg. a chevron 
between three cinquefoils sable ” ; it is possible this last coat is 
the one intended to be here, especially as this coat of Pevensey 
is stated to have been blazoned like the 3rd quartering of Webb 

The third quartering of Tresham is given as Tollemache, 
misled by the tinctures ; it is really Harington, (for how else 
could the following quarterings come in ?). Lancashire Vis., 
p. 73, gives it as it is usually blazoned, “ Sable frett^^ argent over 
all a label of three points or,” but I find Papw^orth does give 
“ Argent a fret and a label of three points gules,” as Harrington ; 
so perhaps this w^as the one borne here ; North' ton Vis., p. 202, 
says John Tresham, Esq., married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James 
Harrington, of Hornby, co. Lancaster, Knt. , but Burke in the 
Extinct Barts., as above, gives it more correctly as Elizabeth, only 
daughter and heir of James Harrington, Esq., wLo w'as son of 
Sir John Harrington, of Hornby ; so that ail the followdng 
quarterings, until w^e come to the 8th, Parr, are brought in by this 

Fourth quartering ; English, is no doubt a proper correction 
of the blazon on the shield, as Lane. Vis., p. 73, says Nicholas 

Harrington married dau. and heire of .... Englysh 

(though the herald has added “quere”). 

The fifth quartering is rightly Urswicke, as NorthUon Vis., 
p. 180, says Sir James Harrington of Westley, Knt., married .... 
da. and heir of Urswick. 

Sixth quartering, “ Azure a lion, or,” but given as “ Per pale 
sable and argent a lion rampant gules,” Champneys, in North' ton. 
Vis. I cannot find any Harrington-Champneys alliance: but in 

the same Vis., p. 181, Sir Richard Harrington married da. 

and heir of . . . Verdun, w^hose Arms are given as “ Sable a lion 

Somerset 0^ Dorset Notes &> Queries. 277 

rampant argent, vulned on the shoulder gules.” So this would 
most probably be the correct blazon. 

Seventh quartering; Pilkington. Yorkshire Vis., p, 360, says 
Sir William Harrington married Ursula, daughter of Sir John 
Pilkington, and the note says, “ generally called Elizabeth d. of 
Edmund Pilkington, of Pilkington ; marriage license, 1442.” 
This I suppose to be the same as given in North' ton. Vis., p. 181, 

where Sir William Harrington, Knt., marries daughter of 

Pickering, of Pilkington ; but in neither does she appear 

as heir or coheir. 

Eighth quartering, Parr. North' ton Vis., p. 202, Sir Thomas 
Tresham, Knt,, Lord Prior of Jerusalem in England, married 
Anne, daughter and coheir of Sir William Parr, of Horton, Knt., 
Lord Parr of Horton. 

Ninth quartering, Roos or de Ros. “ Or three water 
bougets sable.” Sir William de Parre married 1383 Elizabeth- 
daughter of John and grand-daughter and heir of Sir Thomas de 
Ros, Baron of Kendal. 

Tenth quartering. John Parre, son of the last pair, married 
Agnes, daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Crophull. 

Eleventh quartering, brought in by the tenth, as John de 
Crophull married Margery or Margaret, widow of William Blount, 
and one of the daughters and coheirs of Baron Theobald de 

Twelfth quartering, Beauchamp. I cannot find how this 
comes in ; Thomas de Ros married Eleanor, d. of Richard Beau- 
champ, Earl of Warwick, but that does not make a quartering ; 
and in the same category is the marriage of Maud, daughter of 
the first Tresham in the North' ton. Vis., who married Richard 

F. Were. 

190. Clifton, of Barrington, Somerset. (X. 229.) — 
This valuable extract from the Colyton Register is worthy of 
more than its bare publicity. The Ladye Margarette Taylboyes 
was the daughter of Sir William Skipwith, of South Ormsby, co. 
Lincoln, {Genealogist . V. 36.) and Alice Dymoke, though Canon 
Maddisoii in his Lincolnshire pedigrees says it is not certain 
whether she was not by his wife Elizabeth Tyrwhit, but he leaves 
her marriage blank. She married in 1539, George 2nd Lord 
Tailboys, who was a minor and died without issue in 1540. She 
married, secondly. Sir Peter Carew, Knt., who Pole, p. 130, says 
was the third son of Sir William Carew, of Mouns Otery, Knt., 
and Joane Courtenay ; his will, proved 1575-6, has entered on it, 
“his widow Lady Margaret Garew alias Taylboys renouncing; ” 
and his monument in Exeter Cathedral, (Prince’s Worthies, p 172), 


Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries, 

says, he died in Ireland 27 Nov., and was buried at Waterford 
the 15th of Dec., 1575. His will says he is of Mohonesetrey 
(evidently a corruption of Mohuns Otery, which is in Luppitt, co. 
Devon, and the Carews’ nidus), and Baron of the Barony of 
Odrone alias Idrone in Ireland. Apparently he died s.p. Lady 
Margaret, being again a widow, married for her third husband 
the ubiquitous Sir John Clifton, as in the extract in 1579, retain- 
ing her first marriage title, but stated to be of Colcombe, which 
manor lies between Colyton and Whitford, co. Devon. I imagine 
she rented Colcombe, as soon afterwards Sir John Clifton is 
stated to be of it, and Sir William Pole found the house too 
dilapidated to repair and had to rebuild it for his home. 

The third extract from the Register says, “Lady Taylboy^es 
of Monesowtry,” so at that date, 1582, she had inherited Sir 
Peter Carew’s home ; and this date is the last one that I can find 
concerning her, being the same as given in Brown’s Somerset 
Wills, 4th Ser., p. 14, where Elizabeth Clifton {nee Blount), her 
mother-in-law, bequeaths her wedding ring to Lady Talboys, 
who was then Lady Clifton, and yet bearing her first marriage 
title. Sir John Clifton, of Barrington, Mohuns Otery, Curririvel 
and Colecomb, (Risdon’s Note Book, p. 179, Knighted 1573 ; 
Fuller’s Worthies, Sheriff of Devon, 1582, Sheriff of Somerset, 
1586) married also three times; his first wife {Notts Vis., p. 18,) 
was ‘Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Stanley Lord Mountegle,’ 
alongside whom, he, in his will, (Brown’s Somerset Wills, 4th Ser., 
p. 1 5), wishes to be buried in Barrington Church ; secondly he 
married, in 1579, the Lady Margaret Tailboys of the extract; 
and thirdly, but no date can I find, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
George Speke and Dorothy Gilbert, given in Mr. Weaver’s Som. 
Vis., p. 4, as I, Chudleigh = Eliz. = 2, Clifton = 3, Pollard. Sir 
John’s Will, see reference above, is dated 1591, and proved 1593. 
It would be happy if the dates of Lady Margaret’s death and Sir 
John’s third marriage could be found. 

F. Were. 

igi. Wells Cathedral. — The account below is taken 
from the Athenceum for 15th June, 1907 : No. 4155, p. 729. 

The Chronicle of St. Monica, a convent of English Austin 
canonesses at St. Monica’s in Louvain, 1625 to 1644. Some of 
the incidents noted in this chronicle are not a little entertaining. 
Perhaps the most surprising of these is that recorded under 
1628-9. In that y^ear Sister Anne More, the daughter of William 
More, of Wells, was professed. Her mother became a Roman 
Catholic through “a strange accident” that happened in the 
Cathedral Church of Wells. A wicked minister preaching there 
“railed out of measure against our Blessed Lady and called her 
a saffron bag. . , . whereupon there was raised on a sudden such a 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 279 

terrible tempest as frightened them all, and three persons in the 
church were cast down to the ground, and all of them marked in 
their bodies, some with half-moons, and some with stars. The 
vile minister notwithstanding ceased not to rail, until at such time 
as even an heretical bishop that was there present, bade him come 
down from the pulpit, or he would make him. There being also 
present two usurers, they alone and no other saw the devil visibly 
stand by the pulpit in most ugly form, who made mouths at the 
preacher as applauding his sermon, and afterwards went out on 
the top of the church and broke down a pinnacle thereof, as also 
at that time the leads of the clock were all melted with the heat 
of the tempest and lightning. The minister went out of the 
town with shame, and, as they say, came to great misery, as also 
his children prospered not.” This queer tale is in part cor- 
roborated by Isaac Casaubon in his Adversaria, written about 
1610, wherein it is recorded that a storm of thunder and lightning 
burst over the Cathedral at service time in the days of Bishop 
Still (1593-1608), with the result that everyone present is said to 
have had the marks of a cross printed on some part of their body. 
The variant as to the blasphemous sermon seems to have been a 
pious gloss of Sister Anne More a generation after the event. 


[This story has a scientific interest, as recording an instance 
of markings on the human body, caused by lightning and other 
electrical discharges. 

Dorset Editor]. 

192. SouTHLEiGH Church, Co. Devon. — In the tower on 
the wall is an oval white marble tablet, which was originally on 
the south wall of the church. It bears the following inscription : 

Marmore sub hoc 
Inhumatur corpus Johannis 
Rose Armigeri, Richardi Rose Ar. 
et Elizabethae uxoris ejus filii primo- 
geniti nati apud Leigh de Winsham in 
Agro Somersetensi MDCXXVI denati Vero 
Apud Morgan’s Hays in Southleigh Devoniae 
Decembris VII. MDCCV, 

Aetatis LXXIX. 


Rebecca Rose conjux unica et saecunda 
ul tesseram affectus moerens posuit hoc 



Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 

Arms : On a pale, three roses slipt, leaved, 
impaling, Barry of six, over which a shield of 
pretence, gyronny of eight, four ermine. 

What is the meaning of S.T.T.L. on this inscription } 

Richard Rose was the son of John Rose of Lyme Regis and 
his wife. Faith Ellesdon. He was Lord of the Manor of Wootton 
Fitzpaine. His wife Elizabeth was daughter of Henry Henley, 
of Leigh; she died August 19, 1639, aged 35, and was buried in 
the Church, Lyme Regis. 

The eventual heiress of Rose, Mary, daughter of Thomas 
Rose, of Wootton Fitzpaine, was married in 1737 to Francis Drewe, 
of the Grange, Devon. Their sixth son, Herman Drewe, rector 
of Wootton Fitzpaine, married a daughter of Wm. Hatherley, 
Vicar of Colyton, Devon, as is shown by the following entry in 
the Colyton parish registers : 

1775. May I. Herman Drewe, clerk, of the parish of 
Wootton Fitzpaine, in the county of Dorset, and Sarah Mary 
Hatherly were married by licence 

by me, Wm. Hatherly, Vicar, 

In the presence of Herman Drewe, 

Elizabeth Hatherly, Sarah Mary Hatherly. 

Jno. Rolle. 

Morganshays, in the parish of Southleigh, came to the family 
of Rose by purchase from Elizabeth, wife of Sir Thomas Tren- 
chard, of Charminster, and Mary, wife of Richard Brodrepp, 
sisters and heiresses of Christopher Morgan, of Moganshays. 

The following is an extract from the will of Richard Rose : — 

Richard Rose, esq., of Wootton Fitzpaine, co. Dorset: 
Lyme Regis : In the tenure of John Cox, the younger, lying in 
the parish of Lyme Regis : that close called Roadhouse in 
possession of John Cox the elder : I give to my son John Rose all 
such goods in my house at Morganhayes or in any of my houses 
in Coliton parish. I charge the Manor and Deymesnes of 
Morganhayes in Co. Devon, in parish South Lea and Colliton, 
for my daughter Mary’s marriage portion : I charge my lands 
called Bournehayes, Playne, Whittlye; Happerhaynes, and Freke- 
haynes, for portion of my daughter, Anne Rose. My brothers, 
Christopher and John Brodrulf. My daughter, Dorothy Rose: 
my daughter, Elizabeth Rose. Lands and leases in Wootton, 
Charmouth, and Lyme Regis: Tho. Orchard: James Owsley : 
Morganhayes, now in the tenure of Richard Roberts. My aunt, 
Anne Weston. Dated 31 Oct., 1655, proved 19 Feb., 1657. 


[The letters S.T.T.L. stand for Sit Tibi Terra Levis. 

Dorset Editor]. 

Sotncvset & Dorset Notes Queries. 


193. Inquisttiones Post Mortem for Dorset. (VIII. 
pp. 185, 233, 281, 329, IX. pp. 49, 96, 145, 193, 241, 289, 337, X. 
pp. 41, 89, 137, 185, X. 233).— 

No. 139. John Bonevtlc, Gsqtiire* 

Inquisition taken at Shyrborne in co. Dorset on Saturday 
next after the feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 4 Hen. 6 [1425] 
before John Wynford the king's escheator in the said county, by 
the oath of Richard Fauntleroy, John Liueden, John Gylden, William 
Ryder ^ John Mylhorne^ John Dare, William Knaplok, Thomas 
Draper, John Kayleway, John Laycestre, Lawrence Elleworth and 
Robert Dolyng, who say that 

John Bonevile, esq., held on the day that he died in his 
demesne as of fee i messuage, i watermill, 3 carucates of land, 
7a. of meadow, 6a. of wood and 20s. rent in Alfryngton, Morton, 
Herston, Swanwych, Alfletemyll and Corff in the said county. 

The said messuage, i carucate of land, 7a. of meadow and 
6a. of wood of the said tenements are in Alfryngton and are held 
of the heir of the Earl of March, being within age and in the 
wardship of the King, by what service the jurors know not, and 
are worth per ann., clear, loos. Half a carucate of land and 5s. 
rent of the said tenements are in Morton and are held of the said 
heir, and are worth per ann., clear, 20s. Half a carucate of land 
and 5s. rent are in Herston and are held of the lord of Godelyng- 
ton, and are worth per ann., clear, 20s. Half a carucate of land 
and ss. rent are in Swanwych and are held of the said heir of the 
Earl of March, and are worth per ann., clear, 20s. Half a caru- 
cate of land and 5s. rent are in Corff and are held of the said heir, 
and are worth per ann., clear, 13s. 4d. The said mill is in Alfle- 
temyll and is held of the said heir, and is worth per ann., clear, 
6s. 8d. 

John Bonevile died 10 August, 3 Hen. 6 [1425] ; William 
Bonevyle, chivaler, is his kinsman and next heir, viz., son of John 
Bonevyle, brother of Thomas Bonevyle, father of the said John 
named in the writ, and is aged 30 years and more. 

Chan. Inq. p.m. 4 Hen. 6, n. 19. 

No 140. Hlice wife of ^tlUam Bonevyle, 

Inquisition taken at Southperet, in co. Dorset on Tuesday 
next before the feast of the Ascension of the Lord, 4 Hen. 6 
[1426] before John Flory the King’s escheator in the said county, 
by the oath of Roger Crogge, John Milhorne, John Tynan, William 
Forde, John Bailly, Thomas Dare, Richard Baker, John Belle, 
William Serle, John Neele, Lawrence Elleworthy and John Brympton, 
who say that 

Alice who was the wife oi-William Bonevyle, Chivaler, did not 
hold any lands or tenements of the King in chief in demesne or 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

in service on the day that she died, but she held certain lands 
and tenements in Wyle and Burgh in Dalewode in the said county, 
viz., in Wyle 6 messuages, 2 carucates of land, loa. of meadow, 
200a. of pasture, 8a. of wood and 15s. rent, and in Burgh i mes- 
suage, 2 carucates of land, 15a. of meadow and loa. of wood in 
her demesne as of fee tail, of the gift of John Sirecch and other 
feoffees, as appears in a certain charter tripartite dated at Shete 
6 June, 3 Hen. 4 [1402] by the name of all the lands and tene- 
ments in Wyle and Burgh in Dalewode, lately thereof made to 
William Bonevylle, Knight, now deceased, and to the said Alice 
then his wife and to their heirs, the remainder thereof for default 
of such issue to William Bonevylle, son of John Bonevy lie, deceased, 
and the heirs male of his body, and of such estate the said Alice 
died seised without heir of her body by the said William her 

The said William Bonevylle son of John, now knight, is still 
surviving, and has a right to the said tenements by virtue of the 
said gift and remainder, and is aged 30 years and more. 

The said tenements in Wyle are held of the heirs of John 
Arundell as of his manor of Wotton Fitzpayn by what services the 
jurors know not, and are worth per ann., clear, 53s. 4d. The 
tenements in Burgh are held of John Wavre, and are worth per 
ann., clear, 40s. 

The said Alice was lately seised in her demesne as of fee of 
the manor of Coleway in the said county, and so seised, long be- 
fore her death granted the said manor to Thomas Carmynowe, esq., 
John Holcote and Walter Lybet, Clerks, and their heirs for 
ever, by virtue whereof the said Thomas, John dind Walter ^Xid 
still are thereof seised : which said manor is held of the lord of 
Ponynges by what service is not known, and is worth per ann., 
clear, £10. 

The said Alice died on Wednesday next before the feast of 
Easter last past ; William Bonevyle, knight, is her kinsman and 
next heir, viz. son of Elizabeth, daughter of the said Alice, and is 
now aged 30 years and more. Chan. Inq. p.m. 4 Hen. 6, n. 34. 

No. 141. William Boncvile, Knight. 

Inquisition taken at Shirborne in co. Dorset 27 October, 
I Edw. 4 [1461] before Thomas Gille, the King’s escheator in the 
said county, by the oath oiThomas Horsy, Esq., Thomas Lyte, Esq., 
John Fauntleroy, Esq., John Lyte, Richard Jayberd, John Ilberd, 
Andrew Serle, John Brampton of Mershe, Andrew Forcy, Thomas 
Moleyns, William Hawkyn and John Grene, who say that 

John Sireeche, John Passeware, Clerk, John Churchehill, John 
Beuyn, Thomas Brohhampton, Walter Walische ■aaad Andrew Ry don 
were late seised in their demesne as of fee of 6 messuages, 2 car- 
ucates of land, loa. of meadow, 200a. of pasture on the hill, 8a. 

Somerset Dorset Notes & Queries. 


of wood and 15s. rent in Wyle, and of i messuage, i toft, 2 caru- 
cates of land, 1 5a. of meadow and i oa. of wood in Dalewood in the 
said county ; and so seised, by charter dated at Shete 6 June, 3 
Hen. 4 [1402] granted all the said premises to William Bonevile, 
knight, and Alice his wife, by the name of all their lands and 
tenements in Wyle and Burgh in Dalewood : to hold to them and 
their heirs of the chief lords of those fees by the rents and ser- 
vices therefor due for ever : if the said William and Alice should 
happen to die without heirs, then all the said tenements shall 
wholly remain to William son of John Bonevile, deceased, and the 
heirs male of his body for ever ; for default of such heirs, then 
the same shall wholly remain to Thomas, brother of the said 
William, son of John, and to the heirs male of his body for ever ; 
for default then to William, son of the said William Bonevyle, 
knight, and the heirs male of his body for ever : for default, then 
to the heirs male of the body of the said William Bonevile, 
knight ; and if he shall have no heir male of his body, then one 
moiety of all the lands and tenements in Wyle and Dalewood 
shall wholly remain to Katherine, wife of John Wyke. and the 
heirs male of her body ; and the other moiety to Elizabeth, wife 
of Thomas Carreu, knight, and the heirs male of her body ; for 
default, then all the said premises shall remain to the right heirs 
of the said William Bonevile, knight, for ever. By virtue of which 
said gift and grant the said William and Alice were seised of the 
said lands in their demesne as of fee tail, and died without heirs 
of their bodies. Afterwards the said William Bonevile son of 
John, who is the same William named in the writ, entered into all 
the said premises as into his said remainder, and was thereof 
seised in his demesne as of fee tail and died thereof seised with- 
out heir male of his body, and so the said lands and tenements 
belong to the said Thomas Bonevile, brother of the said William, 
who now survives, and to the heirs male of his body by the said 
remainder, by virtue of the said gift and grant. 

The said tenements in Wyle are held of the Earl of Arundell 
as of his manor of Wotton Fitzpayn by knight’s service, and are 
worth per ann., clear, 60s. The tenements in Dalewode are held 
of Robert Warre as of his manor of Dalewood by fealty for all 
service, and are worth per ann., clear, 40s. 

The said William named in the writ held on the day that he 
died in his demesne as of fee the manors of Berne, Tvlaperton, 
Sturmynstre Marshall, Alrynton, Morton ; i messuage, 50a. of 
land, loa. of meadow, 6a. of wood and 50s. rent in Whytecherche 
and Lyme ; i messuage, 40a. of land and 8a. of meadow in 
Tyderley in the parish of Cherdestoke ; 10 messuages, 2 caru- 
cates of land and 12a. of meadow in Shirborne and Ludelynche; 
and 4 messuages, 5 carucates of land and loa. of meadow in 
Casemyll, Greismyll and Yerdelond. 

The said manor of Berne is held of John Wyllughby, knight. 


Somerset S* Dorset Notes Queries. 

and Anna, his wife, by what service the jurors know not, and is 
worth per ann., clear, 13. 4d. Of whom the manors of 

Maperton, Sturmynstre Marschall, Alryngton and Morton are held 
the jurors know not : the said manor of Maperton is worth per 
ann., clear, 5 marks ; the said manor of Sturmynstre Marschall, 

1 00s., the said manor of Alryngton and the said manor of 
Morton The said premises in Whytecherche are held of 

Henry 6, late King of England, as of his honor of Mershewode, 
and are worth per ann., clear, £^. The premises in Tyderley, in 
the parish of Cherdestoke are held of George Fitzpayn, and are 
worth per ann., clear, 20s. The premises in Shirborne and 
Ludelynche are held of the Bishop of Sarum and John Chideok 
and are worth per ann., clear, £s ; of whom the tenements in 
Casemyll, Greismyll and Yerdelond are held the jurors know 
not: they are worth per ann., clear, £%. 

William Bonevile died 19 February last past; Cecilia Bonevile 
Lady Haryngton is his kinswoman and next heir, viz., daughter 
of William, son of the said William Bo nevyle, knight, and is aged 
half a year and more. Chan. Inq. p.m. i Edw. 4, n. 37. 

No. 142. Thomas BonevyU, Gsquire. 

Inquisition taken at Churchestoke in co. Dorset 18 April, 7 
Edw. 4 [1467] before William Flernyng, Esq., the King’s 
escheator in the said county, by the oath of John Hugyn, Esq., 
Thomas Molyns, John Agaunte, Thomas Golde, Richard Tiderlegh, 
William Oxlegh, Andrew Serle, William Bakelford, Richard 
Chamber, John Nuhery, William Colmore, John Hychons, Richard 
Godef . . . and William Aylesworthe, who say that 

John Strecche, John Passeware, Clerk, John Churchehyll, John 
Benyn, Thomas Brokhampton, Walter Walshe and Andrew Rydon 
were late seised in their demesne as of fee of 6 messuages, 2 
carucates of land, loa. of meadow, 200a. of pasture on the hill, 
8a. of wood and 15s. rent in Wyle and Braysheys ; i messuage, i 
toft, 2 carucates of land, 15a. of meadow and loa. of wood in 
Dalewode and Cokersdon in the said county ; and so seised, by 
charter dated at Shute 6 June, 3 Hen. 4 [1402] granted all the 
said premises to William Bonvyle, Knight, and Adice his wife : To 
hold to them and their heirs of the chief lords of those fees by 
the services thereof due and accustomed for ever ; for default of 
such heirs, then all the said premises shall wholly remain to 
William Bonvyle son of John Bonvyle, deceased and the heirs male 
of his body for ever; for default, then to Thomas brother of the 
said William son of John and to the heirs male of his body for 
ever ; for default, then to William Bonvyle son of the said Sir 
William Bonvyle and the heirs male of his body for ever ; for 
default, the same shall remain to the heirs male of the body of 
the said Sir William ; for default, then i moiety of all the lands 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes & Queries. 


and tenements in Wyle Brayshays Cokesdon and Dalewode shall 
remain to Katherine wife of John Wyke and the heirs male of her 
body, and the other moiety to Elizabeth wife of Thomas Carewe, 
knight ; and the heirs male of her body ; and if the said Katherine 
and Elizabeth shall both die without heirs male of their bodies, 
then ah the said premises shall remain to the right heirs of the 
said Sir William Bonvyle for ever ; by virtue of which said gift and 
grant the said Sir William and A lice were seised of the said lands 
and Tenements in their demesne as of fee-tail. The said Sir 
William and Alice his wife died without heirs of their bodies, 
and afterwards the said William Bonvyle son of John entered into 
the said premises and was thereof seised in his demesne as of fee 
tail, and died thereof seised without heirs male of his body, and 
afterwards the said Thomas brother of the said William son of 
John entered into the same and was thereof seised in his demesne 
as of fee tail : which said Thomas being so thereof seised assigned 
the said premises in Wyle and Brayshays in dower to Elizabeth, 
the lady of H ary ngdon, late the wife of the said William Bonvyle 
son of John, to hold for the term of her life, by virtue whereof the 
said Elizabeth was thereof seised in her demesne as of free 
tenement, the reversion thereof belonging to the said Thomas 
Bonvyle and his heirs male : which said Elizabeth still survives. 

The said Thomas (named in the writ) had issue John Bonvyle, 
esq., who is still surviving, and after the death of the said Thomas 
the said lands and tenements descended to the said John and the 
heirs male of his body. 

John More and William Cooke were seised of the manor of 
Shappeton in their demesne as of fee : which said manor they 
recovered against Thomas Bonvyle and Lena his wife, by virtue of 
which recovery they entered into the said manor and were there- 
of seised in their demesne as of fee. And they being so seised, 
by their charter dated 5 January 35 Hen, 6 [1457] demised and 
confirmed the said manor to the said Thomas Bonvyle and Lena 
late his wife for the term of their lives; and after their decease 
the said manor to remain to John Copleston and Anne his wife and 
the heirs of their bodies ; for default, to the heirs of the body of 
the said Anne\ and for default to the right heirs of the said 
Thomas Bonvyle (named in the writ) for ever: by virtue of which 
said charter the said Thomas and Lena were seised of the said 
manor in their demesne as of free tenement. Afterwards the said 
Lena died and the said Thomas survived her and was solely 
seised thereof in his demesne as of freehold ; after his death the 
said manor remained to the said Philip and Anne. 

The lands and tenements in Wyle are held of the Earl of 
Arundell as of his manor of Wotton Fitzpayn by knights service, 
and are worth per ann. clear, 60s. The premises in Brayshays 
are held of Robert Warre by fealty and the service of i rose per 
ann., and are worth per ann., clear, zod. The lands and tene- 

286 Somerset Dorset Notes <§- Queries. 

ments in Cokesdon are held of the Bishop of Sarum by fealty 
and the service of 2s., and are worth per ann., clear, 13s. 4d. 
The premises in Dalewode are held of Robert Warre as of his 
manor of Dalewode by fealty, and are worth per ann., clear, 40s. 
The manor of Shapton is held of Richard Earl of Warwick as of 
his manor of Crechurche by knights service, and is worth per 
ann., clear, £ 4 r 6s. 3d. 

Thomas Bonvyle died on Saturday next before the feast of St. 
Valentine the Martyr, 6 Edw. 4. The said John Bonvyle is the 
son and next heir of the said Thomas and is aged 50 years and 
above. Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. 4, n. 46. 

No. 143. 6Ujabetb Cady J^arrington, wife of 
^iUiatn Botiville. 

Inquisition taken at Shireburne in the said county 15 Jan- 
uary, II Edw. 4 [1472] before Thomas Phylipp, the King’s 
escheator in the said county, after the death of Elizabeth Haryng- 
ton, widow, by the oath of John Lyte, William Cleyton, Richard 
Jayberd, Richard Mylburn, John Nyier, John Lo 7 tge, John Seynesbury, 
John Cleywyll, Thomas Sylver, John Hoper, John Davy and Richard 
Hylbrand, who say that 

William Bonvyle of Chuton, Knight, was seised of the manors 
of Maperton, Sturmyster Marchall, Alryngton, Moneton and 
Berne, and i messuage, 50a. of land, loa. of meadow, 6a. of 
wood and 50s. rent in Lyme in co. Dorset in his demesne as of 
fee, and died so seised on the 19th day of February, 39 Hen. 6 
[1461], Cecilia Bonevyle is the kinswoman and next heir of the 
said William, viz. daughter of Williain son of William son of the 
said Sir William Bo^ievyle of Chuton and is aged 10 years and 
more : which said manor, lands and tenements together with 
other lands and tenements in the same county are held of the 
King that now is in chief, whereof the said Sir William likewise 
died seised in his demesne as of fee, by virtue of a certain inquisi- 
tion taken at Shereburne on the 27th day of October in the ist 
year of the now King before Tho^nas Gylle then escheator in the 
said county after the death of the said Sir William and returned 
into the Chancery of the said King, and by reason of the minority 
of the said Cecilia they were taken and seised [into the King’s 
hands]. Afterwards the King by Letters Patent dated at West- 
minster 19 February in the ist year of his reign, of his special 
grace assigned and granted to Elizabeth Lady Haryngton (named 
in the writ) late the wife of the said Sir William Bonvile all the 
said premises among other manors, lands and tenements in cos. 
Cornwall, Devon, Somerset and Leicester : to hold to her in the 
name of her dower happening to her out of all the lands which 
the said William Bonvile held in his demesne on the day that he 
died, by virtue of which said assignment the said Elizabeth was 

Somerset &• Dorset Notes Queries. 


thereof seised in her demesne as of free tenement, the reversion 
thereof being to the said Cecilia^ who is still under age and in the 
wardship of the King. 

The manors of Maperton, Sturmyster Marshall, Alryngton 
and Moneton are not held of the King, but the jurors do not 
know of whom they are held : the manor of Maperton is worth 
per ann., clear, 5 marks ; the manor of Sturmyster Marshall is 
worth per ann., clear, loos. ; the said manor of Alryngton, £(> ; 
and the said manor of Moneton £4r> The said manor of Berne is 
not held of the King, but of John Willughby, Knight, and An?te 
his wife as in right of the said Anne, by what service the jurors 
know not : it is worth per ann., clear, £6 13. 4. The said pre- 
mises in Lyme are not held of the King but of Anne Duchess of 
York as of her honor of Mersshwode, by what service the jurors 
know not : they are worth per ann., clear, £^. 

John Strecch, John Passeware, Clerk, John Churchehyll, John 
Bevyn, Thomas Brohehampton, Walter Walshe and Andrew Rydon 
were seised inter alia in their demesne as of fee of 6 mes- 
suages, 2 carucates of land, loa. of meadow and 200a. of pasture 
on the hills, 8a. of wood and 1 5s. rent in Wyle, and so seised, by 
their charter bipartite dated at Shute 6 June, 3 Hen. 4 [1402] 
granted the same to a certain William Bonvile, knight, and Alice 
his wife : to hold to them and their heirs of the chief lords of 
those fees by the services therefor due and of right accustomed ; 
so that if it happen that the said William and Alice shall die 
without heirs then the said premises shall wholly remain to 
William Bonevyle, son of John Bonvyle, then deceased, and the 
heirs male of his body for ever ; for default of such heirs, the 
said premises shall wholly remain to Thomas, brother of the said 
William, son of John, and the heirs male of his body for ever ; 
for default, then to William Bonevyle, son of the said William 
Bonevyle, knight, and the heirs male of his body for ever ; for 
default, then to the heirs male of the body of the said William 
Bonevyle ; for default, then one moiety of the said premises shall 
wholly remain to Katherine, wife of John Wyke, and the heirs male 
of her body, and the other moiety to Elizabeth, wife of Thomas 
Carew, knight, and the heirs male of her body ; and if the said 
Katherine and Elizabeth both die without heirs male of their 
bodies, then the said premises shall wholly remain to the right 
heirs of the said William Bonevyle, knight, for ever, by virtue 
whereof the said Sir William Bonevyle and Alice, his wife, were 
seised of the said premises in their demesne as of fee tail. 

The said Sir William and Alice died without heirs of their 
bodies begotten, and afterwards the said William Bonevyle, son 
of John, entered into the said messuages, &c., and was thereof 
seised in his demesne as of fee-tail, and died thereof seised with- 
out heirs male of his body begotten ; after whose death the said 
Thomas Bonevyle, brother of the said William, son of John, en- 


Somerset <S- Dorset Notes Queries. 

tered into the said premises and was thereof seised in his demesne 
as of fee-tail : which said Thomas being thereof seised assigned 
the same to a certain Elizabeth Lady Haryngton, late the wife of 
the said William, son of John, in dower for the term of her life, 
by virtue of which assignment the said Elizabeth was thereof 
seised in her demesne as of free tenement, the reversion thereof 
belongingto the said Thomas Bonevyle, who died thereof and of all 
other the said messuage, &c., seised in his demesne as of free 

Afterwards the said Elizabeth (named in the writ) died seised 
of the said premises in her demesne as of free tenement, the 
reversion thereof belonging to the said John Bonevyle : which said 
John still survives. 

The said premises on the hills and the said wood and rent in 
Wyle are held of the Earl of Arundell as of his manor of Wotton 
Fitzpayn by knights service, and are worth per ann., clear, 60s. 

The said Elizabeth died 28 October last past ; Joan Courteney 
and Elizabeth Courteney are her kinswomen and next heirs, viz., 
daughters of Thomas son of Hugh brother of the said Elizabeth : 
the said Joan is aged 24 years and more, and the said Elizabeth 22 
years and more. * Chan. Inq. p.m. ii Edw. 4, n. 64. 

No. 144. John le Botylcr. 

Edward by the grace of God &c. to Ralph de Sandwyco his 
steward. Because we understand that the extent which we lately 
commanded to be made by you of the lands and tenements of 
John le Botyler in Blandford has not been well made, we command 
you again to go to those lands and tenements in your proper 
person and cause them to be extended by the oath of good and 
lawful men of that view^by whom the truth of the matter may be 
the better known, to wit, how much they are worth per ann. 
as in demesnes, services, rents, villeinages and all other issues of 
land, and to send us the extent so distinctly and openly made 
without delay under your seal and the seals of those by whom it 
shall be made, with this writ, so that we may have them in our 
next parliament. 

Witness ourself at Clarendon 27 March, in the 9th year of 
our reign [1281]. 

R. de Sandwyco, the King’s steward to the sheriff of Dorset. 
We have received the King’s mandate in these words : Edward 
by the grace of God, &c. Whereas by our charter we have given 
to John le Botyler our manors of Wymering [co. Southton] and 
Blaneford to the value of 60 librates of land : to hold to him and 
his heirs of us and our heirs for ever, paying to us per annum id. 
at our Exchequer at Easter for the manor of Ringwood which 
the said John rendered and quitclaimed to us from him and his 
heirs for ever, so that if the said manors of Wymering and 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 


194. The Earl of Beagonsfield at Bath and Taun- 
ton. — The Memorable Taunton Election of 1835. — At 
a recent autograph sale in London no less than four letters 
were disposed of, throwing new light on Benjamin Dis- 
raeli’s early connection with Somerset. He was barely 29 
when he came to Bath with the first Lord Lytton, and wrote 
thence [Jany. 29, 1833] to his sister; — “We have a lodging at 
£2 pr. week in an unfashionable part of the town, with no ser- 
vant, and do everything but cook our own dinners, to which 
Bulwer was very inclined, — we have two sitting rooms and 
scribble in solitude in the morning until two — I have written 
about fifty pages of a pretty tale about Iskander, which will be a 
fine contrast to Alroy. . . . The type and page of Alroy is 

most original, striking, and beautiful E. L. B. has 

written a work in two volumes on the present state of England,” 
etc.” This interesting letter is now in the possession of 
Messrs. Maggs, 109, Strand. It would be interesting to know 
precisely where the two future peers found the modest accommo- 
dation thus alluded to. In April, 1835, Disraeli (who had already 
thrice contested High Wycombe unsuccessfully — twice in 1833 
and once in 1834) suddenly appeared at Taunton to do battle with 
Mr. Labouchere, who sought re-election on his appointment to 
the mastership of the Mint. It must have been some days before 
April 24, when Mr. Labouchere issued the following address : — 

To the worthy and independent Electors of the Borough of 


I have now concluded my General Canvass and your kind- 
ness enables me to state, that I have received such a number of 
promises as ensures my return by a large Majority as your Repre- 
sentative to the House of Commons. 

I rejoice to find that it is probable that an opportunity will 
be afforded you of recording your Votes on Tuesday at the Poll, 
and thus of contradicting those who have asserted that you have 
abandoned the Political Principles you have so long maintained. 
I have represented those Principles to the best of my judgment 
and ability for the last five eventful years. During that period I 
have seen Parliament Reformed, the Slave Emancipated, Economy 
Enforced and Taxation Reduced, under the auspices of those 
Statesmen who have just been recalled to power by the voice of 
their Sovereign and their Country. 

I shall persevere in the same course — I hope that I shall 
always maintain my own opinions with firmness, but I never will 
indulge in a tone of intemperate invective against those from 
whom I differ upon Public Que,stions. 

I shall make every exertion to wait upon those Electors whom 

VoL. X. Part lxxix. September, 1907. 


2go Somerset &> Dorset Notes cS* Queries. 

I have not yet had the pleasure of seeing. 

I remain, 

Your obliged and faithful servant, 

H. Labouchere. 

Taunton, April 24th, 1835. 

Disraeli’s “ platform ” at Taunton was that of a “ Conserva- 
tive patriot.” The remaining three Disraeli letters out of the 
four recently disposed of were purchased by the present writer. 
They are all exceedingly interesting, and were addressed during 
the heat of the struggle to his sister at Bradenham. One is dated 
before and the other two after the issue of Mr. Labouchere’s 
address : — 


Castle Inn, Taunton, 

Wedy night. 
[April 22 1835] 

Darling — There is no place like Tarnion, not that I think I can 
win this time, tho’ had the Carlton Club written by Monday 
night’s post I consider my return would have been certain; but 
the writ arrived, & no sign on our part, & the Blues were so 
dispirited last time by M. Gore, that they had no faith in 
Conserv: Candid^ & Lab® who was 24 hours in advance of me, 
has picked up many whites (my color) but come in at the general 
election I must, for I have really got the promise of 2 3^^‘^s of the 
Electors. I do not think my election will cost me a coin, not 
even the ;^200 which my father has paid into Dunn's. Wycombe 
is nothing to Taunton. I live in a maze of enthusiasm. Even 
my opponents promised to vote for me next time. 

Think of me often. The fatigue is awful. Two long 
speeches to-day & nine hours canvass on foot in a blaze of 
repartee. I am quite exhausted ; I really can’t even see, but I 
contrive to inscribe my love to all. B.D. 

Constituents 850 

Two 3^^^^ Canvassed (in pencil, 567) 

250 promises (in pencil, left 283) 

400 will win. I have seen Reynolds. 

Miss Disraeli, 

Bradenham House, High Wycombe. 


Castle Inn, Taunton 

Saty morn? 
[April 25 1835] 


Out of nearly 900 Electors, my opponent talks of a majority 
of 100, including all Ld. Ashburton’s tenants who will give their 
second votes to me at a general election & the considerable body of 
60 to 70 true blues whom he entrapped by his early canvass. So 

Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries, 291 

you see I had a very fine chance here & hope soon to reap the 
fruits of my exertions. I am infinitely more popular here than 
at Wycombe & have no very bitter enemies. 

I resume my pen to say that I have received letters from 
which I learn that my election is to cost me not a farthing. I 
shall return the £ioo. 


The election on Monday nomination. Love to all. 


Address. Miss Disraeli 

Bradenham House 
High Wycombe. 


Castle Taunton 

Every woman is on my side. Sunday night. 

[April 26 1835] 

Dearest Sa — 

I received your packet to-day. I am very well indeed. I 
am glad the boys did not come. Here I have no lack of friends. 
The country gentlemen for ten miles round flock to me every 
day, but I am obliged to decline all their invitations. As for 
Taunton itself, the enthusiasm of Wycombe is a miniature to it ; 
& I believe in point of energy, eloquence & effect, I have far ex- 
ceeded all my former efforts. Nothing can describe the universal 
enthusiasm. Everyone seems my friend. Had I arrived 4 and 
20 hours sooner the result was certain. It will be so on another 
occasion, but my lateness in the field, the opposition of Ashbur- 
ton’s agent, & the remembrance of Montague Gore’s cowardice, 
have been great stumbling blocks. 

Bonham writes to me every day. It is astonishing how well 
they are informed in London of all that passes here, & how 
greatly they appreciate my exertions. They have opened a sub- 
scription for me at the Carlton, headed by Chandos, who has 
written to me twice in the warmest tone. Even D’Orsay has 
written to me to say that everyone is talking of my astounding 

God bless you all at Bradenham. Tomorrow [April 27] is 
nomination day. I must go to London, & will get to Brad : as 
soon as possible. My own opinion is that Lab : must win by 
100, but with these large constituencies results are always uncer- 
tain. My friends therefore have still wild hopes ; and can’t help 
flattering themselves that tomorrow’s speech may excite all the 
neutrals to the poll in my favour, but I have never indulged the 
hope of winning a single instant. 

Your own 

To Miss Disraeli, Bradenham House, B. D. 

H. Wycombe, 

Bucks. Postmark: Taunton, Ap. 27, 1835. 

2Q2 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

The nomination took place on Tuesday, April 28, the poll 
on Wednesday, April 29. The result was as follows : — 
Labouchere . . . . 452 

Disraeli .. .. .. 282 

In 1830 Labouchere and Bambridge (both Liberals) were 
returned by a substantial majority. In 1831 and 1832 there was 
no opposition. The “ Castle Inn ” letters make it sufficiently 
clear that the historic repartee that “ the Author of Vivian Grey 
could be remembered as such when the Master of the Mint was 
forgotten,” and the fierce attack on O’Connell must have been 
uttered either on the 27th, 28th or 29th. This view is supported 
by the rare handbill now reproduced and kindly placed, along 
with the Labouchere address, at the disposal of the writer by Mr. 
John Duder, of Tregedna, Taunton. 

A. M. Broadley. 

195. WiTHAM Friary Boundaries and Place Names. 
(IX. 108, 346, X. 22, 59, 176, 206, 245.) — At the time I wrote 
my previous note as to Beggar in place names, I had not before 
me Isaac Taylor’s Words and Places. It is, however, only neces- 
sary to turn to that useful little work to obtain support to the sug- 
gested origin of the word. 

At p. 46 he says that in languages which belong to the 
Teutonic branch of the Aryan stock we find the root of the name 
Aryan in the form ware, meaning inhabitants. This word, he 
says, enters into the names of a great number of German tribes, 
and in this connection we may probably also again refer to Bex- 
warenaland (the land of the people of Bex {?), ware having here 
a genitive plural termination and becomes warena). Cf. Bex- 
ington (Dorset). Ware, he adds, has Latinised forms uari and 
oari, while the Teutonic w is sometimes changed into a Celtic or 
Romance g. (p. 43). After naming certain peoples of Central 
Europe in whose names the word is to be found he proceeds, 
“ The name of the 'Boi-vari-i is preserved in the modern name of 
Ba-vari-a, the land of the Boii.* 

* May the name of these people be traced to the old Slavic Boge (See 
supra, p. 207, note (4) ) “the general name for a deity which after the 
Christian conversion [of England] became degraded to that of a hobgobh'n,” 
ox Bogie 1 (Shore, p. 364; I. Taylor, p. 223.) Near Penzance the Cornish 
black spirit of evil omen, called Bucca, Bugga, or Buccaboo, is still remem- 
bered, and he may probably be traced to this origin (Shore, 1 . c.). Cf. again 
Bucgan-ora (Bognor). At p. 48 Isaac Taylor says “ The Celtic Boii, who left 
their ancient ‘ home ’ in Bohemia (Boi-hem-ia, or Boi-heim) to Sclavonic occu- 
pants, gave their name to Bai-txn or Bavaria.” It mil be recollected that 
Freeman drew special attention to the similarity between the district (the 
Bessin) round Bayeux and England. He says “ No where, out of the old 
Saxon and Frisian lands, can we find another district of continental Europe 
which is so truly a brother-land of our own. The district of Bayeux, occu- 
pied by a Saxon colony in the latest days of the old Roman Empire . . . has 
retained to this day a character which distinguishes it from every other 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


Here then we have surely an explanation oi the. Beggar. 
All we have to do is to give the Boii the name by which their 
Anglo-Saxon neighbours knew them, Bseg-v'are. We then change 
the Teutonic w into a Celtic g (a not very unlikely thing to hap- 
pen in England, especially in the West and where some Celtic 
remnants were still to be met with, as evidenced, for example, in 
many place names f) and we get Baeg-gare. We then shorten the 
final syllable much in the same way that Cant-ze/ar^j-byrig became 
to the CdiTit-wave (the men of Kent) Cant-er-bury, and we get 
Baeg-gar or Beggar. I have recently come across a similar case 
of the triumph of the e sound, but I have mislaid the reference.]: 

It seems not improbable that the curious word Begesethle 
(or Begesthle) which occurs among the boundaries of Charter- 
house on Mendip may be of similar origin. 

Beg-es-seth-le may be Baegware-es-sett-ley, the field (by) the 
settlement, park, or enclosure of the Boii — let us say. VVhat 
distance may this be from Beggars Batch, near Cheddar, which 
it has been suggested (III. ii.), was originally Bagewerre ? For 
this use of sett compare Sir Ernest Clarke’s note, p. 230, Chron. J . 
de Brakelond, “ ... an old deer park of very ancient foundation. 

Romance-speaking portion of the Continent. The Saxons of Bayeux kept 
their name and their distinct being under the Frankish dominion ; . . . In the 
district of Bayeux he \i.e. the Englishman] seems hardly to have left his own 
island . . . men, beasts, everything are distinctly of a grander and better type 
than their fellows in the French districts ; the general aspect of the land, its 
fields, its hedges, all have an English look ...” [Norm. Conq. i^., 177-9). 
May we not see evidence in all this that the Saxons who occupied the Bessin, 
lilce the Saxons who invaded England, brought with them Boii, Bavarians, 
Beggars, who had a distinct characteristic and individuality of their own, and 
left their name at Bfljv-eux as well as at Beggar's Stile } [Cf. Shore, passim.) 
It seems evident there was some difference in the language spoken generally in 
the Bessin, which was the Saxon tongue, and that spoken in Bayeux. “In 
the capitulary of Charles the Bald in 843 . . . the ‘ ot lingua Saxonia ’ is dis- 
tinguished from the Bagisinum. It might,” says Freeman, “seem that the 
Saxon speech survived in some parts of the country, but not in the city ...” 
{Norm. Conq., i^, 1780.2.). This is just what one might expect if Bayeux 
were occupied by VVendish Boii who came with the Saxons. Fieeman says 
there was a “ Celtic intermixture” at Bayeux {Ibid, note 3). 

t We may perhaps refer to Waletonia or Walecumba, mentioned in the 
Charter and the Roll, and which must be in the immeaiate neighbourhood of 
the Beggar Stile Fields, and to Haveneshefd’, (But see supra p. 245). 

i InLangland’s The Creed of Piers Ploughman, 1 . 1195 (ed. Wright) w'e 
have “ Bagges and beggyng.'^ 

Beggery Island has apparently quite a different origin, 5 . &• D. N. &Q- 
i. 150. 

In Sussex there is Bayham, otherwise Beigham, Begeham or Begham, 
(Dugdale, Mon., Ang., VI. 910.) It is at the county boundary. (Hastead, 
Hist, of Kent, II. 377). Bay Hall Farm and Bedgbury are on the other side of 
the boundary in Rent. In Yorkshire near Richmond was the alien Priory of 
Begare. For a short time it belonged to the Carthusian Priory of Mountgrace. 
It was a cell of Begare in Brittany. (Dug. Mon., Ang., VI., p. 1055). Where 
was this } Was it like Bayeux in the Bessin ? 

294 Somerset &* Dorset Notes Queries. 

It was called Elmsett or Aelmsethe, or the Great Park.” Cf. also 
Letheringsett, Norfolk. Perhaps Begeseth = Beggar’s Huish. 

With regard to the cultivation of land in common, whence it 
would be likely for the land, so cultivated, to be known by the 
name of the people cultivating it, attention may be drawn to the 
fact that there were certain customs in connection with the tenure 
of land which prevailed in East Friesland, not far from the 
mouth of the Ems, one of which was inheritance by the youngest 
son, but if he died without issue the land fell into the possession 
of the whole community (Shore, p. 148) when it would probably 
be cultivated in common. This same custom of junior inherit- 
ance also prevailed in parts of Bavaria {Ibid., p. 149). In Eng- 
land it was known as Borough-English, and it prevailed in some 
parts of Somersetshire pp. 146-150). JJ It was apparently of 

Slavic origin ; clearly not Teutonic. {Ibid., 149.) And in addi- 
tion the Slavs were essentially agriculturalists, and the tendency 
of the race is in the direction of co-operation. These facts re- 
quire careful consideration, especially having in view the location 
of Beggar’s Stile Fields (and may we say Rugalega ?) in close 
proximity to Humburna, which the extracts given above (pp. 
176-7) from Shore suggest may take its name from a people who 
originally dwelt on the banks of the Ems. Further it may be 
observed that at no great distance away, namely on the other 
side of Billerica Farm, and contiguous to Crosselm Lane, some 
of the fields have all the appearance of having remained open 
fields, until quite recently fenced off by a modern wire fence. In 
this I may however be deceived, as old hedges may have been 
grubbed up, but that is not the impression left on the mind’s 
eye. If they form part of land formerly unenclosed — (I have not 
the names of these fields) — may they too have been part of the 
territory of the same or some other Wendish settlement ? § 

As to the association of Beggar with thorn and bush, this 
seems to give further support to the suggested derivation. The 
Bavarians were a people of Wendish origin, and the thorn was 
held in special reverence by the Wends. (Shore, op. cit., 341). 
And certain customs with regard to it, which have been shewn to 
have prevailed in this country, do not 'apparently prevail except 
in Slavonic countries or where old Wendish settlements were 
made. (J. G. Frazer, The Golden Bough, 1890, i. 75 ; as to tree 
worship see Ibid., i. 56 seqq. ; see also the same author. Lectures 
on Early History of Kingship, 1905, p. 16 1, seqq. cf. 154, 159.) 

I J “ . . . There is no reason for supposing that [the custom of Borough 

English] had a burghal origin. It is not very often found m boroughs, while 
it was common in rural manors.” (Pollock and IMaitland Hist. Eng. Law 12 
p. 647. Cf Shore p. 99). 

§ On the subject of the cultivation of land in common and co-ownership 
useful reference may be made to Maitland, Domesday Booh and Beyond, 1897, 
Essay II., and particularly to pp. 338-348. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


An attempt to explain the reason for this reverence has been 
made by Dr. H. Colley March in the Lancashire and Cheshire 
Antiquarian Society's Translations (vol. VI, 1888, p. 105, and vol. 
VIII, 1890, p. 71), but whatever the origin of this reverence may 
be, we have the fact that thorns are frequently to be found at 
boundaries. Cank Thorn marks the boundary of the manor of 
Channock (Duignan, Staffordshire P. N.). A thorn tree (the 
Lusthorn) was in 977 a boundary mark at Thornton in Worces- 
tershire (Duig. Wore. P. N., 161). Seven Thorns Well was on 
the parish boundary near Manchester. {Trans. L. and C. Ant. 
Soc., vol. xxiii., p. 126 n '^). 

I am unaware whether the Somersetshire places Thorn St. 
Margarets (near Wellington), Bettesthorne (S. &> D. N. Q. 
X. 137, 138), Mortesthorn {Ihid., X. 190) and Ivethorn ( 5 . D. 
N. Q., IV. 188, and VIII. 35) are at boundaries, but in the 
Perambulation of the Forest of Mendip we have the thorn 
“ which is called Merthorn,” which Mr. Greswell says is the 
Mear or Boundary Thorn. (The Forests ... of Somerset, p. 269). 
Possibly it marked the boundary of Begesethle. In Dorset there 
is Goddesthorn [S. D. N , Q., IV., pp. i, 264.) 

These thorns were probably also Places of Meeting § as 
Thickthorn, which gave its name to the Sheriff’s Court called 
Thickthorn Court (S. D. N. Q., VII., p. 66).* * 

Pemblesthorn has previously been mentioned (supra, 207). 
It was at a boundary, but the actual boundary mark appears to 
have been the stone under the tree. The words of our charter 
are “ ad petram de Pemblestorna.” The stone would seem to 
indicate that the tree was the local meeting place. “ In Jeffer- 
son’s Cumberland (1840) it is stated that the forest and swain- 
mote court for the seigniory of Hesket were still held annually on 
June nth in the open air, on the great north road to Carlisle, 
the place being marked by a stone table placed before a thorn 
called Court Thorn.” (Cox, Roy. For. of Engl., 1906, p. 95.) f 

§ For thorns as meeting places for Shepherds see N . S' Q., loS., IV. 
p. 236, and as Try sting places, Kemble’s Saxons in England, i. 75 note. 
Cp 52 , 53 - 

* At Nottingham and in some other towns the early borough courts were 
called Micheltorn (P. and M. Hist. Eng. Law 12 p. 657), presumably by 
analogy to the Sheriff’s Toum or Turn, but the spelling torn (as in Pembles- 
torna) is noticeable. May this have arisen from the fact of the Great Tourn 
having been held under a Thorn tree — the Michel or Big Thorn ? These 
borough courts appear also to have been known as bmwaremoies. {Ibid. 12 
p. 658). 

T Dr. Frazer records the existence of a stone table or platform at a place of 
meeting at Rouen. {Lectures on E. H. of Kingship, pp. 188-9). Similarly in 
Indian villages there usually is a small grove, or at least a spreading tree with a 
raised platform round it, which forms the common meeting place for the in- 
habitants. (B. H. Baden Powell, The Orig. and Growth of Vill. Communities in 
India. 1899, p. 9.) 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

The hundred and manor courts were commonly held in the open 
air at well known meeting places as in Germany and Scandinavia 
(Shore, pp. 175-6 and cf, 9 (Staplethorn)). * 

H. W. Underdown. 

196. Dumblane Sidelights on Sedgemoor. An Im- 
portant Contemporary Letter from the Royal Camp, — 
The interest which belongs to the hitherto unpublished letter 
from Peregrine Osborne, Lord Dumblane (or more strickly speak- 
ing Viscount Osborne of Dunblaine) to his father, Thomas 
Osborne, EarlDanby (so created June 27, 1674,) afterwards Mar- 
quis of Carmarthen (1689) and Duke of Leeds (1694,) is un- 
deniable, for the existing correspondence during the brief cam- 
paign which preceded the total rout of the “ King of Lyme’s ” 
forces on 6 July, 1685, is of the scantiest. The father had 
only emerged from the Tower in February, 1684, where he had 
been a prisoner ever since April, 1679. As a politician, the 
comely nobleman, eulogized by Pepys for his fine figure, was 
notorious for his shiftiness, and he found no difficulty in throw- 
ing in his lot with William III, and promptly deserting the 
sovereign for whom his son fought at Norton St. Philip and 
Sedgemoor. The writer of the letter became himself Duke 
of Leeds in 1712. At the age of sixteen he had been created by 
Charles II Viscount Osborne of Dunblaine, but the signature of 
the letter from Frome is clearly Dumblane. In after-life he held 
high rank both in the Army and Navy. He was Colonel of the 
ist Regt. of Marines in 1690, Colonel of Yorkshire Militia in 
1697, Vice Admiral of the Red in 1703 and Captain of the Royal 
Yacht in 1710. The present holder of the dukedom is his 
descendant. Lord “Dumblane’s” letter was sold at Christies’ 
last year, and has now been placed in the collection of portraits, 
broadsides, MSS and medals I have formed relating to the events 
of June — July, 1685, in the sister counties. 

Letter from Peregrine Osborne, Viscount Osborne of Dunblaine, 
Aide -de- Camp to Lord Feversham, Commanding the Royal Forces 
against the Duke of Monmouth, to his father Thomas Osborne, Earl 
Danby in Loridon. 

Ffrome, July ist. 85 

My Ld. 

Ever since that battle by Philipsnorton (w^ii- I am afraide I 
gave y^- Lords? butt a very imperfect account of) our Armie has 
been marching from Towne to Towne after the enemy, whome 
wee finde does avoid us all they can. Wee are now quarter’d att 
Froome w^ii has ever been a most factious Towne, & upon the 
rebells comeing to itt, they had gott a paper sett up in the 

* For an instance of a feudal assembly meeting under an ash tree see 
Pollock and Maitland Hist. Eng. Law, i^, 592. cf. 37-8, 42, 555-6. 




■..; 4 «i^" *<•; '-V .; 

v'xl '■ 





Seal of Barlinch Priory. 




Worthy and Independent 



Bm'ougli ot Taunton. 


Althou!'li the pleasant hour is at hand- when I shall find myself once more within your beautiful town, I avail myself of the 
first moment of repose, afforded by these quiet woods, to address you respecting those extraordinary transactions which have 
recently occuned, and which originated in our memorable Contest. 

It would grieve me much if a considerable body of intelligent men, a great {wrtion of whom have honored me with their 
confidence, shotild misconstrue the motives which influenced me in the conduct which 1 thought fit to pursue towards the leader 
of the Irish Catholics. I have no ambition to be considered either ferocious or vindictive, and I have no hesitation in saying that 
I considered the appeal to arms, as an issue which the last necessity can only justify. But there are cases in which it is justifiable : 
for as in the body politic, liberty sometimes is only preserved by a temptorary recourse to despotism, so also there are occasions 
wlicn the interests of benevolence and even of religion, may be best promoted by conduct, which, at the first glance, may seem to 
contravene the axioms of the moralist, and the precepts of our faith. 

'I'hat my conduct towards Mr. O'Connell may be properly comprehended, I have thought fit to republish his attack upon myself* 
and I do so because I feel it contains the best justification of that conduct, and because I am neither afraid nor ashamed of it; 
knowing that it is as false in statement, as it is malignant in expression, and almost demoniac in sentiment. 

I will not deny that when I first experienced this outrage, my only feeling was that of a determination to resent it. I am, 
I believe, of a mild and tolerant disposition, not too easily nettled, and quite ready to subscribe to a considerable latitude in the 
gladiatorial encounters between political opponents. But at ■ the same time I would sooner die than live disgraced ; and no one, 
with impunity, shall ever brand me as a “ liar" or stigmatise me as a “ miscreant.” 

“But believe me. Gentlemen, after a few moments’ refUo'don, I was influenced by a higher emotion than the merely selfish 
de.sire of vindicating my outraged lionor. I thought the tihrifl^ arrived when an effort should be made to restrain the ^xercises 
tliat terrible and irrt 'ponsible power, that reckless and remorsdess tyranny, with which the leader of the Irish Catholics has been 
too long in the habit of controlling society ; which insults with impunity individual feeling, violates the sanctity of private Ufe, 
destroys the jieace of families, and stimulates a spirit fatal to fee best interests of civilization. With these views I believed, that 
as a great good must sometimes be purchased with a small evil, so it would be better that myself or the sen of Mr. O’Connell 
.should fall, than that no effort should be made to resist a tyranny so outrageous and so degrading. 

'1 hese were the feelings that animated me. Gentlemen ; and as during our contest I fought the battle rather of my party than 
of myself, so in this more recent struggle I felt myself the champion rather of society, than of my own honor. 

If in tlie hot and hurried letters, in which I maintained this cause, I may have indulged in expressions which my calmer 
reason may disapprove, I am sure no candid and generous spirit, whatever may be his party, would scan with severity the words of 
one who had been subjected, vvithout the prospect of redress, to such unparalleled outrage. I am sure no candid and generous 
spirit hut must sympathize with me, who, young and alone, supported only by his own energies and the inspiration of a good cause, 
dared to encounter, in no inglorious struggle, the most powerful individual in the world who does not wear a Crown. 

Believe me. Gentlemen, 

Your obliged and devoted Servant, 

Bradenhatn, May I2th, 1835. 


From a speech delivered by Mr. O'Connell, at a meeting of the Dublin Franchise Association, May 2nd, 1835, 
as reported in the Courier Newspaper, May 6th, 1835. 

lated ? He is a living lie, and the British empire is degraded by tolerating 
a miscreant of hU abominable description. The language is harsh, I must 
confess but is no more than deserved ; and if 1 should apologize for using it| 
it is because I can find no harsher epithets in the English language by which 
to convey the utter abhorrence which I entertain for such a reptile. He is 
just fit, after being twice discardefi by the p<*ople, to become a Conservative. 
He possesses all the necessary requisites of perfidy, selfishness, and depravity, 
want of principle, &c.»* which would qualify him for the change. His name 
shows that he is of Jewish origin. I do not use it as a term of reproach ; there 
are many most respectable Jews ; but there are» as in every other people, some 
of the lowest and most disgusting grade of moral turpitude ; and of those I look 
upon Mr. Disraeli as the worst. He has ju.-t the qualities of the impenitent 
thief on the Cross ; and 1 venly believe, if Mr. Disraeli’s family herald were 
to be examined and hi'? genealogy traced, the same personage would be dis- 
covered to be heir-at-law of the exalted individual io*whom 1 allude^ I 
forgive Mr. Disraeli now; and as the descendant of the bla.-phemous robber 
who ended his career beside the founder of the Christian faith, 1 leave the 
gentlemen to the enjoyment of his infamous distiuction of family honors.” 

“ Yet I must confess that some of the attacks made upon me, particularly 
one by a Mr. Disraeli at Taunton, surprised me. Any thing so richly de- 
serving the appellation of superlative blackguardism, or at all equal to ihat 
in impudence and a.'^surance, I never before met with. TheannaUof ruffian- 
ism do not furnish anytiimg like it. He is an author I believe «if couple of 
novels, and that was ail 1 knew about him, until 1831 or 32, when he wrote 
to being about to stand for High Wycombe, requesting a lett^ of recom- 
mendation from me to tin- electora. He took the letter with bim^the place, 
got it printed and placaVded all over the place. The next i^^rd of him 
was his being a .candidnti- for Mary-Ic-bonc ; in riii.8 he was also ^isucccssful. 
He got tired of bung a Ua..fcul any longer after these two defeats, and was 
determined to try his chanre as a Tory. He stood the other day d Taunton, 
ami by way of recommending iiimself to the electors he calls mean incendiury 
ami a traitor. Now my aiiMVer to tliis piece of gratuitous impiTlinence Is, 
that lie is an egregious liar. lie is a li»r both in actions an I in words. 
VVhat! Mich a vile creature be tolerated in Euglano ? S =all the man 

bo received by any constituency who, after coming forward on two separate 
occasions a> the advocate of certain opinions, now boldly and ^unblushingly 
recants those principle.^ by which his political life bad been apparently regu- 



Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 297 

Markett place in v/ch they proclaim’d Munmouth to be thire true 
King, and the King to bee a traitor to his Country, and usurper 
of the Crowne ; butt since our coming to itt, they have had great 
reason to repent them of thire villany, for our Soldiers have 
pritty well plunder’d them, though contrary to thire officers 
comands. Wee have a certaine account that the Enemy is this 
day march’d from Wells towards Bridgewater, where wee do 
expect they will poste themselves & that Monmouth (whilst his 
Armie gives us battle) will stele privately away. Tomorrow 
morning our Generali do’s march in pursute of them, butt to 
what place, is not yet certainly knowne. Just after I writt my 
last letter to your Lo^p I was in a smale partie with Co^^^ 
Oglethorp, when wee mett w^h (something) a biger number of 
our enemys then wee were, but att our first fireing the all run 
excepting 3 w^h wee wounded so as they fell off of thire horses, 
and so were our prisoners, after this Oglethorpe gave me greater 
commendations to my Ld Ffeversham then I deserv’d, upon w^h 
my Ld tolde mee hee would have mee go no more upon parties, 
and so made mee his aid decamp, w^h now ties me continually to 
his Gerdle. I give y^ Lo^p my dutifull thanks for yr great kind- 
ness to mee, butt I do not doubt, but that the mony I receav’d 
from yr Lo^p att London will be sofitient, to last mee out this 
Campaine, though it last this month, if my being Aid de Camp 
do’s not kill one of my horses. I do assure y^ Lo^p I have not 
been any way’s extravigant, nor I would not have gone in parties, 
if itt had not been putt upon mee, but I am now tied from those 
things. I humbly desire yr Losp’s forgiveness for all my former 
faults, and humbly beg you to beleeve that all y^ future Comands 
shall be punctually obey’d, by 

Yr Loop’s most dutifull and obedient Son, 

’ Dumblane. 

A full account of the “ Philip’s Norton fight ” [Friday, June 
26, 1685] will be found in John Coad’s contemporary Memoran- 
dum (1688), pp. 4-5 first published in 1849. Coad was seriously 
wounded on that occasion, and was afterwards taken “ eastward 
to Frome.” Many particulars of the engagement are also given 
in Roberts’s Duke of Monmouth, Vol. II., pp. 17-21. The Duke’s 
head-quarters at the “ Old House,” Norton St. Philip, now the 
George Inn, may still be seen, the ancient building possessing many 
interesting and picturesque features. Roberts makes no mention 
of Lord Dunblane or Osborne in his book, but Major Oglethorpe 
is frequently alluded to {vide Vol. II., p. 74). He subsequently 
became Sir Theophilus Oglethorpe (Vol. II., p. 66). The writer 
thinks other letters of Lord Dunblane during the “ Three Weeks' 
War ” are in existence, and would be glad of any further inform- 
ation about them. 

The Knapp, Bradpole, 

August 21 i 1907. 

A. M. Broadley. 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

197. Somerset Notes, From Baskerville's Account 
OF Oxford.— The following notes, relating to Somerset, taken 
from Thomas Baskerville’s Account of Oxford, c. 1670-1700, 
printed in the Collectanea of the Oxford Historical Society, 1905, 
have been sent us by Rev. H. W. Mackey, of Downside Abbey. 

P, 195. “The Bishoprick of Bath and Well in former 
times was one of the best Bishoprickes in England, for but a 
feaw weeks since it being now 1684, walking into the old Alms- 
house of Wells to see it, in their Chappel, on the wall I found an 
Inscription which told me that Nicholas Bubwich was first Bishoo 
of London, 2 ly Bishop of Salisbury, 3 ly Bishop of Bath and 
Well, which Bishop the ffounder of this Alms house for six 
People and a Priest, was Treasurer to King Henry the 4 of 
England and died the 27 of October 1424 and is buried in the 
Cathedral, And I remember my brother Colonel Morgan who is 
now an inhabitant in that Citie has told me that 21 Mannours 
has been taken from that Bishoprick but because ye removall of 
Bishop Meaw to Winchester is the occasion of this discourse, 
giue me leave to speake a little to that ... I proceed to the 
names of my friends that have been & now are in St. John’s 
[College] . . . Mr. Stowel, the Lord Stowel’s eldest son of Ham 
in Summerset.” 

P. 204. “John ffrant, who in the time of Henry ye 8th 
was Master of the Rolls in Chancery gaue four fellowships for the 
Countys of Somerset, Dorset, Wilton, Devon,” to Oriel College. 

P. 208. A reference to St. Hugh of Lincoln having been 
Prior of “ Wittham in Somerset Shhier.” 

P. 217. “Gentlemen with whome I have had acquaintance 
sometime in this Colledge [Corpus Christi] were and are, Mr. 
Lanfyre a famous Preacher in Summerset Shire, often at ye 
Cathedrall of St Andrewes Wells, in Bishop Pierces time. He 
was a Minor Praebend of ye Church, viz. Vicar of Dinder, two 
miles from Wells. His son was also a fellow of this Coll : in my 
time & succeeded his father in ye same pleasant Preferments of 
Prebend and Viccar of Dinder, both dead . . . Mr. Coward, a 
Summerset man by birth, his Parents had means in Wells & an 
Estate at East Penard, 4 miles from W^’ormister in St. Cuthberts 
Parish, Wells, where I was borne. Mr. Coward, about 10 years 
since, was Parson of Kingston-Seamore in Summerset shier, to y® 
West ward of Bristol by ye Severn Sea. Some years before that 
account, the sea made a breach in a wall which kept out ye waves 
from overflowing these Moores, wch was so suddain that although 
ye wall be 2 miles from ye Church, on a Sunday when people 
were at Prayers in ye Church they forced to fly for fear of drown- 
ing. The summer after ye great frost I went to see some friends 
at Bledon by up hill 6 miles from Kingston Seamore, M^ Thomas 
Lyte my Kinsman (whose wife was my brothers daughter) being 
Parson there, sometime a Schollar at Trinity in Oxon. So by 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


their perswasion we went ouersea to St tfagons in Glamorgan 
shire, to see our old friend Rachboon, Parson there. So after 
a weeks hearty welcome, we had a ship to come back again, and 
this ship put us ashore by ye wall nigh Kingston Seamore, and 
this wall was then rebuilding at ye Chardge of Lord Digby, & 
many men were then at worke. The Lordship where ye wall 
stands did belong to another Gentleman, whose name I have 
forgot, but ye Charge of Repairation being too great for his 
Income, L^d Digby undertooke it with yt Lordship. But to 
returne, it was in August when we landed here, & my Lords 
Steward was civill & sent one of his work-men to guide us to an 
Inn in Kingston Seamore. But that which I am to speake to is 
this. With some adoe we got beds, for we were 4. But after I 
was abed I never but once before met with such Tormentors, and 
that was an Inn by Severnside at Purton Pass, where and here at 
Kingston Seamore the stings of fleas were so sharp as if so many 
needles had stuck in my flesh. This paine I did endure till 
towards day, when their bellyes being full there was a Cessation. 
Sure it should seeme, ye Sun and Aire from ye Severn Sea do 
make ffleas more venomous here than in other places.” 

198. Old Inn-Signs in Somerset & Dorset. — This 
list has been obtained by noting references to inns (generally 
isolated instances) in various documents at the Public Record 
Office or Somerset House. The result has not been very success- 
ful, and probably local records would prove to be a more 
productive source of supply. The date or dates placed after the 
name of each inn, being merely the year or the earliest and latest 
years mentioned in the documents referred to, must not be 
regarded as limiting the antiquity of any of the houses. Some 
are known to be much older than the dates here assigned to them, 
and many of course are still in existence. 

F. J. P. 

Ajfpiiddle. ‘The Four Bells,’ 1721. 

Axhridge. ‘ The Bear,’ 1640. 

Bath. ‘The Lower Swanne,’ 1640. 

Beaminster. ‘The White Hart,’ 1698-1728 ; ‘The White Horse,’ 
1733 ; ‘The Bull,’ 1733. 

Bedminster. ‘The Roebuck,’ about 1650. 

Bere Regis. ‘ The Kinges Armes,’ 1689 ; ‘The Crowne,’ 1690-1718; 

‘ The Crown,’ in Milborne Stileham, 1704. 

Blandford Forum. ‘The Greyhound,’ 1635-1729; ‘ The Bell,’ 1638. 
‘The Crowne,’ 1648-1716; ‘The George,’ 1683; ‘Ye 
Camell,’ 1693 1 ‘ The Red Lyon,’ 1690-1710. 

Bridport. ‘The Lion,’ 1638 ; ‘The Bull,’ 1645-1715 ; ‘The Grey- 
hound,’ 1664; ‘The George,’ 1655; ‘The Red Lyon,’ 1695- 
1717 ; ‘The White Horse,’ 1729. 

Broadwinsor. ‘ The George,’ 1688. 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 

Bruton. ‘ The Unicorne,’ 1677. 

BucUand Newton. ‘The Rose and Crowne,’ 1702 ; ‘ The Plume 
of Feathers,’ 1706. 

Castleton. ‘ The Feathers.’ 

Cerne Abbas. ‘The Greyhound,’ 1688-1725 ; ‘The Naggs Head,’ 
1 697-1708. 

Chard. ‘The George,’ 1688; ‘The Chough,’ 1708-1710; ‘The 
Crowne,’ 1714. 

Corfe Castle. ‘The Shipp,’ 1678. 

Corscombe. ' The Boot ’ in Benvill Lane, 1732. 

Cranborne. ‘The Sheaf of Arrows,’ 1634-1696; ‘The White 
Horse,’ about 1625. 

Crewkerne. ‘The Swane,’ 1635-1675: ‘The Green Dragon,’ 
1645-1671 ; ‘The George,’ (previously ‘The White Heart’) 
1691-1728 ; ‘ The Lambe,’ 1694 i ‘ The Bell,’ 1695. 

Dorchester. ‘ The George,’ 1613-1710 ; ‘ The Crowne,’ 1 630-1728; 
‘ The Shipp,’ 1 630 ; ‘ The Angell,’ 1639-1720 ; ‘ The Falcon,’ 
in Trinity parish, 1643 ; ‘ The Chequer,’ in All Saints parish, 
1643; ‘The Phoenix,’ 1654-1689; ‘The Antelope,’ 1658- 
1716; ‘ The Greyhound,’ 1678-1722; ‘The Queens Armes,’ 
1696-1713; ‘The Royal Oake,’ 1697; ‘The Plume of 
Feathers,’ 1703 ; ‘ The Kings Arms,’ 1735, [‘ The George ’ 

was destroyed in the fire of 1613 but afterwards rebuilt by 
IMatthew Chubb. In 1632 it is styled “ A great Inne.”] 

Evershot. ‘ The Kings Armes,’ 1650. 

Glastonbury. ‘The Crowme,’ 1656. 

Haselbury Bryan. ‘The Rose and Crowme,’ 1705. 

Henstridge. ‘The Duke of Marlborough on Horseback,’ ijiy] 
‘The Old Ash,’ 1736. 

Hinton St. George. ‘ The Queen Anne,’ 1727. 

Ilchester. ‘The Red Lion,’ 1633-1653. 

Ilminster. ‘ The George,’ 1701. 

Maiden Newton. ‘The White Horse,’ 1698 to 1701; ‘The 
George,’ 1706-1714. 

Mapowder. ‘The Queens Arms,’ 1714; ‘The Blackamore’s 
Head,’ 1715. 

Milborne Port. ‘ The White Lyon,’ 1703. 

Montacute. ‘ The Red Lyon,’ 1693. 

Norton St. Phillip. ‘ The George,’ 1625. 

North Petherton. ‘ The George,’ 1619. 

Piddletrenthide. ‘The Greene Draggon,’ 1700. 

Poole. ‘The George,’ 1682-1700; ‘The Plume of Feathers,’ in 
the High Street, 1684. 

Puddletown. ‘The Chequers,’ 1686; ‘The Kings Armes,’ 1707- 

Shaftesbury. ‘ The Angel,’ about 1560-1635; ‘The Star,’ 1608; 

‘ The Swan,’ about 1620; ‘The George,’ 1635-1729; ‘The 
White Heart,’ 1659; ‘The Black Dogg,’ 1677; ‘The 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries, 301 

Dolphin,’ on Gold Hill, 1698 ; ‘ The Red Lyon,’ 1698-1705 ; 

‘ The One Bell,’ 1703 ; ‘ The Three Swans,’ 1708. 

Shepton Mallett. ‘The Bell,’ 1638. 

Sherhorne. ‘The New Inn,’ about 1560-1724; ‘The George,’ 
1638-1682; ‘The Crowne,’ (previously ‘ The Tavern,’) 1657- 
1749; ‘TheGunne,’ 1669; ‘The Best,’ 1700; ‘The Bell,’ 
1707; ‘The Halfe Moone,’ 1708; ‘The Antelope,’ 1759. 
Somerton. ‘The Bear,’ 1585 ; ‘ The Three Cups,’ about 1650. 
South Petherton. ‘The Weaver’s Arms,’ 1703. 

Sparkford. ‘The George,’ 1706. 

Stalhridge. ‘ The Hinde,’ 1738. 

Stockwood. ‘The Bucks Head,’ 1738. 

Sturminster N&wton. ‘ The Kinges Arms, 1689 ; ‘The Five Bells,’ 
1706-1716 ; ‘ The Hand and Sword,’ 1716. 

Swyre, ‘ The Bull,’ 1712. 

Sydling. ‘ The Swan,’ 1701. 

Taunton. ‘The Three Widows,’ about 1650 ; ‘ The White Hart,’ 

Wareham. ‘The Angell,’ 1663; ‘ The Kinges Armes,’ 1691-1714; 

‘ The Antelope,’ 1700. 

Wells. ‘ The Catherine Wheel,’ 1628-1704 ; ‘The Crowne,’ 1624; 

‘ The Christofer,’ 1637 1 ‘ The Hare & Hounds,’ 1637 1 ‘ The 
White Horse,’ 1691-1709. 

Weymouth Melcombe Regis. ‘ The Checker,’ in the Hope, 
1639; ‘The Antelope,’ in Melcombe Regis, about 1650; 
‘The Kings Arms,’ 1688; ‘The Whiteheart,’ 1693; ‘The 
Beare,’ 1699; ‘The Crowne,’ 1707. [‘The Whiteheart,’ 
previous to the year 1693, had been “esteemed an antient 
well accustomed and creditable Inne.”] 

Wimhorne Minster. ‘ The George,’ 1664-1699; ‘The Kings 
Armes, 1681; ‘The Chequer,’ 1694; ‘The White Horse,’ 
1710 ; ‘ The New Inn,’ 1710. 

W incanton. ‘The Black Lion,’ 1640 ; ‘The Beare,’ 1713. 

Yeovil. ‘The Miremaide,’ in the High Street, 1629; ‘The 
Angell,’ 1634-1647; ‘The Kinges Head,’ 1687; ‘The 
Chough,’ 1689 ; ‘ The Beare,’ 1691 ; ‘ The Bell,’ 1701. 
Yeiminster. ‘ The White Hart,’ 1781. 

199. Pabenham Brass. (X. 241). — W. H. H. R.’s 

account of this Memorial is very interesting, but I would venture 
to question the correctness of his statement that Joan Daubeney, 
the second wife of Sir Lawrence Pabenham, was the daughter of, 
Sir Giles Daubeney, Sheriif of Bedfordshire and Bucks, who was 
born 1371, and died 1403. That this statement is made by 
almost all the authorities is true, and seems to be based on the 
fact that the aforesaid Sir Giles, whose Will was probated 1403, 
had a daughter named Joan,- to whom, with other children, he left 

302 Somerset & Dorset Notes 6* Queries. 

40 marcs each ; but a very little examination of the facts involved 
will convince anyone that such a statement cannot be substan- 
tiated. Sir Giles Daubeney, born 1371 ; returned as aged 15 in 
1386, (at the death of his father, Giles the 3rd, Baron by Writ,) 
could not have married before 1391 — when 20 years of age — and 
his first child, (supposing that Joan named in the Will was such, 
of which there is no indication,) might have been born 1392; 
this Joan then cannot be supposed to have married before 1409 — 
that is, when she was 17 years of age, but at this date Sir Law- 
rence Pabenham had been dead 10 years and more, as the 
Inquisitions phrase it. 

Now, to turn to Sir Lawrence Pabenham, his record is about 
as follows: — Born 1334, being aged ii in 1345, (Chancery Inq. 
19 Edw. Ill, Thomas his father). Married, ist, before 1367, 
Elizabeth Engaine, (26 years old in 1367, Inq. p.m.). Daughter 
Catherine born 1372, (aged 27 in 1399, Inq. p.m.). Wife En- 
gaine died 1377. Married, zndly, before 1384, Joan Daubeney, 
issue a son Lawrence, whom he enfeoffed with his wife, the 
mother of his son Lawrence, but which son died in infancy, circa 
1385. Daughter Eleanor born 1387, (aged 19 in 1407), married 
John de Tyrringham. Son John born 1389, aged 9 years in 1398, 
died 8 Hen. IV. Inq. p.m., n 61, 1407. 

Sir Lawrence Pabenham died Tuesday next before June iith, 
1398, Inq. 22 Ric. ii, aged 64. 

All this now fits in exactly, if we transfer the parentage of 
Joan one generation earlier, namely to Sir Giles, 3rd Baron, who 
died 1386; the son of Ralph (born 1294) 2nd Baron by Writ, 
by Alice daughter of William, son of Simon, ist Lord 
Montacute. The Will of this Sir Giles is not to be found, nor is 
the Inquisition. The only mention of his heirs is in the Will of 
his son Giles, ob. 1402, who names his brothers Thomas and 
Whlliam, and no others ; but that is no proof there were no 
daughters. There is no forcing of probabilities, in supposing 
that a daughter Joan was born between 1355 and 1365, when her 
father was between 30 and 40 years old. which would make her 
aged between 20 and 30 years at the possible date of her marriage, 
between 1377 and 1384. According to the Inquisition, she 
would appear to have died before 1407. 

Although Lipscomb, in his history of the County of Bucks, 
does not clear up this part of the genealogy of Pabenham very 
well, the foregoing will, at least, corroborate him in the following 
statement : — “ His second wife was the daughter of Sir Giles de 
Albini or Dawbenye, Kt., by Eleanor, daughter Sir Henry Mil- 
lington, Kt., which Giles was son of Ralph Dawbeny, by Joane, 
daughter Earl Barre.” 

Lipscomb is utterly wrong in that last sentence, “Joane, 
daughter Earl Barre,” but that’s another story. 

Bridgeport, Conn., U.S.A. Edward Deacon. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 303 

200. Leir Family. — The Editors are indebted to the Rev. 
L. R. M. Leir, Rector of Charlton Musgrove, for the following 
letter written by his great-great-great-grandfather, Thomas Leir, 
Rector of Ditcheat (1699-1730) to his brother William, who 
became Rector of Charlton Musgrove in 1713. 

Charlton Musgrove, July 24, 1695. 

Dear Brother, 

I got well home where I found all things in as good condition 
as I expected. Your Father is very sollicitous about your welfare 
and hopes that you’ll be so kind to yourself as to keep close to 
your study, both for ye improvement of your learning and to 
avoid the infection yt is so rife. You desired some money which 
he willingly sent you, not doubting but that you’ll shew your 
discretion in ye management of yt well — It being a leisure time 
with you, it would be an advantage to yourself and a Pleasure to 
your Father if you gave him a short sample of your abilities in a 
Latin Letter acquainting him how yr town stands as to ye small 
pox, and returning him thanks for his money w'^^ he has now so 
carefully sent you — You need not be tedious, but be sure be ac- 
curate both as to Latin and Points — Don’t forget to ply your 
Classicks closely in an afternoon : as for ye disposal of ye rest of 
your time you have my advice already w*=^ was designed for your 
good by 

Yr. Loving Brother 

Tho : Leir. 

Send me a letter in English how ye small pox is with you, 
and any other news worth knowing. 

These for M^- William Leir 

at his chambers in 

Wadham College, 


201. Funeral of Mrs. Creed. — The Editors are indebted 
to the Rev. L. R. M. Leir for the interesting account of the 
funeral expenses of Mrs. Creed, who kept a fish-shop in the 
Strand, and had amassed a considerable fortune. Her tomb is 
still to be seen in Charlton Musgrove Churchyard, and is in good 
order and the inscription legible. 

Register C.D. No. i. 1834 Folio 96. 

Charlotte Creed late of No. 238 Strand Temple Bar in the 
County of Middlesex Widow being of a sound mind, but feeling 
that she was about to die, declared in the presence of Mr. Cuff 
Sen*^- of The Hermitage, Richmond, Surrey and of Great Queen 
Street, Lincolns Inn Field, Tavern Keeper, that she would have 
the handsomest Coffin that could be made and be buried in the 
most splendid manner, with her late husband Harry Creed in 
Somersetshire, and desired 'he would mention the same to her 

304 Somerset Dorset Notes & Queries. 

Executors, which he accordingly did and they carried her inten- 
tions into effect which is the sole cause of the Funeral amount- 
ing to so large a sum. As witness our hands this 11^^ day of 
March one thousand eight hundred and thirty five. 

George Creed ) Executors under the will of 
John Wade j the late Charlotte Creed 

Funeral of the late Mrs. Charlotte Creed 
Performed by Bidin & Morrey 
To the order of George Creed Esqr. 

1834 March 6*^ 

A stout inner coffin with cushioned linings & 
ruffle of the finest Irish also a fine mattress & 
pillow to match & ornamented in full 
A very large winding sheet of the above mate- 
rial ornamented and containing 24 yds 
A strong lead coffin with plate of inscription & 
soldered compleat 
8 men taking in the above . . 

A stout outside coffin covered with rich silk vel- 
vet ornamented with the best brass furniture & 
massive handles in Oval compartments a large 
brass plate with engraved inscription and suit- 
able embellishments 

6 men taking in Do. & removing Corps to State 

A Rich velvet pall & plume of best feathers 
each 7 days Also laying in state the previous 
evening & 3 succeeding nights on the road 
A Hearse & Mourning coach with 4 horses each 

7 days 

Mourning coach with 4 Horses i day 
To best feathers & velvet coverings for the 
hearse & 12 horses & 3 velvet hammercloths 7 

3 Superiour Crape scarves & hatbands of same 
& kid Gloves Mourners, i Do. best silk & Do. 

4 Hoods and Scarves & kid gloves 6 best silk 
scarves hatbands & gloves to 2 Clergymen 
Medical attendant Undertaker & Mutes 3 best 
hatbands & gloves to 2 parish Clerks & Sexton 
The attendance of 2 Beadles in full dress with 
silk fittings and gloves 6 men as bearers &c 
forming procession from Richmond with full 
fittings Also wands, trunchions & velvet caps 

8 men hired at Wincanton with best silk fittings 
& gloves each, 9 mea performing the journey 
with full fittings, 2 Coachmen each 7 days i Do. 

9 10 o 
5 5 0 

910 o 
I 4 o 






16 2 o 

38 4 0 

Somerset Dorset Notes S* Queries. 


I day with cloaks & full fittings . . . . 46 i o 

Paid expences on the road Also Board, Beds, 
Turnpikes, Rooms for corpse 3 nights & 2 Men 
sitting up with Do. Fires & lights for same 
Also refreshments & expences incured at Win- 
canton for 9 extra Men & at Richmond for 8 
extra men & sundry incidentals .. .. 82 10 o 

The Sexton’s fee at Richmond for the bell and 

The burial fee at Charlton. 

The Clerk at Wincanton his fee for the bell & 

Paid the Nurse for necessary attendance 

Self attending funeral .. .. ii 13 o 

To Hire of sofa and portrage to and from . . 050 

;^322 6 o 

202. Seal of Barlinch Priory. — The Seal of Robert, 
Prior of Barlinch, of which we give an illustration, is attached to 
an original deed (No. 96) in the possession of the Dean and 
Chapter of Wells, to whom our best thanks are due for allowing 
it to be reproduced. The Deed is a Bond dated 1268 of Robert, 
Prior of Berliz, and the convent, to pay for the soul of Hugh de 
Romenal, late Treasurer of Wells, loos. yearly in the church of 
Wells at Easter and Michaelmas ; 50s. towards the maintenance of 
two chaplains, vicars of the church of Wells, to celebrate in the 
said cathedral church, and various other payments. It is given in 
full in the Calendar of the MSS. of the D. & C. of Wells {Hist. 
MS. Com., 1907, p. 106). “Romenal” is apparently another name 
for Romney Marsh, see Patent Rolls, Hen. vi. 1429-36, p. 23. 
The size of the original seal is 1 1 inches by i inch. It may 
be noted that no seal of Barlinch was known to Dugdale ; and it 
is quite possible that this is the only one in existence. The in- 
St. Nicholas is represented as a bishop ; the right hand raised in 
blessing, the left holding a pastoral staff. Above is a church ; 
below, the prior adoring the Saint. 

F. W. W. 

203. The Suttons, A Dorset Race of Scholars. (X. 
201). — It may interest the readers of S. D. N. df Q. to, 
know that I have identified Mary, wife of Rev. William Sutton, 
Vicar of Sturminster Marshall, as being the daugher of Richard 
Smith, of Abington. 

Although the Abington registers have not been searched, 
yet the copy of the Falsehood of the Chief Grounds, &>c., in the 


3o6 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

Bodleian Library, is dedicated by William Sutton, the younger, 
1635, to “My Uncle the worshipful Edward Smith.” This is 
evidently “ Uncle Edward Smythe,” of the Middle Temple, who 
died 23rd Dec., 1637. Richard Smyth, of the Obituary [Camden 
Soc., vol. 44), gives under 24th Oct., 1632, the death of “ Uncle 
Sutton,” and under Sept., 1637, that of “Aunt Sutton,” and thus 
the connection of the Smyths of Abington and the Suttons of 
Dorset is certain. The difficulty of settling what families the 
other Sutton brides came from is still a formidable one, and I 
should be glad of hints as to how to set about it. 

Alfred A. Mumford. 

Gable Nook, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, 

204. Stooded (X. 2ig, 25 1).— “ Stooded ” is not an un- 
common word in Dorset. I once heard an old farmer say at 
our County Council, speaking of the bad roads in Dorset, that 
“ One was either ‘ stooded ’ in the mud in winter or ‘ smitched ’ 
in the dust in summer.” 

J. M. B. 

205. Arms in Broadhembury Church, go. Devon (X. 
275). — The Arms are reversed, the ‘Baron’ being the ‘Femme,’ 
which is generally attributed to their being copied from a seal 
and not the impression; but in this case it may be, if they are 
painted, that it is a redaub, since the charge on the Williams’ 
coat is left out. The shield should be blazoned, “Argent three 
rams passant, 2 & i, sable,” Sydenham, impaling, “ Argent a 
greyhound courant in fess sable between three Cornish choughs 
proper within a bordure engrailed gules charged with crosses 
pattee or and bezants alternately,” Williams. For the pedigree 
see Collinson, III. 523 ; where Collinson calls him “the present 
St. Barbe Sydenham, Esq.” 

F. W. 

206. Arms in Southleigh Church, go. Devon (X. 
280). — The blazon of the ‘ Baron’ would be “ Sable on a pale or 
three roses slipt gules stalked and leaved vert,” Rose. The 
impaling requires a better pedigree of Rose, than I can find, to 
prove it; as ‘Barry of six ’ without tinctures is no guide. Again, 
this bears an escutcheon of pretence for an heiress ; on the face 
of it, this looks like the marriage of Rose with two wives, one of 
whom was an heiress. Who was the Rebecca who erected the 
monument on p. 279, as she styles herself “ only wife and second” 
to John Rose ? Does this mean that she is the heiress that 
married the “Barry of six” before remarrying John Rose.? If 
so, the “ Barry of six” would be her first husband’s coat, and she 
would bear the “ Gyronny of eight, four of the gyrons being 

Somerset ^ Dorset Notes & Queries. 307 

ermine,” the most common of which is Campbell ; but there are 
others, which the tincture of the other four gyrons alone would 
help to prove, though not so well as the register would. 

F. W. 

207. Abnormal Birth at Ile Brewers. — A corres- 
pondent, “ Mistletoe,” has forwarded the following digest of an 
old case, temp. Car. II. , relating to an abnormal birth at lie 
Brewers, Somerset. Does the Register there throw any further 
light upon it ? 

TERM. TRIN. 34 CAR. II. in Cancellaria. 

HERRING contra WALROUND. 3 July. 

Herring, Anno 1681, was delivered of two female children, 
they were baptized by the names of Aquila and Priscilla. The 
birth was monstrous, for they had two heads, four arms, four legs, 
and but one belly where their two bodies were conjoined. The 
birth was at Ilbrewers in the County of Somerset. Many people 
came daily to see them, and gave money to the parents ; the 
father was a poor Cottage Tenant to Mr. Walround, a Justice of 
the Peace, who and the father entered into Articles that Walround 
should have the custody of the children, and the benefit that was 
to be made by showing of them ; but was to pay the Plaintiff one 
eighth part of that benefit, and to maintain the Plaintiff, his Wife 
and children (for he had other children) so long as Aquila and 
Priscilla lived. The Bill complains that the Articles were gotten 
from the Plaintiff by surprise, being prepared, &c., but the con- 
trary was proved ; the children lived but a month, and then after 
the Bill being exhibited to be relieved against the Bond and 
Articles, and an account of the monies received by the Defendant 
for showing the children, which the Defendant had imbalmed, 
and caused to be still kept. The Chancellor much disliked the 
Plaintiff’s doings, decreed the Defendant to bury the children 
within a week, and to account for what he or his Agents had 
received, and full costs of the whole suit to the Plaintiff ; who 
(her husband the Plaintiff being dead) did revive the Bill. 

“ Mistletoe.” 

208. Another Monmouth Document. The Meditated 
Destruction of Keynsham Bridge. — Sir George White, Bart, 
of Gotham House, Bristol, purchased at the sale of the MSS. of 
the Earl of Cork, an historical document of special interest in 
relation to the “Three Weeks War” and the letter of Lord 
Dunblane, published in the current issue of S. S* D. N. Q, 
It runs thus: — 

Whitehall, June 21, 1685. 

My lord Duke , of Beaufort. The preservation of the Citty 
of Bristoll from the Rebells being a matter of Great importance, 

I have directed the Duke of Somerset to joyne with you with his 


Somevset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

Militia in the defense of that place, and being informed there is 
a Bridge at a place called Keinesham halfe way between Bathe 
and Bristoll 1 would have you by all means to endeavour to breake 
the same immediately upon the Receipt hereof which will in a 
great measure delay, if not hinder their passage that way. 

s<^ James R. 

This letter is now in Sir George White’s interesting 
collection of Bristol portraits, news and autographs. 

A. M. Broadley. 

2cg. Somerset J.P.s in 1685. — Justices of the Peace of 
the County of Somerset, sworn at the Michaelmas Quarter 
Sessions held at Bath in the first year of the reign of King 
James II. (6th October, 1685). 

“ Bath Primo Jacobi 2d. R’s 1685.” 

“The names of the Justices of Peace who have bin Sworne 
by Ph : Bennett Clerke of the peace by virtue of dedmus to him 
and others Joyntly and Severally directed from his pr’sent ma’tie 

Kmge James tne :5econa /inno i 
Maurice Viscount Fitz hardinge 
Francis Poulett Esqr 
Sr Edward Phillipps Knt 
Sr William Portman Knt of the 
Bath and Bart 
Sr Frances Warr Barro’tt 
Sr Halswell Tynt Barrt 
Sr John Smith Barronett 
George Horner Esqr 
Henry Bull Esqr 
Thomas Wyndham Esq 
Frances Luttrell Esqr 
Edward Berkeley Esqr 
Harry Bridges Esqr 
John Prowse Esqr 
Edward Gorges Esqr 
Joseph Langton Esqr 
John Sanford Esqr 
Richd Morgan Esqr 

[This list is copied from 
the Peace for the year 1685.] 

Nathaniel Pallmer Esqr 
Henry Walrond Esqr 
Richd Crosse Esqr. 

John Hunt Esqr 
William Helliar Esqr 
Stephen Tymewell Esqr 
Sr Thomas Bridges Knt 
John Harrington Esqr 
Willm Lacy Esqr 
Sir Willm Basset Knt 
Peter Roynon Esqr 
James Cade Esqr 
Ferrars Gresley Esqr 
George Clarke Esqr 
Ralph Bathurst deane of Wells 
John Baily Do^ of Lawes 
Thomas Holt Do^ of Divinity 
qui’bet eor’ Jur’. 

j entries made by the Clerk of 
A. J. Monday. 

210. Harvey Family. — George Harvey, of Hemsworth, 
in parish of Shapwick, Dorset, living in 1700 and 1726, had 
issue by Elizabeth, his wife, living c. 1700, two sons, (i) George, 
born c. 1700, died c. 1770, who married Jane Osmund, born c. 
1701, and had issue (a) John, died c. and (b) George, died 

c. 1777; (2) John, born c. 1704, and had issue William and 
Elizabeth, both born after 1747. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 309 

It is desired to carry this pedigree further back, and to bring 
it down to the present day. Any information which discussion 
in this magazine can produce will be gratefully welcomed. Dur- 
ing late years two members of the family married, one Homer of 
Hemsworth, the other Druitt of Wimborne. 


[If our correspondent will write to Herbert Druitt, Esq., 
Christchurch, Hants, he may receive some information. 

The Editors.] 

211. George Crabbe of Evershot, Frome St. Quintin 
AND Trowbrige. — A series of very interesting letters written by 
the Poet Crabbe, between 1815 and 1826, to Miss Elizabeth 
Charter is in existence. The larger portion of these is in my 
possession. Can any readers of 5 . &> D. N . S* Q. give me any 
information about the identity of this lady ? She resided between 
these dates at Bath (two addresses one of them 19, Milsom St.) ; 
Wilbury House, Amesbury ; Lymefield, Norton Cottage and other 
places in Taunton ; Norton Fitzwarren and Bishop’s Lydiard. In 
October, 1818, she was staying with Lady Mallet at Willoughly 
House, Wilts. The Charter correspondence has entirely escaped 
the notice of Crabbe’s biographers. 

A. M. Broadley. 

The Knapp, Bradpole, Bridport, Sept. 27, 1907. 

[Rev. Alexander Malet, Rector of Combe Flory, Somerset, 
and of Maiden Newton, Dorset, Prebendary of Gloucester and 
Wells, born in 1704 (father of the first Baronet of the name), 
married Anne, daughter of the Rev. Laurence St. Lo, Rector of 
Pulham, Dorset, and had issue, with others, a daughter, Elizabeth, 
married to Thomas Charter, Esq., of Bishop’s Lydiard. The lady 
enquired for by our correspondent is, no doubt the daughter 
of the Thomas Charter, just named. Will any of our readers 
supply the date of Miss Charter’s birth, possible marriage and 
death, and further particulars regarding her family ? 

Dorset Editor.] 

212. Swinnerton-Dyer Family. By E. H. Martin 

In an article printed in Somerset and Dorset Notes and Queries, 
Vol.X, pp. 97 and 145, I gave an account of “Dyer of Somerset.” 

I will now continue the history of this family. 

George Dyer, second son of George Dyer, of Bratton Sey- - 
mour, Somerset, as by the pedigree of 1854 in the possession of 
Sir John Swinnerton-Dyer, Bart., carries on the line. He was 
baptized at Boyton, Wilts, 24 October, 1 596. and twice married, — 
first, Sara, daughter of William Rolfe, of Enford, Wilts. “ On 
the 30 daye of October, i6ifi, appeared George Dyer, of Shering- 

310 Somerset S> Dorset Notes Queries, 

ton, in the county of Wilts, yeoman, and alleged that there was 
a marriage concluded betwixt him and Sara Rolfe, of Steple 
Langford, Spinster ; that his father and mother are living ; and 
that they have and doe give their full consent to the same ; and 
that her, the said Sara’s mother is living and doth also consent 
here-unto ; and that there is not to his knowledge, or as he 
believeth, any cause, call, impedement, either in respect of con- 
sanguinity, affinity, former contract, or suit depending, but that 
he and she, the said Sara, may lawfully marry together.” (Sarum 
Mar. Alleg.) This licence shows that the parties were underage 
at the time of their marriage. 

William Rolfe, of Enford, married Sara, daughter of John 
Blake, ofEstontown, Hants, who married his cousin, Margaret 
Blake, and had issue William Rolfe who died in 1646, having 
married Sarah Deane, and Sara Rolfe, who married George Dyer. 
Sara Rolfe (the mother), was married, secondly, to John Gerle, 
of Enford, who came from a well-known Hampshire family. 
He was one of the witnesses to George Dyer’s marriage. 

The will of John Gerle, of Long street in the parish of Enford, 
gentleman, is dated 26 Sept., 1632, and was proved 13 Feb., 
1633-4 (P.C.C. 20 Seager). 

He mentions his niece, Mary Dycke, ;^5o, his sons, Alexander 
and Thomas, £^o, son-in-law (stepson) William Rolfe, Esq., and 
William Tipper, of Seene (Seend) : Witnesses, Henry Colepepper 
and others. 

The complaint of Mary Dyke, of Chizenbury, Wilts, dated 
14 June, 14 Car. I, states that John Gerle, late of Long street in 
the parish of Enford, gentleman, became on the 10 March, 
6 Car. I, bound to the complainant for the payment of at his 
decease, but in his will only ;^5o were left her. He appointed 
Alexander Gerle, his son, executor. His estate was valued at 
;^2000 and more. The complainant sued Alexander Gerle in 
1637, and obtained judgment against him, but in order to avoid 
payment he conveyed his estates to Robert Blake, of Estontown, 
Hants, gentleman, and George Dyer, of Heytesbury, Wilts, 
gentleman, in trust for his children. 

George Dyer and Robert Blake deny the facts of the com- 
plainant’s case except regarding the legacy, saying the estate was 
not sufficient to satisfy the claims on it. Alexander Gerle married 
Katherine Kent, of Devizes. 

William Rolfe .states that John Gerle was uncle of Mary Dycke. 
{Chanc. Proc. : B. &> A., Car. I, D. 47, 63.) 

On Nov. 28, 1645, William Blake, citizen and vintner of 
London, complainant, William Dyer, of London, gentleman, and 
.... Cross and Sarah, his wife, otherwise Sarah Blake, executors 
to the will of Thomas Gerle, gentleman, (dated 27 Mar., 1643,) 
who bequeathed his estate to his cousin William Dyer, his cousin 
William Blake, his cousin Sarah Blake, and John Walker, and 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 31 1 

they to be executors. Proved 2 May, 1643 (P.C.C. 35 Crane). 

Saunder (Alexander) Gerle was elder brother of the testator, 
and was seized for life of messuages and lands in Long street, of 
value of ;^i6o per annum, subject to the payment of ;^25 per 
annum to the testator. Saunder (Alexander) Gerle desired to 
raise money on the estate, but finding himself unable, asked his 
brother, Thomas Gerle, to take a sum down for his interest, and 
join in a conveyance. This Thomas Gerle did for £2,00. 

The estate was sold for ;^20oo and was paid to George 
Dyer, of Heytesbury, the testator’s brother-in-law. 

A claim is made by William Blake, in which William Dyer 
and Sarah Blake, otherwise Cross, join. They charge the defend- 
ants with misappropriating the ;^3oo, and ;^8oo left in their hands 
by Alexander Gerle to secure Thomas Gerle against certain 

George Dyer states that before the exhibition of the bill of 
complaint, William Dyer, of Clifford’s Inn, gentleman, executor 
of Thomas Gerle, gave him a deed of release by the name of 
George Dyer, of Heytesbury, gentleman. {Chanc. Proc. B. A., 
Car. I. B. 25-65. See Swinnerton Dyer Baronets, by M. W. Bullen.) 

In a Chancery Proceeding, 13 Feb., 1634, Culpeper contra 
Rolfe, it is stated with reference to Sarah Gerle, late of Enford, 
now deceased, then wife of John Gerle, that Sara Rolfe was a 
widow and mother of William Rolfe, and that she had married 
John Gerle, and died before 1635, and that she possessed con- 
siderable means. 

Harl: Rolls X 3. Court of Alexander Culpepper 27 March, 
37 Elizabeth 1595. William Carter surrendered land, etc., late in 
the tenure of Richard Rolfe, and a moiety of a virgate of land, 
late in tenure of Thomas Dyer. 

Harl: Charters W 33, Enford Court Rolls 1599. Came 
Thomas Dyer and received out of the Lord’s hand by steward one 
virgate of land, late of Thomas Harding, senior, to hold the land to 
the said Thomas Dyer and Thomas Hardinge, senior and junior. 
Then came John Gerle. — A granary and 2 virgates of land in 
Fifield, late in tenure of John Gerle, his father, to hold to the 
said John Gerle and Marmaduke Gerle, his brother. 

Harl: Rolls X 3. 31 May, 1604. Among the jurors are John 
Gerle and John Rolfe. Came Alice Hardinge, widow, relict of 
Thomas Hardinge, senior, who held a messuage and land during 
widowhood. She has now married. And then came Thomas 
Dyer and showed a copy of Court Roll, 18 Ap., 41 Eliz., granting 
to Thomas Hardinge, senior, Thomas Dyer and Thomas Hard- 
inge for life. 

Close Rolls 23 June, 1656. Between William Dyer, of 
Clifford’s Inn, and George Dyer the elder, of Heytesbury, and 
George Dyer the younger, of Heytesbury, concerning the messuage 
in Heytesbury, two cottages and other houses, etc., to George Dyer, 

312 Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries, 

of Heytesbury, the younger, for him and his heirs, and William 
Dyer came before Oliver, Lord Protector, and acknowledged 
the trust of the same. 

William Dyer and Thomas Dyer are probably brothers of 
George Dyer, the elder, of Heytesbury. In 1642 a William Dyer 
was living at Sherington. And William Dyer, of Clifford’s Inn, 
was living 1645, 1666. 

George Dyer, the elder, of Heytesbury, was churchwarden 
there, 1619-20, and in 1638 and 1640 (Dean of Sarum’s Visitation 
Book) and is mentioned in the Falstone Day Book, 1646, as being 
“ A steady friend of Parliament.” 

He again occurs in a Chancery Proceeding 27 May, 1661, as 
administrator of the goods of John Richards alias Combs, late of 
Codford St. Peter, Wilts. George Dyer found the debts far ex- 
ceeded the goods. 

He is also mentioned in the renunciation of administration 
of Marian Richards Combes, widow of John Richards alias 
Combes, of Codford St. Peter, Wilts, dated iith and 12th Jan., 
1647. He is described as a kinsman, and his signature and that 
of George Mervin appear on the deed.f 

George Dyer, of Heytesbury, had issue by Sarah, nh Rolfe, 
his first wife, four children, viz. : I. George Dyer, II. Sir 
William Dyer, Bart., III. Sir John Dyer, Knt., and IV. Sarah 

I. George Dyer, of Heytesbury, is mentioned in Close 
Rolls 23 June, 1656, as George Dyer the younger. He married 

Editha He was Constable at Heytesbury in 1660 and 

was dead in 1661. 

Editha Dyer, his widow, is mentioned in the Heytesbury 
Court Rolls, 16 Oct., 1660, which state that Editha Dyer has 
been pasturing horses, contrary to the order of the Court. 

12 Oct., 1661, came Editha Dyer, widow, who held for life 
by copy of Court Roll dated 12 Oct., 17 Car. I, one cottage, and 
granary with curtilage, and half an acre of meadow in South meads, 
and 28 acres of land in Heytesbury, and common of pasture for 60 
sheep. This was to be held by the said Editha Dyer and John and 

* In 1563 there is a John Richards alias Dyer, of Tewkesbury. 

t The will of Robert Kelway (g Darcy) 6 July, 1680, mentions Thomas 
South, of SwallowclifFe, Wilts, his nephew. His servant Thomas Richards 
& Margaret, his now wife, & their son, his godson, Robert Richards. Anne 
South, his daughter, wife of Sir James Harrington, Knt 

In my former article, Laurence Dyer, of Wincanton, is stated to have 
manied Jane, daughter of Thomas South, of Swallowcliffe ; and Catherine 
Doyley, co-heiress of John Doyley, of Merton, was married to Sir William 
Dyer, Knt., grandson of Laurence Dyer. Margaret Doyley, sister and co- 
heiress of Catherine Dyer, was married to Sir John Harrington, Knt., and to 
make family relationship more complicated, Anne Doyley {nee Bernard) the 
mother of these two sisters, was married, as his second ^\ife, to Sir John Har- 
rington, Knt., father of Sir John, who married Margaret Doyley. 


Somevset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 313 

George Dyer, sons of the said Editha Dyer, for life, and by the 
survivor, paying annually 15/4. To her the steward granted 
seizin by the rod, and Editha Dyer paid the fine of 

17 Ap., 1666, John Blake owes suit, one acre of land of 
William Dyer, gentleman, on the north, and an acre of Editha 
Dyer on the south, and an acre of Editha Dyer called “ le Head ” 
on the east. 

5 Ap., 1675, East Tithing; John Dyer decenarius (Tithing- 
man). . Editha Dyer, widow, died since last Court. John Dyer 
her son is admitted as next tenant to the premises. 

Oct., 1721. The Lord had granted to Editha Dyer, widow, 
one cottage, granary with curtilage, and half an acre of land in 
South mead, and 28 acres of arable land in the fields of Heytes- 
bury, and pasturage for 60 sheep with appurtenances, — to Editha 
Dyer and to her sons, John and George Dyer successively. Editha 
Dyer and John Dyer are dead. 

Editha Dyer was buried at Heytesbury 9 Jan., 1674-5. Her 
will is dated 6 Jan., 1674-5, and was proved at Heytesbury 28 
Sept., 1675, by George Dyer, her son, to whom she leaves her 

George Dyer had issue by Editha, his wife, two sons i. John 
Dyer and ii. George Dyer. 

I. John Dyer, of Heytesbury. In the Court Rolls of 
Heytesbury, 5 Ap., 1675, John Dyer is mentioned as son of 
Editha Dyer. 

II Oct., 1680, John Dyer died since last Court and was 
seized of a cottage, and granary with curtilage, and 28 acres of 
meadow, and 8 acres of land, and common of pasture for 60 
sheep, and that George Dyer is his brother and next heir. 

From the registers of Heytesbury we find the name of his 

wife and children. He married Alice and he was buried 

at Heytesbury 12 Aug., 1680, and his widow 4 Jan., 1687-8. 
He left issue i. Jonathan Dyer. ii. Joseph Dyer. iii. Benja- 
min Dyer. iv. Elizabeth Dyer. v. Alice Dyer. vi. Martha 

i. Jonathan Dyer, baptized at Heytesbury 3 Jan., 1670-1. 
He is not mentioned in the Heytesbury Court Rolls. 

ii. Joseph Dyer, of Heytesbury, baptized at Heytesbury, 
8 Feb., 1671-2. 

iii. Benjamin Dyer, baptized at Heytesbury 2 [o] Dec., 
1674. On 20 Ap., 1709, he took office as Constable (Heytesbury 
Court Rolls). He married Susannah . . . , and the Heytesbury 
Transcripts give : — 

169-I. Dec. 18. Hester, daughter of Benjamin Dyer, 

1709. Nov. 10. Anne, daughter of Benjamin Dyer and 
Susannah his wife, baptised. 

iv. Elizabeth Dyer, baptized at Heytesbury i June, 1673, 

314 Somevsct &> Dorset Notes &> Queries, 

probably married to her cousin John Dyer in 1697. 

V. Alice Dyer, baptized at Heytesbury 3 Dec., 1675, 
buried there 29 Aug., 1682. 

vi. Martha Dyer, baptized at Heytesbury 8 Nov., 1677, 
(Heytesbury Transcripts) buried there 27 August, 1679. The 
Registers give the date 2 Aug., i6Jf. 

II. George Dyer, 2nd son of George Dyer and Editha. 
In the Heytesbury Court Rolls 6 Ap., 1668, he is mentioned 
under Boyton and Gorton, and again on 20 Oct., 1671. On the 
16 Ap., 1677, came George Dyer who took in full Court by the 
hands of the seneschal by the rod, according to the custom of the 
manor, one granary with appurtenances, curtilage and garden, 
late parcel of the tenement of Augustine Dowdell, called one of 
the 15 holds, to be held by George Dyer, and John and William, 
his sons, to the end of their lives and of the longest liver of them, 
but Augustine Dowdell, and Augustus and Jasper, his sons, to 
have free ingress and egress. In 1684 he was Constable. In 
1688 and 1692 he was elected Juror. In 1707 he was Constable 
at Heytesbury. He married Sarah .... and had issue, i. George 
Dyer. ii. John Dyer. iii. William Dyer. iv. Elizeus Dyer. 
V. Matthew Dyer. vi. Sarah Dyer. vii. Jane Dyer. 

i. George Dyer was baptised at Heytesbury 25 Jan., 
i66f ; as he is not mentioned in the Heytesbury Court Rolls with 
his two brothers, we may conclude that he was dead before 

ii. John Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury, 30 Nov., 1670. 
He married at Heytesbury (Transcripts) 6 Ap., 1697., Elizabeth 
Dyer, his cousin, and had issue. 

A. John Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury 2 Dec., 1701. 

B. Jonathan Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury 13 June, 1707 ; 
married there 18 Sept., 1733, Elizabeth Winsor and had issue 

a. William Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury, 25 Sept., 1735. 

b. Jonathan Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury (Transcripts) 
16 Aug., 1737. 

iii. William Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury 26 Nov., 1673-4. 
The Heytesbury Transcripts give Ap. 13, 1716. Ann, daughter of 
William and Elizabeth Dyer, baptised. He was buried at Hey- 
tesbury 12 July, 1738. 

iv. Elizeus Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury 18 June, 1677; 
buried there 21 Jan., i6g|. 

V. Matthew Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury, i Nov.. 1680. 
He apparently married Mary . . ., for in the Heytesbury Tran- 
scripts are given the names of his children : 

1707, Aug. 23. Mary, daughter of Matthew and Mary Dyer, 


1708, Mar. 22. Sarah, daughter of Matthew and Mary Dyer, 


1710-11, March 10. George, son of Matthew and Mary Dyer, 
baptised ; buried 7 Ap., 1717. 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 315 

1729, Oct. 15. Alice, daughter of Matthew Dyer, baptised. 

1733-4, Feb. 27. William, son of Matthew and Mary Dyer, 

1736, Nov. 28. Matthew, son of Matthew and Mary Dyer, 

1739, May 14. Richard, son of Matthew and Mary Dyer, 

Owing to the gap of some years between 171 1 and 1727, it is 
probable that the last four children belong to another branch, 
although I have failed to find a Matthew and Mary Dyer, to 
whom they could be related. 

vi. Sarah Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury, 10 Dec., 1672. 

vii. Jane Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury [blank] 1683. 

III. Sir John Dyer, Knt., 3rd son of George Dyer the 
elder of Heytesbury, baptised there 12 Oct., 1623, married and 
had issue Swinnerton Dyer, bapt., at St. Mary Aldermanbury, 
London, 26 Ap., 1686. Bur. there 19 Ap., 1687. 

IV. Sara Dyer, daughter of George Dyer the elder of Hey- 
tesbury, baptised at Heytesbury 19 Ap., 1626. 

Sara Dyer, nee Rolfe, (see ante page 309) died 23 July, 1630, 
and was buried at Heytesbury, and George Dyer, the elder, of 
Heytesbury, married, secondly ,Consi2ince, daughter of William Mer- 
vin. Rector of Boyton, Wilts. In the Vistation Book of the Dean 
of Sarum, 1628, it is stated that on 19 November, 1632, appeared 
personally George Dyer, of Heytesbury, in the county of Wilts 
and peculiar jurisdiction of Mr. Deane of Sarum, — gentleman, a 
widower, and humbly craveth licence to marry with Constance 
Mervin, daughter of William Mervin, of Boyton, in the county of 
Wilts and Diocese of Sarum, clerk, aged 26 or thereabouts, and 
alleged that to his knowledge there is no canonical impediment 
by reason of consanguinity, affinity, former contract, or otherwise, 
but that they may lawfully marry, and her father hath assented. 

To be married in the Church of Heytesbury, or Chapel of 

George Dyer, (the elder,) of Heytesbury, and Constance, the 
daughter of Mr. William Mervin, of Boyton, were married in ye 
church by vertue of a licence from Mr. Deane of Sarum, 27 day of 
Nov., 1 632. (Knooke Transcripts). Wilts Incumbents, by Sir Thomas 
Phillipps, gives William Mervin as instituted Rector of Boyton, 
1609, and Rector of Fonthill Gifford 1611, Patron, Sir James 
Mervin, Knt. He was the son of John Mervin, of Pertwood, 
Wilts, and Melior his wife, daughter of Robert Goldesborough, 
of Knoyle, Wilts. He is mentioned in the wills of his father 
John Mervin, 1583, and his brothers Christopher Mervin, 1590, 
Ambrose Mervin, 1639, John Mervin, 1599. George Mervin, 
another brother, signed the renunciation of Marian Richards 
alias Combes, together with George Dyer of Heytesbury (see 
ante, p. 312). The Visitation Book of the Dean of Sarum gives 


Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries, 

George Dyer, of Heytesbury, Churchwarden 1638 and 1640. 
The will of George Dyer, the elder, of Heytesbury, is dated 13 
Oct., 1661. He leaves all his estate to his wife, Constance, as 
his children by his first wife were well provided for under their 
mother’s will. Constance Dyer, was buried at Heytesbury, 3 
July, 1666. 

I have not been able to find the wills of Sarah Dyer or 
Constance Dyer. 

George Dyer had issue by Constance, (nee Mervin,) five chil- 
dren, viz., V. Ralph Dyer, VI. Richard Dyer, VII. Matthew 
Dyer, VIII. William Dyer, IX. Margaret Dyer. 

V. Ralph Dyer, eldest son of George Dyer the elder and 
Constance Dyer, baptized at Heytesbury 29 Oct., 1634. He is 
mentioned in a Court at Heytesbury 14 Ap., 1662, and on 19 Ap., 
1692, and as Constable in the Court Rolls i6 Ap., 13 Car. II, and 
on 25 Oct., Car. II, as a tenant. He married, but his wife’s name 
is not recorded. He had issue 

I. Ralph Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury, 26 June, 1666. 

II. Elnor Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury, 20 July, 1662. 

III. Margaret Dyer, baptised at Heytesbury, 4 July, 1 664. 

VI. Richard Dyer, 2nd son, baptised at Heytesbury 26 
Sept., 1634. 

24 Ap., 1662, he was present at a Court held in Heytesbury. 

19 Oct., 1664, he was Constable and the same in 1665. 

6 Ap., 1668, he took oath as Constable for Boyton and 

In Courts held at Heytesbury 16 Ap., and 25 Oct., 13 Car. 
II, Richard Dyer owes suit, and was a tenant at Heytesbury. 
He married ii Feb., 1666, at Heytesbury Sarah Symeus, and 
had issue Henretta Dyer, baptised there 24 July, 1670. 

He was buried at Heytesbury 3 Aug., 1672, and his widow 
was buried 4 Jan., 1687-8. 

VH. Matthew Dyer, 3rd son, baptised at Heytesbury 
10 Ap., 1638. He is mentioned 14 Ap., 1662, as living at 
Heytesbury. In the Court Rolls, 16 Ap., 13 Car., he appears 
amongst the inhabitants doing suit to the Court. 

VIII. William Dyer. I have not been able to find the 
date of his baptism, and it is curious that he should be called by 
the same name as his elder half brother. The first mention I have 
of him is in the will of Sir William Dyer, Baronet, 1680. “To 
my brother, William Dyer, ;^io.” In the will of his nephew. Sir 
John SwinnertonDyer,Baronet,i690, occurs “To my uncle William 
Dyer and his wife £10 3. piece to buy them mourning.” And in 
a Chancery Proceeding, 1680, another reference is found, under 
William Dyer, of Newnham. — In the Chancery Proceedings, 
12 Nov., 1683, Dame Thomasine Dyer, of Tottenham, states that 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


William Dyer, of Gt. Dunmow, uncle of Sir John Swinnerton 
Dyer, Baronet, and who was in possession of the estate of Newton 
Hall at the time of Joane Swinnerton’s decease in July, 1 677, con- 
tinues to manage the estate for Sir John Swinnerton Dyer. 

He was buried 16 Jan., 1708, at Gt. Dunmow, Essex, as 
“ Mr. William Dyer uncle to ye Lady Dyer of Newton Hall.” 
His will is dated 9 May, 1702 (288 Sanney) and he is described 
as of Gt. Dunmow. “ To Mary, my loving wife, all my messuages, 
lands and all my goods and chattells,” proved 4 Ap., 1709. 
Apparently he left no issue. 

IX. Margaret Dyer, daughter of George and Constance 
Dyer, was baptised at Heytesbury 16 Oct., 1633. Among the 
marriage licence allegations, Salisbury, 22 Jan., 1666, is that of 
John Brownjohn, of Heytesbury, and Margaret Dyer, of Heytes- 
bury, spinister, married with the consent of her parents. The 
Margaret above named was however of full age, and both her 
parents were dead. 

The following entries must belong to the family but I am 
unable to place them. 

Mere Registers. 

1722-3. Jan. 27, Alexander Peny and Jane Dyer, of Heytesbury, 

1725. May 3, George Dyer and Ruth Couch, both of Heytesbury. 
Heytesbury Transcripts. 

i69f. Jan. 31, James Dyer and Ann Dyett married. 

1715. Dec. 15, Robert Dyer and Elinor ffarley married. 

1720-1. (no date) John Harris and Dorcas Dyer married. 

1730. Oct. II, Betty, daughter of George and Jane Dyer, 

i73f. Jan. 28, William Dyer and Jean Good married. 

1736. May 17, Sarah, daughter of William Dyer, baptised. 

1737. Nov. 17, Betty, daughter of Simon and Mary Dyer, 

1738. Dec. 27, Anthony, son of Anthony and Hannah Dyer, 

1740. Oct. 20, William Dyer and Elizabeth Attwell, married. 
1740. Nov. 16, Mary, daughter of William and Elizabeth Dyer, 

1740. Dec. 16, Martha, daughter of Benjamin and Susannah 
Dyer, baptised. 

1751. Nov. 16, James Dyer of Heytesbury and Sarah B (ic) of 
North Bavent, married. 

1755. Feb. 2, William, son of James and Eleanor Dyer, baptised. 

II. Sir William Dyer, Baronet, 2nd son of George Dyer, 
the elder, of Heytesbury, and Sarah, nee Rolfe, his wife, was bap- 
tised there 15 Ap., 1621. He is mentioned as having a good 
paternal estate. He was of,the Inner Temple, London, and a 

3i8 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

learned and religious man, and in the will of William Rolfe, of 
the Inner Temple, 7 May, 1646, is termed “ My cousin, William 
Dyer,” and receives a legacy of ;^5oo. 

In a Close Roll, i May, 1654, he is mentioned as buying the 
Manor of Garnetts and Marks in High Easton, High Rooding 
and Much Dunmow, Essex, for ;^35oo. He settled at Tottenham, 
CO. Middlesex, for (in Chanc. Proc. Whittington 157, 26 Nov., 
1669), he is described as of Tottenham, and possessing certain 
lands and tenements in the parish of St. Mary the Virgin, Alder- 
manbury, which tenements were all burnt down in the Dreadful 
Fire of September, 1666. He bought the site for £'}oo. It is 
mentioned in the Close Rolls, 22 Car. II, 3 Dec., 1669, that 
Roger Lukin is indebted to William Dyer and Joane Swinnerton, 
of Tottenham, widow, for £200. 

Close Rolls, 24 Feb., 1652. He administered the goods of 
Dame Thomasine Swinnerton, widow, and purchased the Lord- 
ship of Marshland, co. York. 

Close Rolls, 6 Oct., 1652. He bought the lease ofTrots- 
cliffe, called East Park, co. Kent, for ;ifioo. 

Close Rolls, 1646. He bought the Manor of Telscombe, 
217 acres, in Sussex, for £1^00. In 1650 he bought the Manor 
of Teddington, Worcester, for ;^i 174 12 4. 

He was also Lord of the Manors of Tottenham, Middlesex, 
Newnham, Herts, Newton Hall, Great Dunmow, Essex, and 
Dudleston, co. Salop. 

He married, in 1 650, Thomasine Swinnerton, who is described 
as being a religious and charitable woman. She was the only 
daughter and heiress of Thomas Swinnerton, of Stanway Hall, 
Essex. Her father was baptized at Aldermanbury, 26 Jan., 1599- 
1600, and married Johane, daughter of Thomas Symonds, of 
London. He died in 1627, and she died July, 1677, and her will 
(8 Reeve) was proved by her daughter. They are both buried in 
the Swinnerton Vault, Aldermanbury. 

He was son and heir of Sir John Swinnerton, born 1566, by 
Thomasine, daughter of Richard Buckfold, of London. He was 
married at St. Mary Aldermanbury, 22 July, 1585. 

Sir John Swinnerton’s will is dated 7 Dec., 1616, proved 13 
Dec., 1616 (125 Cope). He was buried 10 Dec., 1616, in the 
Swinnerton Vault, Aldermanbury. 

Lady Swinnerton died at Tottenham, 9 August, and was 
buried 29 August in the Swinnerton Vault, Aldermanbury. Her 
will is dated 25 Aug., 1631, and proved 6 Nov., 1657 (^^3 Pem- 

Sir John Swinnerton was son of John Swinnerton, of Swin- 
nerton and Dudleston, co. Salop, and both he and his son belonged 
to the Merchant Taylors Company. He .married Mary Fawte, 
who was born at Lexden, Essex. He died in London, and is 
buried in the Swinnerton Vault, Aldermanbury. The registers 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 319 

state — 1608, Oct. 24, Mr. John Swinnerton, the father of Sir John 
Swinnerton, Knight and Alderman, buried. 

This family was derived from the Swinnertons of Swinnerton, 
CO. Stafford, of whom was Alen de Swynnerton, Lord of the 
Manor in 1086. 

In 1552 this Manor was conveyed by the marriage of Eliza- 
beth Swinnerton, a co-heiress, into the family of Fitzherbert, of 
Norbury. She was ancestress of Thomas Fitzherbert, ofNorbury 
and Swynnerton, who was born 30 Aug., 1746, and married in 
1778 Mary Anne, youngest daughter of Walter Smythe, of Bram- 
bridge, Hants, and niece of Sir Edward Smythe, of Acton Burnell, 
CO. Salop, who was the celebrated Mrs. Fitzherbert, wife of 
George IV. 

Thomasine Swinnerton was baptized at St. Bartholomew the 
Less, 5 Jan., 1623-4. On her marriage in 1650 she had a fortune 
of ;^3o,ooo. 

Sir William Dyer was created a Baronet 6 July, 1678. 

He is mentioned in Close Rolls, 20 Car. II, 18 Jan., 1678, 
as purchasing a messuage and close in Shepreth from John 
Ingrey for £^o. 

He died 27 Jan., 1680-1, and his will, dated 3 Ap., 1680, was 
proved 21 Feb., 1680-1 (25 North). He mentions his eldest son, 
John Swinnerton Dyer, and leaves him his estates in Essex, but 
his wife. Lady Thomasine, to have a life interest therein. To his 
son, William Dyer, the Manor of Newnham and tenements in co. 
Cambridge, subject to the payment of ;^iooo to his daughters, 
Johanna and Sarah, and ;^i5oo also to each daughter. Jewells, 
plate and goods in the house at Tottenham to his wife. To his 
brother, William Dyer, £10. To the poor of Newnham £$. To 
the poor of Tottenham ;Jio. Residue to his wife. 

The Registers of Newnham give: 
i68o-i, Jan. 27. Sir William Dyer, Baronet, buried in Woolen in 
the Chancel. 

He was buried in the Chancel of Newnham, and the stone 
slab in the floor, facing the altar, is inscribed with the following: 
“ Here lys the body of Sr William Dyer, Barronet who departed 
this life ye 27 of January 1680 he married ye grand-daughter and 
sole heiress to Sr John Swinnerton one Lord Mayor of ye City of 
London, had issue by her 4 sons and 3 daughters whereof 4 is 
now living viz : 2 sons and 2 daughters. He was a true Christian, 
an upright liver, a faithful husband, a tender father, and Lord of 
this Manor of Newnham. 

Here under lys now buried in this Dust 
The man whose life was sober, pure, and just.” 

Arms : Quarterly, i and 4, Or. a chief indented gules. Dyer. 
2 and 3, A cross pattee fleury within a bordure indented gules, 
Swinnerton. Above, the badge of Ulster. Crest : Out of a ducal 
coronet Or a Goat’s Head. , 

320 Somerset Dorset Notes & Queries. 

Chancery Proceedings 141. 13 Feb., 1681. Dame Thomasine 
Dyer, of Tottenham High Crosse, widow of Sir William Dyer, 
Baronet, grand daughter and heir at law to Sir John Swinnerton, 
Knt., Alderman of London, and Dame Thomasine his wife, heir 
at law to Thomas Swinnerton her father, and Joane Swinnerton 
her mother, and her brother, John Swinnerton, who are all now 
deceased. Sir John Swinnerton owned Great Birch and Little 
Birch, Birch Hall, Stanway and Tendringe, Essex, by deed 18 
May, 15 James, for which he paid ;^40oo to Sir John Petre, of 
Writtle. He owned messuages in St. Laurence Old Jewry, St. 
Mary Aldermanbury, Middlesex, and Dagenham, co. Salop, and 
by will 7 Sept., 1616, devised the lands bought from Sir John 
Petre to his wife for life, then to his eldest son, Henry, and his 
issue, then to his third son, Thomas, excluding Richard, his 2nd 
son, and failing heirs, to Robert, his fourth son. Henry Swinner- 
ton is dead, without issue, so one-third descends to Richard, as 
heir at law, but he, 17 James, 1620, sold his share to his mother. 

Thomas Swinnerton 3rd son has two-thirds, but he, 18 Jan., 
1626, conveyed to Humphrey Peate and Richard Symonds two- 
thirds of the manor of Little Birch and Birch Hall. 

Richard Swinnerton died s.p., 1640, and John Swinnerton is 
the only surviving son, and brother of Dame Thomasine Dyer. 

Thomas Swinnerton, father of Dame Thomasine Dyer, died 
intestate, being killed in his late Majesty’s King Charles I in his 
service at Naseby, Northampton, June 14, 1645. 

And Dame Thomasine Swinnerton and Joane Swinnerton 
were living. 

After the death of Thomas Swinnerton, his son, John 
Swinnerton, went to the East Indies, making his will 13 March, 
1650, leaving ail to his mother. About 6 months after. Dame 
Thomasine Swinnerton made her will, leaving her property to 
her son, Robert Swinnerton, who died in 1651. John Swinnerton 
started to return from the East Indies, and on his way home died 
163I, without issue. 

Dame Thomasine, widow of Sir William Dyer, Baronet, 
claims the property, but her son Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, 
Baronet, claims some of it as heir at law. 

Chancery Proceedings 484, 28 November, 1682. Dame 
Thomasine Dyer had lent money to Nicholas Courtney, of the 
Inner Temple, and John Tregayse, late of Trevarden, Cornwall. 
Nicholas Courtney cannot be found. She applies by friends and 
her agent, Mr. John Hopwood, and iMr. William Hill, to 
William Hooker, Esq., an eminent London Merchant, executor 
to the will of John Tregayse, deceased. 

Chancery Proceedings 92/145, 23 Jan,, 1684. Dame 
Thomasine Dyer, executrix to the will of her mother, Joane 
Swinnerton, widow, William Nurse, of the Inner Temple, and 
Walter Nurse, of Shove Lane, London, Chirageon, deceased 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 321 

about 1672, borrowed ;^ioo of Joane Swinnerton. Walter 
Nurse made his brother, Richard Nurse, and James Herriot, of 
St. Brides, London, goldsmith, his executors. 

Chancery Proceedings 89/32, 12 Nov., 1683. Dame 

Thomasine Dyer, of Tottenham High Cross, widow and relict of 
Sir William Dyer, Bart, deceased, and sole executrix of Joane 
Swdnnerton, widow, her late mother, and sole executrix of her 
late husband. That Joane Swinnerton about 13 years ago 
purchased Newton Hall, Great Dunmow. She made her will 
20 July, 1677, and devised all her lands to her grandchild. Sir 
John Swinnerton Dyer, Bart. Dame Thomasine says she ought 
to have possession, but that Sir John Swinnerton Dyer has the 
property, and his uncle, William Dyer, who was in possession 
at the time of Joane Swinnerton’s decease, continues to manage 
the estate for Sir John Swinnerton Dyer. Sir John answers, 24 
Dec., that Joane Swinnerton gave him New'ton Hall, and his 
father Sir William Dyer left him Newton Hall and the premises, 
both having great affection for him, and he claims the property. 

There is a Chancery Proceeding 425/8, 28 Feb., 1687, about 
land at Wansted which Dame Thomasine Dyer claims. 

Lady Thomasine Swinnerton Dyer, married, 2ndly, 8 August, 
1683, John Hopwood ; descended from the Hopwoods of 
Hopwood, Lancashire, by whom she had no issue. He is 
mentioned in Chancery Proceedings, 1682. 

She died 13 April, 1697, and was buried at Newnham in the 
Chancel. The mural tablet there gives: “In the vault near this 
place lyes interred the body of that Honble truly vertuous and 
pious Lady, Dame Thomasine Dyer, Relict of that Honord, and 
Religious Gentleman, Sir William Dyer of Tottenham High 
Crosse in the County of Middlx, Baronet, late wife of John 
Hopwood of Stanway Hall in ye County of Essex, Esqre. She 
was sole grand-daughter and heiress to that renowned Sir John 
Swinnerton once Lord Mayor of ye Famous City of London. 
She was a faithful and loving wife to both her husbands, a good 
and kind Mother, Courteous to her friends. Charitable to ye 
poor. Sincere Protestant, lover of all that she can see loved the 
Lord Jesus in and thro whom the triumph over death and is now 
singing Hallelujah amongst ye blessed above waiting for the 
Glorious Reserection of the body. She departed this life April 
13, 1697. Aetat. Suae 73. 

The registers of Newnham state; 1697. -^-pril 24, Dame 
Thomasine Dyer buried in Woollen in the Chancel. 

Her will is dated 28 July, 1687, Codicil 1 1 Ap., 1697 1 proved 
30 Ap., 1697 (86 Pyne). 

To be buried in the parish church of Newnham, near to the 
body of my late husband. Sir William Dyer, Baronet. To my 
loving husband, John Hopwood, all plate, jewels, goods at my 
house at Tottenham and the gift previous to my marriage with him 



Somerset (S* Dorset Notes S* Queries. 

of the Manor of Stanway and Bellhouse, Essex, one-third part of 
the advowsons in the Church of Stanway and Chapel of Allbright, 
Essex. My Manor of Colkermouth and Purlegante in the 
parishes of Dagenham and Barkin, Essex, to my son William 
Dyer and his heirs, and my Manor of Birch Hall, advowson of 
the Church of Little Birch, and the Manors of Great Birch, 
Layer de la Hay, Copford and elsewhere in Essex, to my said son. 
Whereas my daughter Johanna, now wife of Thomas Griffith, 
Esquire, hath been disobedient and undutiful toward me as well 
as her departing from me and disposing of herself in marriage 
without my consent, as by divers other waves, and hath justly 
incurred my displeasure, I give her £ioo for her separate use 
apart from her husband, and my best jewoH. To my son. Sir 
John Swinnerton Dyer, and my daughter Sarah, wife of John 
Hooke, by reason of their undutiful behaviour toward me, I 
bequeath them 5/- each, to be paid one year after my decease. 
John Hopwood, sole executor; he to arrange all my funeral rites, 

Codicil. I have bequeathed to William Dyer, my youngest 
son, all my lands in Essex. I revoke this bequest, and leave all 
lands in Essex to my grandson, Swinnerton Dyer, eldest son of 
Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, my son. 

Sir William Dyer, Baronet, left issue four sons. i. Swin- 
nerton Dyer, 2. Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, 3. Edward 
Swinnerton Dyer, and 4. William Dyer, and three daughters, 
I. Johanna Dyer, 2. Sarah Dyer, and 3. Anne Dyer. 

I. Swinnerton Dyer, born in 1651. 

The admissions to Lincoln’s Inn, give : 

1670, April 13, Swinnerton Dyer, son and heir apparent of William 
Dyer, of Tottenham High Crosse, Armiger. 

He was buried 29 Jan., 1676-7, at St. Mary Aldermanbury, 
in the Swinnerton Vault. 

3. Edward Swinnerton Dyer. I have not been able to 
find the date of his baptism. But the registers of St. Laurence 
Jewry, give : 

1660, Mar. 27, Hannah, daughter of Edward Swinnerton Dyer, 
by Hannah, his wife, baptised ; born 27 March. 

1661, Nov. II, Anne, daughter of Edward Swinnerton Dyer, by 
Hannah, his wife, baptized ; born 1 1 March. 

1662, Dec. 27, William, son of Edward Swinnerton Dyer, by 
Hannah, his wife, baptized ; born 27 Dec. 

1665, May iS, Jane, daughter of Edward Swinnerton Dyer, by 
Hannah, his wife, baptised ; born 18 May. 

1665, Sept. 14, Mr. Edward Swinnerton Dyer buried in ye Church- 

1665, Sept. 18, Jane, daughter of Mr. Edward Swinnerton Dyer, 
buried in ye Churchyard. 

Somerset ^ Dorset Notes & Queries. 323 

1665, September 20, William, son of Edward Swinnerton Dyer, 

buried in ye Churchyard. 

He evidently married Hannah but the date of the 

marriage and her burial I have not found. Nor is she mentioned 
in the wills of Sir William or Lady Thomasine Dyer, so it may 
be taken that she and her children, Hannah and Anne, had died 
before 1680. The deaths of Edward Swinnerton Dyer and his 
two children in September, 1665 seem to suggest that they died 
of the Great Plague. 

4. William Dyer, of Newnham, youngest son of Sir William 
Dyer, Baronet, born in 1659, was High Sheriff for Herts, 1694. 

He married, first, 27 June, 1684, (Mar. Lie. Faculty Office) 
Mary Hayward of St. Bride’s, London, spinster, 24, her parents 
dead, by whom he had a considerable fortune. She was buried 
17 Nov., 1685, at Newnham : and the same date her daughter 
Thomazine Dyer was buried. 

William Dyer married, secondly, (Mar. Lie. Fac. Ofif.) 31 
May, 1689, Anne Hooke, spinster, 17, daughter of Sir Thomas 
and Dame Mary Hooke, of Tangier Park, Hants, sister and co- 
heir of Sir Hele Hooke, and cousin of John Hooke who married 
his sister, Sarah Dyer. She died in 1740, and was buried in the 
chancel vault at St. Mary Aldermanbury, but the,?fregister there 
does not give the day or month. 

Chancery Proceeding, 89/52. 4 May, 1680. William Dyer, 

of Newnham, 4th son of Sir William Dyer, Bart., of Tottenham 
High Cross, deceased, states that in his life time he was seized of 
messuages and lands in Cambridge and Newnham Manor, co. 
Herts. Sir William Dyer left these properties to him by will dated 
3 Ap., 1680, subject to payment of ;^iooo to his two daughters, 
Johanna and Sarah Dyer, and £10 to his brother, William Dyer. 

But Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, his elder brother, has given 
out that he claims them as heir. 

Sir John Swinnerton Dyer says he does not claim them nor 
will he hinder William Dyer from possessing them. 

Chancery Proceedings, 266/49. 24 Feb., 1697. The answer 
of John Hopwood, defendant, to William Dyer of Newnham, 
complainant. He believes that Lady Thomasine Dyer, the 
defendant’s late wife, was seized of considerable property, and in 
June, 1683, before her second marriage she executed an Inden- 
ture of release by this defendant. She made a will and codicil and 
the defendant never threatened to contest the^will and denys all 
combination and confederancy with Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, 
the other defendant. 

Chancery Proceedings, 339/32. 15 June, 1702. William 

Dyer, of Newnham, was sworn guardian of Sir Swinnerton Dyer 
(3rd) Baronet, an infant. He says he does not know whether 
Joane Swinnerton made a will, but that she devised all her pro- 
perty in the parishes of St. -Mary Aldermanbury and St. Laurence 
Jewry, to his late father Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, Baronet. 

324 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

Answer. 339/32. n July, 1702. Lady Elizabeth Dyer, 

(wife of Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, Baronet,) complainant 
of John Hooke, gentleman, and Sarah (Dyer) his wife. She 
believes that Joane Swinnerton did make a will devising her 
messuages to Lady Thomasine Dyer, her daughter, for life then 
to Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, her grandson, and by will gave 
Sarah Hooke ;^iooo. And that after the deaths of Joane Swin- 
nerton and Sir William Dyer, Baronet, Lady Thomasine entered the 
premises in co. Essex, but by will left the tenements in the 
parishes of Aldermanbury and Old Jewry to Sir Swinnerton Dyer, 
Baronet, charged with a legacy of ;^iooo to each of Sir John 
Swinnerton Dyer’s younger children. But on his death, he being 
in debt, the Essex property was worth about £-^00 per ann., and 
was charged with the legacy of ;^iooo. William Dyer claims the 
London property for Sir Swinnerton Dyer being a minor he found 
difficulty in raising the money. Lady Elizabeth Dyer will pay, 
if allowed three years time. 

Chancery Proceedings, 644. 30 Ap., 1718. 

William Dyer, of St. x\ndrews Holborn, Esq., says that about 
1703 he was living at Newnham, Herts, and having occasion for 
butcher’s meat the same was supplied by James Fray, of Baldock. 
Anne, wife of William Dyer is mentioned. 

Chancery Proceedings, 23/57. 15 Nov., 1717. 

James Fray, of Baldock, Herts, butcher, says that William 
Dyer, late of Newnham, Herts, now of St. Andrews Holborn, in 
1700 applied to him to serve him and his family with meat, and 
he did so supply him for 7 years wdthout William Dyer paying the 
amount claimed, £'^q. James Fray accepted promissory notes. 
A further bill for ;^i95 is mentioned in 1707. Anne, wife of 
William Dyer, Recognizance on Close Roll, 5136. 47, 1718. 
James Fray of Baldock, Herts, Butcher, and John Fray, of 

The order in Chancery, ii Mar., 1718, between James Fray 
and William Dyer and Anne, his wife. It was ordered upon the 
Plaintiff’s security of £ioo penalty that proceedings should be 

His will is dated 2 Nov., 1734, proved 17 Nov., 1739. (231 

Henchman). To his wife, Anne Dyer, he leaves one-third part 
of the rectories and tithes of St. Budeaux, Egbrickland and 
Holbeton, and all estates in Devon, to make suitable shares for 
his son and daughters, and makes his wife sole executrix. He 
had issue : 

i. William Dyer, ii. John Swinnerton Dyer, iii. John 
Swinnerton Dyer, iv. Hele Dyer, v. Thomasine Dyer, 
vi. Anne Dyer, vii. Johanna Dyer, viii. Anne Dyer, 
ix. Thomasine Dyer, x. Elizabeth Dyer. 

He was buried 25 Feb., 1736, >in the Swinnerton Vault at 
St. Mary Aldermanbury. 

Somerset Dorset Notes &> Queries. 325 

i. William Dyer, eldest son, was admitted to Lincolns Inn 
4 July, 1707, when he is described as son and heir of William 
Dyer, of Newnham, Armiger. 

The registers of St. Mary Aldermanbury state, that in 1733 
Mr. William Dyer was buried in the Chancel Vault. The registers 
of Newnham are so much injured, I have not been able to find 
the date of the baptism of William Dyer, his son. 

ii. John Swinnerton Dyer, 2nd son, was baptised at 
Newnham 3 Mar., 1692, and buried there 9 Mar., 1693. 

hi. John Swinnerton Dyer, 3rd son, baptised at Newn- 
ham 14 June, 1696. He was dead in 1766 without issue. 

In St. Margaret’s Westminster registers is the burial of John 
Swinnerton Dyer, 8 Feb., 1766, which probably refers to him. 

iv. Hele Dyer, 4th son, baptised at Newnham i Mar., 
1701. He was the only surviving son of William Dyer of Newn- 
ham, and executor to the will of his aunt, Johanna Griffith, who 
died 1735. He is described as of Chelsea. His will is dated 21 
June, 1759 ; Codicils 28 Ap., 1762, and 15 Feb., 1766 ; proved 
25 Feb., 1766. P.C.C. (53 Tyndall). He leaves his estates in cos. 
Monmouth, Hereford, Warwick, Gloucester, Somerset, Derby and 
Cornwall to his cousin. Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, Bart., of 
Spains Hall, Essex. He mentions a deed dated 17 Sept., 1734, 
between his father, William Dyer, and Anne, his wife. His sister 
Elizabeth, wife of Michael Heathcote, to receive the rents of the 
estate in Warwickshire. The estates in Gloucester, Somerset, 
Derby and Cornwall, are charged with ;^2ooo per ann., as a mar- 
riage portion of his sister Elizabeth, and payment of £7,0 p. ann. to 
Mrs. Frances Colbron, who lives with him. He mentions the 
annuity of £20 to Mrs. Frances Colbron under the will of “my 
late sister, Thomasine Dyer.” He leaves a further annuity of 
£20, 20 guineas, and £60, and a Bible to Mrs. Frances Colbron. 

The estates in Gloucester, Somerset, Derby, and Cornwall to 
“my cousin John Grove of Feme, co. Wilts,” and mentions the 
settlement made 7 Jan., 1740, on his sister, Elizabeth Heathcote; 
Request of his sister Thomazine to give to Mrs. Frances Colbron 
her yellow bed. Books to Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, and £60. 
To Elizabeth Kitchen, Cookmaid, ;^4o. Mrs. Ann Dixon ;^2o, 
and her sister Catherine £20. Cousin Esther Hammond, legacy. 
To John Hooke of Gaunt House, Dorset, 20 guin. To brother- 
in-law, Michael Heathcote, 20 guineas. To Elisha Biscoe of the 
Temple, 30 guineas. To Samuel Salt, of Inner Temple, £60. 
£100 to the Treasurers of St. George’s Hospital. Residue to 
Elizabeth Heathcote. To be buried in the same vault in Alder- 
manbury Church where my parents and other relations are buried. 
The coffin to be lined with lead. Executors, Sir Thomas Swin- 
nerton Dyer and John Grove, my cousins, Samuel Salt and Eliz- 
abeth Heathcote. Codicils. Under the will of his cousin, Esther 

326 Somerset Dorset Notes & Queries. 

Hammond, he has a legacy of ;,^iooo. To the Treasurer,, Mag- 
dalen House Chantry, Prescott St., £300 \ To the Asylum 
Westminster Bridge, £^00 ; To Mrs. Frances Colbron £$o ; To 
Mrs. Ann and Catherine Dixon £10 each ; To Mrs. Susanna 
Nevil of Chelsea £^$0 ; To Catherine Thomas of Chelsea, my 
cousin, £20. To Elizabeth Kitchen £10. Estates in Monmouth 
and Hereford. 

He was buried 22 February, 1766, in the Swinnerton Vault in 
the chancel at St. Mary Aldermanbury. As he left no issue, this 
branch of the family in the male line became extinct. 

V. Thomasine Dyer, eldest daughter of William Dyer, was 
buried at Newnham, 17 Nov., 1685. 

vi. Anne Dyer, 2nd daughter, was baptised at Newnham 
25 April, 1695, and buried there 16 June, 1698. 

vii. Johanna Dyer, 3rd daughter, was baptised at Newn- 
ham 4 July, 1697, and buried there 27 May, 1699. 

viii. Anne Dyer, 4th daughter, was baptised at Newnham 
5 March, 1698-9, and buried there 23 May, 1710. 

ix. Thomazine Dyer, 5th daughter, was underage in 1709. 

Chancery Proceedings, 524/163, 12 February, 1712. 

Thomasine Dyer, eldest (surviving) daughter of William Dyer, of 
Newnham, Herts, and Elizabeth, only daughter of Thomas Grove, 
of Marten, an infant, by Thomas Grove, junior, her brother. 

That Sir Hele Hooke, Bart., of Kensington, uncle to 
Thomasine Dyer, was seized of divers Manors, etc., to the value 
of £5000 per ann. ; and personal estate £20,000 that he made 
his will 22 July, 1709, giving his wife. Dame Esther, ;^4,ooo, then 
to Elizabeth Grove, daughter of his sister, ;^i,ooo when 21 ; and 
to Thomasine Dyer, his niece, ;^i,ooo. He died 24 June, 1710, 
at which time Thomasine Dyer was 21 and upwards. The 
executors have taken the property. There is another Chancery 
Proceeding 92/50, 1713, on the same case. 

Will of Thomasine Dyer, of Chelsea, 15 Oct., J742. (212 
Anstis). Eldest (surviving) daughter of William and Anne Dyer, of 
Newnham and Chelsea. My brother, Hele Dyer, my sister, 
Elizabeth Heathcote, wife of Michael Heathcote ; my friend, 
Francis Colbron, proved 7 Sept. 1744. 

She was buried at St. Mary Aldermanbury in the Chancel 
Vault, 16 August, 1744. 

X. Elizabeth Dyer, 6th daughter, was baptised at Newn- 
ham, 25 August, 1701. 

Her marriage settlement is dated 7 August, 1740, and she 
was married that day at St. George’s, Hanover Square, to Michael 
Heathcote, son of Sir Thomas Heathcote, of St. George’s, 
Hanover Sq., London. 

Somerset 6* Dorset Notes Queries. 327 

Conington Castle, Hunts, was the property of the Heathcotes. 
He was buried at Taxal, Cheshire, and in the Church there is 
a handsome monument to him. He was Gentleman of the 
Pantry and Yeoman of the Mouth to George II. He made his 
will 14 Dec., 1767, proved 14 July, 1768, and directs his body to 
be buried at Taxall with his father and mother. 

1. Johanna Dyer, elder daughter of Sir William Dyer, 
Baronet, was born in 1654. She was married to Thomas Griffith, 
of Pendarard, co. Denbigh, aged 31. She is described as of All 
Hallows, Honey Lane, London, aged 21, at her own disposal, 
29 Dec. 1683. (Lie. Fac. Office). 

Will of Johanna Griffith, widow & relict of Thomas Griffith, 
late of Pendard in the parish of Llanerlean, co. Denbigh, Esq., 
deceased, dated 22 July, 1735. To be buried in Trinity Church, 
Chester. She leaves to Mrs. Mary Kenrick, her funeral arrange- 
ments and ;^"ioo, and to her sister, Mrs. Sarah Staples, 20/- To 
her servants, Sarah Davies and Hannah Moulson, ^5. To Andrew 
Kerrick, the elder. Esq., 10 guineas. She mentions her niece 
Thomasine Dyer, daughter of her brother, William Dyer, Esq. ; 
her sister, Elizabeth Dyer; Nieces, Elizabeth Dyer and Anne Dyer, 
“ daughter of my late Brother, Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, Bt.” 
An Indenture of lease dated 16 Feb., 1688, between him and 
Thomas Griffith and herself and William Dyer and Robert Hooke, 
Randle Wynne and John Hooke. She also mentions her nephews, 
Hele Dyer, only surviving son of her brother, William Dyer, & 
John Hooke, only son of her sister, Sarah Hooke, deceased ; 
John, William, and Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, sons of Sir John 
Swinnerton Dyer, Baronet, her brother. Proved 16 March, 
W35-6 (56 Darby). 

2. Sarah Dyer, 2nd daughter of Sir William Dyer, born 
1662. She was married to John Hooke, of Gaunts House, Dorset, 
nephew of Sir Thomas Hooke, Bt., of Flanchford, Surrey, and 
Tangier Park, Hants. She died in 1736. (Lie. Vic. Gen. office 
21 Ap., 1684). 

3. Anne Dyer, 3rd daughter, buried at Tottenham 3 August, 
1657, “ which died att Mrs. Goffes house.” (Tottenham register.) 

[To be coniinued.) . 

213. Statute Merchant Bonds, Somerset and Dorset. 
Amongst the documents preserved in the Muniment Room, of 
the Corporation of Salisbury, are four Registers, recording Statute 
Merchant Bonds taken before the Mayor of the Borough and the 
Clerk of Statute Merchant Bonds. 

It is not known when New Sarum was appointed to be one 
of the Boroughs, at which these Bonds could be taken; but there 
is reason to believe that the date was much earlier than the first 
recorded in the earliest of these Registers, for there are refer- 
ences to earlier Bonds among the City Muniments : possibly these 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes S= Queries. 

earlier Registers perished in the fire, when the Town House was 
burnt down in 1780: many of the documents show signs of dam- 
age done on that occasion. 

These Registers consist of sheets of parchment, roughly 
sewn together in a covering of parchment. 

The first Register begins 27 March, ii Henry VIII; and 
ends 22 April, ii Elizabeth: the other Registers follow in due 
order. There is a gap in the first Register from 28-37 Henry 
VIII : the sheets have been removed from the Register. 

The following Extracts relate to persons resident in Dorset 
and Somerset or connected with those Counties, and prefaced to 
them is an Extract from Jacob’s Law Dictionary, title “Statute 

A Statute Merchant is a bond of record acknowledged before 
the Clerk of the Statutes Merchant and Lord Mayor of the City 
of London or two Alerchants assigned for that purpose: and 
before the mayors of other cities and towns or the bailiff of any 
borough, &c., sealed with the seal of the Debtor and of the King, 
upon condition that, if the obligor pays not the debt at the day, 
execution may be awarded against his body, lands and goods, 
and the obligee shall hold the lands to him his heirs and assigns 
till the debt is levied. The Statute of Acton Burnel ii Ed. I, 
and Statute of Merchants 13 Ed. I, Stat. 3, enact that the mer- 
chant shall cause his debtor to appear before the Mayor of the 
City of London or other city or town, and there acknowledge the 
debt, &c., by recognizance which is to be inrolled, the roll 
whereof must be double, one part to remain with the Mayor and 
the other with the clerk appointed by the King : and then one of 
the clerks is to write the obligation, which shall be sealed with 
the debtor’s seal and that of the King, &c. 

Statutes IMerchant were contrived for the security of Mer- 
chants only to provide a speedy remedy to recover their debts : 
but at this day they are used by others, who follow not mer- 
chandize, and become one of the common assurances of the 
Kingdom [Bridgman 21, Owen 82] And all obligations, so made 
to the King, are of the nature of these Statutes Merchant. 

(Jacob’s Law Dictionary), 

Thomas Brodegate, Mayor ; Johi Barowe, Clerk. 

4 August, 13 Henry VIII. Thomas Coker, Armiger, to Richard 
Elyes, Knight. £100. 

24 August, 13 Henry VIII. Walter Dillington, of Michelney, 
Somerset, Gentilman, to George Redyche, Gentilman, ^^40. 

Thomas Pers, otherwise Pyers, Mayor. 

8 June, 14 Henry VIII. George Gilbert, of Wyncawlton, Somer- 
set, Gentilman, to Robert Wareman, Tanner. ;^ioo. 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 


24 March, 13 Henry Vill. Walter Dyllington, of Michelney, 
Somerset, Gentilman, to George Redyche. ^40. 

Robert Stokton, Mayor. 

16 April, 17 Henry VIII. William Hody, of Stowell, Somerset, 
Armiger, to Thomas Trenchard, Knight. £$o. 

6 November, 18 Henry VIII. William Semer, ofBupton, Dorset, 

Generosus, to John Rogers, Knight. £200. , 

John Hawles, Mayor. 

7 December, 18 Henry VIII. Hugh Gwyn, Capellanu s,to 

Thomas Chafyn, of the City of New Sarum, Mercer. ;^ioo. 
12 March, 18 Henry VIII. William Parham, of Sturminster 
Marshall, Dorset, Gent., and John Domynyk, of Chilmarke, 
Wilts, Housbondman. ;^^4o. 

Robert Wodelocke, Mayor. 

10 January, 19 Henry VIII. Robert Jurden, of Lyme Regis, 
Dorset, Merchant, to Oliver Lawrence, Gent. ;^40. 

10 January, 19 Henry VHL Thomas Coker, of Asshe, Dorset, 

Gent., and John Gaute, of Mershude, Dorset, Gent., to 
Oliver Lawrence, Gent. ;^40. 

William Lobbe, Mayor. 

18 December, 21 Henry VIII. Peter Faunteleroy, of Fauntleroys- 

marche, Dorset, to Edward Frowde, of Haytesbury, Wilts, 
Housebondman. £200. 

Nicholas Holwey, Mayor. 

12 March, 22 Henry VIII. Thomas Pokeswell, of Strode, Dor- 
set, Armiger, to Robert Samwise, of Wynterbourne St. 
Martin, Dorset. 100 marks. 

11 September, 23 Henry VIII. Edward Willoughby, Knight, 

and John Rogers, Knight, to Thomas White and John 
Stocker, of Pole, Dorset, Merchants. £"300. 

Robert Sowthe, Mayor. 

19 April, 23 Henry VIII. JohnBygges, ofNew Sarum, Clericus, 

Thomas Codryngton, of Swalowcleyf, Wilts, Gent., Walter 
Coke, of Donhid St. Andrew, Wilts, Yoman, and Henry 
Hascall, of Fontemell, Dorset, Yoman to the most Reverend 
in Christ Lawrence Campeggio, Cardinal Lord Bishop of 
Salisbury. £”300. 

William Webhe, Mayor. 

31 May, 26 Henry VIII. Roger de la Lynde, of Stoke Busshop, 
Southampton, Gent., to Edward Foxe, of New Sarum. 100 

330 Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

21 June, 26 Henry VIII. James Due, of Spaytisbury, Dorset, 
Husbondman, to John Colet, of Bryarstone, Dorset, Tal- 
loughchaundler. £^^0. 

23 September, 26 Henry VIII. Robert Laversage, to Richard 
Dudley, Clerk, and Henry Wrasteley. £200. 

Thomas Martyn, Mayor. 

I June. 27 Henry VIII. Christopher Chaffyn, of New Sarum, 

Mercer, to John Stocker and John Man. 100 marks. 

Henry Wresteley, Mayor. 

16 December, 27 Henry VIII. Peter Morgan, son of Gregory 
Morgan, Armiger, deceased, to Thomas Chaffyn, of New 
Sarum, Mercer, £4-0. 

21 February, 28 Henry VIII. John Chaffyn, of Bristow, Merchant, 

to Thomas Chaffyn, of New Sarum, Merchant. £6. 

Thomas Shorte, Mayor; Henry Goldstone, Clerk. 

8 January, 37 Henry VIII. George Chaldecote, of Quarleston, 
Dorset, to Nicholas Holwell, of Byton, Devon, Yeoman. 


22 April, 37 Henry VIII. Robert Jerott, of Samford Orkeyes, 

Somerset, Armiger, to John Crede, of the Borough of Wilton, 
Wilts, Clothier. £200. 

22 April, 37 Henry VIII. Nicholas Uvedale, of Milborne Port, 
Somerset, Generosus, and John Warman, of Wells, Somerset, 
Yoman, to Henry Jerard, of Samford Orkeyes, Somerset. 
200 marks. 

II August, 37 Henry VHI. George Anketyll, of East Aimer, 

Dorset, Generosus, to Henry Chetyll, of Blandford Mary, 
Dorset, Generosus. £s^- 

Robert Greffythe, or Griffithe, Mayor. 

16 December, 37 Henry VIII. Thomas Cator, of New Sarum, 
Draper, and Thomas Chaffyn, of Meere, Wilts, Generosus, to 
Thomas Stanter, of Hanging Langford, Wilts, Generosus, 
and Katherine, his wife. £200. 

12 May, 38 Henry VIII. John Soper, of Spekingeton, Somerset, 
Generosus, to John Williams, of Langeton, Dorset, Yoman, 

4 June, 38 Henry VHI. Richard Michell, of Melcombe Regis, 
Dorset, Mercer, to Thomas Valence, of Brodemayne Martell, 
Dorset, Husbondman. ^loo. 

25 September, 38 Henry VHI. Mathew Wolfe, of Dorchester, 
Dorset, Merchant, John Lyteljohn, of Colymton, Devon, 
Merchant, and Robert Halat, of Chydington, Devon, Mer- 
chant, to William Lyte, of Lyllsdon, Somerset, Armiger. 

[To he continued.) 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries, 331 

214. The Ass’s Head. — The following clipping from the 
Globe has been kindly sent us by Mr. Floyer. Can any correspon- 
dent corroborate the story ? At the present day no Inn occurs in 
Kelly’s Directory for Dorset bearing this sign, or that of The 
Royal George. 

Dorset Editor. 

“A Dorset Correspondent sends the following interesting 
story to “ P.T.O.” One of the last stopping places of the 
London and Weymouth coach was at a little Dorset village, whose 
principal hostelry was known as The Ass’s Head. So good were 
the refreshments, so obliging the host, and so reasonable the 
charges, that the inn did a thriving trade, and was well spoken of 
throughout the district. In one of George HI.’s visits to Wey- 
mouth the Royal party stayed at this inn and had lunch. This 
was very gratifying to the loyal host, who immediately took down 
his original signboard and erected a full-length painting of the 
King in its place. Henceforth the inn should be known as The 
Royal George. The proprietor of the rival hostelry in the village 
purchased the Ass’s Head sign for a few shillings, and had it 
placed over the door of his house. Now it so happened that the 
coachman and guard of the Weymouth coach had been changed 
on the day this alteration of the signboards took place, and they 
were both strangers to the district ; but their instructions had 
been to stop at the Ass’s Head, and seeing the sign on the rival 
house they pulled up there. This much annoyed the original 
owner, who, foreseeing that his pocket might suffer for his loyalty, 
immediately had nailed to the bottom of the painting of King 
George a board with these words in large letters, “ This is the 
original Ass ! ” 

215. Sale of Glastonbury Abbey. — The following notice 
of the sale of Glastonbury Abbey appeared in the Times of June 
7th, 1907. 

The Glastonbury Abbey Estate of 36 acres, which includes 
the mansion and the historic ruins of the monastery, was sold 
by Mr. Bowring, auctioneer, of Wells, at Glastonbury, yes- 
terday. The vendor was Mr. Stanley Austin, who inherited the 
property from his father. Mr. Ernest Jardine, of Nottingham, 
who is the Conservative candidate for the Eastern Division of 
Somerset, in which the abbey stands, started the bidding at 
;^24,ooo, after putting a question as to the method that would be 
adopted in valuing the properties attached to the abbey ruins, but < 
not included in the sale, of which the purchaser was to have the 
option. Two other bidders, one of whom appeared to be an 
American, carried the auctioneer by ;^i,ooo bids to ;^29,ooo. 
Then there was a pause while the auctioneer dilated upon the 
increasing income derived from admissions to the ruins, last year’s 

332 Somerset &= Dorset Notes Queries, 

total of visitors being just under 10,000. Mr. Jardine, on repeat- 
ing his question, secured a satisfactory answer — namely, that the 
valuers should value these properties as to an outsider and not as 
to an anxious purchaser. He thereupon bid ;£^o,ooo, which was 
fairly obviously the reserve upon the property. There was no 
advance, and he became the purchaser amid ringing cheers. Mr. 
Jardine informed the representative of The Times that he did not 
contemplate residing at the mansion. 

This was followed on June loth, by a letter from the Bishop 
of Bath and Wells. 

Sir, — It is now known that Mr. Jardine, of Nottingham, has 
generously entered into an arrangement with myself, in which he 
has purchased Glastonbury Abbey with the view to its being 
acquired by the Church of England. 

I am making myself responsible for the ultimate payment to 
him of ;^3o,ooo in addition to the expenses of the sale and the 
payment of interest upon the money he advances at a reasonable 
rate until the whole of the money is paid off. 

It seemed to me that it would be a matter of very deep regret 
to many members of the Church of England if the Abbey were to 
pass into the possession of any other communion. 

Professor Freeman has written of it as “ the one great 
religious foundation which lived through the storm of the 
English conquest, and in which Briton and Englishman have an 
equal share.” 

What I have done so far was to write privately to a number 
of people who I thought would be likely to help me and ask for 
guarantees of subscriptions to pay the cost of the purchase of the 
Abbey, mentioning to them that my proposal was to vest it, when 
acquired, in the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishops of Win- 
chester, Bristol, Gloucester, and Bath and Wells, together with 
other persons — presumably laymen — who would be suitable to 
hold it as administrative trustees on behalf of the Church of 

I have no scheme to propose as to the future of Glastonbury 
Abbey ; I think it best that no scheme should be formulated until 
every penny of the money has been subscribed and the adminis- 
trative trustees are in a position to consider any plans to be 
formed about the use of the property. 

The response to this private appeal has been a guarantee of 
about ;^i5,ooo, to which past and present members of the Wells 
Theological College have contributed; and now that the purchase 
has been effected and the amount of money required is ascer- 
tainable, I feel myself in a position to make a public appeal to 
members of the Church of England for their generous assistance. 

It is my hope within the next few days to form a committee 
of people in the county who will co-operate with me in endeav- 
ouring to obtain the funds that are now needed, for it is clear to 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 333 

anybody that the responsibility which I have undertaken is one 
which, personally, I should be unable to meet. 

Meanwhile, as I have opened an account called the “ Glas- 
tonbury Abbey ” Fund at Messrs. Stuckey and Co.’s Bank, Wells, 
any subscriptions that your readers may feel willing to contribute 
may be sent to this bank, or, if they desire it, to myself. 

The sooner the money can be obtained the less will be the 
amount of interest, for which I am at present responsible. 

I know that I have made a bold venture. It was necessary 
to make it, and I feel confident that Churchmen will not leave me 
in the lurch. 

It now only remains for me publicly to express the sense of 
gratitude I feel to Mr. Jardine for so kindly assisting me in the 
plan which I have laid before you, and also my obligation to my 
friends and others who have so far helped me by guaranteeing 
the amount of money already promised. 

I am your obedient servant, 

G.W. BATH : & WELL : 
The Palace, Wells, Somerset, June 8. 

216. Dorset Recoveries. (VI. pp. 14, 116, 164, 213, 254, 
314, 343, VII. 17, 59, 107, 144, 196, 250, 298, 338, VIIL 8, 55, 
127, 164, 252, 323, IX. 44, 84, 122, 165, 209, 263, 3 I 2, 364, X. 
36, 116, 158, 223, 260.) — 

Hil. 32nd and 
33 rd years 


East. 33rd year 

Charles IPs Reign (continued). 

I — George Ryves, Esq., v. Nicholas Ingram, gen. 
j 6 messuages and 20 acres in Ibrington alias 
Iberton, and Blandford Forum. (Vouchees, 
Robert Haysome, gen., and Edward Pitt, 

) — Edward Nicholas, Esq., v. Roger Waite, gen. 
j — 35 acres in Bagber and Sturminster. 

(Vouchees, Nicholas Sherley, gen.) 

Trin. 33rd year ) — James Crosse, gen., and Amphillis Chiffinch, 
8 j widow, v. John Earewell, gen . — 3 messuages, 

I pigeoncot, and 340 acres in Larstocke alias 
Laverstock, and Stoake Abbott. (Vouchee, 
William Codrington, gen.) 

Mich. 33rd year I — Richard Henvill, gen. v Henry Backway, gen., 
69 j Miles Corbett, gen . — g acres in Hincknali, 

Melplash, and Netherbury. (Vouchee, ^ 
John Ironside, Esq.) 

Ditto \—John Blundell, gen., v. John Chapman, gen . — 

145 j A messuage in Blandford Foium. (Vouchee, 

Robert Forest.) 


Somerset Dorset Notes S* Queries. 











Hil. 33rd & 34th 
years — 16 

East. 34th year 





Trin. 34th 
year — . . 



) — Lawrence Purchase, gen. v. Joseph Whittle, 

( junior. — A messuage in All Saints, Dorchester. 
(Vouchees, Joseph Whittle senior, & Sara 
his wife.) 

J — Richard Dawes, gen., v. Claver Morris. — 2 
j messuages and 120 acres in Bagber. 
(Vouchee, Nicholas Sherley.) 

) — Miles Corhett, gen. v. Nathaniel Paine 
) Susanna his wife. — A moiety of 5 messuages, 
and 5 gardens in Trinity parish, Dorchester. 

) — John Carpenter, gen. v. John Blundell, gen . — 
j 14 acres in Shaston St. James. (Vouchee, 
James Baker, junior.) 

1 — Antony Bennett, gen. v. George Palmer, gen. 
j Richard Nicholls, gen. — Manor of Stower 
Eastower, and 34 messuages and 930 acres 
there. (Vouchee, George Nicholls, gen.) 

1 — Thomas Nossiter, gen., & Henry Spencer, gen. 

( V. Thomas Pluchiett. gen., Richard Kittlehy, 
gen. — A messuage and 12 acres in Allington 
alias Athlington. (Vouchee, Richard Bayly.) 

I — William Furseman, gen. v. Antony Furseman, 
\ gen. — 3 messuages and 5 acres in Cortfe 

Castle, Wareham & Stoburrough. 

> — Edward Mills, gen. v. William Bagnell, gen. 
^ — A messuage and 255 acres in Iwerne 

Minster. (Vouchee, John Churchey, mer- 

) — Henry Lewen, gen. v. William Lewen, gen. — 
j 2 messuages and 113 acres in Wimborne 
Minster, Wilksworth, Honybrooke & Holt. 
(Vouchee, George Gillingham, gen.) 

I — John Jellandv. John Rolf e, gen. — 30 messuages, 
j 32 gardens, and 3 acres in Dorchester and 
Fordington. (Vouchees, William Hawkins, 
S.T.P., and Edith his wife. ) 

1 — Nicholas Gould, Esq., v. John Gould, Esq., 
j Manor of Froome Billet and West Stafford, 
and 2 messuages, i mill, and 554 acres there 

Somerset <S» Dorset Notes &> Queries. 335 

and in Piddletown, and free fishing ‘‘ in the 
waters of Frome and Dorchester.” 

— John Butler^ gen., Edward Butler, gen., v. 
Thomas Edwards, gen., Peter Blackwell, 
gen. — 5 messuages and 404 acres in Fyther- 
ley alias Tyderleigh, Chardstocke, Colmer, 
Voxdem, Blackford, and Whitchurch. 
(Vouchee, Robert Henley, gen.) 

F. J. Pope. 


217. Napoleon and the Invasion of England. ^ — The 
story of the Great Terror by H. F. B. Wheeler & A. M. Broadley 
with numerous illustrations from contemporary prints, caricatures, 
etc., eight in colour. Two volumes. London: John Lane, 
The Bodley Head. New York : John Lane Company, MCMVIII. 
Demy 8vo. Vol. I. pp. xxxviii + 316. Vol. II. pp. viii + 3-71. 
Price 32s. net. 

The authors of these fascinating volumes have produced a 
work dealing with a subject which has not hitherto received the 
full share of attention it deserves; and now for the first time the 
English reader is presented with a detailed narrative, drawn from 
various sources, both official and popular, of the schemes from 
time to time evolved by Napoleon Bonaparte for the invasion of 
the Kingdom, of the grave apprehensions excited in this country 
by the preparations made for her attack, and of the efforts called 
forth for the repulse of the invader, should he succeed in placing 
his foot upon her shores. 

The work is richly illustrated with reproductions of con- 
temporary prints, some serious, others in caricature, by Rowland- 
son, Gillray and others, during this period, the latter far from 
complimentary to the Corsican, whom patriotic Englishmen 
were accustomed to regard as “the greatest rascal upon earth.” 
Some eight of these illustrations are in colour, and the choice 
collection of Mr. Broadley has been laid under requisition for the 
originals from which they have been derived. Among these 
George III, playing at Bubbles, which forms the frontispiece of 
the first volume, is most characteristic, and the Republican 
Flotilla in danger, by Gillray, is a masterpiece. 

A feature in the book is the liberal manner in which the 
Ballad Literature of the day has been drawn upon, and we are 
pleased to see an old favourite of our childhood reprinted, first 



336 Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

sung at Sadler’sWells in 1797, which long retained its popularity. 
O, its a snug little island ! 

A right little, tight little island, 

Search the globe round, none can be found 
So happy as this little island. 

A spirited song is also given from a MS. source, entitled 
“ The Song of the Loyal Volunteers of Burton Bradstock,” a 
village in the neighbourhood of Bridport. 

In the pages of 5 . D. N . &> Q. reference should chiefly 
be made to the part taken by Dorset, with a view to repelling 
the threatened invasion, as set forth in the pages of this work. 
It was fortunate for the County that it possessed in 1797 so 
energetic a Sheriff as Mr. Clavell, who, putting into active 
operation the ancient prerogative of the Posse Comitattis, issued 
to the Justices of Peace a precept requiring them to compile lists 
of persons between the years of 15 and 60, capable of bearing 
arms, established an office at Dorchester for the transaction of 
business connected with this levy, and divided the men enrolled 
into regiments of about 100 each. These and other details were 
set forth by Mr. William Morton Pitt, M.P., in Thoughts on the 
Defence of these Kingdoms, and the raising of the Posse Comitatus, a 
pamphlet which proved of great service in the formation of the 
armed Associations called into being by the Act of 5 April, 1798. 

At a later date, 1804, an interesting letter is given, addressed 
by the King to the Duke of York, on the establishment of an 
Army of reserve in Dorset, — a force which the monarch, so partial 
to Weymouth and Melcombe Regis, deemed of the highest im- 
portance, as the County was exposed to attack from its proximity 
to Brest. 

We regret that our limited space does not allow of a more 
extended notice of so admirable a work, and for further particulars 
we must refer our readers to the book itself. We hear that copies 
are being rapidly bought up. It is not likely that the work will 
be rivalled for many years to come, so well has it been produced, 
and so thoroughly does it deal with a stirring period which may 
be termed, for England, the Great Terror of 1797-1805. 


218. Selworthy (1850 - 1857) Marian S. Archer 
Thompson. Oxford, 1907 (Printed for Private Circula- 
tion) With 10 Illustrations. — A few copies of this chatty and 
interesting book can be obtained from Messrs. Barnicott and 
Pearce, Taunton, at 6/4 each, post free. 

The work consists of a Lady’s pleasant reminiscences of the 
beautiful old world village of Selworthy, in the middle of the 
last century. The illustrations are reproductions of sketches by 
the writer’s mother. All those who love the neighbourhood of 
Minehead will be glad to possess this pretty book. 


Somerset <S* Dorset Notes Queries. 


219. Sculptured Crest at Twerton, Somerset.— T he 
Sculpture, represented by the accompanying illustration, has for 
many years been a puzzle to me and others whom I have 
consulted, and some of the many readers of S. D, N. S» Q. 
may be able to throw some light upon it. 

It consists of a sculptured stone representation of an Eagle 
or Phoenix rising out of flames surrounded by a Coronet. On 
the breast are three six-pointed stars, which were brought into 
clearer distinctness by having them whitened with a little chalk 
before the photograph was taken. 

The sculpture has for many years stood on a slab of stone 
over the doorway of a House in Twerton-on-Avon, near Bath, 
which house commonly bears the name of “ Fielding’s House,” 
and it is said that Fielding wrote “Tom Jones” whilst staying 
there. What foundation there is for that statement I do not 
know. Fielding, I believe, was often in Bath where his sister 
resided, and he may have gone out to Twerton (then a small 
village) to be able to write with less interruption. 

The height of the sculpture from base to head of Eagle is 
19 inches, across the wings of eagle, as they now are, about 16 
inches, and size round the top of the Coronet about 64 inches. 

I'he house is a substantial one and there are some pieces of 
carved Vases and other traces of bygone character about the 
place, which stood in fairly sized grounds running down to the 
river ; now however some of the land has been built over. 

Collinson in History of Somerset^ Vol. HI, p. 347, says 
“ That at one time Sir Richard de Rodney possessed the whole 
of Twiverton” (or Twerton as it is now called) but this sculpture 
cannot apparently be connected with that family, as the Rodney 
Crest is an “Eagle displayed proper charged on the breast with 
a crescent or, rising out of a Coronet.” See “ Alphabet of Arms” 
in Index to Collinson’s Somerset, p. 307. 

3, Devonshire Bdgs., Bath. Wm. Stokes Shaw, 

(late Vicar of Twerton). 

220. The Dampier Family. — As mentioned in Volume X, 
page 85, of S. S* D. N. Q. the different branches of the 
Dampier family living for the past three centuries in Somerset 
and Dorset, have generally considered themselves to be of 
French or Flemish origin, and descended from the House of 
Dampierre. Statements to this effect will be found on the tomb 
of Edward Dampier who died at Corfe Castle in 1774, and in the 
life of Sir Henry Dampier given in Foss^ Judges of England, 
Moreover, since the beginning of the eighteenth century, various 
members of the family have used the Dampierre coat — Or, a lion 
rampant sable — though without proving at the College of Arms 
their right to do so. 

For some little time the writer has made occasional attempts 
Vol. X. Part lxxx. December, 1907. 



Somerset &> Dorset Notes & Quevies. 

to trace the origin of the family to which his mother belongs. 
During the last few months evidence has been accumulating 
which goes to show that the traditional origin bears no relation 
to the truth. The result illustrates in an amusing manner the 
changes which names undergo when transplanted from their 
native county, and the danger of founding theories about the 
history of families from identity of name, vague tradition, and 
similarity of “customary” coats of arms. 

The first document which gave a clue to this new evidence 
was a Close Roll of 25 Elizabeth, in which William Dampye alias 
Damport, son and heir apparent of John Dampye alias Damport, 
of Lovington, Co. Somerset, sells to his brother Thomas various 
lands in Somerset and Dorset. In another roll, of 41 Elizabeth, 
the same Thomas, purchasing other lands in Lovington and 
Horneblotton, is described as Dampier alias Damporte, and he 
uses the same alternatives in his Will dated 1617 (proved P.C.C. 

At the Heralds’ Office is an Allowance of Arms made in 
the Somerset Visitation of 1582 to John Dampyer alias Damport, 
of Lovington : Argent, on a chevron between three cross crosslets 
fitchee sable an annulet or. The crest is a lion passant ermine 
crowned or, resting the dexter forepaw on a shield of the last. 
The coat is that of Davenport of Cheshire, though the crest is 
different. Similar arms are recorded in Harleian MSS. 1559 and 
1441, in which John Dampitt alias Damport of Lovington, esq., 
is described as son of John, son of John Damport, third son of 
John Damport of Bramhall, co. Chester, esq. In the copies of 
the Cheshire Visitations, preserved in the British Museum and 
elsewhere, this pedigree is given in greater detail. The fullest 
account, based on other evidence also, will be found in Earwaker’s 
East Cheshire, under the head of Davenport of Bramhall, a 
branch of Davenport of Davenport. 

Cecily d. of Sir L. Wareyn of Poynton, (l)=John de Davenport=(2) Joan d. of John Bagot 
knt. mar, covt. 13 Hen. VI. | Inq. p.m. 18 Ed. IV. I of Bromley. 

Thomas William Davenport or = Margaret John Damport of Lovyngton, = d. & h. of 
Damport of Bramhall I d. of Robt. Co. Somerset. j — Rodale 

Inq. p.m. 20 Hen. VIII. | Legh of Adlington. [ of Dorset. 

John William of Robert Hugh Reginalde Christofer George John Dam- =Ales, d. 

Bramhall living 1492 1 Hen. 1 Hen. port of Lav- I of Robt. 

VIII. VIII. ington, , I Eyre of 

Co. Wilts. I Lavington 

I I I • I L . J ^ ‘ 

William Thomas John Lionel Richard Elizabeth Joan Grace 

In this Cheshire pedigree, Lavington, co. Wilts, is confused 
with Lovington, co. Somerset. Besides the evidence of the 
Close Rolls and of the Somerset Visitations given above, the 
will of Robt. Eyre (dated 1592 — Abs. in Brown’s Somerset Wills) 
mentions his sister Alice Dampier of Lovington, while the same 
place is referred to in the Wills of Thomas and Richard Damport 
or Dampier (P.C.C. 1627 and 1619). 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


In Harleian MS. 1559 John Damport’s arms are quartered 
with a coat — Gules, on a cross or, five pierced mullets sable. 
These are Randell arms, and in Harleian MS. 2187, the elder 
John Damport of Lovington is said to marry a daughter and 
heiress of — Randell, co. Dorset, — a more likely name than 
Rodale. The coat was one of those formerly to be seen in 
Wimborne Minster (Harl. MS. 1427) in the neighbourhood of 
which the Dampiers possessed lands, which are menaoned in the 
first of the Close Rolls referred to, and in the Inquisition post 
mortem of John Dampier of Lovington, taken in 1589. 

While the coat of arms, allowed to John Dampyer or 
Damport of Lovington by the Heralds in 1582, is identical with 
the coat of Davenport of Bramhall, the lion passant ermine 
assigned to him as crest is quite different from the roped man’s 
head of the Davenports. The Davenports acquired Bramhall by 
marriage with an heiress who bore the name of the place. 
They quartered her coat, Sable, a lion rampant or. It is 
possible that the new lion, given as crest in 1582, or the old 
lion quartered for Bramhall, may have been transmitted by 
tradition, through the seventeenth century, when all the Somer- 
set Dampiers seem to have been yeomen or tenant farmers, and 
have given rise in the eighteenth century, when some of them 
began once more to emerge from obscurity, to the mistaken 
assumption of the famous coat of Dampierre — Or, a lion ram- 
pant sable. 

Several questions of interest remain. The name Reginald 
only appears in the pedigree of Davenport of Bramhall in the 
one case given above — that of the half nephew of John, the first 
of Lovington — though it occurs more often in the Warren 
family, from whom that Reginald descended. Among the 
Somerset Dampiers the only instances of the name appear to be 
those of “ Raginaldus Dampere ” of “ Brodmerston,” mentioned 
in the Lay Subsidy Roll of 1544, and “ Reginaldus Dampyr ” of 
the Kingsdon Parish Registers, who married in 1558 and died in 
1569. The two last names may well refer to father and son, 
and it seems reasonable to connect them with the Reginald 
Damport of Cheshire, who was granted lands at Haslington and 
Coppenhall in that county in 1510. This Reginald may have 
come south with his half-uncle, John Damport of Lovington, 
though no confirmatory evidence of this hypothesis has yet been 

The Kingsdon Registers show that Thomas, the son of 
Reginald, married a Joan Stroude. It is probable that this Joan 
was one of the Strodes, the Somerset branches of whom often 
spelt their name as Stroude or Strowde, and migrated about 1450 
from Dorset to Somerton, the next parish to Kingsdon. Although 
Thomas Dampier and Joan Stroude were married in 1 595, the first 
and only child recorded in the Kingsdon Registers was Thomas, 

340 Somersd (S» Dorset Notes &> Queries, 

baptized in 1603. But a John Dampier married Alice Hilborne 
at Kingsdon in 1627, and lived and died in the parish. It seems 
almost certain that this John was the elder son of Thomas and 
Joan, though no legal proof of the supposition is yet forthcoming. 
From that point the male line of the pedigree of the Dampiers 
living at Kingsdon is clear from Wills, Deeds and Registers, 
though the marriage registers of Joseph Dampier with Katherine 

about 1700, and of Christopher, who married Elizabeth 

about 1740, remain to be discovered. 

Captain William Dampier, the buccaneer, explorer and 
hydrographer, was born at East Coker in 1651. His grandfather 
William first appears in the registers of East Coker at his marriage 
with Margaret Giles in 1610. The only light on the parentage 
of this elder William is the name of his daughter, whom he 
called Agnes. Now Agnes was the name of the wife that 
Reginald married at Kingsdon in 1558. It is possible that 
William was a son of Reginald, not mentioned in the Kingsdon 
Registers, who, marrying late, or for a second time, in 1610, 
called his daughter by his mother’s name. 

Besides the doubtful points mentioned already, there 
remain to be found the exact connexion with John Damport of 
Lovington, of the Dampiers of Corfe Castle, and of the Dam- 
piers living at Blackford and afterwards at Collinshayes, from 
whom sprang Thomas Dampier, Bishop of Ely, and Sir Henry 
Dampier the Judge. The writer hopes still to pursue the inquiry 
in his somewhat scanty leisure time. Any information likely to 
throw light on the problems involved will be received by him 
most gratefully. 

Trinity College, Cambridge. W. C. D. Whetham. 

221. Whitcombe Family. — Can any reader of S. &■ D. 
N. 0 ., interested in the genealogical histories of Somerset and 
Dorset, give any information regarding this family which appears 
to have been situated at Wydecombe or Widcombe in the parish 
of Martock, Somerset, from the reign of Henry III. until the 
1 6th century ? 

Can the pedigree of six generations from Pharamus de Wid- 
combe {temp. c. Hen. III. or Edw. I.), recorded in Harl. MS. 
1451 fo. 172, be amplified, extended or continued } Or can the 
following be placed } 

1292. John de Wydecumbe of Bremel. 

1322. John de Wydecombe of Hardyngton. 

1332. William de Widecomb, Chaplain of Colbere, Dorset. 

1325-54. Walter de Wydecombe (Whitecombe), Somerset. 

1338-40. Walter de Wydecombe, Constable of Corf Castle, 

1342. Stephen and John de Wydecombe, Dorset. 

1389-1428. Richard Wydecombe, M.P. for Bath. 

Somerset & Dorset Notes & Queries, 


Edw. II. Simon Wydecombe, son of Richard Wydecombe 
and Margery his wife, heiress of Richard Nywaton of Trenalt in 

Can the derivation of the following from the (presumed) 
original stock in Somerset be traced ? 

1420- 1441. Robert Whitcoomb (Wydecombe) of Salop, 
sometime bailiff and M.P. for Salop, father of Thomas who mar- 
ried Edith, heiress of Malveysin of Berwick-Malveysin co. Salop, 
whose descendants thrived through many generations. 

1426. William Wydecombe of Winchester. 

1461. John Wydecombe, the younger, late of Mertok, 
“ yoman.” 

1463. Thomas Wydecombe, Elena his wife, Thomas his 
son — lately holding a tenement in the King’s demesne of Wyde- 
combe, Somerset. 

1505- John Wytcome of Axbrigge, Somerset (will). 

1527. John Witdecombe of Martock, gent. (will). 

1564. Edmonde Wheatecombe of Exeter, merchant (will). 

Is anything known of the relationships of Hugh Wh^tcombe 
of Sherborne, Dorset, who flourished about 1540 or of his des- 
cendants, some of whom are said to have passed into Lillington, 
Dorset ? 

Harold Arthur Whitcombe. 
“Garth,” Wylde Green, nr. Birmingham. 

222. Swinnerton-Dyer Family, continued (X. 309)— By 
E. H. Martin (Swinnerton-Dyer). 

2. Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, 2nd Baronet, son of Sir 
William Dyer, was born in 1657, and married (by licence, Vic. 
Gen. Cant., 5 Sept., 1683) Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Rowland 
Johnson, Kt., of Gray’s Inn, and had issue 

i. SwiNNERTON Dyer, ii. Sir Swinnerton Dyer, iii. Sir 
John Swinnerton Dyer, iv. William Dyer, v. Sir Thomas, 
vi. Swinnerton Dyer, i. Elizabeth Dyer, ii. Johanna Dyer, 
iii. Anne Dyer, iv. Mary Dyer. 

Chan. Proc. 89/29. 3 May, 1681. Sir John Swinnerton 

Dyer, of Tottenham High Crosse, Middlesex, Bart. Joane Swin- 
nerton, widow, grandmother of Sir John, was in 1677 seised of 
manors and lands in Dunmow, Little Eston, Gt. Birch, Little 
Birch, Stanway, Layer de laHaye, Dagenham, and Barkin, Essex ; 
houses in the parishes of St. Mary Aldermanbury, and St. Lau- 
rence Old Jewry, London ; leaving them to Sir John Swinnerton 
Dyer and his heirs, provided that Lady Thomasine Dyer should 
take the profits till Sir John Swinnerton Dyer was 22 years of age. 
The messuages at Stanway, Dagenham, Barkin, and St. Mary 
Aldermanbury and St. Laurence Old Jewry, to be for Lady 
Thomasine Dyer for life, and then to her son. Sir John Swinner- 
ton Dyer. Joane Swinnerton made her will 20 July, 1677, and 

342 Somerset Dorset Notes S> Queries. 

desired to be buried in the vault at St. Mary Aldermanbury, 
known as Sir John Swinnerton’s Vault.” She left her lands 
above mentioned to her grandson, Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, 
;^iooo each to her grand-children, William, Sarah and Johanna 
Dyer, and the residue to her daughter, Lady Thomasine Dyer, 
and ^100. 

Joane Swinnerton died shortly after making her will, and Sir 
William Dyer, in right of his wife Lady Thomasine, took posses- 
sion, but on his death in 1680, Lady Thomasine entered into the 

In her answer: ii May, 1681, Lady Thomasine Dyer states 
that her mother, Joane Swinnerton, did enjoy the above men- 
tioned messuages, though without legal right, by virtue of a will 
made by John Swinnerton before he left for the East Indies, in 
which he bequeathed to her all his estate. His will was made 
during the life time of Lady Swinnerton, Lady Thomasine Dyer’s 
grandmother, and Robert Swinnerton, her uncle. Lady Swin- 
nerton by will left her estate to Robert Swinnerton and John 
Swinnerton his brother. But both Robert and John Swinnerton 
died without issue ; therefore the lands ought to have descended 
to Lady Thomasine Dyer, as heir at law of her brother, John 
Swinnerton, and she was kept in ignorance of her legal right by 
her husband. Sir William Dyer, whose interest it was to allow her 
mother, Joane Swinnerton, to enjoy them during her life, and at 
her death to leave them to his children. As Joane Swinnerton 
did remain in possession the lands were secure from payment of 
Robert Swinnerton’s debts. 

Sir John Swinnerton Dyer is mentioned in a Chancery Pro- 
ceeding 488/19 B. 27 June, 1683. He said that Joane Swinnerton, 
of Tottenham, his grandmother, was seised of Birch Hall, Essex, 
and sold it to his father. Sir William Dyer, for £1000. Joane 
Swinnerton made her will 20 July, 1677, leaving Lady Thomasine 
Dyer, his mother, sole executrix. Her personal estate was worth 
;£io,ooo. He complains that Lady Thomasine holds certain 
property, and mentions his son-in-law, Edward Coole, and his 
grand son Abel Coole. 

From this it seems that one of his three daughters, Anne, 
Mary or Johanna, married Edward Coole. 

Sir John Swinnerton Dyer made his will 23 Oct., 1690, with 
Codicil 23 Dec., 1696, proved 7 July, 1701 (94 Dyer). He men- 
tions his property of Garretts Manor and Newton Hall, Gt. 
Dunmow and Little Easton, all in Essex and requests to be buried 
in the Vault called “ The Swinnerton Vault,” in Aldermanbury 
Church. He mentions that certain lands were the life interest of 
his mother. Lady Thomasine Dyer, but leaves all to his wife, 
Lady Elizabeth Dyer, for life, then to his son Swinnerton Dyer 
and his heirs, and failing such to his brother William Dyer 
and his heirs and ;^ioo per ann., and ;^iooo to each to his 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 


younger children. His sisters, Mrs Joane Griffith and Mrs Sarah 
Hoofc. He mentions his brother, William Dyer, and his wife ; 
his brother-in-law, Thomas Griffith ; his uncle, William Dyer, 
and his wife ; his mother-in-law, Mrs Wratton. The codicil re- 
quests that he shall be buried at Gt. Dunmow, if he dies there. 

His uncle, William Dyer, is mentioned in the will of Sir 
William Dyer, Baronet, his brother, and Mrs. Wratton was one 
of the witnesses to the marriage of her daughter, Elizabeth 

In the floor of the Chancel of Gt. Dunmow, facing the altar, 
is a stone slab with Dyer Arms and Crest, quartering Johnson. 
“ Here lyeth the body of Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, Baronet, who 
dyed ye 17 May, 1701, Aetat. suae 44 ; and here likewise is 
interred ye Body of Dame Elizabeth Dyer, who departed this life 
ye 30 May, 1727, Aetat. suae 58.” 

On a mural tablet in the Chancel is another inscription to 
Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, erected by his wife, stating he married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Rowland Johnson, by whom he had 5 sons 
and 4 daughters, all living except the eldest son, who died 17 
May, 1701, in his 24th year. 

The registers give Lady Elizabeth Dyer as buried 7 June, 
1727, aged 57, and Sir John Swinnerton Dyer as buried 21 May, 

i. Swinnerton Dyer, eldest son of Sir John Dyer was 
baptised at St. Andrew’s, Holborn, 13 Jan., 1686-7 and buried 
17 May, 1701 at Gt. Dunmow. See inscription on the tomb. 

ii. Sir Swinnerton Dyer 2nd Bart. ) 

iii. Sir John Swinnerton Dyer Bart. > of whom presently. 

V. Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer Bart. ) 

iv. William Dyer, 4th son of Sir John Swinnerton Dyer 

and Elizabeth Johnson, was baptised 24 Nov., 1693, at Gt. Dun- 
mow, Essex. He married, 31 August, 1731, by licence, 

Catherine Kempe, daughter and coheiress of John Kempe, of 
Spains Hall, Essex, and sister of Mary Kempe who was married, 
as second wife, to Sir Swinnerton Dyer, Bart. (See History of the 
Kempe family by J. Hitchin Kempe.) She was buried at Finch- 
ingfield, Essex, 28 Dec., 1732. 

He married, secondly, Susannah Bowles, and was buried 16 
August, 1741, at Finchingfield, having had issue William Dyer 
(born before his father’s marriage) and Swinnerton Dyer, the 
latter baptised at St. Thomas the Apostle, London, 10 Dec., 
1741 (posthumous), and died before 1754. 

His will, dated 7 July, 1739, proved 27 Aug., 1741, (200 
Spurway), mentions My estate at Great Dunmow to my son 
William Dyer, now held by John Barnard, of Newton Hall, 
Essex. Elder brother Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, Bart., youngest 
brother Thomas Swinnerton Dyer. He states that his wife’s 
name was Bowles, and mentions Jermingham Cheveley. He 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 

wishes to be buried at Finchingfield, and leaves his wife, Susanna 
Dyer, sole executrix. 

A Susanna Dyer is buried at St. Margaret’s, Westminster, in 
the Great Vault, 7 Ap., 1773, who may be his widow. 

i. Elizabeth Dyer, eldest daughter of Sir John Swinnerton 
Dyer, born 1687, was buried 15 Aug., 1728. On a stone slab on 
the floor of the Chancel at Gt. Dunmow is this inscription : 
“Here lyeth the Body of Elizabeth Dyer eldest daughter of Sir 
John Swinnerton Dyer, Bart., who departed this life ye loth 
Aug., 1728, in ye 42nd year of her age.” 

ii. Johanna Dyer, 2nd daughter of Sir John, was baptised 
at St. Andrew’s, Holborn, 26th August, 1690, and is described as 
born in High Holborn. 

iii. Anne Dyer, 3rd daughter of Sir John, was baptised at 
Great Dunmow 4 Jan., 1698; living 1735. 

iv. Mary Dyer, 4th daughter of Sir John, was baptised at 
Great Dunmow 21st Oct., 1701 (posthumous). 

ii. Sir Swinnerton Dyer, 2nd son, 3rd Baronet, was 
baptised at St. Andrew’s Holborn, 15 Feb., 1687/8; Admitted to 
Lincoln’s Inn 29 June, 1705, and then described as Sir Swinnerton 
Dyer, Bart., son and heir of Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, late of 
Dunmow Essex, deceased. He was Fellow of Benet’s College, 
Cambridge. He married, first, 16 Sept., 1712, at St. Benets, 
Paul’s Wharf, Anne, 4th daughter of Edward Belitha, of Kingston 
on Thames, and a stone slab in the Chancel of Gt. Dunmow 
states that she died 21 Aug. (buried 28) 1714, aged 33, leaving 
issue one child Anne Dyer. The slab records, her virtues, and 
was erected by her disconsolate husband, and speaks of her 
parents as living. She seems from the account to have been a 
noble woman. The Gt. Dunmow Registers state that Dame 
Anne Dyer \vas buried 28 Aug., 1714, died 21 Aug. He married, 
secondly, 19 Dec., 1727, at St. Paul’s, Covent Garden, Mary, 
daughter of John Kempe, of Spains Hall, Essex, and coheiress 
of her brother, John Kempe, and sister of Catherine Kempe who 
married William Dyer. 

Her will is dated 10 March, 1728, proved 23 Oct., 1730. 
(274 Auber). She is described as the sister of the late John 
Kempe, of Spain’s Hall, Essex, wife of Sir Swinnerton Dyer, Bart. 
The will mentions lands in Finchingfield, Great and Little Sam- 
ford and elsewhere in Essex, to her husband ; Sisters Katherine 
Kempe, Alice Osborne, Anne Cox, Elizabeth and Rebecca 
Kempe, the two latter to be ordered in marriage by Sir Swinnerton 
Dyer; Miss Anne Dyer, daughter of Sir Swinnerton; brothers 
(in-law) John Swinnerton Dyer, William Dyer, and Thomas Dyer ; 
friends, Mr. Henry Wood and his wife. 

Gt. Dunmow Registers, 1708, Jan. 5, Mrs Hannah Wood 
above 90 years old, ye Lady Dyer’s of Newnton Hall’s grand- 
mother, buried. 

scu i.i>'nji^i;i) cRi'isT at iaviik ton, somicrsic' 

!»» Vi. 

1 - 

1 " 


Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 


She was buried at Finchingfield, in the Kempe Chapel, beside 
her brother. There is a field about a mile from the church, 
called “ Little Dyer’s Garden.” 

I am indebted to Mr. F. Hitchin Kempe, for the following 
information. She had three brothers, Thomas and Andrew, dying 
young; John Kempe, of Spain’s Hall, whose will was proved in 
1726 ; and another sister Susan Kempe, who married Brian 

Sir Swinnerton Dyer made his will 21 Feb., 1735/6, proved 
8 Mar., 1735-6 (53 Derby). 

He mentions an Indenture dated 15 July, 1727, and makes 
his daughter, Anne, his heiress, but his estates he leaves to his 
brother. Sir John Swinnerton Dyer. He mentions his brothers, 
William and Thomas Dyer; his sister, Ann Dyer; his late wife. 
Lady Mary Dyer; and the will of herself and her brother, John 
Kempe; his cousin, Thomas Dyer, of Gray’s Inn; Jermingham 
Chevely, of Lincoln’s Inn ; Sergeant Thomas Webb ; Elizabeth 
Tymbs and her daughter. He requests his executors to erect a 
monument in the Chancel of Finchingfield, belonging to Spain’s 
Hall, in memory of his late wife, her brother and himself. He 
was buried at Finchingfield 14 Mar., 1736, in a coffin faced with 

Anne Dyer, his daughter, baptised at Finchingfield, was 
married in 1735 to Paul, youngest son of Edmund Whitehead, of 
Castle Yard, Holborn, who was baptised 6 Feb., 1718. Anne 
Dyer was buried at Twickenham, where a mural tablet is erected 
in the church. She had a fortune of ;^io,ooo, but did not sur- 
vive her marriage many weeks. 

Of Paul Whitehead much has been written, so I will only 
give a short account of his life. The writer has a print by Collyer 
of him, taken from a portrait by Gainsborough in 1776. He was 
a student of one of the Inns of Court. He wrote “ State 
Dunces,” published 1733, “A Friendly Epistle,” 1738, ‘‘Man- 
ners,” 1739, “The Gymnasiad,” 1744, “ Honour,” 1747, “Epistle 
to Dr. Thompson,” 1755. He was one of the Franciscan 
Monks of Medmenham Abbey, Deputy Treasurer of the Cham- 
ber. Captain Edward Thompson collected his poems and mis- 
cellaneous compositions, and wrote a history of his life, dedi- 
cated to Lord le Despenser. He is mentioned in “ Strange 
Pages from Family Papers,” by Sir T. Thiselton-Dyer. He died 
30 Dec., 1774, and on his monument in the Church of West 
Wycombe, Bucks, is an inscription written by Garrick : 

“ Here lies a man misfortune could not bend, 

“ Praised as a poet, honoured as a friend. 

“ Though his youth kindled with the love of fame 
“ Within his bosom glow’d a brighter flame. 

“ When’er his friends, with sharp afflictions bled 
“ And from the wounded deer, the herd was fled, 

346 Somerset 6- Dorset Notes Queries, 

Whitehead stood forth, the healing balm applied, 

“ Nor quitted their distresses — till he died.” 

His heart, bequeathed to Lord le Despenser, was deposited 
in an urn in the church, 16 Aug., 1775, inscribed 
“ Unhallowed hands this urn forbear. 

“No gems nor orient spoils lie here concealed, 

“ But what’s more rare 
“ A heart that knew no guile,” 

The heart was stolen from the church in 1829. 

iii. Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, 4th Baronet, 3rd son of 
Sir John Swinnerton Dyer. He never married, and was buried 
at Finchingfield ist Feb., 1754. By his will, dated 4 Ap., 1750, 
proved 29 July, 1758, (213 Hutton), he leaves all his estate to his 
brother, Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, and makes him executor. 
He wrote the will himself. John Hammond is witness. Hele 
Dyer mentions in 1759 Esther Hammond as his cousin ; and the 
late Baroness von Zandt leaves her Ovington property to her 
cousin, Emma Elizabeth Hammond. 

V. Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, 5th son and 5th Baronet, 
was baptised at Gt. Dunmow, 12 March, 1695, having been born 
on the 4th March. He inherited all the estates of his brother 
and cousin, and possessed property in the parish of St. John the 
Evangelist, Westminster, where he lived. He was executor to 
the wills of his cousin, Hele Dyer, and his brother. Sir John 
Swinnerton Dyer. In 1760, Sir Thomas sold the Manor of Spain’s 
Hall to Samuel Ruggles-Brice, Esq. 

He married, by licence, 25 Sept., 1735, at St. Margaret’s, 
Westminster, Elizabeth, daughter of Major Jones. Her marriage 
settlement is dated 18 Sept., 1735. 

Lady Elizabeth Dyer made her will 13 Jan., 1777, which was 
proved by her husband, 6 Aug., 1777 (348 Collyer). 

She mentions an Indenture i8 Sept., 1735, previous to her 
marriage, and an Indenture i Jan., 1769. All her real and per- 
sonal estate to her daughter Elizabeth. The lands in Kensington, 
formerly the estate of her grandfather, Edward Starkie, to her 
husband for life, then to her son, Thomas Dyer, and his heirs. 
An Indenture dated i Sept., 1738, mentions the estate of her late 
mother, Mrs. Jones. 

Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer’s will is dated 13 Jan., 1777, 
proved 9 Oct., 1780 (468 Collins). He is described as of the 
parish of St. John Evangelist, and mentions a deed of settlement 
with my now wife. Dame Elizabeth, dated 18 Sept., 1735, He 
also mentions his daughter, Elizabeth Dyer; the estate in War- 
wickshire, to which he is entitled on the death of Elizabeth 
Heathcote, widow devised by his late cousin, Hele Dyer ; his two 
sons, John Swinnerton Dyer and Thomas Dyer; his grandson, 
Thomas Richard Swinnerton Dyer, and his grand-daughter, 
Eleanor Dyer, the two children of his son, John Swinnerton 

Somerset S* Dorset Notes Queries. 


Dyer ; his grandsons, Richard Swinnerton Dyer, Thomas Swin- 
nerton Dyer, John Dyer, Edward Dyer, and grand-daughter, 
Maria Elizabeth Charlotte Dyer, children of his son Thomas 
Dyer. He also refers to his son, John Swinnerton Dyer, an 
officer in the Coldstream Guards, who lately went on service to 
America, and mentions a Bond, dated 14 Nov., 1768, between 
his two sons ; also Thomas Dyer’s wife, now deceased. 

The name of his first wife has not been ascertained. 

Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer had issue A. Sir John Swin- 
nerton Dyer, b. Thomas Dyer, c. William Dyer, a. Eliza- 
beth Dyer. 

A. Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, 6th Baronet, was baptised 
at Finchingfield 30 Nov., 1738. He inherited Newton Hall, 
Essex, from his father, and also the London property of his 
ancestors, the Swinnertons, in St. Mary Aldermanbury, St. 
Laurence Jewry, and Tottenham. He was Colonel in the Foot 
Guards, and Groom of the Bed chamber to the Prince of Wales, 
afterwards George III. He was a great friend of H.R.H. the 
Prince of Wales, to whom it is stated he lent ;^8o,ooo which 
was not repaid. He sold the estate of Newton Hall. In 1792 
Mrs. Frances Harries, sister and coheiress of Gilbert Fleming, 
Esq., of Sibdon Castle, co. Salop, and Lady of the Manor of 
Westhope, left him all her estate, real and personal, and appoint- 
ed him sole executor. (26 Dodwell). He married 9 December, 
1761, at St. Vedast, Foster Lane, Susannah, daughter of Henry 
Vicary, of Windsor, who, with Elizabeth Dyer, were witness to 
his marriage. She died 7 April, 1773, and was buried at St. 
Margaret’s, Westminster. 

Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, from an account in his obituary 
notice, was a man of very amiable manners and kind affections. 
He had become seriously ill since the death of his only brother, 
Thomas Dyer, of Park St., and the absence of his son in Egypt 
accentuated his illness. He died suddenly 21 Mar., 1801. A 
letter, extant at Sibdon Castle, refers to his death. 

His will is dated 22 Sept., 1790, with two codicils, 12 July, 
1792, and 19 Mar., 1801 ; proved 21 July, 1801. (425 Aber- 

crombie). He mentions his daughter, Eleanor Dyer, his brother, 
Thomas Dyer, of Park Street ; his friend, Robert Welsh ; his 
sister Elizabeth Dyer ; and gives all his lands, estate real and 
personal, to his son, Thomas Richard Swinnerton Dyer, for ever. 

He was buried in the Chancel Vault at Aldermanbury, 28 
Mar , 1801. A brass tablet to his memory is in Westhope 

He had issue a. Thomas Richard Swinnerton Dyer, 
a. Elizabeth Mary Dyer, b. Eleanor Dyer, c. Elizabeth 

a. Sir Thomas Richard^ Swinnerton Dyer, 7th Baronet, 
only son of Sir John Swinnerton Dyer. 

348 Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

He was baptised at St. John Evangelist, Westminster, i 5 Mar., 
1768, (born 5 Feb.). He lived principally at his country estate, 
Ovington Park, Hants, inherited through his wife. He also had a 
house in Clarges St., Piccadilly, and inherited the Westhope 
Estate, of which he was Lord of the Manor, and the London pro- 
perty from his father. He was Colonel in the Foot Guards, 
Equerry to H.R.H. the Duke of Kent, and H.R.H. the Duke of 
Cumberland. He was A.D.C. to Sir Ralph Abercromby in the 
expedition to Egypt, A.D.C. to Sir John Moore, and was present 
at his death at Corunna. Lieut-General in the Spanish Army 
and for his generosity received the name of “ Father of the 
Unfortunate Spaniards.” He paid frequent visits to Westhope, 
and only a few years ago, were living two persons, who remem- 
bered him and his wife, one being his groom. He seems to have 
been of a nature given to great generosity, and in 1904, there was 
living at Ovington an old man, aged 80 years, who remembered 
the head shepherd saying to him on the day of Sir Thomas 
Richard’s death “ Eh ! Dad, it be all over in Ovington now, for 
Sir Thomas be dead ! ” 

He married 14 April, 1814, at South Stoneham, Hants, 
Elizabeth only child and heiress of James Standerwicke, of 
Ovington Park. (Marriage Licence, Hants, ii April). He left no 
issue, and was succeeded in the Baronetcy by his cousin Sir 
Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, son of Thomas Dyer, of Park Street. 

He died 6 April, 1838, in Clarges Street, and was buried at 
Ovington, and a large tomb of Portland Stone, in the shape of a 
casket, marks his burial place — with this inscription — 

“ Sacred to the memory of the good and benevolent Sir 
Thomas Richard Swinnerton Dyer, Baronet, who departed this 
life i2th April, 1838. He was Lieutenant-General in the British 
and Spanish Forces, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Her- 
meneceldo and Isabella la Catolica, formerly Equerry to George, 
Prince of Wales, and Ernest, Duke of Cumberland. The friend 
of Edward Duke of Kent, and General Sir Ralph Abercromby, to 
whomhe was Aide -de-Champ at the Battle of Alexandria in Egypt. 
He had filled many important situations with credit to himself 
and honour to his country. He was just, honoured, and full of 
mercy and kindness. His charity was unbounded, especially to- 
wards the Spanish Refugees, who, grateful for his generosity, 
gave him the noble designation of Father of the unfortunate 
Spaniards. But he was more, he was the friend of all mankind, 
sorrow’s tears were dried, and poverty fled at his approach. His 
wife. Dame Elizabeth, of Ovington, who best knew his worth and 
most justly appreciates his virtues erects this tomb as a memorial 
of her affection and gratitude.” 

He certainly deserved the inscription. On the other side of 
the tomb are the Dyer arms and crest, impailing those of his 
wife. There is a brass tablet erected to his memory in the 

Somerset Dorset Notes cS> Queries. 349 

Church of Westhope, and a stained glass window in Ovington 
Park of his coat of arms. 

His will is dated 14 June, 1833, proved 10 May, 1838. (309 

Nicholl). He leaves all his estates to his wife. 

Lady Elizabeth Dyer, his widow, married, secondly^ at Oving- 
ton, Hants, 30 May, 1839, Frederic, Baron von Zandt, Chamber- 
lain to the King of Bavaria, of Seehof Castle, Memmels- 
dorf, Bavaria, but he died suddenly at Seehof, 5 March, 1842, 
and lies buried at Memmelsdorf, near Bamburg, in the vault of 
the von Zandt family. His will is dated 8 May, 1840, proved 
4 Ap., 1842. He leaves all his property to his wife. He paid 
more than one visit to his wife’s Shropshire property, and was a 
donor of various gifts to the Church of Westhope. 

Baroness Elizabeth von Zandt was born in 1780 at Highbury 
Place, Islington. She was the only child of James and Elizabeth 
Standerwicke, and the eventual heiress of the former to the estate 
of Ovington Park, Hants, and the Ovington property in London. 
She was well known at Westhope, and gave several gifts to the 
church, amongst others a year for 12 evening services to be 
held there. In latter years she resided at Seehof Castle, and 
died there 27 May, 1864, and was buried 31 May, 1864, in a 
grave by the side of her second husband. The inscription en- 
graved gives “ Baroness Elizabeth von Zandt, widowed Lady 
Dyer, nee von Standerwicke, born 1780, died 27 May, 1864, at 
Seehof, Lady Propriator of Seehof and Ovington Park in England, 
aged 84.” A brass is erected to her in Westhope Church. She 
left no issue, and the heir to Seehof was Walther, Baron von 
Zandt, a relative of Baron Frederic. 

Her will is dated 18 May, 1863, codicil 8 Mar., i860, proved 
9 July, 1864. P.C.C. She leaves the London Dyer property, 
Bank-Chambers, Tokenhouse Yard, Fenchurch Street, Mark 
Lane, Star Alley, Dyer’s Court, lands in Aldermanbury, Thames 
Street and Brompton, Pimlico, Kingsland Road and Kent Road 
to Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, R.A., 9th Baronet, and his 
heirs ; the Dyer property of the Manor of Westhope, and all 
lands in Shropshire, to Captain Henry Clement Swinnerton Dyer, 
Royal Artillery, 2nd son of Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer; the 
lands in Thames Street and Silver Street, London, to Thomas 
Richard, son of Captain Edward Dyer, (descendant of Edward 
Dyer, 4th son of Sir Thomas Dyer, 5th Bart.) ; No. 4, Park Place, 
St. James’s Westminster, to Peter Dickson for life, then to Sir 
Thomas Swinnerton Dyer ; Malden, Essex, to his kinsman William 
Hammond ; Ovington Park, Itchen Stoke, Titchborne Beau- 
worth in Hampshire, to Emma Elizabeth Hammond, daughter of 
Mrs. Emma Hammond, widow, her cousin, and messuages in 
Albemarle Street, Grillions Hotel, Clarges Street Mansion, all 
contents of the house to her cousin. She mentions her cousin, 
Sarah Ayres; Mrs. Frances Gamlen, widow of Charles Arthur 


Somerset Dorset Notes S> Queries. 

Gamlen (who was Frances Dyer) ; Mary Dyer, late of Park Street, 
now of Brighton, Essex; servants, Faith Stopford and Jane 
Smith, Stewart Samuel, Henry Theodore Burchillow, her bailiff 
Benjamin Blunden, coachman James Mercer. Emma Elizabeth 
Hammond to have all real and personal estate. Legacies to 
Baroness Caroline von Zandt, daughter of General Maximilian 
von Zandt, of Wurzburg, Bavaria. Killingworth Hedges, and 
Secretary, Henry Joseph Shenrick. 

a. Elizabeth Mary Dyer, eldest daughter of Sir John 
Swinnerton Dyer, and Lady Susanna, was born 26 Sept., 1762, 
and baptised 25 Oct., 1762, at St. John Evangelist, Westminster, 
and buried in the Chapel Vault at St. Margaret’s, Westminster, 
12 Feb., 1773. 

b. Eleanor Dyer, 2nd daughter, born 27 June, 1769, 
baptised at St. John Evangelist, Westminster, 27 July, 1769, 
buried in the Dyer Vault at St. Margaret’s, Westminster, 20 
Feb., 1821. 

c. Elizabeth Dyer, 3rd daughter, born 26 Sept., 1770, bap- 
tised at St. John Evangelist 24 Oct., 1770, buried at St. Margaret’s, 
Westminster, 2 Dec., 1773. 

c. William Dyer, 3rd son of Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, 
Baronet, was baptised at Finchingfield 18 July, 1748, and buried 
there 3 Jan., 1749. 

A. Elizabeth Dyer, only daughter of Sir Thomas Swinner- 
ton Dyer, Baronet, was baptised at Finchingfield 9 Dec., 1740. 
She was one of the witnesses to her brother’s marriage. She 
died unmarried at Clarges Street 14 March, 1826. aged 86, and 
was buried in the Dyer Vault at St. Margaret’s, Westminster. 

B. Thomas Dyer, of Park St., London, (2nd son of Sir 
Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, Baronet,) was baptised at Finching- 
field 4 July, 1744. He married, by licence at St. Margaret’s, 
Westminster, 29 Nov., 1768, Mary, daughter of Richard Smith, 
and widow of James Berney, of Barbadoes, (see Smith-Gordon, 
Bart.) Her marriage settlement is dated 25 Nov., 1768. He 
had issue a. Richard Swinnerton Dyer, b. Sir Thomas 
Swinnerton Dyer, 8th Baronet, c. Sir John Dyer, K.C.B., 
d. Edward Dyer, e. Maria Elizabeth Charlotte Dyer. 

Mary Dyer died in August, 1775, and her will is dated 7 July, 
1769, and proved 6 Sept., 1775. (340 Alexander). She is de- 

scribed as of James Street, Westminster, mentions her marriage 
settlement, dated 25 Nov., 1768, between Thomas Dyer, of the 
Treasury, Mary Dyer, widow of James Berney, John Robinson of 
Appleby, Westmorland, The Rev^^- Richard Smith, Vicar of 
Islington, John Swinnerton Dyer, of St. John Evangelist, West- 
minster. She leaves the furniture plate, etc., belonging to her 
former husband to her present husband, Thomas Dyer, and 
speaks of her son, Robert Berney, and daughters, Dorothy 
Elizabeth Berney and Mary Eleanor Berney, and her father 
Richard Smith. 

Somerset &> Dorset Notes S* Queries. 351 

Thomas Dyer married, secondly, 9 Nov., 1779, at St. Maryle» 
bone, London, Maria Laetitia, daughter of Colonel Archibald 
Grant, of Manchester Square, London, and Pittencrieff, and had 
further issue. 

f. Archibald Dyer, g. Frances Dyer, and h. Mary Anne 

His will is dated 5 May, 1795, Codicil 8 Aug., 1798, proved 
19 Sept., 1800 (656 Adderley), and he is described as of Park St., 
in the parish of St. Margaret’s, Westminster. He requests his 
body to be buried in the Vault of the said parish where his late 
son, Richard Swinnerton Dyer, was buried. He mentions his 
wife, Marie Laetitia Dyer; his three eldest sons Thomas 
Swinnerton Dyer, John Dyer, and Edward Dyer ; an indenture 
25 Nov., 1768, in the names of John Robinson, and his brother. 
Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, Bart., his first wife, Mary Dyer, then 
Mary Berney ; the sons of Richard Smith, merchant, deceased, 
“ father of my late wife ” ; and Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, 
Bart., his father. By his late marriage he had issue Richard 
Swinnerton Dyer, Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, John Dyer, Edward 
Dyer, and Maria Elizabeth Charlotte Dyer. He also mentions 
his brother. Sir John Swinnerton Dyer, Bart, and his friends, 
John Martin Leake, Esq., of the Treasury, William Mitford, 
Esq., of the Treasury, and Murray Forbes of Gerrard St., Soho ; 
the children of his present wife, Archibald Dyer, Frances Dyer, 
and Mary Anne Dyer ; his sister, Elizabeth Dyer ; his nephew, 
Thomas Richard Swinnerton Dyer ; his niece, Eleanor Dyer ; his 
friends, Bryan Broughton, Esq., of the Treasury, and Thomas 
Cotton, of Manchester Square. 

Maria Laetitia Dyer died i Dec., and was buried 10 Dec., 
1840, at St. Margaret’s, Westminster, aged 87. 

a. Richard Swinnerton Dyer, son of Thomas Dyer of 
Park Street, was born 17 Sept,, baptised 14 Oct., 1769, and was 
buried 24 Dec., 1794, in the Great Vault at St. Margaret’s, 

b. Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer, 8th Baronet, and second 
son of Thomas Dyer, of Park St., was born 6 October, and 
baptised 5 November, 1770, at St. Margaret’s, Westminster. He 
entered the Navy at the age of 12 years, arid was present at the 
relief of Gibralter. He was in Lord Howe’s partial action with 
the combined Fleet of France and Spain. He served on the 
shore at the occupation of Toulon, August, 1793 and early in the 
following year contributed to the reduction of Corsica, where he 
landed at the taking of the Tower of Martella. He witnessed the 
capture and destruction of the French frigates, Minerva and 
Fortune. Whilst in the same ship, besides participating in 
Hotham’s action 13 July, 1795, boarded and assisted in bringing 
out of Tunis Bay the French vessels Nemesis of 28 guns and 
Sardine of 22 guns. On the renewal of hostilities he joined, 5 


Somerset &• Dorset Notes Queries. 

July, 1803, the Sea Fencibles at Rye, in Sussex, where he re- 
mained until appointed 3 July, 1805, first Lieutenant of Vesuvius 
bomb, in command of Captain John Lilicrap. In November, 
1805, meditating an attack on the flotilla in Boulogne Roads, 
Rear-Admiral Sir W. S. Smith, then Commander of the British 
Squadron off Dover, issued a general notification expressive of 
the intention of the Government to reward any actual bravery 
that might be performed, during the approaching operations. In 
consequence of this announcement, he volunteered the command 
of a gunboat of nine hands, and presently had the good fortune, 
at a distance of 4J miles from the Squadron, to blow up by means 
of a carcass expressly prepared, and in the centre of 26 of the 
enemies’ vessels, one of the only two that were destroyed, upon 
that occasion. Yet although six of his men had been wounded, 
he received no other acknowledgment for his very gallant exploit 
than that of being personally complimented by the Rear-AdmiraL 

Sir Thomas Swinnerton Dyer married at St. Margaret’s, 
Westminster, ii April, 1814, (licence Faculty Office 4th April) 
Mary, daughter of John Davis. He resided at Swinnerton Lodge, 
Dartmouth, and died there 27 Nov., 1854, and was buried at 
Dartmouth, 27 Mar., 1854. 

His will is dated 9 Sept., 1853, proved 12 Dec., 1854. He 
leaves all his pictures to his daughter, Matilda Dyer, and mentions 
a son, Richard Thomas. He left with other issue, Matilda 
Dyer, his youngest child, who was married 31 Jan., 1857, to E. 
R. Davy, of Pilton. His widow died in 1855, and he was 
succeeded by his nephew. 

{To he continued.) 

223. Suits-at-Law Concerning Church Bells in 
Somerset. — 

Priddy. (Chancery Suit, James L, P.8/27, lasted 1613). 

Richard Purdye, of Glaston, bellfounder, states that four 
years since he had agreed with Thomas Allen alias Clipson, of 
Priddy, husbandman, then Churchwarden of the parish and since 
deceased, for the recasting of one of the bells of Priddy Church, 
at a charge of £16. The work was completed, but Henry Socke, 
of Glaston, husbandman, who held the bond and money in trust, 
had refused to deliver up either Purdye’s bond or the money due 
to him. 

Banwell. (Chancery Suit, James L, P. 10/3 ii, dated 1615). 

Richard Purdi, of Glaston, bellfounder, complains that about 
three years since John Payne and Thomas Sawyer, then church- 
wardens of Banwell, had agreed with plaintiff for the casting of a 
bell for Banwell Church, but had detained plaintiff’s bond after 
the work was done. Payne and Sawyer answer that plaintiff was 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


to be paid for casting the first bell of their church, and 30/- 
more for the addition of 30 lbs of metal. Plaintiff had promised 
to bring the bell back to Banwell but had not performed this 
part of the agreement, so that the bell was fetched “by the space 
of two miles ” at the cost of the parish. The churchwardens had 
paid the £'^ and 30/-, and “ because the complt : was a poore 
man had paid over and above the said thirty shillings five markes 

Huish. (Chancery Suit, Charles I., P. 84/13. Date missing). 

Richard Purdew, of Glastonbury, bellfounder, had seven 
years since agreed with John Goodwyn and Thomas Treasurer, 
Churchwardens of the parish of Huish, “to new cast and frame” 
the first and fourth bells of their church at a cost of £$, and for 
“ new making of those two bells in tune w*^ thother two bells of 
the same parish.” The largest bell had formerly been cast by 
Robert Wyseman, a bellfounder, who reported its weight to be 
19 cwt. Purdew prepared his mould for a bell of this weight but 
on the arrival of the bell from Huish it was found to weigh but 
1652 lbs. Eventually, by agreement with the churchwardens, 
240 lbs. of metal were added to the larger of the two bells and 
50 lbs. to the smaller. And afterwards the treble bell was found 
to be “ too bigge in tune,” so that the churchwardens employed 
some person “ to take away the bryme of that bell whereby he 
was in tune w‘^ the rest.” Goodwyn and Treasurer are charged 
with having refused to deliver up Purdue’s bond or pay for the 
surplus metal. 

Closworth. (Chancery Suit, Charles I., P. 71/23. Dated 
17 Feb., 1634). 

Plaintiff, Richard Purdue, of Stoford, Somerset, bellfounder, 
complains that two years since he had agreed with John 
Samwaies, of Closeworth, yeoman, one of the churchwardens 
there, for the casting of one of the bells of the parish church, 
which was crazed and broken. Plaintiff was to be paid at the 
rate of 13/4 for every hundred casting, and I2d. per lb. for all 
metal added. The suit concerns the bond. Plaintiff states that 
he is a “ stranger in those partes.” 

Walton. (Court of Requests. Chas. I. Bundle 10. Dated 1636). 

Richard Purdie, of Glaston, bellfounder, sues George Withie, 
Roger Clap, William Roe, and Laurence Sale concerning the 
casting of three bells for Walton Church. 

Wincanton. (Court of Requests. Chas. I. Bund. 65. Dated 1638.) 

Richard Purdue of Stoford, bellfounder, sues Benjamin Lewis, 
gen., and Edward Coles, yeoman, both of Wincanton, and 
George Wythey, Thomas Purdue, John Perkins, Thomas Serieant, 
John Brooke, and Agnes Brewer, concerning the casting in 1636 



Somerset Dorset Notes <§» Queries. 

of two bells for Wincanton Church, the defendants, Lewis and 
Coles, being then churchwardens of the parish. 

Yeovil. (Court of Requests. Chas. I. Bundle 39. Dated 1640). 

PDintifF, Richard Purdue, of Stoford, bellfounder, had in 
Nov., 12 Charles I, made an agreement with Samuell Seward, 
D.D., vicar of Yevell, and Christopher Allombridge and Gregory 
Reynolds, the churchwardens of the same parish, by which the 
vicar and churchwardens were within seven days to unhang from 
the tower of Yevell church the greatest bell, and carry the same 
to plaintiffs casting pit in the borough of Stoford, and bring 
such labour as was necessary to load the bell “upon such cart, 
plough or other carriage as should be brought to the west doore of 
the said Tower,” and deliver 500 lbs. of metal for recasting the 
bell. And in Oct., 13 Charles I, plaintiff had another agreement 
with Seward, Reynolds, and Thomas Marsh, the two last being 
then churchwardens, also concerning the carriage of the bell, 
which (plaintiff states) after the recasting had been wilfully 
broken by the churchwardens in order to defraud plaintiff of the 
money due to him. [The document is mutilated.] 

F. J. Pope. 

224. Badgworth. — In the Index to the Charters and Rolls 
in the Department of Manuscripts British Museum^ edited by Henry 
J. Ellis and [the late] Francis B. Bickley, Vol. I. {Index 
Locorum) 1900, is the following entry relating to Badgworth, 
Somerset : — 

Grants, etc. in 1308. Add. 6501 (Bageworth) ; — 1363. Add. 
6504 (Northebageworth) ; — 1375- Add. 6505 (Baggeworth); — 
1381. Harl. 48 A. 24; — 1398. Add. 6507 (Nethyrbaggeworth) ; 
— 1428. Add. 6509, 6510 1440. Add. 6511 ; — 1518. Add. 6513 ; 

— 1533. Add. 6514, 6515. 

Court-Rolls, 1602-4. Add. 26507. 

Persona. Will, atte Forde. i375.Add. 6505. 

Rector. John Penvin, 1589. Add. 6516. 

In the same Index Badgeworth (with an e) co. Glouc., is given 
as Begewordia c. 1150, and Beggeworth, 1434; while Bedgbury 
CO. Kent, appears as Begcebyra in 814, and as Beggeberi and 
Beggere between 1278 and 1327, H.W.U. 

225. Somersetshire Quarter Sessions : — “ Bath Sss®- 
Anno, secundo R.R’s Jacobi 2d, 1686.” 

“ Homage ffees payeable to his Ma’ties Servants in his progresse.” 

“ To the Gent’men Ushers daily wayters . . , . v li. 

To the Gent. Ushers of privie Chamber . . . . vli. 

To ye Gent. Ushers qr wayters . . . . . . . . xx s. 

To ye Serjeants att Armes Ixvj s. viij d. 

To ye Knt. harbeng’rs . . . . . . . . xvj s. viij d. 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


To ye Sewers of the Chamb’s 

. . . . XX s. 

To ye Groomes of the Chamb’s . . 

XX s. 

To ye Yeomen Harbengers 

. . . . XX s. 

To ye Porters att the Gate 

XX s. 

To ye Knt. Marschall 

XX s. 

To ye Yeomen of the mouth 

. . . . XXXX s. 

To ye Serjeant and office of ye Trumpetts 

Ixxvj s. viij d. 

To ye wardrobe 

. . XXX vj s. viij d. 

To ye Surveyor of ye wayes 

XX s. 

To ye Closset Keeper 

. . . . X s. 

To ye ffootmen 

. . . . xl s. 

To ye Coachmen 

X s. 

To ye yeomen of the feild. . 

X s. 

To ye yeomen Ushers 

XX s. 

To the Pages of the Chamb’ 

X s. 

Totall 36 li 6 s. 8 d. 

Pd to ye high sheriife out of this County Stock p. ordinen 


It is payeable on the Progresse once only in a Kinges or 
Queenes Reigne.” Alfred Jas. Monday. 

226. Almshouse in Wells. — The Calendar of Patent 
Rolls, recently issued, [P.R. Hen. vi. 1436-41, p. 187] contains 
the following licence : — 

1438, July 10, Westminster. Licence at the request of John 
Stafford, bishop of Bath and Wells, and chancellor of England, 
for the dean and chapter of the Cathedral Church of St. Andrew 
in Wells to acquire in mortmain lands and rents, not held in 
chief, to the value of 40 marks a year, to support a chaplain to 
celebrate divine service in a hospital called the “ Almessehous,” 
lately erected at Wellys in honour of Our Saviour and the Virgin 
his mother, for the good estate of the King and of the said bishop 
and for their souls after death, for the souls of their parents and 
progenitors, of Nicholas Bubbewith, late bishop of the place, of 
the parents and benefactors of the present bishop, and of all the 
faithful departed ; also to maintain 24 poor persons in the same 
hospital to pray for the same estate and souls. 

227. Miss Elizabeth Charter and the Poet Crabbe. 
— (X. 309). Elizabeth Charter was born at Lychfield in Bishops 
Lydiard, and died at the age of 78, on ist June, i860, at Norton, 
Fitzwarren, near Taunton, Somerset. She was a very clever and 
well educated woman, greatly loved by her relations, but never 

Harbybrowe^ Worcester Park, Surrey. N. J. Highmore. 

356 Somerset & Dorset Notes Queries. 

228. Warry Family. — Can any reader of S. &»D.N. Q. 

supply information as to the period when this branch of the 
Somerset family of (de la) Warre changed the final e tojy, or if 
the name is thus spelt in any parish other than West Coker prior 
to 1697 ? C.K.W. 

229. George Adlam and Sarah Bennett. — I wish to find 
the marriage of George Adlam and Sarah Bennett, and will give 
a reward of five shillings for the same. It occurred before 
1771 and probably after 1737, and probably in North or Central 
Dorset or in Wilts in the neighbourhood of Tollard Royal. 

Wilbarston, Market Harborough. W. C. G. Goddard. 

230. The Old Chapel of Plush, Dorset.— An illus- 

tration is here given of the old church, or rather chapel, of Plush, 
Dorset, annexed to the Vicarage of Buckland Newton. It was 
situated on a picturesque Knoll, about three-quarters of a mile 
north-east of the present building, and its site is marked on the 
Ordnance map of 1811. The old chapel, which had fallen into 
decay, was pulled down in 1847, materials worked into a 

new building, erected nearer the hamlet, and on a much larger 
scale. The architect was Mr. Benjamin Ferrey, and the chapel, 
when completed, was consecrated by Bishop Denison in 1848. 
The Font was transferred from the old building to the new. 
The present illustration is taken from a water-colour, by the late 
Mr. Charles Miller, of Plush House, from a sketch by the late 
Mrs. William Colfox, of Bridport, and it came into the hands of 
Canon Ravenhill about the year 1870, who has kindly lent it to 
S. D. N . Q. Possibly no other view of the chapel is in 

existence. Some further account of Plush, with an illustration 
of the new chapel, may be seen in Home News (a local Parish 
Magazine) vol. i., p. 103. 


231. The Canterbury and York Society. — Our atten- 
tion has been called to the work of the Canterbury and York 
Society, of which the Bishop of Salisbury is a vice-president, and 
which for the last three years has been engaged in printing early 
Episcopal registers. So far, the dioceses of Canterbury, Lincoln, 
Hereford, Carlisle and Rochester have been dealt with by such 
experts as Canon Capes and the Rev. W. H. Frere, and several 
others are in contemplation, while it is hoped to turn attention 
to Salisbury and Bath and Wells in due course. It is difficult to 
exaggerate the interest and importance of the contents of these 
documents, and on this ground as well as on that of the desir- 
ability of printing registers which are liable to loss through 
various causes, the Society looks for increased support. The 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries. 


annual subscription is one guinea, and full information will be 
sent by the Hon. Secs., 124, Chancery Lane. 

232. Rev. Thomas Cole. — He was educated at Eton, and 

at Queen’s College, Cambridge, and on his admission to the 
latter in 1745 is termed Dorsetensis.'’^ In 1763 he became Vicar 
of Dulverton, till his death in 1796, at Westminster. What was 
his parentage, and where was he buried ? W.P.C. 

233. Dorset Recoveries. (VI. pp. 14, 116, 164, 213, 254, 
314, 343, VII. 17, 59, 107, 144, 196, 250, 298, 338, VIII. 8, 55, 
127, 164, 252, 323, IX. 44, 84, 122, 165, 209, 263, 312, 364, X. 
36, 116, 158, 223, 260, 333.)— 

Charles II’s Reign (continued). 

\ — William East, gen., v. Richard S wither, gen . — 
j A messuage & 19 acres in Alderholt alias 
Cranborne Alderholte. (Vouchee, Robert 
Fish, gen.) 

— John Ironside, Esq., Arthur Fowle, Esq., Wil- 
liam Smyth, gen., Daniel Bryant, gen., 
Thomas Bryant, gen., v. John Sweete, <B- 
Andrew Loder, gen. — 2 messuages & 230 
acres in East Axnaller, Beaminster, Maiden 
Newton, & Chilfroome. 

\ —John Bradropp, Esq., Richard Bradropp, Esq., 
i William Chaffin, Esq., v. Edward Law- 
rence, gen. — Manor of Turneworth & Thorne- 
combe, & 18 messuages, & 1200 acres, Free 
Warren, View of Frankpledge, there & in 
Sturmister Newton Castle, Ockford Eskil- 
ling, Brookham, Shakeham, & Okeden. 
(Vouchee, Christopher Twiniho. 

I — Edward Boovey v. Richard Onslow. — 2 mes- 
/ suages & 400 acres in Broadway. (Vouchee, 
Nicholas Gould.) 

Hil. 34th & 35th } — Thomas Mompesson, Knt., v. William Ashton, 
j gen. — Manor of Sandwiche alias Swanwich 









years — 45 



& 20 messuages, i watermill, & 380 acres 
there and in Langton Matravers, Corfe 
Castle, Ullwill, & Herston in Isle of Pur- 
beck. (Vouchees, George Mompesson, gen., 
& Elizabeth his wife, who call Roger Mom- 

— Francis Capelin, gen., v. Nicholas Ingram, gen., 
6* Thomas Coffen, gen. — Manor of Shapwick 
alias Winterfeild Champane & 30 messuages 


Somerset &> Dorset Notes Queries. 

I watermill & 1240 acres there and in Stur- 
minster Marshall, Spettisbury, Charleton 
Marshall, Wimborne Minster, Kingston, & 
Badbury. (Vouchee, Joseph Hussey, Senior, 
Esq., who calls his son and heir Joseph 
Hussey, Junior, Esq.) 

Trin. 35th year ) —James Dewy, gen., v. John Carpenter, gen., 

80 t John Blundell, gen. — A messuage & 50 acres 

in Melbury Abbas. (Vouchee, Antony 
Murrell, who calls Thomas Murrell.) 

Ditto ) — Andrew Loder, gen., Thomas Delacourt v. 

3 / William Bragg, Esq., &> Edward Drew, clerk. 

— 5 messuages & 100 acres in parish of Lyme 
Regis. (Vouchee, Frances Alford, gen.) 

Ditto ) — Robert Bird, gen., v. Thomas Skinner, gen . — 

98 j Site of the manor of Develish alias Dewlish 

& 2 messuages, i pigeoncot, and 725 acres 
there & in Chesilborne Parva, Puddle 
Towne, Torpudle alias Tolpudle, & Turners 

Ditto > — John Hoskins, Esq., v. John Hill, gen. — 3 

1 61 j messuages & 78 messuages in Wymborne 

Mynster, Chilbridge, and Leigh. (Vouchees, 
Francis Hill, Junior, gen., & Elizabeth his 

Mich. 35th year J — Francis Symes, gen., &> Stephen Hallett, gen., 

12 J Richard Kettilhy, gen., &> Christopher 

Bettesworth, gen. — 2 messuages & 43 acres 
in Melplash, East Melplash, & Netherbury. 
(Vouchees, Arthur Symes & Elizabeth his 

Ditto ) — William Way, gen., & John Spencer, gen., v. 

13 j Richard KetUlby, gen., Thomas Nossiter, 

gen. — 4 messuages in Dorchester. (Vouchee, 
Ferdinando Gibbs, gen.) 

Ditto 7 — John Browne, gen., Thomas Atwood, gen., v. 

225 j William Smith, gen., &> William Porter, gen. 

— Manor of Warmewell, & 16 messuages, i 
pigeoncot & 1170 acres there in & Water- 
Poxwell & Maine. (Vouchee, Nathaniel 

Ditto 1 — Henry Henning, Esq., v. John Harvey, Esq,, 

166 ] &> Richard Richardson, junior, gen. — Ames- 

Somerset Dorset Notes Queries, 


suage & 480 acres in Cruxton, Mayden New- 
ton, & Froome Vauchurch. (Vouchee, 
Robert fHenning, senior, gen., who calls 
Robert Henning, Junior, gen.) 

) — Thomas Lloyd^ Esq,^ William Bloome^ Esq.y 

) V. Samuel May dwell, gen., Andrew Card, 
gen. — Manor of Upstarthill & 18 messuages, 
3 watermills, 2 pigeoncots & 710 acres there 
and in Bothinghampton, Shipton Gorge, 
Netherbury, Loders, Uploders, Waldwick 
alias Waldish, Bestcombe, Weeke, & Brid- 
port alias Bridgeport & the advowson of the 
rectory of the church & free chapel of Up- 
starthill. (Vouchees, Peregrine Osborne, 
Viscount Dunblane in the Kingdom of Scot- 
land & Bridgett his wife.) 

— John Duke, gen., George Stanlake, gen., v. 
Henry Lovihond, gen., Ambrose White, gen. 
— A messuage & 85 acres in Todber. 
(Vouchee, Edward Duke, gen.) 

{To be continued.^ 

234. Monumental Inscriptions in other Counties 

Exeter Cathedral. 

A Brass on West Wall of Nave. 

In memoriam Charles Hugh Wyndham 
Lieutenant 21st Royal Scots Fusiliers, 

3rd son of J. Eveleigh Wyndham, Esq. 
of Summerland, Exeter, of the family 
of Wyndham of Orchard Wyndham, Somerset, 
who died at Exeter on June 9th, 1876, aged 27 years, 
erected by his brother officers in token 
of their sorrow and affectionate esteem. 

Arms, Azure, a chevron between three lion’s heads erased or. 
Crest. A lion’s head erased within a fetter-lock and chain or. 
Motto. Au bon droit. 

Peterborough Cathedral. 

A fiat Stone in Pavement of South Chancel Aisle, about south of 
the Altar. (The inscription is somewhat illegible). 

Humfredus Orme Armig., 

PIumfredi Filius 






Somerset &> Dorset Notes &> Queries. 


Humfredi Orme 
DE Compton Dondon 
IN AGRO Somerset : 

A SUPREMO Anglic senatu 

Mart : 2 
Anno 1670. 

^TAT. 50. 

Bletchley Church, Bucks. 

On a Slab in the floor of the Sanctuary close to the North Wall. 

M. S. 

Aliciae Roberti Browne Dorsetiensis Arm. Filiae, 
Thomae Willis de Blecheley Arm. conjugis, 

Tredecim Liberorum Mater 
cum carissimi Mariti Desiderium Ferre Non Potuisset 
die post ejus obitum LIX. 

Luctu et moerore confecta 
conjugem quaesitura 

Anno aetatis xxxv. salutisque MDCXCIX. 

V. id. Januarias e vivis excessit. 

Browne Willis Matri benemerenti 
Pietatis et doloris sui testimonium 

H. S. P. C. 

Arms. On a lozenge ; A fess between 3 lioncels rampant 
within a border charged with 8 roundels ; impaling a chevron 
charged with 3 escallops between as many storks. {Willis im- 
paling Browne). No crest is given, but to judge from another 
Willis stone it should be a demi-lion gorged issuant from a mural 

Will of Alice Willis, of London, widow. To be buried at 
Bletchley with late husband. Mentions, as living, father and 
mother, who are to dispose of such part of W oodsurs as would have 
come to her for benefit of younger children ; sister Mrs. Auncell ; 
her husband’s godson, Duke Proctor; younger daughters Jane, 
Mary, and Anne, all under 21 and unmarried; daughter Eliza- 
beth ; younger sons, Robert, John, and James, who are to have 
residuary estate ; son Thomas, who is to be put to sea ; son 
Browne, who is to have his father’s “mathematical instruments,” 
etc., and be executor. Dated January i, 1699-70. Proved 
February 26, 1699-70. (P.C.C. 32 Noel) by Browne Willis. 

Wilbarston, Market Harborough. W. C. G. Goddard. 

Somevset &> Dorset Notes &= Queries. 361 

235. Cambridge. Holy Trinity. 

On Wall of N. Porch. 

Near this Place 
lies the Body of 
Thomas Hurlstone 
of North Cadbury 
in Somerset shire 
who died April 13th, 1790 

Aged 44 years. F. W. W. 


236. A History of the Life of Colonel Nathaniel 
Whetham, by Catherine Durning Whetham and William Cecil 
Dampier Whetham, M.A., F.R.S., Fellow and Tutor of Trinity 
College, Cambridge. With illustrations. London : Longmans, 
Green and Co. 1907. 8vo. Pp. xviii, + 237. Price 8s. 6d. net. 

The writers of this volume have produced an interesting 
narrative of the life of a soldier of the Civil Wars on the Parlia- 
mentary side, little known to the general reader, though he 
played a fairly prominent part in the proceedings of the day. 

He was born at Drimpton in Broadwindsor, Dorset, in 1604, 
of a family already settled there for two generations, and pre- 
viously inhabiting the parish of Milton Abbas, and like many 
other country lads, made his way to London, where he was ap- 
prenticed to Edward Tirrell, a member of the Bakers’ Company. 
This was in 1620-1, and in 1632 he married his late master’s 
widow, and continued his business. In the beginning of the 
troubles he appears as Sergeant-Major or Captain of a Company 
of Dragoons raised in the City of London. His career is then 
traced at Northampton, where he was Governor of the Parlia- 
mentary Garrison, and in the operations in the Midlands, during 
which he took part in the two sieges of Banbury, 1644 and 1646. 

After an interval, at which time he acted as Warden of the 
Bakers’ Company, he received the important command of 
Governor of Portsmouth, 1649. Subsequently the events are 
detailed which led up to the Restoration, and Whetham’s views 
and actions are narrated, and we are carried on by easy stages to 
his retirement to Chard, where he was buried on i6th Sept., 

This is just the kind of book we are glad to meet with. 
Enough, but not more than enough, of the history of the day is 
given to show the position of the man, and form an adequate 
setting for his activities. We heartily recommend the work to ’ 
the attention of our readers. 


End of Volume X. 


Brass of Sir George Speke . . To face 

page I 

Brass of Gwen More 

J J 

.1 31 

Fishing Boat and Pentagrams 


11 49 

Abbot Whiting’s Chair 

> J 

,, 82 

Frithstool, Chewton Mendip 

» ) 

11 97 

Round Chimneys, Glanvilles Wootton 

? j 

1, 130 

Low Side Window, Othery Church 

11 H 5 

Glanvilles Wootton Church 

11 177 

Engraved Title of Coryat’s Crudities . . 

11 193 

Engraved Title of the Traueller for the English 

Wits . . 

1. 195 

Brass of Sir Laurence Pabenham and his wives . . 

„ 241 

Page of Winterborne Whitchurch Register 


Disraeli’s Taunton Election Handbill. . 


„ 289 

Seal of Barlinch Priory 


11 305 

Sculptured Crest at Twerton 


•1 337 

The old Chapel of Plush . . 


11 356 


N.B. — Small Capitals denote Articles, and Italic letters the Writers of 
A rticles. 


A. ... ... 119, 182 

Abarrowe, Ant. 211, Jn. 170, 

211, Marg. 100, Sir Maurice, 

Tho. ... 

100, 170 

Abbodesbury, Abbot of 

... 42 

Abbot, Nathaniel ... 

... 262 

Abercromby, Sir Ralph 

... 348 

Aberton, Oliver 

... 192 

Abington, Th. 37, 118, 159, 

161, 224 

Abyndon, Will. de... 

... 190 

Acland Family ... 

... 21 

Acland, Richard ... 

••• 255 

Adams, John 

158, 263 

Adlam, George and Sarah 


••• 356 

Adventure to New England 107 

Agaunte, John 

... 284 


••• 75 

AinSlie, Jane P., Philip 

... 128 


275, 280 

Akerly, Lucy D. 

... 120 

Akery, George 

••• 33 

Alayn, Henry 

... 191 

Albano, Leonard, Bishop ol 

... 109 

Albold, Richard ... 

... 236 

Aldridge, Hen. 

... 118 

Alford, Benedict 20, Hen. 



... 121 

Aliz, William 

• •• 139 

Allen, Thomas 

37. 164 

Allen al. Clipson, Tho. 

••• 352 

Allombridge, Christopher 

••• 354 

Allwood, William ... 

... 162 

Almshouse in Wells 

••• 355 

A Ipha ... 

... 164 

Alsopp, Durant 

... 117 

Alston, G. C. 

... 81 

Amey, Thomas 


Ancell, family 

••• 134 

Anderson, Lilia Isabel 

... 78 

Andrew, John 

... 268 

Andrews, Walter ... 

150, 151 

Angell, John 

... 122 

Angetill, Robert ... 

... 137 

Anketyll, George ... 

... 330 

Anthony, Sarah ... 

... 18 

Antiock, John ... 233, 235, 236 

Archer, Robert 

... 138 

Arnold, George :^58, Rd. 

... 94 


Artoure, Will. ... ... igg 

Arundell, Earl of ... 283, 285 

Arundell, Fr. 160, Jn. 30, 159, 

238, 282, Tho. 2, Sir Tho. ... 158 
Ashe, John, Rich. 150, 152, Owen 152 

Ashelyn, John ... ... 236 

Ashley, Antony, Lord 117, 119, 

158, Sir Fran. ... ... 167 

Ashley Cowper, Anthony, E. of 


... 230 

Ashmore Manor, Survey of... 65 

Ashton, Wm. 

••• 357 

Aspessen, Anne 

... 147 

Ass’s Head, The ... 

••• 331 

At Court, Thomas... 

... 109 

Athelney Priory 

... 21 

Atkins, Fanny 

... 256 

Atkins of Skilgate, Family... 84 

Atte Bere, Robert ... 

... 91 

Atte Brugge, Christina 

•• 75 

Atte Forde, Will. ... 

••• 354 

Atte Hulle, John ... 

... 191 

Atte More, Adam 142, 191, 235, 

Walt. 191, Will.... 

... 142 

Atte Mylle, Rich. ... 

265, 266 

Atte Orchard, John 

• 237 

Atte Perrok, John ... 

... 190 

Atte Stone, Roger ... 

... 19c 

Atte Throp, William 

... 91 

Atte Welle, William 

... 190 

Attwell, Elizabeth... 

••• 317 

At Water, William 

... 192 

Atv/ill, Rich. 

... 200 

At Wode, Walter ... 

... 109 

Atwood, Thos, 


Aune, Henry de ... 

... 141 

Austin, Stanley 


Avenall, George ... 

... 202 

Aylesbury, Sir Thomas 

... 241 

Aylesworthe, William 

... 284 

Aylewood, Juliana 

•• 34 

Ay Ioffe, Richard ... 

... 263 

Ay Iron, John 

••• 137 

Aynell, Sir John ... 

••• 153 

Ayremynne, Rich, de 

... 109 

Ayres, Samuel 159, Sarah 

••• 349 

Babbe, Thomas 

265, 266 

Babcary, Rich 

... 188 

Baber, William 

... 261 




Babington, Thomas ... ... 226 

Babour, John 190 

Backway, Henry 162, 227, 333 

Badcock, William 97 

Badgworth 354 

Bagge, Andrew ... ... ... 190 

Bagnall, Wm 334 

Bailly, John 269, 281, 308, Rd. 119 

Bakebere, Walter 142 

Bakelford, William 284 

Baker, James 334, Rd. 281, Wm. 226 
Baker, T.H. 122,130,230,231 

Balch Family 19 

Ball Family ... 21S 

Ball, Edwin J. ... ... ... 219 

Ball, Ralph 236 

Balston, John 159, 264 

Bampfield, Eliz. ... ... 152 

Banel, Nicholas 141 

Banger, Nicholas ... ... 4 

Bankes, Mary, Sir Ralph37, Tho. 162 
Baptist Chapel at Corfe 

Mullen 130 

Barbar, Wm 208 

Barber, Geo.,Robt. 119, Tabitha 121 

Barby, Edmund... ... ... 99 

Baret, Henry 235, 236 

Barlinch Priory, Seal of ... 305 

Barlinch, Robert Prior of ... 305 

Barnard. John 343 

Barnes’s Dorset Dialect ... 251 

Barnes family ... ... 125-127 

Barnes, John 118, 163 

Barowe, John 328 

Barret, Mary, T. ... ... 29 

Barrett, W. Bowles 18, 193, 251, 252 
Barter, Francis, Rose E. ... 132 

Bartholomew, Robert 123 

Bartlett, Edw. 223, Harriet 164, 

Tho 226 

Bartram 30 

Barwell, Edw. 159, Hen. ... 262 

Baskett, Hopton 162 

Basset, Jn. 141, Ralph 186, Rd. 

4, Rog. 143, Sr. Wm. ... 308 

Baterhogge, Roger ... ... 239 

Bates, E. H ii, 21 

Bath and Wells, Bishop of ... 174 

Bath and Wells, G. W. ... 333 

Bathe, Thomas 137, 138 

Bathurst, Ralph... ... ... 308 

Batson, Henry 116 

Baunfeld, Peter 95 

Bayllebyn, William 187 

Baylli, Thomas 239 

Bayly, Hen. 267, Jn. 43, 95, 189, 

265-8, Rd. 334, Tho 260 

Bayne, John 197 


Baynton family 149- 152 

Bayose, Stephen de ... 185, 186 

Bazel, William ... ... ... 93 

Beach, — 228 

Bealknapp, Robt. ... ... 237 

Beaminster ... ... 130 

Beaminster, Funeral IN ... 69 

Beaminster Prebendal 
Rental ... ... 195 

Beammount, Philip ... 192 

Bears, William de ... ... 91 

Beauchamp Arms ... ... 210 

Beauchamp, Jn., Sir John ... 68 

Beauchamp, Rich., E. of Warw. 277 
Beaufort, Duke of ... ... 307 

Beck, Jane ... ... 168 

Bedford, William ... ... 227 

Beer, James ... ... 255 

Beky, Richard ... ... 153 

Bekyngton, Johnde 190, 233, 234 
Belamy, Will. ... ... 198 

Belet family ... 41, 42 

Belet Robert ... 141, 142 

Belevall, Katherine 137, 139 

Belitha, Edward ... ... 344 

Bell at Spargrove ... 171 

Belle, John ... ... 281 

Bello Campo, Philip de, Rog. de no 

Berne, Richard ... ... 200 

Benefit Club Pole Heads 221 
Beneyt, John ... ... 91 

Bengervyll, Bartholomew ... 239 
Bennet, Sarah and George 
Adlam ... ... 356 

Bennett, Ant. 334, Jn. 260, Ph. 308 
Beoff, William ... ... 192 

Berde, J. 197, Tho. ... 268 

Bere, Thomas de la 235, 236, 

Will de ... ... 137 

Beremaker, Hermanns ... 246 

Berenger, Ingelram 90, 91, 189 
Beresford, Samuel ... ... 133 

Berkeley family ... 93-96,139 

Berkeley, Sir Hen. 152, 154, Sir 
Maurice 152, Edw. ... 308 

Bernak, Sir William ... 241 

Bernard, Anne 145, Colonel 259, 

Sir Jn. 147, Jn. ... ... 261 

Berney, family ... ... 350 

Berrebred, Walter le ... 144 

Bertlot, Henry ... ... 239 

Besant, John ... 33, 231 

Bestland, Cantlo ... 173 

Bestland, Hen. 173, 260, 263 

Humph. ... ... 260 

Bettesthorne family 137-139 

Bettiscombe, Rich. ... 226 

Bettesworth, Chas, 358 




Beuboys, Thomas ... ... 192 

Beuyn, John ... 282, 284, 287 

Beynill, Walter de ... 140 

Bic, Sarah ... ... 317 

Biggs, Mary ... ... 122 

Billingham, Sarah... ... 123 

Billyng — 199, J. ... ... 200 

Bilyng, Will. ... ... 199 

Bindon, Lady ... ... 57 

Binebeze, Rich, de •••93 

Bingham, Ra., Rd., Rt., 185, Th. 12 
Bird, Geo. 243, Theophilus 226, R. 358 
Biscoe, Elisha 325, Jn. ... 161 

Bishop, Arthur 55, Humfry, 37 
Jn. ... ... 191, 137-8 

Bisse, George ... ... 171 

Biter (?) Ric. ... •••99 

Blackmoore, John ... ... 125 

Blackwell, Peter ... ... 335 

Blacman, Master John ... 83 

Blake of Bridgwater ... 81 

Blake Family, 132-3, 189, 310-13 
Blake, Francis E. ... ... 81 

Blake, Jn., Wm, ... ... 72 

Blake, Thomas, Will of ... 132 
Blakeford, Avicia ... •••93 

Blakemor, Nicholas de ... 139 
Blakemore Regis, Priory of ... 189 
Blaney. Robert ... ... 1 19 

Blatchford, Robert ... 261 

Blewett Family... ... 21 

Blewett, Ancilla ... ... 150 

Bloome, Wm. ... ... 359 

Bloant,Jn. 190, Marg.191, 190 
Blundell, Ant. 261, Jn. 333-4, 

358, Rose, Tho. ... ... 261 

Blunden, Benjamin ... 350 

Blyntesfeld, Rich, de ... 191 

Bodde, Roger ... ... 144 

Boden, John ... ... 165 

Bodrugan, Henry ... ... 191 

Bogg, Robert ... ••• 59 

Bohun Family ... 233-236 

Bohun, Humphrey de, Marg. ... 241 
Bok, Philip ... ... 144 

Bole, William ... ... 239 

Bon (Bohun) Family ... 192 

Bond, Family ... ... 253 

Bond, Nathaniel ... ... 158 

Boneclyf, William... ... 236 

Boneville, Bonvile, Bonevyle 
Family, 236-240, 281-288 

Bonevill, Hen. 190, Wm. de. ... 91 

Bonevill al. Stucle family ... 240 
Bonville, Sr. Wm. ... 218 

Bonevyle, Thomas de ... 186 

Bonyn, John ... ... 238 

Boone, Will .... ... 163 


Boovey, Edw. ... ... 357 

Borde, Edward ... ... 43 

Bosco, Robt. de ... ... 192 

Boswell, Edw ... ... 222 

Bosh, Nicholas, Richard ... 43 

Bosham, Herbert of ... 19 

Botilere, Walter ... ... 138 

Botyler, John le ... ... 288 

Bourton, Thomas .. ... 105 

Bovett, Ric, 84, Wm. ... 243 

Bowden, John ... 21, 255-6 

Bowdidge, Stephen ... 160 

Bower, Henry ... 260, 264 

Bowles, John 119 Susannah 343 
Boye, Edw. ... ... 190 

Boys, John 151, Wm. ... 233 

Bradrepp, John ... 263, 357 

Bragg, Clothier 166, Ellen 30, 

Robt. 226, Wm. ... 358 

Bramble Family ... 120 

Bramble, Lt. Col. J . R. ... 121 

Bramley Church, Brass in ... 31 

Brand, Edw. ... ... 226 

Brandres, Susan ... ••• 151 

Brekeleford, Guy de ... 41 

Bremble, William ... ... 264 

Breme, Robert ... ... 188 

Brent, John ... 269, 270 

Brewer, Agnes ... ... 353 

Brice, Hen. 34, Robt. 91, 141, 

189, Wm. ... ... 159 

Brickell, Eliz. ... ... 122 

Bridges, Harry, Sr. Thos. ... 308 

Bridport, John 189, Wm. de 192 

Brienne, Guy de ... ... no 

Brimshill (?) Will ... ... 187 

Brioto, Laurence de ... 42 

Bristol, Foreigners in ... 246 

Bristol, George, Earl of ... 226 

Broadhembury Church 275, 306 

Broadley, A. M. 292, 297, 308-9 
Broadrep, Richard ... 30 

Brockeshale, John de ... 187 

Brodegate, Thomas ... 328 

Brodruff, Chr , John ... 280 

Broghton, John de ... no 

Brok, Thomas ... 137, 191 

Brokke, Thomas ... ... 138 

Brokhampton, Jn., 282, 284, 287, 

Thos. ... ... 236 

Brome, John 198, Lau. 116, 119, 

i59i 225-6 , 

Bromfield, Thomas ... 260 

Bromhull, John de 91, 189 

Bromley, Mr. Baron ... 171 

Brooke. John 353, Thos. ... 152 

Broughton, Bryan35i,Jane,Nich. 117 
Broun, Walter ... ... 191 




Brown, Ann 29, Geo,, Mary 131, 

Wm — ... ... 190 

Browne, Anne 30, Geo. 160, Hugh 
4-5, Sr. Jn.i66, Lionel 162, Nich. 

5, 260, 263, Rich. 4, 5i,Tho. 118, 
158, Wm. 159, Jn. 358, Al., Rt. 360 

Brownjohn, John ... ... 317 

Bruer (?) John 197, Walt. 198 
Bruet, Roger ... ... 42 

Brut, Robert ... ... 43 

Bruton, Prior of, Annuity from 200 
Bruton Girdle ... ... 249 

Brutt, Robert ... ... 236 

Bruyn, Will, le ... 235, 236 

Bryan, Mathew ... ,..119 

Bryant, John 162, Dan., Th. ... 357 

Bryer, John ... ... 228 

Brykore, William ... ... 139 

Brympton, John ... ... 281 

Bubwich, Nich. Bp. of London, 
Sarum, Bath and Wells ... 298 
Buchere, Thomas ... ... 190 

Buckfold, Richard ... 318 

Buckford, Richard ... 178 

Budd, Thomas ... ... 170 

Budell, Roger ... ... 239 

Budden, Thomas ... ... 160 

Bugge, Walter ... ... 236 

Bukby, John ... ... 96 

Bull, Hen, 308, Margery i23,Robt.226 
Bunckham, John ... ... 162 

Burbidge, John ... ... 160 

Burchillow, Hen. ... ... 350 

Burde, Dorothy, Edw. Hen. ... 225 
Burden, Thoms. ... ... 65 

Burge, Matthew 124, Tho. ... 168 

Burgo, John de ... ... 137 

Burkitt, Rev. Wm. ... 76 

Burleigh, Lord, John Cecill ... 117 
Burleton, Robert 160, Wm. ... 119 
Burning Cliff at Holworth 18 
Burridge, Thomas ... 30 

Burston, Jane ... ... 254 

Burton, Robert ... ... 118 

Bush, James ... ... 131 

Bushrod, Richard... ... 166 

But, Hugh ... ... 144 

Butleigh Revel ... i 15 

Butler, Edw. Jn. 335, Tho. 261 
Byfleet, Thomas ... ... 102 

Bygges, John ... ... 329 

Bylbyn, Daniel (?) ... ... 199 

Byndon. Abbot of 140, 141 

Byneham, Ralph de ... 91 

Byngham Family ... 143, 185-8 

Byngham, Robert de ... 41 

Byschoppe, John ... ... 266 

Bysschup, Walter, William ... 43 


Cade, James ... ... 308 

Cadeford, John de ... ... 191 

Caines, John ... ... 225 

Caketer, John ... ... 239 

Callard of Stockland ... 229 
Callow, Anne, Betsy, Fred ... 164 
Calwady ... ... 259 

Cammell, Tho. ... ... 236 

Campeggio, Lawrence ... 329 

Canne, Robert ... ... 192 

Cannon, Richard ... ... 36 

Canons OF WiMBORNE ... 109 

Canterbury, Archbp. of ... 9 

Canterbury Marriage 

Licences ... 122, 221 

Canterbury & York Society 356 
Cantia, John de ... ... 197 

Capelin, Francis ... ... 357 

Capps, James, Sylvestra ... 58 

Ca’-d, Andrew ... ... 359 

Careen, Jane ... •••123 

Carent, Sir William ... 99 

Carew family ... ... 277 

Carew, Eliz., Thos. 238, 283, 285, 287 
Carmynowe. John 239, Tho. ... 282 

Carnier, Mary ... ... 12 1 

Carpenter, John 116, 334, 358 

Carr, SirRobt. 107, Sir Edw, 107, 145 
Cartell, Johannes de ... 75 

Carter, William ... ... 31 1 

Cartere, Richard ... ..43 

Cary, Tho. ... ... 137 

Case, John ... ... 243 

Castell, Charles ... ... 161 

Catesby, Eleanor ... ... 212 

Cator, Thomas ... ... 330 

Catte, John ... ... 94 

Cattesclive, Henry de ... 41 

Causehey, Hen. 265, 266, 267, 268 

Cave, Richard ... ... 164 

Cavendish, George ... 9 

Cavell, Eliz, ... ... 257 

Cavill Family ... ... 209 

C. B. ... ... ... 245 

Cecill, John Lord Burleigh ... 117 

Cecil, Sir William ... ... 154 

Cerne Society, The ... 81 

Chafe-Chafy-Chafie Genea- 
logy ... ... 177, 219 

Chaffyn. Chr., Jn. 330, Tho. 

112, 162, 329, 330, Wm. ... 357 
Chaldecote, George 330, Wm, de 41 
Chaluedon Boys, Hen. de ... 140 
Chamber, Richard... ... 284 

Chamberlaine, Tho. ... 134 

Champnes, John ... ... 161 

Champneys Arms ... 210, 276 

Champyon, John ... ... 140 




Channon, Joseph ... 

.> 226 

Chanyng, Rich. 

... 226 

Chapel Uny 

• •• 50 

Chapman, John 

• •• 333 

Chard, Manor of 

••• 173 

Charnechou, John .. 

••• 137 

Charter, Miss and George 


••• 355 

Charter Family 

• •• 309 

Charter, Eliz., Thos. 

• •• 309 

Chartmarle, Walter 

... 270 

Chasy, John 

... 192 

Chaumbernun, Henry de 

••• 93 

Chediok, John de ... 

• •• 236 


... 19 

Chedwick, John de 

••• 235 

Cheeke, Jane, Tho., Rich. 

... 103 

Cheke, Jn., Ric. ... 

... 198 

Cherrett, family ... 

131. 132 

Chesman, William 

... 117 

Chester, Edw., Magdalen, 


Rob. 155, Granada, Mary ... 156 
Chettle, Robert ... ... 165 

Chetyll, Henry ... ... 330 

Cheveley, Jermingham 343. 345 
Chewton Mendip, Frith- 
stool AT ... ... 9 

Cheyney, Sir William 

• •• 237 

Chideok, John 

... 284 

Chiffinch, Amphillis 

••• 333 

Child, John 

... 159 

Chiltecumb, Thomas de 

... 41 

Chocke, Sir Rich. ... 

... 200 

Christ Church Cath. Inscrip- 

TioNS ... ... 227 

Christian’s Cross ... 171, 220 
Chubb, Mathew ... 243, 300 

Church Bells in Somerset 352 
Churchey, John 334, Rich. ... 264 
Churchill family ... 130 

Churchill, Jn. Duke of Marl- 
borough ... ... 130 

Churchill, Deanes 2, Jn. 37, 162, 

238, 282, 284, 287, Rd. 5, 
Wm. 260, Winston 161, 163 
Churchyard Cross, Head of, 


Clap, Roger ... ... 353 

C. K. W. ... 219, 356 

Clare, Anne 30, Edw. 29, Jn. 29, 

30, Jone 29, Wm. ... 30 

Clarence, George Duke of ... 96 

Clarke, Geo. 308, Giles 159, 261, 

Jn. 230, Rog. ... ... 261 

Clarkson, Ellen, Nath. ... 77 

Clavyll, William ... ... 237 

Cleeves, Swithin ... 224, 225 

Clerk, Edw. 200, Jn. 237, Rd. le 
233, Wm. ... ... 198 


Cleve Abbey Heraldry ... 248 

Cleyton, William ... ... 286 

Cleywyll, John ... ... 286 

Clifford, Rich, de ... ... 93 

Clift, Thomazine ... •••79 

Clifton of Barrington 229, 277 
‘ Clipping ’ Yew-trees ... 223 
Code, Jone, Robert ... 35 

Codeworth, John de ... 21 

Codrington, William ... 333 

Codryngton, Thomas ... 329 

Coffen, Thos. ... ... 357 

Coke family ... 148, 149 

Coke, Clement, Sir Edw, 99, 

J. 200, Walt. ... ... 329 

Coke (?), J. ... ... 198 

Coker, Bridget, Hen. 57, Sir 
Hen. 58, Jn. 189, Robt. 119, 

160, 263,Tho. ... 328, 329 

Colbron, Frances ... ... 325 

Cole, John 224, 261, Wm. ... 94 

Cole, Rev. Thomas ... 357 

Coleman, James ... ... 1 15 

Colepepper, Henry ... 310 

Coles, — 29, Edw. 353, Francis 
159, Jn, 123, Wm. ... 127 

Coleson, Wm. ... ... 156 

Colet, John ... ... 330 

Collett, Joseph ... ... 166 

Collier, Richard ... ... 165 

Collins, Wm. ... ... 159 

Colmer, Robert ... ... 243 

Colmor, Henry ... ... 237 

Colmore, William... ... 284 

Colowe, Rich. ... ... 188 

Colyfford, Sabina ... ... 198 

CoLYTON, C hurch of St. Andrew 34 
Combes, John ... ... 65 

Compton, Matthew 224, 225 

Constable, Robt, ... ... 159 

Coock, Charles ... ... 121 

Cook, Rev. Edward ... 77 

Cooke, Jos., Susan Hurle ... 77 

Cooke, William ... ... 285 

Cookman, Eliza ... ... 34 

Coole, Abel, Edw. ... ... 342 

Cooper, Sir Antony Ashley ... 52 

Cooper, Sarah 33, Tho. 225, 260 
Copleston, Anne 285, Jn. 192,285 
Coplestone, John ... ... 243 

Cor ben, Richard ... ••• 123 

Corbett, Miles, 158, 159, 226, 

262, 263, 333, 334 
CoRFE Mullen, Chapel at ... 130 
Corges, Ralph de ... ... 144 

Cornwall, Earl of ... ... 91 

Coryate, Rev. Geo. ... 193 

CoRYATE, Thomas of Odcombe 193 
Cos. Roger ... ... 144 





Coteler, John 191, Reg. 

... 190 

Daccombe, Will. ... 

... 94 

Cottington, Francis 

... 104 

Dale, C.W., J.C. ... 

... 130 

Cotton, Thomas ... 

... 351 

Dalmari, Will, de ... 

... 68 

Couch, Ruth 

••• 317 

Dampier Family ... 

85. 337 

Couk, John le 

91, 189 

Danbere, Walter ... 

... 190 

Coulard, John 

265, 266 

Daniell, John, Wm. 

... 196 

Coumbe, Will, in the 

... 190 

Danyell, J. 200, Robt, 

265, 266 

Court, Alex. 

... 123 

Darcie, Thos. 

••• 155 

Courtenay, Hugh de,E. of Devon 241 

D’arcy, Lord 

.... 241 

Courtenay, Eliz. 288, Joan 277, 288 

Dare, Jn., Thos. 

... 281 

Courtney, Nicholas 

... 320 

Dashwood, Nathaniel 

... 127 

Coward, Mr, 298, Hen. 

243. Jn. 

Daubeny Family ... 

241, 301 


... 225 

Daubeny, Anne 53, Sir Giles 12, 




Cowderoy, Thomas ... 34 

Cowper, Anthony Ashley, E. of 
Cox OF Beaminster 
Cox, Anne 344, Hannah 231, Jn. 

280, Lancelot 116, Robt. ... 118 
Crabb, Benj. 

Crabbe, the Poet & Miss 
Charter ... ... 355 

Crabbe, George of Evershot 309 

Crabbe, John ... ... 2 

Craibbe, John ... 91, 189 

Crawezon, Walter ... ... 185 

Crede, John ... ... 330 

Creed, Mrs., Funeral of ... 303 
Creed, George 304, Harry ... 303 
Crewkerne, John ... ... 12 

Cribbe, Robt., Tho. ... 139 

Criche, John ... ... 223 

Crogge, Roger ... ... 281 

Croke, Richard ... ... 225 

Cromwell, Hen,, Sir Oliver 107, 

Oliver ... ... 52 

Crooke, Charles ... ... 261 

Crophull Arms ... ... 210 

Crophull, John de, Sir Tho. ... 277 
Croscombe, Contract for 
Roodloft at ... ... 108 

Cross, Wm., Vicar ofTaunton 223 
Cross family ... ... 223 

Cross, James ... ... 173 

Cross ... ... ... 310 

Crosse, James 333, Rd. 308, Wm. 124 
Croyden, George ... ... 228 

Croxton, Rich, de ... 91, 186 

Crybbe, John ... ... 186 

Cuflf, Caleb ... ... 272 

Cuffe, Rich. ... ... 224 

Culpepper, Alex. ... ... 311 

Cumberland, Duke of ... 348 

Curlone, Matilda ... ... 8 

Curds, John ... ... 118 

Cutler, Mathew ... ... 160 

A 39,87,88,130,135,136,183, 

184, 231, 232, 356, 357 
Daccombe Family ... 120 

Hen. 15 Hugh, Jn. 13, Mary 55 
Davenport or Damport Pedigree 338 
Davey, Ch. 159, James 253, Jn. 260 
Davie, John ... ... 1 19 

Davies, Sarah ... •■•327 

Davis, Eustice 157, Sarah 131, 

Wm ... ... 157 

Davy, E. R. 352, Hen. 199, 200, 

Jn. ... ... 197, 286 

Dawe, Ellis 117, Hugh 141, Wm. 117 


Dawes, Richard 
Daye, Wm. 

Deacon, Edward 

Dean, Frank, Fredk. 132, Mr. 

315, Sarah 
Dear, Anne 
Dekne, Richard 
Delacourt, Thomas 
De la Forde, Tho. 192, Wm. 

De la Lynde, John 41, Rog. 
Delany, Eliza 
Deneys, Robert le 
Denison, Bp. 

Dennis, James 
Dent, Edward 
Denys, John 192, Walt. 

Derby or Darby Family 
Derby, Jeremiah 262, Stephen 
Deryk ... 

Despenser, Lord de 
Deverel, Elias de ... 

Dewey, James 
Dew, Bessie, Fredk. 

Deygher, John 
Dibbin, Thomas ... 

Dickinson R. 

Dickson, Peter 
Digby, Lord 

Digby, John, Lord 162, Jn. 
Dillington, Walter 











••• 345 
... 141 

... 358 

... 132 
... 43 

... 125 
... 171 
... 349 
... 299 
... 226 

328, 329 

Disraeli at Taunton ... 289 

Disraeli, Miss ... ... 290 

Dixon, Ann, Cath. 325,326, Eliz, 33 
D.K.T. ... ...134 

Doche, Tho., W. ... ... 198 




Dod, Roger ... ... 143 

Dodderidge, Geo. 256, Sir John 

252, Robt. ... ... 256 

Dodderidge, Sidney E. 19, 22, 84, 

85, 208, 209, 259 

Dolben, Sir William 

••• 54 

Dolby, Sarah 

• •• 123 

Dollynge, John 

... 2 

Dolyng, Robert 

... 281 

Domynyk, John 

• •• 329 

Donyng, Henry 

... 192 

Doo, William 

... 190 

Dorchester Beer 

87, 119 


... 291 

Dorset ... 

• •• 309 

Dorset Benefactions 

... 164 

Dorset Boundaries 

... 86 

Dorset Deeds 

... 124 

Dorset, Defence of 

... 221 

Dorset, Early Posts in 

... Ill 

Dorset Editor 3, 18, 21, 33, 


72, 171, 196, 219, 221,2 51, 269, 

270, 271, 275, 279, 280, 309, 331 
Dorset Fishermen and St. 

Augustine ... ... 193 

Dorset Freeholders 3, 76 

Dorset Inn Signs ... 299 

Dorset Inquisitiones P.M.41, 

89. 137. 185, 233. 281, 357 
Dorset Manors, Surveys... 64 
Dorset Marriages 121, 231 

Dorset Portraits ... 228 

Dorset Recoveries 36, 116, 

158, 223, 260, 333 
Dowdell, Augustine, Augustus, 
Jasper ... ... 314 

DowlishWake, Speke Brass at i 
D owman, John ... ... 3 

Down, John ... 197, 198 

DownsideReviewReferences 247 
Downton, John ... ... 269 

Downton, (?) John, Rich,, Wm. 199 
Doyley, Jn. 143, Tho ... 160 

Drake, Agnes 34, John ... 35 

Drake Arms ... ... 18 

Draper, Thomas ... ... 281 

Dray, George, Joan ... 122 

Drayton, John ... ••• 43 

Drewe,Francis, Herman 280, Ed, 358 
Dry, Joan, Widow... ... 29 

Due, James ... ... 330 

Dudderidge, George 85, Hugh 254 
Dudley. Richard 330, Thos. ... 20 

Dulce, Edw., John ... 359 

Dumblane, Lord, Letter from, 
after Sedgemoor... ... 296 

Dunblane, Viscount ... 359 

Duncket, Margaret ... 7 

Dunnig, Edw. ... ... 158 


Du’puy, Mariane ... ... 163 

Durneford, Jn. de 140, Richard 
233. 235, 236, Wm. ... 42 

Dutheridge, John ... ... 84 

Dybben, Thoms ... ... 66 

Dycke, Mary ... ... 310 

Dyer Family ...31,97,145, 170 
Dygon, John ... ... 142 

Dyke, H. ... ... 199 

Dyl, William ... ... 140 

Dyment, Isaac. Walt. Hen. ... 257 
Dymoke, Alice ... ... 277 

Dyuer, Rich. ... 199, 200 

East, Wm. ... ... 357 

Easton, George ... •••253 

Edgeworth, Roger... ... 3 

Editors The 83, 178, 195, 221, 309 
Edward, Matthew 235, 236 

Edward the Confessor ... 68 

Edwards, Hen. 259, Jn. 117, 260, 
Mary 208, Tho. ... 226, 335 

Egarly, Edward ... ... 146 

Egerton, Thomas, Constance ... 5 

Eggardon of Eggardon ... 3 

Egleton, Robert ... ... 226 

E . H . B . ... ... 279 

E. H . M. ... ... 170 

Ekerdon, Henry de .., 41 

Ekinton, William de ... 185 

Elderton, John ... ... 125 

Elizabeth, Queen of England ... 1 1 1 

Ellesdon, Faith ... ... 280 

Elleworth[y], Lawrence ... 281 

Ellys, Sir John ... ... 200 

Elyes, Richard ... ... 328 

Elyot, Sir Tho. ... 100, 170 

Elys, Isabel, Walt. 141, Wm. 140-1 
Emmery, John ... ... 185 

E. N. ... ... ... 171 

Engaine, Eliz ... ... 302 

Engayne family ... 241,242 

English ... ... 276 

Enott, Thomas ... ... 259 

Erie family ... ... 36 

Erie, Thomas ... ••• 35 

Erneley, Jane, John ... 102 

Eslyne, John ... ... 240 

Estoke, John ... ... 142 

Ettericke, And. 263, Ant. 38, Ed. 263 
Evered, John ... ... 124 

Everie, Alex., Wm. ... 243 

Ewens, Baron 149, Jn. 154, 
Matt. ... ... 146, 154 

Eyr, Nicholas ... ... 192 

Eyre, Jn. 261, Robt. 338, Tho. 212 
Fairchild, Robert ... ... 275 

Falconer, Will ... ... 212 

Faldo, Robert ... ... 147 

Far bye, Robert ... ... 229 





Farewell, Jn. 260, 264, 333, Sam. 105 
Farley, Elinor ... ... 317 

Farr, Ann 123, Wm. ... 227 

Farwell, Geo., Jn., gS, Rich. gS, 
gg, Simon ... ... g8 

Fathers, Giles ... ... 14 

Fauntleroy, Jn. 188, i8g, 282, 

Peter 32g, Rich. 240, 281 

Fawte, Mary ... ... 318 

Feetham, Mary, Thomas ... 78 

Feltham, John ... ... 231 

Fenell, Robt. ... ... igg 

Fermage, John ... ... 236 

Ferrars, Gresley ... ... 308 

Ferrey, Benjamin ... ... 356 

Feversham, Lord ... ... 2g6 

Feyrwyll, J. ... ... ig7 

Fferris, Mary ... ... 252 

Fidler, Eliz. ... ... 122 

Fielding, Henry ... ... 337 

Filebere, Nich. de ... ... g3 

Filliter, George ... ... 1 17 

Fish, Robert ... ... 357 

Fisher, John ... ... 38 

Fitch, John ... ... 116 

Fitzhardinge, Maurice Viscount 308 

Fitzharris family ... ... 230 

Fitzherberd, Edmund ... 42 

Fitzherbert, Mrs., Thos. ... 3ig 

Fitzjames, Sir John ... 38 

Fitzpayn, George 284 

Fitz-Robert, Will ... ... 21S 

Fitz-Walter, Sir Wm. ... 114 

Fitzwilliam, Mary 106, Wm. 145 

Sir Wm. ... 114, 145 

F.J.P. ... 227, 264, 2gg 

Flamberte, Morgan ... 124 

Flavell, Humphrey ... 168 

Fleming, Gilbert ... ... 347 

Flemyng, William ... ... 284 

FUtcher, Walte.r J. ... ... 2ig 

Flory, John .... ... 281 

Floyer, Ant., John ... ... 243 

Follet, Alben ... ... 34 

Fontell, Alicia ... ... ig8 

Fookes, Walter ... ... i59 

Forbes, Murray ... ...351 

Forcy, Andrew ... ... 282 

Ford, James lyg, Jn. ... 121 

Forde, Will. ... igy, 281 

Fore, John ... ... 94 

Foreigners in Bristol ... 246 

Forest, Robert ... ... 333 

Forre, Edw. ... ... 156 

Forster, Eliz., Tho. ... 34 

Foster, John ... ... 166 

Fote, Thomas ... ... 188 

Fowle, Arthur ... ... 357 


Fowler, John ... ... 243 

Fox, Thomas ... ... 133 

Foxe, Edward ... ... 32g 

Foygen, Thomas ... ... 158 

Foyle, John de go, Edw., Robt., 224 
Frampton, John g5, g6, i88-g. 26g, 
282, Wm. ... 188, 262 

Frant, John ... ... 2g8 

Fray, James, John .. ... 324 

Freak, Mr. ... ... 274 

Free, John 187, Steph. ... 233 

Freke, Thomas ... ... 262 

Freeman, A.C. 132, Jn. 66, Wm. 

James ... ... 132 

Frend, John ... ... 137 

Freo, John ... ... igi 

Frere, Henry le ... ... 141 

Fresill, Nich. ... ... igg 

Frithstool at Chewton 

Mendip ... •••97 

Frowde, Edward ... ... 32g 

Fry, family ... ... 131 

Fry, E. A. ... ... 65 

Fry, Geo. S. 87, 120, 123, 132, 135, 221 
Fry, Jn. 37, Rich. 121, Robt. 

227, 260, Tho. 37 
Fryer (?), John ... ... 200 

Fulbroke, John ... ... igy 

Fulford, Sir Francis 273, Geo. 160, 260 
Funeral in Beaminster ... 6g 
Furseman, Ant., Wm. ... 334 

Fussell, Jo. ... 72 

F. W. ... ig, 82, 220, 306, 307 

F. W. W. 83. 97. 145, 171, 305 

Fyshyr, Rich. ... ... igg 

Gaich, Benjamin ... ... 1 17 

Gamage, Eliz. ... ... 103 

Gamlen, Charles, Arthur ... 350 
Gane, Richard ... ... 261 

Gauge, Samuel ... ... i6g 

Gard, Peter ... ... 1 16 

Garlond, Richard ... ... 233 

Garrick, David ... ... 345 

Garthe, Hugh ... ... 188 

Gaunt, John ... ... 187 

Gaute, John ... ... 329 

Gautlett, John ... ... 1 19 

Gawler, John ... 119, 159, 228 

Gay, John, W. ... ... 197 

Gaysford, John ... ... 118 

Geare, Rebecca ... ... 29 

Geary, Will. ... ... 145 

George III at Weymouth ... 18 

George III at Weymouth ... 331 
George, John ... ... 122 

Gerard 30, Isabel ... ... 13 

Gerbert, Rich. ... ... 212 

Gerle family ... 310, 311 





Gervas, John 


Gouiz, John de 93, Wm. de ... 


Gerveys, John 


Gould, Edw, 121, Eliz. 122, Hen. 

Gery, Anne 147, Wm. 


161, James, 223, Jn. 165, 334, 

Gibbs, Ferd. 37, 358, Rd. 


Nich. ... 223, 


Gibbes, John 


Grainge, Ralph 


Giear, James 


Granada, Sir James 


Giffard, John ... 14 


Grant, Archibald 351, Mary 33, 




Grantham, William 


Gilberd, William ... 


Gravel, Francis 


Gilbert, Anne 122, Geo. 


Gray, Robert 


Gildon, William ... 


Great Barford Church, Beds 


Giles, Margaret 


Green, Han. 125, Peter 18, Val. 


Gill, Nicholas 


Greene, Hugh 162, John 


Gille, Thomas ... 282, 


Gregory, John 94, Sam. 


Gilling, family 


Grene, John 


Gillingham, Geo. 334, Jn. 123, 

Grey, Audelay 162, Wm. 


Tho. ... 


Grey, Tho. Marquis of Dorset 


Glanville, Sybylla... 


Griffith, Johanna 325, 327, Robt. 

Glanvilles Wootton, Round 

330, Tho. ... 322, 327, 


Chimneys at 


Grimsteed, Henry ... 


Glastonbury Abbey, Sale of 


Grove, Eliz. 326, Jn. 325, Tho. 


Glastonbury, Chaplain at... 


Grubbe, Robert 


Glisson, Will. 


Gumbleton, Rebecca 


Glover, John 


Gummoe, Eliz., Robt. 


Gobet, John 


Gundry, Francis ... 


Goddard, W. C. G. ... 228, 


Gunning, John, Mary 


Godderidge family. . . 


Guppie, Will 


Godef, Richard 


Guydett, Antony ... 


Godefelaw, John, Rich. 265, 


Gwyn, Hugh ... 113, 


Godefray, Agnes ... 


Gwynne, Eliz. 150, Owen 


Godelee, Johannes de 


Gybbs, Davy 


Godewyn, William 


Gybelet, Roger 


Godfrey, Amy 164, Eliz. 


Gylden, John 


Godle, John ... 266, 267, 268 

Gyldon, William ... 


Goffe, Mrs. 


Gyllame, Robert ... 


Golde, John 13, Tho. 


Gylle, Richard ... 43, 


Goldesborough, Robt. 


Gynger, John 


Goldington, Sr John de 


Gynpe, Reginald ... 


Goldsmith, Walter 


Gyssich, Henry de 


Goldstone, Henry ... 


Haberfeild, William 


Goldwey, Richard... 


Hacche, Robert de 


Golle, Stephen 


Haddocks, Joseph ... 


Gollopp, John 260, Tho. 


Halat, Robert 


Golsey, John 260, Wm. 


Halcom, Wm. 


Golsneye Henry ... 


Hale Welle, John de 


Good, Jean 


Hall, Barth. 127, Jn. 


Goodridge, Richard 


Hallett, Erasmus 29, Jonathan 

Goodsall, Johii 


162, Jn. 2, Joseph 162, Steph. 

Goodwyn, John 


162, 358, Susan 162, Tho. ... 


Gore, Montague ... 


Halse, Anthony 


Gorges, Sr. Edw. 152, Edw. 308, 

Halueknyght, John 


Marg. 235, Sr. Ralph 93, 94, 

Hammond family ... 346, 


Wm. ... 235, 


Hammond, John J. ... 


Gos, Roger 


Hammond, Esther 325, Jn. 91, 

Gosselyne, Thomas 


142, 189, Rd. 


Gotehurst, Richard de 


Hamslape, Hugh de 


Goudfelaw, John ... 


Hamund, Will. 


Goudge, Thomas ... 


Hancok, John 




Hanham, Sir John... 

... 125 

Hannam, William ... 

... 99 

Harbord, Sir Charles, Wm. 

... 134 

Harbyn, Henry 

... 262 

Hardeberd, Sir John 

... 200 

Hardeman, Jacob ... 

. . . 246 

Hardene, William de 

... 90 

Hardie, Margaret ... 


Hardiman, Thomas 

••• 33 

Harding, Christopher 117, 


119, Tho. 

• •• 311 

Hardinge, Latham... ... 8 

Hardy, Geo. 264, Jn. 37, Jona- 
than 117, Maud 8, Tho. ...